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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 316-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984621

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report gene mutations in nine patients with hereditary elliptocytosis (HE) and analyze the characteristics of pathogenic gene mutations in HE. Methods: The clinical and gene mutations of nine patients clinically diagnosed with HE at Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital from June 2018 to February 2022 were reported and verified by next-generation sequencing to analyze the relationship between gene mutations and clinical phenotypes. Results: Erythrocyte membrane protein gene mutations were detected among nine patients with HE, including six with SPTA1 mutation, one with SPTB mutation, one with EPB41 mutation, and one with chromosome 20 copy deletion. A total of 11 gene mutation sites were involved, including 6 known mutations and 5 novel mutations. The five novel mutations included SPTA1: c.1247A>C (p. K416T) in exon 9, c.1891delG (p. A631fs*17) in exon 15, E6-E12 Del; SPTB: c.154C>T (p. R52W) ; and EPB41: c.1636A>G (p. I546V) . Three of the six patients with the SPTA1 mutation were SPTA1 exon 9 mutation. Conclusion: SPTA1 is the most common mutant gene in patients with HE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Elliptocytosis, Hereditary/metabolism , Erythrocyte Membrane/metabolism , Exons , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Spherocytosis, Hereditary/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 527-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985903

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the gene mutation profile of newly diagnosed pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and analyze its effect on minimal residual disease (MRD). Methods: A total of 506 newly diagnosed B-ALL children treated in Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from September 2018 to July 2021 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. The enrolled children were divided into MRD ≥1.00% group and <1.00% group according to MRD results on the 19th day since chemotherapy, and MRD ≥0.01% group and <0.01% group according to MRD results on the 46th day. Clinical characteristics and gene mutations of two groups were compared. Comparisons between groups were performed with chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Independent risk factors of MRD results on the 19th day and the 46th day were analyzed by Logistic regression model. Results: Among all 506 patients, there were 318 males and 188 females. On the 19th day, there were 114 patients in the MRD ≥1.00% group and 392 patients in the MRD <1.00% group. On the 46th day, there were 76 patients in the MRD ≥0.01% group and 430 patients in the MRD <0.01% group. A total of 187 gene mutations were detected in 487 (96.2%) of 506 children. The most common gene mutations were signal transduction-related KRAS gene mutations in 111 cases (22.8%) and NRAS gene mutations in 99 cases (20.3%). Multivariate analysis showed that PTPN11 (OR=1.92, 95%CI 1.00-3.63), KMT2A (OR=3.51, 95%CI 1.07-11.50) gene mutations and TEL-AML1 (OR=0.48, 95%CI 0.27-0.87), BCR-ABL1 (OR=0.27, 95%CI 0.08-0.92) fusion genes and age >10 years (OR=1.91, 95%CI 1.12-3.24) were independent influencing factors for MRD ≥1.00% on the 19th day. BCORL1 (OR=2.96, 95%CI 1.18-7.44), JAK2 (OR=2.99, 95%CI 1.07-8.42) and JAK3 (OR=4.83, 95%CI 1.50-15.60) gene mutations and TEL-AML1 (OR=0.43, 95%CI 0.21-0.87) fusion gene were independent influencing factors for MRD ≥0.01% on the 46th day. Conclusions: Children with B-ALL are prone to genetic mutations, with abnormalities in the RAS signaling pathway being the most common. Signal transduction related PTPN11, JAK2 and JAK3 gene mutations, epigenetic related KMT2A gene mutation and transcription factor related BCORL1 gene mutation are independent risk factors for MRD.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Humans , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Neoplasm, Residual/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Genomics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 878-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972421

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the strabismus surgery situation of adolescents and children in Yunnan province.METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on medical records data of 3 068 adolescents and children who received strabismus surgery at Affiliated Hospital of Yunnan University from January 2017 to December 2021. The analysis included gender, constituent ratio of age, distribution of strabismus types and combination with other ocular diseases, etc.RESULTS: Among the included patients, 52.12% were males, and 47.88% were females. Preschool patients(1 to 6 years old)accounted for 32.89%, primary pupils(7 to 12 years old)accounted for 45.89% and high school students(13 to 18 years old)accounted for 21.22%. Exotropia accounted for 63.17% of the total strabismus, of which intermittent exotropia was the most common type. Esotropia accounted for 19.69%, and concomitant esotropia was the most common type. The special type of strabismus accounted for 17.14%, and A-V syndrome and dissociative vertical deviation(DVD)were the most common types. Strabismus combined with ametropia accounted for 61.02% and amblyopia accounted for 10.89%. A few patients also combined with other eye diseases.CONCLUSION: In Yunnan province, intermittent exotropia was the most common type of strabismus among adolescents and children. Some patients combined with other ocular diseases.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 163-167, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995490

