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Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 203-212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973763


Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is characterized by insidious onset, easy misdiagnosis, and progression to severe consequences such as diabetic foot ulcers, gangrene, and amputation. The main pathological features of DPN are nerve cell injuries, such as axonal degeneration and necrosis, segmental demyelination of nerve fibers, and apoptosis of Schwann cells. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway is a classical pathway that communicates intracellular and extracellular information and regulates biological activities such as cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, autophagy, and migration. It widely affects various cells related to DPN. In recent years, numerous studies have found that the sustained high glucose environment causes abnormalities in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. This, in turn, accelerates the occurrence and development of DPN by participating in the pathogenesis of DPN, such as glucose and lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammation, autophagy, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. Therefore, regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is crucial for the treatment of DPN. Currently, there is a lack of effective measures to slow down or reverse DPN in clinical practice. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has unique advantages in preventing and treating DPN with multiple targets, effects, and components. A large number of animal and clinical studies of TCM treatment of DPN have shown that the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is an important target for TCM treatment of DPN. Regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway can promote myelin sheath repair and regeneration, delay the process of nerve cell death, and play a role in preventing and treating DPN. However, there is currently no systematic review and summary of this field in China and abroad. Therefore, this article summarized the regulation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and its role in the pathogenesis of DPN, as well as the intervention of effective components of single Chinese medicine or compounds on the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. This study is expected to provide a reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of DPN with TCM, basic research, and drug development.

West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 509-513, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315922


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Osseointegration of orthodontic microscrew implant is influenced by tooth extraction. This study aims to evaluate the safety margin of the osseointegration of orthodontic implants by investigating the healing process of the implant-bone interface through histopathological studies and quantitative determination.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve male beagles were selected and randomly divided into four groups. An orthodontic microscrew was implanted beside the tooth extraction area. Animals were killed in 1, 3, 8, and, 12 weeks to investigate tissue response. Histomorphological observation and bone implant contact ratio (BIC) tests were performed at different healing time after implantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A new bone was formed on the implant-bone interface of the control group. Bone resorptions were also detected in the experimental group 3 weeks after implantation. The BIC level of the control groups increased during the first 8 weeks; no change was observed anymore after the 8th week. On the other hand, the BIC value in the experimental group decreased in the first 3 weeks. It then increased rapidly and reached its peak of 80.08% in the 8th week. No significant difference wa s found between the experimental and control groups in the first 3 weeks. After the 3rd week, the BIC value of the experimental group (44.35%) was lower than that of the control group (55.46%) (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The healing process after implantation was influenced by tooth extraction. Bone resorption was detected at an early stage. However, vigorous bone remodeling was observed subsequently.</p>

Animals , Dogs , Male , Bone Remodeling , Bone and Bones , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Mandible , Osseointegration , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth Extraction , Wound Healing