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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467290

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe if fluoxetine has a potency to inhibit the progression of Lewis lung cancer by combining the fluoxetine and cisplatin to treat the mice bearing Lewis lung cancer with depression .Methods We devel-oped a mouse model of Lewis lung cancer with depression which was intervened with cisplatin and fluoxetine , and the indi-cators related to cancer and depression were tested .Social interaction test was used to measure the behavioral changes of the depressed model mice .The serum cortisol and IL-6, BDNF mRNA in the hippocampus , and NF-κB and VEGF in the tumor tissue were selected for investigation and comparison .Results The mice which were induced by social defeat exhib-ited social avoidance behavior in the social interaction test .The cortisol and IL-6 level in both combination groups was de-creased compared with that in the model group (P0.05).Conclusions Fluoxetine has antidepres-sant effect by decreasing the high level of serum cortisol and promoting the BDNF mRNA expression in the hippocampus . However , fluoxetine is not found to have the potency to inhibit the expression of NF -κB related with the progression of tumor.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3957-3962, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240652

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi-Tang (BSYQT), which is prescribed on the basis of clinical experience, is commonly used in clinics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for asthma treatment. The components of BSYQT include Radix Astragali (RA), Herba Epimedii (HE) and Radix Rehmanniae (RR). The aim of this study was to compare the effect of granules and herbs of BSYQT on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into the normal control (NC) group, asthmatic group (A), decoction of granules of BSYQT treatment group (GD), decoction of herbs of BSYQT treatment group (HD), and dexamethasone treatment group (DEX). The mouse asthmatic model was induced by ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge. GD and HD of BSYQT as well as DEX were prepared and administered by intragastric infusion. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine (Mch), lung histopathology analysis, inflammatory mediators in serum (IL-4, IL-5, IL-17A, IFN-γ, and eotaxin) and in lung (IL-4, IL-5, IFN-γ, and eotaxin) were selected for investigation and comparison.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both GD and HD treatment could decrease airway resistance (RL) and increase dynamic compliance (Cdyn) to Mch compared with the A group (P < 0.05). HD treatment was more effective in RL reduction than Mch at doses of 3.125 and 6.25 mg/ml (P < 0.05) and in Cdyn increase at Mch doses of 6.25 and 12.5 mg/ml (P < 0.05). There were no marked differences in RL reduction and Cdyn improvement between mice in HD and DEX groups (P > 0.05). Both GD and HD treatment markedly attenuated lung inflammation (P < 0.05), and HD treatment demonstrated more significant therapeutic function in alleviating lung inflammation than that of GD and DEX treatment (P < 0.05). Both GD and HD treatment resulted in a significant reduction in IL-4 and IL-17A levels and an increase in the IFN-γ level in serum compared with the A group (P < 0.05). The effect of HD in lowering the IL-4 and IL-17A level was significantly greater than that of GD (P < 0.05), and was not significantly different from DEX (P > 0.05). HD treatment significantly reduced the serum level of IL-5 and eotaxin compared with the A group (P < 0.05), however, mice in the GD treatment group did not demonstrate this effect. GD and HD treatment significantly reduced IL-4 and eotaxin mRNA expression compared with the A group (P < 0.05). HD treatment significantly reduced IL-5 mRNA expression compared with the A group (P < 0.05). There was a significant difference between the GD and HD treatment groups in reducing IL-5 and eotaxin mRNA expression (P < 0.05). HD treatment was more effective in down-regulation of IL-5 in serum and eotaxin level both in serum and lung than DEX (P < 0.05). Compared with the A group, an obvious increase in mRNA expression of IFN-γ was observed in both the GD and HD treatment groups (P < 0.05). However, the effect of HD treatment on increase of IFN-γ mRNA expression was more apparent than GD and DEX treatment (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both GD and HD treatment could decrease AHR, attenuate lung inflammation, reduce IL-4, IL-5, IL-17A, and eotaxin levels and increase IFN-γ levels in asthmatic mice. HD treatment manifests more remarkable inhibitory effects on asthmatic inflammation than GD treatment, which could provide a guide for further research on the screening of the material basis of the best anti-inflammatory effect of BSYQT.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454356

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the detection efficiency of residual reagent used in electrochemiluminescence immunoassay an-alyzer .Methods Alpha fetoprotein (AFP) ,carcino-embryonic antigen(CEA) and total prostate specific antigen(TPSA) were de-tected by using remaining reagents .The precision and recovery rate of remaining reagents were analyzed .Referring to the document of NCCLS EP9-A2 ,8 clinic samples were detected everyday by residual reagent and new reagent respectively .The test results of to-tal 40 samples were recorded within 5 days .The test results derived from 2 kinds of reagents were analyzed comparatively and their bias was evaluated by using new reagent as a control method and residual reagent as experimental methods .Results The within-run and between-run coefficients of variation(CV) of the 3 items measured by residual reagents in low and high levels of quality control products met the related standard .The recovery rate was variable from 90% to 110% .The test rewults of the 2 kinds of reagents were positively correlated(r2 >0 .95) .Their anticipated biases were within allowed biases on the medical decision level of CEA ,AFP and T PSA .Conclusion Residual reagent of electrochemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer can meet the clinical practice needs , which also can ensure the quality of measurement and the reduction of the cost .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429348

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of B7-H3 on human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 mediating regulation on human peripheral blood CD8+T cell activation,cell cycle and secretion of IL-17.Methods The expression of the B7-H3 on HepG2 cells was detected by RT-PCR and FCM respectively.B7-H3 was silenced by PGPU6/GFP/neo-B7-H3shRNA plasmid via cathodolyte liposome transfection method.CD8+T cells were sorted from healthy human peripheral blood with immunomagetic beads.The effect of HepG2 cells on activation,cell cycle and cytokine secretion of CD8+T cells which was stimulated by PHA or PMA respectively were analyzed by FCM.Results B7-H3 was highly expressed on HepG2 cells,and PGPU6/GFP/neo-B7-H3shRNA plasmid could effectively block down its expression.Otherwise,HepG2 cells could inhibit the expression of CD69,the early activation phenotype of T cell,blockade B7-H3 on HepG2 cells could significantly attenuate the inhibitory effects.Likewise,blockade B7-H3 on HepG2 cells apparently reversed the inhibitory effects of HepG2 cells on CD8+T cell cycle through down-regulating the cell number in G0/G1 phase and up-regulating the cell number in S phase;Moreover,HepG2 cells caused a sharp increase of IL-17 which was secreted by CD8+T cells and the level of IL-17 was further up-regulated after blocking down B7-H3.Conclusion HepG2 cells highly expressed B7-H3 that could promote the inhibitory the effect of HepG2 on expression of CD69 and cell cycle of CD8+T cells.HepG2 cells were able to up-regulate the level of IL-17 secreted by CD8+T cells,in which B7-H3 played an inhibitory role.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429329

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of programmed death ligand 2 (PDL2) in human placenta derived mesenchymal stem cells(hPMSCs) mediated immunoregulation on peripheral blood T cells activation,proliferation and cell cycle.Methods The expression of the PDL2 on hPMSCs was detected by RT-PCR,LSCM and FCM,respectively.Specific PDL2 siRNAs were transfected into hPMSCs via cathodolyte liposome transfection method.T cells were sorted from healthy peripheral blood by gradient centrifugation.The expression of early activation phenotype,proliferation and cell cycle of T cells were analyzed by FCM.Results PDL2 siRNA could effectively block the expression of PDL2 which was highly expressed on hPMSCs.The expression of CD69 on T cells had no significantly difference in blocking groups compared with unblocking groups.hPMSCs could inhibit the proliferation of T cells induced by PMA,compared with that of unblocking groups,the number of the T cells in G0/G1 phase was decreased while the number of the T cells in S phase was increased in the blocking groups.Conclusion PDL2 expressed on hPMSCs could promote the inhibitory effect of hPMSCs on T cell cycle and proliferation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404167

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the production and activation of caspase-3 in primary rat renal proximal tubule cells in response to tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and the implication of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in the process. METHODS:Isolated rat renal proximal tubule cells (PTCs) from male adult Sprague Dawley rats were treated with TNF-α according to the indicated time courses. A specific NF-κB inhibitor,Bay11-7082,was used alone or as a pretreatment for 1 h followed by exposure to TNF-α for 24 h.The protein levels of cleaved caspase-3,caspase-3,I-κBα,phosphorylated I-κBα,and GAPDH were detected by Western blotting using specific antibodies. RESULTS:The protein level of cleaved caspase-3 relative to caspase-3 was significantly increased in the presence of TNF-α for 6 h,12 h,and 24 h. Protein levels of caspase-3 were significantly decreased by 12 h and returned to baseline by 24 h in the presence of TNF-α. Treatment with Bay11-7082 for 25 h alone or pretreatment with Bay11-7082 for 1 h followed by addition of TNF-α for 24 h caused a remarkable reduction in both cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-3 as compared to control and TNF-α treated groups. An increase in phosphorylated I-κBα was observed from 15 min to 60 min after treatment with TNF-α at a dose of 10 μg/L in PTCs. CONCLUSION:NF-κB is not only associated with the activation of caspase-3 but also the production of caspase-3 in primary rat renal proximal tubule cells in response to TNF-α.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559258

ABSTRACT

Objective To study dexamethasone and higher C-reactive protein(CRP) on effects of platelets concentrates(PC) transfusion for bleeding patients with thrombocytopenia.Methods To investigate peripheral blood platelets count,clinical bleeding before(CRP test simultaneously) and 12~16 hours after PC transfusion for 45 non-fever,non-splenomegaly and non-DIC(disseminated intravascular coagulation,DIC) patients with leukemia,aplastic anemia,or solid tumor chemotherapy,which had bleeding and needed PC transfusion.All cases were divided into two groups:CRP normal and CRP higher one according to their CRP results.Each group were also classified as non-dexamethasone and dexamethasone division(10mg dexamethasone intravenous injection before transfusions) respectively,in order to analyze the relationships between effects of PC transfusion and serum levels of CRP or dexamethasone.Results The peripheral blood platelets counts (33.2?9.2)?109/L after PC transfusions in CRP normal group were more than that (25.4?10.4)?109/L,in CRP higher group,with significant differences(t=4.42,P

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