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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the improved efficacy of nalbuphine combined with propofol in artificial abortion.Methods:One hundred American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰor Ⅱ patients, aged 20-43 yr, weighing 50-80 kg, undergoing elective artificial abortion, were divided into 2 groups ( n=50 each) using a random number table method: propofol group (group P) and nalbuphine combined with propofol group (group NP). Phloroglucinol 40 mg was intramuscularly injected at 15 min before surgery.Propofol 2.0 mg/kg was intravenously injected in group P. In group NP, nalbuphine 0.1 mg/kg was intravenously injected, and 2 min later propofol 2.0 mg/kg was intravenously injected.The operation was started after the eyelash reflex disappeared.When operation was affected due to the body movement occurred during operation, an increment of propofol 0.5 mg/kg was given.Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to assess the degree of uterine contraction pain during the awake period and the highest degree of uterine contraction pain during the recovery period.The consumption of propofol, development of adverse effects and surgeon′s satisfaction with the anesthetic effect were recorded. Results:Compared with group P, the consumption of propofol was significantly reduced, VAS scores during the awake period and the highest VAS score during the recovery period were decreased, the incidence of body movement that affected operation was decreased (16%/2%), and the surgeon′s satisfaction with the anesthetic effect was increased in group NP ( P<0.05). No adverse cardiovascular events and respiratory depression during operation and postoperative nausea and vomiting was found in the two groups. Conclusion:Intravenous injection of nalbuphine 0.1 mg/kg combined with propofol 2.0 mg/kg can be safely and effectively used for the comfort medical treatment of artificial abortion, and the combination has a significant optimized effect than propofol alone.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864065

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of children with osteomyelitis caused by Streptococcus pneumonia. Methods:The demographic characteristics, diagnosis, clinical manifestations, imaging features, treatment and short-term prognosis of Streptococcus pneumonia osteomyelitis cases in 18 children′s hospitals from January 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results:A total of 9 cases were enrolled, with a median age of 1 year and 3 months.Four children had underlying diseases.The main manifestations were local swelling, pain, limited mobility (9 cases) and fever (8 cases). Sites of infection included humerus (4 cases), femur (3 cases) and tibiofibula (2 cases), and 8 cases were complicated with septic arthritis; The laboratory tests showed increased white blood cells (8 cases, median 22.02×10 9/L), C-reactive protein (7 cases, median 55.44 mg/L) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (6 cases, median 70 mm/1 h) of those patients.Five patients received monotherapy in the initial treatment regimen with cephalosporins. Then the therapeutic schedules were adjusted according to the culture and antibiotic sensitivity. All patients were treated with puncture, incision drainage or fenestrating decompression.Eight patients were cured and discharged finally. Conclusions:Streptococcus pneumonia osteomyelitis is more common in younger children and may have no risk factors.The common infection site is long bone metaphysis, and those patients are easily complicated with septic arthritis.Antibiotic combined with surgical treatment are crucial to a good outcome.

3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 206-217, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772763

ABSTRACT

Determining effective traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatments for specific disease conditions or particular patient groups is a difficult issue that necessitates investigation because of the complicated personalized manifestations in real-world patients and the individualized combination therapies prescribed in clinical settings. In this study, a multistage analysis method that integrates propensity case matching, complex network analysis, and herb set enrichment analysis was proposed to identify effective herb prescriptions for particular diseases (e.g., insomnia). First, propensity case matching was applied to match clinical cases. Then, core network extraction and herb set enrichment were combined to detect core effective herb prescriptions. Effectiveness-based mutual information was used to detect strong herb-symptom relationships. This method was applied on a TCM clinical data set with 955 patients collected from well-designed observational studies. Results revealed that groups of herb prescriptions with higher effectiveness rates (76.9% vs. 42.8% for matched samples; 94.2% vs. 84.9% for all samples) compared with the original prescriptions were found. Particular patient groups with symptom manifestations were also identified to help investigate the indications of the effective herb prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Child , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Drug Therapy , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772134

ABSTRACT

We propose a subgroup identification method based on the Logistic model for data from a two-arm clinical trial with dichotomous outcome variables.In this method, binary Logistic regression models are established for each group to calculate the outcome probabilities of each patient for comparison.According to the established rules, the patients are classified into their corresponding subgroups to establish a multinomial Logistic regression model.We simulated the false rate, correct judgment rate, coincidence rate and model correct judgment rate for different sample sizes and carried out an example analysis.The results of simulation showed that for different sample sizes, the false rates of this method were below 0.07 and the correct judgment rates were all above 0.75 with adequate coincidence rates and model correct judgment rates, demonstrating the effectiveness and reliability of the proposed method for subgroup identification.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic , Computer Simulation , Humans , Logistic Models , Reproducibility of Results , Sample Size
5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 915-922, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810293

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical features, the serotype distribution and drug resistance of the isolates in patient with invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD).@*Methods@#By retrieving the laboratory information system in 18 children′s hospitals from 2012 to 2017, the children with IPD were enrolled. Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) must be isolated from the sterile sites (blood, cerebrospinal fluid, hydrothorax and joint effusion etc.). The clinical characteristics, serotype, drug resistance, treatment and prognosis were reviewed and analyzed. According to the telephone follow up results, the patients were divided into death group and recovered group. The index as an independent risk factor of mortality was demonstrated by multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*Results@#There were 1 138 children with IPD, including 684 male and 454 female. The proportion of male to female was 1.5∶1. The age ranged from one day to 16 years. The median age was 1 year 3 month. The majority was under 5 years of age (89.3%, n= 1 016), especially under 2 years of age (61.9%, n=704). In all cases, 88.2% (n=1 004) were community acquired infection. The infections included meningitis (n=446, 39.2%), pneumonia with bacteremia (n=339, 29.8%), and bacteremia without focus (n=232, 20.4%). Underlying diseases were found in 242 cases (21.3%). Co-infections were determined in 62 cases (5.4%) with mycoplasma, 27 cases (2.4%) with adenovirus and 34 cases with influenza virus (3.0%). The penicillin insensitivity (PNSP) rates in meningitis and non-meningitis isolates were 69.5% (276/397) and 35.9% (221/615), respectively. There were 81 strains serotyped, in which 93.8% (76/81) were covered by 13-valent protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccine (PCV13). In the 965 patients who were followed up by phone call, 156 cases (16.2%) were confirmed dead. The independent risk factors for the death were under 2 years of age (OR=2.143, 95%CI 1.284-3.577, P=0.004), meningitis (OR=3.066, 95%CI 1.852-5.074, P<0.01), underlying disease (OR=4.801, 95%CI 2.953-7.804, P<0.01), septic shock(OR=3.542, 95%CI 1.829-6.859, P<0.01), disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) (OR=4.150, 95%CI 1.468-11.733, P=0.007), multiple organ failure (OR=12.693, 95%CI 6.623-24.325, P<0.01) and complications of central nervous system (OR=1.975, 95%CI 1.144-3.410, P=0.015).@*Conclusions@#Most children with IPD were under 5 years of age, having underlying diseases and acquired the infection in community. The independent risk factors for death were under two years old, meningitis, underlying diseases and multiple organ failure. The problem of drug resistance was severe. The universal immunization of PCV13 would be effective to prevent IPD in Chinese children.

6.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E101-E107, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803772

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of different end shapes of esophageal stents on the mechanical behavior of the stent-esophagus system. Methods Through finite element simulation, the mechanical behavior of the coupling system between braided esophageal stents with different end shapes (straight-tube-shaped, cup-spherical-shaped, double-trumpet-shaped) and the esophageal cavity was analyzed. The influences of bare stents and covered stents with three different end shapes on stress distributions in the inner wall of the esophagus and on dilatation of the esophageal stenosis zone were compared. Results The reduction in stenosis rate caused by the bare stent was larger than that of the covered stent. Moreover, the equivalent stress and the contact stress caused by the bare stent were much larger than those of the covered stent. Different end shapes had a significant influence on the stress occurring in the healthy esophageal zone. Stress concentration occurred in the zones where the esophagus contacted the central part of the cup-shaped end and the edge of the double-trumpet-shaped end. The braided esophageal stents with three different end shapes all had good apposition.Conclusions Different end shapes of stents cause different stress states in the esophagus. A larger stress involves a higher probability of occurrence of esophageal tissue hyperplasia, but a smaller possibility of stent migration. Therefore, understanding the effect of the end shapes on stent performance can provide important theoretical references for optimization design of the braided stent and its clinical selection.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696046

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to assess scales with the unidimensional item response models (UIRM) and classical test theory.The reliability and validity of 841 sub-health status samples were analyzed by CTT.Surveying evaluation from the project perspective was also conducted.The results showed that Cronbach'so coefficients in five areas were all larger than 0.6 with relatively high consistency.The scale structures of five areas were relatively good and the CFI was 0.96.When discriminations of all items were larger than 0.3,the sensitivity of item for its area was high.When the scale test information was 33.8,the accuracy of sub-health status was relatively high.However,there were still some items should be further revised.It was concluded that UIRM can be used to evaluate the psychological measurement performance in the project.It is a supplement to the evaluation result of classical test theory.The reliability and validity of sub-health status scale are relatively high.After IRT correction,it can be used for human-computer interaction techniques “preventive treatment” dynamic monitoring.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612548

ABSTRACT

As the new development of scientometrics and informetrics, knowledge graph has infiltrated into the financial, industrial and medical fields, and become a hot issue in the real world research. In this article, the concept and features of knowledge graph, construction and the existing softwares, the application status and development prospect in the TCM field were reviewed, which may provide references for research on the knowledge graph in the TCM field.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1751-1754, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512366

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the technical system that is suitable for protein extracting in Angelicae sinensis seed and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE),and provide technical support for detecting the protein quality and variety purity. METHODS:Using protein content and number of electrophoretic bands as indexes,8 methods,includ-ing voncentrated gel method,salt-soluble protein method,electrode buffer method,dimercaptosyl alcohol (DTT) method,urea method,mercaptoethanol method,trimethylolaminomethane (Tris) method,and acetone precipitation method,were conducted to extract the protein in A. sinensis seed and screen the optimal extraction method. Then based on optimal extraction method,effects of different materials-lipid ratios,sample dilution times(sample volume)and separate gel concentration on SDS-PAGE were investi-gated. RESULTS:Mercaptoethanol method extracted the highest protein contents(29.931 mg/g),with many electrophoretic bands and clear background. When mercaptoethanol method was used as optimal extraction method,electrophoresis effects were the best in the conditions of materials-lipid ratio of 1:10,sample volume of 5 times,separate gel concentration of 15%,which obtained 18 bands totally. CONCLUSIONS:Established protein extraction method and SDS-PAGE technical system are suitable for detecting the purity of A. sinensis seed.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668785

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of Xuesaitong on cerebral infarction.Methods A total of 116 patients with cerebral infarction were enrolled in this study.116 patients with cerebral infarction were randomly divided into the conventional group (58 cases) and Xuesaitong group (58 cases) according to the digital table.The conventional group was given conventional treatment.The Xuesaitong group was given Xuesaitong based on the conventional treatment.The changes of neurological deficits,cognitive function improvement and daily life ability score and quality of life scores were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.Results The total effective rate and blood vessel recanalization rate of the Xuesaitong group were 96.55% and 98.28%,respectively,which were higher than those in the conventional group (84.48%,82.76%,x2 =6.344,4.723,all P <0.05).The scores of neurological deficits,cognitive function scores,daily life ability scores and quality of life scores of the Xuesaitong group were (77.91 ± 3.13) points,(94.18 ± 4.21) points,(12.42 ± 2.23) points and (27.21 ± 4.71) points,respectively,which of the conventional groupwere (30.44 ± 3.18) points,(80.01 ± 3.59) points,(20.13 ± 4.19) points,(23.41 ± 3.29) points,respectively.The differences were statistically significant between the two groups (t =5.872,9.76,6.145,9.014,all P < 0.05).Conclusion Xuesaitong in the treatment of cerebral infarction is effective,which can significantly improve the clinical efficacy,reduce the degree of neurological deficits,improve the patients'cognitive function and daily living ability.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665023

ABSTRACT

Background:Serum pepsinogens (PGs),as a serologic marker for gastric mucosal lesions,can reflect the functional status of gastric mucosa. Helicobacter pylori (Hp)infection can cause pathological changes in gastric mucosa,and has been reported to influence the serum level of PGs. Aims:To explore the influence of Hp infection on diagnostic performance of serum PGs for gastric mucosal lesions. Methods:The endoscopic findings,biopsy pathology (including Giemsa staining) and serum PGs test in 1216 cases of patients from July 2014 to June 2015 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University were collected. Patients were categorized according to the pathological diagnosis and Hp status,and the results of serum PGs test were analyzed between different groups. Results:When patients were classified by gastric mucosal lesion,no significant differences were found in serum levels of PGⅠ,PGⅡ,ratio for PGⅠ/ Ⅱ (PGR)and proportion of PG-positive (PGⅠ≤70 μg/ L and PGR < 3. 0)patients of different mucosal lesion groups with Hp-positive status (P >0. 05),whereas significant differences were observed in serum levels of PGⅠ,PGⅡ,PGR and proportions of patients with PGⅠ≤70 μg/ L or PGR < 3. 0 of different mucosal lesion groups with Hp-negative status (P < 0. 05). When patients were classified by Hp status,PGⅠ level and PGR were lower and PGⅡ level and proportion of PG-positive patients were higher in Hp-positive patients than in Hp-negative patients in any of the gastric mucosal lesion groups (P < 0. 05 in part of the comparisons). Conclusions:Hp infection is strongly associated with the alterations in serum PGs test,which narrows the differences in PGs between groups with different gastric mucosal lesions and expands that within the same mucosal lesion, subsequently decreasing PGR and increasing the proportion of PG-positive patients. Patients negative for Hp infection may need new cut-off value of serum PGs test to improve the sensitivity for diagnosis of gastric mucosal lesion.

12.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 489-493, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664645

ABSTRACT

Objective The aims of this study were to determine the expression of Ki-67 and PTEN in oral adenoid cystic carcinoma( OACC) and its relationship with clinicopathological features,and to explore the re-lationship between the expression of Ki-67 and PTEN. Methods Forty cases of oral adenoid cystic carcinoma were collected from the pathological laboratory in our hospital. Another 15 cases of normal gland in patients with oral adenoid cystic carcinoma were selected as the control group. The expression of Ki-67 protein and PTEN in adenoid cystic carcinoma was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results The positive rate of Ki-67 protein in oral adenoid cystic carcinoma was 70%(28/40),which was significantly higher than that in the control group(2/15)(P<0. 05). The positive rate of PTEN in oral adenoid cystic carcinoma was 63%(25/40),which was signif-icantly higher than that in the control group 20%(3/15)(P <0. 05). They were associated with histological types,metastasis,lymph node metastasis and neural invasion,and not correlated with age,gender and tumor loca-tion. The expression of Ki-67 and PTEN in oral adenoid cystic carcinoma may have a significant correlation. Conclusion The expression of Ki-67 and PTEN in adenoid cystic carcinoma is high,and their occurrence and development in adenoid cystic carcinoma play an important role in the process of evolution and metastasis. Ki-67 and PTEN proteins may be markers of oral adenoid cystic carcinoma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620523

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of PCR and bacterial culture in vaginal bacteria test.Methods A total of 84 patients were enrolled in the department of obstetrics and gynecology, affiliated hospital of Nankai university, from February 2014 to March 2016.Vaginal secretion was collected and tested by PCR(group A, n=42), and bacterial culture(group B, n=42).Vaginal bacteria test Resultswere compared in the two groups.ResultsEnterococcus were positive in 13 cases(30.95%)in group A, 3 cases(7.14%)in group B, gardnerella vaginalis were positive in 10 cases(23.81%)in group A, 19 cases(45.24%)in group B;Corynebacterium were positive in 13 cases(30.95%)in group A, 5 cases(11.91%)in group B.Negative rate of vaginal bacterial test was 14.29% in group A, 35.71% in group B.In the above data, the differences between the 2 groups were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion PCR test can effectively improve the positive rate of vaginal bacterial examination, and provide an objective basis for clinical treatment.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 995-997,998, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To select the optimum conditions for germination test of Sophora alopecuroides seed,and to provide reference for formulating seed test rule and standardization of S. alopecuroides. METHODS:S. alopecuroides seeds were soaked in 98% H2SO4 for 30 min and 35 ℃ warm water for 29 h,and then treated under different temperature conditions (15 ℃,20 ℃, 25℃and 30℃),different germination beds(on paper,between paper,on sand,in sand)and different light conditions(2 000 lx lighting 16 h,dark). Optimal germination condition was screened by using germination rate,germinative potential and germinative index as indicators. S. alopecuroides seeds were cultured under this condition for 7 days,and then germination rate was determined. RESULTS:Different temperatures had no significant effect on germination rate,but influenced germinative potential and germina-tive index;those indicators reached maximal value at 20 ℃. Different germination beds affected each indicator,and under condi-tion of on sand,those indicators were the highest. Light treatment had no significant effect on germination indicators. Under suit-able condition,the seed sprouted since first day of germination bed treatment;germination rate was more than 90% on second day,and reached maximal value on fifth day and didn’t increase any longer. CONCLUSIONS:The suitable condition of seed ger-mination was soaking in 98% H2SO4 30 min+35 ℃ warm water for 29 h,on sand under light at 20 ℃. Initial count on second day of germination bed treatment and final count on forth day were analyzed statistically as well as germination rate. This method can be used as standard quality test of the seed of S. alopecuroides.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 998-1001, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504319

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To select the optimum conditions for germination test of Astragalus membranaceus seed and provide reference for the formulation of testing rules of A. membranaceus seed. METHODS:First,the dormancy of A. membranaceus seeds were broken by soaking seed with 98% H2SO4 for 30 min and 35 ℃ warm water for 9 h,then treated with different temperatures of germination,different germinating beds and light conditions. Different treatment methods were evaluated by germination rate, germination potential and germination index. RESULTS:With the increase of temperature,germination rate,germination potential and germination index decreased. At 30 ℃,germination rate,germination index,and germination potential were significantly low-er than those of seed with other treatments,in which the germination rate was the highest at 15℃;but there wasn’t significant dif-ference in germination rate of 15 ℃ and 20 ℃. There were no significant differences in germination rate of different germination beds,but sand bed could restrain bacterial growth well. Under both light and dark conditions,seed could normally germinate. The appropriate condition of A. membranacus seed germination was at 15 ℃,sand bed and dark. The germination rate,germination po-tential and germination index were(98.5±0.65)%,(85.5±0.87)%and 175.8±2.31,respectively. Meanwhile,the germination pe-riod was only 4 days. CONCLUSIONS:Suggested quality control method of A. membranaceus seed is that at 15 ℃,sand bed and dark. The second day of germination as initial counting time and forth day as the last counting time are used to calculate germina-tion index. This method is easy and controllable. It also has short germination period and high germination rate.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of inhibitor of kappa B kinase ( IKK) inhibitor on carotid artery restenosis in rat by balloon catheter injury. Methods: A total of 32 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, injured group and med?icine group. The balloon catheter injury was performed on left common carotid artery of rat by imitating the process of angioplasty. In?jured group and control group were injected saline, medicine group were injected IKK inhibitor. After 15 days, the process of neointi?mal and media hyperplasia was observed by HE staining and the expression level of NF?κB, IKK, inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B ( IκB) was detected by Western blot, the content of IL?6, TNF?αwas detected by radioimmunoassay, and the content of MMP?1 was determined by MMP?1 kit. Results: Arterial neointima hyperplasia hapened in 3 groups. There was significantly difference between control group and medicine group and injured group in intimal area, the expression level of NF?κB, IKK, IκB, and the content of IL?6, TNF?α and MMP?1 ( P<0?05 or 0?01) . There was no significance in these indexes between control group and medicine group ( P>0?05) . Conclusion:IKK inhibitor can reduce the carotid artery restenosis after balloon injury by inhibiting inflammatory reaction induced by IKK?IκB?NF?κB pathway.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492724

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the in situ intestinal absorption behaviors of 3,29-dibenzoyl-karounitriol(DK)in Gualou-Xiebai(GX)extract in rats. Methods A rat in situ single-pass perfusion model was used and the concentrations of the perfusate were determined by HPLC-PDAD to investigate the intestinal absorption site and mechanism. Results The main absorption site of DK in GX extract was jejunum,ileum and colon,and the absorption had no significant difference in the three different segments of rat intes?tine(P>0.05),but was significantly higher than that in duodenum(P0.05). Conclusion DK in GX extract could be absorbed in whole intestinal segment,with the best intestinal absorption site of jejunum,ileum and colon. Its absorbing mechanism may be related to passive diffusion.

18.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 308-310,330, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603396

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of BTB/POZ ( broad complex, tramtrack and bric a brac/poxviruses and zinc finger) on proliferation of breast cancer cell lines.Methods The eukaryotic expression plasmid pCMV-HA-BPOZ was constructed by cloning from cDNA of human genome.Western blotting was used to detect the expression of pCMV-HA-BPOZ.Cells growth assay was used to detect the effect of BPOZ on proliferation and colony formation assay was used to detect the effect of BPOZ on cell growth ability.Results Western blotting showed that HA-BPOZ was efficiently expressed in cells.Moreover, the growth ability and proliferation of cells were significantly inhibited in BPOZ overexpressed cells compared with the control cells (both P <0.05).Conclusionp CMV-HA-BPOZ plasmid is constructed.BPOZ can restrain breast cancer cell lines MCF7 and ZR-75-1 cells from proliferating and growing.The results of our study can con-tribute to the study of functions of BPOZ in breast cancer.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1019-1023, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469482

ABSTRACT

Objective Study on cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 gene single nucleotide polymorphism and the clinical prognosis of coronary heart disease (CHD) patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after long-term use of clopidogrel.Methods A total of 150 cases of CHD patients was chosen prospectively between January 2013 and June 2014 who were hospitalized and PCI.All patients accepted dual antiplatelet therapy.Platelet aggregation rate and platelet aggregation inhibition rate were detected before taking the medicine and after PCI,which were used to classify the patients into clopidogrel-resistance groups (CR) and non-clopidogrel-resistance group (NCR).CYP2C19 gene single nucleotide polymorphism type was determined.The patients in CR group accepted clinical intervention countermeasures and NCR group was used as control,and postoperative recurrence angina and bleeding at the one year of operation were observed.Results About 24.67% of patients with CHD with clopidogrel treatment,platelet aggregation rate cannot recover to normal.The correlation analysis showed CYP2C19* 2 carriers had a significantly higher platelet aggregation rate.Comprehensive analysis found that CYP2C19 * 2,long-term smoking,increased platelet count,and diabetes were the independent risk factors that platelet aggregation rate cannot recover to normal.No significant differences were found in primary end point,secondary end points,and bleeding events between CR group after clinical intervention countermeasures and NCR group.Conclusions CYP2C19 * 2,long-term smoking,increased platelet count,and diabetes are the independent risk factors that platelet aggregation rate cannot be developed to standard.Patients with clopidogrel resistance,the clinical intervention countermeasures to strengthen antiplatelet therapy can improve high platelet reactivity after PCI in CHD patients,and does not increase the risk of bleeding.

20.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1075-1076,1079, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600428

ABSTRACT

Objective To distinguish the increase of white blood cells after glucocorticoid is the adverse reaction of glucocor‐ticoid or infection aggravated .If we can analyse it properly ,the abuse of antimicrobials and waste of medical could be avoid re‐source .Methods 74 patients which were in our hospital from 2011 .1 to 2012 .12 were recruited into this study .They were divided into three groups ,including non‐infection with glucocorticoid(n=15) ,infection without glucocorticoid(n=29) and infection with glucocorticoid(n=30) according to disease and therapies .After being treated 0 day ,3 days ,7 days ,venous blood of patients were collected to detect white blood count ,CRP and morphology of leukocyte .Results The group of non‐infection with glucocorticoid applied glucocorticoid after 3 days and 7days ,WBC was increased significantly(P0 .05) .Conclusion Glucocorticoid rise the count of WBC in peripheral blood especially the neutrophil .We can evaluate in‐fectious status by the level of CRP and the count of band neutrophils in peripheral blood smear .

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