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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 319-323, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881903

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the application value of 40 Hz auditory event related potential(40 Hz AERP) in hearing assessment in workers exposed to noise by observing the consistency between pure tone audiometry(PTA) and 40 Hz AERP. METHODS: A total of 240 ears of 120 workers who exposed to noise with PTA high-frequency hearing threshold > 25 dB were selected as the research subjects using the convenient sampling method. The thresholds of PTA and 40 Hz AERP at different frequencies were investigated. According to the average hearing threshold of PTA language frequency, the workers were divided into normal hearing group and mild-, medium-, medium-severe-, severe-hearing loss groups, and the difference and correlation between the thresholds of 40 Hz auditory potential and PTA were analyzed. RESULTS: The response thresholds of 40 Hz AERP of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 kHz in ears of normal hearing group, and mild-and moderate-hearing loss groups were higher than the PTA hearing threshold(P<0.01), while the 40 Hz AERP response thresholds of 0.5 kHz in the ears of medium-severe-and severe-hearing loss groups were lower than the hearing thresholds of PTA(P<0.05). The different value of the response threshold of 40 Hz AERP and PTA of 1.0 and 2.0 kHz in ears of normal hearing group was higher than 0.5 kHz(median: 25.0 vs 15.0 dBHL, 30.0 vs 15.0 dBHL, P<0.01). Except for 0.5 and 1.0 kHz of mild-hearing loss group, the different value of the response threshold of 40 Hz AERP and PTA in ears of the other hearing loss groups were lower than that of the normal hearing group(P<0.01). The 40 Hz AERP response threshold was frequency-specific and correlated well with PTA at the same frequency. The correlation coefficients of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 kHz were 0.744, 0.732 and 0.665 respectively(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: It is feasible to evaluate PTA in noise-exposed workers using 40 Hz AERP response threshold, but the 40 Hz AERP cannot completely replace PTA. The measurement frequency and the degree of hearing loss should be considered simultaneously.

2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 344-350, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806500

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the influence of extraction and retention of the intruded dogs' teeth on permanent successors.@*Methods@#Nine healthy 45-days-old Chinese rural puppies were selected, and six were submitted to the intrusion of the bilateral canine. Intruded teeth on the left side were extracted 30 minutes later and the teeth on the right side were kept in their sockets. After 8 months, all dogs were sacrificed. General observation, periapical radiograph and cone beam CT were used to observe the preoperative and postoperative deciduous teeth, permanent germs and permanent teeth development. The structure and content of successors' enamel were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS).@*Results@#In the extraction groups, the enamel hypoplasia was found in 19 permanent successors, ectopic eruption in 2 cases and abnormal teeth were in 19 cases in total (79%). In the retention groups, enamel hypoplasia of the permanent successors occurred in 2 cases, root dilaceration in 6 cases, and ectopic eruption in 5 cases, retained deciduous teeth in 3 cases, and there were 22 abnormal teeth in total (92%). In blank control group, there was no abnormal teeth. The major effect of intruded deciduous teeth on the permanent successors exhibited enamel hypoplasia [85% (41/48)], presented as enamel coloration and enamel defect (P=0.416).@*Conclusions@#The intruded deciduous teeth should be removed early in order to reduce the effect on the permanent teeth.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510986

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and effectiveness of different intravenous anesthesia methods for pediatric ERCP . Methods Data of 45 children undergoing ERCP at the Affiliated Hangzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from August 2013 to July 2016, including intravenous anesthesia,the procedure of ERCP, adverse reactions and the waking time were retrospectively studied. Results A total of 45 patients in two groups under intravenous anesthesia successfully underwent ERCP . Seventeen patients ( 37. 8%) whose body weights were over 20 kg and the duration of surgery was predicted less than 30 minutes received deep sedation without airway intubation. Twenty?eight patients ( 62. 2%) with an initial weight of less than 20 kg and the duration of surgery was predicted more than 30 minutes received general anesthesia with airway intubation. In patients with deep sedation, the mean time of waking was 7. 2±6. 3 minutes, body movement reaction occurred in 1 case ( 5. 9%) and with transient decreasing of pulse blood oxygen ( beyond 95%) occurred in 2 cases ( 11. 8%) . In patients receiving endotracheal anesthesia with intubation, the mean waking time was 10. 5±8. 7 minutes without adverse reactions associated with anesthesia. Conclusion Both deep sedation and general anesthesia with airway intubation are safe for pediatric ERCP. However, general anesthesia with airway intubation is an ideal method ensuring the airway safety and oxygen supply for children less than 20 kg undergoing first?time ERCP or the duration of surgery lasting over 30 minutes.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452526

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Notch singling pathway is very important for cellproliferation and differentiation, but its role is stil unknown during chondrogenesis of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of N-[N-(3,5-difluorophenacetyl-L-alanyl)]-(S)-phenylglycinet-butyl ester (DAPT) on inducing human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem celldifferentiation into chondrocytes. METHODS:Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from human umbilical cord, then were induced to differentiate into chondrocytes. There were four experimental groups:non-induced group, high-glucose Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium containing 5%fetal bovine serum and 1%double antibody;induced group, induced medium containing 6.25 mg/L insulin, 6.25 mg/L transferrin, 10μg/L transforming growth factor beta 1, 0.1μmol/L dexamethasone, 50 mg/L vitamin C, 5%fetal bovine serum and 1%double antibody;dimethyl sulfoxide group, induced medium containing 0.1%dimethyl sulfoxide;DAPT group, induced medium containing 5μmol/L DAPT. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:After chondrogenic induction, the morphology of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells became polygon and positive for toluidine blue and immunofluorescence staining;the expression of Jag-1, PS-1, Notch-1 and Hes-1 decreased significantly (P<0.01). After the addition of DAPT, compared with the induced group, the relative gene expression of Jag-1, PS-1 and Hes-1 decreased markedly (P<0.01), the relative gene expression of Notch-1 decreased obviously as wel (P<0.05), and the contents of proteoglycan and col agen type II proteins decreased significantly (P<0.01). At the same time, the relative gene expression of proteoglycan decreased obviously (P<0.05), and the relative gene expression of col agen type II decreased in part. Notch signaling pathway exists in human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells, once chondrogenesis begins, the signaling strength wil decline rapidly. DAPT may prevent human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells from differentiating into chondrocytes by Jag-1-Notch-1-Hes-1 pathway.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413624

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the accuracy of real-time continuous monitoring system (RT-CGMS) at different stages and its association with glucose excursion. Methods Totally 33 patients with type 1 diabetes or type 2diabetes were under surveillance of RT-CGMS for 5 d. Capillary glucose values were measured 7 times daily.Correlation coefficient, error grid analysis (EGA), and Bland-Altman analysis methods were used to assess the correlation, accuracy and agreement of RT-CGMS at different stages and in general level; The mean amplitude of glucose excursion (MAGE) and the frequency of glucose excursion ( FGE ) were also calculated. Results ( 1 ) The correlation coefficient of RT-CGMS with capillary glucose values at fasting, postprandial stages, and in general level were 0.94,0.92, and 0.93 respectively( P<0.01 ). (2) EGA showed that 98.82%, 98.39%, and 98.64% of the results fell in the A and B zones and 1. 18%, 1.61%, and 1.36% fell in the D zone respectively at fasting,postprandial stages, and in general level. There is no result fell in C and E zones. ( 3 ) The agreement analysis showed that RT-CGMS readings were in close agreement with capillary glucose values at fasting, postprandial periods, and in general level. (4)The MAGE at fasting, postprandial periods, and in general level were (3.57±2.66), (4.07±3.09), and (4. 02 ±3.04) mmol/L (P>0. 05), (0±0. 5), (3± 1), and( 1 ±3) d for FGE (P<0. 01 ).Conclusion RT-CGMS at fasting stage has higher accuracy than postprandial stage and general level, FGE at fasting stage is higher than postprandial stage and general level.

6.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1099-1102, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417420

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of volume therapy with 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 on mesenteric microcirculation in a rabbit model of hypovolemia.Methods Sixty-four adult male rabbits,weighing 2.0-2.3 kg,were randomly divided into 4 groups( n =16 each):control group (group C),hypovolemia group (group HM),Ringer's solution group (group RS) and 6% HES 130/0.4 group (group HES).The animals were anesthetized with sodiun pentobarbital 3.0-3.5 mg/kg.Femoral artery,femoral vein and right internal jugular vein were cannulated for MAP monitoring,blood withdrawing and fluid adminstration.Hypovolemia was induced by withdrawing blood from femoral vein of 30% blood volume in 30 min in groups HM,RS and HES.In group C,no blood was withdrawed.In group RS,Ringer's solution 3 times of the volume of blood withdrawn was infused,while 6% HES 130/0.4 equal volume of blood withdrawn was infused via right internal jugular vein immediately at the end of blood withdrawing.MAP and HR were recorded and femoral artery and femoral vein blood samples were taken before blood withdrawing (T0),immediately at the end of blood withdrawing(T1 ),immediately at the end of volume therapy(T2 ) and 30 min after volume therapy(T3 ).DO2,VO2 and ERO2 were calculated.Diameter and blood flow speed of microvessel were determined.Results Compared with group C,HR was significantly increased,MAP decreased,diameter and blood flow speed of microvessel were decreased at T1~3,DO2 was increased at T1 in group HM.Compared with group HM,MAP was significantly increased at T2,HR decreased at T2,3,DO2and VO2 were increased at T1~3,diameter of arteriole was increased at T2 whlie decreased at T3,diameter of veinule and blood flow speed of microvessel were increased at T2,3 in group RS,MAP was significantly increased at T2,HR was decreased whlie DO2 and VO2 were decreased,VO2,ERO2,diameter and blood flow speed of microvessel were increased at T2,3 in group HES.Compared with group RS,DO2,VO2 and ERO2 were significantly decreased at T3 in group HES.Conclusion Volume therapy with 6% HES 130/0.4 can improve mesenteric microcirculation,organ perfusion and oxygen metabolic in a rabbit model of hypovolemia.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574507

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate and conpare the immediate and long-term results of bronchial artery embolization(BAE) with different embolic agents for treating bronchiectasis accompaneid by massive hemoptysis.Methods BAE was undertaken in 32 patients with hemoptysis.Particles of PVA or gelatin sponge were used separately as embolic agents.Immediate and long-term results were evaluated separately by the different embolic agents. Results BAE was taken in 32 patients with hemoptysis dividing into two groups with 16 for each group alternatively received GS or PVA.One patient had recurrence at the 3rd day of BAE.29 patients were followed up and 8 of them had recurrent hemoptysis including 7 embolized with GS,and 1 PVA.Conclusions As embolic agents to treat bronchiectasis with massive hemoptysis,the effect of PVA is better than that of GS.500 ?m PVA is the best of choice.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680928

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a method for determination of tetrahydropalmatine in Anwei tablets. Methods: tetrahydropalmatine in Anwei Tablets was extracted by chloroform and determined by dual wavelength TLC scanning (? s=275nm,? R=340nm).Results: The average recovery was 95%.17%, RSD was 2.50% (n=5). The contents of tetrahydropalmatine in three batches were 7.45,7.17 and 7.90?g/tablet, respectively.Conclusions: The method is stable and feasible.

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