Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 18 de 18
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1008-1012, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956621

ABSTRACT

As varus posteromedial rotatory instability (VPMRI) is not common, its injury mechanisms are complex and presents no obvious dislocation on X-ray, it may be considered as a simple coronoid fracture, likely leading to a missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. Moreover, the treatment of VPMRI is also controversial. Conservative treatment or improper treatment can cause serious complications. Therefore, this review expounds on the injury mechanisms, anatomical structure, O'Driscoll classification, imaging examination, treatment and postoperative rehabilitation of this complicated elbow injury which is rare and difficult to treat clinically.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 673-678, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of preoperative nutritional status on postoperative functional prognosis in elderly patients with proximal humerus fracture.Methods:From January 2020 to December 2020, 103 elderly patients (≥65 years old) were treated for proximal humerus fractures by open reduction and internal fixation at Department of Traumatology, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University. Upon admission, according to the Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI), they were assigned into a normal nutrition group (55 cases, with GNRI≥92) and a malnutrition group (48 cases, with GNRI<92). The baseline data, preoperative hemoglobin level, time from injury to operation, intraoperative blood transfusion, postoperative complications, 1-year mortality, and Neer shoulder functional scores at 3 months, 6 months and the last follow-up were compared between the 2 groups.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences in gender, injury side, Neer fracture classification, injury cause, or American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grading ( P>0.05). The age of the malnutrition group was significant older than that of the normal nutrition group ( P<0.05). All patients were followed up for 9 to 16 months (mean, 13.6 months) after surgery. In the normal nutrition group and the malnutrition group, respectively, the preoperative hemoglobin level was (10.24±0.68) g/dL and (8.94±0.89) g/dL, the time from injury to operation (3.9±1.3) d and (5.8±1.2) d, the rate of intraoperative blood transfusion 14.5%(8/55) and 60.4%(29/48), the rate of postoperative complications 20.0%(11/55) and 39.6%(19/48), the 1-year mortality 1.8%(1/55)、4.2%(2/48), and the Neer shoulder function score (46.7±8.8) points and (43.2±5.6) points at 3 months after operation, (67.6±6.2) points and (76.3±5.5) points at 6 months after operation, and (80.4±5.0) points and (76.3±5.5) points at the last follow-up. Comparisons of all the above items showed significant differences between the 2 groups (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Preoperative malnutrition in elderly patients with proximal humerus fracture has adverse effects on preoperative waiting time, intraoperative blood transfusion, complications and postoperative shoulder function. Therefore, perioperatively, attention should be paid to the nutritional status of elderly patients to reduce their stress responses to fracture, surgery and anesthesia, and to improve their postoperative function and quality of life.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 81-87, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences in incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after closed fracture of lower extremity between patients with different blood types ABO.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in the 1, 951 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedics Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University for lower extremity fractures from August 2014 to June 2018. They were 924 males and 1,027 females with a mean age of 63 (46, 78) years (range, from 16 to 102 years). Of them, 572 were type O, 564 type A, 609 type B and 206 type AB. Venous ultrasonography was performed on both lower extremities within 12 hours after admission. The incidences of DVT after fracture were compared between different blood types in all the patients, patients with proximal fracture of the knee, peri-knee fracture and distal fracture of the knee, and patients<60 years old and ≥60 years old.Results:The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 26.75% (153/572), 28.72% (162/564), 34.32% (209/609) and 29.61% (61/206) for patients with blood type O, type A, type B and type AB. The DVT incidence for type B was significantly higher than that for type O ( P< 0.008). The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 28.74% (98/341), 28.99% (100/345), 39.45% (144/365) and 30.97% (35/113) for blood type O, type A, type B and type AB in the patients with proximal fracture of the knee. The DVT incidence for blood type B was significantly higher than those for blood type O and blood type A ( P< 0.008). There were no significant differences in the DVT incidence between different blood types ABO in the patients with peri-knee fracture, distal fracture of the knee,<60 years old or ≥60 years old( P>0.05). The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 30.99% (97/313), 33.33% (108/324), 45.22% (156/345), 34.74% (33/95) for blood type O, type A, type B and type AB in the patients ≥60 years old. The DVT incidence for blood type B was significantly higher than those for blood type O and blood type A ( P< 0.008). Conclusions:The incidence of DVT varied with different blood types ABO after lower extremity fracture. The highest DVT incidence was found in patients with blood type B. The impact of blood type on the DVT incidence after lower extremity fracture was mainly observed in the patients with proximal fracture of the knee or an age of ≥ 60 years old.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 864-870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the association between preoperative hemoglobin amount and incidence of lower limb deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with lower limb fracture.Methods:A retrospective study was performed of the 2, 482 patients with lower limb fracture who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University from July 2014 to August 2019. They were 1, 174 males and 1, 308 females with an age of (60.6±19.3) years. Recorded were the patients' age, gender, injury time, hemoglobin amount, D-dimer measurement, combined medical conditions, time and results of ultrasound vein examination on both lower extremities. According to the ultrasound results, the patients were divided into a thrombosis group and a thrombosis-free group. The 2 groups were compared in hemoglobin amount. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between preoperative hemoglobin amount and incidence of lower limb DVT. The patients were divided into 5 groups according to the quintile of hemoglobin amount; the incidences of thrombosis were compared between the 5 groups.Results:The total incidence of DVT in this cohort was 29.53%(733/2, 482). The hemoglobin amount in the thrombosis group was (116.57±19.24) g/L, significantly lower than that in the thrombosis-free group (124.76±19.79) g/L ( P<0.05). The preoperative hemoglobin amount was a risk factor for incidence of DVT after a lower limb fracture ( OR=0.985, 95% CI: 0.980 to 0.990, P<0.001). As the quintile level of hemoglobin increased, the incidence of DVT showed a downward trend. In comparison of the group with the highest DVT incidence (40.58%) and the group with the lowest DVT incidence (17.27%), the risk increased by 2.386 times (95% CI: 1.718 to 3.315). Conclusions:The preoperative hemoglobin amount can affect the DVT incidence after a lower limb fracture, and a low hemoglobin amount may more likely lead to lower limb DVT.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 669-673, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) with versus without B-ultrasound surface localization of the upper arm nerves in the treatment of fractures of the middle and upper humeral shaft.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 105 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Honghui Hospital for fractures of the middle and upper humeral shaft from August 2015 to May 2017. They were divided into 2 groups according to whether or not B-ultrasound surface localization of the upper arm nerves had been used in MIPPO. There were 52 cases in the B-ultrasound localization group and 53 cases in the simple MIPPO group. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture union time and complications. The shoulder joint functions were assessed at the last follow-up using the Neer shoulder joint function scoring.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). There were significant differences between the B-ultrasound localization group and the simple MIPPO group in operation time [(62.8±8.6) min versus (96.8±7.5) min], or intraoperative blood loss [(107.4±5.6) mL versus (215.4±7.2) mL]. Neer shoulder function scoring showed that the excellent and good rate in the B-ultrasound localization group [94.2% (49/52)] was significantly higher than that in the simple MIPPO group [81.1% (43/53)] ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In the MIPPO of fractures of the upper and middle humeral shaft, B-ultrasound surface localization of the upper arm nerves should be used as preoperative routines to reduce operation time and intraoperative blood loss to improve prognostic functions of the shoulder.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1090-1098, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of metaphyseal expansion and non-expansion when using proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA)in the treatment of severe osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 66 elderly patients with severe osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2019 to January 2020, including 49 males and 17 females. The age ranged from 75 to 89 years[(80.9±3.3)years]. The AO types of fractures were 31-A1 in 23 patients, 31-A2 in 22 and 31-A3 in 21. A total of 34 patients were stabilized by the PFNA technique with metaphyseal expansion(metaphyseal expansion group)and 32 patients received PFNA fixation without metaphyseal expansion(metaphyseal non-expansion group). The total blood loss, hidden blood loss, intraoperative blood loss, dominant blood loss, postoperative drainage, transfusion volume, transfusion rate, operation time, hospital stay and fracture healing time were compared between the two groups. The hip functional recovery was assessed by Harris hip score at 1, 3, 6 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up. The incidence of complications was observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-17 months[(13.5±1.1)months]. The total blood loss, hidden blood loss, intraoperative blood loss, dominant blood loss, postoperative drainage in metaphyseal expansion group were(976.3±210.1)ml,(712.4±224.4)ml,(139.4±21.0)ml,(263.8±36.3)ml,(124.4±29.5)ml respectively, significantly higher than those in metaphyseal non-expansion group[(799.0±119.5)ml,(603.0±136.4)ml,(94.1±18.8)ml,(195.9±35.4)ml,(101.9±27.5)ml]( P<0.05). The transfusion volume[2(0, 2)U]and transfusion rate[53%(18/34)]in metaphyseal expansion group ware increased compared to metaphyseal non-expansion group[0(0, 1.5)U, 25%(8/32)]( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time or hip Harris score at 1, 3, 6 months after surgery and the last follow-up between the two groups( P>0.05). No wedge-shaped distraction deformity, fracture nonunion, femoral head necrosis, wound infection, pulmonary embolism or fat embolism occurred in both groups. There was no significant difference in the incidence of iatrogenic lateral wall fracture, lower limb venous thrombosis or postoperative medical complications between the two groups( P>0.05). Conclusion:For elderly patients with severe osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture, both PFNA with metaphyseal expansion and non-expansion can achieve satisfactory results, while the metaphyseal non-expansion is superior in perioperative blood loss and transfusion rate.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 437-442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effect of combined anterior and posterior approach and posterior median approach to treat O'Driscoll type III b fracture of ulnar coronoid process.Methods:A retrospective case control study was made on 67 patients with O'Driscoll type III b fracture of ulnar coronoid process treated in Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to January 2019, including 35 males and 32 females, aged from 21 to 61 years [(38.0±9.4)years]. Among them, 31 patients were treated with combined anterior and posterior approach for reduction and internal fixation (combined approach group), and 36 patients with median posterior elbow approach group for reduction and internal fixation (posterior elbow approach group). The operation time, amount of intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time were compared between groups. The visual analogue score (VAS), elbow joint range of motion and Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) were assessed for pain and function evaluation at postoperative 1, 3, 6 months and at the last follow-up. The occurrence of complications were observed as well.Results:All patients were followed up for 12 to 28 months [(20.1±4.2)months]. There was no significant difference in operation time and VAS between the two groups ( P>0.05). The intraoperative blood loss [(133.6±20.3)ml] and fracture healing time [(12.3±1.7)months] in combined approach group were less or shorter than those in posterior elbow approach group [(144.4±22.1)ml, (13.2±2.0)months] ( P<0.05). The range of flexion and extension of elbow joint in combined approach group [(88.7±10.8)°, (111.1±13.9)°, (121.3±14.1)°, (127.1±13.3)°] was higher than that in posterior elbow approach group [(74.5±11.8)°, (97.6±12.6)°, (111.3±13.0)°, (115.2±12.7)°] at postoperative 1, 3, 6 months and at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). The MEPS in combined approach group [(31.7±8.6)points, (55.6±9.3)points, (84.6±10.5)points, (85.0±10.3)points] was higher than that in posterior elbow approach group [(27.2±8.2)points, (50.7±8.7)points, (77.4±11.2)points, (80.1±9.4)points] at postoperative 1, 3, 6 months and last follow-up ( P<0.05). The incidence of complications in combined approach group [10%(3/31)] was lower than that in posterior elbow approach group [31%(11/36)]( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with the simple posterior elbow median approach, the combined anterior and posterior elbow approach for treatment of O'Driscoll type IIIb fracture of ulnar coronoid process has lower intraoperative blood loss, faster fracture healing, lower incidence of complications and better elbow function.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 753-758, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of deep venous thrombosis in patients before hip arthroplasty, and to explore the possible causes of postoperative thrombosis.Methods:The clinical data of 361 patients with hip arthroplasty treated in the Department of Orthopaedic Trauma of Xi′an Honghui Hospital from September 2015 to December 2019 were studied retrospectively, including 102 males and 259 females, aged 65 to 94 years, and the average age was 72.25 years old. All fracture patients were given subcutaneous injection of low molecular weight heparin calcium to prevent lower extremity thrombosis. The deep veins of both lower extremities were examined before and after operation. The general data of the two groups of patients were collected and recorded, including age, sex, whether complicated with medical diseases (essential hypertension, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease), serological indexes, time from injury to admission, and time from admission to operation. The software of SPSS 19.0 was used for statistical analysis.Results:The incidence of lower limb DVT, before operation was 29.92%, including 26 males (24.07%) and 82 females (75.93%). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes mellitus ( OR=2.127, 95% CI: 1.134-3.989, P=0.019), coronary heart disease ( OR=1.692, 95% CI: 1.056-2.713, P=0.029) and the time from injury to admission ( OR=1.677, 95% CI: 1.037-2.712, P=0.035) were independent risk factors for DVT in elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty. The incidence of lower limb DVT, after operation was 46.54%. After operation, proximal thrombus were occurred in 2 cases (1.19%), distal thrombus in 143 cases (85.12%), and mixed thrombus in 23 cases (13.69%). Postoperative thrombus was ipsilateral to the fracture limb in 84 cases (50.00%), thrombus was located in the healthy side of the fracture in 19 cases (11.31%), and DVT occurred in 65 cases (38.69%) in both lower limbs. Conclusions:Delayed admission longed than 48 hours, coronary heart disease and diabetes mellitus are the risk factors for the formation of DVT. The thrombus that existed before operation and did not disappear after operation accounted for 48.81% of the total incidence of postoperative thrombosis, and the new thrombus accounted for 51.19% of the total incidence of postoperative thrombosis. For the elderly patients with femoral neck fracture undergoing hip arthroplasty, ultrasonic examination of both lower limbs should be performed before and after operation to find the changes of thrombus in time and do a good job of prevention and treatment.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 497-501, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863365

ABSTRACT

The coronal process of ulna is an important stable structure in front of the elbow joint, which is composed of the tip of the coronal process, towering tubercle and anterior medial face. The fracture of the coronal process is often accompanied by the fracture and dislocation of the elbow joint, which leads to the instability of the elbow joint. The coronoid process has the advantages of small size, special shape, complex surrounding soft tissue structure, and plays an important role in the stability of the elbow joint. The selection of safe, minimally invasive and well exposed surgical approach is a necessary condition for safe and effective internal fixation. The choice of surgical approach must comprehensively consider the concomitant injury and choose the best surgical approach. This article mainly describes the normal anatomical structure of the coronal process and around the elbow joint, analyzes the biomechanics and stability of the coronal process in the elbow joint, and reviews the latest progress in surgical treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 986-990, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800794

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the role of acromioclavicular ligament in maintaining the stability of acromioclavicular joint.@*Methods@#In 12 cadaveric specimens of normal shoulder joint which had been routinely treated by formalin, the coracoclavicular ligaments (trapezium and conical ligaments) were dissected and exposed after soft tissue was removed from the surface. The distribution of the insertion and starting points, appearance and attachment area of the trapezium and conical ligaments were observed. The lengths of the 2 ligaments, the coronal and sagittal lengths of the clavicular attachment area, the distances from the most lateral point to the distal end of the clavicle, and the angles at the coronal and sagittal positions of the 2 ligaments were measured. Subsequently, the 12 cadaveric specimens were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=3). Group A retained the intact acromioclavicular ligament, group B the intact coracoclavicular ligament, group C the intact trapezium ligament and group D the intact conical ligament. In an electronic machine for versatile mechanical tests, a 100 mm/min load speed was applied for destructive static stretching of the ligament specimens in the vertical direction. The load-displacement curves were recorded and drawn by a computer in connection with the biomechanical testing machine. The rupture strengths of the 4 ligaments were recorded.@*Results@#The average lengths of the conical and trapezium ligaments were 10.6 mm and 12.5 mm, respectively. The coronal and sagittal lengths of the clavicular attachment area of the conical ligament averaged 13.4 mm and 5.8 mm, respectively. The coronal and sagittal lengths of the clavicular attachment area of the trapezium ligament averaged 14.2 mm and 8.7 mm, respectively. The distances from the most lateral points of the conical and trapezium ligaments to the distal clavicle averaged 35.5 mm and 23.6 mm, respectively. The average angles at the coronal and sagittal positions were 6.2° and 11.3° for the conical ligament and 38.7°and 6.9° for the trapezium ligament, respectively. The average tensile force was 201.3±1.9 N for the acromioclavicular ligament rupture, 374.6±1.4 N for the coracoclavicular ligament rupture, 192.3±4.3 N for the trapezium ligament rupture, and 345.7±1.1 N for the conical ligament rupture.@*Conclusions@#The roles and contributions of the conical, trapezium and acromioclavicular ligaments are different in maintaining the stability of the acromioclavicular joint. In anatomical reconstruction of the acromioclavicular joint, it is more important to reconstruct the conical ligament and to repair the acromioclavicular ligament simultaneously as much as possible.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 446-454, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751655

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the occurrence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the perioperative period of patients with fracture distal to the knee,so that clinicians have a better understanding of the occurrence of DVT in the perioperative period of the fracture distal to the knee.Methods A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 365 patients with distal knee fractures who underwent surgery in the Department of Orthopaedics Trauma,Xi'an Jiaotong University Medical College Red Cross Hospital from June 2014 to March 2018 was conducted.There were 213 males and 152 females,aged (45.05 ± 15.24) years,with an age range of 17-83 years.Classification of fracture sites:177 cases of tibiofibular shaft fracture,130 cases of ankle fracture,and 58 cases of foot fracture.According to whether thrombosis occurred or not,the patients were divided into thrombotic group and non-thrombotic group before and after operation.There were 66 patients with thrombosis before operation,299 patients without thrombosis before operation,88 patients with thrombosis after operation,and 277 patients without thrombosis after operation.The incidence of thrombosis and the location of the thrombus were recorded.The sex,age,fracture site,ASA score,operation time,the time from injury to admission,the time from injury to surgery,intraoperative tourniquet time,intraoperative blood transfusion volume,intraoperative blood loss,intraoperative transfusion volume,hemoglobin volume at admission and 1 day after operation,D-dimer level at admission and 1 day after operation,multiple injuries,chronic hepatitis and medical diseases were analyzed.The measuremernt data of normal distribution and homogeneity of variance were expressed as mean ± standard deviation (Mean ± SD),the t test was used for comparison between two groups.The comparison of count data was performed by x2 test or Fisher exact probability method,and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed on the risk factors affecting the occurrence of DVT in both lower extremities.Results The preoperative DVT rate was 18.1% (66/365).In patients with thrombosis,distal thrombosis accounted for 93.94% (62/66),and mixed thrombosis accounted for 6.06% (4/66).The incidence of postoperative DVT was 24.1% (88/365).In patients with thrombosis,distal thrombosis accounted for 94.32% (83/88),proximal thrombosis accounted for 1.14% (1/88),and mixed thrombus accounted for 4.55% (4/88).Fracture site,ASA score,operation time,intraoperative tourniquet time,intraoperative blood transfusion volume,intraoperative blood loss,intraoperative transfusion volume were not statistically significant(P >0.05).Age ≥ 40 years (OR =2.691,95% CI:1.422-5.093,P =0.002),the time from injury to admission > 3 days (OR =1.927,95 % CI:1.072-3.463,P =0.028)were independent risk factors for DVT formation in fracture distal to the knee before operation.Age ≥ 40 years (OR =3.925,95 % CI:2.161-7.129,P =0.000),the time from injury to surgery > 5 days (OR =1.835,95 % CI:1.080-3.119,P =0.025),D-dimer level at 1 day after operation (OR =1.191,95% CI:1.096-1.293,P =0.000),combined with multiple injuries (OR =1.981,95% CI:1.006-3.902,P =0.048),combined with coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (OR =2.692,95% CI:1.112-6.517,P =0.028) were independent risk factor for DVT formation after operation for fracture distal to the knee.Conclusions The occurrence of DVT before and after the fracture of the knee is mainly caused by distal thrombosis,and proximal thrombosis also occurs.Those patients aged≥40 years,combined with multiple injuries and coronary heart disease,should focus on preventing the occurrence of DVT.After the injury,the patient is immediately admitted to the hospital for DVT screening,and when the general condition allowed,shortening the preoperative waiting time can reduce the occurrence of DVT.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 986-990, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824409

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the role of acromioclavicular ligament in maintaining the stability of acromioclavicular joint.Methods In 12 cadaveric specimens of normal shoulder joint which had been routinely treated by formalin,the coracoclavicular ligaments (trapezium and conical ligaments) were dissected and exposed after soft tissue was removed from the surface.The distribution of the insertion and starting points,appearance and attachment area of the trapezium and conical ligaments were observed.The lengths of the 2 ligaments,the coronal and sagittal lengths of the clavicular attachment area,the distances from the most lateral point to the distal end of the clavicle,and the angles at the coronal and sagittal positions of the 2 ligaments were measured.Subsequently,the 12 cadaveric specimens were randomly divided into 4 groups (n =3).Group A retained the intact acromioclavicular ligament,group B the intact coracoclavicular ligament,group C the intact trapezium ligament and group D the intact conical ligament.In an electronic machine for versatile mechanical tests,a 100 mm/min load speed was applied for destructive static stretching of the ligament specimens in the vertical direction.The load-displacement curves were recorded and drawn by a computer in connection with the biomechanical testing machine.The rupture strengths of the 4 ligaments were recorded.Results The average lengths of the conical and trapezium ligaments were 10.6 mm and 12.5 mm,respectively.The coronal and sagittal lengths of the clavicular attachment area of the conical ligament averaged 13.4 mm and 5.8 mm,respectively.The coronal and sagittal lengths of the clavicular attachment area of the trapezium ligament averaged 14.2 mm and 8.7 mm,respectively.The distances from the most lateral points of the conical and trapezium ligaments to the distal clavicle averaged 35.5 mm and 23.6 mm,respectively.The average angles at the coronal and sagittal positions were 6.2° and 11.3° for the conical ligament and 38.7°and 6.9° for the trapezium ligament,respectively.The average tensile force was 201.3 ± 1.9 N for the acromioclavicular ligament rupture,374.6 ± 1.4 N for the coracoclavicular ligament rupture,192.3 ±4.3 N for the trapezium ligament rupture,and 345.7 ± 1.1 N for the conical ligament rupture.Conclusions The roles and contributions of the conical,trapezium and acromioclavicular ligaments are different in maintaining the stability of the acromioclavicular joint.In anatomical reconstruction of the acromioclavicular joint,it is more important to reconstruct the conical ligament and to repair the acromioclavicular ligament simultaneously as much as possible.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 696-699, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707548

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the factors associated with preoperative deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in female patients with lower extremity fracture in menstrual phase.Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 119 women with lower extremity fracture in childbearing age who had been treated at Traumatic Orthopaedics Center,Red Cross Hospital,Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science College from October 2016 to October 2017.Of them,41 were in menstral phase,aged from 20 to 50 years (average,37.1 ± 8.9 years),and 78 were not,aged from 19 to 50 years (average,36.9 ± 8.0 years).The 2 groups were compared in terms of DVT incidence,D-dimer level,prothrombin time,partial prothrombin time,thrombin time,fibrinogen level,and preoperative bed time.Results The patients with menstruation had significantly higher incidence of lower extremity DVT (82.9%) and significantly longer preoperative bed time (9.1 ± 3.4 d) than those without menstruation did (14.1% and 3.8 ± 2.2 d,respectively) (P <0.05).There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the preoperative coagulation indexes:D-dimer,prothrombin time,partial prothrombin time,thrombin time or fibrinogen (P > 0.05).Conclusions The incidence of preoperative DVT may be high the female patients with lower extremity fracture in menstrual phase,chiefly because of long preoperative bed time.Detection of D-dimer level is of limited significance in the screening for thrombosis in menstrual phase.Menstruation may not be a surgical contraindication.

14.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3957-3961, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461904

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Many studies have confirmed that recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 plays a very important role in bone formation and fracture healing, but recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 alone implanted is prone to diffusion and degradation, which is unable to play a persistent role in new bone formation. OBJECTIVE:To explore the effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 composite bone in the rabbit lumbar fusion. METHODS:Thirty New Zealand white rabbits were selected to make posterior lumbar intertransverse fusion models, and then were randomly divided into three groups, in which, L5-6 intertransverse implantation of autologous iliac bone, al ogeneic bone and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 composite bone (recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 and al ogeneic bone complex) was done respectively. At 6 weeks after implantation, gross observation, X-ray examination and histological observation were performed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Fusion rate and percentage of new bone area were higher in the composite bone group than the autologous iliac bone and al ogeneic bone groups (P<0.05);the tensile strength was lower in the al ogeneic bone group than the other two groups (P<0.05), but there was no difference between these two groups except the al ogeneic bone group. X-ray films showed cal us formation in the implanted region of the three groups. In the autologous iliac bone group, a large amount of cartilage tissues formed along with a smal amount of bone trabeculae and a certain amount of woven bones. In the al ogeneic bone group, the implant was covered with a large amount of fibrous tissues, bone island was seen and there was also a smal amount of bone trabeculae and cartilage tissues. In the composite bone group, a great amount of bone trabeculae and cartilage tissues were visible to form woven bone and cortical bone. These findings indicate that the recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 composite bone can obtain good effect in the rabbit lumbar fusion.

15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7182-7187, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479415

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Posterior maleolar fracture is an important factor affecting the prognosis of ankle fractures. Posterior maleolar fracture often caused by high energy trauma. Using what kind of fixation and fixation materials biomechanics, and how to embed has become a current research hotspot. OBJECTIVE:To compare the clinical outcomes of different fixation materials on posterior maleolar fracture, and analyze the effect of different fixation methods on biomechanical outcome of posterior maleolar fracture fixation, so as to provide a basis and reference of selecting the best fixation for the clinical treatment of ankle fracture. METHODS: The relevant literature included by PubMed database and the China National Knowledge database from the year of 1976 to 2015 were retrieved by the first author through computer. English key words are “Ankle fracture; internal fixation; biomechanics; biocompatibility”, Chinese language search terms are “posterior maleolar fracture; internal fixation; biomechanics; biocompatibility”. Summarize the most commonly used metal fixation materials and absorbable content materials. The clinical commonly used metal fixation materials including bone plate and screws, absorbable fixation materials such as biodegradable material polylactic acid, polyethylene plastic ester, polylactide gum ester, etc. The biomechanical properties were analyzed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The new locking screw can withstand more buckling and shear force. Lag screw has a tapping action, and the puling was stronger after tapping, but for patients with osteoporosis, the pressure effect of screw on fracture fragments was limited, the strength was not enough, at this time, locking plate should be used. Locking plate has a greater stability and higher confrontational feature to bending stress, less likely to pul out. Steel coupling screw provides better stability. To avoid secondary removing of the fixation, stress protection after fixation and other shortcomings after the metal material fixation fracture healing, the strength of the absorbable fixation material made by biodegradable material polylactic acid, polyvinyl acetate glue and polypropylene plastic ester after high temperature and pressure processing was increased. Absorbable fixation material may overcome the adverse effects associated with metal fixation, such as imageological examination, secondary implant removal. These results show that the mechanical properties of the absorbable screws are more closer to human bone, no surrounding bone vulnerability due to stress shields, no osteoporosis occurs, and can degrade in the body, but its fixation strength is stil less than the traditional fixed screw and bone plate. We should choose a suitable fixation material according to the forces of fracture site and the size of the fracture fragments.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 282-286, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383899

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the improvement of diagnostic accuracy with background region of interest(ROI)rectification for 99mTc-DTPA renography in patients with GFR≤plasma sampling method). Methods Thirty-three patients(age>20 years,male/female=13/20)dose of 111 MBq/0.5 ml of 99mTc-DTPA was injected into an antecubital vein.The background ROI was selected below the kidney(Gates method,method a)or around the kidney(method b),then these two different GFR(GFRa,GFRb)were automatically estimated by computer.Meanwhile,3 ml blood samples were collected 2 h and 4 h after injection respectively,and radioactivity of 1 ml plasma was measured.GFR was calculated by dual plasma sampling method(GFRp)and the results were all standardized with the body surface area.The accuracies and correlations of GFRa and GFRb were compared to GFRp respectively. Results The correlation coefficients were ra=0.602 and rb=0.834.The median of difference of GFRa and GFRb was 8.33,-4.41.The median of absolute difference of GFRa and GFRb was 8.33,4.49.The accuracies within±15%,±30%and±50%of GFRa were 24.2%,30.3%and 48.5%,and those of GFRb were 33.3%,51.5%and 81.8%.Conclusion The background ROI around kidney can obviously improve the diagnostic accuracy of 99mTc-DTPA renography in patients with severe renal insufficiency.

17.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528409

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate 18F-FDG hPET/CT in the diagnosis of postoperative recurrence and metastasis of colorectal cancer. Methods GE HAWKEYE coincidence SPECT was carried out in 81 colorectal cancer patients with suspected recurrence or metastasis after intravenous injection of 259 ~ 298 MBq (7-8 mCi) 18F-FDG. The acquired data were reconstructed using iterative algorithm and attenuation-corrected X-ray. The results were compared with the final diagnosis established by histological examination of resected specimens、and clinical follow-up. Results The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV)and negative predictive value(NPV)was 93% (57/61)、80% (16/20)、93% (57/61)、80% (16/20) for 18F-FDG hPET/CT respectively. For conventional CT the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV was 67% (37/55)、73% (19/26)、84% (37/44)、51% (19/37) respectively; 18F-FDG hPET/CT detected 91 recurrent or metastatic lesions whereas only 46 lesions were detected by conventional CT in 65 patients. Conclusions 18 F-FDG hPET/CT has unique value in the diagnosis of recurrence and metastasis in postoperative colorectal cancer patients which was superior to conventional CT. Combined 18 F-FDG coincidence imaging with localizing CT improves the detection and localization of postoperative recurrence and/or metastasis in colorectal cancer patients.

18.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6)1981.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541132

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of low constant direct current (LCDC) in the medullary cavity on repairing of rabbit radial defect as to evaluate its clinical value. Methods DBX was put into the segmental osteoperiosteum defect of rabbit bilateral radius. The rabbits were divided into 2 groups: group A (subject group) with the defects stimulated by LCDC and group B (control group) with the defects left untreated. In week 2,5 and 9, 4 animals from each group were put into death, and the radius was taken for study using photograph, electron microscope, histological & morphologic technique, and the contents of the Calcium (Ca) and ALP were determined. Results Compared with group B, the healing of group A was better. The contents of Ca and ALP increased obviously in week 2 (P

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL