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1.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 128-134, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013473

ABSTRACT

@#目的:通过向C57Bl/6J小鼠腹腔注射IFN-γ腺病毒(Ad-mIFN-γ)建立细胞因子释放综合征(CRS)的动物模型。方法:构建Ad-mIFN-γ及对照Ad-lacZ腺病毒载体,分别以MOI=100体外转染小鼠腹腔巨噬细胞,流式细胞术检测其对细胞mIFN-γ分泌的影响。将40只雌性C57Bl/6J小鼠按随机数字表法分为对照组、载体对照组、病毒低、中、高剂量组(每组8只),分别向各组小鼠腹腔注射PBS(200 μL)、Ad-lacZ(2×107 PFU/只)、Ad-mIFN-γ(5×106 PFU/只)、Ad-mIFN-γ(1.5×107 PFU/只)和Ad-mIFN-γ(2×107 PFU /只)。每日观测小鼠的体质量及生存情况;第3天时采用流式细胞术检测小鼠外周血和脾内单核细胞(CD11b+)、巨噬细胞(CD11b+/CD86+)比例,免疫荧光染色法检测脾内CD11b+的单核细胞比例;第9天时采用流式细胞术检测小鼠血清中细胞因子的分泌水平;第14天,采用颈椎脱臼法处死小鼠,H-E染色法观察小鼠肝、脾、肺和肾的病理和组织学变化。结果: Ad-mIFN-γ体外感染小鼠腹腔巨噬细胞,在第3天检测到巨噬细胞分泌mIFN-γ达到峰值(118.34±2.90)pg/mL,并在一周内持续高分泌mIFN-γ,Ad-lacZ对照组IFN-γ分泌水平较低后,第3天时为(0.17±0.08)pg/mL。小鼠腹腔注射Ad-mIFN-γ后,在14 d内病毒低、中剂量组无小鼠死亡,病毒高剂量组小鼠体质量持续减轻(P<0.001);第3天,病毒高剂量组小鼠外周血和脾组织内单核细胞、巨噬细胞比例较对照组和中剂量组均显著增加(P<0.05或P<0.01);第9天,病毒低、中、高剂量组小鼠血清中mIFN-γ、IL-6、单核细胞趋化蛋白-1(MCP-1)、IL-1、TNF-α等细胞因子的水平均显著升高(P<0.001);10 d内病毒高剂量组小鼠死亡率达100%。组织病理检测可见病毒高剂量组小鼠的肝、脾、肺、肾组织有明显损伤。结论: Ad-mIFN-γ体外感染小鼠原代腹腔巨噬细胞后,可以快速分泌mIFN-γ;腹腔注射高剂量(2×107 PFU/只)Ad-mIFN-γ导致小鼠出现CRS典型表现,可作为CAR-T细胞治疗诱发CRS的动物模型。

2.
Braz. j. anesth ; 74(2): 744461, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This trial aimed to identify the Minimum Effective Concentration (MEC90, defined as the concentration which can provide successful block in 90% of patients) of 30 mL ropivacaine for single-shot ultrasound-guided transmuscular Quadratus Lumborum Block (QLB) in patients undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). Methods: A double-blind, randomized dose-finding study using the biased coin design up-and-down sequential method, where the concentration of local anesthetic administered to each patient depended on the response from the previous one. Block success was defined as a Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) score during motion ≤ 3 at 6 hours after arrival in the ward. If the block was successful, the next subject received either a 0.025% smaller dose (probability of 0.11) or the same dose (probability of 0.89); otherwise, the next subject received a 0.025% higher ropivacaine concentration. MEC90, MEC95 and MEC99 were estimated by isotonic regression, and the corresponding 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CIs) were calculated by the bootstrapping method. Results: Based on the analysis of 52 patients, MEC90, MEC95, and MEC99 of ropivacaine for QLB were estimated to be 0.352% (95% CI 0.334-0.372%), 0.363% (95% CI 0.351-0.383%), and 0.373% (95% CI 0.363-0.386%). The concentration of ropivacaine at 0.352% in a volume of 30 ml can provide a successful block in 90% of patients. Conclusions: For ultrasound-guided transmuscular QLB in patients undergoing THA, 0.352% ropivacaine in a volume of 30 ml can provide a successful block in 90% of patients. Further dose-finding studies and large sample size are required to verify the concentration.

3.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 764-768, Nov.Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520391

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Propofol is a widely used anesthetic and its dose is closely related to aging. Telomere length (TL) is a unique heritable trait, and emerging as a biomarker of aging, health and disease. Telomerase RNA component (TERC) plays an important role in maintaining TL. We proposed a hypothesis that propofol dose in general anesthesia can be predicted by measuring TL before operation, which greatly reduced the risk of anesthesia, especially the elderly. Methods: The association between the propofol dose in anesthesia induction and: TL in the DNA of peripheral blood leukocytes; body weight; sex; difference of the Bispectral Index (BIS) before and after anesthesia induction in patients was evaluated by multivariable linear regression analyses. The mutation at the 5'end or 3'end of TERC was detected. We recruited 100 patients of elective surgery. Results: We found that propofol dose in anesthesia induction was clearly correlated significantly with TL (r = 0.78, p < 0.001), body weight (r = 0.84, p = 0.004), sex (r = 0.83, p= 0.84, p = 0.004), sex (r = 0.83, p = 0.004), and difference of BIS before and after anesthesia induction (r = 0.85, p = 0.029). By comparing the absolute values of standardized regression coefficients (0.58, 0.21, 0.19, and 0.12) of the four variables, it can be seen that TL contributes the most to the propofol dose in anesthesia induction. However, the mutation at the 5' end or 3' end of TERC was not found. Conclusions: These findings provide preliminary evidence that the propofol dose in anesthesia induction was clearly correlated with genetically determined TL. TL may be a promising predictor of the propofol dose, which is beneficial to improve the safety of anesthesia and reduce perioperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Propofol/pharmacology , Body Weight , DNA , Telomere , Anesthetics, Intravenous/pharmacology , Electroencephalography , Anesthesia, General , Leukocytes
4.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 811-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005146

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To investigate the clinical types of children's tinea capitis and the distribution of fungal pathogens in Wuhan from 2011 to 2020, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of children's tinea capitis. Methods Laboratory data of children with tinea capitis in outpatient and inpatient department of dermatology in Wuhan No.1 Hospital from January 2011 to December 2020 were collected. A total of 542 cases of pediatric tinea capitis were included, with 239 male cases and 303 female cases. Microscopic examination of fungi and culture identification were performed on the affected skin lesions of the children. Chi-square test was used to analyze the differences in pathogen spectrum of children with different age groups and clinical type. Results Among the pediatric tinea capitis patients, the age group with the highest prevalence was preschool children(3 to <7 years old), accounting for 48.52%(263/542). The top three pathogenic fungi were Trichophytes violaceum(49.26%, 267/542), Microsporum canis(31.55%, 171/542) and Trichophyton mentagrophytes (9.96%, 54/542). Trichophyton violaceum was the main pathogen in all ages, followed by Microsporum canis. The infection rate of Microsporum canis in children over 7 years old was lower than that in children under 7 years old, and the infection rate of Trichophyton rubrum in infants was higher than that in other ages. The distribution of Trichophytes violaceum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Nannizzia gypseum and Microsporum ferrugineum was uniform in all age groups. Trichophytes violaceum and Trichophyton tousurans mainly caused black-dot ringworm, Microsporum canis mainly caused tinea alba, Trichophyton mentagrophytes,Nannizzia gypseum and Trichophytonrubrum mainly caused kerion. Except for Microsporum ferrugineum, the composition ratios of other fungi species showed statistically significant differences among different clinical types of tinea capitis(P<0.05). Conclusions Preschool children are the most commonly affected age group by pediatric tinea capitis, and black-dot ringworm caused by Trichophytes violaceum is the main clinical type. Analysis of the high-riskage group, pathogenic fungi and clinical types of tinea capitis in children can enhance the understanding of its epidemiological characteristics, which is helpful for early diagnosis and targeted standardized treatment of pediatric tinea capitis.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2249-2259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981356

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of stomach ache disorder. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of digestive diseases with stomach ache disorder as the primary symptom was retrieved from Chinese and English electronic databases and trial registration platforms from database inception to June 10, 2022. Two investigators conducted literature screening and data extraction according to the screening criteria. The Cochrane risk-of-bias tool(v 2.0) was used to assess the risk of bias in the included studies. Analyses were performed using RevMan 5.4 and R 4.2.2, with summary estimates measured using fixed or random effects models. The primary outcome indicators were the visual analogue scale(VAS) scores and stomach ache disorder symptom scores. The secondary outcome indicators were clinical recovery rate, Helicobacter pylori(Hp) eradication rate, and adverse reaction/events. Twenty-seven RCTs were included with a sample size of 2 902 cases. Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional western medicine treatments or placebo, Biling Weitong Granules could improve VAS scores(SMD=-1.90, 95%CI[-2.18,-1.61], P<0.000 01), stomach ache disorder symptom scores(SMD=-1.26, 95%CI[-1.71,-0.82], P<0.000 01), the clinical recovery rate(RR=1.85, 95%CI[1.66, 2.08], P<0.000 01), and Hp eradication rate(RR=1.28, 95%CI[1.20, 1.37], P<0.000 01). Safety evaluation revealed that the main adverse events in the Biling Weitong Granules included nausea and vomiting, rash, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and bitter mouth, and no serious adverse events were reported. Egger's test showed no statistical significance, indicating no publication bias. The results showed that Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of digestive system diseases with stomach ache disorder as the primary symptom could improve the VAS scores and stomach ache disorder symptom scores of patients, relieve stomach ache disorder, and improve the clinical recovery rate and Hp eradication rate, with good safety and no serious adverse reactions. However, the quality of the original studies was low with certain limitations. Future studies should use unified and standardized detection methods and evaluation criteria of outcome indicators, pay attention to the rigor of study design and implementation, and highlight the clinical safety of the medicine to provide more reliable clinical evidence support for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dyspepsia , Abdominal Pain , Stomach Diseases
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2352-2359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981311

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the mechanism of Yanghe Decoction(YHD) against subcutaneous tumor in pulmonary metastasis from breast cancer, which is expected to lay a basis for the treatment of breast carcinoma with YHD. The chemical components of medicinals in YHD, and the targets of the components were retrieved from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and SwissTargetPrediction. The disease-related targets were searched from GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM). Excel was employed to screen the common targets and plot the Venn diagram. The protein-protein interaction network was constructed. R language was used for Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment. A total of 53 female SPF Bablc/6 mice were randomized into normal group(same volume of normal saline, ig), model group(same volume of normal saline, ig), and low-dose and high-dose YHD groups(YHD, ig, 30 days), with 8 mice in normal group and 15 mice in each of the other groups. Body weight and tumor size was measured every day. Curves for body weight variation and growth of tumor in situ were plotted. In the end, the subcutaneous tumor sample was collected and observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining. The mRNA and protein levels of hypoxia inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α), pyruvate kinase M2(PKM2), lactate dehydrogenase A(LDHA), and glucose transporter type 1(GLUT1) were detected by PCR and Western blot. A total of 213 active components of YHD and 185 targets against the disease were screened out. The hypothesis that YHD may regulate glycolysis through HIF-1α signaling pathway to intervene in breast cancer was proposed. Animal experiment confirmed that the mRNA and protein levels of HIF-1α, PKM2, LDHA, and GLUT1 in the high-and low-dose YHD groups were lower than those in the model group. YHD has certain inhibitory effect on subcutaneous tumor in pulmonary metastasis from breast cancer in the early stage, which may intervene pulmonary metastasis from breast cancer by regulating glycolysis through HIF-1α signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Female , Mice , Animals , Glucose Transporter Type 1/genetics , Network Pharmacology , Animal Experimentation , Saline Solution , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Signal Transduction , Glycolysis , RNA, Messenger , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Molecular Docking Simulation
7.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 28-34, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961933

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:通过构建表达IL-12的小鼠CAR-T细胞,探讨经尾静脉将其输注于小鼠体内建立细胞因子释放综合征(CRS)模型的方法。方法:构建基于靶向鼠源CD19的CAR分子,包装逆转录病毒载体并感染小鼠T细胞构建mCD19-CAR-T、mCD19/IL-12-CAR-T细胞。通过构建小鼠体内胰腺癌Panc02-CD19细胞移植瘤模型,检测mCD19/IL-12-CAR-T细胞的抗肿瘤活性,ELISA法检测两种CAR-T细胞IL-12和IFN-γ分泌水平;经小鼠尾静脉输注mCD19/IL-12-CAR-T 细胞构建CAR-T细胞CRS小鼠模型,流式细胞术检测小鼠血清中IL-6、MCP-1、IL-1、IL-10、TNF-α、IFN-γ等细胞因子的含量,H-E染色法观察荷瘤小鼠肝、脾、肺和肾的病理组织学变化。结果:经过培养扩增的mCD19/IL-12-CAR-T细胞能有效分泌IL-12,CAR阳性率达(56.9±5.4)%;与非靶细胞Panc02或靶细胞Panc02-CD19共培养时,均能高分泌IFN-γ。成功构建小鼠胰腺癌Panc02-CD19细胞移植瘤模型,经小鼠尾静脉注射1×106个mCD19/IL-12-CAR-T细胞能显著抑制移植瘤的生长,但未能诱发严重CRS;输注2×106个mCD19/IL-12-CAR-T细胞后,小鼠出现体质量减轻、血清炎性因子水平升高、组织损伤,最终导致死亡等一系列典型CRS表现。结论:成功构建IL-12-CAR-T细胞诱发的小鼠CRS模型,其稳定性好、重复性高,具有广泛的应用前景。

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1564-1567, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997232

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effectiveness of preventive treatment for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) patients, so as to provide reference for the management and preventive treatment of clustered epidemic in schools.@*Methods@#Data came from the school tuberculosis outbreak of a boarding high school in Kaizhou District, Chongqing, which occurred between June 2017 and March 2018 among 2016 grade high school teachers and students for investigation and analysis. The total incidence, LTBI patients, and the incidence after preventive treatment for 5 years were followed up.@*Results@#A total of 34 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis from June 2017 to March 2018. A total of 1 357 individuals were screened for 6 concentrated contact screenings, with a confirmed tuberculosis rate of 2.43%, a tuberculosis skin test (TST) positive rate of 27.41%, and a strong TST positive rate of 7.39%. Among them, the confirmed tuberculosis rate and TST positive rate in the first case class were much higher than those in other classes, with statistically significant differences ( χ 2=286.30, 98.59, P <0.01). 88 cases of LTBI were found, with 31 cases receiving preventive treatment (35.23%), of which 28 completed preventive treatment (90.32%). After five years of follow-up, 73 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis were diagnosed in 2016 by the school senior high school, with a incidence rate of 0.98/10 2 (person/person years). Fifteen of the 88 LTBI patients were diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis, and the incidence rate was 3.33/10 2 (person/person years). The incidence rate of the preventive treatment group was 0.7/10 2 (person/person years)lower than that of the medical observation group 4.5/10 2 (person/person years), with a statistically significant difference ( χ 2=4.31, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The classes with higher TST positive rate and strong positive rate have higher incidence rate. Improving the preventive treatment rate of LTBI patients can effectively reduce the incidence rate of tuberculosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 295-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991695

ABSTRACT

In the outbreak of COVID-19,triage procedures based on epidemiology were implemented in a local hospital in Changsha to control the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and avoid healthcare-associated infection.This re-trospective study analyzed the data collected during the triage period and found that COVID-19 patients were en-riched 7 folds into the Section A designated for patients with obvious epidemiological history.On the other side,nearly triple amounts of visits were received at the Section B for patients without obvious epidemiological history.8 COVID-19 cases were spotted out of 247 suspected patients.More than 50%of the suspected patients were submi-tted to multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis for SARS-CoV-2 infection.Of the 239 patients who were diagnosed as negative of the virus infection,188 were successfully revisited and none was reported as COVID-19 case.Of the 8 COVID-19 patients,3 were confirmed only after multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis.Besides comorbidities,delayed sharing of epidemiological history added complexity to the diagnosis in practice.The triaging experience and strategy will be helpful for the control of infectious diseases in the future.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 355-358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923104

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand parental feeding behavior and cognitive development among Kazak preschool children in agricultural and pastoral areas in Xinjiang, and to provide reference for anemia prevention in preschool children in this area.@*Methods@#In May 2019, a total of 1 846 Kazak preschool children were selected from the agricultural and pastoral areas of Xinjiang by stratified cluster sampling method, and parental feeding behavior and child anemia status were assessed.@*Results@#The detection rate of anemia in Kazak preschool children in agricultural and pastoral areas in Xinjiang was 49.19%, and the detection rates of mild and moderate anemia were 29.52% and 19.66%, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in the detection rate of anemia in preschool children in terms of age, father s education, mother s education, and family per capita income ( χ 2= 162.06 , 8.17, 16.86, 11.14, P <0.05); There were statistically significant differences in the types of complementary food, nutritional anemia, breastfeeding time, and whether or not to force feeding ( χ 2=6.33, 8.91, 4.06, 21.55, P <0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that parents unclear about the type of complementary food ( OR=1.36, 95%CI =1.09-1.68), nutritional anemia ( OR=1.38, 95%CI =1.08-1.77), feeding time less than 24 months or unawareness ( OR=1.46, 95%CI =1.01-2.11) and forced feeding ( OR=1.42, 95%CI =1.13-1.78) were positively correlated with the detection rate of anemia in preschool children ( P < 0.05 ).@*Conclusion@#Kazak preschool children in agricultural and pastoral areas in Xinjiang have severe anemia. There is a relationship between parental feeding behavior and children s anemia, which warrants further efforts to improve preschool children s anemia.

11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 181-183, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928497

ABSTRACT

Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction is an innovative technique for the irreparable rotator cuff tears, but spontaneous pneumothorax after surgery is very rare. The present case was a 66-year-old female with irreparable rotator cuff tears of the right shoulder, treated with the arthroscopic shoulder superior capsular reconstruction. The general anesthesia and operation went smoothly, but the patient experienced stuffiness in the chest and shortness of breath after recovery from anesthesia. Thoracic CT scans showed spontaneous pneumothorax in the right side, which was successfully treated by the conservative treatments (oxygen therapy) according to multidisciplinary team. Prompt and accurate early-stage diagnosis is necessary in controlling postoperative complications and standardized treatment is the key to relieve the suffering. Spontaneous pneumothorax after arthroscopic shoulder surgery has been rarely reported in previous literatures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Arthroscopy/methods , Pneumothorax/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 32-36, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928476

ABSTRACT

Prosthetic infection is one of the severe postoperative complications of arthroplasty. Mixed bacterial-fungal prosthetic infection is rare but can be disastrous. This case was a 76-year-old female suffered from prosthetic infection following total hip replacement due to femoral neck fracture and underwent multiple debridements. The culture of periprosthetic tissue was bacteriologically sterile following the first debridement, while the Staphylococcus hominis was identified in the second debridement in the previous hospitalization where fungal infection had not been considered. Thus the pathogen spectrum of anti-infection therapy failed to contain fungus. Ultimately, the culture result of our sampled periprosthetic tissue during the third debridement was Candida albicans without bacterium in our hospital. The fungal prosthetic infection was successfully treated by a two-stage revision with antifungal drugs. Accurate diagnosis and standardized treatment is the key to the therapy of infection after hip arthroplasty, especially for mixed bacterial-fungal prosthetic infection.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Debridement , Fungi , Hip Prosthesis/adverse effects , Mycoses/drug therapy , Prosthesis-Related Infections/therapy , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 920-924, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934839

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the status quo and influencing factors of overweight and obesity in preschool children, and to provide scientific theoretical reference for the prevention and control of overweight and obesity in preschool children in Urumqi.@*Methods@#Stratified cluster sampling method was adopted to select 1 897 preschool children from 10 kindergartens in Urumqi from October to December in 2021 to understand the status quo of overweight and obesity of preschool children by measuring their height and weight. The influencing factors were collected by questionnaire survey, including Chinese preschoolers eating behavior questionnaire, Chinese preschooler s caregivers feeding behavior scale, 3-6 year old children s home nurture environment scale, and characteristics and influencing factors of physical activity among preschool children.@*Results@#The prevalence of overweight and obesity in preschool children was 31.21% (592), including 19.50% (370) overweight and 11.70% (222) obesity.Childhood overweight and obesity detection rates varied significantly by age, sex, child dietary habits, father BMI, maternal BMI, and maternal pre pregnancy BMI ( χ 2=19.63,28.75,9.45,18.21,18.45,19.36, P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, children s eating habits, paternal BMI, pregnancy BMI, satiety responsiveness, external eating, initiative eating, weight concerns, behavior restricted feeding, physical activity and family physical activity environment were the influencing factors of overweight and obesity in preschool children( OR =0.52,1.43,1.51,1.44,0.69,0.74,1.35,1.71,0.81,0.96,1.10, P < 0.05 ).@*Conclusion@#Overweight and obesity in preschool children are popular in Urumqi. Education, diet control and scientific exercise should be strengthened to prevent childhood overweight and obesity.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1183-1186, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929503

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the postoperative efficacy of corneal wavefront-guided femtosecond laser-assisted excimer in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)in the treatment of myopia patients with different degrees of astigmatism and the changes of corneal higher order aberration.METHODS: A total of 133 patients(265 eyes)with myopia and astigmatism were enrolled in this retrospective study. All of them underwent corneal wavefront-guided FS-LASIK surgery for the first time in Aier Eye Hospital(Kunming)from April to October 2020. The patients were divided into three groups according to the different astigmatism: Low astigmatism group: astigmatism ≤1.0D, 62 cases(124 eyes), medium astigmatism group: a total of 54 cases(107 eyes)with astigmatism was 1.25-2.0D, high astigmatism group: a total of 17 cases(34 eyes)with astigmatism ≥2.25D. Visual acuity and refraction were recorded before surgery and 3mo after the surgery and the cornea of the patients was measured by Pentacam three-dimensional corneal topography. Record total higher order aberrations(root mean square), spherical aberration, horizontal coma, vertical coma, horizontal clover and oblique clover in the 6mm diameter range of the cornea. The postoperative effects of the three groups of patients were observed and the changes of corneal high order aberration before and after surgery were compared. RESULTS: The validity index of visual acuity in the three groups of patients was all greater than 1.1 and the residual diopter was all within ±0.30D. The residual diopter in the low astigmatism group was the least than that of the other two groups(P&#x003C;0.05). At 3mo after surgery, the corneal total higher order aberration, spherical aberration and vertical coma of the three groups were all increased compared with those before surgery(P&#x003C;0.05). The spherical aberration increase in the high astigmatism group was less than that in the other two groups(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Corneal wavefront-guided FS-LASIK surgery is safe and effective in the treatment of myopia with different degrees of astigmatism, and the effect is also accurate for patients with high astigmatism. The degree of of preoperative astigmatism is not responsible for increased corneal higher order aberration after the surgery.

15.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 33-42, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929234

ABSTRACT

Ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) plays an important role in neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and Huntington's disease (HD). The discovery of UPS activators for anti-neurodegenerative diseases is becoming increasingly important. In this study, we aimed to identify potential UPS activators using the high-throughput screening method with the high-content fluorescence imaging system and validate the neuroprotective effect in the cell models of AD. At first, stable YFP-CL1 HT22 cells were successfully constructed by transfecting the YFP-CL1 plasmid into HT22 cells, together with G418 screening. The degradation activity of the test compounds via UPS was monitored by detecting the YFP fluorescence intensity reflected by the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation signal CL1. By employing the high-content fluorescence imaging system, together with stable YFP-CL1 HT22 cells, the UPS activators were successfully screened from our established TCM library. The representative images were captured and analyzed, and quantification of the YFP fluorescence intensity was performed by flow cytometry. Then, the neuroprotective effect of the UPS activators was investigated in pEGFP-N1-APP (APP), pRK5-EGFP-Tau P301L (Tau P301L), or pRK5-EGFP-Tau (Tau) transiently transfected HT22 cells using fluorescence imaging, flow cytometry, and Western blot. In conclusion, our study established a high-content fluorescence imaging system coupled with stable YFP-CL1 HT22 cells for the high-throughput screening of the UPS activators. Three compounds, namely salvianolic acid A (SAA), salvianolic acid B (SAB), and ellagic acid (EA), were identified to significantly decrease YFP fluorescence intensity, which suggested that these three compounds are UPS activators. The identified UPS activators were demonstrated to clear AD-related proteins, including APP, Tau, and Tau P301L. Therefore, these findings provide a novel insight into the discovery and development of anti-AD drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Neuroprotective Agents , Optical Imaging , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Ubiquitin
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(7): e360701, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339004

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the effect of ischemic postconditioning (IPostC) on skeletal muscle and its optimal protocol. Methods This article is about an animal study of rat model of crush syndrome. Sixty rats were randomized into nine different IPostC intervention groups and a control group. The anesthetized rats were subjected to unilateral hindlimb 3-kg compression with a compression device for 6 h, followed by nine different IPostC intervention protocols. Results Serum levels of creatine kinase (CK) at 3 h post-crush became 2.3-3.9 times among all 10 groups after crush. At 72 h post-crush, serum CK level was reduced to 0.28-0.53 time in all intervention groups. The creatinine (CREA) level in the control group was elevated to 3.11 times at 3 h post-crush and reduced to1.77 time at 72 h post-crush. The potassium (K+) level in the control group was elevated to 1.65 and 1.41 time at 3 and 72 h post-crush, respectively. Conclusions Our IPostC intervention protocols can effectively protect rats from crush-induced elevation of serum CK, CREA, and K+ levels. The timing of IPostC intervention should be as early as possible, to ensure the protective effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Crush Syndrome/therapy , Ischemic Postconditioning , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Muscle, Skeletal , Creatine Kinase
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(9): e10931, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249340

ABSTRACT

Tobacco can induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production extensively in cells, which is a major risk factor for oral leukoplakia (OLK) development. Peroxiredoxin 1 (Prx1) is a key antioxidant protein, upregulated in a variety of malignant tumors. We previously found that nicotine, the main ingredient of tobacco, promotes oral carcinogenesis via regulating Prx1. The aim of the present study was to screen and identify the Prx1 interacting proteins and investigate the mechanisms of nicotine on the development of OLK. Through liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry combined with bioinformatics analysis, the candidate Prx1 interacting proteins of cofilin-1 (CFL1), tropomyosin alpha-3 chain (TPM3), and serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A 65 kDa regulatory subunit A alpha isoform (PPP2R1A) were screened in human dysplastic oral keratinocyte cells treated with nicotine. CFL1, TPM3, and PPP2R1A were highly expressed in human OLK tissues. The expression of CFL1 increased and the expression of PPP2R1A decreased in OLK of smokers compared to that in OLK of non-smokers. Nicotine upregulated CFL1 and downregulated PPP2R1A in 4-nitro-quinoline-1-oxide (4NQO)-induced OLK tissues in mice in part dependent on Prx1. Furthermore, the in-situ interaction of CFL1, TPM3, and PPP2R1A with Prx1 were validated in human OLK tissues. Our results suggested that tobacco might promote the development of OLK via regulating Prx1 and its interacting proteins CFL1 and PPP2R1A.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Leukoplakia, Oral/chemically induced , Peroxiredoxins/metabolism , Nicotine , Carrier Proteins , Homeodomain Proteins , Carcinogenesis
18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 208-212, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis misdiagnosed as mental disorder, improve the early diagnosis rate and reduce misdiagnosis.Methods:The clinical data of patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis diagnosed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2012 to 2018 were collected. Patients misdiagnosed as mental disorders were screened out. Their psychiatric symptom characteristics, disease course characteristics, imaging and laboratory findings, treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 121 cases of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis were collected, and 43 cases of mental disorders were screened out. Sixteen of the 43 patients (37.2%) had prodromal symptoms, and all the patients had psychiatric behavioral abnormalities (100%), including 32 cases (74.4%) of seizures, 13 cases (30.2%) of decreased level of consciousness, 21 cases (48.8%) of involuntary movements, 15 cases (34.9%) of decreased memory, 8 cases (18.6%) of speech dysfunction, and 8 cases (18.6%) of other neurological symptoms (central hyperventilation, autonomic dysfunction). Memory loss was observed in 15 cases (34.9%), speech dysfunction in 8 cases (18.6%), other neurological symptoms (central hypoventilation, autonomic dysfunction) in 8 cases (18.6%), and various symptoms may appear simultaneously or successively in the same patient. Thirty-eight cases had complete resolution of symptoms or only minor physical impairment, and 5 cases had recurrent admissions with mental abnormalities and seizures. The recurrence rate accounted for 11.6% (5/43).Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis are complex and varied. Most of them have mental behavior abnormalities as the first symptom, which is easily misdiagnosed as mental disorder and delayed treatment will lead to prolonged disease course and poor prognosis.

19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200227, 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, ColecionaSUS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1136858

ABSTRACT

Abstract The novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) outbreak occurred in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019. Here, we report the clinical characteristics and therapeutic procedure for a case of severe NCP. The patient was started on glucocorticoids and non-invasive ventilator treatment. After treatment, the patient's symptoms improved, and the status was confirmed as NCP negative. Our results may provide clues for the treatment of NCP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Betacoronavirus , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Pandemics , Noninvasive Ventilation , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 29(1): 111-124, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990759

ABSTRACT

Abstract Toona sinensis (Juss.) M.Roem, Meliaceae, a deciduous plant native to eastern and southeastern Asia, is widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine. This paper was aimed to summarize the current advances in traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of T. sinensis. In this review, various types of data of T. sinensis are discussed in the corresponding parts of this paper, and perspectives for possible future studies of this plant are discussed. The main constituents of T. sinensis are terpenoids, phenylpropanoids and flavonoids, etc., and its pharmacological activities include anti-tumor effects, antioxidant activities, anti-diabetic effects and anti-inflammatory effects. Although a series of phytochemical and pharmacological researches of this plant have been conducted, the active constituents and action mechanism of these activities should be also further explored. Furthermore, the present review also indicates that T. sinensis has potentials to develop into drugs for treating various diseases with high efficacy and low toxicity, particularly in cancer, diabetes and inflammatory disorders. In conclusion, the paper provides a full-scale profile of the traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of T. sinensis, and also provides potential therapeutic uses and drug development prospects of this plant.

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