Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 196-202, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016479

ABSTRACT

Due to the difference between the system of weights and measures, and the dosage of clinical prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine in various historical periods, the dosage and conversion standard of prescriptions in past dynasties are different. Therefore, when discounting the dosage of famous classical formulas, the principles of inheriting the essence, making the past serve the present, linking the past and the present, and forming a consensus should be followed, firstly, the dosage of the prescription was converted according to the weights and measures system of the past dynasties. If the converted dosage significantly exceeds the provisions of the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, then on the premise of ensuring that the proportion of the original prescription drug dosage remains unchanged, the conversion shall be based on expert consensus and drug safety evaluation. For drugs measured in non-standard units, a conversion range is provided based on comprehensive literature analysis and physical measurements. For the conversion of service volume, the original text was used as the basis for the conversion with reference to the measurement standards of different eras. If the original dosage is not clear, the converted dosage will be determined based on the historical evolution of the formula, referring to relevant ancient books, and combining modern applications. Eventually, the converting standard for famous classical formulas was determined as follows:during the Han and Tang dynasties, one Liang(两) was equivalent to 13.8 g and one Sheng(升) was equivalent to 200 mL, in the Tang dynasty, one Fen(分) was equivalent to 3.45 g, during the Song, Jin and Yuan dynasties, one Qian(钱) was equivalent to 4.13 g and one Zhan(盏) was equivalent to 300 mL, during the Ming and Qing dynasties, one Qian(钱) was equivalent to 3.73 g, and one Bei(杯) and one Zhong(盅) were equivalent to 200 mL. For drugs recorded in non-standard units of measurement, it is necessary to conduct actual measurements to determine their conversion standards based on comprehensive analysis to determine their origin. If necessary, different records of the dosage of drugs with the same or similar efficacy and indications in medical books of similar ages can be used to assist in determining the conversion standards. The analysis of the principle of dosage conversion for Chinese medicine is helpful for the clinical application and development of famous classical formulas.

2.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 328-333, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300785

ABSTRACT

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) plays an important role in the process of reproduction. Studies have shown that a family of peptides Kisspeptin can act on GnRH-related neurons, stimulating the secretion of GnRH, and activating the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Both animal experiments and clinical studies have shown that exogenous administration of Kisspeptin is able to induce physiological GnRH release in healthy individuals and those with endocrine-disorders, which brings great hope for treatment of reproductive endocrine diseases. The effect of Kisspeptin is similar to the physiological process in induction of ovulation and ovum maturation, leading to high security and efficiency for women receivingfertilization. Kisspeptin is involved in trophoblast invasion, so it may be useful for predicting pregnancy outcomes. In addition, Kisspeptin is the key hormone in the onset of puberty acting as a signal transducer in metabolism and reproduction, so it provides some directions for studies of polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperprolactinemia, and other metabolic-related reproductive endocrine diseases. This article reviews the character of Kisspeptin and the prospect of its application in treatment of reproductive endocrine diseases.

3.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 160-165, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486870

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors and predictive model for the occurrence of post-sustained virologic response (SVR)hepatocellular carcinoma in chronic hepatitis C (CHC)patients. Methods A total of 203 CHC patients hospitalized at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2006 to December 2014 who received antiviral therapy and achieved SVR were collected,including 11 post-SVR HCC cases.Risk factors for post-SVR HCC were estimated by Cox′s proportional hazards regression model.Cutoff value predicting risk of post-SVR HCC was determined by receiver operating characteristic curve.Results In Cox′s model,the risk of post-SVR HCC increased by 9.4-fold in patients with initial diagnosis as compensated cirrhosis compared to those with initial diagnosis as CHC.Increase in post-SVR albumin by per 1 g/L was associated with reduced risk by 20% for the occurrence of post-SVR HCC.Cut-off value of post-SVR albumin for the prediction of HCC was determined as ≤ 36.0 g/L with an area under the curve (AUC)of 0.809.A predictive model for post-SVR HCC was created based on initial diagnosis as compensated cirrhosis and post-SVR albumin ≤36.0 g/L with an AUC of 0.871 .The sensitivity,specificity and negative predictive value of the model were 0. 818,0.896 and 0.989,respectively.Conclusions Initial diagnosis as compensated cirrhosis combines with post-SVR albumin ≤36.0 g/L are risk factors for post-SVR HCC with ideal prediction value for the occurrence of post-SVR HCC in CHC patients.

4.
Journal of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University ; (6): 459-461, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493744

ABSTRACT

Objective] To further investigate the academic thoughts and the aspects of clinical treatments of Lu Yuanlei focused on hemorrhage syndrome. [Methods]According to study straightly the compilation of medical records of Lu Yuanlei and his academic works, the scientific explanation toward the therapeutic methods for hemorrhage syndrome and especially both the theoretical thoughts and the clinical experience of hemoptysis and hematochezia are discussed and concluded. [Results] Lu Yuanlei concluded the three major principles of healing hemorrhage syndrome. To emphasize the importance of patients with sufficient healthy qi inside as well as to make well use of Bupleurum based on syndrome differentiation in the clinical treatments. In addition, with the caution of stopping bleeding without blood stagnation, from our survey, there are three frequently used pairs of drugs specialized for hemostasis in the medical records of Lu Yuanlei. Furthermore, Lu Yuanlei demonstrated three distinguished opinions in the examination of enterorrhagia , to apply Huang Tu Decoction deliberately for the clinical treatment of hematochezia. [Conclusion] The valuable academic inspiration and clinical treatments of hemorrhage syndrome proposed by Lu Yuanlei can be meditated and preached. Besides, his academic viewpoints of scientific connotation of TCM are obviously prominent in the contents.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 999-1001, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940268

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the functioning of outpatients with chronic diseases. Methods 61 outpatients were investigated with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHO-DAS 2.0) Chinese version. Results All the outpatients expressed slight barriers in fields of understanding and communicating, moving and getting around, self-care, interacting with other people, domestic responsibilities, and joining in community activities. The outpatients with musculoskeletal and cutaneous diseases were more difficult in interacting with other people than other patients (P<0.05). Conclusion There are slight barriers in the outpatients with chronic diseases in activities and participations, which may be various with the diseases.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 999-1001, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479136

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the functioning of outpatients with chronic diseases. Methods 61 outpatients were investigated with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHO-DAS 2.0) Chinese version. Results All the outpatients ex-pressed slight barriers in fields of understanding and communicating, moving and getting around, self-care, interacting with other people, do-mestic responsibilities, and joining in community activities. The outpatients with musculoskeletal and cutaneous diseases were more diffi-cult in interacting with other people than other patients (P<0.05). Conclusion There are slight barriers in the outpatients with chronic diseas-es in activities and participations, which may be various with the diseases.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 980-982, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438991

ABSTRACT

The individual intervention control of risk factors in high-risk population is one of key preventive measures of chronic disease.A total of 312 volunteers consulted physicians in one selected community.And 23 high-risk individuals of chronic disease were screened.The physicians customized the limit or requirement of diet,activity,tobacco and alcohol for each individual and made interventions of life behaviors according to the plans.The results showed that physical state of 20 (87%) of them converted from high-risk to health after interventions.Therefore customized control plan of individual risk factors is an effective control method of chronic disease.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL