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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931820

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of mechanical power (MP) in patients with moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) based on the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-Ⅲv1.4 (MIMIC-Ⅲ v1.4).Methods:The information of ARDS patients undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation for no less than 48 hours who were hospitalized at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts from June 2001 to October 2012 in the MIMIC-Ⅲ v1.4 were collected. The demographics of patients, disease severity scores, ARDS etiology, prognostic indicators, pre-ventilation arterial blood gas analysis and respiratory parameters within 48 hours of ventilation were extracted. According to the lowest oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) before ventilation, the patients were divided into mild to moderate ARDS group (> 150 mmHg, 1 mmHg≈0.133 kPa) and moderate to severe ARDS group (≤ 150 mmHg), and the differences in baseline characteristics between the two groups were compared. The independent predictors associated with the severity of ARDS were analyzed using Logistic regression. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted. The area under ROC curve (AUC) was calculated to evaluate the diagnostic value of MP for moderate to severe ARDS. The Youden index was used to determine the diagnostic threshold of MP for moderate to severe ARDS. According to the cut-off value of MP based on Youden index, all ARDS patients were divided into high and low MP groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the 28-day survival status of patients. Results:A total of 403 ARDS patients were enrolled in the study, including 107 subjects with mild to moderate ARDS and 296 with moderate to severe ARDS. There were significant differences in age, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, the lowest PaO 2/FiO 2 before ventilation, the last PaO 2/FiO 2 before ventilation, 28-day mortality, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, duration of mechanical ventilation, lung dynamic compliance (Cdyn) in the second 24 hours of ventilation and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), plateau pressure (Pplat), driving pressure (ΔP), respiratory rate (RR), lung static compliance (Cst), MP, inspired fraction of oxygen (FiO 2) within 48 hours of ventilation between the two groups. After adjusting variables such as age, SOFA score, the last PaO 2/FiO 2 before ventilation, and related respiratory mechanics parameters, multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that higher ΔP, PEEP and MP, and lower last PaO 2/FiO 2 before ventilation were independently associated with moderate to severe ARDS [odds ratio ( OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.137 (1.032-1.252), 1.333 (1.139-1.561), 1.102 (1.030-1.179), and 0.996 (0.993-0.998), respectively, all P < 0.01]. The ROC curve analysis showed that the best cut-off value of MP for the diagnosis of moderate to severe ARDS was 18.1 J/min with sensitivity of 81.42% and specificity of 60.75%, and the AUC was 0.745 (95% CI was 0.690-0.799). According to the cut-off value of MP obtained by ROC curve, all ARDS patients were divided into high MP group (> 18.1 J/min) and low MP group (≤ 18.1 J/min). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the 28-day cumulative survival rate in the high MP group was significantly lower than that in the low MP group (73.8% vs. 85.1%; Log-Rank test: χ2 = 5.660, P = 0.017). Conclusion:MP is an independent predictor of the severity of ARDS, and it can be used to diagnose moderate to severe ARDS.

2.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 189-192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929757

ABSTRACT

MicroRNA (miRNA) plays an important role in the development of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) by binding to the 3′ non-coding region of the target gene mRNA to regulate gene expression after transcription. The expression level of miRNA is closely related to the clinical staging, typing, prognosis assessment, and therapeutic effect of DLBCL. miRNA has a great potential as that of DLBCL-related biomarkers, and because of the close link between the two, miRNA-based therapies are expected to lead to new treatment options for DLBCL patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 414-418, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of health education project on prevention and control of endemic diseases in Henan Province.Methods:According to the distribution and condition of endemic diseases in Henan Province, from 2008 to 2015, five project counties (cities, districts, referred to as counties) were selected in each provincial city. Three townships (towns) were selected from each project county as project townships (towns), and one central primary school and the village where the school was located were selected from each township (town) as health education survey sites. The prospective study method was adopted. Firstly, the students in the primary school of the project township (town) and the housewives in the project village were investigated with questionnaire. The intervention activities of health education were carried out in the county, township (town), village and school of the project. The intervention effect of health education was evaluated by questionnaire survey two months later.Results:There were 111 870 people investigated in Henan Province, including 74 580 students and 37 290 housewives. A total of 99 671 people were surveyed after the intervention, including 66 249 students and 33 422 housewives. Elementary student's awareness rate of endemic diseases prevention and control knowledge increased from 59.74% before intervention to 92.89% after intervention, the housewives' awareness rate increased from 65.62% before intervention to 91.82% after intervention. The awareness rate of the target population increased from 61.70% before intervention to 92.53% after intervention ( P < 0.01); among them, the awareness rates of iodine deficiency disorders, drinking water type fluorosis, coal-burning type fluorosis, drinking water type arsenic poisoning, Kashin-Beck disease and Keshan disease were significantly increased ( P < 0.01). Conclusion:With the implementation of health education project, the awareness rate of knowledge on endemic diseases has increased distinctly.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) and fat-free mass and analyze the relationship between them in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) during radiotherapy.Methods:A convenient sampling method was adopted to select HNC patients who received radiotherapy in the outpatient clinic of department of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer in a cancer hospital in Beijing from March 2017 to January 2020. The nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) were assessed by a nutrition impact symptoms checklist and the fat free mass was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis at three time points: before radiotherapy (T1), during radiotherapy (T2) and at the end of radiotherapy (T3). The Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) was used to analyze the relationship between them.Results:A total of 542 HNC patients were included in the analysis. During radiotherapy, the patients' NIS number and score presented an increasing trend, reaching the highest level and peaked at the end of radiotherapy. The change of fat-free mass showed a decreasing trend and reached the minimum at the end of radiotherapy. Patients with higher NIS scores had more percentage loss of fat-free mass.Conclusions:During radiotherapy, patients with HNC showed an increase in NIS score and lost fat-free mass. Patients with higher NIS score lost more percentage of fat-free mass, which suggested that clinical medical staff should pay attention to NIS management and take comprehensive intervention measures in time to reduce the loss of fat-free mass.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 502-506, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909041

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of health education on drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis in Henan Province.Methods:From 2008 to 2015, using prospective method and combining with the distribution of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis in Henan Province, 20-30 drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis counties (cities, districts, referred to as counties) were selected as project counties in Henan Province each year, and 3 townships (towns) were selected in each project county. School health educational activities on prevention and treatment of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis were carried out in the classes of grade 4-6 in one central primary school in each township (town); 3 administrative villages were selected in each township (town) to carry out community health education activities. Before and after the health education activities, questionnaire surveys on health education of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis prevention knowledge were conducted among 30-50 primary school students of grade 5 in the central primary school and 15-30 housewives in the school location in each township (town), to evaluate the effect of health education.Results:The baseline survey included 29 085 primary school students and 14 361 housewives. After the health intervention, 25 671 primary school students and 12 821 housewives were surveyed. The awareness rate of primary school students increased from 56.12% before the intervention to 92.40% after the intervention (χ 2=27 395.3, P < 0.01), and that of housewives increased from 62.62% before the intervention to 91.76% after the intervention (χ 2=9 560.8, P < 0.01). Conclusions:After implementation of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis health education intervention, the awareness rates of prevention and treatment knowledge in primary school students and housewives in Henan Province are significantly increased. It is suggested that the scope of health education should be further expanded.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907930

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a child with bronchial Dieulafoy disease treated in Wuhan Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, was analyzed retrospectively.The patient was a 9-month-old boy, who was admitted to hospital due to " intermittent hematemesis vomiting blood for 6 hours" . Chest CT suggested ground-glass opacity in both lungs.Electronic bronchoscopy showed that the neoplasm bulged into the lumen at the opening of the right inferior lobar bronchus, and fresh blood oozed from the basal segment of the neoplasm during the operation.Bronchial arteriography and transcatheter bronchial artery embolization were performed due to recurrent hemoptysis, during which the patient was diagnosed with bronchial arterial vascular malformation and finally diagnosed with bronchial Dieulafoy disease after consulting the relevant literatures.The disease is infrequent and characterized by rupture hemorrhage of bronchial submucosal malformed artery, the etiology and pathogenesis of which are still unclear, and it may be related to congenital vascular malformation in children.Bronchoscopy for hemoptysis of unknown cause in children should be performed with caution.If small and smooth protruded nodular lesions are seen under the bronchoscope, the bronchial Dieulafoy disease should be considered, and the lesions should not be touched too much or subjected to biopsy blindly.Fatal massive hemorrhage can be avoided by bronchial arteriography and bronchial artery embolization.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907416

