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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 342-346, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920882

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of liver CD8 + T lymphocytes on co-cultured hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) after the application of Fuzheng Huayu prescription in a moues model of acute liver injury, as well as the mechanism of action of Fuzheng Huayu prescription in preventing liver fibrosis. Methods A total of 18 specific pathogen-free male C57BL/6NCrl Vr mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, and Fuzheng Huayu prescription group, with 6 mice in each group. The mice in the Fuzheng Huayu prescription group were given Fuzheng Huayu prescription for 5 days in advance. At 12 hours before the experiment, 10% CCl 4 was injected intraperitoneally at a dose of 2 mL/kg body weight. Blood was collected from the main abdominal vein, and the serum was separated to measure the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Part of the liver was used for pathological observation. After the mice were pretreated with medication in vivo, flow cytometry was used for the sorting of mouse liver CD8 + T lymphocytes, which were then co-cultured with the mouse HSC cell line (JS 1) in a 96-well plate at a ratio of 2∶ 1, and after co-culture for 24 and 48 hours, qPCR was used to measure the changes in the mRNA expression of Col.I and α-SMA. An analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the SNK- q test or the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results The model group had significantly higher activities of ALT and AST than the normal group (both P < 0.000 1), and compared with the model group, the Fuzheng Huayu prescription group had a significantly lower degree of increase in ALT activity ( P < 0.001). HE staining showed that the Fuzheng Huayu prescription group had a significantly lower degree of hepatocyte degeneration and necrosis compared with the model group. Compared with the normal group, the total lymphocytes, CD45, CD4 - CD8 + T and CD8 + CD28 - T in the model group increased significantly, while the proportion of the above lymphocytes in the Fuzheng Huayu formula group decreased significantly compared with the model group ( P < 0.001). CD8 + T lymphocytes isolated from the liver of mice in each group were co-cultured with JS 1 for 48 hours, and compared with the control group (JS 1 cultured alone) and the normal group, the model group had a significant increase in the mRNA expression of α-SMA (both P < 0.01) and significantly higher mRNA expression of Col.I than the control group and the normal group (normal mouse liver CD8 + T lymphocytes co-cultured with JS 1) (both P < 0.001). The Fuzheng Huayu prescription group had significantly lower mRNA expression levels of α-SMA and Col.I than the model group (both P < 0.01). Conclusion Fuzheng Huayu prescription can indirectly inhibit activated HSCs by altering the functional phenotype of CD8 + T lymphocytes in mouse liver.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 292-296, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935385

ABSTRACT

Estimating the actual real-world effectiveness of the vaccine is an essential part of the post-marketing evaluation. This regression discontinuity design (RDD) using observational data is designed to quantify the effect of an intervention when eligibility for the intervention is based on a defined cutoff as age, making it suited to estimate vaccine effects. This approach can avoid the high cost and ethical issues; overcome difficulties in the organization and practice process in randomized controlled trials, which leads to a higher level of causal inference evidence and more realistic results. Here, we describe key features of RDD in general, and then specific scenarios, with examples, to illustrate that RDD are an essential tool for advancing our understanding of vaccine effects.


Subject(s)
Causality , Humans , Vaccine Efficacy , Vaccines
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935324

ABSTRACT

Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable encephalitis in Asia and the Western Pacific, which mainly invades central nervous system. Vaccination is the most important strategy to prevent JE. Currently, both live attenuated Japanese encephalitis vaccines (JE-L) and inactivated vaccines (JE-I) are in use. Due to the supply of vaccines and the personal choice of recipients, there will be a demand for interchangeable immunization of these two vaccines. However, relevant research is limited. By reviewing domestic and foreign research evidence, this article summarizes the current situation of the interchangeable use of JE-L and JE-I, and makes recommendations when the interchangeable immunization is in urgent need, so as to provide reference for practical vaccination and policymaking in China.


Subject(s)
Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Encephalitis, Japanese/prevention & control , Humans , Immunization , Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines , Vaccination , Vaccines, Inactivated
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935308

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and spatiotemporal clustering of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019. Methods: The data of hepatitis A incidence in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019 were collected from the infectious disease surveillance system of China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention. ArcGIS 10.7 software was used for spatial autocorrelation analysis. SaTScan 9.6 software was used for spatiotemporal scanning analysis. SPSS 25.0 software was used for additional analysis. Results: Zhejiang Province has reported 5 465 cases of hepatitis A in 2010-2019 years, with an average annual incidence rate of 1.00/100 000, and periodicity and seasonality are not obvious. The incidence of male was higher than that of female (P=0.023), and the highest incidence rate was 50-59 years old. Spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that there was a positive spatial correlation between the incidence of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2017, with the weakest correlation in 2010 (Moran's I =0.103, Z=1.769, P=0.049), and the strongest correlation in 2016 (Moran's I=0.328, Z=4.979, P=0.001). Spatiotemporal scanning analysis showed that there was spatial aggregation of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019, with a total of three aggregation areas identified. Among them, the mostly aggregation area was concentrated in Xiangshan county of Ningbo city, which covered 10 counties (cities and districts), including Ninghai county and Yinzhou district, and appeared from January 1 to June 30, 2012. Conclusion: The incidence level of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province shows a stable fluctuation trend from 2010 to 2019, and the seasonal regularity is not obvious. The population group aged 50-59 years old is the key population. There is spatial aggregation in the epidemic situation of hepatitis A. Targeted prevention and control measures of hepatitis A should be done based on the law of spatiotemporal aggregation and local incidence.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Female , Hepatitis A/epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Spatial Analysis
5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 228-236, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between socioeconomic status (SES) and diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).Methods:A total of 276 T2D patients admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January to June 2020 were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated according to the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) and the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration equation(CKD-EPI formula) based on serum creatinine. The patients were divided into simple T2D group (184 cases) and DKD group (92 cases). Collect demographic and laboratory examination data, record education, income and occupation, and calculate standardized SES scores. According to SES scores, subjects were divided in three levels: SES≤9, SES≥10-≤12, and SES≥13. Student's t test was used for comparison of measurement data with normal distribution between two groups, and one-way ANOVA was used for comparison between multiple groups. Non-normal distribution was represented by M( Q1, Q3), and rank-sum test was used for comparison between groups. Counting data were expressed as frequency or percentage, and chi-square test was used for comparison between groups. Bofferoni test was further used for pairwise comparison of indicators with statistical significance among multiple groups. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between variables. The risk factors were analyzed by binary Logistic regression. Results:The age of the subjects was (53.37±10.68) years, men accounted for 55.8% (154/276), the duration of diabetes was 60.00 (12.00, 134.00) months, and eGFR was (97.56±21.15) mL/(min·1.73 m 2). In simple T2D group and DKD group, prevalence of hypertension were 39.7% (73/184) and 57.6% (53/92), systolic blood pressure were (129.43±14.92) mmHg and (139.29±17.61) mmHg, diastolic blood pressure were (81.86±10.06) mmHg and (87.74±11.19) mmHg, serum albumin were (45.74±4.15) g/L and (43.99±5.05) g/L, triglycerides were (1.82±1.24) mmol/L and (2.64±2.92) mmol/L, high density lipoprotein cholesterol were (1.17±0.37) mmol/L and (1.07±0.26) mmol/L, serum uric acid were (298.44±90.73) μmol/L and (336.22±94.01) μmol/L, serum creatinine were (62.83±14.45) μmol/L and (87.75±57.37) μmol/L, eGFR were (102.6±14.28) mL/(min·1.73 m 2) and (87.47±28.04) mL/(min·1.73 m 2), UACR were (7.60 (4.63, 13.15)) mg/g and (93.95 (47.25, 310.25)) mg/g. Prevalence of hypertension, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, serum uric acid, serum creatinine, UACR in DKD group were higher than those in simple T2D group. Serum albumin, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and eGFR in DKD group were lower than those in simple T2D group. There was significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=7.95, t values were 4.87, 4.40, 3.04, 3.26, 2.30, 3.22, 5.56, 5.95, Z=13.07, P values were 0.005, <0.001, <0.001, 0.003, 0.001, 0.022, 0.001, <0.001, <0.001, and <0.001, respectively). The number of males in the three groups with SES ≥13 group, SES≥10-≤12 group, SES ≤9 group were 61 (81.3%, 61/75), 55 (59.8%, 55/92), 38 (34.9%, 38/109), respectively. The number of cases with smoking history were 42 (56.0%, 42/75), 41 (44.6%, 41/92), 35 (32.1%, 35/109), respectively. The number of cases with drinking history were 38 (50.7%, 38/75), 32 (34.8%, 32/92), 26 (23.9%, 26/109), respectively. The ages were (47.77±10.76), (52.76±11.22), (57.74±7.96) years old, respectively. Body mass index (BMI) were (26.17±3.87), (24.96±3.93), (24.27±4.89) kg/m 2, respectively. High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) were (1.03±1.03), (1.16±0.41), (1.21±0.32) mmol/L, respectively. Serum uric acid were (336.56±82.05), (293.78±94.78), (307.99±96.53) μmol/L, respectively. EGFR were (105.03±19.72), (99.77±19.44), (90.57±21.49) mL/(min·1.73 m 2),respectively.The difference between groups were statistically significant (χ 2=39.79, 10.55, 14.08, F=22.69, 4.03, 6.20, 4.53, 12.02, P values were <0.001, 0.005, 0.001, <0.001, 0.019, 0.002, 0.012, and <0.001, respectively). Pairwise comparison shows that male and eGFR in SES ≤9 group were lower than those in SES ≥13 group and SES≥10-≤12 group, age in SES ≤9 group was higher than that in SES ≥13 group and SES≥10-≤12 group. The difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Smoking history, alcohol history and BMI in SES ≤9 group were lower than those in SES ≥13 group, and the high density lipoprotein cholesterol in SES ≤9 were higher than that in SES ≥13 group. The difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Male, alcohol history and serum uric acid in SES≥10-≤12 group were lower than those in SES ≥13 group, and age and high density lipoprotein cholesterol in SES≥10-≤12 group were higher than those in SES ≥13 group. The difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that SES in T2D was positively correlated with male, smoking history, alcohol history, BMI, serum uric acid and eGFR ( r values were 0.38, 0.20, 0.24, 0.16, 0.13 and 0.31, P values were <0.001, 0.001, <0.001, 0.008, 0.028, and <0.001, respectively), and negatively correlated with age, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and UACR ( r values were -0.35, -0.24 and -0.14, P values were <0.001, <0.001, and 0.017, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that SES (OR=2.71,95% CI:1.10-6.68, P=0.031) was associated with T2DM combined with DKD. The risk of developing DKD increased when the SES was ≤9. Conclusion:The SES in patients with type 2 diabetes is closely related to DKD. Low SES may be a new risk factor for DKD in type 2 diabetic patients.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1186-1197, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929360

ABSTRACT

The transcription factor nuclear factor of kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) is expressed in brown adipocytes, but its role remains largely unknown in the cells. This issue was addressed in current study by examining NF-κB in brown adipocytes in vitro and in vivo. NF-κB activity was increased by differentiation of brown adipocytes through elevation of p65 (RelA) expression. The transcriptional activity of NF-κB was induced by the cold stimulation with an elevation in S276 phosphorylation of p65 protein. Inactivation of NF-κB in brown adipocytes made the knockout mice [uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1)-CreER-p65f/f, U-p65-KO] intolerant to the cold environment. The brown adipocytes exhibited an increase in apoptosis, a decrease in cristae density and uncoupling activity in the interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT) of p65-KO mice. The alterations became severer after cold exposure of the KO mice. The brown adipocytes of mice with NF-κB activation (p65 overexpression, p65-OE) exhibited a set of opposite alterations with a reduction in apoptosis, an increase in cristae density and uncoupling activity. In mechanism, NF-κB inhibited expression of the adenine nucleotide translocase 2 (ANT2) in the control of apoptosis. Data suggest that NF-κB activity is increased in brown adipocytes by differentiation and cold stimulation to protect the cells from apoptosis through down-regulation of ANT2 expression.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1416-1431, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929352

ABSTRACT

Considering that photodynamic therapy (PDT)-induced oxygen consumption and microvascular damage could exacerbate hypoxia to drive more glycolysis and angiogenesis, a novel approach to potentiate PDT and overcome the resistances of hypoxia is avidly needed. Herein, morpholine-modified PEGylated bilirubin was proposed to co-deliver chlorin e6, a photosensitizer, and diclofenac (Dc). In acidic milieu, the presence of morpholine could enable the nanocarriers to selectively accumulate in tumor cells, while PDT-generated reactive oxidative species (ROS) resulted in the collapse of bilirubin nanoparticles and rapid release of Dc. Combining with Dc showed a higher rate of apoptosis over PDT alone and simultaneously triggered a domino effect, including blocking the activity and expression of lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), interfering with lactate secretion, suppressing the activation of various angiogenic factors and thus obviating hypoxia-induced resistance-glycolysis and angiogenesis. In addition, inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) by Dc alleviated hypoxia-induced resistance. This study offered a sequentially responsive platform to achieve sufficient tumor enrichment, on-demand drug release and superior anti-tumor outcomes in vitro and in vivo.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939856

ABSTRACT

PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) improves the bone marrow micro-environment to activate the bone-remodelling, but the coordinated regulation of PTHrP and transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) signalling in TMJ-OA remains incompletely understood. We used disordered occlusion to establish model animals that recapitulate the ordinary clinical aetiology of TMJ-OA. Immunohistochemical and histological analyses revealed condylar fibrocartilage degeneration in model animals following disordered occlusion. TMJ-OA model animals administered intermittent PTHrP (iPTH) exhibited significantly decreased condylar cartilage degeneration. Micro-CT, histomorphometry, and Western Blot analyses disclosed that iPTH promoted subchondral bone formation in the TMJ-OA model animals. In addition, iPTH increased the number of osterix (OSX)-positive cells and osteocalcin (OCN)-positive cells in the subchondral bone marrow cavity. However, the number of osteoclasts was also increased by iPTH, indicating that subchondral bone volume increase was mainly due to the iPTH-mediated increase in the bone-formation ability of condylar subchondral bone. In vitro, PTHrP treatment increased condylar subchondral bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (SMSC) osteoblastic differentiation potential and upregulated the gene and protein expression of key regulators of osteogenesis. Furthermore, we found that PTHrP-PTH1R signalling inhibits TGFβ signalling during osteoblastic differentiation. Collectively, these data suggested that iPTH improves OA lesions by enhancing osteoblastic differentiation in subchondral bone and suppressing aberrant active TGFβ signalling. These findings indicated that PTHrP, which targets the TGFβ signalling pathway, may be an effective biological reagent to prevent and treat TMJ-OA in the clinic.


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis , Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein/pharmacology , Temporomandibular Joint , Transforming Growth Factor beta/pharmacology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928901

ABSTRACT

With the deepening of China's medical reform, the scale of hospital equipment assets at all levels is also expanding. In the face of large-scale and various equipment assets, the traditional single machine statistical management method not only has a single interface, poor data accuracy and is not compatible with other systems, but also is difficult to achieve "full life cycle" management. In order to solve above problems, the Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University of Medicine aims to use the Internet of Things to build a medical equipment management information platform, realize the whole hospital area, whole subject and whole process management of medical materials, and achieve the objectives of business linkage, information connectivity and data sharing between management departments and clinical departments.


Subject(s)
China , Equipment and Supplies, Hospital , Hospitals , Humans , Information Dissemination , Information Management
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1946-1952, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927829

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the salt tolerance of banana NHX genes, we cloned a MaNHX5 gene from Musa acuminata L. AAA group and predicted the key salt-tolerant amino acid sites and mutant protein structure changes of MaNHX5 by using bioinformatics tools. The 276-position serine (S) of MaNHX5 protein was successfully mutated to aspartic acid (D) by site-directed mutagenesis, and the AXT3 salt-sensitive mutant yeast was used for a functional complementation test. The results showed that after the mutated MaNHX5 gene was transferred to AXT3 salt-sensitive mutant yeast, the salt tolerance of the mutant yeast was significantly improved under 200 mmol/L NaCl treatment. It is hypothesized that Ser276 of MaNHX5 protein plays an important role in the transport of Na+ across the tonoplast.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Musa/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Plants, Genetically Modified , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism
11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 631-636, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927253

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish an optimized path for health management of HBV infections among pregnant and lying-in women based on a Delphi method, so as to provide the evidence for intensifying the interruption of the mother-to-child transmission of HBV.@*Methods@#Based on literature review and previous studies, the preliminary framework and contents of the optimized path for health management of HBV infections were constructed. Experts from epidemiology, clinical medicine and maternal and children healthcare were invited to participate in two-round Delphi consultations, and the preliminarily designed indicators were screened and revised. The score for feasibility of each indicator was calculated, and the weight of each indicator was estimated using a proportional distribution method.@*Results@#Sixteen experts participated in the consultation, including 13 women. The participants had a mean age of (45.69±5.71) years, and a mean employment duration of (23.06±7.05) years. All participants had a degree of bachelor and above, and there were 14 experts with vice senior professional titles. The mean positive coefficient was 96.88% and the mean authority coefficient was 0.790 during the two-round expert consultations. There were significant differences in the coordination coefficient of importance, necessity and feasibility of indicators at all levels (P<0.05), and the coefficient of variation of the feasibility was all less than 0.250. The final optimized path for health management of HBV infections among pregnant and lying-in women included 6 primary indicators, 17 secondary indictors and 73 tertiary indicators. Among the primary indicators, delivery management (0.173 4), screening and evaluation (0.172 8) and pregnancy management (0.172 7) had a high weight.@*Conclusion@#A scientific and reliable optimized path is created for health management of HBV infections among pregnant and lying-in women, which has a potential value for improving the interruption of mother-to-child transmission of HBV.

12.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 496-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923704

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the serum levels of anti-measles antibody among residents in Zhejiang Province in 2018, so as to provide insights into measles control.@*Methods@#Permanent residents aged 0 to 59 years were recruited using the stratified multistage random sampling method in Zhejiang Province in 2018, and subjects' demographic features, medical history of measles and history of immunization with measles-containing vaccine (MCV) were collected using a questionnaire survey. The serum level of anti-measles IgG antibody was detected, and the geometric mean concentration (GMC) of anti-measles IgG antibody was estimated. The seroprevalence, protective rate and GMC of anti-measles IgG antibody were compared among residents at different age groups and regions.@*Results@#A total of 4 189 residents were enrolled, including 1 939 males and 2 250 females, with a male to female ratio of 1∶1.16. There were 3 858 residents positive for anti-measles IgG antibody, with seroprevalence of 92.10%, and there were 2 072 residents with protective antibodies against measles, with a protective rate of 49.46%. The median GMC of anti-measles IgG antibody was 798.33 (interquartile range, 1 024.06) mIU/mL, and the protective rate of anti-measles IgG antibody appeared a tendency towards a decline with age ( χ2trend=18.067, P<0.001 ). There were significant differences in the seroprevalence ( χ2=45.090, P<0.001 ), protective rate ( χ2=57.432, P<0.001 ) and GMC of anti-measles IgG antibody (χ2=88.624, P<0.001 ) among residents at different regions, with the lowest seroprevalence of anti-measles IgG antibody in Ningbo City ( 85.19% ), the lowest antibody-protective rate (38.98%) and the lowest GMC [632.89 ( 909.04 ) mIU/mL] in Zhoushan City, the highest seroprevalence ( 95.16% ), antibody-protective rate (58.48%) and GMC [1 035.84 ( 1 301.77 ) mIU/mL] in Huzhou City.@*Conclusions@# The protective rate of anti-measles antibody was low and appeared a tendency towards a decline among residents in Zhejiang Province in 2018. There was a region-specific serum level of anti-measles antibody in Zhejiang Province in 2018.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 876-880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876017

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate dynamic changes of posterior corneal power and astigmatism after cataract surgery based on Pentacam three-dimensional anterior eye segment analyzer.<p>METHODS: Totally 96 elderly patients(116 eyes)with cataract underwent phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation in our hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 were selected. Parameters including anterior corneal power, posterior corneal power, flat keratometry, steep keratometry, mean keratometry, anterior corneal astigmatism, posterior corneal astigmatism, and total corneal astigmatism were obtained using Pentacam three-dimensional anterior eye segment analyzer system at postoperative 1wk, 1mo and 3mo. Spearan correlation analysis was performed on the anterior segment. <p>RESULTS: The anterior corneal power(flat keratometry, steep keratometry, mean keratometry)was lower at postoperative 1wk than that before operation, and began to return to the preoperative level at postoperative 1mo and 3mo. The posterior corneal power and total corneal power(flat keratometry, steep keratometry, mean keratometry)were higher at postoperative 1wk than before operation, and began to stabilize at postoperative 3mo. The anterior corneal astigmatism, posterior corneal astigmatism, and total corneal astigmatism were also higher at postoperative 1wk than before operation, and began to decrease and stabilize at postoperative 3mo. The anterior corneal power was significantly positively correlated with total corneal power; The posterior corneal power was significantly negatively correlated with the total corneal power, and was significantly positively correlated with its absolute value(<i>P</i><0.05). The total corneal astigmatism before operation and at postoperative 1wk and 3mo was significantly positively correlated with anterior corneal astigmatism at corresponding time points(<i>P</i><0.01), while showed no significant correlation with posterior corneal astigmatism.<p>CONCLUSION: Changes of posterior corneal power and astigmatism can be observed with 3mo of cataract surgery, and Pentacam three-dimensional anterior eye segment analyzer system can accurately assess the dynamic changes of anterior and posterior corneal power and astigmatism before and after operation, which is of great clinical value.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of checklist-based transitional care on patients relatives relocation stress in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.Methods:A total of 92 patients who undergoing cardiac surgery were assigned to experimental group ( n=46) and control group ( n=46). Patients in the control group received routine ICU transitional care, the experiment group carried out checklist-based ICU transitional care. The transfer time, time of early ambulation, length of hospitalization and incidence of postoperative complications were compared between two groups. Meanwhile, the relatives stress levels were assessed by family relocation stress scale. Results:The transfer time, time of early ambulation and post-intensive care syndrome rate were (11.80±3.58) min, (18.65±4.63) min and 4.35% (2/46) in the experimental group, significantly lower than those in the control group [(13.83±3.49)min, (21.37±4.97) min, 17.39% (8/46)], the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 2.739, 2.713, χ2 value was 3.866, P<0.05). After ICU transferring, the scores of preparation for relocation, family burden, satisfaction with the relocation process and total relocation stress were 21.11±2.57, 13.83±2.10, 7.57±1.11 and 7.57±1.11, significantly higher than in the control group (19.65±3.28, 19.65±3.28, 6.76±1.62, 46.43±4.11), the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 9.222-20.187, P<0.05). Conclusions:Checklist-based transitional care can reduce ICU transfer time, decrease postoperative pain and complications in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, which can also alleviate the levels of relatives relocation stress.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the high-efficiency and high-quality seedling raising method of <italic>Codonopsis pilosula</italic>. Method:In the main production area of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> in the Tanchang county,Gansu province,after the soil was fumigated with dazomet (containing 98% methylisothiocyanate), four varieties of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> seedlings were raised. The dynamic change in growth and differences in quality and yield of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> seedlings after emergence were regularly determined. Result:① The soil enzyme activity was first inhibited and then restored by soil fumigation,which increased the root length of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> seedlings by 9.8%. Besides, the field growth indexes such as plant height,plant width,stem length,stem diameter,number of branches,number of nodes,number of leaves, and fitted leaf area increased in varying degrees,and the plant height showed an "S"-shaped growth trend. "Gandang No.1" and "Gandang No.2" grew better than "Weidang No.1" and "Tanchang control". ② Fumigation reduced the incidence rate of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> root in the field by 4.9%,and the incidence rates of "Gandang No.1" and "Gandang No.2" were significantly lower than those of "Weidang No.1" and "Tanchang control". ③ Fumigation increased the total number of <italic>C. pilosula </italic>seedlings by 6.15×10<sup>5</sup> plants·hm<sup>-2</sup>,of which the number of primary seedlings increased by 45.3% and that of secondary seedlings increased by 42.2%. ④ Fumigation increased the seedling yield of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> by 42.4%. It showed the most significant effect on the yield of "Gandang No.2",which increased by 61.8%, and the weakest effect on the yield of "Gandang No.1",which increased by 15.4%. ⑤ Comprehensive analysis showed that the quality and yield of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> seedlings in the fumigation area were better than those in the non-fumigation area. Conclusion:The results showed that soil fumigation showed a promoting effect on the seedling yield of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> in spite of different effects achieved in terms of different varieties.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888614

ABSTRACT

High levels (> 100 ug/L) of arsenic are known to cause lung cancer; however, whether low (≤ 10 ug/L) and medium (10 to 100 ug/L) doses of arsenic will cause lung cancer or other lung diseases, and whether arsenic has dose-dependent or threshold effects, remains unknown. Summarizing the results of previous studies, we infer that low- and medium-concentration arsenic cause lung diseases in a dose-dependent manner. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is recognized as a chemotherapeutic drug for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), also having a significant effect on lung cancer. The anti-lung cancer mechanisms of ATO include inhibition of proliferation, promotion of apoptosis, anti-angiogenesis, and inhibition of tumor metastasis. In this review, we summarized the role of arsenic in lung disease from both pathogenic and therapeutic perspectives. Understanding the paradoxical effects of arsenic in the lungs may provide some ideas for further research on the occurrence and treatment of lung diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arsenic/toxicity , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Humans , Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mice
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1100-1108, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886980

ABSTRACT

The structure and diversity of the intestinal flora in rats exposed to high altitude hypoxia was investigated. Animal experiments strictly follow the regulations of Medical Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of Qinghai University, School of Medicine. SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a moderate altitude hypoxia group, and a high altitude hypoxia group. The pH value of the feces was measured and histopathological changes in the small intestine were determined by HE staining, and the intestinal flora were characterized by 16S rDNA high throughput sequencing technology on the 3rd, 7th, 15th, and 30th day of hypoxia exposure. Compared with the control group, the fecal pH value of rats in the moderate altitude hypoxia group and the high altitude hypoxia group was decreased significantly. The lamina propria and submucosa capillaries were slightly dilated and congested on the 3rd day in the moderate altitude hypoxia group. In the high altitude hypoxia group the submembrane capillaries were dilated and congested, the lamina propria of the mucosa showed mild edema, and the lymphatic vessels were dilated on the 7th day. The composition and diversity of intestinal flora in these rats changed significantly with prolonged exposure to the high altitude hypoxic environment. A total of 35 phyla, 87 classes, 205 orders, 337 families, 638 genera, and 256 species were annotated in the three groups of rats, including Firmicutes, Clostridia, Clostridiales, Ruminococcaceae, Akkermansia, and Lactobacillus_murinus. Compared with the control group, the intestinal flora of the hypoxic groups showed the most significant changes by the 15th day. There were 9 microbiota of gut microorganisms with relative abundance in the moderate altitude hypoxia group, of which Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group bacteria was the most common, there were 19 different microbiota of gut microorganisms with higher relative abundance in the high altitude hypoxia group, of which Ruminococcaceae bacteria was the most common. The results of this study indicate significant changes in the intestinal flora with high altitude hypoxia, and establish a foundation for further research on the initiation and development of diseases and drug metabolism in high altitude hypoxia.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between the expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1α (CPT1α) and progression of renal interstitial fibrosis and chronic kidney disease (CKD), and to evaluate the value of CPT1α as a biomarker in pathological diagnosis of renal interstitial fibrosis and CKD.Methods:As a retrospective cohort study, information of CKD patients dignosed with tubulointerstitial fibrosis by renal biopsy and receiving follow-up from March 1, 2010 to July 30, 2017 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were collected. Renal tissues were stained by immunohistochemistry to detect the expression of CPT1α protein and then divided into three groups according to the quartile of proportion of CPT1α positive staining cells, including group Q1(>67.89%), group Q2(49.84%-67.89%) and group Q3(<49.84%). The degree of renal interstitial fibrosis was measured by Masson staining and lipid deposition was represented by Bodipy staining. Messenger RNA of CPT1α and collagen as well as other extracellular matrix genes were detected by real time-PCR. Relationships between proportion of CPT1α positive staining cells and renal interstitial fibrosis and renal function were analyzed by linear regression analysis. The relationship between CPT1α positive cell number ratio and renal function progression was measured by Pearson correlation analysis and generalized linear model. The effect of lipid-lowering medicine on renal function of CKD patients was analyzed by paired comparative analysis.Results:Ninety patients with CKD were included in this study. Renal interstitial fibrosis and lipid droplets deposition area increased in Q2/Q3 group compared with Q1 group by Masson and Bodipy staining (all P<0.05). Messenger RNA level of extracellular matrix-related proteins increased in Q2/Q3 group by real time-PCR than those of Q1 group (all P<0.05). Linear regression analysis showed that fibrosis area was negatively correlated with the proportion of CPT1α positive staining cells ( r=-0.309, P<0.01). The baseline expression of CPT1α in renal issues was negatively related with serum creatinine (Scr) ( r=-2.801, P<0.001), positively related with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ( r=1.240, P<0.001). After a medium follow-up of 3.47 years, CPT1α positive cell number ratio was positively correlated with eGFR change rate by Pearson analysis ( r=0.220, P=0.038). Paired stratified analysis showed that taking lipid-lowering medicines attenuated the decrease of eGFR in Q2 group and Q3 group but not in Q1 group (both P<0.05). Conclusions:The decline of CPT1α in renal tissues of CKD patients is associated with the increase of Scr, the decrease of eGFR and renal interstitial fibrosis. CPT1α is a promising molecular marker to evaluate the degree of renal fibrosis and the progression of CKD.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911922

ABSTRACT

Human milk is the optimal food for infants. We described the history of human milk research both in China and abroad, the gap between domestic and international research, and the future direction in this area. Human milk needs to be studied as a biological system in the future. Reference values for human milk components of Chinese healthy mother-infant dyad should be established. Factors associated with human milk components variations and relationships between human milk components and maternal and child health also need to be investigated to achieve the best nutrition and health status for mother and child pairs.

20.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1202-1205, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) after craniotomy.Methods:This was a single-center retrospective cohort study.The patients who underwent craniotomy in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University from December 2019 to May 2020 were enrolled.The occurrence of CPSP, anxiety, depression and quality of life were determined by telephone follow-up with Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire-2, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item, a five-level EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire.The patients were divided into CPSP group ( n=106) and non-CPSP group ( n=252) according to the results of investigation.Then univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the risk factors for CPSP. Results:There was significant difference in age, a history of preoperative pain, a history of alcohol addiction, transoccipital approach and degree of lesion resection between the two groups ( P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥ 60 yr was a protective factor for CPSP after craniotomy; a history of preoperative pain ≥3 months, a history of alcohol addiction, transoccipital approach and partial resection of the lesion were independent risk factors for CPSP after craniotomy. Conclusion:Age≥60 yr is a protective factor for CPSP after craniotomy; a history of preoperative pain (≥3 months), a history of alcohol addiction, transoccipital approach and partial resection of the lesion are independent risk factors for CPSP after craniotomy.

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