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1.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1175-1180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006468

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the characteristics, viral load and immunological status of HIV-infected persons and their spouses who became HIV-positive, and the reasons for HIV seroconversion in 55 HIV discordant couples in Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (Dehong Prefecture), Yunan Province. MethodsData on the 55 couples meeting the criteria of having a previously positive spouse were retrieved from the AIDS Integrated Prevention and Control Data Information System of the China Disease Control and Prevention Information System during 2015-2021. General socio-demographic information, age at diagnosis, exposure history, CD4+T lymphocyte count, and antiviral treatment were collected. Descriptive analysis and chi-square test were used to compare the distribution of pre-HIV-positive spouses and their HIV seroconverted spouses. ResultsA total of 55 spouses from HIV discordant couples had HIV seroconversion. Of them, 72.7% (40/55) of pre-HIV-positive spouses were husbands. The most recent CD4+T lymphocyte count in the pre-HIV-positive spouses was (328.31±246.27) cells·μL-1 at the time of diagnosis of their seroconverted spouses, of which 36.3% (20/55) had a CD4+T lymphocyte count of less than 200 cells·μL-1. Furthermore, of those pre-HIV-positive spouses with low CD4+T lymphocyte count, 45.0% (9/20) had an undetectable viral load, 15.0% (3/20) <400 copies·mL-1, and 25.0%(5/20) ≥400 copies·mL-1. Additionally, 16.4% (9/55) of the pre-HIV-positive spouses did not have a viral load test. The main reasons for HIV seroconversion among HIV-negative spouses in the discordant couples were poor condom use, poor compliance with antiviral therapy, and treatment discontinuation. ConclusionThe follow-up management of HIV discordant couples should be strengthened in Dehong Prefecture, especially the monitoring of viral load levels and immunological status of pre-HIV-positive spouses, to improve their compliance with antiviral therapy and reduce treatment discontinuation, which would effectively prevent and control HIV transmission between spouses.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 564-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between hippocampal macrophage polarization and perioperative neurocognitive disorders in mice with tibial fractures.Methods:Forty-five clean-grade healthy male C57/BL6 mice, aged 5-7 months, were divided into 3 groups ( n=15 each) using the random number table method: control group (group C), anesthesia group (group A) and anesthesia surgery group (group AS). Group C received no treatment. Group A was anesthetized with isoflurane inhaled for 15 min. In AS group, intramedullary nail fixation of tibial fracture was performed under anesthesia through inhalation of 2% isoflurane. Morris water maze test and open field test were performed before anesthesia/on 1 day before surgery and after anesthesia/on 1, 3 and 7 days after operation. Five mice were randomly selected after the behavioral experiments were completed at each time point, and hippocampal tissues were taken after the animals were sacrificed for determination of the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), IL-6, chemokine (c-c motif) ligand 12 (CCL2), CCL5, CCL8, iNOS and Arg-1 mRNA (by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction), expression of iNOS and Arg-1 proteins (by Western blot), and percentage of CD11b, CD45, CD86 and CD206 cells in hippcampal area (by immunofluorescence staining). Results:Compared with group C, the escape latency was significantly prolonged after operation, the number of crossing the platform was reduced after operation, the expression of TNF-ɑ, IL-6, CCL5 and CCL8 mRNA and iNOS protein and mRNA was up-regulated, the expression of Arg-1 protein and mRNA was down-regulated, the percentages of CD11b + CD45 + cells and CD11b + CD86 + cells in the hippocampus were increased, and the percentages of CD11b + CD206 + cells were decreased in AS group ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group A ( P>0.05). Compared with group A, the escape latency was significantly prolonged after surgery, the frequency of crossing the platform was reduced after surgery, the expression of iNOS mRNA was up-regulated, the percentages of CD11b + CD45 + cells and CD11b + CD86 + cells were increased, and the percentages of CD11b + CD206 + cells were decreased in AS group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The occurrence of PND may be related to increased polarization to M1 macrophages in the hippocampus and decreased polarization to M2 macrophages in mice with tibial fracture, which further leads to central inflammatory responses.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1218-1222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010929

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical rules based on the big data of the emergency department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, and to establish an integrated platform for clinical research in emergency, which was finally applied to clinical practice.@*METHODS@#Based on the hospital information system (HIS), laboratory information system (LIS), emergency specialty system, picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) and electronic medical record system of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, the structural and unstructured information of patients in the emergency department from March 2019 to April 2022 was extracted. By means of extraction and fusion, normalization and desensitization quality control, the database was established. In addition, data were extracted from the database for adult patients with pre screening triage level III and below who underwent emergency visits from March 2019 to April 2022, such as demographic characteristics, vital signs during pre screening triage, diagnosis and treatment characteristics, diagnosis and grading, time indicators, and outcome indicators, independent risk factors for poor prognosis in patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#(1) The data of 338 681 patients in the emergency department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from March 2019 to April 2022 were extracted, including 15 modules, such as demographic information, triage information, visit information, green pass and rescue information, diagnosis information, medical record information, laboratory examination overview, laboratory information, examination information, microbiological information, medication information, treatment information, hospitalization information, chest pain management and stroke management. The database ensured data visualization and operability. (2) Total 140 868 patients with pre-examination and triage level III and below were recruited from the emergency department database. The gender, age, type of admission to the hospital, pulse, blood pressure, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) and other indicators of the patients were included. Taking emergency admission to operating room, emergency admission to intervention room, emergency admission to intensive care unit (ICU) or emergency death as poor prognosis, the poor prognosis prediction model for patients with pre-examination and triage level III and below was constructed. The receiver operator characteristic curve and forest map results showed that the model had good predictive efficiency and could be used in clinical practice to reduce the risk of insufficient emergency pre-examination and triage.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The establishment of high-quality clinical database based on big data in emergency department is conducive to mining the clinical value of big data, assisting clinical decision-making, and improving the quality of clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Big Data , Emergency Service, Hospital , Triage/methods , Intensive Care Units , Hospitalization , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 351-353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991319

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the employment directions of full-time health management postgraduates in a scientific research institute in Beijing in recent five years and put forward relevant suggestions.Methods:Taking full-time masters of health management from 2015 to 2019 as the research objects, descriptive analysis was used to analyze the distribution of graduates' employment, and chi-square test was used to compare different training types and genders.Results:The employment rate remained at a high level of 100.0%, and there was no significant difference in the employment direction of the professional master and academic master. Hospitals and medical and health institutions were the main choices, and the trend was increasing in recent years. The employment direction of the graduates with different genders was significantly different due to the influence of income and stability.Conclusion:We should improve the professional training program, reflect the professional characteristics and advantages, strengthen the education of graduate career planning, and guide and help graduate employment.

5.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 229-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976248

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the prevalence of HCV antibody positive and associated factors among drug users in Dehong Prefecture, Yunnan, and to provide scientific evidence for HCV prevention. MethodsQuestionnaire surveys and serological testing were conducted among 400 drug users continuously selected from four national AIDS sentinel surveillance in Dehong Prefecture between January and July during 2014‒2021. Results11 683 drug users were included. The prevalence of HCV antibody positive was 20.2% overall, and 14.9%, 20.1%, 22.4%, 19.8%, 22.5%, 20.6%, 24.5%, 19.0% from 2014 to 2021, respectively (trend Z=-3.78, P<0.001). Multivariable analysis indicated the following were independently associated with HCV antibody positive: that older age (OR=1.02, 95%CI: 1.02‒1.03), male (OR=1.70, 95%CI: 1.19‒2.42), unmarried (OR=1.64, 95%CI: 1.44‒1.87), divorced or widowed (OR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.48‒2.02), Jingpo ethnicity (OR=1.39, 95%CI: 1.19‒1.63), injection drug use (OR=15.46, 95%CI: 13.13‒18.12), and HIV infection(OR=4.96, 95%CI:4.12‒5.99). ConclusionThe prevalence of HCV antibody positive among drug users in Dehong Prefecture is high and increases with some fluctuations during 2014 to 2021, which highlights the need to develop interventions targeting this population.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1096-1098, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957783

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate efficacy and advantages of combined local flaps in repairing large defects in patients with nasal and perinasal non-melanoma skin cancers after Mohs micrographic surgery.Methods:From March 2018 to November 2020, 11 patients with nasal and perinasal non-melanoma skin cancers, who underwent Mohs micrographic surgery followed by repair with combined local flaps, were collected from Department of Dermatology, the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University. According to the location and size of postoperative defects, flaps were designed based on the nasal aesthetic subunit principle. For large defects that could not be directly sutured or covered by a single local flap, 2 or 3 kinds of flaps were applied in combination, such as kite flap, modified diamond flap, nasolabial skin flap, bilobed skin flap, etc.Results:Among the 11 patients, 10 were diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma and 1 with squamous cell carcinoma, and the area of defects ranged from 2.0 cm × 2.3 cm to 2.7 cm × 3.6 cm. After Mohs micrographic surgery combined with local skin flap repair, all skin flaps survived well without blood supply obstruction, the texture, color and contour of the skin flaps were similar to those of the surrounding normal skin, and no obvious scars were formed. During the postoperative follow-up of 4 to 32 months, no recurrence of the tumors occurred, and the patients was satisfied with the appearance.Conclusion:To repair large defects using combined skin flaps of 2 or 3 kinds after Mohs micrographic surgery in patients with nasal and perinasal non-melanoma skin cancers can maintain the normal nasal or perinasal morphological structure and aesthetic appearance, and yield a satisfactory cosmetic effect.

7.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 496-504, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and influencing factors in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients with long-term combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART).Methods:The baseline data from the multi-center prospective cohort of HIV/AIDS patients who received long-term cART from 2018 to 2020 were collected. cART-naive HIV/AIDS patients were matched by age and gender using the propensity score matching (PSM) as controls. Data collection adverse events of anti-human immunodeficiency virus drugs reduced model (D: A: D[R]) score, Framingham risk score (FRS) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score were used to assess the 10-year CVD risk in patients with long-term cART treatment and in cART-naive patients. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the risk factors related to high 10-year CVD risk.Results:A total of 301 HIV/AIDS patients received long-term cART and 300 cART-naive HIV/AIDS patients were included, with an average age of 39.8 years old. There were 490 male accounting for 81.5%. Based on the D: A: D [R] score, 4.3%(13/301) of patients in the long-term cART group had a 10-year CVD risk assessment of ≥10%, and 6.3%(19/300) of patients in the cART-naive group. Based on the FRS, 13.4%(36/269) of patients in the long-term cART group had a 10-year CVD risk assessment of ≥10%, and 10.6%(28/264) in the cART-naive group. Based on the ASCVD risk score, 10.4%(14/135) of patients in the long-term cART group had a 10-year CVD risk assessment of ≥7.5%, and 13.8%(17/123) in the cART-naive group. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of high 10-years CVD risk between the long-term cART group and the cART-naive group assessed by any of risk equations (all P>0.050). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, the risk factors associated with 10-year CVD risk ≥10% assessed by D: A: D[R] model were age≥50 years, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and CD4 + T lymphocyte count <200×10 6 cells/L (adjusted odds ratio ( AOR)=697.48, 4 622.28, 23.11, 25.95, 27.72 and 18.25, respectively, all P<0.010). The risk factors associated with 10-year CVD risk ≥10% assessed by FRS were age≥50 years, male, smoking, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia ( AOR=53.51, 4.52, 36.93, 36.77, 6.15 and 3.84, respectively, all P<0.050). The risk factors associated with 10-year CVD risk ≥7.5% assessed by ASCVD risk score were age≥50 years, male, smoking, hypertension, diabetes ( AOR=18.48, 14.11, 14.81, 13.42 and 12.41, respectively, all P<0.050). Conclusions:Long-term cART has no significant effect on the 10-year CVD risk in HIV/AIDS patients. Higher CVD risk in HIV/AIDS patients are mainly associated with CD4 + T lymphocyte counts<200×10 6 cells/L and traditional CVD risk factors, including age≥50 years old, smoking, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia.

8.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1153-1158, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954538

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) and autoregressive (AR) models in predicting the daily number of ambulances in prehospital emergency medical services demand in Guangzhou.Methods:Matlab simulation software was used to analyze the emergency dispatching departure records in Guangzhou from January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021. A time series for the number of ambulances per day was calculated. After identifying the time series prediction model, ARIMA(1,1,1), AR(4) and AR(7) models were obtained. These models were used to predict the number of ambulances per day. ARIMA(1,1,1) model divided the time series into the training set and test set. Prony method was used for parameter calculation, and the demands of number of ambulances of the next few months were forecasted. AR(4) and AR(7) models used uniformity coefficient to forecast the demands of number of ambulances on that very day.Results:ARIMA(1,1,1), AR(4) and AR(7) can effectively predict the number of ambulances per day. The prediction fitting error of ARIMA (1,1,1) decreased with the extension of prediction time. The mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) of forecast results of daily vehicle output of emergency dispatching within two months was less than 6% and the predicted results were almost within the 95% confidence interval. The residual analysis of the model verified that the model was significantly effective.Conclusions:ARIMA model can make a long-term within two months and effective prediction fitting of the daily vehicle output of emergency dispatching, and AR model can make a short-term and effective prediction of the daily vehicle output of emergency dispatching.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 145-151, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence of carotid artery abnormalities in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients and the related risk factors affecting the occurrence of carotid artery abnormalities.Methods:A total of 169 regular follow-up outpatients with HIV/AIDS from April 2003 to December 2019 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, whose carotid artery ultrasound examination were performed from July 2015 to December 2019 were included. The patients were divided into young (≤44 years old), middle-aged and elderly (≥45 years old) according to their ages, and the physical examination data of the included patients were collected.The statistical methods were logistic regression analysis and single sample t test. Results:Among the 169 HIV/AIDS patients, 40(23.7%) had abnormal carotid artery and 129(76.3%) had no abnormal carotid artery. Middle-aged and elderly people (odds ratio ( OR)=3.85, 95%confidence interval (95% CI) 1.54-9.65, P<0.01), hypertension ( OR=6.24, 95% CI 1.95-20.00, P<0.01), hyperlipidemia ( OR=2.44, 95% CI 1.00-5.93, P<0.05), and elevated human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR + CD8 + /CD8 + ( OR=1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.06, P<0.05) were the risk factors for carotid artery abnormality. The common carotid artery inner medium film thickness (IMT) of patients in HIV/AIDS group Ⅰ (20 to 30 years old), group Ⅱ (31 to 40 years old), group Ⅲ (41 to 50 years old) were (0.061 0±0.001 2), (0.062 9±0.001 4) and (0.065 6±0.002 6) cm, respectively, which were thicker than the control groups ((0.051±0.003), (0.056±0.004) and (0.063±0.002) cm, respectively). The differences were all statistically significant ( t=5.119, 4.775 and 1.739, respectively, all P<0.05). The common carotid artery IMT of patients in HIV/AIDS group A (30 to 44 years old) and group B (45 to 59 years old) were (0.062 6±0.001 1) and (0.072 3±0.003 4) cm, respectively, which were thicker than the control groups ((0.052±0.011) and (0.064±0.015) cm, respectively), the differences were both statistically significant ( t=9.520 and 3.012, respectively, both P<0.01). Conclusion:Younger HIV-positive people have a higher probability of abnormal carotid arteries and may be at greater risk of cardiovascular disease than HIV-negative people of the same age, suggesting that HIV-positive people, especially young people, should be examined early with ultrasound of the neck arteries to detect abnormalities and intervene as soon as possible.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 427-432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883901

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the sepsis related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and mRNA expression profiles based on Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets and bioinformatic analysis, and to analyze the sepsis-associated competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network based on microRNA (miRNA) database.Methods:The sepsis-related lncRNA dataset was downloaded from the GEO database, and the differential expression analysis was conducted by Bioconductor on the sepsis dataset to obtain differentially expressed lncRNA (DElncRNA) and differentially expressed mRNA (DEmRNA), and cluster heat map was drawn. miRNA combined with DElncRNA were predicted by miRcode. mRNA targeted by miRNA was simultaneously met by three databases: TargetScan, miRDB, and mirTarBase. The interaction relationship of lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA was obtained. The regulatory network visualization software CytoScape was used to draw ceRNA networks. DEmRNA in the ceRNA networks were imported into the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes Database (STRING) online database to draw the protein-protein interaction (PPI) map. The gene ontology (GO) function annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of DEmRNA were performed.Results:Dataset GSE89376 and GSE145227 were found from GEO database. Difference analysis showed there were 14 DElncRNA and 359 DEmRNA in the elderly group of GSE89376; 8 DElncRNA and 153 DEmRNA in the adult group of GSE89376; 1 232 DElncRNA and 1 224 DEmRNA in the children group of GSE145227. Clustering heatmap showed that there were significant differences in the expression of lncRNA and mRNA between the sepsis group and the control group. The ceRNA networks were constructed with miRNA. Several DElncRNA and multiple DEmRNA participated in the ceRNA network of sepsis. The PPI diagram demonstrated that several genes encoding proteins interacted with each other and form a multi-node interaction network with multiple genes encoding proteins. Functional annotation and enrichment analysis demonstrated that there might be a crosstalk mechanism on functionally related genes such as nuclear receptor activity, ligand-activated transcription factor activity, and steroid hormone receptor activity, and played a role in the occurrence and development of diseases through forkhead box transcription factor O (FoxO) signaling pathway, Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, and phosphateidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway.Conclusion:Through sepsis-related lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA network and combining with KEGG pathway analysis, there were several lncRNA and mRNA participating in the ceRNA network related sepsis, which played an important role in several signal pathways.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 686-693, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the computed tomography (CT) features of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 59 patients with AEG who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy in Peking University Cancer Hospital from February 2010 to November 2014 were collected. There were 51 males and 8 females, aged from 46 to 82 years, with a median age of 63 years. All the 59 patients underwent enhanced CT examination before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Observation indicators: (1) pathological examination and neoadjuvant chemotherapy of patients with AEG; (2) results of CT examination in patients with AEG, including ① qualitative indicators of CT and ② quantitative indicators of CT. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( P25, P75) or M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the chi-square test. Results:(1) Pathological examination and neoadjuvant chemotherapy of patients with AEG: of the 59 patients with AEG, high-differentiated adenocarcinoma was observed in 1 patient, moderate-differentiated adenocarcinoma in 40 patients, and low-differentiated adenocarcinoma in 18 patients. Effective response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was observed in 13 patients, including 6 patients of pathological tumor regression grading (pTRG) 0 and 7 of pTRG 1; poor response was observed in 46 patients, including 12 patients of pTRG 2 and 34 patients of pTRG 3. (2) Results of CT examination in patients with AEG. ① Qualitative indicators of CT: for the 13 patients with effective response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 13 had the presence of ulcers, 5 had layered enhancement, 10 had infiltration of adventitia surface, and 2 had positive extramural venous invasion (EMVI) before neoadjuvant chemotherapy; after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 13 had shallowed or disappeared ulcers, 7 patients had changed enhancement pattern, 3 had infiltration of adventitia surface, and 1 had positive EMVI. For the 46 patients with poor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 28 had the presence of ulcers, 18 had layered enhancement, 37 had infiltration of adventitia surface, and 22 had positive EMVI before neoadjuvant chemotherapy; after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 23 had shallowed or disappeared ulcers, 7 patients had changed layered enhancement pattern, 33 had infiltration of adventitia surface and 21 had positive EMVI, respectively. There was no significant difference in the layered enhancement or infiltration of adventitia surface before neoadjuvant chemotherapy between patients with different treatment response ( χ2=0.002, 0.000, P>0.05). There were significant differences in the presence of ulcers and positive EMVI before neoadjuvant chemotherapy between patients with different treatment response ( χ2=5.591, 4.421, P<0.05). After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, there were significant differences in the changes of layered enhancement pattern, infiltration of adventitia surface and positive EMVI between patients with different treatment response ( χ2=6.359, 10.090, 4.728, P<0.05); while there was no significant difference in the shallowed or disappeared ulcers between patients with different treatment response ( χ2=1.239, P>0.05). ② Quantitative indicators of CT: for the 13 patients with good response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the maximum tumor height, the maximum tumor area, enhanced CT value of the lesion before neoadjuvant chemotherapy were 1.37 cm(0.94 cm, 1.88 cm), 8.9 cm 2 (4.7 cm 2, 9.9 cm 2), 53 HU(47 HU, 63 HU), respectively. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the above indicators were 1.17 cm(0.79 cm, 1.29 cm), 4.4 cm 2(2.5 cm 2, 6.1 cm 2), 30 HU(25 HU, 53 HU), respectively. The change rates of the maximum tumor height, the maximum tumor area, and enhanced CT value of the lesion were -23%(-42%, 9%), -51%(-60 %, -21%), -44%(-51%, 19%), respectively. For the 46 patients with poor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the maximum tumor height, the maximum tumor area, enhanced CT value of the lesion were 1.57 cm(1.21 cm, 1.96 cm), 9.4 cm 2(6.6 cm 2, 13.1 cm 2), 60 HU(53 HU, 66 HU) before neoadjuvant chemotherapy, respectively. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the above indicators were 1.16 cm(0.94 cm, 1.37 cm), 6.2 cm 2(4.8 cm 2, 8.1 cm 2), 55 HU(47 HU, 65 HU), respectively. The change rates of the maximum tumor height, the maximum tumor area, and enhanced CT value of the lesion were -27%(-38%, -9%), -33%(-47%, -12%), -9%(-22%, 9%), respectively. There was no significant difference in the maximum tumor height, the maximum tumor area, enhanced CT value of the lesion before neoadjuvant chemotherapy between patients with different treatment response ( Z=-1.372, -1.372, -1.331, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the maximum tumor height after neoadjuvant chemotherapy between patients with different treatment response ( Z=-0.503, P>0.05), while there were significant differences in the maximum tumor area and CT value of the lesion ( Z=-2.743, -3.049, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the change rate of the maximum tumor height or the maximum tumor area between patients with different treatment response ( Z=0.000, -1.481, P>0.05), while there was a significant difference in the change rate of CT value of the lesion ( Z=-3.231, P<0.05). Conclusion:Effective response of AEG to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was characterized by the changes in tumor layered enhancement pattern, reduction in the maximum tumor area, reduced CT value of the lesion, negative infiltration of adventitia surface, and negative EMVI.

12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 279-284, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863998

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pharyngeal spraying recombinant human interfe-ron alpha 2b (rhIFNα2b) in the treatment of herpangina in children.Method:s A prospective, multicenter, rando-mized, opened and controlled study was carried out in 11 hospitals in Anhui province from August 2018 to March 2019.According to the time of admission, 180 patients diagnosed as herpangina were prospectively and randomly divided into rhIFNα2b treatment group and Ribavirin control group.On the basis of giving both groups the heat-clearing, detoxifying and anti-infection treatment, the patients in treatment group received pharyngeal spraying rhIFNα2b 9 g/L saline solution[1 million IU/mL, 0.1 million IU/(0.1 mL·press)], and the patients in control group were treated by pharyngeal spraying Ribavirin (0.5 mg RBV/press, 150 press), 3 presses per time, 4 times per day, continuous administration for 5 days for both groups.Those who recovered in advance were no longer given medication.All patients were observed to fully recover.The clinical efficacy and the disappearing time of symptoms and signs between two groups were compared, and the safety of pharyngeal spraying rhIFNα2b for patients was evaluated.Result:s All of the 180 patients completed the study, including 90 cases in the treatment group and 90 cases in the control group.There was no statistically significant difference in terms of gender, age, weight and course of illness before treatment between the two groups (all P>0.05), which had clinical comparability.The apparent efficiency of the treatment group [63.3% (57/90 cases)] was significantly higher than that in the control group [38.9% (35/90 cases)] and the difference was statistically significant( χ2=10.934, P=0.004); no significant difference in the total efficiency between the treatment group [96.7% (87/90 cases)]and the control group [92.2% (83/90 cases)]was observed ( χ2=2.924, P=0.169). The duration of fever[(32.59±20.73) h vs.(45.72±26.96) h], hyperemia[(76.48±23.12) h vs.(92.44±24.31) h], herpes[(72.99±25.77) h vs.(85.09± 26.62) h], salivation[(45.44±24.96) h vs.(54.42±31.20) h] and anorexia[(62.70±23.99) h vs.(78.71±30.54) h] in the treatment group were significantly shorter than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). Before treatment, the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) [(13.02±4.41) ng/L vs.(13.57±9.27) ng/L], interleukin-6(IL-6) [(26.48±11.31) ng/L vs.(30.15±15.55) ng/L] and C-reactive protein(CRP)[(19.34±14.11) mg/L vs.(19.83±14.57) mg/L]were not significantly different between the two groups (all P>0.05). After treatment, the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were(7.26±1.99) ng/L and (2.42±0.73) ng/L in the treatment group, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(12.09±6.39) ng/L and (7.32±11.51) ng/L](all P<0.05), but no significant difference in serum levels of CRP between the two groups was observed ( P>0.05). The comparison on positive rate of virus in pharyngeal swab between the treatment group [65.3% (32/49 cases) and 40.6% (13/32 cases) respectively] and the control group[66.7%(36/54 cases) and 41.0% (16/39 cases), respectively]before and after therapy showed no significant difference (all P>0.05). During the treatment, no serious adverse reactions were observed in the two groups.The incidence of adverse reactions was 1.1% (1/90 cases) in the treatment group and 5.6% (5/90 cases) in the control group.In addition, the serum hemoglobin level of children in the control group after treatment was significantly lower than that before treatment and that in the treatment group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with pharyngeal spraying ribavirin, pharyngeal spraying rhIFNα2b can greatly improve the clinical efficiency, accelerate the disappearance of clinical symptoms and signs, and shorten the total course of disease, and is more safe and worthy of clinical application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 53-56, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746335

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of CO2 lattice laser combined with 595 nm pulsed dye laser in the treatment of cesarean section skin scar.Methods A total of 60 patients with cutaneous scar after cesarean section in our hospital from June 2015 to October 2017 were enrolled.The patients were divided into observation group and control group according to the order of hospitalization.Each group had 30 cases.Both CO2 lattice and 595 nm pulsed dye lasers were used in study group.Only CO2 lattice laser was used in control group.Vancouver scar scale (VSS) and adverse reactions were analyzed after treatment in both groups.Results The two groups were compared at 3 months and 6 months after treatment.The VSS scores of the study group were (52.00± 1.31) and (3.81±1.38),which was significantly lower than that of the control group (6.30±1.21) and (5.00± 1.38).The difference was statistically significant (t =3.175,3.35,P <0.05).There were no significant differences in adverse reactions between the two groups (P>0.05).Conclusions CO2 dot laser combined with 595 nm pulsed dye laser for the treatment of cesarean section skin scar is more effective than CO2 dot matrix laser alone.

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Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 409-412, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824916

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Objective To explore the current situation,problems and countermeasures of project performance evaluation of Non profit Central Research Institute Fund.Methods Identifying issues and proposing suggestions by process analysis of projects performance evaluation in one medical research institute (Institute Y for short).Results Preliminarily,Medical research institutes have already built the performance evaluation system of research project.However,applications of evaluation are limited,lacking of connections with project management milestones.Conclusions The problems and countermeasures obtained from Institute Y could provide reference for the performance evaluation of medical research projects in China.

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Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 372-375, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804958

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Objective@#To investigate the correlation between serum chemokine CXCL13 (CXCL-13), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and liver function damage and hepatitis B virus replication in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB).@*Methods@#Eighty patients with CHB who were treated in Jiyuan People′s Hospital of Henan Province from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected as the study subjects. According to the severity of the disease, the patients were divided into mild group (34 cases), moderate group (26 cases) and severe group (20 cases). Eighty healthy people in the same period were selected as control group, and the serum levels of CXCL-13, IL-1β and IL-6 were detected and compared. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the relation between CXCL-13, IL-1β, IL-6 and ALT, AST, HBV-DNA.@*Results@#The levels of ALT, AST, serum CXCL-13, IL-1β and IL-6 in patients with CHB were significantly higher than those in control group (P=0.000 for all comparisons); the levels of ALT, AST, HBV DNA and serum CXCL-13, IL-1β and IL-6 in patients with CHB were significantly higher than those in control group (P=0.000 for all the comparisons). Serum CXCL-13, IL-1β, IL-6 were positively correlated with ALT and AST (P=0.000, P=0.006, P=0.003, P=0.000, P=0.000, P=0.001), CXCL-13 level was positively correlated with HBV DNA (P=0.014), IL-1β and IL-6 were not correlated with HBV DNA. There were positive correlations among CXCL-13, IL-1β and IL-6 (P=0.012, P=0.019, P=0.008).@*Conclusions@#Serum CXCL-13 and IL-1β, IL-6 were closely related to the degree of liver function damage and disease progression in CHB patients. The level of CXCL-13 is positively correlated with the amount of hepatitis B virus. Therefore, close monitoring of serum CXCL-13, IL-1β and IL-6 in CHB patients is of clinical reference value for judging the patient′s condition.

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Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 265-268, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700505

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The standardization training of residents playsan important role in cultivating high and comprehensive quality of specialists.How to carry out the standardized training of thyroid specialist residency effectively and speed up the training of high-quality thyroid specialist are the key problems to be solved.Breast and Thyroid Diseases Center of Southwest Hospital integrated the concepts of evidence-based medicine into the training of thyroid specialist residencies,using the assessment,diagnosis,treatment and follow-up of thyroid nodules as example,and successfully establish the training system of thyroid specialist residency.

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Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 523-527, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707967

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Objective To evaluate the ability of texture analysis in early phase of enhanced MRI in predicting pathological complete response(pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy(NAC) for breast cancer. Methods This retrospective study enrolled 64 breast cancers samples from 64 patients that were diagnosed by core-needle biopsy and received NAC before operation in Peking University Cancer Hospital between July and Dec 2015. MRI were conducted after NAC. Regions of interest were drawn to cover the whole enhanced areas on subtraction images of early phase to pre-enhanced phase on MRI, and were sent to an in-house developed texture-analyzing software to achieve parameters including average signal intensity (SIav), mean signal intensity (SIm), signal intensity range(SIr), skewness, kurtosis, energy and entropy. Groups of pCR (no invasive tumor) and non-pCR were separated based on pathology results. Differences of MRI parameters were compared by independent-sample t test (normal distribution) or Mann-Whitney U test (abnormal distribution) and ROC curve were drawn to evaluate the diagnostic abilities. Results Post-operation pathology found 28 pCR and 36 non-pCR. ROIs of 13 samples were not drawn because no residual enhanced areas could be found on subtraction images of post-NAC MRI. For 51 lesions (17 pCR and 34 non-pCR) that still had residual enhancement, tumor volume, SIav, SIr, energy and entropy of pCR group were all significantly lower than that of non-pCR group (P<0.05). ROC curves were drawn, yielding AUC=0.669 for non-enhancement criterion, and the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were 70.3%, 39.3% and 94.4%. AUCs for volume, SIav, SIr, Energy and Entropy were 0.870, 0.772, 0.810, 0.883 and 0.881 respectively. Conclusion Texture analysis on early-enhanced phase of breast MRI is able to help to improve the diagnostic ability in predicting complete response on in breast cancer after NAC.

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Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 125-129, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247763

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<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy between acupuncture with smoothing liver and regulatingand lactulose for post-stroke slow transit constipation(STC) and to explore the mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty patients were randomized into an acupuncture group and a medication group,30 cases in each one. Based on the comprehensive stroke unit care,acupuncture with smoothing liver and regulatingwas used at Danzhong(CV 17),Qihai(CV 6),Tianshu(ST 25),Neiguan(PC 6),Gongsun(SP 4) and Taichong(LR 3) in the acupuncture group,once a day. Lactulose oral liquid was taken at a draught in the morning in the medication group,20 to 30 mL a time,once a day. The study period was 11 weeks,including 1-week baseline evaluation,6-week treatment and 4-week follow-up. We recorded the time of the first independent defecation,constipation symptom score,and gastrointestinal hormone level,including somatostatin(SS),motilin(MTL),P substance(SP) and vasoactive intestinal peptide(VIP). Also,the side effects were recorded at any time.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The time of the first independent defecation was (30.18±16.14) h in the acupuncture group,which was significantly different from (43.22±28.42) h in the medication group(<0.05). The constipation scores after 6-week treatment and at follow-up were lower than those before treatment in the two groups (all<0.05),with better results in the acupuncture group(both<0.05). MTL and SP increased,as well as SS and VIP decreased after treatment in the two groups(all<0.05). The changes were better in the acupuncture group(all<0.05). The side effect was not observed in the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Acupuncture with smoothing liver and regulatingachieves better effect than lactulose for post-stroke STC in terms of efficacy onset,extent,and long term. The mechanism may relate to increasing excitatory regulatory peptide and reducing inhibitory regulatory peptide.</p>

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Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 348-351, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621116

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Objective To understand the changes of cardiac systolic and diastolic function in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients without evidence of cardiac disease in China.Methods Forty-two HIV-infected patients who were followed up in the Department of Infectious Diseases at Peking Union Medical College Hospital without cardiac involvement were recruited.All the HIV-infected patients had received highly active antiroviral therapy (HAART) for more than 12 months with viral suppression.And 30 age and sex matched healthy subjects without cardiac disease manifestations were enrolled as controls.Every group members underwent transthoracic echocardiography evaluation.The indexes of cardiac systolic and diastolic function between HIV-infected patients and healthy controls were compared.Results Diastolic abnormality occurred in 20 cases in HIV-infected group and 6 cases in control group, with statistically significant difference (χ2=5.79, P=0.007).The E wave deceleration time (EDT) in HIV-infected patients were significantly decreased than healthy controls ([161.87±21.64] ms vs.[190.34±37.22], t=-3.20, P=0.002).There were no significant differences of E/A ratio ([1.16±0.35] vs.[1.19±0.26]), E/Ea ratio ([5.43±1.99] vs.[5.78±0.91]), isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT), ([93.18±20.34] ms vs.[93.57±18.55]ms), Ea ([10.18±2.80] cm/s vs.[11.45±2.75] cm/s) between HIV-infected patients and controls (t=1.13,1.53,0.67 and 0.29, respectively, all P>0.05).Among cardiac systolic function markers, left ventricular ejection fractions in HIV-infected patients and control group were (66.7±6.4)% and (68.7±4.2)%, respectively.And left ventricular shortening rates were (37.08±4.79)% and (38.17±3.96)%, respectively.Both showed no significant difference between the two groups (t=-1.51 and-1.00, respectively, both P>0.05).Conclusions Compared with control group, subclinical cardiac diastolic dysfunction is more frequently observed in HIV-infected patients.However, there are no significant differences of cardiac systolic function markers between HIV-infected patients and controls.

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Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 386-389, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712326

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical experience and surgical method of the repairment of frontal plantar tissue defects by using "tennis racket"-like flap with the medial plantar retrograde,and to study the reliability in the clinical application of the medial plantar retrograde flap.Methods From June 2011 to June 2016,"tennis racket"-like flap with the medial plantar retrograde was used to repair the frontal plantar tissue defects in 10 cases.The cutting range of flap was from 3.5 cm × 2.0 cm to 8.0 cm x 4.0 cm in size;in all patients the donor area was covered by skin grafts.Results All flaps survived and wounds healed by first intention.In 10 patients the donor sites healed primarily with a straight scar,and the appearance and texture of the flaps were satisfactory.All patients were followed up from 6 to 24 months (mean 12 months).According to the Chinese foot function evaluation standard trial evaluation,the outcomes were excellent in 9 cases,good in 7 cases,and medium in 2 cases.Conclusions "Tennis racket"-like flap with the medial plantar retrograde is less anatomic variation with reliable blood supply,and sensory recovery is quick;the donor site is a small crater and cicatrial contractures are light;the cost is low.All patients are treated on one session and therefore it is an ideal method for the repairment of frontal plantar tissue defects.

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