Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Language
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345320

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify potential mutation of androgen receptor (AR) gene in a patient with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) and his family members.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total RNA and genomic DNA were extracted from the peripheral blood samples derived from the proband and her family members. Sequences of 7 exons of the AR gene were amplified with reverse transcriptase PCR(RT-PCR) and subjected to direct sequencing. Suspected mutation was also analyzed with PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>DNA sequencing has revealed a nucleotide change (2880A>G) in the pedigree, which resulted in a missense mutation (R840H).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A prenatal diagnostic method was established for detecting mutation of the AR gene in the pedigree. Long chain RT-PCR was first used for the detection of AR gene mutations.</p>


Subject(s)
Androgen-Insensitivity Syndrome , Genetics , Base Sequence , Child , DNA Mutational Analysis , Methods , Family Health , Female , Humans , Male , Mutation, Missense , Pedigree , Receptors, Androgen , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335116

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze a case of supernumerary marker chromosome (SMC) with combined genetic techniques and explore its correlation with the clinical phenotype.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The SMC was analyzed with G-banded karyotyping, multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>G-banding analysis indicated that the patient has a karyotype of 47,XX,+mar. MLPA showed that there were duplications of proximal 15q. FISH assay using D15Z4 probes indicated that the SMC was a pseudodicentric chromosome derived from chromosome 15. And SNP-array revealed that there were two extra copies of 15q11-13 region spanning from locus 20 161 372 to 29 071 810.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The duplication of Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome critical region probably underlies the abnormal phenotype of the inv dup(15) case with a BP3:BP3 rearrangement.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Disorders , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 , Genetics , Female , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670273

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the mediating role of work?family enrichment between family supportive supervisor behavior and nurses'career resilience. Methods Totally 727 nurses selected by clus?ter?random?sampling were investigated by the family supportive supervisor behaviors scale( FSSBS) ,the wok?family enrichment scale( WFES) and the career resilience scale( CRS) . Results The scores of family sup?portive supervisor behavior,work to family enrichment,family to work enrichment and career resilience were (3.74±0.68),(3.36±0.77),(3.59±0.72) and (3.41±0.84) respectively. The family supportive supervisor behavior( r=0.31, P<0.01) ,work to family enrichment( r=0.32, P<0.01) and family to wok enrichment( r=0.30, P<0.01) were positively related to career resilience. The family supportive supervisor behavior posi?tively influenced career resilience(P<0.01). Work?family enrichment partially mediated the association be?tween family supportive supervisor behavior and career resilience, accounted for 37. 7% of the total effect. Conclusion Health organizations should try to build family supportive organizational climate and improve nurses'level of work?family enrichment and career resilience,then promote job performance and job satisfac?tion.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291727

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen for mutations in the neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor type 1 (NTRK1) gene in a Chinese family affected with congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>With informed consent obtained, peripheral blood samples were obtained from the patient and his family members. Seventeen coding exons and intron-exon boundaries of the NTRK1 gene were amplified with PCR and analyzed by direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A novel mutation c.2086_2087insC (p.Arg696 fsx) was identified in exon 16 of the NTRK1 gene in the proband. This insertion has caused open reading frame shifting and a premature termination has occurred just one codon downstream. Truncation of 72 amino acids at the C terminus has wiped out part of the tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) of the protein. Both of the proband's parents and two grandmothers have carried the c.2086_2087insC (p.Arg696 fsx) mutation. No mutation was found in the NTRK1 gene of other siblings.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mutation analysis of the NTRK1 gene has been carried out in a Chinese family affected with CIPA, and a novel NTRK1 gene mutation was identified.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Child, Preschool , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Genetics , Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic Neuropathies , Genetics , Humans , Male , Mutation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptor, trkA , Genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291687

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze mutation of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene in a family affected with familial adenomatous polyposis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The diagnosis was made based on clinical manifestations, family history, presence of numerous polyps in the colon as well as pathological examination. Peripheral blood samples were collected, and genomic DNA was extracted. Potential mutation of the APC gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing. After finding the mutation in the proband, the same mutation was screened among other family members. The mutation was also confirmed with PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), with which 100 unrelated healthy controls were examined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A novel heterozygous nonsense mutation c.2891T>G (L964X) of the APC gene was identified in this pedigree. The mutation has led to premature termination of translation. The same mutation was not detected among the 100 healthy controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The c.2891T>G (L964X) of the APC gene probably underlies the familial adenomatous polyposis in this pedigree. The combined DNA sequencing and PCR-RFLP method is efficient and accurate for the diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenomatous Polyposis Coli , Diagnosis , Genetics , Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Protein , Genetics , Adult , Base Sequence , Child, Preschool , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Molecular Sequence Data , Mutation, Missense , Pedigree , Point Mutation , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429177

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a analytical system for the survival motor neuron (SMN) subtle mutation,and evaluate its application in two families with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).MethodsSMN genes in seven family members from two SMA families were analyzed at both transcript level and genomic level,by the use of the conventional PCR-RFLP,allele-specific PCR,multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and T subcloning and sequencing of SMNI gene.ResultsIn family A,the patient had a single SMN1 copy who was carrying nonsense mutation L228X,which was also found in his father.In family B,as the patient's sample was unavailable,the father was indeed a carrier with one normal SMN1 allele and the other SMN1 allele carrying a frameshift mutation 22_23insA.The remaining family members were SMA carriers with one SMN1 copy.ConclusionThis analytical system for SMN subtle mutation offers viable molecular basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis in SMA families.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418538

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of oscillating blood glucose on apoptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells of diabetic rats and the role of oxidative stress.Methods Renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) were cultured in vitro with stable high glucose or oscillating high glucose,and MTF assay was applied to the neasurement of cell proliferation.Streptozotocin induced diabetic model was established with SD rats and the oscillating high blood glucose animal model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of insulin and glucose at different time points every.day.12 weeks later 24 h urine protein (24hUP),blood urea nitrogen (BUN),serum creatinine (Scr),superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA)were determined. Apoptosis was assessed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL),and immunohisto-chemistry was used to detect apoptosis associated gene Bax,Bcl-2,and NOX-4 expression in kidney.Changes in ultrastructure were observed.Results Oscillating high glucose may inhibit renal cells proliferation obviously when comparing with stable high glucose.In the rats with oscillating blood glucose rather than those with stable high blood glucose,there was a significant increase of BUN,Scr,24hUP,and MDA and a decrease of SOD[ (21.50 ± 1.72 vs 12.50 ± 1.85 )mmol/L,(97.51 ± 7.84 vs 82.12 ± 11.48 ) μmol/L,( 1.57 ± 0.09 vs 1.04 ± 0.12 ) mg/24 h,( 23.50 ± 1.87 vs 14.82 ± 2.96) nmol/ml,( 17.22 ± 1.12 vs 21.11 ± 1.80) U/ml,all P<0.05 ] ; cell apoptosis was intensified with the up-regulation of Bax and NOX-4 protein expression and down-regulation of Bcl-2 in glomerular endothelial cells; and more severe pathological damages were observed.ConclusionComparing with stable high blood glucose,oscillating high blood glucose induces more apoptosis and less proliferation of renal tubular epithelial cells and the mechanism may be related to the increased oxidative stress.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528974

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the effects of fluctuant high blood glucose and stable high blood glucose on apoptosis and the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in glomerular endothelial cells and renal tubular epithelial cells in diabetic rats. METHODS: 24 SD rats were divided into 3 groups: control group, stable high blood glucose group and fluctuant high blood glucose group. Diabetic rats were induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ, and the fluctuant high blood glucose animal model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of aspart and glucose at different time points every day. Apoptosis was assessed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL), and immunohistochemistry was used to detect apoptosis associated gene bax and bcl-2 expression in kidney. RESULTS: After 4 experimental weeks, a significant increase in cell apoptosis, up-regulation of Bax protein expression in kidney tubular epithelial cell and down-regulation of Bcl-2 in glomerular endothelial cell in fluctuant high blood glucose rats were observed compared with stable high blood glucose rats.CONCLUSION: Fluctuant high blood glucose induces more apoptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells than that in stable high blood glucose diabetic rats.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL