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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 876-880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876017

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate dynamic changes of posterior corneal power and astigmatism after cataract surgery based on Pentacam three-dimensional anterior eye segment analyzer.<p>METHODS: Totally 96 elderly patients(116 eyes)with cataract underwent phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation in our hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 were selected. Parameters including anterior corneal power, posterior corneal power, flat keratometry, steep keratometry, mean keratometry, anterior corneal astigmatism, posterior corneal astigmatism, and total corneal astigmatism were obtained using Pentacam three-dimensional anterior eye segment analyzer system at postoperative 1wk, 1mo and 3mo. Spearan correlation analysis was performed on the anterior segment. <p>RESULTS: The anterior corneal power(flat keratometry, steep keratometry, mean keratometry)was lower at postoperative 1wk than that before operation, and began to return to the preoperative level at postoperative 1mo and 3mo. The posterior corneal power and total corneal power(flat keratometry, steep keratometry, mean keratometry)were higher at postoperative 1wk than before operation, and began to stabilize at postoperative 3mo. The anterior corneal astigmatism, posterior corneal astigmatism, and total corneal astigmatism were also higher at postoperative 1wk than before operation, and began to decrease and stabilize at postoperative 3mo. The anterior corneal power was significantly positively correlated with total corneal power; The posterior corneal power was significantly negatively correlated with the total corneal power, and was significantly positively correlated with its absolute value(<i>P</i><0.05). The total corneal astigmatism before operation and at postoperative 1wk and 3mo was significantly positively correlated with anterior corneal astigmatism at corresponding time points(<i>P</i><0.01), while showed no significant correlation with posterior corneal astigmatism.<p>CONCLUSION: Changes of posterior corneal power and astigmatism can be observed with 3mo of cataract surgery, and Pentacam three-dimensional anterior eye segment analyzer system can accurately assess the dynamic changes of anterior and posterior corneal power and astigmatism before and after operation, which is of great clinical value.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between the expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1α (CPT1α) and progression of renal interstitial fibrosis and chronic kidney disease (CKD), and to evaluate the value of CPT1α as a biomarker in pathological diagnosis of renal interstitial fibrosis and CKD.Methods:As a retrospective cohort study, information of CKD patients dignosed with tubulointerstitial fibrosis by renal biopsy and receiving follow-up from March 1, 2010 to July 30, 2017 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were collected. Renal tissues were stained by immunohistochemistry to detect the expression of CPT1α protein and then divided into three groups according to the quartile of proportion of CPT1α positive staining cells, including group Q1(>67.89%), group Q2(49.84%-67.89%) and group Q3(<49.84%). The degree of renal interstitial fibrosis was measured by Masson staining and lipid deposition was represented by Bodipy staining. Messenger RNA of CPT1α and collagen as well as other extracellular matrix genes were detected by real time-PCR. Relationships between proportion of CPT1α positive staining cells and renal interstitial fibrosis and renal function were analyzed by linear regression analysis. The relationship between CPT1α positive cell number ratio and renal function progression was measured by Pearson correlation analysis and generalized linear model. The effect of lipid-lowering medicine on renal function of CKD patients was analyzed by paired comparative analysis.Results:Ninety patients with CKD were included in this study. Renal interstitial fibrosis and lipid droplets deposition area increased in Q2/Q3 group compared with Q1 group by Masson and Bodipy staining (all P<0.05). Messenger RNA level of extracellular matrix-related proteins increased in Q2/Q3 group by real time-PCR than those of Q1 group (all P<0.05). Linear regression analysis showed that fibrosis area was negatively correlated with the proportion of CPT1α positive staining cells ( r=-0.309, P<0.01). The baseline expression of CPT1α in renal issues was negatively related with serum creatinine (Scr) ( r=-2.801, P<0.001), positively related with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ( r=1.240, P<0.001). After a medium follow-up of 3.47 years, CPT1α positive cell number ratio was positively correlated with eGFR change rate by Pearson analysis ( r=0.220, P=0.038). Paired stratified analysis showed that taking lipid-lowering medicines attenuated the decrease of eGFR in Q2 group and Q3 group but not in Q1 group (both P<0.05). Conclusions:The decline of CPT1α in renal tissues of CKD patients is associated with the increase of Scr, the decrease of eGFR and renal interstitial fibrosis. CPT1α is a promising molecular marker to evaluate the degree of renal fibrosis and the progression of CKD.

3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 39-56, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880896

ABSTRACT

Gene expression labeling and conditional manipulation of gene function are important for elaborate dissection of gene function. However, contemporary generation of pairwise dual-function knockin alleles to achieve both conditional and geno-tagging effects with a single donor has not been reported. Here we first developed a strategy based on a flipping donor named FoRe to generate conditional knockout alleles coupled with fluorescent allele-labeling through NHEJ-mediated unidirectional targeted insertion in zebrafish facilitated by the CRISPR/Cas system. We demonstrated the feasibility of this strategy at sox10 and isl1 loci, and successfully achieved Cre-induced conditional knockout of target gene function and simultaneous switch of the fluorescent reporter, allowing generation of genetic mosaics for lineage tracing. We then improved the donor design enabling efficient one-step bidirectional knockin to generate paired positive and negative conditional alleles, both tagged with two different fluorescent reporters. By introducing Cre recombinase, these alleles could be used to achieve both conditional knockout and conditional gene restoration in parallel; furthermore, differential fluorescent labeling of the positive and negative alleles enables simple, early and efficient real-time discrimination of individual live embryos bearing different genotypes prior to the emergence of morphologically visible phenotypes. We named our improved donor as Bi-FoRe and demonstrated its feasibility at the sox10 locus. Furthermore, we eliminated the undesirable bacterial backbone in the donor using minicircle DNA technology. Our system could easily be expanded for other applications or to other organisms, and coupling fluorescent labeling of gene expression and conditional manipulation of gene function will provide unique opportunities to fully reveal the power of emerging single-cell sequencing technologies.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems , DNA End-Joining Repair , DNA, Circular/metabolism , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Gene Editing/methods , Gene Knock-In Techniques , Gene Knockout Techniques , Genes, Reporter , Genetic Loci , Genotyping Techniques , Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism , Integrases/metabolism , Luminescent Proteins/metabolism , Mutagenesis, Insertional , Single-Cell Analysis , Zebrafish/metabolism
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1199-1208, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#For patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), many variables have been demonstrated to be associated with leukemia relapse. In this study, we attempted to establish a risk score system to predict transplant outcomes more precisely in patients with B-ALL after allo-SCT.@*METHODS@#A total of 477 patients with B-ALL who underwent allo-SCT at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2010 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with transplant outcomes after allo-SCT, and establish a risk score to identify patients with different probabilities of relapse. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with the Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent variables.@*RESULTS@#All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 95.4% of patients achieved platelet engraftment. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and non-relapse mortality were 20.7%, 70.4%, 65.6%, and 13.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with positive post-transplantation minimal residual disease (MRD), transplanted beyond the first complete remission (≥CR2), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) had higher CIR (P  < 0.001, P = 0.004, and P  < 0.001, respectively) and worse LFS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.017, and P  < 0.001, respectively), and OS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.009, and P  < 0.001, respectively) than patients without MRD after transplantation, transplanted in CR1, and with cGVHD. A risk score for predicting relapse was formulated with the three above variables. The 5-year relapse rates were 6.3%, 16.6%, 55.9%, and 81.8% for patients with scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3 (P  < 0.001), respectively, while the 5-year LFS and OS values decreased with increasing risk score.@*CONCLUSION@#This new risk score system might stratify patients with different risks of relapse, which could guide treatment.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation
5.
Biol. Res ; 53: 20, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The role of interleukin family in colon cancer remained controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between interleukin family and colon cancer progression through bioinformatics methods and to validate such association in clinical patients. METHODS: A total of 15 differentially expressed interleukins between the colon cancer tissue and normal colon tissue were evaluated from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database with R software and only interleukin-7 (IL-7) was significantly associated with survival. The signaling pathway associated with IL-7 was then investigated using gene enrichment analysis. In addition, subsets of TNM were analyzed in detail and univariate and multivariate COX regression analysis were conducted. Finally, we performed western blotting, immunohistochemistry, cell proliferation and cell apoptosis analysis to examine the expression of IL-7 in patients with intestinal cancer. RESULTS: The study demonstrated that IL-7 could inhibit the progression of colon cancer. In addition, IL-7 was found to be associated with overall survival (OS) and pathological stage. Further analysis of IL-7 expression with clinical data indicated that IL-7 was a key factor in inhibiting colon cancer progression. CONCLUSION: IL-7 was a key factor in inhibiting the progression of colon cancer and was closely related to overall survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Interleukin-7/metabolism , Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis , Disease Progression , Computational Biology , Cell Proliferation , Flow Cytometry , Neoplasm Staging
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799092

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To prepare a novel magnetic heating phasetransition nanoparticle contrast agent (PFH-HIONS), and to study its performance on enhancing photoacoustic imaging, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound imaging after phasetransition by magnetic-thermo in vitro.@*Methods@#Firstly, the superparamagnetic nano hollow iron spheres (HIONS) were prepared by a one-pot solvothermal method, and then the phasetransition liquid perfluorocarbon (PFH) was loaded on the HIONS by vacuum adsorption to obtain PFH-HIONS. After characterization of the nanoparticles, photoacoustic imaging, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound imaging after phasetransition with magnetic-thermo were performed in vitro, and the results were analyzed by a software.@*Results@#PFH-HIONS was successfully prepared with uniform particle size of (537.3±24.8)nm. PFH-HIONS could apparently enhance photoacoustic imaging and magnetic resonance imaging in vitro. In an alternating magnetic field, it could significantly increase the temperature, which promotes phasetransion of the PFH to produce microbubbles, thereby enhancing ultrasound imaging. Furthermore, as the concentration increased, the imaging intensity was enhanced, and the differences in imaging intensity between different concentration groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The PFH-HIONS can enhance the multimodal imaging including ultrasound, photoacoustic and magnetic resonance, and it also has obvious magnetic heating performance. It provides a new and efficient research platform for theranostics based on molecular imaging, therefore it has promising application prospects.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2037-2053, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881098

ABSTRACT

As one of the most serious threats to human being, cancer is hard to be treated when metastasis happens. What's worse, there are few identified targets of metastasis for drug development. Therefore, it is important to develop strategies to prevent metastasis or treat existed metastasis. This review focuses on the procedure of metastasis, and first summarizes the targeting delivery strategies, including primary tumor targeting drug delivery, tumor metastasis targeting drug delivery and hijacking circulation cells. Then, as a promising treatment, the application of immunotherapy in tumor metastasis treatment is introduced, and strategies that stimulating immune response are reviewed, including chemotherapy, photothermal therapy, photodynamic therapy, ferroptosis, sonodynamic therapy, and nanovaccines. Finally, the challenges and perspective about nanoparticle-enabled tumor metastasis treatment are discussed.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845170

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a vitamin K1(VK1)-delivery system with red blood cells as carrier. Methods: The VK1 self-emulsifying nano-emulsion, micelle and plasma solution were prepared to investigate the VK1 loading on red blood cells. The VK1- chitosan(CS)nanoparticles were prepared with different particle size by the 3 different preparation methods, and the effect of the particle size and charge property on the VK1-loading on red blood cells was investigated with the prepared VK1-CS nanoparticles. The encapsulation efficiency and drug loading were used as main indicators to investigate the appropriate drug loading method. Results: Due to the solubility of VK1 or the charge properties of nanoparticles, the drug loading and encapsulation efficiency of the red blood cell-encapsulated VK1 were quite low, and a large amount of drugs could not be loaded on the red blood cells. The ability of red blood cells to load VK1 was likely related to its Zeta potential. The VK1-CS nanoparticles prepared by the ion condensation method showed a good drug loading performance. Each milliliter of red blood cells could load 174.46 μg VK1 in the nanoparticles, and the loading rate was 85.11%. Conclusion: The VK1 loading by the red blood cells could be achieved by the electrostatic interaction between the positively charged chitosan nanoparticles and the negatively charged erythrocyte membrane.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1094-1105, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828821

ABSTRACT

In order to better evaluate the transport effect of nanoparticles through the nasal mucosa, an nasal cavity-mimic model was designed based on M cells. The differentiation of M cells was induced by co-culture of Calu-3 and Raji cells in invert model. The ZO-1 protein staining and the transport of fluorescein sodium and dexamethasone showed that the inverted co-culture model formed a dense monolayer and possessed the transport ability. The differentiation of M cells was observed by up-regulated expression of Sialyl Lewis A antigen (SLAA) and integrin 1, and down-regulated activity of alkaline phosphatase. After targeting M cells with iRGD peptide (cRGDKGPDC), the transport of nanoparticles increased. , the co-administration of iRGD could result in the increase of nanoparticles transported to the brain through the nasal cavity after intranasal administration. In the evaluation of immune effect , the nasal administration of OVA-PLGA/iRGD led to more release of IgG, IFN-, IL-2 and secretory IgA (sIgA) compared with OVA@PLGA group. Collectively, the study constructed M cell model, and proved the enhanced effect of targeting towards M cell with iRGD on improving nasal immunity.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823419

ABSTRACT

@#Objective 聽 聽To investigate the influence of mechanical and biological valves on clinical benefits of elderly patients with valvular heart disease. Methods 聽 聽We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 280 elderly patients with valvular heart disease treated by valve replacement between 2008 and 2014 year. The patients were divided into two groups by tendency score matching including a group A with biological valves and a group B with mechanical valves. Finally, there were 96 patients in each group. There were 43 males and 53 females at age of 64.41卤6.52 years in the group A, 44 males and 52 females at age of 64.07卤6.20 years in the group B. Results 聽 聽The bleeding rate of skin and mucosa of the group B was significantly higher than that of the group A (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in mortality within 30 days after operation, all-cause mortality, re-hospitalization rate, re-valve replacement rate, combined atrial flutter/atrial fibrillation ratio, drug use, incidence of cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, new peripheral vascular embolism and visceral hemorrhage, heart function (NYHA) classification, the cumulative survival rate of all the patients during follow-up (P=0.63), or the cumulative survival rate of the patients with no thrombus/hemorrhage (P=0.75) between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion 聽 聽Mechanical valve replacement and bioprosthetic valve replacement in the treatment of valvular heart disease in the elderly can achieve similar clinical benefits and both have clinical application value.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 760-764, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822598

ABSTRACT

Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Although the comprehensive control of cardiovascular disease risk factors has achieved remarkable progress in recent years, the incidence of cardiovascular events is still high after the control of traditional risk factors such as low density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood pressure and blood glucose, collectively referred to as cardiovascular residual risk. Inflammation is a central driver of atherosclerosis and the ultimate rupture of plaque, as well as an important cause of residual cardiovascular risk. Therefore, this article reviews the formation, assessment and treatment of residual inflammatory cardiovascular risk.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822553

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the effects of PKD1 gene on mouse aortic smooth muscle (MOVAS) cells autophagy. Methods    The shRNA and over-expression lentiviral vectors for the target gene of PKD1 were constructed. MOVAS cells were infected by a number of successful packaging shRNA (PKD1 knockdown) or ETS-1 (PKD1 over-expressing) lentiviral vectors, and qPCR was used to test interference and over-expressing effects. Then qPCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expression levels of autophagy markers including Atg5, Beclin1 and LC3 in control group, shPKD1 group and ETS-1 group. Results    Compared with the control group, PKD1 mRNA level was decreased in the shPKD1 group (P<0.05); ETS-1 and PKD1 mRNA levels were increased in the ETS-1 group (P<0.05). In contrast with the control group, the mRNA levels of autophagy markers including Atg5 (P<0.05) and Beclin1 (P<0.01) were obviously decreased in the shPKD1 group, but they were obviously increased in the ETS-1 group (P<0.001). Protein levels of Atg5, Beclin1 and LC3 were significantly decreased in the shPKD1 group (P<0.05), but they were increased obviously in the ETS-1 group (P<0.05) in contrast with the control group. Conclusion    PKD1 gene is involved in MOVAS cells autophagy, low expression of PKD1 gene can inhibit autophagy and high expression of PKD1 promotes autophagy in vascular smooth muscle cells.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878349

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a vaccine based on latent membrane protein 2 (LMP2) modified dendritic cells (DCs) that boosts specific responses of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) to LMP2 before and after intradermal injection in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).@*Methods@#DCs were derived from peripheral blood monocytes of patients with NPC. We prepared LMP2-DCs infected by recombinant adenovirus vector expressing LMP2 (rAd-LMP2). NPC patients were immunized with 2 × 10 @*Results@#We demonstrated that DCs derived from monocytes displayed typical DC morphologies; the expression of LMP2 in the LMP2-DCs vaccine was confirmed by immunocytochemical assay. Twenty-nine patients with NPC were enrolled in this clinical trial. The LMP2-DCs vaccine was well tolerated in all of the patients. Boosted responses to LMP2 peptide sub-pools were observed in 18 of the 29 patients with NPC. The follow-up data of 29 immunized patients from April, 2010 to April 2015 indicated a five-year survival rate of 94.4% in responders and 45.5% in non-responders.@*Conclusion@#In this pilot study, we demonstrated that the LMP2-DCs vaccine is safe and effective in patients with NPC. Specific CTLs responses to LMP2 play a certain role in controlling and preventing the recurrence and metastasis of NPC, which warrants further clinical testing.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cancer Vaccines/therapeutic use , China , Dendritic Cells/immunology , Female , Humans , Immunotherapy/methods , Injections, Intradermal , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/therapy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/therapy , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology , Viral Matrix Proteins/therapeutic use , Young Adult
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2808-2815, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877936

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lipid abnormalities are prevalent among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH) and contribute to increasing risk of cardiovascular events. This study aims to investigate the incidence of dyslipidemia and its risk factors in PLWH after receiving different first-line free antiretroviral regimens.@*METHODS@#PLWH who sought care at the Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen from January 2014 to December 2018 were included, and the baseline characteristics and clinical data during the follow-up were collected, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The risk factors of dyslipidemia after antiretroviral therapy were analyzed with the generalized estimating equation model.@*RESULTS@#Among the 7623 PLWH included, the mean levels of TC, HDL-C and LDL-C were 4.23 ± 0.85 mmol/L, 1.27 ± 0.29 mmol/L and 2.54 ± 0.65 mmol/L, respectively, and the median TG was 1.17 (IQR: 0.85-1.68) mmol/L. Compared with that in PLWH receiving tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) + lamivudine (3TC) + ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r), zidovudine (AZT) + 3TC + efavirenz (EFV), and AZT + 3TC + LPV/r, the incidence of dyslipidemia was lower in PLWH receiving TDF + 3TC + EFV. In multivariate analysis, we found that the risks of elevations of TG, TC, and LDL-C were higher with TDF + 3TC + LPV/r (TG: odds ratio [OR] = 2.82, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.55-3.11, P < 0.001; TC: OR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.14-1.35, P < 0.001; LDL: OR = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.00-1.12, P = 0.041), AZT + 3TC + EFV (TG: OR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.28-1.55, P < 0.001; TC: OR = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.31-1.56, P < 0.001; LDL: OR = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.12-1.25, P < 0.001), and AZT + 3TC + LPV/r (TG: OR = 3.08, 95% CI: 2.65-3.59, P < 0.001; TC: OR = 2.40, 95% CI: 1.96-2.94, P < 0.001; LDL: OR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.37-1.69, P < 0.001) than with TDF + 3TC + EFV, while treatment with TDF + 3TC + LPV/r was less likely to restore HDL-C levels compared with TDF + 3TC + EFV (OR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.92-0.97, P < 0.001). In addition to antiretroviral regimens, antiretroviral therapy duration, older age, overweight, obesity and other traditional factors were also important risk factors for dyslipidemia.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of dyslipidemia varies with different antiretroviral regimens, with TDF + 3TC + EFV having lower risk for dyslipidemia than the other first-line free antiretroviral regimens in China.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , China/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , HIV , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Humans , Lamivudine/therapeutic use , Lipids , Risk Factors
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 439-447, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877917

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Texture analysis (TA) can quantify intra-tumor heterogeneity using standard medical images. The present study aimed to assess the application of positron emission tomography (PET) TA in the differential diagnosis of gastric cancer and gastric lymphoma.@*METHODS@#The pre-treatment PET images of 79 patients (45 gastric cancer, 34 gastric lymphoma) between January 2013 and February 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Standard uptake values (SUVs), first-order texture features, and second-order texture features of the grey-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) were analyzed. The differences in features among different groups were analyzed by the two-way Mann-Whitney test, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to estimate the diagnostic efficacy.@*RESULTS@#InertiaGLCM was significantly lower in gastric cancer than that in gastric lymphoma (4975.61 vs. 11,425.30, z = -3.238, P = 0.001), and it was found to be the most discriminating texture feature in differentiating gastric lymphoma and gastric cancer. The area under the curve (AUC) of inertiaGLCM was higher than the AUCs of SUVmax and SUVmean (0.714 vs. 0.649 and 0.666, respectively). SUVmax and SUVmean were significantly lower in low-grade gastric lymphoma than those in high grade gastric lymphoma (3.30 vs. 11.80, 2.40 vs. 7.50, z = -2.792 and -3.007, P = 0.005 and 0.003, respectively). SUVs and first-order grey-level intensity features were not significantly different between low-grade gastric lymphoma and gastric cancer. EntropyGLCM12 was significantly lower in low-grade gastric lymphoma than that in gastric cancer (6.95 vs. 9.14, z = -2.542, P = 0.011) and had an AUC of 0.770 in the ROC analysis of differentiating low-grade gastric lymphoma and gastric cancer.@*CONCLUSIONS@#InertiaGLCM and entropyGLCM were the most discriminating features in differentiating gastric lymphoma from gastric cancer and low-grade gastric lymphoma from gastric cancer, respectively. PET TA can improve the differential diagnosis of gastric neoplasms, especially in tumors with similar degrees of fluorodeoxyglucose uptake.


Subject(s)
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography , ROC Curve , Radiopharmaceuticals , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the clinical efficacy of Xintong oral liquid on heart failure with syndrome of Qi deficiency, phlegm and blood stasis caused by acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the effect on inflammatory factors. Method:One hundred patients were randomly divided into observation group (50 cases) and control group (50 cases) by random number table. Both groups got comprehensive treatment of western medicine. Patients in control group got simulated medicine of Xintong oral liquid, 20 mL/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group got Xintong oral liquid, 20 mL/time, 3 times/day. The treatment lasted for 4 weeks. Before the treatment, and at the second week and forth week after treatment, levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), cardiac troponin T (cTnT), heart type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), cardiac output (CO), cardiac output per stroke (SV) and left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDd), N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), lipoprotein phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected. The 6-minute walking test was performed to record the 6-minute walking distance and the ratio of 6 min walking distance to estimated value. Scores of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes, minnesota Heart Failure quality of life questionnaire (MLHFQ) and Killip classification of cardiac function were recorded. During the 2 months' follow-up, adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were recorded, and the safety was evaluated. Result:At the second and fourth week, levels of cTnI, cTnT, H-FABP, NT-proBNP, Lp-PLA2, hs-CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), and levels of LVEF, CO and SV were higher than those in control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). NT-proBNP was lower than control group (P<0.01). The 6-minute walking distance and the ratio of 6-minute walking distance to estimated value were all more than those in control group (P<0.01). Scores of TCM syndrome integral, MLHFQ, Killip heart function grading were lower than those in control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Cumulative incidence of MACE was 12.0% (6/50), which was lower than 28.0% (14/50) in control group (χ2=4.251, P<0.05). Levels of Lp-PLA2, hs-CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α in observation group were lower those in control group (P<0.01).And there was no adverse reactions related to Xintong oral liquid. Conclusion:Based on the comprehensive treatment of Western medicine, Xintong oral liquid can reduce the degree of myocardial injury, protect myocardium, improve cardiac function, reduce inflammatory reaction, reduce the occurrence of mace, effectively control clinical symptoms, and improve exercise tolerance and quality of life.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872367

ABSTRACT

Under the background of deepening the medical and health system reform, it is necessary to explore the measures of fine and rational drug use management and strengthen the rational drug use. Through giving full play to the management functions of pharmacy administration and pharmacotherapeutics committee, formulating the performance evaluation index system of pharmacy affairs in the hospital, adhering to the prescription doctor′s advice review and prescription pre audit, continuing to carry out drug dynamic monitoring, implementing standardized-path antimicrobial drug management, the hospital implemented refined and rational drug use management. Before and after the management, the average drug cost, prescription unqualified rate, auxiliary drug amount and antibacterial drugs related indicators were significantly improved, suggesting that fine pharmacy management could promote the rational use of drugs in the whole hospital, promote the transformation of pharmacists′ work, and control the unreasonable growth of drug costs.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872034

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the frequencies, citations and distribution characteristics of publications published by Chinese scholars in four leading general medical journals in last decade.Methods:The Thomson-Reuter’s Web of Science (WoS) database was searched to retrieve publications published by Chinese scholars in NEJM, Lancet, JAMA and BMJ, and document type was set to Article, Editorial Material, Review and Letter between 2009 and 2018. The frequencies and characteristics of total and first author publications were analyzed. Results:A total number of 1 357 publications were identified, among which first author publications accounted for 62.64% (850/1 357). Overall trends presented fluctuating growth from 72 publications in 2009 to 97 in 2018. Among these 850 publications, there were 131 Articles (15.4%), 210 Editorial Materials (24.7%), 22 Reviews (2.6%) and 487 Letters (57.3%). The three most productive regions included Beijing (224), Hong Kong (133) and Shanghai (101). The three most productive institutions were the Chinese University of Hong Kong (64), Peking Union Medical College/Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (54) and Peking University (50). In terms of publications supported by funds, the most common fund was National Natural Science Foundation of China, which accounted for 24.7% (44/178). China had a close cooperation with the USA, UK, Australia, Canada and Japan.Conclusions:Currently available study demonstrated that publications published by Chinese scholars in four leading general medical journals had a stable growth during last decade. However, the total amount of publications and Articles were still low. For future work, the frequency and strength should be potentiated on the research fund and cooperation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871302

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify a two-component signaling system (TCSS) composed of β-lactam antibiotic resistance-associated intracellular CiaR and transmembrane serine/threonine kinase StkP of Streptococcus pneumoniae ( S. pneumoniae). Methods:The intracellular segment of stkP gene (IC- stkP) was amplified by PCR and the PCR product was sequenced after T-A cloning. A prokaryotic expression system for IC- stkP segment was established. SDS-PAGE was used to detect the expression of the target recombinant proteins (rIC-StkP and rCiaR) by the established prokaryotic expression system and a previously established prokaryotic expression system for ciaR gene. Ni-NTA affinity chromatography was used to purify the recombinant proteins. The rIC-StkP-captured target proteins of S. pneumoniae were identified by LC-MS/MS after Co-IP. The ability of rCiaR to bind to rIC-StkP was detected by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). Results:The established prokaryotic expression system for IC- stkP segment could effectively express rIC-StkP. Both rIC-StkP and rCiaR after purification showed a single protein band on SDS-PAGE. CiaR could be specifically co-precipitated with rIC-StkP. Three extracted cleaved peptides were found in CiaR molecule with exactly matched sequences. SPR and ITC showed that rCiaR could strongly bind to rIC-StkP with high affinity and the KD values were 1.526×10 -9 mol/L and 1.980×10 -6 mol/L, respectively. Conclusions:S. pneumoniae CiaR could act as the downstream response regulatory protein of StkP kinase to compose StkP/CiaR TCSS.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867977

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare a novel magnetic heating phasetransition nanoparticle contrast agent (PFH-HIONS), and to study its performance on enhancing photoacoustic imaging, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound imaging after phasetransition by magnetic-thermo in vitro. Methods:Firstly, the superparamagnetic nano hollow iron spheres (HIONS) were prepared by a one-pot solvothermal method, and then the phasetransition liquid perfluorocarbon (PFH) was loaded on the HIONS by vacuum adsorption to obtain PFH-HIONS. After characterization of the nanoparticles, photoacoustic imaging, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound imaging after phasetransition with magnetic-thermo were performed in vitro, and the results were analyzed by a software.Results:PFH-HIONS was successfully prepared with uniform particle size of (537.3±24.8)nm. PFH-HIONS could apparently enhance photoacoustic imaging and magnetic resonance imaging in vitro. In an alternating magnetic field, it could significantly increase the temperature, which promotes phasetransion of the PFH to produce microbubbles, thereby enhancing ultrasound imaging. Furthermore, as the concentration increased, the imaging intensity was enhanced, and the differences in imaging intensity between different concentration groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The PFH-HIONS can enhance the multimodal imaging including ultrasound, photoacoustic and magnetic resonance, and it also has obvious magnetic heating performance. It provides a new and efficient research platform for theranostics based on molecular imaging, therefore it has promising application prospects.

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