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of free thenar perforator flap on repair of finger pulp defect.Methods:From September 2019 to November 2021, 79 cases of finger injuries complicated with defects in the pulp of fingers received free thenar perforator flap transfer surgery for reconstruction of finger pulps in the Department of Hand and Foot Surgery, Taizhou Hospital, Zhejiang Province. The patients were 51 males and 28 females, aged from 17 to 52(37.5±5.2) years old. There were 34 finger-pulp defects of index fingers, 15 of middle fingers, 26 of ring fingers and 4 of little fingers. All patients were treated with free thenar perforator flaps sized 2.0 cm×2.5 cm-3.0 cm×3.5 cm. All thenar perforator flaps were pedicled with the perforator artery and subcutaneous superficial vein in the thenar region, and the vessels were anastomosed with the proper palmar digital artery and dorsal digital vein, respectively. At the same time, subcutaneous nerve and proper palmar digital nerve were sutured to reconstruct the sensation of flaps. During the operation, the dominant perforating branch of thenar was found being originated from the superficial palmar branch of radial artery in 27 cases, from the superficial palmar arch in 21 cases, from the perforating branch of metacarpophalangeal proper artery of thumb in 11 cases, from the radial artery in 10 cases and from the main artery of thumb in 10 cases. The origins of nerves within the flaps were found from the superficial branch of radial nerve(24 cases), the terminal branch of lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm(22 cases) and the palmar branch of median nerve(33 cases). The operation time was (96.7±10.7) minutes. The donor site for the flap was closed directly without skin grafting. Most of the follow-up were conducted through the visit of outpatient clinic and the patients from other regions were reviewed via telephone or WeChat.Results:All perforator flaps survived completely and the flap donor sites healed smoothly. Follow-up lasted for (20.5±3.8) months. The reconstructed finger pulp was not bulky and the texture was satisfactory. TPD of the flaps was (5.6±0.9) mm. Only a linear scar left in the flap donor sites without significant affect on thenar function.Conclusion:The vascular anatomy of thenar perforator flap is constant, which helps to regain sensations of the flap. The texture and thickness of the flap are similar to those of the finger. It is ideal for reconstruction of defect of finger pulp.

5.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 414-417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of combining vibroacoustic therapy with audio-visual feedback on the swallowing and the emotional state of persons with a swallowing disorder after a brainstem stroke.Methods:Fifty brainstem stroke survivors with dysphagia were randomly divided into a control group and a combination group, each of 25. In addition to routine swallowing function training, the control group received additional direct feeding training, while the combination group was provided with vibroacoustic feeding training and swallowing stimulation from an animated audio-visual presentation. Before and after the treatment, the subjects′ swallowing function was quantified using the Standard Swallowing Assessment (SSA) scale and the Gugging swallowing screen (GUSS). The Positive and Negative Emotions Scale (PNAS) was used to quantify their emotional state.Results:After the treatment the average SSA scores of both groups had decreased significantly, while the average GUSS and PNAS scores had increased significantly. The average improvements in all three measures were significantly greater in the combination group than in the control group.Conclusion:In addition to routine swallowing function training, feeding training applying vibroacoustics and audio-visual stimulation can significantly improve the feeding function and emotional state of brainstem stroke survivors with dysphagia.

6.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 199-204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of long-distance application of Oral Reading for Language with Aphasia (ORLA) training on patients with post-stroke aphasia.Methods:A total of 42 stroke survivors with aphasia were randomly divided into an inpatient group, and two online groups, each of 14. All three groups had their routine rehabilitation treatment supplemented with ordinary multimodal language therapy and ORLA. The inpatient group completed the routine in the rehabilitation treatment room, while the online groups completed it at home using Tencent video conferencing software. The conventional multimodal language therapy was conducted once daily, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. For the inpatient group and online group 2 the daily session lasted 30 minutes, while for the online 1 groups the daily length was doubled. The ORLA therapy was also conducted once daily, 5 days a week for 4 weeks, for the inpatient group and online group 2 the daily session lasted 1h, while for the online 1 groups the daily length was 30min.The speech function, reading ability and life quality of the three groups were evaluated before and after the intervention using the Western Aphasia Battery, the Chinese Standard Aphasia Examination Scale and the Chinese version of the Stroke Aphasia Quality of Life Scale.Results:After treatment, the average aphasia quotient (AQ), reading, naming and quality of life scores in all three groups had improved significantly compared with those before treatment. And related language ability scores (such as retelling, fluency, information volume, listening comprehension, etc.) had also improved significantly in all three groups. However, the average AQ, reading, and oral fluency scores of the inpatient group and online group 2 were significantly higher than those of online group 1. Significant improvement was also observed in the reading aloud and life quality of all three groups, but the average improvement in reading aloud was significantly greater in the inpatient group and in online group 2 compared to online group 1. The average life quality of the online groups was significantly superior to that of the inpatient group.Conclusion:Medium- and high-intensity ORLA synchronous remote speech rehabilitation can significantly improve the speech ability, reading ability and life quality of aphasic stroke survivors.

7.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 203-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between serum lactate level and early prognosis after liver transplantation (LT) in children.Methods:Between January 1, 2018 and December 31, 2020, 675 pediatric LT recipients were recruited. Clinical data were retrospectively reviewed, early postoperative serum lactate level and clearance rate recorded and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve plotted for determining optimal cut-off values. The inter-group differences in early postoperative complications and patient/graft survival rates were compared.Results:According to ROC, blood lactate levels >1.99 mmol/L at 12 h postoperatively were associated with early postoperative graft loss (AUC 0.73, 95% CI: 0.62-0.84, P=0.01). Age and weight of recipients in high-level group were 7.17(5.70-10.40) month and 7.00(6.00-8.60) kg and both were significantly lower than those in low-level group [7.80(6.21-13.58) month and 7.20(6.45-9.00) kg]. The inter-group differences were statistically significant ( P=0.017, P=0.034). Blood plasma transfusion volume, red blood cell transfusion volume, portal vein pressure pre-closure, postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) stay, ventilator use time, early allograft dysfunction rate, early postoperative pulmonary infection rate and recipient mortality rate in high-level group were 400 (200-400) ml, 2.00 (2.00-4.00) U, (15.71±4.44) mmHg, 2.50(2.00-3.00) day, 3.81(2.47-8.50) hour, 22.95%(42/185), 16.76%(31/185) and 6.49%(12/185) respectively. The above values were significantly higher than those in low-level group 200(100-400) ml, 2.00 (2.00-3.00) U, (14.69±4.68) mmHg, 2.00(2.00-3.00) day, 3.53(2.34-6.12) hour, 14.69%(72/490), 11.02%(54/490) and 1.43%(7/490) respectively. The inter-group differences were statistically significant ( P<0.001, P=0.014, P=0.015, P=0.037, P=0.043, P=0.011, P=0.045 & P<0.001). The incidence of early postoperative acute cellular rejection was significantly lower in high-level group than that in low-level group [11.89%(22/185) vs 22.86%(112/490)]. The inter-group difference was statistically significant ( P=0.01). The 1/3-month cumulative survival rates of patient/graft were 94.6%, 94.1% and 92.4%, 91.4% in high-level group versus 99.2%, 98.6% and 99.0%, 98.4% in low-level group. There were significant inter-group differences ( P=0, P<0.000 1). With a rising level of lactate at 12 h postoperatively, risk of early graft loss and early recipient mortality spiked markedly ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Serum lactate level post-operation is a valid predictor of early prognosis after LT in children.

8.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 160-166, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the reconstruction strategy and technical selection of S3 hepatic vein with middle hepatic vein confluence in pediatric liver transplantation(LT)using living donor left lateral segment to lower the risk of vascular complications caused by variant grafts.Methods:From January 2015 to June 2021, retrospective analysis is performed for 840 consecutive cases of pediatric living donor LT using left lateral segment(LLS).There are 32 cases of S3 hepatic vein with middle hepatic vein confluence with an overall incidence of 3.81%.Individualized reconstruction strategies are implemented according to the specific conditions of variation and different interposition vessels available: group I unification venoplasty technique with interposition vein graft is employed for reconstructing HV from grafts, prolonged S3 is formed into a single opening with S2 and then anastomosed with recipient(21 cases); group Ⅱ dual HV reconstructions were performed(11 cases); venoplasty of recipients'LHV, MHV and inferior vena cava(IVC)is performed for creating a large orifice for anastomosis with S2 HV from graft and S3 is anastomosed with stump of recipient right HV directly or interposed blood vessels.Clinical features and prognosis of two groups, the incidence, treatment and prognosis of HVOO and the incidence of HVOO between variant and non-variant groups were compared.Results:The median follow-up time of variant group(32 cases)is 23.8 month with an incidence of HVOO at 15.6%.During the same period, the non-variant group incidence of HVOO is 4.5%.There is inter-group statistical difference( P=0.014).The only statistical difference between groups Ⅰ and Ⅱ is ultrasonic blood flow velocity of S3 HV at 14 POD [(39.15±16.37)vs(20.05±8.52)cm/s, P=0.001].HVOO occurred in 7 cases and 6 cases respectively in groupⅠ and group Ⅱ.There is no statistical difference( P=0.310).There are no intractable vascular complications.Long-term vascular patency of allogeneic and autologous interposition vein is satisfactory and there is no graft failure or mortality related to HVOO. Conclusions:Selecting strategies and techniques for reconstructing S3 hepatic vein with middle hepatic vein confluence at our center are reasonable, safe and effective.And the overall treatment efficacy is satisfactory.Reasonable selection of multidimensional reconstruction methods and accurate application of various technologies are conducive to improving patient prognosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 645-649, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993868

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of group-based rehabilitation exercise on motor and non-movement symptoms of Parkinson's disease(PD).Methods:A total of 88 patients from out-patient and in-patient services at our hospital were randomly assigned to an early exercise group(E-EG), a late exercise group(L-EG), and a control group(CG)using a randomized delayed-start design.Patients in the E-EG carried out a rigorous, formal group exercise program, one hour per session, twice per week, for 18 months(May 2018-November 2019). Patients in the L-EG took part in the exercise program in the final 6-12 months of the study.We assessed outcomes using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale(UPDRS), Parkinson's disease questionnaire-39(PDQ-39 Q), trail-making test part A & B, nine-hole peg test(9-HPT), 30 second sit to stand test(30s SST), 10 m walk test(10 m W), mini-balance evaluation systems test(Mini-BEST), Fullerton Advanced Balance(FAB)Scale and time up and go(TUG)test.Results:Compared with pre-exercise levels, patients with PD in the E-EG had lower performance in UPDRS(17.5±8.3 vs.20.0±8.6, t=-2.2, P=0.02)and lower performance in PDQ-39(27.2±2.1 vs.29.0±9.8, t=-2.6, P=0.001)after exercise.Moreover, compared with pre-exercise levels, patients with PD in the E-EG showed decreased post-exercise performance in trail-making test part B(114.2±25.5 vs.129.8±28.4, t=-2.3, P=0.02)and in 9-HPT(33.7±7.3 vs.39.6±9.3, t=-2.6, P=0.001). Conclusions:The practice of group-based rehabilitation exercise can improve movement abilities and quality of life in PD patients, especially if implemented early.Targeted rehabilitation exercise should be taken as part of the treatment strategy for PD patients as early as possible to deliver the best benefits.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 359-363, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992967

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences between Tanner-Whitehouse (TW)3-Carpal and TW3-RUS(radius, ulna and short bone)-based artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted bone age assessment system using real world data.Methods:The image data of 262 children who received X-ray examination of left wrist in the Affiliated Children′s Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from July to September 2021 were retrospectively collected. The AI bone age assistant methods based on TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal criteria were used to obtain the bone age results, respectively. Two senior pediatric radiologists evaluated the bone age on the basis of TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal criteria, and the averaged values of two reviewers was calculated and taken as the gold standard reference. The cases were stratified into six age groups at 3-year intervals according to the gold standard reference, including 1-3 ( n=10), 4-6 ( n=35), 7-9 ( n=70), 10-12 ( n=118), 13-15 ( n=27) and 16-18 ( n=2) years old groups. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate the consistency between AI results and the gold standard bone age results. Pearson correlation method was used to measure the reliability between AI results and the gold standard results. The difference of bone age results between using TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal criteria in different age groups was compared using paired t-test. Results:As for the whole sample, the results based on TW3-RUS criteria were 8.9±3.1 years old for AI assessment and 8.7±2.9 years old for the golden standard reference, with the ICC of 0.983; and the results based on TW3-Carpal criteria were 8.7±3.0 years old for AI and 8.8±2.8 years old for the golden standard reference, with the ICC of 0.976. Positive correlation were found in both TW3-RUS ( r=0.985, P<0.001) and TW3-Carpal criteria groups ( r=0.978, P<0.001). There were significant differences between TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal at age groups of 7-9( t=-3.36, P=0.001), 10-12( t=-1.77, P=0.046), and 13-15 years old ( t=1.84, P=0.040). The bone age assessment using TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal criteria were both in good agreement with the gold standard reference in age group of 4-6 years old (ICC=0.929 and 0.940), as well as in age group of 7-9 years old (ICC=0.882 and 0.927, respectively), with the results using TW3-Carpal criteria were slightly higher. As for the age groups of 10-12 and 13-15 years old, the method using TW3-RUS criteria showed excellent agreement with the gold standard reference (ICC=0.962 and 0.963, respectively), which were better than the performance of method using TW3-Carpal criteria (ICC=0.744 and 0.605, respectively). Conclusions:AI-assisted bone age system based TW3-Carpal and TW3-RUS criteria both show good reliability and accuracy in the bone age measurements. The AI method based TW3-Carpal criteria shows better performance in age group of 4-9 years old, while the method based on TW3-RUS criteria may be better for children of age 10-15 years old.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 229-237, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992009

