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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 141-147, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012703

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the common syndrome elements of cerebral ischemic stroke (CIS) complicated with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), reveal the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes of the disease, clarify the syndrome differentiation and syndrome types, provide evidence for clinical syndrome differentiation, and provide reference for establishing the TCM syndrome type standards of CIS complicated with OSAHS. MethodThe clinical information form of CIS complicated with OSAHS formulated by the research group was used for syndrome survey, and the four-examination information of 300 patients with CIS complicated with OSAHS was collected. The four-examination information of patients was analyzed by latent structure method and comprehensive cluster analysis, and the common syndrome elements of CIS complicated with OSAHS were extracted by combining the TCM basic theory and clinical experience. On this basis, the characteristics of TCM syndromes and the syndrome types in line with reality were summarized. ResultThe top five syndrome elements in patients with CIS and OSAHS are sleep snoring, open mouth breathing, physical obesity, night awakening and dizziness. The top five tongue and pulse manifestations are enlarged tongue, slippery pulse, slippery coating, thick and white coating and purple tongue. The disease locations are the lung, spleen, stomach, kidney, liver and brain. The nature of disease includes deficiency, depression, blood stasis, phlegm, dampness and fire. The clinical syndrome types include the syndrome of stagnation of phlegm and dampness, syndrome of phlegm-dampness blocking the mind, syndrome of spleen deficiency with dampness, syndrome of Yin deficiency leading to fire hyperactivity, syndrome of Qi depression blocking collaterals, syndrome of liver depression and blood stasis, syndrome of Qi deficiency with dampness, and syndrome of Yang deficiency induced water retention. ConclusionIn addition to the common phlegm-, dampness- and blood stasis-related syndromes in patients with CIS and OSAHS, there are also depression- and deficiency-related syndromes. The main etiology and pathogenesis is the disturbance of Qi movement. In clinical practice, attention should be paid to the specific situation of individual patients to differentiate between deficiency and excess, and the treatment should be performed by the method of soothing and reinforcing, or unblocking and clearing, or both.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 36-39, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the staged treatment of keloid scars and to optimise treatment options.Methods:From June 2005 to June 2019, 629 keloid patients, 253 males and 376 females, aged 9 to 78 years, with a mean age of 31.3±16.8 years, were admitted to the Department of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery of Weifang People's Hospital. Three-stage comprehensive treatment was administered according to the stage of the disease from low to high, and the treatment effect was observed regularly, and the recurrence rate was counted.Results:In stage Ⅰ, 251 patients had local recurrence in 14 cases (5.5%) and 4 cases (1.6%) at 2 years 6 months after treatment, all of whom were cured after re-injection; in stage Ⅱ, 302 patients had local recurrence in 56 cases (18.6%) at 6 months after treatment, 49 patients (87.5%) were cured after re-treatment and 35 patients (11.6%) at 2 years; in stage Ⅲ, at 6 months after treatment, 36 patients (47.3%) had recurrence and 19 patients (25%) had recurrence at 2 years after re-treatment.Conclusions:The results and recurrence rate of keloids after comprehensive treatment are related to their severity, and a more satisfactory outcome can be achieved by staging the treatment according to the stage of the disease.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 252-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the significance of four-dimensional CT angiography(4D CTA) and CT perfusion (CTP) imaging in evaluating collateral circulation grades in patients with moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome and their relationship with cerebral hemodynamics.Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 32 patients with moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome in Beijing Hospital from January 2017 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent 4D CTA-CTP imaging. Collateral circulation was scored on CTA images by using Alberta stroke program early CT score system, and on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images by using American society of interventional and therapeutic neuroradiology/Society of interventional radiology score system, respectively. The patients were divided into Ⅰ-Ⅲ circulation compensation grades based on collateral circulation score. Regions of interest were delineated at basal ganglia on perfusion maps and the perfusion parameters were obtained including cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), mean transit time (MTT), mean transit time (TTP) and delay time (DLY). The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the perfusion parameters in different collateral circulation grades, and pairwise comparison was performed with Bonferroni correction. Kappa and Spearman tests were used to analyze the consistency and correlation of 4D CTA and DSA in the classification of collateral circulation.Results:4D CTA and DSA had a moderate consistency (Kappa=0.693, P<0.001) and a strong correlation ( r=0.805, P<0.001) in evaluating collateral grades. There were statistically significant differences in CBF, MTT and TTP among collateral compensation grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ ( H values were 7.91, 11.69, 8.93; P values were 0.019, 0.003 and 0.012, respectively). Further pairwise comparison showed that the CBF of collateral compensation grade Ⅰ was lower than that of grade Ⅲ ( P=0.015), MTT of grade Ⅱ was higher than that of grade Ⅲ ( P=0.005), and TTP of grade Ⅰ was higher than that of grade Ⅲ ( P=0.015). There was no statistical significance of other indicators in pairwise comparison. There were no significant differences in CBV and DLY among collateral compensation grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ ( P>0.05). Conclusions:4D CTA-CTP is equivalent to DSA in evaluating collateral circulation in patients with moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome. It can also evaluate the cerebral hemodynamics comprehensively, which has high clinical significance for disease monitoring.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 151-157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution characteristics of memory B cells and its relationship with bone erosion in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to further understand the mechanism of B cells in the pathogenesis of RA.Methods:B cell subsets in peripheral blood of 200 RA patients and 50 healthy individuals were detected by flow cytometry. According to the surface markers CD19, CD27 and lgD, B cells were divided into CD19 +CD27 +lgD - switched memory B cells, CD19 +CD27 +lgD + non-switched memory B cells, CD19 +CD27 -lgD - double-negative memory B cells and CD19 +CD27 -lgD + naive B cells. B cells in RA patients with various disease activity score, course of disease and treatment were analyzed. Patients were divided into four groups according to the results of joint ultrasonography, including patients without bone erosion, patients with hand bone erosion, patients with knee bone erosion and patients with hand and knee bone erosion. The relationship between the distribution of B cell subsets, autoantibodies and RA bone erosion were analyzed. Differences between the groups were analyzed by independent-samples t test, Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test. The analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis analysis were used for multi-group comparison, Spearman correlation analysis was also used for correlation analysis. Results:①RA patients showed significantly decreased non-switched memory B cells [(9.5±6.7)% vs (12.1±4.7)%, t=2.46, P=0.015] and increased double negative memory B cells [(3.8±2.5)% vs(2.7±1.3)%, t=-4.74, P<0.001] in comparison to healthy individuals. The percentage of non-switched memory B cells were decreased in RA patients with moderate disease activity [(8.4±4.7 )% vs (12.4±7.5)%, t=3.13, P=0.001] and high disease activity [(7.8±7.6)% vs (12.4±7.5)%, t=3.00, P=0.003] in comparison to those in RA patients who achieved remission. Meanwhile, the na?ve B cells [(70.3±15.0)% vs (63.9±14.6)%, t=-2.15, P=0.034] were increased in RA patients with moderate disease activity. No difference was found in RA patients with different disease courses. Total B cells [(4.8±2.9)% vs (7.2±4.1)%, t=-3.24, P=0.001], non-switched memory B cells (7.6±4.3)% vs (10.0±7.1)%, t=-2.63, P=0.010) in RA patients who received prednisone treatment were decreased, while double-negative memory B cells (4.9±3.0)% vs (3.6±2.3)%, t=-2.79, P=0.006] were increased compared with those in RA patients without prednisone treatment. Non-switched memory B cells was decreased in RA patients with hand and knee erosion compared with RA patients without erosion [6.8%(2.5%, 9.5%) vs 9.7%(5.5%, 17.5%), Z=-2.12, P=0.034]. Double negative memory B cells in subgroup with keen erosion [3.3%(2.7%, 5.0%) vs 2.6%(1.9%, 3.8%), Z=-2.09, P=0.036]as well as with hand and knee erosion [3.9%(2.3%, 5.6%) vs 2.6%(1.9%, 3.8%), Z=-2.41, P=0.016] were higher than those in patients without erosion. In addition, higher serum RF level was found in subgroup RA patients with hand and knee erosion compared with subgroup of RA patients without erosion [141.0 (38.0, 874.0) U/ml vs 53.5 (10.0, 106.0)U/ml, Z=-2.07, P=0.039]. Meanwhile, the positive rate of ACPA in RA patients with bone erosion of hand was significantly higher than that of RA patients without bone erosion [81%(52/64) vs 64%(38/59), χ2=4.44, P=0.043). Conclusions:The results suggest that the increase of double negative memory B cells, the decrease of non-switched memory B cells and higher level of autoantibodies may closely relate to bone erosion of RA, which may be one of the pathogenesis of disability in RA.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 515-521, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956549

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the reason for failed fixation with dynamic hip screws (DHS) and the indications for DHS fixation in the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture based on the lever-balance-reconstruction theory.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the data of 32 patients with intertrochanteric fracture who had been treated by DHS fixation at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Peking University People's Hospital from January 1999 to December 2019. There were 22 males and 10 females, aged from 34 to 91 years (average, 67.7 years). By the AO classification, 15 fractures were type 31-A1, 13 ones type 31-A2, and 4 ones type 31-A3. According to the lever-balance-reconstruction theory, after the position of postoperative fulcrum was determined depending on the relationship between fracture line and internal fixation, the medial and lateral force arms were measured after internal fixation. The 32 patients were divided into 2 groups according to the position of fulcrum after internal fixation. In group A of 13 patients, the fulcrum was located in or within the center of the medullary cavity; in group B of 19 patients, the fulcrum was located outside the center of the medullary cavity. The incidence of internal fixation failure was compared between the 2 groups.Results:Internal fixation failure occurred in 15 of the 32 patients: cutting out of the head and neck screws without penetration in 2 cases, screw withdrawal in 8 cases, hip varus deformity in 10 cases, and femoral neck shortening in 15 cases. The 2 groups were comparable because there were no statistically significant differences in their preoperative general data or types of internal fixation between them except AO classification ( P>0.05). The length of medial force arm (power arm) averaged 51.12 mm (from 39.4 to 57.9 mm) and the length of lateral force arm (resistance arm) 23.37 mm (from 15.1 to 31.0 mm) in group A where 3 patients experienced internal fixation failure after operation; the length of medial force arm (power arm) averaged 63.71 mm (from 52.3 to 74.5 mm) and the length of lateral force arm (resistance arm) 9.94 mm (from 3.1 to 18.3 mm) in group B where 12 patients experienced internal fixation failure after operation. There was a significant difference between the 2 groups in internal fixation failure ( P=0.036). Conclusions:In the DHS fixation of intertrochanteric fracture, the postoperative fixation failure is associated with the fulcrum position after reconstruction. DHS is only indicated for intertrochanteric fractures whose fracture line (post-reconstruction fulcrum) is near and inside the center of the medullary cavity, but not for those whose fracture line (post-reconstruction fulcrum) is outside the medullary cavity.

6.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 136-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the differentially expressed genes in chronic periodontitis (CP) and to explore the correlation with disease severity.Methods:Gene expression profile data associated with CP were screened in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and analyzed with GEO2R online software to create volcano maps. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEEG) and Gene Ontology (GO) analyses were performed on the screened CP-associated differentially expressed genes to predict their possible functions and signaling pathways. The protein-protein interaction database (STRING) was used to analyze the interaction relationships between the encoded proteins of the screened CP-related differentially expressed genes. Cytohubba software was used to identify key genes in the signaling pathway. One120 CP patients and 40 healthy controls were selected. The screened CP-related genes were validated by the real-time polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) method.Results:A total of 1 151 CP differentially expressed genes that met the requirements were screened. These genes were mainly enriched in the GO pathway for positive regulation of granulocyte differentiation, helper T-cell differentiation, leukocyte aggregation, regulation of acute inflammatory response, chemokine-mediated and endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response, as well as in the KEGG pathway for NFB pathway, chemokine pathway, cytokine receptor interaction, leukocyte transendothelial migration pathway, B-cell receptor pathway, Toll-like receptor pathway, etc. The protein-protein interaction network was constructed using the screened CP-related differentially expressed genes, which included 78 nodes and 496 links, with a mean aggregation coefficient and mean connectivity of 0.69 and 12.7, respectively. Cytohubba analysis showed that Sell was a key gene in the signaling pathway, and its relative expression levels in the gingival fluids of the three CP groups with different degrees(1.14±0.46, 0.86±0.41, 0.52±0.46) was significantly lower than that of the control group (1.50±0.65) (all P<0.05). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of subjects diagnosed with CP using Sell expression levels in gingival fluid was 0.79 (95% CI: 0.71 to 0.86). The AUC values were greater than 0.65 at 95% CI when Sell was used as a biological marker to evaluate the severity of CP. Conclusions:CP-related differentially expressed genes are mainly enriched in the number of pathways associated with the inflammatory response of periodontitis. The expression levels of Sell genes were significantly reduced in the gingival sulcus fluid of CP patients and correlated with the severity of the disease. The Sell genes are expected to be a biomarker for CP grading.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 180-183, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the screening values of immunocytochemical P16/Ki-67 double staining, P16 INK4α single staining and high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) testing for high-grade cervical lesions. Methods:The clinical data of 622 patients who underwent cervical thin-layer liquid-based cytology (TCT) and HR-HPV testing in General Hospital of Taiyuan Iron and Steel (Group) Co., Ltd. from March 2019 to July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The remaining cytological specimens were detected by P16/Ki-67 double staining and P16 INK4α single staining. Among them, 334 patients with TCT results suggesting atypical squamous cell of undetermined significance (ASCUS) and above and HPV-positive underwent colposcopy pathological biopsy. Using pathological results as reference, the positive predictive value, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of P16/Ki-67 double staining, P16 INK4α single staining and HR-HPV testing for screening of high-grade squamous intraepithelial neoplasia (HSIL) and cervical cancer were compared. Results:Taking the results of histopathology as references, combined with the results of TCT, 31 of 622 patients were HSIL, of which 22 (71.0%) were positive for P16/Ki-67 double staining, 23 (74.2%) were positive for P16 INK4α single staining, and 25 (80.6%) were positive for HR-HPV testing; 4 cases were cervical cancer, and the positive rates of the three detection methods were all 100.0% (4/4). Among 622 patients, the positive rates of P16/Ki-67 double staining, P16 INK4α single staining and HR-HPV testing for screening of HSIL and cervical cancer were 13.99% (87/622), 25.40% (158/622) and 21.38% (133/622); the positive predictive values were 29.89%, 17.09% and 21.08%; the accuracies were 91.19%, 78.94% and 83.28%; the specificities were 89.77%, 77.98% and 82.46%; the sensitivities were 74.29%, 77.14% and 82.86%. The positive rate, positive predictive value, specificity and accuracy of P16/Ki-67 double staining were higher than those of P16 INK4α single staining and HR-HPV testing, and the differences were statistically significant ( z values were -5.062 and -3.418, 2.328 and 2.450, 5.436 and 3.570, 6.043 and 4.161, all P < 0.05); the sensitivity of HR-HPV testing was higher than that of P16/Ki-67 double staining and P16 INK4α single staining, but the differences were not statistically significant ( z values were -0.890 and 1.017, both P > 0.05). Conclusions:HR-HPV testing is more suitable for primary cervical lesion screening; P16/Ki-67 double staining can be used as a potential combined cell screening tool or an effective triage tool; P16 INK4α single staining has certain limitations.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 175-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) on the status of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, and provide data for clarifying the relationship between autoimmunity and infection.Methods:SLE patients in the department of rheumatology and immunology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2016 to December 2019 were screened. A retrospective case-control study was carried out. SLE patients with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were gender and age matched with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in a 1∶4 ratio. Chi-square test was used to compared the positive rates of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and Paired-Samples t test or Signed rank Wilcoxon test was used to compare the HBV DNA load and HBsAg titer. Results:The positive rate of HBsAg in SLE patients was lower than the prevalence rate of HBsAg in general population in the second Chinese National Hepatitis Seroepidemiological Survey in 2006 [2.2%(27/1 227) vs 7.2%], but the positive rate of HBcAb was not obviously different from that in general population in China [33.9%(416/1 227) vs 34.1%]. Compared with matched CHB patients, the positive rate of HBeAg [37.0%(10/27) vs 58.3%(63/108), χ2=3.94, P=0.047], the HBV DNA load [0(0, 3.7) lg U/ml vs 4.8(2.2, 3.7) lg U/ml, Z=-5.37, P<0.001] and HBsAg titer [(2.0±1.5) lg U/ml vs (3.3±1.1) lg U/ml, t=-4.26, P<0.001] in SLE patients were lower. Conclusion:The HBV infection status of SLE patients is different from that of patients with chronic hepatitis B and the HBV infection is more likely to be controlled.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 155-158, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931512

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with tsutsugamushi disease in Zaozhuang City, Shandong Province, and to provide a basis for formulating effective diagnosis and treatment plan of tsutsugamushi disease. Methods:Retrospective analysis was carried out to collect clinical data of 38 patients with tsutsugamushi disease admitted to Zaozhuang Municipal Hospital of Shandong Province from 2018 to 2020. The epidemiological characteristics, clinical manifestations, laboratory examination results and drug treatment of patients with tsutsugamushi disease were analyzed. Results:Among the 38 patients with tsutsugamushi disease, 15 were males and 23 were females, aged (58.58 ± 14.47) years old; the occupation distribution was mainly farmers, accounting for 92.11% (35/38); the onset time was concentrated in October and November, accounting for 100.00% (38/38); the regional distribution was mainly in Yicheng District, accounting for 34.21% (13/38); 38 patients had a history of grassland/forest contact. All patients had fever, and other main symptoms were eschar (97.37%, 37/38), headache (68.42%, 26/38), fatigue (42.11%, 16/38), and whole body aches (36.84%, 14/38), etc. The results of laboratory examination mainly showed that C-reactive protein increased (89.47%, 34/38), procalcitonin increased (81.58%, 31/38), abnormal liver function (78.95%, 30/38), D-dimer increased (71.05%, 27/38), eosinophils decreased (60.53%, 23/38), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate increased (57.89%, 22/38). All 38 patients were cured after treated with doxycycline or azithromycin. Conclusions:The high incidence time of tsutsugamushi disease in Zaozhuang City is autumn. The clinical symptoms are mainly fever, eschar and headache. Doxycycline and azithromycin are the first choices for treatment of the disease.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 543-547, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influence of comprehensive rehabilitation on postoperative functions in the elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:From June 2015 to June 2019, 144 elderly patients were treated at Department of Orthopedics, China-Japan Friendship Hospital for femoral intertrochanteric fractures by internal fixation with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA). Of them, 65 received comprehensive rehabilitation, including intervention measures for details, prevention and management of comorbidities and complications and active exercise of the injured limb, while 79 conventional rehabilitation. In the comprehensive rehabilitation group, there were 22 males and 43 females with an age of (76.6±6.7) years, and 18 cases of type 31-A1, 35 cases of type 31-A2 and 12 cases of type 31-A3 by the AO type. In the control group, there were 23 males and 56 females with an age of (75.2±7.0) years, and 25 cases of type 31-A1, 39 cases of type 31-A2 and 15 cases of type 31-A3 by the AO type. The 2 groups were compared in terms of visual analog scale (VAS), Harris hip score, Barthel index, postoperative ambulation time and complications at 6 months after operation.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference between them in the preoperative or intraoperative general data ( P>0.05). The comprehensive rehabilitation group had a significantly lower VAS score (1.5±1.0), a significantly higher Harris hip score(83.9±5.4), a significantly higher Barthel index (81.6±5.4), significantly shorter postoperative ambulation time [(2.6±1.0) d], and a significantly lower incidence of complications [4.6% (3/65)] than the control group did [1.9±1.2, 80.2±7.9, 78.2±7.9, (3.2±1.4) d, 16.5%(13/79), respectively] (all P< 0.05). Conclusion:For elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture, comprehensive rehabilitation can significantly reduce complications, promote functional recovery of the hip, and speed up recovery of capabilities of daily living compared with conventional rehabilitation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 429-436, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of postoperative internal fixation failures of femoral intertrochanteric fractures and analyze the related reasons using the leverage-balance-reconstruction theory.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed for 40 patients suffering from implant failure after internal fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures admitted to Peking University People's Hospital from January 1999 to December 2019. There were 20 males and 20 females, aged from 43 to 92 years [(74.1±11.5)years]. The patients were assigned to extramedullary fixation (extramedullary fixation group, 17 patients) and intramedullary fixation (intramedullary fixation group, 23 patients). Complications associated with internal fixation were recorded, including internal fixation cutout, coxa vara deformity of hip joint, internal fixation withdrawal, femoral heck shortening and internal fixation breakage. Based on the lever-balance-reconstruction theory, the failure reasons of internal fixation were analyzed in combination with the change of arm length and outward shift of fulcrum measured before operation, after internal fixation and after fixation failure.Results:Among 40 patients, internal fixation cutout occurred in 18 patients, coxa vara deformity of hip joint in 37, internal fixation withdrawal in 29, femoral neck shortening in 37 and internal fixation breakage in 3. In extramedullary fixation group, the lengths of primary power arm and resistance arm were (8.0±1.0)mm and (59.4±10.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation were (72.7±21.7)mm and (8.9±7.4)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation failure were (50.3±14.9)mm and (33.6±17.6)mm. In intramedullary fixation group, the lengths of primary power arm and resistance arm were (6.7±0.6)mm and (49.8±9.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation were (51.5±7.0)mm and (19.8±5.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation failure were (41.6±9.6)mm and (32.4±7.7)mm. In each group, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after internal fixation showed significant differences from that of normal ones and from that after fixation failure ( P<0.05). The length of power arm in extramedullary fixation group was larger than that in intramedullary fixation group ( P<0.05). The shortening of power arm in extramedullary fixation group was larger than that in intramedullary fixation group after fixation failure ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The extramedullary and intramedullary fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures result in the displacement of reconstruction fulcrum. The shortening of power arm is observed after fixation failure. The leverage-balance-reconstruction theory is helpful to analyze the cause of complications. The power arm after extramedullary fixation is longer than that after intramedullary fixation and is therefore more prone to fixation failure. The primary cause of postoperative internal fixation complications is to achieve a new balance of leverage.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 225-230, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the frequency of myeloid dendritic cells (mDC) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) in peripheral blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and their relationship with renal injury.Methods:The frequency of peripheral mDC and pDC in 102 SLE patients and 10 healthy controls were detected by flow cytometry. The quantitative data were expressed by [ M( P25, P75)]. The measurement data of the two groups with non-normal distribution was analyzed by Mann Whitney U test. The correlation between the two groups was analyzed by Spearman rank correlation analysis and multiple linear regression. Results:The frequency of pDC [14.00%(7.92%, 19.65%) vs 24.55%(19.68%, 32.90%), Z=-3.163, P<0.01] and mDC [21.25%(13.28%, 32.83%) vs 34.85%(24.58%, 41.93%), Z=-2.607, P<0.01] in the peripheral blood of 102 patients with SLE were significantly lower than those of healthy controls. The frequency of pDC [9.09%(7.31%, 17.38%) vs 24.55%(19.68%, 32.90%), Z=-3.033, P=<0.01] and mDC [9.40%(7.88%, 21.60%) vs 34.85%(24.58%, 41.93%), Z=-3.231, P<0.01] in 12 patients with newly diagnosed SLE were also significantly lower than those in healthy controls. After adjustedfor confounding factors, multivariate analysis showed that SLEDAI level was the main factor influencing the frequency of pDC ( P=0.019) and mDC ( P<0.01). In addition, pDC[8.02%(2.25%, 9.97%) vs 16.70%(11.80%, 24.60%), Z=-2.490, P=0.015] and mDC[8.80%(5.99%, 12.80%) vs 20.20%(11.20%, 42.80%), Z=-2.226, P=0.029] in patients with active LN were also significantly lower than that of patients with stable LN. The mDC frequency was positively correlated with the levels of complement C3 ( r=0.455, P<0.01) and C4 ( r= 0.289, P, P<0.01). Conclusion:The frequency of mDC and pDC in SLE patients is significantly abnormal, which is closely related to disease activity. In addition, pDC and mDC may be involved in the occurrence and development of LN.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 134-137, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879539

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To perform prenatal diagnosis for a woman carrying a balanced translocation.@*METHODS@#Clinical phenotype of the woman and her first child was analyzed. Peripheral blood sample of the woman and amniotic fluid sample from two subsequent pregnancies were subjected to chromosomal karyotyping and copy number variation analysis through next-generation sequencing (NGS).@*RESULTS@#The karyotypes of the woman and her first child were determined as 46,XX,t(5;6)(p15:p23) and 46,XX,?der(5),t(5;6)(p15.32;p22.3), respectively. The karyotype of the amniocyte from her second pregnancy was 46,XN,t(5;6)(p15:p23). No pathogenic copy number variation was detected. The karyotype of her third pregnancy was 46,XN,?der(5),t(5;6)(p15.32;p22. 3), in addition with a 6.04 Mb deletion at 5p15.33p15.32 (20 000 - 6 060 000) and a 18.50 Mb duplication at 6p25.3p22.3 (160 000 - 18 660 000).@*CONCLUSION@#Combined karyotyping analysis and NGS has enabled detection of fetal copy number variations for a woman carrying a balanced chromosomal translocation.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , DNA Copy Number Variations , Fetus , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Karyotype , Karyotyping , Prenatal Diagnosis
14.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 93-98, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006777

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) detected subclinical synovitis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with different clinical remission criteria so as to explore the clinical characteristics of subclinical synovitis. 【Methods】 Forty-six consecutive patients with RA in clinical remission [disease activity score-28 (DAS28)≤2.6] underwent clinical and MSUS examinations at baseline and 1 year follow-up. Clinical remission was defined according to the DAS28 using the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) and C-reactive protein level (DAS28-CRP), clinical disease activity index (CDAI), simplified clinical disease activity index (SDAI), and American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism criteria Boolean (ACR/EULAR criteria). Subclinical synovitis was assessed by MSUS. Differences between the subclinical synovitis and non-subclinical synovitis groups were analyzed. 【Results】 The percentages of patients who achieved DAS28-ESR, DAS28-CRP, CDAI, SDAI, and ACR/EULAR remission at baseline and 1 year were 97.8%, 95.6%, 67.4%, 54.3%, 52.2% and 91.3%, 93.5%, 54.3%, 50.0%, and 45.6%, respectively. Subclinical synovitis was detected in 55.5%, 54.5%, 45.2%, 40.0%, 41.6% and 45.2%, 46.5%, 40.0%, 39.1%, and 38.1% of these patients, respectively. There were 45.6% and 41.3% patients who fulfilled all the criteria, yet 38.1% and 36.8% still had evidence of subclinical synovitis at baseline and 1 year. Compared with the patients without subclinical synovitis, those with subclinical synovitis had a significantly positive rate of anti-CCP antibody and a higher disease activity score at baseline (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 MSUS detected subclinical synovitis is common. The positive anti-CCP antibody and higher disease activity score at baseline may be related to subclinical synovitis in patients with RA in clinical remission.

15.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 585-591, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006694

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To detect autoantibodies in Chinese systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and analyze the relationship between clinical phenotype and autoantibodies in SSc. 【Methods】 We sequentially included 93 SSc patients. Their general information and clinical data were gathered. The differences in clinical characteristics among autoantibody negative and positive groups were analyzed statistically. 【Results】 Anti-nuclear antibodies were detected in 82 (88.2%) SSc patients. The positive rate of autoantibodies was detected in 26 cases (28.0%) of anti-Scl-70 antibody, 24 cases (25.8%) of anti-SSA/Ro-52 antibody, 19 cases (20.4%) of anti-U1-snRNP antibody, and 16 cases (17.2%) in anti-CENP-B antibody, respectively. The patients with positive anti-SSA/Ro-52 antibody had a significantly higher morbidity rate of pulmonary arterial hypertension (P=0.016). Patients with anti-Scl-70 antibody showed a higher incidence rate of digital tip ulcers or gangrene (P=0.004) and cardiac damage (P=0.014). The patients with anti-U1-snRNP antibody had a higher prevalence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (P=0.047) and Raynaud’s phenomenon (P=0.019), and showed an increased trend in the occurrence of interstitial lung disease (P=0.058). Those with anti-CENP-B antibody had a lower IgG level (P=0.049) and higher ALP (P=0.010) and γ-GT (P=0.003). The incidence of autoimmune liver disease was increased in anti-CENP-B positive patients (P=0.001). 【Conclusion】 Different autoantibodies in SSc are associated with clinical phenotype, and may contribute to the diagnosis, evaluation, and prognostic judgment of the disease.

16.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 580-584, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006693

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To conduct a retrospective study of the population characteristics, efficacy and influencing factors of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who received iguratimod (IGU) treatment for at least 6 months from July 2015 to October 2020 and had more than 3 follow-up records. 【Methods】 In this study, 105 patients with RA were enrolled, and all the patients received IGU treatment for at least 6 months and were followed up three times. We observed their clinical manifestations before and after treatment, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), disease activity index (DAS28), rheumatoid factor (RF), anticyclic citrullinated peptide (ACPA), immunoglobulins (IgG, IgA, and IgM), lymphocyte subsets, and observed and recorded adverse reactions. 【Results】 The course of disease and the positive rate of ACPA were significantly lower in IGU group than in the group of IGU combined with (MTX) treatment (P<0.05). The DAS28-ESR of the patients in IGU group was significantly lower than that in the IGU+MTX treatment group and IGU+leflunomide (LEF) treatment group (P<0.05). After 6 months of continuous treatment, visual analogue scale/score (VAS), CRP and DAS28 (ESR/CRP) in IGU group were significantly reduced. As the treatment time was extended to one year, the above indicators further improved, and the number of joint swelling (SW) and the number of joint tenderness (TEN) also significantly improved. After one year’s continuous treatment, the incidence of adverse reactions in IGU group was 32.3%(10/31). 【Conclusion】 For RA patients with early onset, short-course, and antibody-negative, IGU is an effective therapeutic drug and a treatment option for RA patients with interstitial lung disease. IGU is well tolerated and is also an effective and a safe combination therapy option.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1795-1802, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the biomechanical properties of traditional surface hip prosthesis and bionic surface hip prosthesis.Methods:The Sawbone digital model (#3908, Left, Medium) was selected as the research object. Mimics 21.0 software was used to reconstruct the physical model of femur. Solidworks 16.0 software was used to build the model of prostheses, including the traditional and bionic (type 1-4) protheses and their assembly. The distances from the screw cross position to the top of pressure screw of type 1 to type 4 protheses were 20.22 mm, 30.12 mm, 32.17 mm and 37.76 mm, respectively. The mechanical distribution characteristics of the whole model were measured and the stress distribution cloud map was obtained.Results:The peak stresses at bone-stem junction of traditional prosthesis and type 1-4 hip prostheses were 32.18 MPa, 13.80 MPa, 15.01 MPa, 23.46 MPa and 34.51 MPa, respectively. With the fulcrums away from the top of the femur, the peak stresses at the fulcrums of type 1-4 hip protheses were 37.98 MPa, 48.60 MPa, 54.80 MPa, and 53.87 MPa, respectively. The maximum stress above femoral neck of traditional prosthesis and type 1-4 hip prostheses were 8.00 MPa, 7.80 MPa, 7.04 MPa, 7.03 MPa and 7.51 MPa, respectively. The maximum stresses under femoral neck was 15.38 MPa, 14.20 MPa, 11.11 MPa, 13.10 MPa and 12.18 MPa, respectively. The maximum stresses in the greater trochanter region of femur were 13.08 MPa, 11.61 MPa, 13.09 MPa, 11.02 MPa and 39.51 MPa, respectively.Conclusion:Compared with the traditional surface hip prosthesis, the type I bionic surface hip prosthesis is designed based on the lever balance reconstruction theory. With the bionic reconstruction of the tension trabeculae and compression trabeculae through reasonable screw placement angles and the inward movement of the fulcrum closer to the center of the femoral head, the new type prothesis make up for the design defects of the traditional surface hip prosthesis, optimize the stress distribution in the proximal femur, and improve the stability of the prosthesis after replacement, which help reduce the risk of femoral neck fracture and prosthesis loosening, and extend the service life of the prosthesis.

18.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 892-896, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011642

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) combined with symptomatic knee osteonecrosis (KON). 【Methods】 We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 26 cases of SLE with KON treated in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, from April 2013 to December 2019. 【Results】 The age of the 26 patients (2 males and 24 females) was (35.3±9.0) years old at the diagnosis of KON, and the course of SLE was (48.7±35.1) months. The time from glucocorticoids initiation to the development of KON was (37.8±42.7) months, the maximum dosage of methylprednisolone was (197.7±290.7)mg and the cumulative dosage was (6.02±6.66)g. Six of the patients had a history of large-dose glucocorticoids impulse therapy. All of them had a history of immunosuppressant treatment. SLEDAI score was (11.23±5.46) at the onset of SLE and (4.46±4.81) at the onset of KON. The most common initial symptoms were edema and arthritis. The most common systemic damages were blood system damage and lupus nephritis. The most common immunological abnormalities were positive antinuclear antibody (25/26), positive anti-SSA/Ro52kD antibody (16/26), and positive anti-SmD1 antibody (15/26). There were 4 patients with positive anticardiolipin antibody (ACA). Bone metabolism was characterized by vitamin D3 (Vit-D3) deficiency, insufficient N-terminal osteocalcin (N-OST), and increased β-C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (β-CTx). In 9 out of the 26 patients, SLE was combined with aseptic necrosis of the femoral head. Multifocal bone necrosis (at least 3 lesions) was common (12/26). Longer disease course and glucocorticoids using time, larger cumulative dose and ACA positive were seen in patients with multifocal bone necrosis compared with those who had one lesion site. 【Conclusion】 KON most possibly occurs 3 to 4 years after the diagnosis of SLE, which is associated with high disease activity, large hormone dose, and long duration in the treatment process. Multifocal bone necrosis is easily seen in patients with severe disease, large initial hormone dose and high cumulative dose, as well as in ACA positive patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 122-126, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870634

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of intranasal dexmedetomidine and oral chloral hydrate in deep sedation of children.Methods:The Pubmed, EMBase, CENTRAL (Issue 4, 2018), Web of science, CBM, Wanfang Data, CNKI and VIP databases from the inception to January 2019 were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with dexmedetomidine and chloral hydrate as interventions were included and the data were analyzed by RevMam 5.3 and Stata 12.0 software. The success rate of deep sedation, the indicator of sedation onset time, the recovery time, the incidence of vomiting and bradycardia were compared.Results:A total of 7 RCTs involving 1 007 patients were included for analysis. The results showed that the success rate of deep sedation ( OR=2.55, 95 %CI:1.46-4.44, P<0.01) and the incidence of bradycardia ( OR=4.42, 95 %CI:1.82-10.74, P<0.01) in the dexmedetomidine nasal group were significantly higher than those in the chloral hydrate oral group. The recovery time was significantly shorter ( MD=-16.41, 95 %CI:-21.54-11.28, P<0.01) and the incidence rate of vomiting ( OR=0.04, 95 %CI:0.01-0.17, P<0.01) in dexmedetomidine nasal group was significantly lower than those in the chloral hydrate oral group. There was no significant difference in the indicator of sedation onset time ( MD=-0.47, 95 %CI:-2.71-1.22, P=0.46). Conclusion:Compared with the traditional oral chloral hydrate, intranasal dexmedetomidine has a higher sedation success rate and shorter recovery time after sedation with a lower incidence of nausea and vomiting.

20.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 741-746, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867128

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differential expression of cyclooxygenase (COX) gene between familial aggregated atherosclerotic large-artery atherosclerosis(LAA) cerebral infarction patients and sporadic LAA cerebral infarction patients.Methods:Twenty-five patients with familial aggregation LAA cerebral infarction (familial aggregation LAA group) and 25 sporadic LAA cerebral infarction patients (sporadic LAA group) were collected.Another 25 patients with non-cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases were selected as control group.Real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA were used to detect COX-1 and COX-2 protein in the supernatant of samples.Results:The expression level of COX-1 gene was 0.5436±0.2737, 0.2400±0.1656 and 0.8340±0.3799 in the familial aggregation, sporadic LAA cerebral infarction and control groups.Compared with control group, COX-1 gene expression in sporadic LAA cerebral infarction group and familial aggregation LAA cerebral infarction group was significantly down-regulated, the differences were significant( P<0.05). The expression level of COX-2 gene was 1.3672±0.8249, 1.3932±0.7158 and 0.7212±0.9623 in the familial aggregation, sporadic LAA cerebral infarction and control groups.Compared with the normal control group, the expression of COX-2 gene in familial aggregation LAA cerebral infarction group and sporadic LAA cerebral infarction group increased significantly( P<0.05). The expression of COX-1 protein was 2.9956±0.5672, 2.5572±1.0289 and 2.6721±0.7944 in the familial aggregation, sporadic cerebral infarction and control groups.The expression of COX-2 protein was 16.63±4.06, 16.86±7.93 and 15.94±5.94 in the familial aggregation, sporadic cerebral infarction and control groups.There was no significant difference in the relative expression of COX-1 and COX-2 proteins among familial aggregation LAA cerebral infarction group, sporadic LAA cerebral infarction group and control group(all P>0.05). Conclusion:There is significant difference in COX-1 gene expression between patients with familial LAA and sporadic LAA cerebral infarction.

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