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression and clinical significance of KIF20A in HER2-positive breast cancer.Methods:The clinicopathological characteristics of 82 cases of HER2-positive breast cancer were retrospectively analyzed. The expression of KIF20A in tissues was detected by immunohistochemical method, and the expression of KIF20A in HER2 overexpression breast cancer and its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. The mRNA level of KIF20A in HER2-positive breast cancer tissues and normal tissues adjacent to cancer were analyzed by bioinformatics methods.Results:The positive expression of KIF20A was in the nucleus, forming brown-yellow particles. In HER2-positive breast cancer tissues, the positive high expression rate of KIF20A is 57.3%, while it is mainly low or no expression in the adjacent tissues. The high expression of KIF20A is significantly correlated with tumor size and pTNM stage, while the correlation with age and tumor grade is not statistically significant. The results of bioinformatics analysis suggest that the high expression of KIF20A in invasive breast cancer is significantly related to poor disease-free survival.Conclusions:KIF20A is abnormally expressed in HER2-positive breast cancer, which is related to the tumor grade and pTNM stage of HER2 overexpression breast cancer, and the high expression of KIF20A indicates a poor prognosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888386

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese patient featuring cleidocranial dysplasia(CCD).@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the patient and his parents. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the patient, and suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#WES has identified a missense c.460G>T (p.Val154Phe) (GRCh37/hg19) variant of the RUNX2 gene. The variant was located in the Runt domain, a highly conserved region (PM1); it was not present in either the Genome Aggregation Database or the 1000 Genomes Project (PM2), and was predicted to have a deleterious effect on the gene product by multiple in silico prediction tools (PP3); the clinical phenotype of the patient was highly consistent with that of cleidocranial dysplasia (PP4). Furthermore, the variant was unreported in medical literature and was absent in both parents (PS2). Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines, the c.460 G>T variant of RUNX2 gene was predicted to be pathogenic (PS2+PM1+PM2+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.460G>T (p.Val154Phe) variant of the RUNX2 gene probably underlay the clinical phenotype in the patient. Above finding has enabled accurate diagnosis and expanded the spectrum of RUNX2 variants.


Subject(s)
China , Cleidocranial Dysplasia/genetics , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Whole Exome Sequencing
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of multi-disciplinary treatment (MDT) for reducing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections in intensive care unit(ICU).Methods:Patients admitted in the emergency ICU (EICU) and neurosurgical ICU (NICU) of the First People’s Hospital of Lianyungang during January 2018 to December 2019 were enrolled in the study, which was analyzed by historical control study. For patients admitted in 2018, the conventional method was adopted for prevention and control of drug-resistant bacteria (control group, n=1, 076), and for patients admitted in 2019, the MDT was adopted for the prevention and control of CRE (intervention group, n=1, 237). Chi-square test was used to compare the incidence rate of CRE infection, CRE detection rate, rate of rational antibiotic use and compliance with implementation of prevention and control measures between two groups. Results:Compared to control group, the incidence rate of CRE infection in EICU and NICU decreased from 3.45% (14/406) and 3.58% (24/670) to 1.65% (9/547) and 2.32% (16/690) in intervention group, respectively; while the detection rate of CRE decreased from 66.21% (96/145) and 57.72% (86/149) to 41.11% (51/124) and 33.06% (40/121), the pathogens were mainly carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP). The rational medication rate of carbapenem antibiotics was significantly increased from 65.00%(78/120) in 2018 to 92.73%(319/344) in 2019 ( χ2=55.382, P<0.05). In addition, the single room isolation rate, the rate of specialized nursing care, the cleaning and disinfection quality of bench surface and the special use rate of articles were also significantly improved( χ2=21.646, 18.116, 39.869 and 19.713, P<0.01). Conclusion:The establishment of multi-department collaborative management based on MDT can effectively improve the prevention and control effect of CRE in ICU and significantly reduce the prevalence of CRE infection.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869194

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of 18F-fluorodexyglucose (FDG) PET/CT combined with integrated contrast-enhanced CT on the diagnosis of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma(HEH). Methods:Six patients (2 males, 4 females, age: (41.0±5.6) years) histopathologically confirmed to be HEH in Qingdao Central Hospital between November 2013 and November 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT dual-phase imaging and three-phase dynamic enhanced scanning with integrated CT. Characteristics of 18F-FDG PET/CT and contrast-enhanced CT images were classified and analyzed. Results:All 6 patients had multi-lesions (30 lesions in total). The capsule retraction sign was found in 16.7% (5/30) lesions, target sign was found in 33.3% (10/30) lesions, and " lollipop sign" was found in 13.3% (4/30) lesions. There were three ways of enhancement showed by CT: mild progressive enhancement, delayed enhancement, and black target sign/white target sign in the portal phase. Among the 30 lesions, 66.7% (20/30) had higher 18F-FDG uptake than liver parenchyma, with maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) of 4.18±0.64 during routine imaging and 4.23±0.70 during delayed imaging, and the retention index was 0.65(-1.88, 4.60). The rest 33.3% (10/30) showed similar 18F-FDG uptake to liver parenchyma, with SUV max of 2.75±0.52 during routine imaging, and 2.78±0.55 during delayed imaging. The uptake of 18F-FDG increased with time in 22 lesions and decreased in 8 lesions. In the metabolically heterogeneous lesions, the relatively high-metabolization site was also the site with higher peak enhancement; in the lesions with uniform metabolism, the CT enhancement was also uniform. Bilateral pulmonary metastases were found in 2/6 patients. Conclusion:18F-FDG PET/CT dual-phase imaging combined with CT three-phase dynamic enhanced scanning is helpful in accurate diagnosis of HEH and could show extrahepatic metastases.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the main influencing factors of the impact of new nurses′ career transition shock in three years, and to provide theoretical basis for the clinical development of new nurses' vocational training and management strategy.Methods:By using the method of objective sampling, 386 new nurses in 5 first-class tertiary hospitals in Tianjin were selected as the research objects within three years. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE), Organizational Support Scale (OSS), the Transition Shock of Newly Graduated Nurses Scale (TSNGNS) and the self-designed general information questionnaire were used to analyse the main impact of new nurses' career transition shock in three years.Results:The total score was (85.76±25.14) points for 386 new nurses in three years; the scores of empathy ability and organizational support were (81.24±05.21) points and (45.74±12.51) points. The regression analysis showed that whether a new nurse loves her major, how long she has been engaged in nursing work, empathy, total score of empathy ability and emotional support are the main influencing factors for the impact of the new nurse ′s career transition shock in three years ( t values were 2.068, 2.324, 4.155, 2.137, 3.938, P<0.05). Conclusions:To strengthen the training and emotional support intervention for new nurses who have just been engaged in nursing work for 7-9 months, who have conflicts in nursing work and lack of empathy ability, so as to reduce the impact of their career transition shock.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics and experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of congenital tuberculosis.Methods:This study involved four infants with congenital tuberculosis diagnosed in Guangdong Women and Children Hospital from January 2010 to January 2020. Moreover, publications of 52 congenital tuberculosis cases from Chinese hospitals between January 1994 and January 2019 were retrieved from Wanfang Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and PubMed. Clinical data of all patients were retrospectively analyzed.Results:All four cases we reported here were preterm infants with the onset of the disease at 14-30 d after birth and received anti-tuberculosis treatment. The interval between disease onset and diagnosis was 1-34 d. One baby was cured, one was improved, while the other two died. The median age at the onset of the disease in these 56 cases (including the four we reported and 52 from literature) was 14.5 d (7.0-20.7 d) and the median interval between the onset and diagnosis was 10.5 d (7.5~22.0 d). Forty-eight (88.9%) out of the 54 mothers were suffered from active tuberculosis during the perinatal period, including 16 diagnosed before delivery. The main clinical symptoms in these neonates were fever (82.1%, 46/56), respiratory distress (69.6%, 39/56), drowsiness and/or irritation (57.1%, 32/56), cyanosis (53.6%, 30/56), feeding difficulties (53.6%, 30/56), hepatomegaly (48.2%, 27/56) and splenomegaly (41.1%, 23/56). The positive rates of acid-fast staining, culture and polymerase chain reaction detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum smears or gastric juice were all less than 33.3%, and the positive rate of spot test for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection was 7/12. Chest X-ray showed miliary nodules and diffused nodules-patchy in 37.0% (20/54) and 25.9% (14/54) of the patients, respectively. Abdominal ultrasonography found 52.4% (11/21) with hepatomegaly and/or splenomegaly and 47.6% (10/21) with multiple low-density nodules in liver and spleen. The misdiagnosis rate was 28.6% (16/56). The overall mortality rate was 51.8% (29/56). However, the figure was 28.9% (11/38) in infants with anti-tuberculosis treatment and 18/18 in those without. Conclusions:Nonspecific clinical manifestations of congenital tuberculosis, together with low detection rate through laboratory tests, may lead to a higher rate of misdiagnosis and mortality. Therefore, a comprehensive assessment of the mothers of infants with suspected congenital tuberculosis is necessitated. Diagnosis and effective anti-tuberculosis treatment as early as possible are essential to improve the prognosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879484

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical phenotype and pathogenic variants in a Chinese pedigree affected with Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from five members, including two affected ones, from the pedigree for the extraction of genomic DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out, and candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing as well as reverse transcription sequencing at the RNA level.@*RESULTS@#The proband and another affected child from the pedigree showed mental retardation, dyskinesia, microcephaly, micrognathia, anteverted nares, and 2/3 toe syndactyly. The proband also had hypospadia, single upper incisor, and lower serum cholesterol level. Both children were found to harbor a paternally derived c.278C>T (p.T93M) variant and a maternally derived c.907G>A (p.G303R) variant of the DHCR7 gene. Both were known pathogenic mutations.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous mutations of c.278C>T (p.T93M) and c.907G>A (p.G303R) of the DHCR7 gene probably underlay the disease in this pedigree. Above finding has enabled early diagnosis and treatment of Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome.


Subject(s)
Child , Genetic Testing , Humans , Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors/genetics , Pedigree , Phenotype , Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome/genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753884

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the characteristics of dysphagia in patients with head and neck cancer during radiotherapy,and analyze the cause of dysphagia and the relationship between dysphagia and weight change.Methods Patients with head and neck cancer treated with radiotherapy in Beijing Cancer Hospital from November 2017 to June 2018 were recruited.The M.D.Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) was used to assess the dysphagia of patients before (T1),during (T2) and at the end (T3) of the radiotherapy.Meanwhile,the weight,dietary intake and radiation adverse effects were investigated.Generalized estimating equations were used to analyze the impact factors of dysphagia and the relationship among dysphagia,dietary intake and weight change.Results Ninety-six patients were completely investigated and the incidence of dysphagia were 6.3% (6/ 96),80.2% (77/96) and 85.4% (82/96) in T1,T2 and T3.With the progress of radiotherapy,the total score and the scores of 4 dimensions of MDADI dropped and the dietary intake declined.The average weight loss was (5.09±3.31) kg,and 76.1% of the patients had weight loss over 5% at the end of radiotherapy.The occurrence of dysphagia was associated with the radiotherapy-related oral and laryngeal mucositis and the weight loss was closely associated with the site of radiation,dysphagia,and dietary intake decline.Conclusions The dysphagia of patients with head and neck cancer is affected by radiation adverse effects,and is most severe at the end of radiotherapy.Dysphagia might result in dietary intake decline and weight loss.Clinicians should pay close attention to the swallowing function of the patients and take measures earlier accordingly.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 176-182, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816716

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish the elimination method of outliers based on Grubbs rule and MATLAB language, and to evaluate the effects of it on drug bitterness evaluation. METHODS: Referring to Grubbs rule, the automatic cyclic outliers elimination method based on MATLAB language was established. Totally 20 volunteers were included in single oral taste test (Tetrapanax papyrifer) and multiple oral taste test (10 kinds of medicinal material as T. papyrifer, Changium smyrnioides, Poria cocos, etc.). Seven sensors were selected for electronic tongue test (Clematis armandii). The data of bitterness evaluation in above tests (oral taste test as bitterness value, electronic tongue test as response value of sensors) were used as the data source. Five researchers were selected and adopted table-by-table elimination method based on Grubbs rule (method one), Excel software elimination method based on Grubbs rule (method two) and automatic cyclic outliers elimination method based on Grubbs rule and MATLAB language (method three) to judge and eliminate the outliers. The effects of above three methods were evaluated with the removal time and error rate of outliers as indexes. RESULTS: There were two outliers in the data of bitterness evaluation in single oral taste test; the elimination time of the three methods were(745.400 0±25.904 4),(288.333 3±31.253 1)and(0.000 3±0.000 0)s, respectively; error rates were 20.0%, 0 and 0, respectively. There were six outliers in the data of bitterness evaluation in multiple oral taste test; the elimination time of three methods were (3 693.107 7±75.023 3), (1 494.761 4±53.826 9), (0.005 2±0.000 0)s, respectively; error rates were 10.0%, 4.0%, 0, respectively. There were three outliers in the data of bitterness evaluation in electronic tongue test; the elimination time of three methods were (2 992.673 3±84.117 6), (1 276.367 1±55.024 5), (0.002 3±0.000 0)s, respectively; error rates were 5.7%, 2.9%, 0, respectively. The elimination results of the three methods were consistent. The elimination time of method two was significantly shorter than that of method one (P<0.01); the elimination time of method three was significantly shorter than those of method one and method two (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in error rate of 3 methods (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The automatic cyclic elimination method of outliers based on Grubbs rule and MATLAB language can significantly shorten the elimination time of outliers in data of drug bitterness evaluation, improve the efficiency of data processing, and is suitable for drug bitterness evaluation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742731

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of atorvastatin on the natural antisense transcription of apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1-NAT) in the HepG2cells and its influence in the expressions of lipid metabolism related genes.Methods:The HepG2cells were intervened with different concentrations (0, 1, 10and 100nmol·L-1) of atorvastatin, and the 0nmol·L-1 atorvastatin group was used as control group.The total RNA of HepG2cells in various groups were extracted at different time points (6, 12, 24, and 48h) .The mRNA expression levels of lipid metabolism-related genes and apoA1-NAT expression levels were detected by Real-Time PCR method.Results:The morphology of HepG2 cells in 1and 10nmol·L-1 atorvastain groups was normal.Compared with 6h, the expression levels of apoA1-NAT in the HepG2cells in 10nmol·L-1 atorvastatin group at 12, 24and 48hwere significantly decreased (P<0.01) in a time-dependent manner.Under the same condition, the expression level of apoA1mRNA in the HepG2cells at 48hwas increased significantly compared with 6h (P<0.01) .Compared with control group, the expression levels of low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) in the HepG2 cells in100nmol·L-1 atorvastatin group, scavenger receptor-class B type 1 (SRB1) in 10nmol·L-1 atorvastatin group and ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) in 1and 10nmol·L-1 atorvastatin groups were increased (P<0.01) in different degrees.Conclusion:Atorvastatin can promote the expressions of lipid metabolism-related genes by inhibiting the expression of apoA1-NAT, and promote the process of reverse cholesterol transport.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 126-129, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744265

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the iodine nutritional status among children aged 8-10 years old in Henan Province after five years of implementation of new standard iodized salt,and to provide evidence for scientific adjustment of control strategy.Methods In 2017,according to "Henan Surveillance Program on Iodine Deficiency Disorders",children aged 8-10 years old (half males and half females) were chosen as research targets.In nonhigh iodine areas of 156 non-high iodine counties (cities,districts) and high iodine counties (cities,districts) in Henan Province,household salt samples were collected;in 113 counties (cities,districts),urine samples were collected;in 67 counties (cities,districts),thyroid volume was measured.Salt iodine was tested by direction titration,the salt samples from Sichuan and other enhanced salt samples were tested by the arbitration method;urinary iodine was tested by arsenic cerium catalytic spectrophometry;thyroid volume was measured by ultrasound method.Results In 2017,totally 31 174 household salt samples of 8-10 years old children were collected and tested,the median of salt iodine was 25.8 mg/kg;the coverage rate of iodized salt was 95.0% (29 613/31 174) and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 85.6% (26 673/31 174).Totally 22 442 urine samples were collected and the median of urinary iodine content was 208.0 μg/L.Totally 13 439 school children were examined thyroid volume and the goiter rate.was 1.5% (196/13 439).Conclusions After the promotion of new standard iodized salt,the iodine nutritional status of children aged 8-10 years old in Henan Province is appropriate.However,the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt is lower,so the universal salt iodization prevention and control strategies should be performed for a long time.At the same time,health education of iodine deficiency knowledge should be strengthened.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 458-461, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805485

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of extensively myxoid and hyalinized sinonasal capillary hemangioma (EMH-SNCH).@*Methods@#Three cases of EMH-SNCH were collected from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2014 to December 2017. The clinical features, histomorphologic changes and immunohistochemical findings were analyzed and the relevant literature was reviewed.@*Results@#All three patients were elderly men aged 65, 51 and 80 years, respectively. Clinically, all cases presented with nasal congestion with repeated epistasis. The maximum diameters of the tumors were 2.0, 3.5 and 1.8 cm respectively. Microscopically, the lesions consisted of randomly distributed, diffusely proliferating capillary-like blood vessels within a loose interstitium with extensive myxoid and hyalinized degeneration. Myxoid and hyalinized regions occupied the vast majority of tumors, ranging from 80% to 95%. Scattered staghorn-shaped branching blood vessels were seen in the tumor, some of which were distended by thrombi. In the deep part of the lesion, capillary clusters rich in endothelial cells with focal lobular arrangement were observed. Immunohistochemically, the vascular endothelial cells expressed CD31, CD34 and ERG diffusely and β-catenin at the membrane, and the pericytes surrounding the capillaries expressed SMA. All three patients were followed up for 16 to 46 months, and no tumor recurrence was observed.@*Conclusions@#EMH-SNCH is a rare subtype of capillary hemangioma of the sinonasal cavity. It is biologically benign and its histological differential diagnosis spectrum is broad. Careful morphologic observation combined with immunohistochemical staining can help its diagnosis and differential diagnosis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802940

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the predictive value of lactate/albumin(L/A) ratio in neonatal infants with septic shock.@*Methods@#The data of 185 neonatal infants with sepsis from January to December 2017 were retrospective analyzed in Guangdong Women and Children Hospital.The data were divided into low level of L/A group(L/A<0.1), medium level of L/A group(0.1≤L/A<0.2) and high level of L/A group(L/A≥0.2)according to L/A ratio level within 24 hours of sepsis.The clinical features, related laboratory indications and prognosis among the 3 groups were compared.Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the effects of various factors on the occurrence of neonatal septic shock.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the early predictive va-lue of related indicators for neonatal septic shock.@*Results@#A total of 185 neonatal infants with sepsis were collected.There were 88 cases in low level of L/A group, 64 cases in medium level of L/A group and 33 cases in high level of L/A group.There were no significant difference in gender, gestational age, birth weight, 1 and 5-minute Apgar scores, small for gestational age, use of pulmonary surfactant, maternal preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, maternal fever and severe meconium stained (all P>0.05). There were no statistical differences among three groups in C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, neutrophil count and proportion, leucine count and proportion and platelet count(all P>0.05). Compared with low and medium level of L/A groups, the high level of L/A group had higher proportion of cesarean section, higher procalcitonin and lactate, severe intracranial hemorrhage, periventricular leucomalacia, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septic shock and the dead; low level of L/A group had higher proportion of maternal premature rupture of membranes>24 hours, albumin, pH or base excess(BE), and there were statistically significant differences in all of those(all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that hypoalbuminemia, hyperlacticemia, decreased pH and L/A≥0.1 were independent predictors for neonatal septic shock.L/A more than 0.114 within 24 hours was associated with neonatal septic shock, with a sensitivity of 76.90% and specificity of 81.30%.@*Conclusions@#The increased of L/A within 24 hours of sepsis can be used as an independent risk factor for predicting septic shock in neonatal infants.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801424

ABSTRACT

Iodine nutrition surveillance of vulnerable population was conducted in 18 cities of Henan Province in 2015. The medians and quartiles of urinary iodine concentration in women of reproductive-age (n=3 318), pregnant women (n=36 366), lactating women (n=4 153), infants <2 years of age (n=1 017), and children aged 8-10 years (n=4 806) were 202.1(124.0, 310.0), 192.4(133.6, 262.4), 168.3(119.1, 248.3), 214.2(156.1, 272.3) and 90.0 (121.8, 285.6) μg/L, respectively. Iodine status of the vulnerable populations was generally regarded as adequate in Henan Province. But the median of urinary iodine concentration of reproductive-age women were slightly above the adequate level. The proportions above iodine adequate level were 26.7% in reproductive-age women, 29.4% in pregnant women and 22.5% in children aged 8-10 years.

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