ABSTRACT

Intra-abdominal infections (IAI) is common surgical emergencies and have been reported as major contributors to non-trauma deaths in hospitals worldwide. The principles of IAI management included early diagnosis, adequate source control, appropriate antimicrobial therapy, and prompt physiologic stabilization using critical care resources, combined with an optimal surgical approach. In order to facilitate clinical management, establish a global standard and provide guidance for clinicians, the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES), the Global Alliance for Infection in Surgery (GAIS), the Surgical Infection Society-Europe (SIS-E), the World Surgical Infection Society (WSIS), and the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) worked together to complete an international multi-society document, which provided the evidence-based clinical pathways. Herein, we made a comprehensive interpretation for the clinical pathways combined with the latest domestic and international research developments, aiming to provide evidence for domestic doctors on the diagnosis and treatment of IAI, and ultimately benefit patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 627-631, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the surgical types of patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) in Shaanxi Province, and to provide reference for optimizing KBD surgery.Methods:Retrospective analysis was used to investigate KBD patients who underwent surgical treatment, and the patient's information was from the Shaanxi Provincial Endemic Disease Prevention and Control Information System. Patients with incomplete surgical treatment information were excluded, and χ 2 test was used to analyze the impact of factors such as gender, education level, living area, disease severity, and social environment on the selection of different surgical types (free body enucleation or joint replacement) for KBD patients. Using propensity score method to perform a 1 ∶ 1 match on patients with different surgical types, and analyzing the influencing factors of KBD patients receiving different types of surgical treatment through multivariate logistic regression. Results:From 2018 to 2020, a total of 1 084 KBD patients in Shaanxi Province underwent surgical treatment, including 555 males (51.20%) and 529 females (48.80%), with a median age of 64 years old. There were 917 patients (84.59%) in the Guanzhong region (Tongchuan, Xi'an, Weinan, Xianyang, Baoji), 120 patients (11.07%) in the northern Shaanxi region (Yulin, Yan'an), and 47 patients (4.34%) in the southern Shaanxi region (Ankang, Hanzhong, Shangluo). The number of patients with KBD grade Ⅰ,Ⅱ, and Ⅲ was 401 (36.99%), 525 (48.43%), and 158 (14.58%), respectively. Five hundred and forty-eight patients (50.55%) underwent free body enucleation surgery, and 536 patients (49.45%) underwent joint replacement surgery. Univariate analysis showed that different genders, educational levels, living areas, disease severity, economic status, whether to relocate, type of drinking water, type of staple food, and source of staple food were the influencing factors for KBD patients to choose the type of surgery (χ 2 = 81.82, 22.38, 93.68, 22.38, 5.17, 15.68, 13.82, 39.37, 49.63, P < 0.05). Among 374 pairs of patients who underwent free body enucleation and joint replacement through propensity score matching, multivariate logistic regression analysis found that high school and above education level [odds ratio( OR) = 0.42, P = 0.008], Guanzhong region ( OR = 0.12, P < 0.001), relocation ( OR = 0.60, P = 0.004), and drinking well water ( OR = 2.15, P = 0.001) were the influencing factors for KBD patients to choose different surgical types for treatment. Conclusion:When performing surgical treatment for KBD patients in Shaanxi Province, clinicians can consider the severity of the disease, as well as factors such as the education level, living area, relocation status, and type of drinking water of KBD patients, to provide more suitable surgical types for KBD patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 172-176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991278

