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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 520-525, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436184

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the outcomes of the modified multiple nerve transfer s combined with the late hand function reconstruction to restore the active pick-up function of the paralyzed upper extremity in patients with total brachial plexus avulsion injuries (TBPAI).Methods 33 patients suffered with TBPAI firstly underwent multiple nerve transfers,which including accessory nerve transfers to neurotize the suprascapular nerve to recover the shoulder abduction,contralateral C7 (CC7) nerve transfers via the modified pre-spinal route with direct coaptation to restore lower trunk function and the musculocutaneous nerve was also neurotized by the transferred CC7 nerve via a cutaneous nerve graft to restore the function of elbow flexion,as well as the phrenic nerve transfers to neurotize the posterior division of lower trunk to restore the function of elbow and finger extension.The patients with muscle recovery were selected to perform the hand function reconstruction at the second stage for restoring the active pick-up function.The patients were chosen as followcriterias:the degree of shoulder abduction attained 30°or more,the motor power of elbow,wrist,and finger flexion attained grade M4 or more,elbow and finger extension attained M3 or more.The methods of hand function reconstruction included wrist fusion and flexor carpal ulnaris opponensplasty,in addition to palmar capsulodesis of the metacarpophalangeal joint.Results The mean follow up was 41±7.7 (range,36-73 months) after the first procedure of multiple nerve transfers,the muscle strength of elbow and finger and wrist flexion attained M 4 as well as the elbow and finger extension achieved M3 or more in 10 patients,all of 10 patients achieved 40°-80°shoulder abduction.8 out of 10 patients had performed the second surgical procedure for hand functional reconstruction.6 of them had successfully recovered the active pick-up function.Conclusions The newly designed procedure of multiple nerve transfers could effectively restore the function of shoulder abduction,elbow,wrist,and finger flexion,as well as elbows and finger extension in patients with TBPAI,combined with the hand functional reconstruction,active pick-up function could be successfully reconstructed.

2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 119-122,后插4, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598101

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the functional recovery of shoulder joint and the reduction of posterior dislocated humeral head in children with shoulder joint internal rotation contracture and humeral head posterior dislocation secondary to brachial plexus birth palsy treated by a modified surgical procedure through the anterior combined posterior approach of the shoulder. MethodsNinteen patients,ranging in age from 2.5 to 8.5 years (average 5 years),suffered posterior dislocation of the shoulder joint secondary to internal rotation contracture in brachial plexus birth palsy. The gleno-humeral joint deformity was confirmed by X-ray and CT examination and classified as type Ⅳ in 15 eases and typeⅤin 4 cases according to the modified water's criteria.The surgical procedure was as follows:the contracture soft tissue around the anterior of shoulder joint was released firstly through the anterior approach, and the posterior-inferior capsule of the shoulder was exposed and separated with the pseudoglenoid through the posterior approach,the humeral head was reduced by external rotation the arm,then the posterior-inferior capsule was retighten.A plaster cast was used to fix the shoulder at the neutral position of 0° for 4 weeks. ResultsAfter 12 to 36 months follow up(average of 20 months), the Mallet score of the shoulder was from 11.4 ± 1.7 (range 7-16)preoperative to 15.5 ± 1.8(range 13-19) postoperative,the difference was significantly (P < 0.05).The central relocation of humeral head was achieved in 16 patients, but the humeral head was still dislocated to posterior in 3 cases.ConclusionsThe posterior-inferior capsule was separated with the pseudo-glenoid and retighten through the posterior approach,and reduction of the humeral head by soft tissue releaseing through the anterior approach can recover the concentric relationship of gleno-humeral joint and improve the function of shoulder joint with posterior dislocation secondary to internal rotated contracture deformity in brachial plexus birth palsy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 447-450, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425634

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo classify the type of lumbosacral plexus nerve root injury.MethodsFrom November 2004 to August 2011,36 patients suffered with lumbarsacral plexus nerve root injury underwent surgical exploration in our department.There were 24 males and 12 females,aged from 7 to 49 years(average,29.5 years).By inductively analyzing the location and amount of nerve root injury,preoperative clinical manifestations and results of physical examination,the clinical typing of lumbarsacral plexus nerve root injury was made.ResultsLumbosacral plexus nerve root injury was classified into 6 types:total lumbosacral plexus nerve root injury (4 cases),lumbar plexus and upper sacral plexus nerve root injury (6 cases),sacral plexus nerve root injury (9 cases),upper sacral plexus nerve root injury (11 cases),lower sacral plexus nerve root injury(4 cases) and lumbar plexus injury(2 cases).There were 19 patients with total lumbosacral plexus nerve root injury,lumbar plexus and upper sacral plexus nerve root injury or sacral plexus nerve root injury,among which 73.7%(14/19) nerve root injury located in the spinal canal and all of them were nerve root avulsion or rupture.There were 17 patients with upper sacral plexus nerve root injury,lower sacral plexus nerve root injury or lumbar plexus nerve root injury,among which 64.7% (11/17) nerve root injury located in intro-pelvic or pelvic sacral foramina,and all of them were distraction injury.ConclusionThis clinical typing is useful for the accurate diagnosis of lumbosacral plexus nerve root injury.In addition,it is also beneficial for judging the location and characteristics of nerve root injury.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 604-607, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416450

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the histological changes of the wrist interosseous ligaments after radiofrequency electrothermal shrinkage. Methods Six frozen fresh male adult cadaver wrist ligaments were exploited for the research. The ligaments of the right wrists were treated with radiofrequency electrothermal shrinkage with Arthrocare system, while the ligaments of the left wrists were kept as the normal control. The bone-ligament-hone samples of all the scapholunate (SL) and lunotriquetral (LT) ligaments were prepared, sectioned and then stained with the regular HE staining, toluidine blue staining, Sirius-red staining and immunohistochemistry staining of collagen Ⅲ. The image analysis software was used to compare the staining results. Results The histological structures of SL dorsal ligaments (SL-d) and LT volar ligaments (LT-v) were very similar, and the structures of SL volar ligaments (SL-v) and LT dorsal ligaments (LT-d) were also very similar. The membrane parts of both SL and LT ligaments showed the fibrous cartilage structure. The histological structures of SL-d and LT-v were much less destroyed by the radiofrequency than those of SL-v and LT-d. After radiofrequency electrothermal shrinkage, only the distribution areas of collagen Ⅰ and collagen Ⅲ were significantly changed in the membrane parts of SL and LT ligaments. Conclusion Radiofrequency electrothermal shrinkage treatment can cause minor structural damage to the collagen-dominant ligaments such as SL-d and LT-v, while it can lead to quite severe structural damage to the ligaments containing collagen and lots of loose connective tissue, such as SL-v and LT-d.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349747

ABSTRACT

To explore the clinical classification of hamate hook fracture and the treatment strategy for different type of fractures, 12 patients who suffered from hamate hook fractures were followed up retrospectively. According to the fracture sites and the prognosis, we classified the hamate hook fractures into 3 types. Type I referred to an avulsion fracture at the tip of hamate hook, type II was a fracture in the middle part of hamate hook, and type III represented a fracture at the base of hamate hook. By the classification, in our series, only 1 fell into type I, 7 type II, and 4 type III. The results were evaluated with respect to the functional recovery, recovery time and the association among the clinical classification, pre-operative complications and treatment results. The average follow-up time of this group was 8.4±3.9 months. Two cases were found to have fracture non-union and both of them were type II fractures. Six patients had complications before operation. Five cases were type II fractures and 1 case type III fracture. All the patients were satisfied with the results at the time of the last follow-up. Their pain scale and grip strength improved significantly after treatment. All the pre-operative complications were relieved. The recovery time of hamate hook excision was significantly shorter than that of the other two treatments. The incidences of both pre-operative complications and non-union in type II fractures were higher than those in type I and type III fractures. It was concluded that, generally, the treatment effects with hamate hook fracture are quite good. The complication incidence and prognosis of the fracture are closely related to the clinical classification. Early intervention is critical for type II fractures.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Bone , Classification , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Hamate Bone , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634961

ABSTRACT

To explore the clinical classification of hamate hook fracture and the treatment strategy for different type of fractures, 12 patients who suffered from hamate hook fractures were followed up retrospectively. According to the fracture sites and the prognosis, we classified the hamate hook fractures into 3 types. Type I referred to an avulsion fracture at the tip of hamate hook, type II was a fracture in the middle part of hamate hook, and type III represented a fracture at the base of hamate hook. By the classification, in our series, only 1 fell into type I, 7 type II, and 4 type III. The results were evaluated with respect to the functional recovery, recovery time and the association among the clinical classification, pre-operative complications and treatment results. The average follow-up time of this group was 8.4±3.9 months. Two cases were found to have fracture non-union and both of them were type II fractures. Six patients had complications before operation. Five cases were type II fractures and 1 case type III fracture. All the patients were satisfied with the results at the time of the last follow-up. Their pain scale and grip strength improved significantly after treatment. All the pre-operative complications were relieved. The recovery time of hamate hook excision was significantly shorter than that of the other two treatments. The incidences of both pre-operative complications and non-union in type II fractures were higher than those in type I and type III fractures. It was concluded that, generally, the treatment effects with hamate hook fracture are quite good. The complication incidence and prognosis of the fracture are closely related to the clinical classification. Early intervention is critical for type II fractures.

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