Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 34
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of interventional treatment for neonatal critical pulmonary stenosis(NCPS).Methods:Clinical data of 12 neonates with NCPS who received percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (PBPV) from January 2016 to December 2019 in Department of Cardiology, Shenzhen Children′s Hospital were summarized and analyzed.The collected data included transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), percutaneous oxygen saturation (SPO 2), relevant data on interventional surgery, and follow-up results. Results:All 12 neonates with NCPS received PBPV successfully.The postoperative pressure difference between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery ranged from 8 to 35 mmHg[(20±7) mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa]. The postoperative SPO 2 ranged from 74%-100%[(93.0±5.9)%]. Three neonates with NCPS received Blalock-Taussig (B-T) shunt.One neonate with NCPS developed supraventricular tachycardia during the operation.There was no death for these 12 neonates with NCPS. Conclusions:Interventional treatment of neonates with NCPS could achieve a better effect and be employed as the first treatment option.Some neonates with NCPS would require cardiac B-T shunt or patent ductus arteriosus stent implantation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886086

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze bacterial epidemiological characteristics of adult foodborne diarrhea cases in Jinan from 2013 to 2019, and to provide references for the prevention and control of foodborne diseases. Methods Using SPSS21.0, the pathogen detection results of 1513 adult diarrhea cases reported by the foodborne disease surveillance sentinel hospital in Jinan was analyzed. Results The positive detection rate of the pathogen of foodborne diarrhea in adults was 46.07%. Among these, the positive rate of bacterial infection was 30.60%, mainly Escherichia coli; the positive rate of norovirus infection was 20.29%, and the main infection genotype was GⅡ; and the positive rate of bacterial-virus infection was 4.82%. The difference in pathogen positive detection rates in different quarters was statistically significant (χ2=11.894, P=0.008). Bacterial infection was the main factor during the second to the fourth quarters, while viral infection became critical in the second and the fourth quarters. The top three suspected exposure foods were meat and meat products (18.77%), mixed foods (14.83%), and fruits and their products (14.35%). Conclusion The positive rate of adult foodborne diarrhea pathogens in Jinan is relatively high. It is recommended to increase sentinel monitoring hospitals. At the same time, the foodborne disease prevention and control measures should be developed based on seasonal changes, different age groups, and different characteristics of exposed food.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847304

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As an excellent material in recent years, electrospinning membrane provides a new method to promote the healing of wound. Based on the diversity of its fibrous base and active components, it is flexible to build a drug delivery system for electrospinning wound repair. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the mechanism and functional characteristics of the components belonging to electrospinning fiber membrane drug-loading system, and to guide the selection of construction strategies for wound healing materials. METHODS: The literature search was performed in Web of Science, PubMed, CNKI, and WanFang databases. The key words were “electrospinning, wound dressing, nanofibers, wound healing, drug deliver”. Ninety articles were included in this review finally. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The construction strategies of electrospinning wound repair drug-delivery system were diverse. Through electrospinning technology, different polymers could be used to carry stem cell components or other small functional bioactive “drugs”, thus constructing a variety of effective composite systems. These materials might be applied to all aspects of the wound healing process, and finally achieve the purpose of promoting wound soft tissue healing. The excellent drug-loading system/drug-loading strategies have expanded the vision of wound treatment. Compared with traditional hydrogel and accessory treatment products, the multi-mechanism, function and possibility characteristics of electrospinning wound repair drug-delivery system determined its advantages in wound treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823105

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the extraction method and develop the detection method of ginsenoside Rb1 and astragaloside Ⅳ in Weikang granules. Methods The extraction process of ginsenoside Rb1 and astragaloside Ⅳ in Weikang granules were optimized by single factor investigation, with the contents of ginsenoside Rb1 and astragaloside Ⅳ as optimization indicators. The HPLC-ELSD method was developed for the detection of ginsenoside Rb1 and astragaloside Ⅳ in Weikang granules. Separation was carried out on an XBridge®Shield RP18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile-water(32:68)at the flow rate of 1 ml/min. The column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃. The drift tube temperature was set at 60 ℃, and the carrier gas flow rate was 1.7 SLM. Results The optimized extraction methods of ginsenoside Rb1 and astragaloside Ⅳ in Weikang granules were as the following: methanol reflux extraction for 1.5 h, and n-butanol extraction and ammonia washed for 5 and 2 times, respectively. The HPLC-ELSD method was established to detect the contents of ginsenoside Rb1 and astragaloside Ⅳ. The linear relationship was good (r > 0.9997). The intra-day and inter-day precision was less than 1%. The recovery rates were 95.65% and 100.57%. The stability and repeatability RSD were less than 3%. The contents were 2.8630 mg/g and 0.2576 mg/g. The RSDs were 0.62% and 1.51%, respectively. Conclusion The extraction method of ginsenoside Rb1 and astragaloside Ⅳ in Weikang granules is optimized, and a reliable, accurate and reproducible HPLC-ELSD method for the detection of the contents of ginsenoside Rb1 and astragaloside Ⅳ in Weikang granules is established.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745137

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis using the tele-ultrasound robot system . Methods During the period from May to June 2018 ,42 volunteers were consecutive selected to participate in this study ,and their digestive system and urinary system were examined using the robot method manufactured by GI Tech Co . ,Ltd ,Shenzhen and the traditional method . The results including the ultrasound diagnosis and the inspection time of two methods in each patient were compared . The ultrasonographic diagnosis of each volunteer was obtained by two methods and the time was recorded . The ultrasound images of the two methods were mixed together ,and the quality of the images was evaluated double-blindly by two senior doctors . Results There were actually 25 positive lesions in 42 volunteers . In the ultrasonic diagnosis of the two methods ,22 lesions were positive detected by robot method ,with 5 lesions misdiagnosed . In the traditional method , 24 lesions were positive detected , with 1 lesions misdiagnosed . Using the Wilcoxon signed rank test of paired sample comparison ,the score obtained by the robot method was 4 .79 ± 0 .57 ,and the score obtained by the traditional method was 4 .81 ± 0 .54 ( Z =0 .775 ,P= 0 .439) ,the difference was not statistically significant . There was no statistically significant difference in the images'qulity between the robot method and the traditional method using the chi-square test of the four-grid data( P >0 .05) . The check time for volunteers with negative result was ( 8 .64 ± 2 .95) min in robotic method and ( 2 .55 ± 0 .74 ) min in the traditional method ,the difference was statistically significant ( t =15 .161 , P =0 .000) . Conclusions The robot method has high value in common disease diagnosis and high quality in image acquisition ,and can be used in real-time diagnosis of the remote areas or community medical .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791014

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors for energy balance and the relationship be-tween energy balance and clinical outcome in PICU mechanical ventilation children. Methods Children with mechanical ventilation who were hospitalized in PICU for more than 3 days from June 2015 to May 2016 were collected, resting energy expenditure was measured by resting energy metabolic detector, and the nutrition bal-ance was calculated, the influencing factors on energy balance was analyzed by regression analysis. Results A total of 104 mechanical ventilation children were included with the average energy consumption of ( 265. 4 ± 63. 2) kJ/kg in the first 3 days and the average energy supply of (219. 8±82. 9) kJ/kg, and failed to reach the target value ( P<0. 05) . As the time of hospitalization was prolonged, the supply of energy increased gradu-ally, the SAPS Ⅱ ( r=-0. 609, P=0. 000) , mechanical ventilation time ( r=-0. 456, P=0. 000) , ICU stay time ( r=-0. 646, P=0. 000) , the number of organ failure ( r=-0. 568, P=0. 000) , infection complications ( r=-0. 859, P=0. 000) were negatively correlated to energy supply balance; regression analysis showed that complications of nosocomial infection ( P = 0. 000 ) , number of organ failure ( P = 0. 000 ) , mechanical ventilation time ( P=0. 000) , ICU retention time ( P=0. 001) were predictors of energy supply balance. Con-clusion Insufficient supply of energy for the first three days of mechanical ventilation is high in the critically ill children. Factors affecting energy supply balance include patient's organ failure, infection complications, me-chanical ventilation time, and ICU retention time, which suggest that the strengthening of the nutritional man-agement of the critically ill children with mechanical ventilation will benefit to the clinical outcome.

7.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 249-253, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806372

ABSTRACT

Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid found in plasma and cells. It is the preferred fuel for enterocytes in the small intestine, macrophages, and lymphocytes. After serious burn, increased requirement of glutamine by the gastrointestinal tract, kidney and lymphocytes, and relatively insufficient self synthesis likely contribute to the rapid decline of glutamine in circulation and cells. Glutamine supplementation can not only protect intestinal mucosa, maintain normal intestinal barrier function, reduce bacterial translocation, and enhance the intestinal immune function, but also increase the number of lymphocytes, enhance the phagocytic function of macrophage, promote the synthesis of immunoglobulin, and reduce the body′s inflammatory response, so as to enhance the immune function. Therefore, glutamine supplementation can improve and enhance the immune function, reduce complications and promote the prognosis of severely burned patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709129

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the safety and efficacy of intravenous umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells in treatment of end stage heart failure (HF).Methods Twenty-one end stage HF patients with cardiac function Ⅳaccording to NYHA were treated with intravenous umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells.Their cardiac function was assessed,their NT-proBNP,LVEF,LVEDD were measured before and after treatment for 1 month,3 months and 6 months.Results Umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells were effective for 20 patients and ineffective for 1 patient who died within 30 days after treatment.The rate of improved cardiac function Ⅱ and Ⅲ was significantly higher while the serum NT-proBNP level was significantly lower after treatment for 1 month and 3 months (90.5%,95.2% vs 0%,P<0.05;3045.3±103.8 ng/L,3367.5±111.4 ng/L vs 5312.1±121.9 ng/L,P<0.05).Conclusion Intravenous umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells are safe for end stage HF patients,alleviate their symptoms,improve their cardiac function and quality of life with no significant side effect.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811793

ABSTRACT

@#Functionalized graphene oxide is prepared based on graphene. It has attracted great interest from all over the world due to its good solubility, biocompatibility, high loading rate, and easy modification. This paper summarizes the surface modification of graphene oxide, and its applications on anti-tumor, antibacteria, anti-hypertension, gene therapy and biosafety as a drug carrier, providing new methods and ideas in the biomedical field.

10.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 19(3): 77-81, May 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787011

ABSTRACT

Background: Analytical techniques such as methylation-sensitive amplification polymorphism and high-performance liquid chromatography were used to detect variation in DNA methylation of mature Chrysanthemum leaves during the floral transition induced by short-day (SD) treatment. Results: For both early- and late-flowering cultivars, the time from the date of planting to the appearance of the capitulum bud and early blooming were significantly shorter than those of the control. The capitulum development of the early-flowering cultivar was significantly accelerated compared to the control, unlike the late-flowering cultivar. The DNA methylation percentage of leaves was significantly altered during flower development. For the early-flowering cultivar, DNA methylation was 42.2-51.3% before the capitulum bud appeared and 30.5-44.5% after. The respective DNA methylation percentages for the late-flowering cultivar were 43.5-56% and 37.2-44.9%. Conclusions: The DNA methylation percentage of Chrysanthemum leaves decreased significantly during floral development. The decline in DNA methylation was elevated in the early-flowering cultivar compared with the late-flowering cultivar.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation/genetics , Chrysanthemum/genetics , Flowers/growth & development , Flowers/genetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505317

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors of initial surgery and postoperative complications of Crohn's disease (CD).Methods The retrospective case-control study was conducted.The clinical data of 227 patients with CD who were admitted to the Cangzhou Central Hospital from April 2011 to July 2015 were collected.Treatment principles included reducing the clinical symptoms,promoting healing of intestinal mucosa under endoscopy,delaying CD progression and preventing intestinal exhaustion and related complications.The medication was performed in the early period.The resection of partial intestines was applied to patients if there was poor effect of medication or combined with intestinal obstruction,intestinal fistula,digestive tract perforation,abdominal abscess and complex anal fistula.Observation indicators:(1) treatment situation,(2) follow-up situation,(3) related factors analysis affecting initial surgery of patients with CD,(4) related factors analysis affecting postoperative complications of patients after initial surgery for CD.Follow-up using regular telephone interview and outpatient examination was performed up to May 2016.Follow-up included the wound infection,abdominal abscess,intestinal obstruction,anastomotic fistula and pulmonary infection.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as-x ± s and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test.Count data were represented as the proportion and analyzed by the chi-square test.The univariate analysis was done using the chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis test,and multivariate analysis was done using the Logistic regression model.Results (1) Treatment situation:of 227 patients,68 underwent initial surgery and 159 didn't undergo surgery.The duration from diagnosis to initial surgery in 68 patients was (4.7 ± 2.5) months.Of 68 patients with surgery,28 received the emergency surgery and 40 received the selective surgery.Operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss were (175 ±44) minutes and (285 ± 110) mL,respectively.The side-to-side anastomosis was conducted in 47 patients and non-side-to-side anastomosis in 21 patients.Other 159 patients without surgery received the medication of mesalazine,hydrocortisone,methotrexate and infliximab.(2) Follow-up situation:68 patients with initial surgery were followed up for 5-61 months,and 22 had postoperative complications.Of 9 patients with anastomotic fistula,6 had enterocutaneous fistula (5 patients with enterocutaneous fistula were improved by selective surgery,and the other patient was progress to acute diffuse peritonitis and then was improved by peritoneal lavage,adequate drainage and nutritional support therapy after emergency surgery).Three patients with anastomotic abscess were improved by adequate drainage.Six patients with secondary intestinal obstruction were improved by conservative treatment.Three patients with abdominal abscess were improved after antiinflammatory treatment and adequate drainage.Two patients with wound infection were improved by regular dressing change.Two patients with pulmonary infection were improved by anti-inflammatory and phlegm conservative treatment.(3) The related factors analysis affecting initial surgery of patients with CD.The results of univariate analysis showed that age of diagnosis,smoking history and behavior of disease were the related factors affecting initial surgery of patients with CD (Z =-2.120,x2 =5.082,50.512,P< 0.05).The results of multivariate analysis showed that A3 of age of diagnosis,B2 and B3 of pattern of disease were the independent risk factors affecting initial surgery of patients with CD [OR =15.624,10.535,28.509,95% confidence interval (CI):4.856-29.375,3.609-17.637,8.526-79.228,P < 0.05].(4) The related factors analysis affecting postoperative complications of patients after initial surgery for CD.The results of univariate analysis showed that preoperative levels of albumin (Alb) and hemoglobin (Hb),emergency surgery,operation time and anastomotic method were the related factors affecting postoperative complications of patients after initial surgery for CD (x2 =10.757,7.639,6.773,4.309,16.346,P < 0.05).The results of multivariate analysis showed that preoperative Alb≤28 g/L,Hb≤ 100 g/L,emergency surgery and non-side-to-side anastomosis were the independent risk factors affecting postoperative complications of patients after initial surgery for CD (OR =9.592,8.849,6.538,12.645,95%CI:2.209-25.235,2.034-24.773,1.846-15.893,3.935-38.873,P < 0.05).Conclusions The age of diagnosis > 40 years,B2 and B3 of CD are high risk group of initial surgery.The poor preoperative nutritional status,emergency surgery and non-side-to-side anastomosis are independent risk factors affecting postoperative complications of patients after initial surgery for CD.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491982

ABSTRACT

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α(PPARα)is an important subtype in the PPARs family. PPARs are a group of nuclear hormone receptors,which belong to type II nuclear receptor super family.PPARαagonists could be used in the treatment of hyperlipemia in clinic.PPARαagonists mainly include natural type and synthetic type,and according to the structure,the synthetic PPARαagonists can be divided into phenyl-heterocy-clic derivatives,ureide derivatives,amides derivatives,phenyloxazole or phenylthiazole derivatives,etc.So far, many PPARαagonists have been approved or in clinical development,and a series of novel PPARαagonists with higher activity and selectivity are being developed.This review will survey the progress in PPARαagonists.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 872-876, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495592

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have demonstrated that endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition ( EndMT) plays a pivotal role in the cardiovascular system, spanning cardiovascular development through to cardiovascular diseases (CVD).In this review, we describe the common signaling mechanisms that promote EndMT participating in the pathological process of CVD, and we discuss how these in-tracellular cascades participate in crosstalk to integrate cues to reverse EndMT, which potentially may provide novel therapeutic oppor-tunities for CVD.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3063-3065, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500970

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the intervention effects of (E)-4-[2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpropanoyloxy]-3-me-thoxyphenyl acrylic acid (AZ) on fat accumulation in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. METHODS:Oleic acid was used to induce fat accumulation in HepG2 cells in logarithmic phase for establishing models of fat accumulation,which were divided into a model group,a positive control group(100 μg/ml simvastatin),and the groups of 15.63,31.25,62.5,125,250,500 and 1 000 μg/ml AZ,and a normal control group was set up. MTT method was used to detect the survival rates of all groups of cells,kit was per-formed to determine the contents of triglyceride (TG) in all groups of cells and calculate the clearance rates,and oil red O stain was conducted to observe the lipid droplet morphology of all groups of cells. RESULTS:Compared to the normal control group, the model group and the groups of 15.63-125 μg/ml AZ demonstrated no obviously different survival rate of cells,and the groups of 250-1 000 μg/ml AZ had lower survival rate of cells. There was statistically significance (P<0.05). The contents of TG in the cells of the model group were higher than those in the cells of the normal control group. The positive control group and the groups of 62.5 and 125 μg/ml AZ had lower contents of TG in the cells compared to the model group,showing a TG clearance rate of (28.58 ± 0.15)%,(14.51 ± 0.09)% and (29.72 ± 0.16)% respectively. There was statistically significance (P<0.01 or P<0.05). There were much more lipid droplets in the cells of the model group than in those of the normal control group. The lipid droplets in AZ groups gradually became less in quantity and smaller with the increasing in drug concentration. CONCLUSIONS:AZ has inter-vention effect on fat accumulation in HepG2 cells.

15.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1091-1095, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464363

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of ginkgo flavone on the expression of NF-κB and TLR4 in the liver of mice with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods 120 KM mice were randomly divided into the control group, model group, as well as high, medium and low dosage of ginkgo flavone groups. The animal model of NAFLD in mice was constructed with high fat diet. The pathological changes of liver, liver index , the serum TNF-α, IL-6 , TG , NF-κB and TLR4 in hepatic tissue was observed after 8 weeks of administration. Results Compared with the model group, the level of liver index, serum TG, TNF-α, IL-6 and the expression of NF-κBp65 in the ginkgo flavone groups dramatically decreased 8 weeks after the administration. And the hepatic steatosis was milder. There was no statistical differences in the expression of TLR4 between the ginkgo flavone groups and the control group (P > 0.05). Conclusions These results suggested the closely relationship between TLR4/NF-κB inflammatory pathway and NAFLD. Ginkgo flavone had the therapeutical effects on NAFLD by anti-inflammatory and lipid-lowering action, but no effect was observed on the expression of TLR4 in hepatic tissue.

16.
Journal of Clinical Surgery ; (12): 824-826, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482281

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore Angptl2(angiopoietin-like protein 2)expression in tumor tis-sue and serum in patients with breast cancer(BC). Methods A total of 78 BC patients were enrolled in this study. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect Angptl2 expression in tumor and adjacent normal tis-sues. Preoperative and postoperative serum Angptl2 levels were determined via ELISA. Correlation among Angptl2 expression,clinicopathological factors and progression-free survival(PFS)were further evalua-ted. The receiver operating characteristics(ROC)curve was constructed to describe diagnostic specificity and sensitivity. Results Angptl2 was positively expressed in 64(82. 1% )cases. The rates of high and moderate expression of Angpt l2 in tumor and adjacent tissues were 53. 8%(42 / 78)and 7. 7%(6 / 78), respectively(P ﹤ 0. 001). Moreover,the elevated Angptl2 protein was significantly associated with lymph metastasis and adverse PFS. In addition,serum Angptl2 level in BC patients was significantly higher than that in benign controls[(218. 72 ± 88. 02)vs(80. 88 ± 30. 59)ng/ ml,P ﹤ 0. 01]. The area under the curve(AUC)was 0. 909,which indicated a good function for diagnosis. Postoperative serum Angptl2 level was decreased to(142. 43 ± 60. 29)ng/ ml,but still higher than that in controls(P ﹤ 0. 01). Conclusion The expression of Angptl2 may increase in tumor tissue and serum of BC and it may be a potential tumor marker for diagnosis and prognosis.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4286-4287,4288, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the determination of residuals of petroleum ether,ethanol,xylene and ace-tic acid in ecabet sodium crude drug. METHODS:Capillary GC was performed on the column of PGE-20M capillary column at the flow rate of 1.7 ml/min,detector was hydrogen flame ionization detector,carrier gas was nitrogen with high purity,column temper-ature was 45 ℃,maintaining 4 min,it increased to 80 ℃ with rate of 10 ℃/min,then increased to 135 ℃ with rate of 30 ℃/min,maintaining 3 min,the injection mode was direct injection,inlet temperature was 250 ℃,and the volume injection was 1.0 μl. RESULTS:The mass concentration was 0.050-1.952 g/L for petroleum ether,0.050-1.941 g/L for ethanol,0.024-0.948 g/L for xy-lene and 0.050-1.947g/L for acetic acid(r=0.999 1-0.999 7);RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were no more than 1.7%;recoveries were 99.3%-101.0%(RSD=0.7%,n=9),102.3%-103.7%(RSD=0.4%,n=9),101.2%-102.1%(RSD=0.3%,n=9) and 100.3%-102.2%(RSD=0.6%,n=9),respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple and accurate,and can be used for the control of residual of organic solvents in ecabet sodium crude drug.

18.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 426-428,459, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790502

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a rapid SERS detection method based on monolithic column for detection of dye adul-terated natural indigo .Methods The dyes in natural indigo were extracted and mixed with silver colloid .The spectra were re-corded after applying the mixture solution to the monolithic column since the intertwined pores in monolithic column could con-tribute for the distribution of silver nanoparticles .Results SERS signals of malachite green dyed natural indigo at quantity as low as 500 μg/kg could be obtained .Conclusion This simple ,fast and specific SERS detection method based on monolithic col-umn could be used for rapid detection of stained natural indigo .

19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 128-131, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328969

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the different expressions of ER and ER gene status between primary and relapsed/metastatic lesions and their clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ER and ER gene status of primary and relapse/metastatic breast cancer masked in 70 metastatic breast cancer patients were assessed by determination of methylation status by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and methylation specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP), respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Positive rate of ER in the primary breast cancers was 64.3%, and in the relapse/metastatic lesions was 41.4% (P < 0.05). There were six patients whose positive ER status was changed to negative, among them the ER gene status was changed from demethylation to hypermethylation in four cases. Another four patients with negative ER status changed to positive, and their ER gene hypermethylation changed to ER demethylation status.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The discordance of ER expression status in primary and relapse/metastatic lesions of breast cancer might be related to DNA methylation status.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Breast Neoplasms, Male , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , DNA Methylation , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Liver Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Receptors, Estrogen , Genetics , Metabolism
20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 53-55, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452890

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of budesonide combined with ambroxol hydrochloride on the treatment of infant bronchopneumonia through oxygen atomizing inhalation .Methods One hundred and twenty -two cases of infant patients suf-fered with bronchopneumonia were randomly divided into two groups , control group (60 cases), the patients accept conventional treat-ment such as antibiotics, oxygen inhalation and anti-cough;treatment group (62 cases), patients were given budesonide combined with ambroxol hydrochloride through oxygen atomizing inhalation , beside conventional treatment .Main clinical signs and pulmonary symp-toms disappear time and treatment efficacy in two groups were observed and analyzed .Results The total effectiveness was obviously higher in treatment group(91.9%) than that of control group(81.7%) ( P <0.01).Wheezing disappearance time, wheezing sounds disappear time , crackles disappear time and cough disappear time in treatment group were significantly shorter than that in the control group ( P <0.01 ) .There were no adverse reactions on infant patients in both groups .Conclusions The effect of budesonide com-bined with ambroxol hydrochloride on the treatment of infant bronchopneumonia through oxygen atomizing inhalation was significant , and it is worthy of promotion in the clinic .

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL