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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 52-58, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009353

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a genotyping method for the Junior blood type and report on a rare blood type with Jr(a-).@*METHODS@#Healthy O-type RhD+ volunteer donors of the Shenzhen Blood Center from January to May 2021 (n = 1 568) and a pedigree with difficult cross-matching (n = 3) were selected as the study subjects. Serological methods were used for proband's blood type identification, unexpected antibody identification, and antibody titer determination. Polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP) method was used for typing the proband's RhD gene. ABCG2 gene coding region sequencing and a PCR-SSP genotyping method were established for determining the genotypes of the proband and his family members and screening of Jra antigen-negative rare blood type among the 1 568 blood donors.@*RESULTS@#The proband's ABO and RhD blood types were respectively determined as B and partial D (RHDDVI.3/RHD01N.01), Junior blood type Jra antigen was negative, and plasma had contained anti-D and anti-Jra. Sequencing of the ABCG2 gene revealed that the proband's genotype was ABGG201N.01/ABGG201N.01 [homozygous c.376C>T (p.Gln126X) variants], which is the most common Jr(a-) blood type allele in the Asian population. Screening of the voluntary blood donors has detected no Jr(a-) rare blood type. Statistical analysis of the heterozygotes suggested that the allelic frequency for ABCG2*01N.01 (c.376T) was 0.45%, and the frequency of Jr(a-) rare blood type with this molecular background was about 0.2‰.@*CONCLUSION@#A very rare case of partial DVI.3 type and Jr(a-) rare blood type has been identified. And a method for identifying the Junior blood type through sequencing the coding regions of the ABCG2 gene and PCR-SSP has been established.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Group Antigens/genetics , Genotype , Genotyping Techniques , Heterozygote , Alleles , Blood Donors , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 594-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004791

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To solve the difficulty of RhD blood group typing in a patient with double population(DP) of red blood cells for RhD antigen by serological and genotyping analysis. 【Methods】 Separation of the two populations of red blood cells of the patient was performed using capillary centrifugation method. ABO, RhD and RhCE typing, direct anti-human globulin test (DAT), irregular antibody screening, antibody identification and blood crossmatching of the patient were conducted using the standard serological methods. The hybrid Rhesus zygosity analysis of the RHD gene was performed by PCR-RFLP method. RHD and RHCE genotype of the patients were identified by PCR-SSP method. 【Results】 The patient was B type but with DP of red blood cells for RhD, Rhc and RhE antigens. DAT of the patient was positive and the alloanti-D was detected in serum. The RHD zygosity was D-/D- homozygote. PCR-SSP testing showed the RHD gene deletion (RHD * 01N. 01/01N.01 genotype) and Ccee of RHCE genotype in the patient, which was consistent with RHD zygosity analysis. 【Conclusion】 This is a special case with D-negative phenotype which was wrongly detected as D-positive type after D-positive red blood cells transfusion in emergency. When the DP of red cells for D antigen encountered like this case, the RhD typing can be accurately determined by using RHD genotyping analysis to provide strong evidence to the clinical blood transfusion.

3.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 986-990, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004684

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the effect of RHAG variants identified in Chinese population on mRNA splicing by minigene splicing assay(MSA) in vitro. 【Methods】 The pSplicePOLR2G minigene expression plasmids were constructed for 10 RHAG mutations with relatively high distribution frequency in Chinese population near splicing sites or synonymous mutations by analyzing the RHAG gene data in the KMxD database. Then, the wild-type and mutant plasmids were transfected into HEK 293T cells, and RNA was extracted 48 hours after transfection. After reverse transcription, specific primers were used for PCR amplification, and then agarose gel electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis were performed to determine whether the mutations will affect the normal splicing of exons. 【Results】 MSA in vitro showed that 2 mutations (c.158-5delT, c. 807+ 3A>C) near the splicing site reduced the amount of normal transcripts slightly. The remaining 8 synonymous mutations(c.312G>A, c. 341+ 3G>A, c. 609C>T, c. 681G>A, c. 861G>A, c. 957T>A, c. 984T>C and c. 1139-7G>A) had no impact on the splicing of RHAG mRNA. 【Conclusion】 This study showed that RHAG gene was conservative in terms of splicing, and the mutations near splicing sites and synonymous mutations were less likely to cause abnormal splicing of RHAG gene.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 21-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998515

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological chatacteristics and genotypes of parechovirus A (PeV-A) from children with acute diarrhea in Beijing in 2021. Methods Fecal samples were randomly collected from outpatient children under 60 months with acute diarrhea in a sentinel hospital in Beijing from January to December of 2021. RNA was extracted and detected for PeV-A by real-time RT-PCR. Nested RT-PCR was performed to amplify the VP3/VP1 conjunction region. PeV-A genotypes were determined based on sequencing and NCBI BLAST. Group A rotavirus, norovirus, enteric adenovirus, astrovirus and sapovirus were also detected for co-infection analysis. Phylogenetic and statistical analyses were performed using bioinformatics and statistical software. Results Of the 198 stool samples, 11 were positive for PeV-A, with a detection rate of 5.56% (11/198). Among them, 2 cases were co-infected with enteric adenovirus. 81.82% (9/11) of PeV-A infected cases were under 24 months. The highest detection rate was observed in fall, which was 12.50% (7/56). 90.91%(10/11)of PeV-A infection occurred in summer and fall. Among the 11 PeV-A isolates, 9 were sequenced successfully, of which 7 belonged to PeV-A1B genotype and 2 belonged to PeV-A3 genotype. Conclusion PeV-A1B and PeV-A3 are identified in children with acute gastroenteritis in Beijing in 2021. Infants and young children under 2 years old are the high-risk population for PeV-A infection. Most infections occur in summer and fall.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 95-99, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953764

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the safety of thoracic surgery for high-altitude patients in local medical center. Methods    We retrospectively collected 258 high-altitude patients who received thoracic surgery in West China Hospital, Sichuan University (plain medical center, 54 patients) and People's Hospital of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (high-altitude medical center, 204 patients) from January 2013 to July 2019. There were 175 males and 83 females with an average age of 43.0±16.8 years. Perioperative indicators, postoperative complications and related risk factors of patients were analyzed. Results    The rate of minimally invasive surgery in the high-altitude medical center was statistically lower than that in the plain medical center (11.8% vs. 55.6%, P<0.001). The surgical proportions of tuberculous empyema (41.2% vs. 1.9%, P<0.001) and pulmonary hydatid (15.2% vs. 0.0%, P=0.002) in the high-altitude medical center were statistically higher than those in the plain medical center. There was no statistical difference in perioperative mortality (0.5% vs. 1.9%, P=0.379) or complication rate within 30 days after operation (7.4% vs. 11.1%, P=0.402) between the high-altitude center and the plain medical center. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that body mass index≥ 25 kg/m2 (OR=8.647, P<0.001) and esophageal rupture/perforation were independent risk factors for the occurrence of postoperative complications (OR=15.720, P<0.001). Conclusion    Thoracic surgery in the high-altitude medical center is safe and feasible.

6.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 327-330, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004378

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To identify three cases of pregnant women with the D variant phenotype using serological and molecular tests, and discuss the strategy of prenatal examination. 【Methods】 The peripheral blood samples from three pregnant women with the D variant phenotype were collected. RhD variant phenotype was determined using routine serological methods with two different kinds of monoclonal anti-D. The serological characteristic for the epitope of D antigen was further analyzed using the commercial panel anti-D reagents (D-Screen, Diagast). The hybrid RHD-CE-D allele was analyzed by the Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA) assay and polymerase chain reaction with sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP) method. Further Sanger sequencing of RHD gene exons was also performed. 【Results】 DFR phenotype was primarily determined by serological characteristic for the epitope of D antigen. RHD*DFR2/01N.01(n=2) and RHD*DFR1/1227A(n=1) genotypes were identified by the MLPA assay, PCR-SSP and Sanger sequencing. 【Conclusion】 Two pregnant women with RHD*DFR2/01N.01 genotype should be treated as D negative patients clinically, while the pregnant woman with RHD*DFR1/1227A genotype can be treated as Asia type DEL to avoid unnecessary antibody screening and anti-D prophylaxis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 690-693, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004190

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish a high-throughput detection method for ABCG2*376T allele of Jr(a-), and apply it to the study of the frequency of this allele in the Chinese population. 【Methods】 The specific primers were designed and synthesized, the sample carrying homozygous ABCG2*376T alleles, obtained in the previous study, was used as the homozygous positive control, and the sample carrying heterozygous allele as the heterozygous positive control. The wild-type sample was used as a negative control, and a high-resolution melting curve(HRM) method for detecting this allele was established. The established method was used to screen DNA samples from blood donors in Guangzhou, and the samples carrying ABCG2*376T alleles were sequenced to confirm the accuracy of the HRM method. 【Results】 A HRM method, which can detect ABCG2*376T allele and accurately type homozygotes and heterozygotes at the same time, had been established successfully. Fifteen individuals with heterozygous alleles were screened out of 1 560 blood donors in Guangzhou, while none homozygous allele was detected. 【Conclusion】 The HRM method can be used to accurately screen and type ABCG2*376T allele. The frequency of this allele in Chinese population is about 0.48%(15/3120).

8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 814-816, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004170

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish an experimental method for detecting phagocytosis of sensitized red blood cells in vitro by flow cytometry. 【Methods】 Mononuclear cells were isolated from the peripheral blood of blood donors and cultured in a cell incubator for 1 hour, and then adherent monocytes were isolated and obtained. Dib-positive red blood cells (RBCs) were labeled with PKH26 and then sensitized with IgG anti-Dib. The sensitized RBCs were added to monocytes for in vitro phagocytosis assay. Monocytes were labeled with FITC anti-human CD14, then phagocytosis was measured by flow cytometry, and the phagocytic efficiency was calculated. The method was used to detect the phagocytic efficiency of monocytes on human IgG anti-D sensitized RBCs with different titers. 【Results】 The phagocytic efficiency of monocytes was averaged at 5% (1.2%~7.6%, SD 3.30) versus 81% (71.4%~92.7%, SD 8.65) in the negative versus positive control group, respectively. Phagocytic activity of monocytes mediated by anti-D was correlated with the antibody titer. The phagocytosis efficiency was within 10% when the antibody titer was lower than 32 and increased sharply when the titer was between 32 to 128, it entered a plateau and stabilized at 80% at the titer above 256. 【Conclusion】 A detection platform for detecting phagocytosis-sensitized RBCs in vitro by flow cytometry has been successfully established. It can be used to assess the clinical significance of red blood cell allotype or autologous IgG antibodies.

9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 102-104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004057

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To identify the antibody specificity in a pregnant women who had no history of blood transfusion but presented the antibodies against high-frequency antigens. 【Methods】 ABO, RhD blood group antigens were identified by saline. Antibody screening and identification were performed by saline and indirect Coomb’s technique. Further antibody identification tests were conducted using papain, trypsin and chymotrypsin-treated cells. Antibody titer in serum was tested. PCR amplification and sequencing analysis of 16 exons of ABCG2 gene were conducted. 【Results】 The blood type of the patient were B, RhD positive. The serum reacted with antibody screening/identified cells by indirect antiglobin test(both 2+ ) but not by saline. The agglutination was enhanced after papain treatment (4+ ), but remained unchanged after trypsin and chymotrypsin treatment (2+ ). The IgG titer was 1∶2. The sequencing analysis of ABCG2 gene revealed a homozygous nonsense mutation(c.376C>T, p. Gln126X) in exon 4 of the women. 【Conclusion】 In this case, the development of anti-Jra in Jr(a-) mother was stimulated by mother-child serology incompatibility during pregnancy.

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 290-292, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004567

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To discuss the interference of anti-CD47 in pre-transfusion test and the mitigation measures. 【Methods】 Blood sample of one patient received anti-CD47 treatment was collected to conduct routine serological tests including ABO/Rh phenotype, direct anti-human globulin test, irregular antibody screening, antibody identification and cross-match. Packed platelet from multiple type O blood donors was used to absorb with patient′s plasma. The patient′s plasma was absorbed with CCDee, ccDEE and ccdee red cells, respectively. Anti-IgG monoclonal Gamma-clone which lacks reactivity with human subclass IgG4 was used to perform antibody screening and cross-match. Capture-R was used to perform antibody screening. 【Results】 The direct anti-human globulin test was positive(1+ ), the reactivity in all phases was strong positive(3+ -4+ ). The anti-CD47 was eliminated after platelet and red cells absorption. Antibody screening became negative using Gamma-clone and Capture-R, and cross-match successfully using Gamma-clone. 【Conclusion】 Anti-CD47 monoclonal antibody can interfere with pre-transfusion test and cross matching. To remove the interference of anti-CD47 requires the use of Gamma-clone anti-IgG in the indirect antiglobulin testing or Capture-R.

11.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 764-767, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004474

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the identification method and characteristics of anti-IFC against Cromer blood group. 【Methods】 ABO blood group was identified by tube method, and Rh blood group was identified by Rh typing card. Irregular antibody screening and antibody identification were carried out using microtube column agglutination technology(MCAT). The serum of the patient reacted with panel cells treated with antitrypsin, trypsin and bromelain respectively to determine the specificity of the antibody. The serum was inhibited with pure CD55 protein for antibody identification. The DAF, the regulatory gene of Cromer blood group system, was amplified and sequenced. The expression of CD55 on cell membrane was analyzed by flow cytometry. 【Results】 The patient′s blood type was B, CcDEe. The patient′s serum reacted with all the untreated panel red cells, bromelain-treated red cells, trpsin-treated red cells, and DTT treated red cells.It was negative with chymotypsin-treated cells and could be neutralized by CD55 protein. No mutation was found by DAF sequencing. The expression of CD55 on patient′s cell membrane was deficient. 【Conclusion】 This high frequency antibody was identified as anti-IFC. The transient depression in CD55 protein may due to the patient′s GI system abnormalities.

12.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1000-1002, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004400

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To develop a new approach for the preparation of 0.7~0.8 hematocrit concentrated washed red blood cells(RBCs) for fetal anemia in utero transfusion and apply it in clinical. 【Methods】 The erythrocyte suspension and frozen stored erythrocytes within expiry date in Guangzhou Blood Center from March 2020 to February 2021 were taken to prepare concentrated washed RBCs. According to the derivation formula, corresponding weight of RBC preservation solution was added to obtain 0.7~0.8 hematocrit concentrated washed RBCs. Routine blood test data were statistically analyzed by single-sample t test, and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Qualified Rh-negative/ O-type 0.7~0.8 hematocrit concentrated RBCs within expiry date were used in clinical intrauterine blood transfusion. 【Results】 The hematocrit of concentrated washing RBCs prepared by the new approach could reach 0.7~0.8. The RBCs count (8.389 ±0.808)×1 012/ L and hemoglobin content(233.730±15.498)g/L were higher while the erythrocyte count (0.732±0.469)×109 /L and platelets count(26.000±26.276)×109/L were lower than the normal values of adults. The mean erythrocyte volume(fL), hemoglobin content(pg) and concentration(g/L )were 88.123±6.359, 30.004±2.809 and 339.980±11.865, respectively, which were normal values of adults. Fetal anemia was significantly improved and the prognosis was good after intrauterine blood transfusion. 【Conclusion】 The 0.7~0.8 hematocrit concentrated washed RBCs prepared by the new approach is consistent with the special blood requirements during fetal anaemia transfusion, meets the clinical treatment standards, and can be applied in clinical.

13.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1149-1152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004319

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To identify the blood group epitope of a D variant individual and analyze its molecular characteristics. 【Methods】 The saline test and indirect antiglobulin test (IAT) were used to identify the RhD serologically. The anti-human globulin gel card was used for direct antiglobulin test (DAT). RhD epitopes were detected using the epitope detection kit (D-Screen). RhCE antigens were typed using Rh typing Card. The RHD gene zygomorphism was further analyzed by PCR-RFLP. Ten exons of RHD gene were amplified by PCR and analyzed by direct sequencing. 【Results】 DAT test was negative, and the serological results showed weak expression of RhD, which was D variant. The RhD epitope test results showed that the red blood cells of this patient had a weak agglutination with 4 monoclonal anti-D against epD6.4, epD6.1, epD2.1, and epD5.4 (w+ to 2+ ), and reacted negatively with other epitope antibodies. RhCE antigen typing was Ccee; The RHD gene zygomorphism result was D+ /D-, the sequencing of RHD exons revealed that the first exon carried c. 41C>T (p.Pro14Leu) missense mutation, and its genotype was RHD*01W.136/01N.01. 【Conclusion】 This D variant is the first weak D type 136 reported in the Chinese population, and its phenotype is weak partial D.

14.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1290-1295, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003964

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the characteristics of the D antigen epitope of individuals with RhD variants and the genetic molecular mechanism of gene mutations in Guangzhou. 【Methods】 A total of 59 samples of RhD variants were collected from blood donors and hospitals in Guangzhou from January to August 2019. Serological characteristics of D epitopes were further analyzed using two kinds of monoclonal anti-D reagents and D epitope detection kits, and RHCE phenotypic typing was performed. QuickGene DNA extraction kit was used to extract the genomic DNA of the samples, and PCR-RFLP method was used to analyze the RHD gene zygote type. The RHD gene sequence was detected by multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification(MLPA) genotyping, and the RHD exon(1~10) Sanger sequencing was performed on the samples still in doubt after the above detection. DNAStar/SeqMan analysis software was used for comprehensive analysis. 【Results】 In this group of individuals with RhD variants in Guangzhou, 27.12%(16/59) were detected from blood donors [accounting for 0.007%(16/232 793) of blood donors in Guangzhou during the same period], and difficult samples of patients sent by hospitals for determination accounted for 72.88%(43/59). RHD genotype detection: 40.68%(24/59) were RHD*weak partial 15, 25.42%(15/59) were RHD* DⅥ.3 and 33.90%(20/59) were rare RHD variants [76.92%(10/13) were RhD variants with 2 different alleles]. Serological D-screen revealed a relatively fixed pattern of RHD*DⅥ.3 in anti-D antibody(clone: P3*212 23B10), while the others was negative. The phenotypic distribution of RhD variant CE was Ccee 38.98%(23/59), ccEe 35.59%(21/59), CcEe 25.42%(15/59). 【Conclusion】 Weak partial D15 and DⅥ.3 were the most common RhD variants in Guangzhou Han population, and DⅥ can be preliminarily identified by serological methods such as D-Screen anti-D reagent, while the remaining RhD variants can only be identified by molecular biological methods, and >95% of the RhD variants were C+ or E+ phenotypes.

15.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 104-107, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823143

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of viral diarrhea in children under 5 years old during 2015-2018 in Xicheng District of Beijing, and to provide evidence for prevention and control of viral diarrhea. Methods Fecal specimens from patients under 5 years old were collected from the outpatient clinic of the Children's Diarrhea Surveillance Sentinel Hospital in Xicheng District, Beijing from 2015 to 2018. Real-time fluorescence PCR was used to detect group A rotavirus (RVA), norovirus (NV), and adenovirus (AdV), Astrovirus (AstV). Results A total of 972 fecal specimens were collected, 142 were tested positive for RVA (14.61%), 136 were tested positive for NV (13.99%), 67 were tested positive for AdV (6.89%), and 49 were tested positive for AstV (5.04%). Mix-infection was found in 46 cases, which accounted for 4.73%. The detection rates of the 4 viruses in children under 2 years old were 80.28%, 77.94%, 83.58%, and 87.75%, respectively. Conclusion Rotavirus and norovirus were the main pathogens of viral diarrhea in children in Beijing Xicheng District from 2015-2018, and iinfants under 2 years old were the high-risk group. The peak incidence was in winter.

16.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 778-781, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871132

ABSTRACT

We report a case of a newborn baby who suffered from hemolytic disease of fetus and newborn (HDFN) caused by anti-Di a. The baby presented with worsening jaundice started at three hours after birth and was transferred to Dongguan Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital. The newborn's hemoglobin (Hb) was 82 and 76 g/L at five and nine hours after birth, and the total bilirubin (TBIL) was 243.2 and 309.8 μmol/L, respectively. Blood samples of the newborn and the parents were collected for HDFN immunohematology test twelve hours after birth. They showed that the newborn and the father's blood type was A and RhDCCee, while the mother was A and RhDCcee. Direct antiglobulin test (DAT) indicateda strong positive for the newborn and negative for the parents. The reaction of the reagent to red blood cells for antibody screening with the patient's plasma, red cells eluate, and the mother's plasma were all negative, but were positive with the father's red blood cells. The newborn was recovered after treating with phototherapy, intravenous immunoglobulins and urgent blood exchange (the exchanged blood was the same ABO and RhD blood type and cross-matched). The newborn's plasma and red cells eluate were collected before blood exchange, and the mother's plasma were used to assess the red blood cells reaction, and IgG anti-Di a was identified in each sample. Di a blood typing was positive for the newborn and the father, and negative for the mother. Therefore, the newborn was diagnosed as HDFN caused by anti-Di a.

17.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 498-501, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460863

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the potential effect of depression on overweight and obesity in Tangshan city .Methods A total of 2 180 subjects were enrolled into this cross‐sectional survey conducted in Kailuan community .Anthropometric measurement and structured questionnaire survey were administered to each subject .Status of depression was assessed by Patient Health Ques‐tionaire‐9(PHQ‐9) .The potential effect of depression on overweight and obesity was analyzed with Logistic regression .Results The average score of PHQ‐9 as well as the prevalence of moderate or major status of depression in people with overweight and obe‐sity was significantly higher than those with normal weight .The multivariate logistic regression showed that the score of PHQ‐9 was a risk factor for prevalence of overweight and obesity (OR=1 .43 ,95% CI:1 .05-1 .95 ,P<0 .05;OR=1 .07 ,95% CI:1 .04-1 .10 ,P<0 .05) .In comparison to the none/mild depression ,moderate and major depression could significantly increase the risk for overweight (OR=2 .28 ,95% CI:1 .49-3 .49 ,P<0 .05 ;OR=3 .47 ,95% CI:2 .06-5 .84 ,P<0 .05) and obesity (OR=1 .22 ,95%CI:1 .03-1 .45 ,P<0 .05 ;OR=1 .81 ,95% CI:1 .44-2 .29 ,P<0 .05) .Conclusion The depression status could contribute to the development of overweight and obesity and the role of psychological elements should be taken into consideration in overweight and obesity management .

18.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 815-819, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420198

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the molecular genetic mechanism of para-bombay phenotype in two individuals.MethodsThe proband was a female.When the proband donated blood,because the forward blood group wasn't coincident with her reverse blood group,the blood and saliva specimen from proband and her family members were sent to Guangzhou Blood Center for further identification.Routine serological techniques were used to determine proband's and her family members' blood group and ABH antigen in saliva.The coding regions of FUT1 and FUT2 gene,exon 6 and exon 7 of ABO gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction using proband's and her family members' genomic DNA.All amplified products were analyzed after being directly sequenced.The two-base deletion regions of FUT1 gene were certified by cloning and haplotype sequencing.Results Proband's and her little brother's blood group were identified as para-bombay while other family members' blood group were normal.Two-base deletion heterozygous mutations of FUT1 gene were found in proband and her brother,AG deletion at position 547-552 and TT deletion at position 880-882,which caused a reading frame shift and a premature stop eodon.Meanwhile,880-882del TT heterozygous mutation was found in proband's grandfather and her father and 547-552del AG heterozygous mutation was found in proband's mother and her little sister.ResultsOf cloning and haplotype sequencing certified that these two-base deletion mutations occurred at 547-548 and 881-882 position respectively.Three new mutations were found in FUT2 gene,390C > T,418A > T and 749G > A,which could cause the change of amino acid at position 140Ile > Phe and 250Arg > Gln.Conclusions Two-base deletion heterozygous mutations in different positions in FUT1 gene were found in 2 individuals,which maybe the molecular genetic mechanism of para-bombay phenotype.Heterozygous deletion mutation in one-strand DNA wouldn't change the ABO blood group.Three new mutations were also found in FUT2 gene.( Chin J Lab Med,2012,35:815-819)

19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 234-238, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267628

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To report a rare case of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) with kernicterus caused by anti-Di(a) diagnosed using high-throughput genotyping multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Conventional serological methods were used to detect the antibodies related with HDN. The genotypes of more than 40 red blood cell antigens for the newborn and her parents were obtained using the high-throughput MLPA assay. The antibody titers were tested using a standard serological method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The unknown antibody against the low-frequency antigens was predicted based on the primary serological tests. The genotyping results for more than 40 red blood cell antigens of the newborn and her parents showed incompatible antigens of MNS and Diego blood group system, indicating the existence of anti-N or anti-Di(a). Further serological tests confirmed anti-Di(a) existence in the plasma of the newborn and her mother. The titer of anti-Di(a) in the mother's plasma was 1:32.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Severe HDN including kernicterus can result from anti-Di(a). High-throughput genotyping MLPA assay can help type some rare antigens in complicated cases. The reagent red cell panels including Di(a)-positive cells are necessary in routine antibody screening test in Chinese population.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Blood Group Incompatibility , Genetics , Erythroblastosis, Fetal , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood , Genotype , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Methods , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Rho(D) Immune Globulin , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1833-1835, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352323

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the frequency of anti-Mur and Mur antigen among blood donors in Guangzhou to provide evidence for guiding clinical transfusion and prenatal screening.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DG Gel Coombs cards were used to screen active anti-Mur at 37 degrees celsius; from 2725 blood donors. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to genotype Mur antigen from 91 blood donors, and human anti-Mur serum was used to verify the phenotypes deduced from the genotypes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequency of anti-Mur and genotyped Mur antigen was 0.04% (1/2725) and 6.59% (6/91), respectively, and the phenotyping results were consistent with the genotyping results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The blood donors in Guangzhou show a low frequency of anti-Mur and a relatively high frequency of Mur antigen. Genotyping using MLPA allows Mur antigen genotyping when commercial anti-Mur is not available.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Donors , Blood Group Antigens , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , China , Genotype , Genotyping Techniques , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Phenotype
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