Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 67
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 176-179, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931517

ABSTRACT

During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, remarkable progress has been made in prevention and control of endemic diseases in China through implementation of the national plan for prevention and control of endemic diseases and the special three-year action plan for prevention and control of endemic diseases. This paper reviewed the achievements made in prevention and control of endemic diseases in China during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, discussed the current problems we are facing on prevention and control of endemic diseases. The key tasks of prevention and control of endemic diseases during the 14th Five-Year Plan period are indicated in order to carry out scientific and accurate prevention and control of endemic diseases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931499

ABSTRACT

In the past two decades, the prevention and control of endemic fluorosis in China has achieved remarkable results. In addition to brick-tea type of endemic fluorosis, drinking-water-type of endemic fluorosis and coal burning type of endemic fluorosis have been effectively controlled, and some areas have reached the elimination level. At present, the prevention and control of endemic fluorosis has changed from how to implement prevention and control measures to how to correct health damage, but three main problems must be solved. First, the characteristics and extent of multiple organ system damage caused by fluoride exposure need to be clarified. Second, the pathogenesis of fluorosis is still unclear. Third, the effective intervention methods of fluorosis are still limited. These problems cannot be fundamentally solved only by laboratory work, and there is an urgent need to provide more epidemiological evidence.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 540-544, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924098

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between sleep duration and social anxiety in Chinese children and adolescents to provide evidence for promoting healthy lifestyle and mental health in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 1 145 children and adolescents aged 7-16 were recruited by cluster random sampling in Beijing in 2020, and received a series of body measurements and questionnaire survey. Social Anxiety Scale for Children (SASC) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used to evaluate the social anxiety symptoms and sleep duration of children and adolescents. T test was used to compare the differences of social anxiety level in different groups, and multivariate linear regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between sleep duration and social anxiety.@*Results@#The average score of social anxiety was (5.47±4.18). The social anxiety score of girls, participants aged 13-16, with insufficient physical activity and insufficient sleep duration were higher ( t =-4.34, -6.14, 3.35, 2.93, P < 0.05). The results of multivariate linear regression model showed that after adjusting confounding factors, social anxiety decreased by 0.78 for each additional hour of sleep duration ( β =-0.78, 95% CI =-1.03--0.54, P <0.01), with 0.60 in boys (95% CI = -0.95 --0.25), 0.90 in girls (95% CI =-1.24--0.56), 0.75 among participants aged 7-12 (95% CI =-1.11--0.40) and 0.76 among participants aged 13~16 (95% CI =-1.11--0.41)( P <0.01), respectively. Social anxiety among participants who were not over weight or obese decreased by 0.78(95% CI =-1.09--0.48) and 0.81 among overweight and obese group (95% CI =-1.22- -0.41 )( P <0.01) for each additional hour of sleep duration, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Substantial differences in social anxiety are observed in children and adolescents by gender, age group and nutritional status. Sufficient sleep duration is significantly related to the decrease of social anxiety, and improve the overall level of student mental health.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 540-544, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924097

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between sleep duration and social anxiety in Chinese children and adolescents to provide evidence for promoting healthy lifestyle and mental health in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 1 145 children and adolescents aged 7-16 were recruited by cluster random sampling in Beijing in 2020, and received a series of body measurements and questionnaire survey. Social Anxiety Scale for Children (SASC) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used to evaluate the social anxiety symptoms and sleep duration of children and adolescents. T test was used to compare the differences of social anxiety level in different groups, and multivariate linear regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between sleep duration and social anxiety.@*Results@#The average score of social anxiety was (5.47±4.18). The social anxiety score of girls, participants aged 13-16, with insufficient physical activity and insufficient sleep duration were higher ( t =-4.34, -6.14, 3.35, 2.93, P < 0.05). The results of multivariate linear regression model showed that after adjusting confounding factors, social anxiety decreased by 0.78 for each additional hour of sleep duration ( β =-0.78, 95% CI =-1.03--0.54, P <0.01), with 0.60 in boys (95% CI = -0.95 --0.25), 0.90 in girls (95% CI =-1.24--0.56), 0.75 among participants aged 7-12 (95% CI =-1.11--0.40) and 0.76 among participants aged 13~16 (95% CI =-1.11--0.41)( P <0.01), respectively. Social anxiety among participants who were not over weight or obese decreased by 0.78(95% CI =-1.09--0.48) and 0.81 among overweight and obese group (95% CI =-1.22- -0.41 )( P <0.01) for each additional hour of sleep duration, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Substantial differences in social anxiety are observed in children and adolescents by gender, age group and nutritional status. Sufficient sleep duration is significantly related to the decrease of social anxiety, and improve the overall level of student mental health.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 953-956, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of fluoride exposure on the gene expression of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (PI3K/Akt/eNOS) in rat aortic tissue, and to provide a theoretical basis for studying the mechanism of cardiovascular injury caused by endemic fluorosis.Methods:A total of 40 male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (10 rats in each group) via the random number table method according to body weight (80 - 100 g), namely control group (drinking distilled water), low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups [drinking distilled water containing 50, 100 and 150 mg/L sodium fluoride (NaF), respectively]. The rats were free to drink and eat. After feeding for 90 days, rats were sacrificed and the aortic tissue was taken. Three aortic tissue samples from the control group and the high-dose group were taken for mRNA sequencing, the differential genes were screened, and the differential genes were analyzed by GO function enrichment analysis and KEGG function enrichment analysis. At the same time, the mRNA expression levels of PI3K, Akt and eNOS in the aortic tissue of rats in each group were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR.Results:Compared with control group, there were 756 differential genes in high-dose group, including 654 up-regulated genes and 102 down-regulated genes. These differential genes were mainly related to biological processes such as muscle contraction, muscle regulation, muscle tissue development, striated muscle cell development, muscle cell differentiation, blood circulation regulation and striated muscle tissue development. They were mainly enriched in cyclic guanosine phosphate (cGMP-PKG) signaling pathway, relaxin signaling pathway and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, etc. Compared with control group, the mRNA expression levels of PI3K and eNOS in aortic tissue of rats in low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups were significantly reduced ( P < 0.05); the mRNA expression level of Akt in low-dose group was significantly increased ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:Fluoride exposure has certain effects on the function and gene expression of rat aortic tissue, and PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling pathway may play an important role in the process of fluoride induced aortic tissue injury in rats.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 489-492, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876346

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the cumulative effect of preadolescent lifestyles on the prevalence and incidence of elevated blood pressure (EBP) in children, and to provide evidence for early hypertensive intervention.@*Methods@#In 2017, a cohort study on pubertal development was conducted in Xiamen, Fujian Province. Participants underwent a physical examination and questionnaire survey. Between 2017 and 2019, this study carried out a 2-year follow-up of 1 316 students whose complete data were obtained. Preadolescent lifestyles were assessed by referring to baseline survey results obtained in 2017, and the prevalence and incidence of EBP were determined according to blood pressure levels that were determined in 2019. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influence of healthy lifestyles on the prevalence and incidence of EBP after adjusted for confounding factors.@*Results@#The prevalence of EBP in 2017 and 2019 was 25.0% and 23.3%, respectively, and its incidence was 18.9% after the 2-year follow-up. Children with a healthy lifestyle had a lower prevalence and incidence of EBP. The regression analysis showed that children who have more healthy lifestyle factors were at a lower risk of EBP (P<0.05). Compared with students with 0-2 healthy lifestyle factors, the OR value of EBP prevalence was 0.52 (95% CI=0.30-0.90) and the RR value of EBP incidence was 0.60(95%CI=0.29-1.22) in children with 4-5 healthy lifestyle factors. Among them, children who were overweight or obese were at a significantly lower risk of EBP prevalence (OR=0.29, 95%CI=0.10-0.81).@*Conclusion@#Preadolescent lifestyles seemed to have a cumulative effect on the occurrence of EBP. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle had a positive effect on reducing the risk of EBP, particularly in overweight and obese children, and this was due to their adoption of a comprehensive healthy lifestyle.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 861-865, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909113

ABSTRACT

Based on the general goal of the medium and long term development of basic science from 2021 to 2035 and the "14th Five-Year Plan" in China, combined with the national strategic needs, this paper discusses the five priority development areas of endemiology according to the development trends and characteristics of endemiology in the next 5 - 15 years. The five areas are study on the pathogenesis and prevention measures of endemic fluorosis; study on risk assessment, pathogenic mechanism and control strategy of environmental arsenic exposure; research on the basis and application transformation of the pathogenesis of iodine nutrition-related diseases; molecular mechanism and targeted intervention of cartilage injury in Kashin-Beck disease; precise prevention and treatment, preservation of biological samples and etiology study of Keshan disease. Combined with the scientific significance and national strategic needs of various field, the authors analyze its main study directions and core scientific issues.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 775-780, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909096

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the serum different metabolites in population of dietary intervention with high iodine.Methods:Thirty-eight healthy volunteers were recruited in Harbin Medical University, all women, aged > 20 years. Dietary intervention was carried out by eating iodine-rich food (kelp) for 11 consecutive days. The effect of intervention was evaluated through urinary iodine test. Peripheral blood was collected, the metabolic alterations associated with high iodine intake before and after intervention were investigated using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF MSMS). Multivariate statistical analysis was used to screen potential biomarkers. And disturbed metabolic pathway analysis was performed.Results:The medians urinary iodine before and after intervention were 129.48 and 795.94 μg/L, respectively. A total of 20 serum biomarkers were screened and their chemical structures were identified. Glycerol phospholipid metabolic pathway, tryptophan metabolic pathway and pentose and glucuronate interconversions pathway were closely related with high iodine intake (impact value > 0.1).Conclusions:After the intervention of high iodine diet, there are obvious differential metabolites in peripheral blood, which may be used as biomarkers for evaluation of population iodine nutrition. High iodine intake has an impact on metabolic pathway of glycerol phospholipid in human body.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 517-523, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909044

ABSTRACT

According to the general goal of long term development of basic science from 2021 to 2035 and the "14th Five-Year Plan" in China, starting from the reasearch characteristics and the basic situation of endemiology, this study discusses the strategic position, development law, development trend, development status and layout, development goals and realization ways of endemiology, combined with the strategic needs of the discipline, the important interdisciplinary research areas of endemiology are put forward. The purpose of this study is to promote the rapid development of basic research on endemic diseases, to provide reference for the scientific and technological layout and policy formulation of the endemiology, to provide reference for the "14th Five-Year Plan" in China, and to provide guarantee for the people in the sick area to seek health.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1703-1707, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906569

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the trend of percentile changes in body composition among children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 by gender and age, and to provide a scientific basis for reference value.@*Methods@#A stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 1 585 children and adolescents from September to December 2020. Use the GAMLSS to estimate the P 25 , P 50 and P 75 percentile value of gender, age specific body fat percentage (BF%), fat mass index (FMI) and fat free mass (FFM).@*Results@#In different age groups, body fat percentage of boys with normal nutritional status peaked at around 10-year old, among them, body fat percentage of 10-year old P 25 , P 50 and P 75 were 22.2%, 26.1% and 30.1%, respectively. Body fat percentage of obese boys was at a high level. Among girls, body fat percentage under different nutritional status did not change. With the increase of age, fat mass index plateaued slightly in normal and overweight boys. However, in obese boys, with the increase of age, FMI gradually increased with the increase of percentile, while the value of FMI gradually decreased in girls. Whether in boys or girls, with the increase of age, fat free mass index shows an increasing trend, and boys increase faster.@*Conclusion@#Under different nutritional status, there are differences in the percentile value of body fat percentage, fat mass index and fat free mass by gender and age, which can provide a scientific basis for reference value of body composition in children and adolescents.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 268-272, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883707

ABSTRACT

Objective:Through determination of urinary arsenic metabolites in high water arsenic exposed areas of Jilin and Shanxi provinces, to explore the mode and possible influencing factors of arsenic metabolism in different populations.Methods:From October 2018 to August 2019, a cluster sampling was carried out in villages (arsenic in drinking water ≥0.05 mg/L) of some townships (towns) in Lyuliang City, Shanxi Province and Baicheng City, Jilin Province for epidemiological investigation and general health examination. The residents over 35 years old drinking water from local centralized water supply and small well water sources were selected as arsenic exposure group, and people (nearby low-arsenic water source areas) with the same diet and living habits and similar economic conditions were selected as control group. Urine samples were collected. Liquid chromatography-atomic fluorescence spectrometry(LC-AFS) technology was used to separate and detect 4 species of arsenic compounds, including trivalent inorganic arsenic (iAs Ⅲ), pentavalent inorganic arsenic (iAs Ⅴ), methylated arsine (MMA), and dimethylated arsine (DMA). Total arsenic (tAs), inorganic arsenic percentage (iAs%), MMA percentage (MMA%), DMA percentage (DMA%), primary methylation index (PMI) and the secondary methylation index (SMI) were calculated. The influencing factors of arsenic metabolism were analyzed by multiple linear regression. Results:A total of 1 415 villagers were investigated, including 1 256 in arsenic exposure group and 159 in control group. Compared with the control group, there were no significant differences in age, gender ratio and occupation distribution between arsenic exposure group and control group ( P > 0.05), but there were significant differences in smoking, drinking, body mass index (BMI) and education level distribution ( P < 0.05). The median of urinary tAs, iAs%, MMA%, DMA%, PMI and SMI in control group and arsenic exposure group were 12.86 μg/L, 15.03, 5.23, 76.35, 84.97, 93.68 and 69.68 μg/L, 10.24, 8.37, 79.31, 89.76, 90.65, respectively, the levels of urinary tAs, DMA% and PMI in arsenic exposed group were higher than those in control group, while iAs% and SMI were lower than those in control group, the differences were statistically significant ( U=- 13.87, - 4.30, - 6.64, - 6.64, - 1.99, P < 0.05). After analysis of the factors influencing urinary arsenic metabolism in the population, we found that age and BMI had an impact on iAs% ( β=- 0.08, - 0.08, P < 0.05); gender, drinking, BMI and education level were influencing factors of MMA% ( β =- 0.11, - 0.09, - 0.07, 0.08, P < 0.05); DMA% was mainly affected by age, gender, BMI and education level ( β = 0.06, 0.09, 0.10, - 0.09, P < 0.05); PMI was mainly affected by age and BMI ( β = 0.08, 0.08, P < 0.05); while SMI was affected by gender, drinking, BMI and education level ( β=0.09, 0.08, 0.08, - 0.09, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The urinary arsenic metabolism models of different arsenic exposed groups are different. Age, gender, smoking, drinking, BMI and education level may be influencing factors of different arsenic metabolism models.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883670

ABSTRACT

Funding of research projects within the category of Endemiology (H2401) funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) from 2010-2019 was summarized in this paper. Granted projects were categorized and analyzed based on the funding type, support institute and disease classification. The characteristics and trends of granted projects supported by NSFC were analyzed and summarized in order to provide reference for researchers to apply for projects in the future.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883658

ABSTRACT

This paper systematically introduces the progress and main practices of the three-year campaign for prevention and treatment of endemic diseases, discusses the effectiveness of prevention and treatment of endemic diseases in improving the health level of people in endemic areas and getting rid of poverty, heading for a well-off life in an all-round way, and demonstrates the experience of prevention and treatment of endemic diseases in China and its far-reaching influence on the process of consolidating the achievements of poverty alleviation and realizing the strategy of rural revitalization.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the quality control assessment results of arsenic testing laboratories of national endemic disease prevention and control institutions from 2006 to 2020, so as to further strengthen the quality control of arsenic determination in laboratories of national endemic disease prevention and control institutions, and to ensure the accuracy and reliability of national endemic arsenic poisoning monitoring data.Methods:The water arsenic and urinary arsenic test results of arsenic quality control laboratories from 2006 to 2020 were collected and evaluated by Z-ratio scoring method(│Z│≤2 was qualified, 2 < │Z│ < 3 was basically qualified, │Z│≥3 was unqualified), and the qualification rates of water arsenic and urinary arsenic in different years and different provinces were calculated.Results:From 2006 to 2020, the number of laboratories participating in water arsenic quality control in 14 provinces has increased from 25 to 167, and the number of laboratories participating in urinary arsenic quality control increased from 22 to 90. The standard deviation of laboratory assessment samples was relatively stable, all < 0.05 mg/L. The quality control assessment results from 2006 to 2020 were calculated according to │Z│ < 3, the qualified rate of water arsenic ranged from 64.0% to 100.0%, and that in urine was 54.5% to 100.0%. The quality control assessment results from 2009 to 2020 were calculated according to │Z│≤2, the qualified rate of water arsenic was 84.6% - 100.0%, and that in urine was 83.6% - 100.0%. Among the 13 water arsenic assessment results from 2009 to 2020, according to │Z│≤2, provincial laboratories reported all qualified years for 8 times, prefecture, city and county-level laboratories reported all qualified years for 2 times; there were 8 provinces with all qualified laboratories at province level and 3 provinces with all qualified laboratories at prefecture, city and county-level. Among the 13 assessment results of urinary arsenic from 2009 to 2020, according to │Z│≤2, the provincial laboratories reported all qualified years for 6 times, and the prefecture, city and county-level laboratories all qualified for 1 times; there were 6 provinces in which all provincial laboratories were qualified, and there were 6 provinces in which all prefecture, city and county-level laboratories were qualified.Conclusions:The quality control work of laboratories is improving day by day, but there are still some problems in individual links. Laboratories at all levels should continue to strengthen the construction of laboratories and the training of relevant personnel, further improve the theoretical and technical level of inspectors, and continuously improve the detection quality, to make the analysis data more reliable and comparable, so as to ensure the quality of arsenic poisoning prevention and monitoring work.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the arsenic trioxide (As 2O 3)-induced apoptosis of human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y cells) and the protection mechanisms of folic acid (FA) and vitamin B 12 (VB 12). Methods:SH-SY5Y cells were cultured in vitro and divided into six groups by group design: control group (normal cultured), arsenic exposed group (10.00 μmol/L As 2O 3), FA intervention group (0.30 mmol/L FA + 10.00 μmol/L As 2O 3), VB 12 intervention group (0.06 mmol/L VB 12 + 10.00 μmol/L As 2O 3), combined intervention group (0.30 mmol/L FA + 0.06 mmol/L VB 12 + 10.00 μmol/L As 2O 3) and reagent control group (0.30 mmol/L FA + 0.06 mmol/L VB 12). Cells in each group were cultured for 24 h ( n = 3). Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptosis rate of cells in each group. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the ultrastructural changes of the cells. The expression levels of mRNA and protein of apoptosis-related indicator B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X (Bax) were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The activity of cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (Caspase) 3 was detected by luminescent assay. The above indicators were statistically analyzed. Results:There was statistically significant difference in the apoptosis rate among different groups ( F = 213.036, P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate in arsenic exposed group [(44.43 ± 3.54)%] was higher than that in control, FA intervention, VB 12 intervention, and combined intervention groups [(1.80 ± 0.06)%, (14.37 ± 0.13)%, (19.10 ± 1.56)%, (17.11 ± 2.34)%, P < 0.05]. Under transmission electron microscope, the apoptotic bodies, mitochondria swelling and degeneration, chromatin agglutination were observed in SH-SY5Y cells exposed to arsenic. The morphological and organelle changes of SH-SY5Y cells were significantly improved after respective and combined intervention of FA and VB 12. The expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax mRNA and protein were significantly different among different groups ( F = 5.178, 7.169, 6.142, 9.194, P < 0.05). The expression level of Bcl-2 protein in arsenic exposed group was lower than that in control group ( P < 0.05), and the expression levels of Bax mRNA and protein were higher than those in control group ( P < 0.05). The expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein in FA intervention group and combined intervention group were higher than those in arsenic exposed group ( P < 0.05), and Bcl-2 mRNA expression level in VB 12 intervention group was higher than that in arsenic exposed group ( P < 0.05). The expression levels of Bax mRNA and protein in FA intervention, VB 12 intervention and combined intervention groups were lower than those in arsenic exposed group ( P < 0.05). There were statistically significant differences in Caspase 3 activity among different groups ( F = 84.604, P < 0.05). Caspase 3 activity in arsenic exposed group was significantly higher than those in control, FA intervention, VB 12 intervention, and combined intervention groups ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:Arsenic exposure can lead to apoptosis and ultrastructural changes of SH-SY5Y cells. FA and VB 12 may effectively inhibit apoptosis through regulating Bcl-2/Bax pathway and decrease Caspase 3 activity, thus playing a protective role on nerve cells.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1820-1823, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862206

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between one-child and low height level classification among children and adolescents, and the effects of fruits, vegetables and physical activities on this association, and to provide as cientific reference for probing into and improving the differences of their height level between one child and child with siblings.@*Methods@#Using stratified cluster sampling method, 93 primary and secondary schools in 7 provinces and cities in China were selected for physical examination and questionnaire surveys. A total of 40 978 primary and middle school students aged 7-17 were selected. A multilevel Logistic regression model was used to analyze.@*Results@#Univariate analysis found that being one-child was less likely to be classified as low height level(OR=0.63, 95%CI=0.58-0.67); the multilevel model also found that the probability that one-child being at low height level was still lower(OR=0.78, 95%CI=0.73-0.85), and daily vigorous-intensity physical activities ≥1 h (OR=0.92, 95%CI=0.85-0.99) and daily vegetables and fruits intake ≥5 servings (OR=0.83, 95%CI=0.75-0.92) could also reduce the probability of being at low height level. Hierarchical analysis found that when vegetables and fruits intake and physical activities time were sufficient, there was no longer a significant difference in the height level classification between one-child and child with siblings(P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Being one-child could be a protective factor for the height level classification of children and adolescents. Adequate intake of vegetables and fruits and time of vigorous-intensity physical activities could fill the gap of height level classification between of being one-child and child with siblings. Effective behavioral intervention measures should be taken to protect the healthy growth of height among children and adolescences.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 838-841, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for preparing urine arsenic quality control samples and verify its uniformity and stability.Methods:Urine samples of healthy adults were collected, concentrated and then freeze-dried using a freeze dryer. The freeze-dried samples were subjected to atomic fluorescence spectrophotometry to determine the arsenic content. The method was verified from the uniformity, stability, determination of different detection methods, and the fixed value of urine arsenic content.Results:The linear correlation coefficient of the standard curve of the method was 0.999 7. The variation coefficients of arsenic content after freeze-dried of urine samples were all < 5%. The uniformity test results showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the arsenic content between bottles of low and high concentration samples ( t = 1.09, 1.53, P > 0.05), and the sample uniformity was good. The stability test results show that the decline rate of the freeze-dried samples of high and low concentrations stored ≤360 days was less than 10%, and the stability was good at room temperature. Atomic fluorescence spectrophotometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS) were used for the arsenic content determination of high and low concentration samples, and there was no significant difference between the two methods ( P > 0.05). The results of determination of arsenic content in urine of 14 provinces and 86 cities and counties showed that the low concentration was (0.028 ± 0.002) mg/L and the high concentration was (0.113 ± 0.008) mg/L. Conclusion:The uniformity and stability of the freeze-dried urine arsenic quality control samples can meet the external quality control requirements of the laboratory in endemic disease prevention and monitoring.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 692-696, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study and establish a high-throughput and rapid detection method for fluorine ion content in water based on 96-well plate and microplate reader, and to evaluate its performance.Methods:According to the principle of blue ternary complex formed by reaction of fluorine ion with fluorine reagent and lanthanum nitrate, the absorbance of the complex at the wavelength of 650 nm was proportional to the concentration of fluoride ion, and the content of fluoride ion in water samples was quantitatively determined by microplate reader. The accuracy, precision and detection limit of the method were evaluated by the standard recovery rate method and the reference material method.Results:The linear correlation coefficient of the standard curve of this method was > 0.999; the standard recovery rates of different concentrations were 99.00% - 103.33% in the accuracy experiment of this method, and the average recovery rate was 101.08%. In the standard material method, the measured values are all within the calibration range of the standard solution. The relative standard deviation of water samples with different concentrations was ≤10% in the precision experiment and the detection limit was 0.06 mg/L.Conclusion:The method has good accuracy and precision, low detection limit and small sample consumption, and this method can greatly improve the detection efficiency.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 313-317, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866121

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of single nucleotide polymorphism at the estrogen receptor 1(ESR1) gene rs1801132 with the risk of brick-tea type skeletal fluorosis.Methods:The typical brick-tea type fluorosis areas in Qinghai, Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia were selected as the survey sites for a cross-sectional study. An epidemiological questionnaire was conducted by the staffs on the sites for participants older than 16 years, and physical examination and X-ray diagnosis were performed. Brick tea, blood, and urine samples were collected at the same time. The diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis through X-ray was based on the "Diagnostic Criteria for Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis" (WS/T 192-2008); The determination of tea's fluoride and urinary fluoride was performed by fluoride ion-selective electrode method; gene sequencing analysis of rs1801132 locus of ESR1 gene was done by Sequenom MassARRAY flight mass spectrometry system.Results:A total of 994 patients were included in this study. The total prevalence of skeletal fluorosis was 23.9% (238/994). The prevalence of skeletal fluorosis in Tibetans(39.9%, 123/308) was higher than those of Mongolian and Han nationality [22.2% (58/261), 13.4% (57/425), χ 2=20.435, 67.811, P < 0.05]. Based on binary logistic analysis, the daily tea fluoride intake ≤ 3.5 mg, urinary fluoride content ≤1.6 mg/L, and age ≤45 years were used as the reference groups, and then, when the daily tea fluoride intake > 7.0 mg ( OR=2.865, 95% CI: 1.923-4.268), urinary fluoride content > 1.6-3.2 mg/L ( OR=2.368, 95% CI: 1.686-3.326) and > 3.2 mg/L ( OR=3.559, 95% CI: 2.401-5.276), the age > 45-65 years old ( OR=2.361, 95% CI: 1.603-3.477) and > 65 years old ( OR=4.556, 95% CI: 2.845-7.296), the risk of fluorosis was higher than that of the reference group, respectively. When the daily tea fluoride intake was > 3.5-7.0 mg and the level of urinary fluoride was > 1.6-3.2 mg/L, G allele had a protective effect on skeletal fluorosis in Mongolian population (adjusted OR=0.207, 95% CI: 0.044-0.974); when the daily tea fluoride intake was > 3.5-7.0 mg, gender was male group, G allele had a protective effect on skeletal fluorosis in Han population (adjusted OR=0.315, 95% CI: 0.112-0.887). Conclusion:The single nucleotide polymorphism of the rs1801132 locus at the ESR1 gene may be associated with the risk of susceptibility to brick-tea type skeletal fluorosis in Mongolian and Han nationality.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 299-304, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866112

ABSTRACT

Skeletal fluorosis is an endemic disease prevalent in many countries in the world. China is one of the countries most affected by endemic fluorosis. The typical pathological change of skeletal fluorosis is accelerated bone turnover in bone tissue, during which a large number of transcription factors, signaling proteins and signaling pathways are expressed abnormally. However, the specific mechanism is not completely clear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are single-stranded non-coding RNA molecules involved in post-transcriptional regulation of genes. Studies have shown that miRNA can regulate the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and is an important regulator of biological organ development and bone metabolic diseases. In this paper, the possible role of miRNA in the occurrence and development of skeletal fluorosis was discussed to provide ideas and directions for further study on the pathogenesis of skeletal fluorosis.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL