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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of MRI dynamic enhancement in defining the upper edge of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction.Methods:The clinical data of 73 patients with adenocarcinoma on the esophagogastric junction operated from Jul 2018 to Aug 2019 in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent MRI examination within one week before surgery. First, the T 2WI, diffusion-weighted imaging and dynamic enhanced images of each patient were carefully observed to define the tumor location, size, shape, signal and enhancement mode, then the distances between the upper edge of the tumor and the cardiac incisure on MRI dynamic enhancement were measured independently, and compared with the measured distance in surgical fresh specimens. Results:The mean location of tumor upper edge measured in MRI of 73 patients was (1.75±1.98)cm, while measured in the surgical specimen was (1.72±1.97)cm. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( t=0.572, P=0.569). The intraclass correlation efficient between the two groups was excellent (ICC=0.974, 95% CI: 0.959-0.984, P<0.01). Conclusion:The measurement result of tumor upper edge in MRI is basically consistent with that of surgical specimens. MRI can be used to locate the tumor upper edge for adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction before operation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether adjuvant chemotherapy could be beneficial for patients with pT1N1M0 (stage ⅠB) gastric cancer.Methods:From Jan 2010 to Dec 2016, 185 patients with pT1N1M0 gastric cancer who were surgically resected at Henan Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into chemotherapy group ( n=100) and non chemotherapy group ( n=85). Results:For disease-free survival (DFS) analysis, univariate survival analysis showed that age, examined lymph nodes, vascular invasion, nerve invasion and adjuvant chemotherapy were associated with DFS (all P<0.05); multivariate analysis showed that lymph node resection ≥ 16 ( HR=0.363, 95% CI: 0.160-0.827, P=0.016), vascular invasion ( HR=4.117, 95% CI: 1.796-9.436, P=0.001) and postoperative chemotherapy ( HR=4.530, 95% CI: 1.932-10.622, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for DFS. For disease-specific survival (DSS) analysis, univariate survival analysis showed that lymph node resection, vascular invasion, nerve invasion and adjuvant chemotherapy were associated with DSS; multivariate analysis showed that lymph node resection ≥ 16 ( HR=0.344, 95% CI: 0.144-0.822, P=0.016), vascular invasion ( HR=5.113, 95% CI: 2.029-12.887, P=0.001) and postoperative chemotherapy ( HR=4.694, 95% CI: 1.854-11.888, P=0.001)were independent risk factors for DSS. According to examined lymph nodes and vascular invasion , pT1N1M0 patients were divided into three risk categories (high, medium and low). DFS and DSS were significantly different among the three risk groups (all P<0.001, respectively). Conclusion:pT1N1M0 gastric cancer patients are expected to benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients with less than 16 lymph nodes and vascular invasion may be particularly suitable for adjuvant chemotherapy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate a nano-carbon lymphatic tracing method for patients with rectal cancer after neoadjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy .Method:Retrospective analysis was made on 88 patients of rectal cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiation at the Department of General Surgery, He′nan Cancer Hospital from Jan 2016 to May 2020.According to whether nano-carbon lymph node was used or not, patients were divided into nanocarbon tracer group (study group) and non-nanocarbon tracer group (control group).Results:There was statistically significant in the number of havested lymph nodes between the two groups [15(11-19) vs.9(5-12), Z=5.227, P<0.001], There was no statistically significant in the number of positive lymph nodes between the two groups [0(0-0.25) vs.0(0-1), Z=1.199, P=0.231]. There were significant differences in the ratio of patients with less than 7 lymph nodes(0/34 vs.18/54, χ 2=14.248, P<0.001) and patients with less than 10 lymph nodes (4/34 vs.29/54, χ 2=15.657, P<0.001). Conclusions:The injection of nanocarbon after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy can increase the number of harvested postoperative lymph nodes and the ratio of patients with lymph nodes ≥7 and ≥10, which is more beneficial for prediction of the prognosis of patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of one-stitch prophylactic ileostomy in late ileostomy closure.Methods:The prospective randomized control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 141 patients with rectal cancer who underwent low anterior resection combined with prophylactic ileostomy in the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2016 to July 2020 were selected. There were 127 patients being selected after excluding 14 cases who did not undergo ileostomy closure. Patients undergoing one-stitch prophylactic ileostomy were divided into observation group, and patients undergoing traditional ileostomy were divided into control group. Observation indicators: (1) grouping situations of the enrolled patients; (2) surgical situations of ileostomy closure; (3) postoperative situations; (4) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination and telephone interview once a month after low anterior resection combined with prophylactic ileostomy to detect complication and death of patients. The end point was at 3 months after ileostomy closure. The follow-up was up to July 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( P25, P75) or M (range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Results:(1) Grouping situations of the enrolled patients: a total of 127 patients were selected for eligibility, aged from 31 to 83 years, with a median age of 64 years. Of 127 patients, there were 66 cases in observation group and 61 cases in control group. (2) Surgical situations of ileostomy closure: all patients from the two groups underwent ileostomy closure successfully. The incision length, operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, cases with abdominal adhesion degree as slight adhesion or obvious adhesion were 4.25 cm(4.00 cm, 5.00 cm), 48.00 minutes(33.75 minutes, 58.00 minutes), 30 mL(20 mL, 50 mL), 34, 32 of the observation group, versus 7.50 cm(7.00 cm, 8.50 cm), 70.00 minutes(57.00 minutes, 80.00 minutes), 30 mL(30 mL, 50 mL), 13, 48 of the control group, showing significant differences between the two groups ( Z=-9.549, -6.133, -2.758, χ2=12.405, P<0.05). (3) Postoperative situations: cases with incision infection of the observation group and the control group were 5 and 13, respectively, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=4.917, P<0.05). (4) Follow-up: all the 127 patients were followed up for 6-21 months, with a median follow-up time of 10 months. During the follow-up, 3 cases of the control group had postoperative incisional hernia and were cured after conservative treatment. None of patient had anastomotic leakage related complications or died during the follow-up. Conclusion:The one-stitch preventive ileostomy has the advantage of ileostomy closure, which can reduce the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss and shorten the incision length effectively, so as to reduce the incidence of postoperative incision infection related complications.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870537

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and perioperative safety of FLOT regimen in neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric adenocarcinoma.Methods:Data of 128 cases of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric adenocarcinoma at the General Surgery Department of He′nan Cancer Hospital from Jan2018 to July 2019 were divided into FLOT group and SOX/XELOX group.Results:The disease control rate in the FLOT group was 81%, while that in the SOX/XELOX group was only 60% ( P=0.040). In terms of TRG classification and ypT staging, the proportion of TRG0 / 1 in the FLOT group was 49%, which was significantly higher than 21% in the SOX / XELOX group ( P=0.001). In the FLOT group, ypT 0-4 was 2, 10, 8, 17 and 6, respectively, while in the SOX/XELOX group, ypT 0-4 was 1, 9, 15, 26 and 34, respectively, ( P=0.022). In the FLOT group, ypTNM stages Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ were 11, 20, and 12, respectively, while in the SOX/XELOX group, ypTNM stages Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ were 12, 30, and 43, respectively ( P=0.040). Complications occurred in 10 patients (23%) in the FLOT group and 18 patients (21%) in the SOX/XELOX group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:FLOT neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced gastric adenocarcinoma does not increase the incidence of perioperative complications while effecting tumor regression and downstaging compared to SOX/XELOX regimen.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate a new nano-carbon lymphatic tracing method to increase the number of lymph nodes acquired in patients with neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer.Method:From Jan 2015 to Mar 2016, 159 patients with gastric cancer were recruited including 66 cases in study group receiving nano carbon injection under the mucosa layer one day before the operation, and 93 cases with intraoperative subserosal layer injection as control.Results:The average number of lymph nodes obtained in the study group was 47.0±14.7, while that in control was 38.0±14.5, P<0.05. The number of fibrotic lymph nodes obtained in the study group was 3.1 ± 1.9, compared with 3.0±1.8 in control, P>0.05. The number of black-stained lymph nodes in the former was 22.3±4.4, and the later was 14.7±4.8, P<0.05. The lymph nodes harvested in the first station in study group was 26.6±8.5, while that in the control group was 24.1±9.9, P>0.05. The lymph nodes obtained in the second station was 20.4±6.9 in study group, while in control was 13.8±5.7, P<0.05. Conclusions:The submucosal injection of nanocarbon one day before surgery increase the number of lymph nodes obtained in gastric cancer patients with neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of preoperative endoscopic mucosal injection of carbon nanoparticle tracer and intraoperative serosa injection of carbon nanoparticle tracer on the acquisition of lymph nodes in total gastrectomy for gastric cancer.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of 118 patients with gastric cancer who underwent total gastrectomy in the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University between May 2017 and April 2018 were collected. There were 79 males and 39 females, aged from 26 to 81 years, with an average age of 59 years. Of 118 patients, 56 patients undergoing preoperative endoscopic mucosal injection of carbon nanoparticle tracer were divided into observation group and 62 patients undergoing intraoperative serosa injection of carbon nanoparticle tracer were divided into control group. Observation indicators: the total number of lymph node dissected, the number of positive lymph node dissected, the number of lymph node dissected at the first station and the number of lymph node dissected at the second station. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the independent-sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the rank sum test. Results:The total number of lymph node dissected, the number of positive lymph node dissected, the number of lymph node dissected at the first station, the number of lymph node dissected at the second station of the observation group were 48±16, 3(range, 0-25), 26±9, 23±7, respectively. The above indicators of the control group were 41±13, 4(range, 0-28), 25±8, 16±5, respectively. There were significant differences in the total number of lymph node dissected and the number of lymph node dissected at the second station between the two groups ( t=2.494, 6.588, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the number of positive lymph node dissected and the number of lymph node dissected at the first station between the two groups ( Z=0.747, t=1.689, P>0.05). Conclusions:Carbon nanoparticle labeled lymph node staining using preoperative endoscopic mucosal injection of carbon nanoparticle tracer or intraoperative serosa injection of carbon nanoparticle tracer is safe and effective in total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Compared with intraoperative serosa injection of carbon nanoparticle tracer, preoperative endoscopic mucosal injection of carbon nanoparticle tracer can increase the total number of lymph node dissected, especially the number of lymph node dissected at the second station of gastric cancer.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616821

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors of ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal cancer (UC-CRC).Methods The retrospective case-control study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 536 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) who were admitted to the Henan Tumor Hospital from March 2004 to June 2015 were collected.Observation indicators:(1) follow-up results:cases with follow-up,follow-up time,cases of UC-CRC,age of onset,pathological type of UC-CRC;(2) risk factors analysis affecting occurrence of UC-CRC:gender,age of onset,course of disease,severity of disease,disease classification,extent of lesion,smoking history,family history of colorectal cancer,anemia,hypoproteinemia,body weight loss,extraintestinal manifestations,colonic polyps,backwash ileitis,atypical hyperplasia,anxiety or depression,treatment method and regular endoscopy reexamination.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect prognosis of patients up to April 2017.Patients underwent colonoscopy once every 6 months within 3 years after diagnosis and once every 1 year after 3 years.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range).The univariate analysis was done using the chi-square test and Fisher exact probability.The multivariate analysis was done using the Logistic regression model.Results (1) Follow-up results:of 536 patients,450 were followed up for 26.0-120.0 months,with a median time of 76.4 months.During the follow-up,16 patients were complicated with UC-CRC,including 9 males and 7 females.Age of onset of colorectal cancer was 14-78 years,with an average age of onset of 44 years.Pathological type:high-differentiated right colon adenocarcinoma was detected in 5 patients,high-and moderate-differentiated left colon adenocarcinoma in 3 patients,left colon signetring cell carcinoma in 2 patients,moderate-differentiated rectal tubular adenocarcinoma in 3 patients,highdifferentiated rectal papillary adenocarcinoma in 2 patients and malignant lymphoma in 1 patient.(2) Risk factors analysis affecting occurrence of UC-CRC:the results of univariate analysis showed that course of disease,extent of lesion,colonic polyps and atypical hyperplasia were risk factors affecting occurrence of UC-CRC (x2 =14.848,18.885,10.554,P<0.05).The results of multivariate analysis showed that course of disease > 10 years,lesion involving the whole colon,colonic polyps and atypical hyperplasia were independent risk factors affecting occurrence of UC-CRC (OR=12.893,17.847,7.326,19.742,95% confidence interval:1.726-74.337,1.445-89.793,1.263-43.128,3.625-96.524,P<0.05).Conclusion The course of disease > 10 years,lesion involving the whole colon,atypical hyperplasia and colonic polyps are independent risk factors affecting occurrence of UC-CRC.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609810

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of the curved cutter stapler device combined with trans-orally inserted anvil (OrVil) in the radical resection of Siewert type Ⅱ adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG).Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 206 patients with Siewert type Ⅱ AEG who were admitted to the Henan Tumor Hospital between March 2011 and March 2016 were collected.All the 206 patients underwent radical resection and 3-step clock wise total gastrectomy + D2 lymph node dissection.Observation indicators:(1) surgery and postoperative recovery situations:surgical approach,overall operation time,hammer anvil placing time,esophagojejunal anastomosis time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,number of lymph node dissected,time to anal exsufflation,postoperative complications and duration of postoperative hospital stay;(2) postoperative pathological examination and chemotherapy;(3) follow-up and survival situations.Follow-up using telephone interview and outpatient examination was performed to detect tumor-free survival of patients up to April 2016.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as x±s.The survival rate was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method.Results (1) Surgery and postoperative recovery situations:all the 206 patients received successful operations,including 85 with abdominal operation,50 with abdominal incision through the diaphragmatic muscle into thoracic surgery and 71 with thoracic-abdominal surgery.Overall operation time,hammer anvil placing time,esophagojejunal anastomosis time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,number of lymph node dissected,time to anal exsufflation and duration of hospital stay were (113.7± 15.4)minutes,(3.5± 1.2)minutes,(10.4±2.9)minutes,(128±25) mL,32± 6,(2.4 ± 0.9) days and (12.3 ± 1.9) days,respectively.Of 206 patients,15 with postoperative complications were cured by conservative treatment,including 6 with implicit anastomotic fistula,3 with dominant anastomotic fistula,2 with pancreatic leakage,2 with intestinal obstruction,1 with anastomotic stenosis and 1 with thoracic and abdominal infection.There was no reoperation due to perioperative complications.(2) Postoperative pathological examination and chemotherapy:postoperative pathological results showed that distance from resection margin of the esophagus to tumor was (5.2±0.4) cm,without cancer cells in the resection margin.Among 206 patients,171 received postoperative chemotherapy by S1 single agent combined with oxaliplatin for 6-8 cycles or oral S1 single agent for 1 year.(3) Follow-up and survival situations:206 patients were followed up for (2.7± 0.3)years,with a tumor-free 3-year survival rate of 58%.During the follow-up,there was no recurrent anastomotic tumor.Conclusion The curved cutter stapler device combined with OrVil in the radical resection of Siewert type Ⅱ AEG can simplify the difficulty of esophagojejunal anastomosis and guarantee the safe resection margin of the lower esophagus.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508458

ABSTRACT

Background:Colonoscopy is difficult in elderly patients and is accompanied by more frequent abdominal pain and tissue injury. Aims:To investigate the impact of water infusion colonoscopy on abdominal pain and inflammatory response in elderly patients. Methods:Forty elderly patients requiring colonoscopy were enrolled from Jan. 2014 to Jun. 2016 at the Nanyang Second People’s Hospital and randomly allocated into two groups:colonoscopy with traditional air insufflation and colonoscopy with water infusion instead of air insufflation for cecal intubation. Times of cecal intubation and withdrawal were recorded;visual analogue scale( VAS)was used to assess the severity of abdominal pain;and serum levels of three inflammatory indices,tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),interleukin-6(IL-6)and C-reactive protein(CRP)were determined by ELISA before and after the procedure. Results:VAS score at colonoscopy in water infusion group was significantly lower than that in air insufflation group(P﹤0. 05),however,times of cecal intubation and withdrawal were not significantly different between the two groups(P﹥0. 05). Before the procedure,serum levels of inflammatory indices were similar between air insufflation group and water infusion group(P﹥0. 05);0,6 and 24 hours after the procedure, serum levels of TNF-α,IL-6 and CRP in air insufflation group were significantly increased(P﹤0. 05)and higher than those in water infusion group at the same time points(P﹤0. 05). These inflammatory indices were recovered more rapidly in water infusion group than in air insufflation group. Conclusions:For elderly patients,colonoscopy with water infusion might ameliorate abdominal pain and inhibit systemic inflammatory response effectively.

11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 195-200, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808387

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the predictive and prognostic significance of high-sensitivity modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (HS-mGPS) on the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer.@*Methods@#117 patients with advanced gastric cancer received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with SOX (oxaliplatin+ S1) or mFOLFOX 6(oxaliplatin+ CF+ 5-FU) regimen. HS-mGPS was calculated according to blood C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration and serum albumin (ALB) level. The correlation between HS-mGPS and clinicopathological characteristics was determined and the predictors of survival were analyzed.@*Results@#117 patients with stage ⅡB (43 cases), stage Ⅲ (60), and stage Ⅳ (14) received preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The overall response rate of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was 61.5%(72/117), and the tumor control rate was 88.0% (103/117), with a pathological response rate of 91.5% (107/117). The R0 resection rate was 81.2% (95/117). The median disease-free survival (DFS) was 21.0 (95% CI 6.4-35.6) months. The median overall survival (OS) was 39.0 (95% CI 21.4-56.6) months. Higher HS-mGPS was associated with higher T stage, local lymph-node metastasis, distant metastasis, lower chemotherapy overall response rate and lower pathological response rate (all P<0.05). The univariate analysis and multivariate analysis showed that higher HS-mGPS, presence of local lymph-node metastasis and non R0 resection were associated with poorer DFS and OS (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#HS-mGPS can be used to predict the benefits of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and as an independent prognostic factor for survival in patients with advanced gastric cancer.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669132

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the surgical approach of retroperitoneal giant tumors not crossing the midline.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 60 cases of resected giant retroperitoneal tumors (diameter > 10 cm) totally located one-sided of the obdominal cavity from September 2010 to May 2016 in Henan Cancer Hospital.Results Fifty-nine patients underwent successful resection of the tumor,the average operation time was (110 ± 13) min,with an average bleeding volume of (635 ± 22) ml.One patient died of postoperative intra abdominal bleeding.32 cases died during the follow-up for tumor recurrence.The median survival time was 63 months,and the survival rates of the patients at 1,3,and 5 years were 96%,80%,and 54%.Conclusion For large retroperitoneal tumors within one side of the midline,appropriate surgical approach and surgical strategy can reduce the operation time and improve the operation safety.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the application of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy in anterior resection of low rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>From May 2015 to March 2016, 70 consecutive low rectal cancer patients undergoing anterior resection and preventive transverse colostomy in our department were recruited in this prospective study. According to the random number table method, 70 patients were divided into three-stitch transverse colostomy group(observation group, n=35) and traditional transverse colostomy group(control group, n=35). Procedure of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy was as follows: firstly, at the upper 1/3 incision 0.5-1.0 cm distance from the skin, 7# silk was used to suture from outside to inside, then the needle belt line went through the transverse edge of the mesangial avascular zone. At the lower 1/3 incision 0.5-1.0 cm distance from the skin, 7# silk was used to suture from inside to outside, then silk went through the transverse edge of the mesangial avascular zone again and was ligatured. Finally, in the upper and lower ends of the stoma, 7# silk was used to suture and fix transverse seromuscular layer and the skin. The operation time and morbidity of postoperative complications associated with colostomy were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups(all P>0.05). The operative time of observation group was shorter than that of control group [(3.2±1.3) min vs. (15.5±3.4) min, P<0.05]. Incidences of colostomy skin-mucous separation, dermatitis, stoma rebound were significantly lower in observation group [5.7%(2/35) vs. 34.3%(12/35), P=0.007; 8.6%(3/35) vs. 31.4%(11/35), P=0.036; 0 vs. 17.1%(6/35), P=0.025, respectively], while incidences of parastomal hernia and stoma prolapse in two groups were similar (both P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with traditional transverse colostomy method, the three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy has more operating advantages and can reduce postoperative complications associated with colostomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Colostomy , Methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Humans , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Stomas , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317569

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the technical advantages of nano carbon development combined with artery approach in lymph node sorting of rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From December 2015 to June 2016, 70 patients with of rectal cancer in General Surgery Department of Henan Cancer Hospital were randomly divided into nano carbon development combined with artery approach group(artery approach group) and conventional group. Specimen of artery approach group was placed on the sorting table. Anatomy was performed from the root of inferior mesenteric artery to left colonic artery, sigmoid artery and superior rectal artery. Along the arterial vessel shape, the black-stained lymph nodes and non-stained lymph nodes (perhaps pink, pale yellow, white or pale brown) were examined carefully using visual and haptic combination method for identification of lymph node. From the root of inferior mesenteric artery, central lymph nodes were sorted. Along the vessel shape, vascular lymph nodes were sorted. Intestinal lymph nodes around the rectum were examined as well. Then, specimen was reversed on the sorting table and underwent sorting as above after the examination of obverse. The conventional group received routine method. The total number, the average harvested number, the number of positive lymph nodes and the number of patients with lymph nodes less than 12 were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 70 cases, 37 were male and 33 were female with the median age of 57(32-88) years old. Dixon resection was performed in 46 cases, and Miles resection in 24 cases. Total sorting lymph node was 1 105, including 641 of artery approach group and 464 of control group with significant difference (t=20.717, P=0.000). Lymph node sorting time of artery approach group was (12.6±3.9) minutes, which was shorter than (18.2±4.1) minutes of control group (t=12.464, P=0.000). In artery approach group, number of lymph node with diameter less than 5 mm was 142, sorting rate was 22.2%(142/641), of which 29 were positive(20.4%). In conventional group, 37 lymph nodes with diameter less than 5 mm were found, and sorting rate was 8.0%(37/464), of which 6 were positive(16.2%). Number of the first station of lymph node sorting in artery approach group and conventional group was 282(44%) and 169(36.4%); number of the second station lymph node sorting was 230(35.9%) and 180(38.8%); number of the third station lymph node sorting was 129(20.1%) and 115(24.8%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method of nano carbon development combined with artery approach in lymph node sorting of rectal cancer has some advantages, such as simple operation, more harvested lymph nodes, and more accurate pathological staging.</p>

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