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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of different superficial vascular patterns on pregnancy outcome and residual anastomosis following laser coagulation in placentae with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).Methods:This study retrospectively collected and analyzed the clinical data and postnatal placenta perfusion characteristics of 57 cases of TTTS who received fetoscopic laser occlusion of chorioangiopagous vessels (FLOC) and delivered at Peking University Third Hospital from April 2014 to April 2019. According to the vascular pattern, all the cases are divided into four groups, which were parallel, staggered, mixed, and monoamniotic groups. Differences in the operation time and method, pregnancy outcome, and residual vascular anastomosis between the four groups were compared using analysis of variance, non-parametric tests, and Chi-square (or Fisher's exact) tests. Results:Among the 57 cases, the staggered, mixed, parallel, and monoamniotic types were accounted for 68.4%(39/57), 15.8%(19/57), 14.0%(8/57), and 1.7%(1/57), respectively. After exclusion of one case of monoamniotic type, gestational weeks at onset and surgery in the parallel group were both later than the staggered and mixed groups [23.0 (22.0-26.3) weeks vs 21.0 (17.0-24.7) weeks and 22.6 (21.3-23.9) weeks, H=10.306, P=0.006; 25.0 (22.6-26.3) weeks vs 22.0 (17.4-24.9) weeks and 23.2 (22.4-24.0) weeks, H=9.926, P=0.007; all P'<0.016 7]. There was no statistical significance in the differences in operation time and method, gestational age at the end of the pregnancy, neonatal birth weight, or birth weight discordance between the three groups. The diameter of residual vascular anastomosis of women in the staggered group was less than that in the mixed group [0.6 (0.1-5.0) mm vs 1.4 (0.3-5.1) mm, P'<0.016 7], but no significant difference was observed in the parallel-group [0.9 (0.2-3.6) mm] neither with the mixed or staggered group. The staggered group was noted for an increased distance ratio of umbilical cord insertion compared with the parallel and the mixed group [0.66 (0.59-1.00) vs 0.49 (0.25-0.55) and 0.48 (0.42-0.53); P'<0.016 7]. There was no significant difference between the parallel and the mixed groups. Conclusions:Placental superficial vascular patterns may affect the residual vascular anastomosis in women with TTTS following FLOC, which should be thoroughly evaluated before the operation to develop an individual management plan to reduce residual anastomosis incidence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911973

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze fetoscopic cord laser therapy for management of monochorionic monoamniotic (MCMA) twin pregnancies.Methods:The clinical data of fetoscopic cord laser therapy, including cord occlusion, transection, and disentanglement in three pairs of MCMA twins from January 2020 to January 2021 in Peking University Third Hospital were summarized. Literature on cord occlusion and/or transection in MCMA twins were retrieved from Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CBM, WanFang, and CNKI from the time at establishment to December 2020. The clinical conditions, surgical indications and methods, disease progression, and maternal and infant prognosis were analyzed.Results:Three cases of MCMA twins in this study period received fetoscopic cord laser therapy between 17-24 weeks, among which two cases gave birth at full-term without any maternal or infant complications, and one was terminated due to fetal malformation. Seven English articles including 29 MCMA twin pregnancies were retrieved. In addition to the three cases reported in this article, a total of 32 cases were analyzed. The indication of cord occlusion and/or transection included twin-reversed arterial perfusion sequence (21.9%, 7/32), fetal malformation (46.9%, 15/32), selective fetal growth restriction (sFGR) (21.9%, 7/32), twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) (3.1%, 1/32), TTTS combined with sFGR (3.1%, 1/32), single intrauterine death (3.1%, 1/32). Gestational age at surgery was between 14 +1 to 27 +3 weeks. No maternal complication due to the operation was reported. After exclusion of two cases who did not receive cord transection and one case was terminated due to fetal malformation, all the other 29 co-twins were born alive at the gestational age between 24 +3 to 40 weeks and birth weight between 800-3 800 g. Among the 29 live born babies, four died soon after birth with unclarified reasons in the literature and one was born with multiple malformations which were detected prenatally, and the other 24 neonates were healthy during the follow-up from 1 month to 9 years old. Conclusions:For MCMA twin pregnant women with umbilical cord entanglement or other indications for fetal reduction, cord occlusion, transection, and disentanglement using fetoscopic cord laser is safe and effective for protecting the surviving fetus.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911968

ABSTRACT

Monochorionic triplet and dichorionic triplet pregnancies result in a higher risk of complications than trichorionic triplet due to its monochorionic part, and often lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes. We discuss the impact of different fetal reduction numbers, object and surgical methods on the outcome of monochorionic triplet and dichorionic triplet pregnancies. Compared with expectant management, several common fetal reduction strategies can reduce the risk of premature birth, prolong gestational weeks, and increase fetal birth weight. Reduction of the fetus with a separate placenta does not avoid the complications of monochorionic twins, and reducing one of the monochorionic pairs might cause the death of the remaining fetus, thereby requiring skilled surgeons. So, reduction of the monochorionic pair was preferred. More study are needed to evaluate the reduction strategy of monochorionic triplet.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911622