ABSTRACT

It's the duty of contemporary teachers to cultivate students' independent learning, independent thinking, and self-management ability. This paper reviews the significance of independent learning for cultivating medical students with forward-looking learning ability and cutting-edge medical knowledge. It focuses on the strategies and ideas of cultivating medical students' independent learning ability from the aspects of strategy and evaluation, and tries to provide inspiration and reference for the application of independent learning teaching method in the cultivation of medical students.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 205-209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990743

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of neonatal resuscitation simulation exercise for perinatal medical personnel.Methods:From August 2020 to July 2021, perinatal medical personnel receiving simulated training of neonatal resuscitation in our hospital were prospectively enrolled. The professional backgrounds of the trainees were collected and their performances on both knowledge skills and behavioral skills were scored. The knowledge skills included pre-resuscitation preparation, initial resuscitation, positive pressure ventilation, tracheal intubation, chest compression and umbilical vein catheterization. The behavioral skills included situational awareness, problem solving, resource utilization, communication and leadership. SPSS 26.0 was used for data analysis.Results:Among the 200 participants, 127(63.5%) were neonatal/pediatric doctors and nurses, 65(32.5%) were obstetricians and midwives, 8(4.0%) were anesthesiologists and the ratio of doctors to nurses was 1.74∶1. The score of knowledge skills was (19.52±2.92) at the beginning of the simulation exercise and (27.02±2.72) at the end. The scores on preparation before resuscitation, initial resuscitation and positive pressure ventilation were significantly improved ( P<0.05). The score of behavioral skills was (16.60±2.34) at the beginning and (20.58±1.77) at the end. The scores of resource utilization, communication and leadership were significantly improved ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The simulation exercise provides multidisciplinary teamwork training for perinatal medical personnel, may significantly improve neonatal resuscitation skills and is worth promoting.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 504-509, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990068

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application of magnetic foreign body extractor in metal foreign body of upper digestive tract children.Methods:The clinical data of 115 children with metallic foreign bodies in the upper digestive tract who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, from January 2017 to September 2022, were selected as subjects.All the metallic foreign bodies were removed by a self-made metallic foreign body extractor in the department.The clinical characteristics of the metallic foreign bodies in the upper digestive tract were comprehensively analyzed by using descriptive analysis methods, summarize the age, gender, metallic foreign body type, number of the metallic foreign bodies, incarcerated location, retention time, clinical symptoms and complications.Results:A total of 115 children with metallic foreign bodies in the upper digestive tract were included in the analysis, involving 51 males and 64 females, with a mean age of (3.63±2.28) years.The majority was children aged 0-3 years (68/115, 59.1%). Coins (86 cases, 74.8%) were the major foreign bodies in metal foreign body of upper digestive tract, followed by button batteries (11 cases, 9.6%), magnetic balls (8 cases, 7.0%), and others (10 cases, 8.6%). The main clinical symptoms were nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, chest pain, and foreign body sensation, and button battery ingestion and magnetic balls were easy to produce complications.The primary retention sites of metallic foreign bodies were the gastric fundus (75 cases, 65.2%), followed by upper esophageal segment (38 cases, 33.0%) and lower esophageal segment(2 cases, 1.7%).Conclusions:In children′s metal foreign body of upper digestive tract, coins are the most common foreign bodies that are easily retained in the stomach fundus.Button batteries are prone to cause severe complications and should be removed timely.The self-made metallic foreign body extractor in our department can remove coins, batteries, magnetic balls, nails, chains, party emblems and other metallic foreign bodies.It can shorten the operation time, improve the removal efficiency, and featured by active search, strong adsorption, no mucosal damage and removal with the endoscope, which can be widely used in the clinical treatment of metallic foreign bodies.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 385-390,F2, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and advantages of parachute technique in arterial anastomosis of living-donor renal transplantation with anatomical variations of renal artery.Methods:A total of 79 pairs of donors and recipients who received living-donor renal transplantation at the Department of Urology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2020 to November 2022 were retrospectively collected. 11 pairs with completeness data and multiple donor renal arteries were selected. According to the different techniques, the cases using parachute technique were classified as experimental group and other cases as control group using traditional two-three-point fixation technique. There were 5 pairs in the experimental group and 6 pairs in the control group. The medical records of the two groups were collected, containing general data, the state of donated kidney, the arterial reonstruction method, the condition of perioperation and recovery of recipients. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s). Student- t test was used for inter-group comparison. The Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method were used to compare the count data of groups. Results:The donations of experimental group and control group were left-sided kidney. There were no statistical difference in age, gender, body mass index and estimated glomerular filtration rate of donors and recipients. The average number of renal arteries in the experimental group was 2.2, and that in the control group was 2.0. There were no statistical difference between the two groups in the mean time of transplantation surgery[(152.0±23.9) min vs (148.3±24.0) min], estimated blood loss [(90.0±41.8) mL vs (91.7±58.5) mL] and mean arterial anastomosis time [(21.0±5.4) min vs (20.8 ± 4.7) min]. At the end of arterial anastomosis, no case in the experimental group need acupuncture or secondary anastomosis, while the control group had 3 cases, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.002). There was no statistical difference in the recovery of renal function and complications related to renal arteries between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Parachute suture technique can more accurately achieve the purpose of layer-to-layer eversion suture of vascular wall under the condition of narrow arterial lumen, and will not significantly prolong the operation time. It may have a good application value in living kidney transplantation with renal artery variation.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 370-374,F1, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the specific mechanism and effects between christina loosestrife and snowbellleaf tickclover herb on kidney calcium oxalate calculi in rats.Methods:A total of 54 SPF grade SD male rats were fed adaptically for 1 week to 180-200 g, the models of rats with kidney calcium oxalate calculi were established by intragastric administration with glycol, and divided into nine groups according to random number table method and controlled, which were healthy control group (group A), positive control group (model group, group B), low, medium and high doses of christina loosestrife groups (C1, C2, C3, 3 groups), low, medium and high doses of snowbellleaf tickclover herb groups (D1, D2, D3, 3 groups), therapeutic control group (potassium sodium hydrogen citrate group, group E), 6 rats in each group. After 4 weeks, samples were collected to determine the urine and serum biochemical indexes of each group, and Von Kossa staining was used to detect kidney calcium oxalate crystals. Calcium oxalate crystal deposition in kidney tissues of rats was observed under polarization microscope, and the difference of efficacy between the two drug effects was determined by the percentage of positive area in photos and the urine and serum biochemical indexes. The measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between groups, and SNK- q test was used for comparison between two groups. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare crystal formation between groups. Results:Compared with the positive control group and christina loosestrife groups, high dose of snowbellleaf tickclover herb could significantly reduce serum creatinine level ( P<0.01), the mean serum creatinine of rats with christina loosestrife was (86.70±11.49) μmol/L, that of rats with snowbellleaf tickclover herb was (70.72±9.08) μmol/L, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). High dose of christina loosestrife and snowbellleaf tickclover herb could significantly increase urinary magnesium and decrease serum urea levels, and there was no statistical significance between them ( P>0.05). Compared with the positive control group, high dose of christina loosestrife ( P<0.000 1) and snowbellleaf tickclover herb ( P<0.000 1) could both inhibit the formation of calcium oxalate crystals and protect the kidney of rats, and there was no statistical significance between the two effects ( P>0.05). The levels of urine pH value could not be increased, while the levels of urinary calcium urinary oxalic acid and 24 h urine volume, serum calcium, serum phosphorus, serum magnesium, blood uric acid and content of kidney oxalate could not be decreased significantly after using these two drugs. Conclusion:Snowbellleaf tickclover herb is better than christina loosestrife in preventing recurrence of kidney calcium oxalate calculi and protecting renal function.

18.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 792-800, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988725

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of LncRNA GAPLINC on the cell proliferation of RA-FLSs. MethodsRA-FLSs were cultured from synovial specimens. The expression of LncRNA GAPLINC in RA-FLSs and trauma-FLSs groups was detected by qRCR. GAPLINC suppression was transfected by siRNA and the inhibition efficiency was detected by qRCR. Flow cytometry was adopted to determine the change of cell growth and cell cycle distribution. 【ResμLts】 The expression of LncRNA GAPLINC was significantly higher in RA-FLSs than that of the trauma-FLSs (P<0.05).Transfection of GAPLINC-siRNA significantly decreased the expression of LncRNA GAPLINC. GAPLINC silence in RA-FLSs revealed significant inhibition in cell proliferation which was showed by the reduced cell number in S phase(P<0.05). Moreover, flow cytometry assay showed GAPIINC-siRNA treatment group had an accumμLation of cells in the G0/G1 phase and decreased RA-FLSs in the S and G2/M phase(P<0.05). After GAPLINC knockdown, mRNA and protein levels of Cyclin D1 and PCNA, which were positively correlated with proliferative phenotype, were decreased (P<0.05), while p21, which was negatively correlated with proliferative phenotype, was up-regμLated (P<0.05). ConclusionsThe mRNA expression of GAPLINC was higher in RA-FLSs compared with trauma-FLSs ,which was statistically significant(P<0.05). The silence of LncRNA GAPLINC coμLd significantly inhibit RA-FLSs cell growth and suppress the cell cycle transformation, which suggests that GAPLINC may play a role in the regμLation of proliferation of RA-FLSs, leading to synovial hyperplasia and contributing to RA progression.

19.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 452-459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986913

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the imaging evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea associated with inner ear malformation (IEM) in children. Methods: The clinical data of 28 children with CSF otorrhea associated with IEM confirmed by surgical exploration in Beijing Children's Hospital, from Nov, 2016 to Jan, 2021, were analyzed retrospectively,including 16 boys and 12 girls, aged from 8-month to 15-year and 8-month old, with a median age of 4-year old. The shapes of stapes were observed during the exploration surgery, and the imaging features of temporal bone high resolution CT(HRCT) and inner ear MRI pre- and post-operation were analyzed. Results: In 28 children with CSF otorrhea, 89.3%(25/28) had stapes footplates defect during exploration. Preoperative CT showed indirect signs such as IEM, tympanic membrane bulging, soft tissue in the tympanum and mastoid cavity. IEM included four kinds: incomplete partition type I (IP-Ⅰ), common cavity (CC), incomplete partition type Ⅱ (IP-Ⅱ), and cochlear aplasia (CA); 100%(28/28) presented with vestibule dilation; 85.7%(24/28) with a defect in the lamina cribrosa of the internal auditory canal. The direct diagnostic sign of CSF otorrrhea could be seen in 73.9%(17/23) pre-operative MRI: two T2-weighted hyperintense signals between vestibule and middle ear cavity were connected by slightly lower or mixed intense T2-weighted signals, and obvious in the coronal-plane; 100%(23/23) hyperintense T2-weighted signals in the tympanum connected with those in the Eustachian tube.In post-operative CT, the soft tissues in the tympanum and mastoid cavity decreased or disappeared as early as one week. In post-operative MRI, the hyperintense T2-weighted signals of tympanum and mastoid decreased or disappeared in 3 days to 1 month,soft tissues tamponade with moderate intense T2-weighted signal were seen in the vestibule in 1-4 months. Conclusions: IP-Ⅰ, CC, IP-Ⅱ and CA with dilated vestibule can lead to CSF otorrhea. Combined with special medical history, T2-weighted signal of inner ear MRI can provide diagnostic basie for most children with IEM and CSF otorrhea.HRCT and MRI of inner ear can also be used to evaluate the effect of surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Aged , Infant , Child, Preschool , Cerebrospinal Fluid Otorrhea/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Vestibule, Labyrinth , Temporal Bone , Ear, Middle
20.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 248-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965049

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of preoperative serological indexes in predicting long-term survival and tumor recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after liver transplantation, aiming to explore its significance in expanding the Milan criteria. Methods Clinical data of 669 recipients undergoing liver transplantation for HCC were retrospectively analyzed. The optimal cut-off value was calculated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The risk factors affecting the overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates of HCC patients after liver transplantation were identified by univariate and multivariate regression analyses. The correlation between preoperative serum liver enzymes and pathological characteristics in HCC patients was analyzed. The predictive values of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) combined with γ -glutamyl transferase (GGT) and different liver transplant criteria for the survival and recurrence of HCC patients after liver transplantation were compared. Results Exceeded Milan criteria, total tumor diameter (TTD) > 8 cm, AFP > 200 ng/mL and GGT > 84 U/L were the independent risk factors for the overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates of HCC patients after liver transplantation (all P < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that preoperative serum GGT level was correlated with TTD, number of tumor, venous invasion, microsatellite lesions, capsular invasion, tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) stage, Child-Pugh score and exceeded Milan criteria (all P < 0.05). Milan-AFP-GGT-TTD (M-AGT) criteria were proposed by combining Milan criteria, TTD with serum liver enzyme indexes (AFP and GGT). The 5-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates of HCC recipients who met the M-AGT criteria (111 cases of exceeded Milan criteria) were significantly higher than those who met Hangzhou criteria (both P < 0.05), whereas had no significant difference from their counterparts who met the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) criteria (both P > 0.05). Conclusions Preoperative serological indexes of AFP and GGT could effectively predict the long-term survival and tumor recurrence of HCC patients after liver transplantation. Establishing the M-AGT criteria based on serological indexes contributes to expanding the Milan criteria, which is convenient and feasible.

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