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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 131-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993419


Femoral head fracture is commonly seen in high-energy injury. However, compression fracture of femoral head is more rare. In most classifications of femoral head fracture, the compression is unusually involved. A case about acute traumatic dislocation of hip joint with compression fracture of femoral head is reported, involving a patient who hurt himself by riding electric bike and hitting the flower bed. He came to our hospital complaining of pain and limited motion of his right leg. The diagnosis of right hip anterior dislocation with the compression fracture of femoral head was confirmed by medical history, physical examination and imaging. Closed reduction of hip dislocation was performed in an emergency. Then we transplanted the bone cartilage from the non-weight-bearing area under the femoral head to the collapsed weight-bearing area, fixing it with countersunk hollow screws, and then the non-weight-bearing donor area was reconstructed with autogenous iliac bone, using surgical hip dislocation. The anatomical structure of the femoral head was therefore restored successfully during the operation. Three months after surgery, the X-ray showed that the femoral head was smooth and the cartilage graft was well fixed. Eight months after surgery, the patient gradually increased the bearing weight from partial to full according to his own condition, and there was no obvious pain in hip. After 24-month follow-up, we found the X-rays showed good reduction and fixation of the femoral head fracture. The CT scan showed no necrosis or cystic degeneration. He got well-active and passive movement in hip joint, and got no pain when walking with burden. For the patient with hip dislocation and compression fracture of femoral head, early joint reduction and non-weight-bearing osteocartilage transplantation can restore the anatomical structure of the weight-bearing area of the femoral head, to avoid traumatic osteoarthritis, and to improve the long-term quality of life of patients.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 491-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992738


Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of a retrograde pubic ramus intramedullary nail (RPRIN) in the treatment of anterior pelvic ring fractures.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the 14 patients with anterior pelvic ring fracture who had been treated and followed up at Department of Traumatic Surgery, Tongji Hospital From June 2020 to February 2021. There were 10 males and 4 females with an age of (44.8±12.5) years. By the AO/OTA classification for pelvic fractures, 5 cases were type 61-A, 4 cases 61-B, and 5 cases type 61-C; by the Nakatani classification, 1 case belonged to unilateral zone Ⅰ fracture, 5 cases to unilateral zone Ⅱ fracture, 2 cases to unilateral zone Ⅲ fracture, 3 cases to right zone Ⅱ and left zone Ⅲ fracture, 2 cases to zone Ⅲ fracture on both left and right sides, and 1 case to zone Ⅱ fracture on both sides. The time from injury to operation was (7.8±1.8) days. All the anterior pelvic ring fractures were fixated with a RPRIN. The time and fluoroscopic frequency for placement of every single RPRIN, quality of fracture reduction, and pelvic function and incidence of postoperative complications at the last follow-up were recorded.Results:A total of 18 RPRINs were placed in the 14 patients. For placement of each RPRIN, the time was (35.9±8.6) min, and the fluoroscopic frequency (22.8±1.9) times. No complications such as infection occurred at any surgical incision after RPRIN placement. According to the Matta scoring, the quality of postoperative fracture reduction was assessed as excellent in 7 cases, as good in 5 cases and as fair in 2 cases. The 14 patients were followed up for (18.1+1.5) months. Their X-ray and CT images of the pelvis at the last follow-up showed that the fractures healed well and the intramedullary nails were placed in the cortical bone of the anterior ring of the pelvis. According to the Majeed scoring at the last follow-up, the pelvic function was assessed as excellent in 10 cases, as good in 3 cases and as fair in 1 case. One patient reported discomfort during squatting 2 months after operation but the symptom improved 3 months later without any special treatment. No patient experienced such complications as displacement or slippage of RPRIN, or pain at the insertion site.Conclusion:RPRIN is effective in the treatment of anterior pelvic ring fractures, showing advantages of small surgical incision, limited intraoperative fluoroscopy and short operation time.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1358-1365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957131


Objective:To investigate the clinical therapy of sacral osteotomy combined with lumbopelvic distraction triangular osteosynthesis for malunion and nonunion of type C longitudinally displaced sacral fracture.Methods:A retrospective study of 9 patients with malunion and nonunion of type C pelvic fractures who had been treated with sacral osteotomy combined with triangular osteosynthesis from April 2015 to January 2020 were analyzed. They were 5 men and 4 women, with an average age of 30.67±10.06 (range 14-45 years). AO/OTA classification at initial pelvic fracture, 8 cases were type C1.3 and one was type C3.3. The period from injury to surgery was 12.8±18.92 months (range 3-60 months). The cranial displacement of one side of the pelvis was 3.8±0.57 cm (range 2.5-4.1 cm). Sacral osteotomy and triangular osteosynthesis were used in all nine patients, combined with osteotomy or no osteotomy of the superior and inferior branches of the anterior ring pubis. The degree of longitudinal displacement of one side of the pelvis was assessed by making a vertical line gap between the acetabular apex on both sides and the central axis of the sacrum on the X-ray of the pelvis. The Majeed scoring and visual analogue scale (VAS) were evaluated preoperatively and at the last follow-up to assess the therapeutic effect of the patients.Results:In all 9 patients, except for 1 case of postoperative pelvic residual displacement 1.5 cm (preoperative 3.2 cm difference compared with the healthy side), the other 8 patients had a postoperative bilateral difference of 0.1-0.7 cm. All the patients were followed up for 12.00±9.95 months. At the last follow-up, the Majeed score of pelvic fracture increased from 44.0(33.5, 76.0) points preoperatively to 91.0(80.5, 92.5) points. The difference before and after operation was statistically significant ( Z=2.67, P<0.001), and the gait was significantly improved. And the VAS score for pain decreased from 6.00±1.41 points preoperatively to 1.22±0.97 points. The difference before and after operation was statistically significant ( t=8.73, P<0.001). None had complications like infection, plate broken, screw loosening, iatrogenic nerve or blood vessel injury, etc. Conclusion:Sacral osteotomy combined with lumbopelvic distraction triangular osteosynthesis for the treatment of pelvic malunion and nonunion caused by sacral fracture can correct pelvic deformity, prolong limb length, and reconstruct the stability of pelvic ring with good clinical results.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1404-1411, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910729


Objective:To investigate clinical effects of lumbopelvic fixation and triangular osteosynthesis using sacral ala-iliac screws for the treatment of sacral fractures.Methods:The data of 12 patients with sacral fractures treated with lumbopelvic fixation and triangular osteosynthesis using sacral ala-iliac screws from December 2019 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 3 males and 9 females with an average age of 32.6±15.0 years (range, 13-52 years); causes of injury: 11 fall injuries and 1 traffic injury. The Denis classification of sacrum fracture: 4 cases of type II and 8 cases of type III. AO (Tile-Muller) classification: 4 cases of type C1.3, 8 cases of type C3.3; of the 8 cases of C3.3 fractures, Roy-Camille and Strange-Vognsen classification: 2 cases of type II, 6 cases of type III. According to the scoring system of Gibbons sacral nerve injury, there were 6 cases of scored 3 and 2 cases of scored 4; 4 cases of C1.3 fractures had no nerve injury. The time from injury to operation was 6 to 32 days, with an average of 19.3±9.2 days. After the vital signs were stabilized, laminectomy and decompression of sacral nerve roots, fracture reduction, lumbopelvic fixation and triangular osteosynthesis using sacral ala-ilac screws were performed. The fixation method of the anterior ring was determined according to the injury. The postoperative fracture reduction quality was evaluated according to Matta criteria. The clinical function and neurological function were evaluated according to the Majeed scoring system and Gibbons sacral nerve injury scoring system at the last follow-up.Results:Twelve patients were operated smoothly. 8 cases of C3.3 fractures were fixed by lumbopelvic fixation, of which 6 cases of U-shaped fractures were fixed by transverse rods due tolongitudinal separation displacement; Four cases of C1.3 used triangular osteosynthesis and transverse fixation in 3 cases with sacroiliac screws, and 1 case with sacral local plate. Six patients with anterior ring injury were fixed with steel plate in 4 cases, INFIX in 1 case and pubic branch screw in 1 case. All patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months, with an average of 7.3±1.7 months. Postoperative Matta standard evaluation: excellent in 7 cases; good in 4 cases; fair in 1 case. Majeed score at the last follow-up: excellent in 6 cases, good in 5 cases, and fair in 1 case. One of 2 cases of rectal and bladder dysfunction patients completely recovered, the other was found partial rupture of the nerve roots of sacrum 1 and 2 during operation, whose muscle strength below the calf was still reduced; 6 cases of preoperative muscle strength loss below the calf were significantly improved, among which 4 patients recovered completely, and 2 patients had lower limb sensory impairment; the Gibbons score improved by an average of 1.8±0.7 points (preoperative average 3.2 points, postoperative average 1.4 points). X-ray examinations were performed 3 to 6 months after the operation showed that the fractures were all healed. During the follow-up period, no complications such as fat liquefaction, infection, wound healing, and screw protrusion discomfort were found.1 case of S 2AI screw penetrated the outer plate of the ilium, and there was no pelvic tilt and unequal length deformity of the lower limbs. One patient took out the internal fixation 6 months after the operation due to lower back discomfort. At the last follow-up, all patients had no internal fractures or loss of fracture reduction. Conclusion:Lumbopelvic fixation and triangular osteosynthesis using sacral ala-iliac screws for the treatment of sacral fractures are reliable, with less trauma and lower incidence of complications; and the clinical results are satisfactory.