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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871359


Objective:To investigate the distribution features of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) in patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and the clinical characteristics of the patients.Methods:Clinical data of 6 759 patients who were treated in Baoding No.1 Central Hospital for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases during January 2015 to July 2019 were collected and analyzed. ANCA was detected by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF). Antibodies against myeloperoxidase (MPO) and protease 3 (PR3) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:IIF showed that 558 out of the 6 759 cases tested positive for ANCA with a positive rate of 8.26%. Among them, 382 (68.46%) were positive for perinuclear ANCA (p-ANCA) and 176 (31.54%) were positive for cytoplasmic ANCA (c-ANCA). Anti-MPO and anti-PR3 antibodies were detected in 69 ANCA-positive cases, while the antibodies against other target antigens were detected in 489 cases. The ratio between the two groups was 1∶7.09. The incidence of recurrent respiratory tract infection and pulmonary interstitial lesions in ANCA-positive cases was 69.35% (387/558) and 64.52% (360/558), respectively, which was significantly higher than that in ANCA-negative patients [40.51% (2 512/6 201) and 33.17% (2 057/6 201)].Conclusions:Anti-MPO and anti-PR3 antibody detection could not replace IIF to detect total ANCA for a high rate of missed diagnosis would be caused. Early detection of ANCA would be of great significance to patients with chronic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 784-790, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796833


Objective@#To investigate the histological features and prognostic factors of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL).@*Methods@#The pathological data of 62 patients with AITL with complete follow-up information were retrospectively collected and analyzed from Changhai Hospital during September 2012 and September 2017. Histological and immunohistochemical (IHC) examination, in situ hybridization (ISH), and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) gene mutation analysis were done. Subgroup evaluation with histology, IHC, ISH, SNP gene mutation, and association with clinical progression were performed.@*Results@#The cohort included 62 cases of AITL, including 46 males and 16 females patients, with a median age of 64 years. Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) area showed significantly expansion (≥30%) in 40 cases; increased plasma cells (≥10%) was seen in 37 cases; B cells were distributed around blood vessels in 37 cases; and increased p53 mutation positive cells (≥40%) were seen in 39 cases; high Ki-67 index (≥40%) was seen in 39 cases; RHOA mutation was seen in 19 cases; TET2 mutation was seen in 9 cases. Overall survival analysis showed these factors were significantly correlated with tumor prognosis (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that CD38 positive cells<10%, Ki-67≥40%, RHOA and TET2 mutations were risk factors associated with overall survival.@*Conclusions@#AITL could be divided into two different prognostic groups, low-grade and high-grade, with statistically significance outcome, based on the FDC area expansion, degree of plasma cell proliferation, B cells distribution pattern combined with gene mutations and clinical progression. Low-grade malignant group progresses slowly, and high-grade malignant group is highly invasive.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704106


Objective To explore the improvement of cognitive impairment in patients with mild and moderate vascular cognitive impairment( VCI) treated with cerebralcare granule ( CG) and basic treat-ment.Methods From October in 2014 to December in 2016 year,143 cases of VCI patients were admitted from six hospitals in some areas of Hebei Province as the research objects,and divided into CG treatment group (experimental group,n=98) and conventional treatment group (control group,n=66).Three months and six months after treatment,the score of mental state examination ( MMSE) ,the Montreal cognitive assess-ment scale ( MoCA) and the daily living capacity scale( ADL) of the two groups were compared after 3 and 6 moths of treatment.Results ①The total score of MMSE in the experimental group was higher than that of the control group for six months after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant ( ( 23. 76 ± 4.02) vs (21.52±5.13),P<0.05).②Six months after treatment,the total score of MoCA ((21.06±4.66) vs (18.32±5.20)) and visual spatial/executive function((3.05±1.37) vs (2.42±1.66)),calculation force ((2.24±0.84) vs (1.83±1.05)) and orientation ability((5.20±1.12) vs (4.06±1.35)) scores in the ex-perimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) .③Six months after treat-ment,the ADL score in the experimental group was lower than that before treatment,and the difference was statistically significant((24.96±8.74) vs (29.20±11.55),P<0.05);while there was no significant difference in the ADL score between the experimental group and the control group after 6 months (P>0.05).Conclusion CG can improve cognitive function in mild to moderate VCI patients,mainly in visual space/execution func-tion,calculation ability and orientation ability,and with the extension of treatment time,the curative effect is more obvious.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468374


Background:Lipopolysaccharide( LPS)and(1,3)-β-D glucan( BG)are involved in the process of Crohn’s disease(CD)by activating immune cells in gut to produce inflammatory cytokines. Aims:To investigate the relationship between LPS,BG and disease activity of CD. Methods:Sixty-eight patients with CD from April 2013 to July 2014 at Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital were enrolled,of them 41 cases were active-CD( A-CD group)and 27 cases were remission-CD(R-CD group). Twenty healthy subjects were served as normal controls. Crohn’s disease activity index (CDAI)and simple endoscopic score for Crohn’s disease(SES-CD)were used to assess the disease activity and severity. Serum levels of LPS,BG,ESR and CRP were determined,and their relationships were analyzed. Results:Serum levels of LPS and BG in A-CD group were significantly higher than those in R-CD and control groups(P all 0. 05). Levels of LPS and BG were positively correlated with CDAI,SES-CD and ESR(P all 0. 05). Conclusions:Serum levels of LPS and BG can be used to assess the disease activity and severity of endoscopic mucosal lesions in CD.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467060


Objective To investigate the extent of pancreatic and liver function damage of acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) rats under altitude hypoxia environment,and to provide a reference for better diagnosis and treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in the plateau region.Methods Ninety-six specific pathogen free (SPF) Wistar male rats were involved in 1 500 meters,3 300 meters and 4 300 meters altitude.The model of ANP was established by using pancreatic capsule injection of sodium taurocholate (NaTc).In the sham operation group,the rats' belly was opened and closed after only flipping its pancreas several times.Rats in sham group were sacrificed at 6 h,and ANP group were sacrificed at 6,12,24 h after modeling.Serum amylase activity was measured,and pancreas and liver tissue were harvested for pathological examination and score.Results Serum amylase activity in sham operation group rats was not remarkably changed,and pathological changes of pancreas and liver were not obvious.At same altitude,serum amylase activity,pancreas and liver pathology score of ANP rats at each time point were significantly higher than those in the sham operation group;and serum amylase activity,pancreas and liver pathology scores of ANP 12,24 h group rats were significantly higher than those of ANP 6h group;and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).At 3 300 meters,4 300 meters altitude,the pancreas and liver pathology scores of ANP rats at each time point were significantly higher than those at 1 500 meters altitude,and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05),but the difference in serum amylase activity was not statistically significant.Conclusions With the increase of altitude,pancreatic and liver pathological damage of ANP rats shows continuing aggravation.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474333


Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of tuina therapy in the treatment of cervical spondyIosis of vertebral artery type.Methods:One hundred and fifty-seven cases of cervical spondylosis of vertebral artery type were treated by tuina therapy,three times a week.Ten treatments made up one course and one to two courses of treatment Was performed.During tuina treatment,other modalities that may affect tuina effects were discontinued.The patients were surveyed three months after tuina treatment.Results:Among the 157 cases,109 cases obtained marked effectiveness,26 cases improvement and 6 cases inefiectiveness;16 cases were not surveyed.The total effective rate was 86.6%.Conclusion:Tuina therapy has excellent effects on cervical spondylosis of vertebral artery type.