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnostic characteristics of complicated as acute appendicitis in pregnancy.Methods:Data of pregnant patients who were treated surgically and diagnosed as acute appendicitis pathologically at the Third Hospital of Peking University from Aug 2007 to Aug 2018 were collected,including uncomplicated acute appendicitis (UCAA) such as simple and purulent appendicitis, and complicated acute appendicitis (CAA) (perforated, gangrenous appendicitis or periappendiceal abscess).Result:There were 127 pregnant patients with acute appendicitis (47 CAA and 80 UCAA). CAA group had a higher proportion of positive symptoms, signs and examinations than UCAA group. ROC results showed that when pre-hospital time (the time from symptom onset to visiting the hospital, PT) and WBC critical values were 15.5 h and 17.11×10 3/mm 3, respectively, the sensitivity of CAA were 76.6% and 57.4%, and specificity of CAA were 75.0% and 82.5%. PT≥15.5 h ( OR=8.435,95% CI:2.933-24.262) and WBC>17.11×10 3/mm 3 ( OR=5.215,95% CI:1.626-16.729) were independent risk factors for CAA. Conclusion:CAA in pregnancy is associated with atypical clinical features, but the clinical manifestations of CAA are more serious. When PT exceeds 15 h and WBC exceeds 17.11×10 3/mm 3, CAA should be suspected and active operation should be suggested to avoid obstetric adverse outcomes.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety, efficacy and application indication of intra-operative cell salvage (IOCS) in cesarean section.Methods:A total of 1 265 pregnant women who received IOCS blood transfusion during cesarean section in 11 tertiary A hospitals from August 2016 to January 2019 were collected and divided into <1 500 ml group (796 cases) and ≥1 500 ml group (469 cases) according to the amount of blood loss during cesarean section. The general clinical data, ultrasonic imaging data, perinatal and puerperium indicators were analyzed retrospectively. The risk factors of intraoperative blood loss ≥1 500 mL using IOCS transfusion were analyzed by logistic multivariate regression.Results:(1) A total of 848 001 ml of blood was recovered and a total of 418 649 ml of blood was transfused in 1 265 pregnant women who received IOCS transfusions, which was equivalent to 23 258 U red blood cell suspension, greatly saving medical resources. The intraoperative blood loss in <1 500 ml group and ≥1 500 ml group was 800 ml (300-1 453 ml) and 2 335 ml (1 500-20 000 ml), respectively. No amniotic fluid embolism, severe adverse reactions, shock and death occurred in the two groups. (3) Multivariate regression analysis showed that age ≥35 years ( OR=1.5, 95% CI: 1.1-1.9), prenatal hemoglobin level <110 g/L ( OR=1.7, 95% CI: 1.3-2.2), history of uterine surgery ( OR=1.8, 95% CI: 1.3-2.6), placenta previa ( OR=1.9, 95% CI: 1.1-3.1), placenta accreta ( OR=2.6, 95% CI: 1.8-3.9), blood pool in the placenta ( OR=1.6, 95% CI: 1.1-2.3), abnormal posterior placenta muscle wall ( OR=1.8, 95% CI: 1.2-2.6), placenta projecting to the anterior uterine wall ( OR=3.0, 95% CI: 1.3-7.0) were risk factors for blood loss ≥1 500 ml in obstetric transfusion using IOCS technique, with statistical significance (all P<0.05). Conclusion:IOCS is safe and effective in cesarean section, which could save the medical resources and reduces medical expenses, however, it is necessary to strictly master the application indication.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence and trend of severe postpartum hemorrhage (sPPH) in China, and to provide basic data for the development and evaluation of sPPH prevention and control strategy.Methods:Obstetric data was extracted from annual national representative sampling surveys based on the National Clinical Improvement System. From 2016 to 2019, 2 978, 3 400, 4 576 and 4 594 maternity hospitals with sPPH cases were included for statistics. The annual incidence of sPPH was calculated according to province and type of medical institutions and generalized linear model was emplyed to identify the determinants affecting sPPH incidence.Results:In China, sPPH incidence increased from 0.62% in 2016 to 0.93% in 2018, and was 0.92% in 2019. Eighteen provinces had an inverted U-shaped trend of sPPH over time and most of them had the highest incidence in 2018; ten provinces had an upward trend of sPPH and 3 provinces had a U-shaped trend. In 2019, the top five provinces with the highest sPPH incidence were Yunnan (1.88%), Beijing (1.45%), Jiangsu (1.31%), Guizhou (1.26%), and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (1.22%); the top five provinces with the lowest incidence were Henan (0.55%), Jiangxi (0.60%), Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (0.64%), Liaoning (0.64%) and Gansu (0.69%). In 2019, the sPPH incidence in different types of medical institutions were as follows: tertiary public general hospital (1.15%), tertiary public specialized hospital (1.02%), secondary public general hospital (0.81%), private hospital (0.61%) and secondary public specialized hospital (0.58%). sPPH incidence was positively associated with proportion of twin pregnancies, macrosomia, primipara, and puerpera aged ≥35 years in maternity hospitals ( P<0.05). Conclusions:sPPH incidence generally showes an increasing trend from 2016 and is stable at a high level in recent two years in China. It is warranted to further strengthen the monitoring of postpartum hemorrhage, and improve the capability of hierarchical management and treatment in maternity institutions and regions, in order to reduce sPPH incidence and maternal mortality.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the pregnancy outcome of monochorionic triamniotic (MCTA) triplet pregnancy and its relationship with multifetal pregnancy reduction.Methods:This study retrospectively recruited 23 women with MCTA pregnancy who delivered at Peking University Third Hospital from January 1, 2012, to January 1, 2020. All 23 cases received regular prenatal examination at our hospital from the first trimester, who were divided into two groups: selective fetal reduction group (randomly reduced one fetus, n=8) and expectant group ( n=15). Pregnancy outcome was described in all participants, differences in maternal age, gestational weeks and outcomes were compared between the two groups. The selective fetal reduction group was further divided into two subgroups: first-trimester vacuum aspiration group ( n=3) and second-trimester radiofrequency ablation group ( n=5), to evaluate the differences in pregnancy outcomes. Two independent samples- t test and Fisher's exact test were used as statistical methods. Results:(1) There was no significant difference in the gestational weeks at the end of the pregnancy [(31.7±4.1) vs (28.8±8.8) weeks], preterm delivery after 32 weeks (9/15 vs 4/8), at least two surviving children (12/15 vs 4/8) and at least one surviving child (13/15 vs 5/8) between the expectant group and the selective fetal reduction group (all P>0.05). One case with twin-twin transfusion syndrome in the expectant group underwent fetoscopic surgery at 19 weeks of gestation and delivered three live infants through cesarean section at 33 +2 weeks due to premature rupture of membranes. One case with twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence at 17 weeks of gestation refused fetal reduction and gave birth to a child at 33 weeks when one fetus's heart stopped beating and one was acardia. (2) The first-trimester vacuum aspiration group and the second-trimester radiofrequency ablation group showed no significant differences in the average gestational weeks at the end of the pregnancy [(28.5±7.6) vs (28.9±10.4) weeks, t=1.145, P>0.05], or the rate of at least one (2/3 vs 3/5, Fisher's exact test, P>0.05) or two surviving children (2/3 vs 2/5, Fisher's exact test, P>0.05). No postoperative infection or amniotic fluid leakage was reported in the subgroups. Conclusions:The pregnancy outcome of MCTA triplet with fetal reduction is not different with expectant group.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885515

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of a scoring model based on MRI images for diagnosing invasive placenta accreta and associated adverse clinical outcomes.Methods:This retrospective cohort study involved 260 patients delivered at Peking University Third Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018, who were suspected to be placenta accreta with two or more ultrasound image findings and underwent MRI examination. Placenta accreta was finally diagnosed and classified based on the intraoperative clinical findings or pathological examination. Adverse clinical outcomes were defined as intraoperative bleeding ≥1 500 ml and/or having hysterectomy. Quantitative and qualitative interpretation of five MRI signs were performed, including intraplacental low-intensity band on T2 weighted imaging, abnormal intraplacental vascularization, vascularization of uterovesical interface, uterine bulging and cervical involvement. Chi-square and t test were used for univariate analysis of the five MRI signs and the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve of each MRI sign for predicting invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes were drawn. The predictive value was assigned as 1 when ≥ the cutoffs that matched to the maximum Yoden index values, and was assigned as 0 when below the cutoffs. A scoring model based on the five MRI signs was established, ROC curves of the model for predicting invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes were drawn and the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and Youden index were calculated. Results:(1) Univariate analysis showed that all five MRI signs were significantly associated with invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes. Except for cervical involvement, the other four signs had an AUC value of greater than 0.5 in predicting invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes. (2) The predictive cut-off values of abnormal intraplacental vascularization image and intraplacental dark band area on T2 weighted imaging were 2.0 cm 2 and 0.6 cm 2, respectively, and were all 1.0 for the other three signs. The AUC value of MRI signs-based scoring model for predicting invasive placenta accreta was 0.863. When the score was ≥ 2 points, the diagnostic sensitivity was 0.836 and the specificity was 0.726. The scoring model predicted adverse clinical outcomes with an AUC of 0.841. When the score was ≥3 points, the predictive sensitivity was 0.707 and the specificity was 0.818. Conclusions:The scoring model based on MRI signs is of good value for the diagnosis of invasive placenta accreta and the prediction of adverse clinical outcomes.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884347

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of placental vascular distribution on residual anastomoses (RA) after fetoscopic laser occlusion of chorioangiopagous ressels (FLOC) for twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).Methods:A total of 57 cases of TTTS after laser surgery were retrospectively analyzed from April 2014 to April 2019 in Peking University Third Hospital. The patients were divided into RA group (24 cases) and non-RA group (33 cases) according to whether RA occurred in the placenta after laser surgery. The clinical characteristics, perioperative conditions, pregnancy outcomes and placental structure characteristics of the two groups were compared. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of placental vascular distribution for RA. The RA group was further divided into non-remission group and remission group, and the placental characteristics and pregnancy outcome of the two groups were compared.Results:(1)General clinical characteristics: the age, application of assisted reproductive technology, incidence of gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes mellitus, preoperative maximum amniotic fluid depth of the donor and recipient twins, Quintero stage and placental position of TTTS patients in the two groups were compared respectively, and there were no statistically significant differences (all P>0.05).The gestational age of patients received FLOC in the RA group was significantly higher than the non-RA group [(23.0±2.4) vs (21.9±2.7) weeks, P=0.033].(2) Perioperative conditions and pregnancy outcomes: the delivery gestational age of the RA group was significantly lower than that of the non-RA group (median:31.8 vs 34.4 weeks, P=0.002);The newborn birth weight in the RA group was significantly lower than that in the non-RA group [(1 648±597) and (2 013±481) g, P=0.003].The birthweight difference in the RA group was significantly higher than that in the non-RA group (median:0.30 vs 0.11, P=0.005). (3) The placental structure and the risk factors influencing RA happened: the differences in the proportion of four types of placental vascular distribution in the RA group and non-RA group were different significantly ( χ2 =10.214, P=0.012), with a detail of parallel type 29% (7/24) and 3% (1/33), staggered type 58% (14/24) and 76% (25/33), hybrid 8% (2/24) and 21% (7/33), monoamniotic membrane type 4% (1/24) and 0 respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that parallel placental vascular distribution was an independent risk factor for RA after FLOC ( OR=24.5, 95% CI 1.7-336.2, P=0.017). (4) Placental characteristics and pregnancy outcomes in the remission and non-remission groups of the RA group: the incidence of three kinds of anastomoses, the total number, total diameter and proportion of RA, and the placental territory discordance ratio were compared between the two groups, and there were no statistical significances ( P>0.05);The birth weight difference ratio in the non-remission group was higher than that in the remission group (median:0.41 vs 0.28, P=0.036). Conclusion:The parallel type of placental vascular distribution may be an independent risk factor for RA in TTTS after laser surgery.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884290

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the ultrasound characteristics of incarceration of gravid uterus (IGU) for improving the diagnostic accuracy of IGU.Methods:Three cases of IGU patients were diagnosed in Peking University Third Hospital from May 2018 to May 2020. CNKI, Wanfang Data, China Science and Technology Journal Database and PubMed were searched using the search terms "incarcerate uterus" or "uterine incarceration" and "gravid" through January 2000 to July 2020, 53 IGU cases were found. The ultrasound data and outcomes of the 56 IGU patients were retrospectively analyzed. The display rate of various ultrasonic features were counted. Relevant literatures were reviewed and the experience were summarized.Results:Of the 56 cases with IGU, 45 cases (80.4%) had positive results, of which 34 cases (60.7%) were found abnormal cervix(elongated anteriorly and superiorly displaced cervix or poorly visualized cervix), 27 cases (48.2%) were found retroversion of the gravid uterus, 12 cases (21.4%) were found that the fundus of the uterus lay deeply in the Douglas pouch, 4 cases (7.1%) were found anteriorly and superiorly displaced bladder. There was statistically significant difference between the displaying rates of abnormal cervix and retroversion of the gravid uterus(χ 2=5.452, P<0.05). Conclusions:Abnormal cervix was the most common feature of IGU by ultrasound. Correct identification of the cervix is helpful to improve the detection rate of IGU.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 305-310, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of fluid therapy on volume and coagulation function in patients with severe postpartum hemorrhage during cesarean section of placenta accreta under the guidance of inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD) and inferior vena cava collapse index (IVC-CI).Methods:A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in 60 pregnant women with severe postpartum hemorrhage (blood loss ≥ 1 000 mL) who were hospitalized for delivery or referred for delivery in the Peking University Third Hospital from December 2018 to July 2019. The patients were divided into routine fluid replacement group and goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group (goal-oriented fluid replacement therapy was given) according to the different ways of fluid replacement. The hemodynamics, blood gas analysis, coagulation function, total fluid replacement, urine volume, prognosis, intraoperative vasoactive drugs utilization rate and postoperative adverse events were recorded before skin incision, after the fetus delivered, postpartum hemorrhage and at the end of operation, and the differences of these indices between the two groups were compared.Results:① Hemodynamics: the heart rate (HR) of the two groups were reached the peak during postpartum hemorrhage, but there was no significant difference in HR at each time point between the two groups. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) was decreased at first and then increased in both groups, and reached the trough at postpartum hemorrhage, but the MAP in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly higher than that in the routine fluid replacement group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 75.6±10.7 vs. 69.2±8.9, P < 0.05]. In the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group, the central venous pressure (CVP) was increased slightly after the fetus delivered and then stabilized, while in the routine fluid replacement group, the CVP was increased at first and then decreased, and reached the peak in postpartum hemorrhage. During postpartum hemorrhage, CVP in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower than that in the routine fluid replacement group [cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O = 0.098 kPa): 9.5±3.9 vs. 11.4±3.4, P < 0.05]. ② Arterial blood gas: partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) in arterial blood at the end of operation in both groups were higher than those in postpartum hemorrhage. There was no significant difference in PaO 2 at the end of operation between the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group and routine fluid replacement group (mmHg: 189.3±100.5 vs. 240.2±126.3, P > 0.05). The PaCO 2 in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower than that in the routine fluid replacement group (mmHg: 34.6±4.6 vs. 36.8±4.1, P < 0.05). The lactic acid (Lac) at the end of operation of the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower than that of the routine fluid replacement group (mmol/L: 2.2±0.6 vs. 2.6±1.1, P < 0.05). ③ Liquidintake and output volume: the total infusion volume, crystal fluid infusion volume and suspended red blood cell infusionvolume in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group were significantly less than those in the routine fluid replacement group [total infusion volume (mL): 3 385.9±1 144.1 vs. 4 448.3±1 194.4, crystal infusion volume (mL): 2 635.6±789.7 vs. 3 160.0±860.3, suspended red blood cell input volume (mL): 695.6±366.2 vs. 911.1±284.7, all P < 0.05], and the utilization rate of vasoactive drugs in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was decreased significantly during operation [13.3% (4/30) vs. 60.0% (18/30), P < 0.05]. The amount of bleeding in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was also significantly less than that in the routine fluid replacement group (mL: 1 451.7±373.8 vs. 1 725.9±372.8, P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in urine volume between the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group and the routine fluid replacement group (mL: 369.0±262.7 vs. 485.0±286.8, P > 0.05). ④ Coagulation function: at the end of operation, the prothrombin time (PT) in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly shorter than that in the routine fluid replacement group (s: 10.9±0.6 vs. 11.2±0.6), and the fibrinogen (Fib) in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly higher than that in the routine fluid replacement group (g/L: 3.7±0.5 vs. 2.9±0.8), and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.05).⑤ Prognostic index: compared withthe routine fluid replacement group, the proportion of patients transferred to intensive care unit (ICU) at the end of operation in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower [16.7% (5/30) vs. 66.7% (20/30), P < 0.05], and ICU length-of-stay was significantly shorter [hours: 0 (0, 24) vs. 24 (0, 24), P < 0.05], but there was no significant difference in the incidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), acute renal injury (AKI) or hysterectomy between the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group and the routine fluid replacement group [the incidence of DIC: 0% (0/30) vs. 6.7% (2/30), the incidence of AKI: 0% (0/30) vs. 3.3% (1/30), the hysterectomy rate: 10.0% (3/30) vs. 26.7% (8/30), all P > 0.05]. Conclusion:Fluid resuscitation guided by IVC-CI can effectively reduce the volume of blood and fluid transfusion and blood loss in patients with severe postpartum hemorrhage and improve their blood coagulation function.

12.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 346-359, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880918

ABSTRACT

Microbial ecosystem comprises a complex community in which bacteria interact with each other. The potential roles of the intestinal microbiome play in human health have gained considerable attention. The imbalance of gut microbial community has been looked to multiple chronic diseases. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are leading causes of morbidity worldwide and are influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Recent advances have provided scientific evidence that CVD may also be attributed to gut microbiome. In this review, we highlight the complex interplay between microbes, their metabolites, and the potential influence on the generation and development of CVDs. The therapeutic potential of using intestinal microbiomes to treat CVD is also discussed. It is quite possible that gut microbes may be used for clinical treatments of CVD in the near future.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871105

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible factors leading to failure of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing in maternal peripheral blood and analyze the pregnancy outcomes of this group of pregnant women.Methods:This retrospective study involved 5 195 women who underwent cfDNA testing in Peking University Third Hospital from April 2017 to April 2019. Based on the first cfDNA testing results, clinical characteristics of the pregnant women with successful (success group, n=5 107) and failed (failure group, n=88) cfDNA testing were compared using Mann-Whitney U test and Chi-square test. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of cfDNA testing failure and the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the success rate, and evaluate the feasibility of re-sampling and the factors affecting the unsuccessful testing of a second sample. Results:The failure rate of first cfDNA testing was 1.7% (88/5 195). Successful cfDNA testing was achieved in 74 (87.1%, 74/85) of 85 re-sampling cases, while results of the other 11 cases (12.9%, 11/85) remained invalid. Thus, the final failure rate was 0.2% (11/5 195). Multivariate logistic regression revealed that increased maternal age ( OR=1.086, 95% CI: 1.023-1.152, P=0.006), BMI ( OR=1.083, 95% CI: 1.021-1.149, P=0.008) and twin pregnancies ( OR=3.093, 95% CI: 1.715-5.577, P<0.001) were the risk factors of cfDNA testing failure, while increased cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) concentration ( OR=0.758, 95% CI: 0.720-0.761, P<0.001) was a protective factor. The overweight (BMI: 25-29.9 kg/m 2) and obese (BMI≥30 kg/m 2) women were 3.626 ( OR=3.626, 95% CI: 2.298-5.724, P<0.001) and 4.064 ( OR=4.064, 95% CI: 1.779-9.284, P=0.001) times more likely to have failed cfDNA testing than those with normal weight (BMI: 18.5-24.9 kg/m 2), respectively. The success rate of re-testing decreased as the maternal BMI increased, regardless of the time interval between the two samplings ( OR=0.840, 95% CI: 0.699-1.245, P=0.065). Seven out of the 74 cases with successful results in re-testing were at high risk, including one 45,X and one 47,XXY, confirmed by karyotyping amniocentesis. Among the 11 pregnant women with a failed testing after second sampling, eight underwent prenatal diagnosis with normal fetal chromosome karyotypes, and the other three cases without prenatal diagnosis all gave birth to neonates with normal phenotype. There was no statistical difference in the incidence of pregnancy loss between the failure and success group [9.1% (8/88) vs 2.5% (128/5 107), P=0.090]. Conclusions:Pregnant women with advanced age and higher BMI, lower cffDNA fraction and twin pregnancies are more likely to fail in cfDNA testing. For obese women, blood sampling can be postponed to a larger gestational age to reduce the failure rate. For pregnant women with failed testing in first sampling, a re-sampling is recommended, moreover, prenatal diagnosis is necessary for those had high-risk results or failed in re-testing.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871083

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of umbilical arterial blood pH with Apgar score and its perinatal influencing factors as well as effects on short-term neonatal outcomes.Methods:This study retrospectively collected the clinical data of 7 183 singleton newborns who were born at ≥35 gestational weeks with umbilical artery blood gas analysis in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2017 to February 2019. All cases were divided into two groups according to their Apgar scores at 1 min: low Apgar group (≤7 scores, n=42) and normal Apgar group (>7 scores, n=7 141). Moreover, according to the pH value of umbilical artery blood they were also allocated into acidosis group (pH<7.2, n=379 ) and normal pH group (pH≥7.2, n=6 804). Independent sample t test, Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, Pearson's correlation analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the correlation between umbilical arterial blood pH and Apgar score, effects of perinatal complications on umbilical arterial blood pH, and influences of acidosis on early neonatal outcomes. Results:The umbilical arterial blood pH in the low Apgar group was significantly lower than that in the normal Apgar group (7.19±0.13 vs 7.32±0.07, t=-6.011, P<0.001). There was a positive correlation between the umbilical arterial blood pH and Apgar score at 1 min ( r=0.217, P<0.001). Fetal distress was an independent risk factor for low Apgar score ( OR=20.553, 95% CI: 4.380-96.443, P<0.001). Premature rupture of membranes was an independent risk factor for acidosis ( OR=1.316, 95% CI: 1.035-1.673, P=0.025). The incidence of low Apgar score [6.33% (24/379) vs 0.26% (18/6 804), χ2=217.075], respiratory distress [6.60% (25/379) vs 2.62% (178/6 804), χ2=21.205] and intracranial hemorrhage [1.06% (4/379) vs 0.04% (3/6 804), Fisher's exact test] was significantly higher in the acidosis group than in the normal pH group (all P<0.001). Conclusions:Neonates with lower umbilical arterial blood pH value should be closely monitored after birth as they are more likely to have respiratory distress and intracranial hemorrhage. Umbilical arterial blood pH value may be effective and is recommended in predicting neonatal early outcome.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the perinatal outcomes in different methods of multifetal pregnancy reduction in dichorionic triamniotic (DCTA) triplet pregnancy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 57 cases of DCTA triplets in Peking University Third Hospital from January 1, 2010 to January 1, 2020, including 27 cases in expectant pregnancy group and 30 cases in selective fetal reduction (FR) group. The selective FR group was further divided into 3 subgroups according to different FR methods:retaining monochorionic dichorionic (MCDA) group, retaining dichorionic dichorionic (DCDA) group, and retaining singleton group. The perinatal outcomes of expectant pregnancy group and 3 subgroups of selective FR group were compared.Results:The gestational weeks in selective FR group was (34.5±5.7) weeks, and full-term delivery rate was 53% (16/30), respectively higher than those of the expectant pregnancy group (29.9±6.0) weeks and 7% (2/27). The miscarriage rate of the selective FR group was 10% (3/30), lower than that of the expectant pregnancy group (33%, 9/27). The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The ratios of pregnancy complications and newborn admission to neonatal ICU (NICU) in the selective FR group were lower than those of the expectant pregnancy group (all P<0.05). In the selective FR group, the gestational weeks in retaining MCDA group (6 cases), retaining DCDA group (13 cases), and retaining singleton group (11 cases) were (32.2±4.3), (33.0±6.3), and (37.4±4.7) weeks; the miscarriage rates were 1/6, 1/13, and 1/11; the premature delivery rates were 4/6, 7/13, and 0/11; the full-term delivery rates were 1/6, 5/13, and 10/11; pregnancies with at least 1 survivor rates were 5/6, 12/13, and 10/11; NICU occupancy rates were 6/8, 9/18 and 0/10, respectively. The retaining singleton group had the highest rate of full-term delivery and the lowest rate of NICU occupancy. Compared with other groups, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The full-term delivery rate was significantly higher in the retaining DCDA group than that of the expectant pregnancy group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The risk of DCTA triplet pregnancy is high. Reduction of the MCDA pair to singleton has the highest rate of full-term delivery and the lowest rate of NICU occupancy. For pregnant women who wish to retain twin pregnancy, the risk should be fully informed, and consider reduction of one fetus of the MCDA and retaining DCDA twins to continue pregnancy.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of pregnancy with adenomyosis on perinatal outcome.Methods:From April 2014 to April 2019, singleton pregnant women complicated with adenomyosis in Peking University Third Hospital was selected and the perinatal outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The age of patients in the pregnancy with adenomyosis group (study group) was not different from that of the control group (median: 35 vs 34 years old, P>0.05); the body mass index was higher than that of the control group (median: 23.9 vs 21.8 kg/m 2, P<0.01); the rate of assisted reproductive technology was significantly higher than that of the control group [25.3% (64/253) vs 3.1% (8/257), P<0.01]. Compared with the control group, the gestational age at delivery was significantly lower in the study group (median: 38.0 vs 39.2 weeks, P<0.01); the rates of preterm birth [17.1% (44/257) vs 4.7% (12/257), P<0.01] and preeclampsia [13.7% (35/255) vs 5.8% (15/257), P=0.003] were significantly higher in the study group. The incidence of severe postpartum hemorrhage in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group [5.8% (14/241) vs 1.2% (3/257), P=0.004]. The incidence of cesarean section was higher in the study group [(57.0% (146/256) vs 31.5% (81/257), P<0.01]. Neonatal weight was lower in the study group than that in the control group (median: 3 140 vs 3 440 g, P<0.01); the incidence of small for gestational age (SGA) was higher in the study group [21.5% (55/256) vs 4.7% (12/257), P<0.01]. There were no significant differences in umbilical artery pH and 1-minute Apgar score between the study group and the control group (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Pregnant women complicated with adenomyosis has low fertility, and most of them need assisted reproductive technology to conceive. The pregnant women with adenomyosis has the poor perinatal outcome, including an increased incedence of preterm birth, preeclampsia, postpartum hemorrhage, cesarean section and SGA, and low newborn weight.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of monochorionic monoamniotic (MCMA) twin pregnancy.Methods:The clinical data of 60 MCMA twin pregnant women who were terminated in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2011 to December 2019 were collected, and the general clinical data, prenatal examination and pregnancy outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The age of 60 MCMA twin pregnant women was (31.0±4.1) years old, among which 44 cases were primiparas (73%, 44/60) and 16 cases were multiparas (27%, 16/60). Fifty-eight cases were diagnosed as MCMA twin pregnancy prenatally and were confirmed after delivery. Median ultrasonic diagnosis of gestational age was 12 weeks (range: 8-30 weeks). In the 60 MCMA twin pregnancies, 6 cases were conjoined twins, 5 cases were complicated with twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAPS), and 10 cases were diagnosed as other fetal malformation by prenatal ultrasound examination. Among the 60 MCMA twin pregnant women, 19 cases had spontaneous abortion or induced abortion due to fetal malformation, fetal death or other reasons within 28 weeks of pregnancy, 41 cases entered the perinatal period, a total of 70 newborns survived. The main cause of perinatal fetal or neonatal death was fetal dysplasia.Conclusions:There is a high incidence of fetal abnormality and perinatal mortality in MCMA twin pregnancy. Accurate early diagnosis, enhanced management and monitoring during pregnancy, and individualized treatment are the keys to improve MCMA twin pregnancy outcomes.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754877

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive value of cervical length (CL) measured by transvaginal ultrasound for preterm birth<32 weeks,<34 weeks in twin pregnancies in the second and the third trimester of pregnancy. Methods A total of 490 twin pregnant women with CL measured by transvaginal ultrasound during the second trimester of pregnancy (20-24 weeks) and the third trimester of pregnancy (28-32 weeks) delivered in Peking University Third Hospital, and Tongzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2014 to December 2017 were collected, and 161 cases out of which were measured by CL during both the second trimester and the third trimester of pregnancy. Based on the measured gestational weeks, 427 cases were in the second trimester group and 224 cases in the third trimester group. The predictive value of CL for preterm birth was evaluated by calculating the optimal cut-off point with sensitivity and specificity. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between CL and preterm birth after adjusting for confounding factors (age of pregnant women, chorionic status, mulipara, assisted reproductive pregnancy and pre-pregnancy body mass index). Results (1) The median CL of pregnant women in the second trimester group and the third trimester group were 36 mm (33-40 mm) and 28 mm (18-33 mm) respectively. In the second trimester group, 151 cases (35.4%, 151/427) were preterm birth and 276 cases (64.6%, 276/427) were full-term birth; the median CL of preterm and full-term pregnant women were 34 mm (30-37 mm) and 37 mm (34-40 mm), respectively, with significant difference (P<0.01). In the third trimester group, 100 cases (44.6%, 100/224) were preterm birth and 124 cases (55.4%, 124/224) were full-term birth; the median CL of preterm and full-term pregnant women were 22 mm (15-30 mm) and 31 mm (23-34 mm), respectively, with significant difference (P<0.01). (2) Prediction of preterm birth<32 weeks and<34 weeks was performed with CL in the second trimester group. The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve were 0.78 (95% CI : 0.70-0.86) and 0.71 (95% CI : 0.64-0.79), respectively. The optimal cut-off points were 36.5 mm and 33.5 mm, respectively. After adjusting for confounding factors, CL was inversely associated with preterm birth<32 weeks and<34 weeks of gestation. (3) Prediction of preterm birth <32 weeks and <34 weeks were performed with CL in the third trimester group. The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve were 0.86 (0.75-0.96) and 0.75 (0.67-0.84), respectively. The optimal cut-off points were 17.5 mm and 18.5 mm, respectively. After adjusting for confounding factors, CL was inversely associated with preterm birth at<32 weeks and<34 weeks of gestation. Conclusions CL measured by transvaginal ultrasound in the second and the third trimester is a good predictor for preterm birth of twin pregnancy. CL≤36.5 mm and≤33.5 mm at 20-24 weeks of gestation could predict preterm birth<32 weeks and<34 weeks respectively. CL≤17.5 mm and≤18.5 mm at 28-32 weeks of gestation could predict preterm birth<32 weeks and<34 weeks respectively.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734949

ABSTRACT

Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) has been extensively applied in fetal chromosomal aneuploidy screening with high sensitivity and specificity.The concentration of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) is an important factor related to the accuracy of NIPT.When cffDNA concentration is lower than 4%,accurate results are often unavailable,resulting in failure of NIPT.The factors influencing cffDNA concentration in maternal blood were reviewed and it was found that the concentration of cffDNA was positively correlated with the gestational week at the time of sampling,but negatively correlated with the maternal weight/body mass index.Moreover,gestational complications (such as preeclampsia and polycystic ovary syndrome),maternal age,results of serological screening for Down's syndrome in second trimester,fetal chromosomal karyotype and nuchal translucency thickness were also potential influencing factors.Analysis of the influencing factors of cffDNA concentration helps to improve the NIPT specifications,which is significant for prenatal genetic counselling.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746278

ABSTRACT

Objective In this study, we aimed to detect the level of total circulating microparticles (MPs) in pregnant women with preeclampsia (PE) and analyze the proteome of MPs to explore their roles in the pathogenesis and progression of PE. Methods 98 pregnant women with PE, 54 healthy pregnant women, and 51 healthy non-pregnant women were enrolled from December 2016 to June 2018, whose MP levels were detected by flow cytometry and compared. Proteins extracted from the MPs were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry.Results The total MP level of the healthy pregnant group was significantly higher than thatof the non-pregnant group [159.87 (113.25, 218.18)/μl vs 94.10 (53.35, 140.23)/μl, P=0.004], but was not significantly different from that of the PE group. By proteomic profiling, 30 differential proteins were obtained between healthy pregnant women and healthy non-pregnant women, which were closely related to biological processes such as complements, coagulation cascades, angiogenesis and so on; 14 differential proteins were found between PE patients and healthy pregnant women, which were closely related to biological processes such as coagulation cascades, complements and inflammatory reactions, angiogenesis and so forth. Conclusions The level of circulating MPs may reflect the hypercoagulability of preeclampsia. In addition, circulating MPs may be involved in the pathogenesis of PE through various pathways by carrying different proteins, which indicates their potential value in the intervention of PE.

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