Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 19 de 19
Filter
1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 332-336, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876542

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) prevention and control measures in Huzhou on influenza epidemic strength and characteristics in 2020, so as to provide reference for formulating influenza prevention measures. @*Methods@#Using the influenza surveillance data of the national influenza sentinel surveillance system from January 2015 to July 2020, the seasonal characteristics of influenza epidemic were analyzed, the proportion of influenza-like illness cases ( ILI% ) and the positive rate of influenza virus in January to July of 2020 were compared with those of the same period in 2015-2019, in order to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 prevention and control measures. @*Results @#The ILI% and the positive rate of influenza virus in Huzhou were 3.90% and 15.32% during 2015-2019, while were 4.41% and 12.63% from January to July of 2020. The trends of ILI% during 2015-2019 fluctuated similar, but continued to drop since January 2020. The positive rate of influenza virus peaked from December to March in 2015-2019, also peaked from December 2019 to January 2020, but decreased to 0 in March. ILI% was positively correlated with the positive rate of influenza virus ( r=0.682, P<0.05). The growth rates of ILI% from January to July 2020 were 4.75%, -11.27%, 0.68%, 19.84% and 0.92%, compared with the same period of 2015-2019, respectively. The growth rates of ILI% in January 2020 were much higher ( >57.00% ) and from April to July were much lower ( <-33.00% ) . The growth rates of influenza virus positive rate from January to July 2020 were -47.96%, -36.53%, -3.44%, -35.92% and -39.37%, compared to the same period of 2015-2019, respectively. The growth rates of influenza virus positive rate in January 2020 were much higher ( >11.00% ) and from February to March were much lower ( <-61.00% ). @*Conclusion@#Since COVID-19 prevention and control measures were implemented in January 2020 in Huzhou, the ILI% and the positive rate of influenza virus in sentinel hospitals decreased significantly.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907585

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Ophiopogon D combined with cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene silencing on the proliferation, migration and invasion of human pancreatic cancer BxPC-3 cells.Methods:BxPC-3 cells were divided into blank control group, Ophiopogonin D high-dose group (40 μmol/L), medium-dose group (20 μmol/L) and low-dose group (10 μmol/L). The COX-2-slienced cells were divided into control group, COX-2 inhibited group (50 pmol/ml siRNA-COX-2), Ophiopogonin D group (20 μmol/L) and combination treatment group (Ophiopogonin D 20 μmol/L+ 50 pmol/ml siRNA-COX-2). The proliferation activity of BxPC-3 cells was detected by CCK-8, and the migration distance of BxPC-3 cells was detected by scratched assay. The invasion degree of BxPC-3 cells was detected by Transwell, the relative expression level of COX-2 gene in BxPC-3 cells was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), and the relative expressions of COX-2, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) proteins in BxPC-3 cells were detected by Western blotting.Results:The cell proliferation rates of blank control group, Ophiopogonin D high-dose, medium-dose and low-dose groups were (100.0±4.9)%, (71.8±5.4)%, (80.5±5.8)% and (89.7±5.7)%, respectively. The migration distances were (279.8±24.0) μm, (141.9±21.2) μm, (168.8±37.1) μm and (224.6±19.9) μm, respectively. The absorbance ( A) values of invasion number were 1.107±0.095, 0.390±0.030, 0.596±0.017 and 0.826±0.034, respectively.There were statistically significant differences ( F=19.770, P<0.001; F=48.270, P<0.001; F=198.400, P<0.001). The above indexes of the Ophiopogonin D high-, medium- and low-dose groups were significantly lower than those in the blank control group (all P<0.05). The relative expression levels of COX-2 gene were 1.007±0.178, 0.387±0.169, 0.567±0.142 and 0.740±0.030, respectively, and the relative protein expression levels were 1.000±0.033, 0.654±0.085, 0.762±0.110 and 0.881±0.049, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( F=10.280, P=0.004; F=11.780, P=0.003). The above indexes of the Ophiopogonin D high- and medium-dose groups were significantly lower than those in the blank control group (all P<0.05), and there was no statistically significant difference between the Ophiopogonin D low-dose group and blank control group (both P>0.05). The medium-dose of Ophiopogonin D (20 μmol/L) was selected as the subsequent concentration.After COX-2 silencing, the proliferation rates of the control group, COX-2 inhibited group, Ophiopogonin D group and combination treatment group were (100.0±2.8)%, (68.4±6.7)%, (67.7±5.9)% and (57.0±8.5)%, respectively, the migration distances were (274.4±23.8) μm, (217.0±18.8) μm, (186.2±18.6) μm and (115.7±15.8) μm, respectively, and the A values of invasion number were 1.143±0.092, 0.791±0.058, 0.715±0.026 and 0.424±0.058, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( F=34.430, P<0.001; F=103.400, P<0.001; F=131.100, P<0.001). The proliferation rates, migration distances and invasion numbers in each treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.001). Compared with the COX-2 inhibited group and Ophiopogonin D group, the cell proliferation, migration and invasion were significantly inhibited in the combination treatment group (all P<0.05). Compared with the Ophiopogonin D group, only the migration distance of the COX-2 inhibited group was significantly different ( P<0.05). The relative expression levels of COX-2 protein in the above groups were 0.995±0.037, 0.779±0.060, 0.806±0.076 and 0.645±0.079, respectively, the relative expression levels of HIF-1α were 1.083±0.104, 0.749±0.070, 0.736±0.070 and 0.394±0.016, respectively, and the relative expression levels of VEGF protein were 1.016±0.103, 0.757±0.090, 0.745±0.021 and 0.603±0.023, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( F=14.650, P=0.001; F=45.220, P<0.001; F=18.180, P<0.001). The expression levels of the three proteins in each treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Compared with the COX-2 inhibited group and Ophiopogonin D group, the relative protein expression levels of COX-2, HIF-1α and VEGF in the combination treatment group were significantly decreased (all P<0.05). Compared with the Ophiopogonin D group, there were no significant differences in the expression of the three proteins in the COX-2 inhibited group (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Ophiopogon D combined with COX-2 gene silencing can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of COX-2 pathway and the decrease of HIF-1α and VEGF protein expression levels.

3.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 35(2): 609-619, mar./apr. 2019. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048614

ABSTRACT

The tubers of three orchidaceous plants, includingPleione bulbocodioides (Franch.) Rolfe, have been used as 'Shan-Ci-Gu' in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of bacterial infections and cancers for thousands of years. In this study, the effects of an acetoacetate (EtOAc) extract of P. bulbocodioides on the cell viability and apoptosis of THP-1 (human acute monocytic leukemia cell line) cells and its interaction with possible apoptotic pathways were investigated. THP-1 cells were treated with the EtOAc extract of P. bulbocodioides at different concentrations. The results showed that THP-1 cell viability was significantly inhibited by the EtOAc extract ofP. bulbocodioides with an IC50 of 51.37±2.68 µ g/ mL at 24 h. The examination of cytotoxic effects on healthy cells showed that the EtOAc extract of P. bulbocodioidesdid not show any effect on healthy Vero cells. Selectivity indexes were greater than 15.57, suggesting that the EtOAc extract of P. bulbocodioides had selective toxicity against THP-1 cells. The results of annexin V-FITC/PI and DAPI staining showed that the EtOAc extract of P. bulbocodioides induced cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. The apoptotic rate was increased in the treatment groups compared with that in the control group (P<0.05). The distribution of cells in the G2 phase of the cell cycle increased along with typical cell apoptosis-induced morphological changes. The levels of the pro-apoptotic proteins Bax, cleaved PARP and cleaved caspase-3 increased with increasing concentration of acetoacetate extract of P. bulbocodioides, while the anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 was downregulated. Cyt c and AIF, which are characteristic proteins of the mitochondria-regulated intrinsic apoptosis pathway, also increased in the cytosol with increasing concentrations of the EtOAc extract of P. bulbocodioides. These results showed that the EtOAc extract of P. bulbocodioidessignificantly inhibits cell viability and induces cell apoptosis in the human leukemia cell line THP-1 through a mitochondria-regulated intrinsic apoptotic pathway


Os tubérculos de três plantas orquidáceas, incluindo Pleione bulbocodioides (Franch.) Rolfe, têm sido usados como "Shan-Ci-Gu" na medicina tradicional chinesa para o tratamento de infecções bacterianas e cânceres por milhares de anos. Neste estudo, os efeitos de um extrato de acetoacetato (EtOAc) de P. bulbocodioides na viabilidade celular e apoptose de células THP-1 (linhagem celular de leucemia monocítica aguda humana) e sua interação com possíveis vias apoptóticas foram investigados. As células THP-1 foram tratadas com o extrato EtOAc de P. bulbocodioides em diferentes concentrações. Os resultados mostraram que a viabilidade das células THP-1 foi significativamente inibida pelo extrato EtOAc de P. bulbocodioides com IC50 de 51,37 ± 2,68 µ g/mL às 24 h. O exame dos efeitos citotóxicos em células saudáveis mostrou que oextrato de EtOAc de P. bulbocodioides não mostrou nenhum efeito sobre células Vero saudáveis. Os índices de seletividade foram maiores que 15,57, sugerindo que o extrato de EtOAc de P. bulbocodioides teve toxicidade seletiva contra as células THP-1. Os resultados da coloração da anexina V-FITC/PI e DAPI mostraram que o extrato de EtOAc de P. bulbocodioides induziu a apoptose celular de maneira dose-dependente. A taxa de apoptose foi aumentada nos grupos de tratamento em comparação com o grupo controle (P <0,05). A distribuição de células na fase G2 do ciclo celular aumentou juntamente com alterações morfológicas típicas induzidas pela apoptose celular. Os níveis das proteínas pró-apoptóticas Bax, PARP clivada e caspase-3 clivada aumentaram com o aumento da concentração do extrato acetoacetato de P. bulbocodioides, enquanto a proteína anti-apoptose Bcl-2 foi regulada negativamente. Cyt c e AIF, que são proteínas características da via de apoptose intrínseca regulada por mitocôndrias, também aumentaram no citosol com concentrações crescentes do extrato de EtOAc de P. bulbocodioides. Estes resultados mostraram que o extrato de EtOAc de P. bulbocodioides inibe significativamente a viabilidade celular e induz a apoptose na linha celular de leucemia humana THP-1 através de uma via apoptótica intrínseca regulada por mitocôndrias.


Subject(s)
Leukemia , Cell Survival , Apoptosis , Orchidaceae , Mitochondria , Plant Tubers , THP-1 Cells , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Acetoacetates
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(1): 183-186, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989970

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We present the case of a 28 year old patient with an incomplete tear of the tunica albuginea occurred after having sexual intercourse in the female superior position. The diagnostic assessment was performed first clinically, then with CT, owing to its high resolution, allowed to exactly detect the tear location leading to precise preoperative planning. After adequate diagnosis through imaging and proper planning, the patient was performed a selective minimally invasive surgical approach to repair the lesion. The patient had good erection with no angular deformity or plaque formation after a 3-month follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Penile Diseases/surgery , Penis/injuries , Rupture/surgery , Penile Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Penis/surgery , Penis/diagnostic imaging , Rupture/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665061

