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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1281-1290, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999809

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Despite numerous studies on the optimal treatments for oligometastatic disease (OMD), there is no established interdisciplinary consensus on its diagnosis or classification. This survey-based study aimed to analyze the differential opinions of colorectal surgeons and radiation oncologists regarding the definition and treatment of OMD from the colorectal primary. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 141 participants were included in this study, consisting of 63 radiation oncologists (44.7%) and 78 colorectal surgeons (55.3%). The survey consisted of 19 questions related to OMD, and the responses were analyzed using the chi-square test to determine statistical differences between the specialties. @*Results@#The radiation oncologists chose “bone” more frequently compared to the colorectal surgeons (19.2% vs. 36.5%, p=0.022), while colorectal surgeons favored “peritoneal seeding” (26.9% vs. 9.5%, p=0.009). Regarding the number of metastatic tumors, 48.3% of colorectal surgeons responded that “irrelevant, if all metastatic lesions are amendable to local therapy”, while only 21.8% of radiation oncologist chose same answer. When asked about molecular diagnosis, most surgeons (74.8%) said it was important, but only 35.8% of radiation oncologists agreed. @*Conclusion@#This study demonstrates that although radiation oncologists and colorectal surgeons agreed on a majority of aspects such as diagnostic imaging, biomarker, systemic therapy, and optimal timing of OMD, they also had quite different perspectives on several aspects of OMD. Understanding these differences is crucial to achieving multidisciplinary consensus on the definition and optimal management of OMD.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 103-111, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966475

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to provide the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, and 5-year relative survival rates of lung cancer diagnosed in 2015. @*Materials and Methods@#The demographic risk factors of lung cancer were calculated using the KALC-R (Korean Association of Lung Cancer Registry) cohort in 2015, with survival follow-up until December 31, 2020. The 5-year relative survival rates were estimated using Ederer II methods, and the general population data used the death rate adjusted for sex and age published by the Korea Statistical Information Service from 2015 to 2020. @*Results@#We enrolled 2,657 patients with lung cancer who were diagnosed in South Korea in 2015. Of all patients, 2,098 (79.0%) were diagnosed with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and 345 (13.0%) were diagnosed with small cell lung cancer (SCLC), respectively. Old age, poor performance status, and advanced clinical stage were independent risk factors for both NSCLC and SCLC. In addition, the 5-year relative survival rate declined with advanced stage in both NSCLC (82%, 59%, 16%, 10% as the stage progressed) and SCLC (16%, 4% as the stage progressed). In patients with stage IV adenocarcinoma, the 5-year relative survival rate was higher in the presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation (19% vs. 11%) or anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocation (38% vs. 11%). @*Conclusion@#In this Korean nationwide survey, the 5-year relative survival rates of NSCLC were 82% at stage I, 59% at stage II, 16% at stage III, and 10% at stage IV, and the 5-year relative survival rates of SCLC were 16% in cases with limited disease, and 4% in cases with extensive disease.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 935-943, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913791

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Proton beam therapy (PBT) is a state-of-the-art technology employed in radiotherapy (RT) for cancer patients. This study characterized how PBT has been used in clinical practice in Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients who received any type of RT between 2007 and 2019 were identified from the radiation oncology registry of the two PBT facilities operating in Korea (National Cancer Center and Samsung Medical Center). The chi-square test was used to identify patient- and treatment-related characteristics associated with the receipt of PBT. @*Results@#A total of 54,035 patients had been treated with some form of RT in the two institutions, of whom 5,398 received PBT (10.0%). The number of patients who receive PBT has gradually increased since PBT first started, from 162 patients in 2007 to 1,304 patients in 2019. Among all types of cancer, PBT use in liver cancer has been steadily increasing from 20% in 2008-2009 to 32% in 2018-2019. In contrast, that in prostate cancer has been continuously decreasing from 20% in 2008-2009 to < 10% in 2018-2019. Male sex, very young or old age, stage I-II disease, residency in non-capital areas, a definitive setting, a curative treatment aim, enrollment in a clinical trial, re-irradiation and insurance coverage were significantly associated with the receipt of PBT (all p < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Since PBT started in Korea, the number of patients receiving PBT has increased to more than 1,000 per year and treatment indications have expanded. Liver cancer is the most common primary tumor among all PBT cases in Korea.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e55-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892277

ABSTRACT

Total body irradiation (TBI) is included in the conditioning regimen for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), with unique advantages such as uniform distribution over the whole body and decreased exposure to cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents. For individuals who lack matched sibling or matched unrelated donors, the use of haploidentical donors has been increasing despite challenges such as graft rejection and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Although a limited number of studies have been performed to assess the clinical role of TBI in haploidentical HSCT, TBI-based conditioning showed comparable results in terms of survival outcomes, rate of relapse, and GVHD in diverse hematologic malignancies such as leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Advances in supportive care, along with recent technical improvements such as restriction of maximum tolerated dose, appropriate fractionation, and organ shielding, help to overcome diverse adverse events related to TBI. Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide was used in most studies to reduce the risk of GVHD. Additionally, it was found that post-transplantation rituximab may improve outcomes in TBI-based haploidentical HSCT, especially in patients with B-cell lymphoma. Along with the advances of techniques and strategies, the expansion of age restriction would be another important issue for TBI-based haploidentical HSCT considering the current tendency toward increasing age limitation and lack of matched donors. This review article summarizes the current use and future perspectives of TBI in haploidentical HSCT.

5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e55-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899981

ABSTRACT

Total body irradiation (TBI) is included in the conditioning regimen for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), with unique advantages such as uniform distribution over the whole body and decreased exposure to cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents. For individuals who lack matched sibling or matched unrelated donors, the use of haploidentical donors has been increasing despite challenges such as graft rejection and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Although a limited number of studies have been performed to assess the clinical role of TBI in haploidentical HSCT, TBI-based conditioning showed comparable results in terms of survival outcomes, rate of relapse, and GVHD in diverse hematologic malignancies such as leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Advances in supportive care, along with recent technical improvements such as restriction of maximum tolerated dose, appropriate fractionation, and organ shielding, help to overcome diverse adverse events related to TBI. Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide was used in most studies to reduce the risk of GVHD. Additionally, it was found that post-transplantation rituximab may improve outcomes in TBI-based haploidentical HSCT, especially in patients with B-cell lymphoma. Along with the advances of techniques and strategies, the expansion of age restriction would be another important issue for TBI-based haploidentical HSCT considering the current tendency toward increasing age limitation and lack of matched donors. This review article summarizes the current use and future perspectives of TBI in haploidentical HSCT.

6.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 184-190, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835269

ABSTRACT

Radiation therapy (RT) has improved patient outcomes, but treatment-related complicationrates remain high. In the conventional 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional conformalRT (3D-CRT) era, there was little room for toxicity reduction because of the need to balancethe estimated toxicity to organs at risk (OARs), derived from dose-volume histogramdata for organs including the lung, heart, spinal cord, and liver, with the planning targetvolume (PTV) dose. Intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) is an advanced form of conformal RTthat utilizes computer-controlled linear accelerators to deliver precise radiation doses tothe PTV. The dosimetric advantages of IMRT enable better sparing of normal tissues andOARs than is possible with 3D-CRT. A major breakthrough in the treatment of esophagealcancer (EC), whether early or locally advanced, is the use of proton beam therapy (PBT).Protons deposit their highest dose of radiation at the tumor, while leaving none behind;the resulting effective dose reduction to healthy tissues and OARs considerably reducesacute and delayed RT-related toxicity. In recent studies, PBT has been found to alleviatesevere lymphopenia resulting from combined chemo-radiation, opening up the possibilityof reducing immune suppression, which might be associated with a poor prognosis incases of locally advanced EC.

7.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 692-702, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831855

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We performed a large-scale, retrospective, nationwide, cohort study to investigate the risk factors for lung cancer among never-smoking Korean females. @*Methods@#The study data were collected from a general health examination and questionnaire survey of eligible populations conducted between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2004; the data were acquired from the tailored big data distribution service of the National Health Insurance Service. After a 1-year clearance period, 5,860,922 of 6,318,878 never-smoking female participants with no previous history of lung cancer were investigated. After a median follow-up of 11.4 years, 43,473 (0.74%) participants were defined as “newly diagnosed lung cancer”. @*Results@#After adjusting for all variables at baseline, the variables older age, lower body mass index (BMI), less exercise, frequent alcohol drinking, meat-based diet, rural residence, and previous history of cancer were associated with a higher incidence of lung cancer. Low BMI (< 18.5 kg/m2: hazard ratio [HR], 1.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.27 to 1.40) was a significant independent risk factor; as BMI decreased, HR increased. Negative associations between BMI and lung-cancer development were also observed after controlling for age (p for trend < 0.001). Drinking alcohol one to two times a week (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.21 to 1.28) and eating a meat-based diet (HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.15) were associated with lung-cancer incidence. @*Conclusions@#Modifiable baseline characteristics, such as BMI, exercise, alcohol consumption, and diet, are risk factors for lung-cancer development among never- smoking females. Thus, lifestyle modifications may help prevent lung cancer.

8.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1400-1410, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763220

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate epidemiology, clinical characteristics and sex differences of patients with lung cancer using nationwide registry in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Korean Association for Lung Cancer developed a registry in cooperation with the Korean Central Cancer Registry, and surveyed about 10% of lung cancer cases. For this first survey of cases diagnosed in 2014, cases were selected through a systematic sampling method. RESULTS: Total 2,621 lung cancer patients were surveyed, and the median patient age was 70 years. During the study period, adenocarcinoma was the most frequent histologic type, the proportion of female patients was 28.4%, and women had a better prognosis (median survival, not reached vs. 13 months; p<0.001) than did men for non-small cell lung cancer. The proportion of never-smokers was 36.4%, and never-smoking was more prevalent in women than in men (87.5 vs. 16.0%, p<0.001). Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations were found in 36.8% of stage IV adenocarcinoma patients, and higher in female compared to male patients (51.2 vs. 26.6%, p<0.001). In addition, patients with EGFR mutation showed better survival (median survival, 18 vs. 8 months; p<0.001) than patients without EGFR mutation in these patients. CONCLUSION: This is the first survey to gather unbiased nationwide lung cancer statistics in Korea. More than one-third of lung cancer patients had no smoking history. Female had a high proportion of non-smoker, more adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutation and generally better prognosis than male.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Epidemiology , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Methods , Prognosis , ErbB Receptors , Sex Characteristics , Smoke , Smoking
9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1001-1010, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763179

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Lung Cancer Subcommittee of Korean Radiation Oncology Group (KROG) has recently launched a prospective clinical trial (KROG 17-06) of hippocampus-sparing whole brain radiotherapy (HS-WBRT) with simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) in treating multiple brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer. In order to improve trial quality, dummy run studies among the participating institutions were designed. This work reported the results of two-step dummy run procedures of the KROG 17-06 study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two steps tested hippocampus contouring variability and radiation therapy planning compliance. In the first step, the variation of the hippocampus delineation was investigated for two representative cases using the Dice similarity coefficients. In the second step, the participating institutions were requested to generate a HS-WBRT with SIB treatment plan for another representative case. The compliance of the treatment plans to the planning protocol was evaluated. RESULTS: In the first step, the median Dice similarity coefficients of the hippocampus contours for two other dummy run cases changed from 0.669 (range, 0.073 to 0.712) to 0.690 (range, 0.522 to 0.750) and from 0.291 (range, 0.219 to 0.522) to 0.412 (range, 0.264 to 0.598) after providing the hippocampus contouring feedback. In the second step, with providing additional plan priority and extended dose constraints to the target volumes and normal structures, we observed the improved compliance of the treatment plans to the planning protocol. CONCLUSION: The dummy run studies demonstrated the notable inter-institutional variability in delineating the hippocampus and treatment plan generation, which could be decreased through feedback from the trial center.


Subject(s)
Brain , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Compliance , Hippocampus , Lung Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prospective Studies , Radiation Oncology , Radiotherapy
10.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 149-155, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761015

ABSTRACT

In metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the role of radiotherapy (RT) has been limited to palliation to alleviate the symptoms. However, with the development of advanced RT techniques, recent advances in immuno-oncology therapy targeting programmed death 1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and targeted agents for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation or anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocation allowed new roles of RT in these patients. Within this metastatic population, there is a subset of patients with a limited number of sites of metastatic disease, termed as oligometastasis that can achieve long-term survival from aggressive local management. There is no consensus on the definition of oligometastasis; however, most clinical trials define oligometastasis as having 3 to 5 metastatic lesions. Recent phase II randomized clinical trials have shown that ablative RT, including stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) and hypofractionated RT, to primary and metastatic sites improved progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with oligometastatic NSCLC. The PEMBRO-RT study, a randomized phase II study comparing SABR prior to pembrolizumab therapy and pembrolizumab therapy alone, revealed that the addition of SABR improved the overall response, PFS, and OS in patients with advanced NSCLC. The efficacy of RT in oligometastatic lung cancer has only been studied in phase II studies; therefore, large-scale phase III studies are needed to confirm the benefit of local ablative RT in patients with oligometastatic NSCLC. Local intensified RT to primary and metastatic lesions is expected to become an important treatment paradigm in the near future in patients with metastatic lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Consensus , Disease-Free Survival , Lung Neoplasms , Lymphoma , Phosphotransferases , Radiotherapy , ErbB Receptors
11.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 241-248, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144721

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of extended-field radiation therapy for patients with thoracic superficial esophageal cancer (SEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2007 to October 2016, a total of 24 patients with thoracic SEC (T1a and T1b) who underwent definitive radiotherapy and were analyzed retrospectively. The median total radiotherapy dose was 64 Gy (range, 54 to 66 Gy) in conventional fractionation. All 24 patients received radiotherapy to whole thoracic esophagus and 23 patients received elective nodal irradiation. The supraclavicular lymph nodes, the celiac lymph nodes, and both of those nodal areas were included in 11, 3, and 9 patients, respectively. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 28.7 months (range 7.9 to 108.0 months). The 3-year overall survival, local control, and progression-free survival rates were 95.2%, 89.7%, and 78.7%, respectively. There were 5 patients (20.8%) with progression of disease, 2 local failures (8.3%) and 3 (12.5%) regional failures. Three patients also experienced distant metastasis and had died of disease progression. There were no treatment-related toxicities of grade 3 or higher. CONCLUSION: Definitive extended-field radiotherapy for thoracic SEC showed durable disease control rates in medically inoperable and endoscopically unfit patients. Even extended-field radiotherapy with elective nodal irradiation was safe without grade 3 or 4 toxicities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagus , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
12.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 241-248, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144708

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of extended-field radiation therapy for patients with thoracic superficial esophageal cancer (SEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2007 to October 2016, a total of 24 patients with thoracic SEC (T1a and T1b) who underwent definitive radiotherapy and were analyzed retrospectively. The median total radiotherapy dose was 64 Gy (range, 54 to 66 Gy) in conventional fractionation. All 24 patients received radiotherapy to whole thoracic esophagus and 23 patients received elective nodal irradiation. The supraclavicular lymph nodes, the celiac lymph nodes, and both of those nodal areas were included in 11, 3, and 9 patients, respectively. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 28.7 months (range 7.9 to 108.0 months). The 3-year overall survival, local control, and progression-free survival rates were 95.2%, 89.7%, and 78.7%, respectively. There were 5 patients (20.8%) with progression of disease, 2 local failures (8.3%) and 3 (12.5%) regional failures. Three patients also experienced distant metastasis and had died of disease progression. There were no treatment-related toxicities of grade 3 or higher. CONCLUSION: Definitive extended-field radiotherapy for thoracic SEC showed durable disease control rates in medically inoperable and endoscopically unfit patients. Even extended-field radiotherapy with elective nodal irradiation was safe without grade 3 or 4 toxicities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagus , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
13.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 669-677, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167301

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The correlation between radiation dose and loco-regional control (LRC) was evaluated in patients with stage II-III esophageal cancer treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 236 stage II-III esophageal cancer patients treated with definitive CRT at Yonsei Cancer Center between 1994 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Among these, 120 received a radiation dose of 60 Gy) is associated with increased LRC, PFS, and OS in patients with stage II-III esophageal cancer treated with definitive CRT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Drug Therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms , Karnofsky Performance Status , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 846-854, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63341

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy (CT) treatments of early-stage extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five patients with stage I or II ENKTL [n=39 (71%) and 16 (29%) patients, respectively] who were treated with RT between 1999 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. The median age was 54 years (range, 24-81). Patients were grouped by treatment modality as RT alone [n=19 (35%)], upfront CT plus RT [CT+RT, n=16 (29%)], and concurrent chemoradiotherapy [CCRT, n=20 (36%)]. The median RT dose was 48 Gy. Patient characteristics between each treatment group were well balanced. Patterns of failure and survival were analyzed. RESULTS: The overall response rate after RT was 94.6%. Ten patients experienced distant failure, and seven experienced local failure comprising five in-field and two out-field failures. The local and distant failure rates in the RT-alone group were the same (16%). In the CT+RT group, the most common failure sites were local (19%). In the CCRT group, the most common failures were distant (25%). At a median follow-up of 56 months (range, 1-178 months), the 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival rates were 66% and 54%, respectively. The 5-year OS rate for the RT-alone and CT+RT groups were 76% and 69%, respectively, and the 2-year OS rate for the CCRT group was 62% (p=0.388). CONCLUSION: In the era of multimodal treatment for ENKTL, RT alone using advanced techniques should be considered for local disease control, whereas maintenance CT regimens should be considered for distant disease control.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Chemoradiotherapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
15.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 125-131, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209407

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We reviewed treatment outcomes and prognostic factors for patients with salivary ductal carcinoma (SDC) treated with surgery and postoperative radiotherapy from 2005 to 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 16 patients were identified and 15 eligible patients were included in analysis. Median age was 61 years (range, 40 to 71 years) and 12 patients (80%) were men. Twelve patients (80%) had a tumor in the parotid gland, 9 (60%) had T3 or T4 disease, and 9 (60%) had positive nodal disease. All patients underwent surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered using 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy or intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Locoregional failure-free survival (LRFFS), distant failure-free survival (DFFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Differences in survival based on risk factors were tested using a log-rank test. RESULTS: Median total radiotherapy dose was 60 Gy (range, 52.5 to 63.6 Gy). Four patients received concurrent weekly chemotherapy with cisplatin. Among 10 patients who underwent surgery with neck dissection, 7 received modified radical neck dissection. With a median follow-up time of 38 months (range, 24 to 105 months), 4-year rates were 86% for LRFFS, 51% for DFFS, 46% for PFS, and 93% for OS. Local failure was observed in 2 patients (13%), and distant failure was observed in 7 (47%). The lung was the most common involved site of distant metastasis. CONCLUSION: Surgery and postoperative radiotherapy in SDC patients resulted in good local control, but high distant metastasis remained a major challenge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cisplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Lung , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Metastasis , Parotid Gland , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Risk Factors , Salivary Ducts
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 70-77, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86939

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of hypofractionated simultaneous integrated boost-intensity modulated radiotherapy (SIB-IMRT) using three-layered planning target volumes (PTV) for malignant gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 12 patients (WHO grade IV-10; III-2) postoperatively treated with SIB-IMRT with concurrent temozolomide. Three-layered PTVs were contoured based on gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging as follows; high risk PTV (H-PTV) as the area of surgical bed including residual gross tumor with a 0.5 cm margin; low risk PTV (L-PTV) as the area surrounding the high risk PTV with 1.5 cm margin; moderate risk PTV (M-PTV) as a line at one-third the distance from high risk PTV to low risk PTV. Total dose to high risk PTV was 70 Gy in 8 and 62.5 Gy in 4 patients. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 52 months in surviving patients. The 2- and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 66.6% and 47.6%, respectively. The 2- and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 57.1% and 45.7%, respectively. The median OS and PFS were 48 and 31 months, respectively. Six patients (50%) progressed: in-field only in one, out-field or disseminated in 4, and both in one patient. All patients completed planned treatments without a toxicity-related gap. Asymptomatic radiation necrosis was observed in 4 patients at post-radiotherapy 9-31 months. CONCLUSION: An escalated dose of hypofractionated SIB-IMRT using three-layered PTVs can be safely performed in patients with malignant glioma, and might contribute to better tumor control and survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Glioma/radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Retrospective Studies
17.
Gut and Liver ; : 526-535, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91774

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We investigated the treatment outcomes and prognostic factors of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with obstructive jaundice. METHODS: Among 2,861 patients newly diagnosed with HCC between 2002 and 2011, a total of 63 patients who initially presented with obstructive jaundice were analyzed. Only four patients presented with resectable tumors and underwent curative resection. In the other patients who presented with unresectable tumors, 5, 8, 9, and 18 patients received transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and combined treatment, respectively. Both the clinical and the treatment factors that affect overall survival (OS) were analyzed. RESULTS: The median OS was 4 months, and the 1-year OS rate was 23%. Patients who received treatment for HCC had a significantly improved OS rate compared with the patients who received supportive care only (1-year OS, 32% vs 0%; p<0.01). Responders to treatment showed a better OS than nonresponders (1-year OS, 52% vs 0%; p<0.01). TACE and radiotherapy resulted in relatively good treatment responses of 64% and 67%, respectively. In multivariate analyses, treatment of HCC (p=0.02) and the normalization of serum bilirubin by biliary drainage (p=0.02) were significantly favorable prognostic factors that affected the OS. CONCLUSIONS: Unresectable HCC with obstructive jaundice has a poor prognosis. However, effective biliary drainage and treatment of HCC such as with TACE or radiotherapy improves survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/complications , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Combined Modality Therapy , Drainage , Jaundice, Obstructive/complications , Liver Neoplasms/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 894-903, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223640

ABSTRACT

Despite the increasing use of the rectal balloon in prostate cancer radiotherapy, many issues still remain to be verified objectively including its positional reproducibility and relevance to treatment morbidity. We have developed a custom rectal balloon that has a scale indicating the depth of insertion and dilates symmetrically ensuring positional reproducibility. Fifty patients with prostate cancer treated by definitive 3D-conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with rectal balloon were analyzed. Each of first five patients undergone computed tomography (CT) three times with a rectal balloon. The positional reproducibility was tested by Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) from the CT-to-CT fusion images. Planning variables and clinical acute toxicities were compared between when or not applying balloon. An ICC of greater than 0.9 in all directions revealed an excellent reproducibility of the balloon. Rectal balloon improved considerably the mean dose and V(45Gy)-V(65Gy) in plan comparison, and especially in 3D-CRT the rectal volume exposed to more than 60 Gy dropped from 41.3% to 19.5%. Clinically, the balloon lowered acute toxicity, which was lowest when both the balloon and IMRT were applied simultaneously. The rectal balloon carries excellent reproducibility and reduces acute toxicity in 3D-CRT and IMRT for prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , /methods , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Neoplasm Staging , Prostatic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Rectum , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
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