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of "golden chicken pecking rice" and flat tonifying diarrhea in the treatment of pediatric spastic cerebral palsy. Methods Totally 90 cases of children with pediatric spastic cerebral palsy diagnosis standard were divided into golden chicken pecking rice group and flat tonifying diarrhea group by random number table method, with 45 cases in each group. Bobath rehabilitation training was used for both groups, 30–60 min each time. Body acupoints were Fengchi, Ganshu, Shenshu, Mingmen, Taixi, Kongzui, Quchi, Hegu, Yanglingquan, Sanyinjiao, Huantiao, Liangqiu, Juegu, and Taichong. Head acupoints were taken from the top midline, top temporal lobe, the top side of line 1, and the top side of line 2. Golden chicken pecking rice group was given "golden chicken pecking rice" needling, and head acupoints were given flat tonifying diarrhea method; flat tonifying diarrhea group was given flat tonifying diarrhea method. Acupuncture and Bobath rehabilitation training were given alternatively, three time per week, 12 times as a course, for 3 courses. GMFCS and GMFM-88 of the two groups before and after treatment were observed. Clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results The GMFCS of both groups were higher after treatment, with statistical significance (P<0.05). GMFM-88 scores in both groups increased after treatment (P<0.05). GMFM-88 score of the golden chicken pecking rice group was significantly higher than that of the flat tonifying diarrhea group, with statistical significance (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 95.6% (43/45) in golden chicken pecking rice group and 88.9% (40/45) in flat tonifying diarrhea group, with statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion Zheng's "golden chicken pecking rice" acupuncture on the treatment of children spastic cerebral palsy with motor dysfunction is with confirmed efficacy, which can obviously improve the motor function of children with cerebral palsy.

6.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1242-1247,前插1, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665047

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of transcription factor FOXO3a on mitophagy in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice. Methods A total of 30 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into Sham operation group (Sham) and ischemia reperfusion (IR) 2 h, 6 h, 12 h and 24 h groups, 6 mice in each group. The mouse model of liver ischemia -reperfusion injury was established. Blood biochemical methods were used to detect changes of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). HE staining and TUNEL were used to observe the damages of liver tissue and apoptosis. Western blot assay and qRT-PCR were used to detect the expressions of transcription factor FOXO3a, mitochondrial autophagy-related protein Nix protein and its mRNA expression in each group. Mouse liver AML12 cells were treated with FOXO3a and Nix interfering RNA, and the model was established for 6 h after hypoxia for 1.5 h.These cells were divided into siRNA-NC group, FOXO3a siRNA group and Nix siRNA group. MTT assay was used to detect the viability of cells in each group. The number and distribution of autophagy in each group were observed by confocal microscopy. The expressions of FOXO3a, Nix, microtubule-associated protein LC3, apoptotic protein P62 and Caspase-3 were detected by Western blot assay. Results The levels of ALT and AST in all groups of IR were reduced, and reached the peak value at 6 h (P<0.05). HE and TUNEL results showed that liver injury and apoptosis were the most serious at 6 h after reperfusion. The expression of FOXO3a and Nix was higher in IR group than that in the Sham group, and the expression level of FOXO3a mRNA was the highest at 12 h after reperfusion, the expression of Nix mRNA was the highest at 6 h after reperfusion (P<0.05). Western blot assay showed the highest expression of FOXO3a in the reperfusion of 12 h, and the highest expression levels of Nix, Caspase-3 and LC3Ⅱin reperfusion 6 h. After interfering with the expression of FOXO3a, MTT showed a marked reduction in cell survival (P<0.05), Western blot assay showed that the expression level of FOXO3a was significantly higher in siRNA-NC group than that in FOXO3a siRNA group, and the expression levels of Nix, Caspase-3 and LC3Ⅱwere significantly lower than those of FOXO3a siRNA group. Confocal microscopy showed that the number and distribution of autophagosomes were significantly lower in siRNA-NC group than those in FOXO3a siRNA group. After interfering with the expression of Nix, MTT showed a marked increase in cell survival (P<0.05), Western blot assay showed that the expression levels of Nix, P62 and LC3Ⅱ were significantly higher in siRNA-NC group than those in Nix siRNA group. Conclusion FOXO3a can reduce the hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice, which may be related to the FOXO3a inhibition for liver cell mitophagy and apoptosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664218

ABSTRACT

"Periocular heat" acupuncture manipulation refers to the application of Zheng Kuishan "warming and unblocking acupuncture method" to treatment for eye diseases and the use of this method at point Fengchi(GB20) to produce a heat sensation and make it reach the periocular position. It is one of characteristic techniques from Gansu Zheng's acupuncture academic school. The main point of its performance is the cooperation between pressing hand and needle-holding hand. The pressing hand is valued to promote periocular arrival of needling sensation, unblock periocular meridian, replenish qi to improve eyesight and activate blood to dissipate stasis. It is clinically used to treat eye diseases such as myopia, amblyopia, xeroma and scleritis.

8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 250-266, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757149

ABSTRACT

Transposable elements (TEs) have no longer been totally considered as "junk DNA" for quite a time since the continual discoveries of their multifunctional roles in eukaryote genomes. As one of the most important and abundant TEs that still active in human genome, Alu, a SINE family, has demonstrated its indispensable regulatory functions at sequence level, but its spatial roles are still unclear. Technologies based on 3C (chromosome conformation capture) have revealed the mysterious three-dimensional structure of chromatin, and make it possible to study the distal chromatin interaction in the genome. To find the role TE playing in distal regulation in human genome, we compiled the new released Hi-C data, TE annotation, histone marker annotations, and the genome-wide methylation data to operate correlation analysis, and found that the density of Alu elements showed a strong positive correlation with the level of chromatin interactions (hESC: r = 0.9, P < 2.2 × 10(16); IMR90 fibroblasts: r = 0.94, P < 2.2 × 10(16)) and also have a significant positive correlation with some remote functional DNA elements like enhancers and promoters (Enhancer: hESC: r = 0.997, P = 2.3 × 10(-4); IMR90: r = 0.934, P = 2 × 10(-2); Promoter: hESC: r = 0.995, P = 3.8 × 10(-4); IMR90: r = 0.996, P = 3.2 × 10(-4)). Further investigation involving GC content and methylation status showed the GC content of Alu covered sequences shared a similar pattern with that of the overall sequence, suggesting that Alu elements also function as the GC nucleotide and CpG site provider. In all, our results suggest that the Alu elements may act as an alternative parameter to evaluate the Hi-C data, which is confirmed by the correlation analysis of Alu elements and histone markers. Moreover, the GC-rich Alu sequence can bring high GC content and methylation flexibility to the regions with more distal chromatin contact, regulating the transcription of tissue-specific genes.


Subject(s)
Alu Elements , Genetics , Base Composition , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Chromatin , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , CpG Islands , DNA , Metabolism , Databases, Genetic , Enhancer Elements, Genetic , Genetics , Genome, Human , Histones , Metabolism , Humans , Methylation
10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 575-588, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757578

ABSTRACT

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) including high-risk (HR) and low-risk (LR) subtypes have distinguishable variation on both genotypes and phenotypes. The co-infection of multiple HR-HPVs, headed by HPV16, is common in cervical cancer in female. Recently accumulating reports have focused on the interaction between virus and host, particularly the role of human microRNAs (miRNAs) in anti-viral defense by targeting viral genome. Here, we found a well-conserved target site of miRNAs in the genomes of most HR-HPVs, not LR-HPVs, by scanning all potential target sites of human miRNAs on 24 HPVs of unambiguous subtypes of risk. The site is targeted by two less common human miRNAs, miR-875 and miR-3144, and is located in E6 oncogene open reading frame (ORF) and overlap with the first alternative splice exon of viral early transcripts. In validation tests, miR-875 and miR-3144 were identified to suppress the target reporter activity markedly and inhibit the expression of both synthetically exogenous E6 and endogenous E6 oncogene. High level of two miRNAs can inhibit cell growth and promote apoptosis in HPV16-positive cervical cancer cells. This study provides a promising common target of miRNAs for most HR-HPVs and highlights the effects of two low expressed human miRNAs on tumour suppression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genetics , Base Sequence , Binding Sites , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Female , Gene Expression , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Genetics , Human papillomavirus 16 , Genetics , Physiology , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Molecular Sequence Data , Oncogene Proteins, Viral , Genetics , Repressor Proteins , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Virology
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(2): 276-285, Mar-Apr/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676272

ABSTRACT

Purpose Evidence shows that adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is involved in the transmission of multiple chronic pain via P2X7 receptor. This study was to investigate the P2X7 and microglial cells in the chronic prostatitis pain. Materials and Methods Rats were divided into control group and chronic prostatitis group (n = 24 per group). A chronic prostatitis animal model was established by injecting complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) to the prostate of rats, and the thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) was detected on days 0, 4, 12 and 24 (n = 6 at each time point in each group). Animals were sacrificed and the pathological examination of the prostate, detection of mRNA expression of P2X7 and ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1 (IBA-1) and measurement of content of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the dorsal horn of L5-S2 spinal cord were performed on days 0, 4, 12 and 24. In addition, the content of TNF-α and IL-1β in the dorsal horn of L5-S2 spinal cord was measured after intrathecal injection of inhibitors of microglial cells and/or P2X7 for 5 days. Results The chronic prostatitis was confirmed by pathological examination. The expression of P2X7 and IBA-1 and the content of TNF-α and IL-1β in rats with chronic prostatitis were significantly higher than those in the control group. On day 4, the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines became to increase, reaching a maximal level on day 12 and started to reduce on day 24, but remained higher than that in the control group. Following suppression of microglial cells and P2X7 receptor, the secretion of TNF-α and IL-1β was markedly reduced. Conclusion In chronic prostatitis pain, the microglial cells and P2X7 receptor are activated resulting in the increased expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in the L5-S2 spinal cord, which might attribute to the maintenance and intensification of pain in chronic prostatitis. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Microglia/cytology , Microglia/metabolism , Prostate/metabolism , Prostatitis/metabolism , /physiology , Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Chronic Pain/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Microfilament Proteins/metabolism , Pain Measurement , Prostate/pathology , Prostatitis/pathology , Random Allocation , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Spinal Cord/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1091-1093, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246991

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe differences of therapeutic effects among acupuncture bloodletting, penicillin and acupuncture bloodletting combined with penicillin for children acute tonsillitis and providea better treatment method in cli nic.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-five mild cases were selected into section of mild symptoms while seventy-five severe cases were selected into section of severe symptoms. Cases in the two sections then were divided into, an acupuncture bloodletting group, a penicillin group and a comprehensive group by random digital table method separately, 25 cases in each one. Qu-chi (LI 11), Hegu (LI 4), Dazhui (GV 14), Shaoshang (LU 11) and Erjian (EX 11) were selected in the acupuncture bloodletting group, intravenous injection of penicillin sodium was applied in the penicillin group and acupuncture bloodletting combined with penicillin was applied in the comprehensive group. Efficacy assessment was conducted after 3 days in the section of mild symptoms and after 5 days in the section of severe symptoms.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For the section of mild symptoms, the total effective rate was 96.0% (24/25) in the comprehensive group and 92.0% (23/25) in the acupuncture bloodletting group, which were both superior to 68. 0% (17/25) in the penicillin group (P<0.05), but no statistical significance was seen between the comprehensive group and acupuncture bloodletting group (P>0.05). For the section of severe symptoms, the total effective rate was 96.0% (24/25) in the comprehensive group, which was obviously superior to 60.0% (15/25) in the acupuncture bloodletting group (P<0.01) and 68.0% (17/25) in the penicillin group (P<0. 05), and no statistical significance was seen between the acupuncture bloodletting group and penicillin group (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The efficacy of acupuncture bloodletting combined with penicillin is little different from that of acupuncture bloodletting for treatment of children acute tonsillitis with mild accompanied symptoms, which were both superior to intravenous injection of penicillin sodium. For severe accompanied symptoms, the efficacy of acupuncture bloodletting combined with penicillin is obviously superior to acupuncture bloodletting and penicillin.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Bloodletting , Child , Child, Preschool , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Penicillins , Therapeutic Uses , Tonsillitis , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442345

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlated factors of pulmonary metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC),so as to provide theoretical evidences for the prevention and treatment.Methods The clinical data of 862 patients with HCC who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from January 2008 to March 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 107 patients with pulmonary metastasis.Factors including serum alpha fetoprotein (AFP) level,serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) level,hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection,presence and treatment of intrahepatic tumor were analyzed to screen out relevant factors of pulmonary infection of HCC.Univariate and multivariate COX regression model analysis were performed for data analysis.Results The results of univariate analysis showed that high level of AFP (≥400 μg/L),ultra-high level of GGT (≥ 150 U/L),presence of HBV infection,the number of intrahepatic tumors ≥2,no radical resection (or radiofrequency ablation) for intrahepatic tumors,combining with tumor thrombi in the vessels,lymph node metastasis were risk factors of pulmonary metastasis of HCC (RR =1.986,3.653,0.365,3.675,0.252,0.379,0.352,P < 0.05).The results of multivariate analysis showed that high level of AFP (≥400 μg/L),HBV infection,the number of intrahepatic tumors ≥2,no radical resection (or radiofrequency ablation) for intrahepatic tumors,combining with tumor thrombi in the vessels were risk factors of pulmonary metastasis of HCC (RR =2.391,3.462,3.425,3.396,2.418,0.638,P < 0.05).Conclusions AFP ≥400 μg/L,HBV infection,the number of intrahepatic tumors ≥ 2,no radical resection (or radiofrequency ablation),tumor thrombi in the vessels and lymph node metastasis are risk factors of pulmonary metastasis of HCC.Anti-hepatitis virus treatment and early treatment are helpful for the prevention and treatment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346886

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical efficacy of Maixuekang capsule in reconvalescents of cerebral infarction and its impact on coagulation function.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>One hundred and twenty cases of reconvalescents of cerebral infarction were randomly divided into treatment and control groups. The 50 cases in the control group were provided with conventional therapy, while the 70 cases in the treatment group were provided with the combination of conventional therapy and Maixuekang capsule for 3 months. Their neurological function and prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) clotting enzyme time (TT), fibrinogen (Fib) were measured before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After the treatment, PT, APTT and TT were prolonged compared with those before the treatment in the treatment group (P<0.05), whereas Fib, neurological deficit scores decreased (P<0.01) and significantly different from the control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Maixuekang capsule is among safe and effective drugs in treatment of reconvalescents of cerebral infarction, and can improve the patient's coagulation state.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Coagulation , Capsules , Therapeutic Uses , Cerebral Infarction , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Fibrinogen , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Prothrombin Time
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282425

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the protective effect of tanshinone II A on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury in rats, and possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>LPS (O(111): B4) was used to produce a rat model of acute lung injury. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (8 in each group): the control group, the model group (ALI group), and the tanshinone II A treatment group. Expression of adhesion molecule CD18 on the surface of polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMNCD18) in venous white blood cells (WBC), and changes in coagulation-anticoagulant indexes were measured 6 h after injection of LPS or normal saline. Changes in malondialdehyde (MDA) content, wet and dry weight (W/D) ratio and morphometry of pulmonary tissue as well as PMN sequestration in the lung were also measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) When compared with the control group, expression of PMNCD18 and MDA content were enhanced in the ALI group with a hypercoagulable state (all P<0.01) and an increased W/D ratio (P<0.05). Histopathological morphometry in the lung tissue showed higher PMN sequestration, wider alveolar septa; and lower alveolar volume density (V(V)) and alveolar surface density (S(V)), showing significant difference (P<0.01). (2) When compared with the ALI group, the expression of PMN-CD18, MDA content, and W/D ratio were all lower in Tanshinone II A treatment group (P<0.05) with ameliorated coagulation abnormality (P<0.01). Histopathological morphometry in the lung tissue showed a decrease in the PMN sequestration and the width of alveolar septa (both P<0.01), and an increase in the V(V) and S(V) (P<0.05, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tan II A plays a protective role in LPS-induced lung injury in rats through improving hypercoagulating state, decreasing PMN-CD18 expression and alleviating migration, reducing lipid peroxidation and alleviating pathological changes.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Coagulation , CD18 Antigens , Abietanes , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Lipopolysaccharides , Toxicity , Lung , Pathology , Male , Malondialdehyde , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 352-356, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277400

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The overexpression of N-methylpurine DNA glycosylase (MPG) may imbalance the DNA base excision repair (BER) to sensitize tumor cells to current DNA damage chemotherapy. In an effort to improve the efficacy of cancer chemotherapy, we have constructed adenoviral vector of MPG, to study its ability to sensitize human osteosarcoma cell HOS to DNA damage agents.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The adenoviral infection and MPG expression, as well as enzyme activity were determined by flow cytometry, Western blot, and HEX labeled oligonucleotide-based assay respectively. The cell survival/proliferation was measured using MTS, SRB, and [(3)H] thymidine incorporation assay. Apoptosis cell death was assayed by flow cytometry after treatment using phycoerythin (PE)-conjugated Annexin V and 7-amino-actinomycin (7-AAD).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A 10 MOI of recombinant nonreplicating adenovirus was found to infect more than 90% of HOS cells within 24 hours by EGFP fluorescence, in which the MPG overexpression and MPG enzyme activity were also detected. The MPG overexpression HOS cells were significantly more sensitive to the DNA damage agents, including MMS, MNNG, and TMZ, with changes in the IC50 of 6.0, 4.5, and 2.5 fold respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>These data establish transient MPG overexpression as a potential therapeutic approach for increasing HOS cellular sensitivity to DNA damage agent chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Antineoplastic Agents , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Glycosylases , Genetics , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Osteosarcoma , Pathology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679915

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the curative effect of acute severe brain injury complicated ARDS, Methods 31 patients who had acute severe brain injury complicated ARDS were divided into two groups:A group was early discovery of ARDS and given treatment.B group was late discovery of ARDS and treated late.Then the curative effects were compared.Results A group was significantly higher than B group in blood gas analysis(P

18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 100-102, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322539

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To evaluate significance of clinical parameters in prostate cancer staging.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twelve patients of prostate cancer were diagnosed by transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsies. These cases were staged by pathologic diagnosis, MRI and bone scan. Clinical significance of serum PSA, Gleason score of biopsy, percentage of positive biopsy cores in prostate cancer staging were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 112 patients, 30.4% (34/112) underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy. The serum PSA, Gleason score of biopsy and percentage of positive biopsy cores, were significant correlation with staging prostate cancer (r = 0.698, r = 0.674, r = 0.671, P < 0.001), and no significant difference between staging B and staging C (chi 2 = 2.675, P = 0.096; chi 2 = 0.704, P = 0.401). PSA in patients with stage D had significant difference with others (chi 2 = 5.135, P = 0.023; chi 2 = 4.593, P = 0.032). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of PSA were 76.7%, 50.0% and 71.4% respectively. Those of Gleason score and percentage of positive biopsy cores were 83.3%, 77.3%, 82.1% and 77.8%, 54.5%, 73.2% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The serum PSA, Gleason score of biopsy and percentage of positive biopsy cores had clinical significance in the staging of prostate cancer. Gleason score of biopsy in staging was more accurate than that of the other two parameters and the serum PSA can better predict prostate cancer metastasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Methods , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms , Pathology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679852

ABSTRACT

Aim To evaluate the anti-tumor activity of the extract from the root of Actinidia chinensis planch in vitro and in vivo. Methods Active components from the root of Actinidia chinensis planch were isolated by traditional phytochemical techniques. The in vitro anti-tumor activity was determined by sulforhodamine B assay and the in vivo anti-tumor activity was evaluated using experimental mouse tumor models and human tumor xenografts in nude mice. Results Powdered air-dried roots of Actinidia chinensis planch were percolated with methanol at room temperature thrice. The filtrate was concentrated to dryness in vacuo and then was further extracted with ethyl acetate, n-butanol , and chloroform. The fraction extracted by chloroform displayed the most potent activity against several tumor cell lines including hepatocellular carcinoma Bel-7402 cells, non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells, lymphoma Ramos cells, and breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Further more, the anti-tumor efficacy of the chloroform fraction was confirmed in Bel-7402 xenografts in nude mice with the percentage inhibition of 38.0 %. Conclusion The extract of the root of Actinidia chinensis planch has anti-tumor activity, and the active components are mainly in the fraction extracted by chloroform.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL