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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 663-669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990235

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effectiveness of hemostatic bandage on wound safety and comfort after transradial coronary angiography and/or interventional therapy.Methods:This was a experimental study. A total of 400 consecutive patients who underwent transradial coronary angiography and/or interventional therapy in the Department of Cardiology, Peking University Third Hospital from July to October 2022 were enrolled and randomly divided into the hemostatic bandage group and the hemostatic balloon compressor group by the envelope method with 200 cases in each group. The hemostatic bandage group and the hemostatic balloon compressor group were treated with hemostatic bandage and hemostatic balloon compressor as transradial artery hemostatic device, respectively, to observe and compare postoperative hemostatic effect, hemostat use time, complication rate, postoperative pain, the degree of numbness in the finger on the operated side and wristband comfort between the two groups.Results:The hemostatic success rate was 98.5% (197/200) and 99.0% (198/200) in the hemostatic bandage and the hemostatic balloon compressor group, respectively, with no statistical difference ( χ2=0.20, P>0.05). The hemostat use time in the hemostatic bandage group and the hemostatic balloon compressor group was (6.23 ± 0.47) h and (17.01 ± 7.74) h, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-19.66, P<0.01). The incidence of complications in the hemostatic bandage group and the hemostatic balloon compressor group was 13.5%(27/200) and 29.5%(59/200), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=8.01, P<0.05). Among the complications, swelling occurred in 21 individuals of the hemostatic bandage group and 54 individuals of the hemostatic balloon compressor group with statistically significant differences ( U=16 689.50, P<0.01). Besides, the hemostatic bandage group was significantly better than the hemostatic balloon compressor group with statistically significant differences in wound pain at immediate postoperative ( U=13 669.50, P<0.01), in finger numbness at immediate postoperative and 1-hour postoperative (immediate postoperative: U=17 838.00, P<0.05; 1-hour postoperative: U=13 342.50, P<0.01), in comfort at immediate postoperative, 4-hours, 8-hours and 12-hour postoperative(immediate postoperative: U=9 966.50, P<0.01; 4-hour postoperative: U=12 851, P<0.01; 8-hour postoperative: U=14 900, P<0.01; 12-hour postoperative: U=15 920, P<0.01). Conclusions:The hemostatic bandage shows better hemostatic effect, shorter compression time, lower complication rate, less wound pain, less numbness of the finger on the operation side, and higher comfort of the wrist band compared to hemostatic balloon compressor after transradial coronary angiography and/or interventional therapy, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 953-958, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989726

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Tiaogan Lifei Decoction on the level of symptom control in patients with bronchial asthma (asthma) treated with moderate and high dosage inhaled glucocorticoids (ICS).Methods:Randomized double-blind placebo controlled prospective study was used. Totally 90 patients with asthma (liver lung disharmony, wind phlegm blocking collateral syndrome) using moderate and high dosage ICS who met the inclusion criteria from January 2020 to December 2021 in Chaoyang District Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Beijing were divided into two groups according to random number table method, with 45 cases in each group. On the basis of using the original dosage of ICS, the treatment group used Tiaogan Lifei Decoction, while the control group used Tiaogan Lifei Decoction simulant. The course of treatment was 12 weeks. TCM symptom score of both group before and after the treatment was detected; asthma control test (ACT) was used to assess the effects of asthma on the patients; St George's Hospital Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) was used to assess patients' quality of life; the peak expiratory flow rate (PEF) was measured with a peak expiratory flow meter. 2 ml of venous blood was collected for eosinophil (EOS) detection, and the serum allergen specific IgE level was determined by ELISA. The adverse reactions were observed during the treatment and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:During the test, 3 cases and 2 cases in the treatment group and control group lost prevention respectively. 3 cases in the treatment group and 6 cases in the control group withdrew from the trial because of the aggravation of symptoms and the need to increase the dosage of ICS. The total effective rate in the treatment group was 78.6% (33/42), and that in the control group was 55.8% (24/43), with statistical significance ( χ2=4.98, P=0.026). After treatment, the scores of daily activities, early awakening, control and total scores in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group ( t values were 1.76, 1.99, 2.00, 2.69, respectively, P<0.01 or P<0.05); after treatment, the scores of cough, chest tightness, active wheezing, upset, pharyngeal itch and total score in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group ( t values were -5.89, -6.01, -5.66, -4.27, -6.67, -9.05, respectively, P<0.01); SGRQ score in the treatment group was lower than that of the control group ( t=-7.19, P<0.01). No serious adverse reactions occurred during treatment in the two groups. Conclusion:Tiaogan Lifei Decoction is helpful to improve the symptom control level of asthma patients who are using ICS, and effectively improve the quality of life of patients with asthma of liver lung disharmony and wind phlegm obstructing collaterals syndrome.

3.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1036-1041, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867176

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the evaluation ability and effect of the nursing delirium screening scale (Nu-DESC) and the intensive care delirium screening checklist (ICDSC) on the patients with delirium after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI).Methods:A total of 128 patients who were admitted to cardiovascular surgery from June 2018 to June 2019 for PCI intervention were selected by convenient sampling method.Data were collected by general data questionnaire, restless sedation scale (RASS), Nu-DESC and ICDSC.SPSS 18.0 was used to analyze the collected data.The patients' receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve and area under the ROC curve(AUC) were used to analyze Nu-DESC scale and ICDSC scale to evaluate the delirium ability of patients after PCI. Kappa value was used to test the consistency of the scale.Bayes discriminant analysis was used to analyze the accuracy of Nu-DESC and ICDSC in judging delirium after PCI.Results:The AUC of Nu-DESC and ICDSC was 0.902 and 0.857 respectively, and the difference between them was AUC=0.045 ( Z=3.489, P<0.001); the best critical value of Nu-DESC and ICDSC for delirium evaluation was 2 and 4. The cross validation accuracy of Nu-DESC and ICDSC for delirium determination was 87.5% and 83.6%, respectively.The delirium rates of DSM-Ⅳ, Nu-DESC and ICDSC were 33.6%, 34.4% and 43.7%, respectively. Conclusion:Compared with ICDSC, Nu-DESC is more suitable for the evaluation of delirium after PCI.

4.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 867-871, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789172

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze Professor Wu Weiping's medication rules on treating the onset of bronchial asthma based on data mining.Methods The patients'records and prescriptions of Professor Wu Weiping on treating the onset of bronchial asthma were collected and collated,and the frequency and regularity of drug combinations were researched by using the association rules of TCM inheritance support system to analyze the medication experience of Professor Wu Weiping.Results By analyzing the 249 prescriptions of 61 patients,drug properties of the prescription:cold (45.6%),warm (42.6%),bitter(37.9%),pungent (27.5%).Channel tropism:lung,spleen,liver,stomach.The top 10 herbal medicine are Qingbanxia,Chaihu,Fangfeng,Huangqin,Mahuang,Wuweizi,Wumei,Qianhu,Chishao,Kuxingren.The top 3 treatment principle is reducing phlegm,expelling wind evil and regulating qi.Xiaochaihu decoction and Guomin decoction were showed in the article.Conclusions Data dining could help to discover the rules of Professor Wu Weiping's treatment of the onset of bronchial asthma.The cold and warm drugs,acrid and bitter drugs were used together frequently,while the drugs belonging to the lung,spleen,liver and stomach meridians were used commonly.The evil of phlegm,qi and wind were paid attention to eliminate pathogen.

5.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1062-1067,1071, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the changes of quality of life in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (ax-SpA) after treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) by the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36).Methods: 120 patients diagnosed with ax-SpA were collected in the first Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2014 to September 2015.They all agreed to be treated with the special drugs and assessed by special scale.Then they all signed the agreement.In the 3 months,double-blind,parallel controlled trial patients were randomized to 200 mg twice daily (bid) imrecoxib,or 200 mg twice daily (bid) celecoxib.They were assessed for the changes of quality of life at enrollment and after three months of NSAIDs therapy by the SF-36 of Chinese edition.The correlation between quality of life and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),C-reactive protein (CRP),Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI),Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI),Spondylo Arthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC) was analyzed.Results: A total of 116 ax-SpA patients completed the study and 4 patients were lost to follow-up.We used the SF-36 scale to assess the quality of life in patients with ax-SpA before and after 3 months,NSAIDs treatment.The treatment effects were not statistically significant difference between the two drugs (P>0.05).After all the patients were treated with NSAIDs for 3 months,there was statistically significant difference (P0.05) of vitality and mental health.The positively significant correlations had been identified between BASDAI and PF,RP,BP,GH,VT,SF,RE (P0.05).A positively significant correlation had been identified between BASFI and PF,RP,BP,GH,SF,RE,MH (P0.05).The ESR was positively correlated with SF,RE (P<0.05);and CRP was positively correlated with SF,MH (P<0.05);and SPARCC was positively correlated with PF (P<0.05).BASDAI and BASFI were the important influence factors of PF (P<0.05);and BASDAI was the important influence factor of BP,GH,VT,RE(P<0.05);BASFI was the important influence factor of RP,SF,MH(P<0.05).Conclusion: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can improve the quality of life of the ax-SpA patients.Imrecoxib and celecoxib have the equivalent curative effect.SF36 scale is suitable for the assessment of the quality of life in patients with ax-SpA.

6.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 150-152, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the predictive value of red cell distribution width (RDW)on poor myocardial perfu- sion in patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI)treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Meth-ods:From August 2013 to August 2015,a total of 212 ACS patients undergoing PCI in our hospital were selected. According to RDW of blood analyzer,patients were divided into RDW50% were regar- ded as good myocardial perfusion group (n=134).Clinical data were compared between two groups,and single fac- tor and multi-factor analysis were used to analyze influencing factors for myocardial perfusion.Results:Compared with RDW<13.0% group,there were significant rise in age [(62.85±5.23)years vs.(67.33±6.17)years],and significant reductions in left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF,(52.37±6.14)% vs.(50.55±5.53)%]and STR [(0.73±0.26)vs.(0.57±0.39)]in RDW≥13.0% group,P<0.05 or <0.01. Compared with good myocardial perfusion group,there were significant reductions in percentage of RDW<13% (59.70% vs.44.87%)and LVEF [(52.25±3.81)% vs.(50.29 ± 4.08)%],and significant rise in age [(63.29 ± 1.93)years vs.(66.42 ± 2.15) years]in poor myocardial perfusion group,P<0.05 all.Multi-factor Logistic regression analysis indicated that age, LVEF and RDW were independent predictors for poor myocardial perfusion (r=3.826~6.525,P<0.01 all).Con-clusion:Red cell distribution width possesses good predictive value for poor myocardial perfusion in patients with a- cute myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention,which is worth extending in clinic.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3359-3361, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504944

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the efficacy and safety of doxofylline combined with ceftazidime in the treatment of elder-ly patients with chronic emphysema. METHODS:Data of 78 elderly patients with ceftazidime was collected and divided into single drug group(31 cases)and combined medication group(47 cases)according to different treatment methods. All patients adopted flu-id infusion,oxygen inhalation and nutrition support. Based on it,single drug group received 0.05 g Doxofylline injection,once ev-ery 12 h. Combined medication group additionally received 1.0 g Ceftazidime for injection,once every 12 h. If the symptoms were out of control,20 mg prednisone was given,twice a day. The courses of 2 groups were 10 d. Total efficacy,pulmonary functions [maximum mid-expiratory flow(MMEF),1s forced expiratory volume percent predicted(FEV1%),peak expiratory flow(PEF)] before and after treatment,American Concise Health Survey Questionnaire(SF-36 scale)(QLS)and the incidence of adverse reac-tions in 2 groups were observed. RESULTS:The total effective rate in combined medication group was significantly higher than sin-gle drug group,the difference was statistically significant (P0.05). After treatment,MMEF,FEV1%,PEF and QLS scores in 2 groups were significantly higher than before,and combined medication group MMEF,FEV1%、PEF were higher than single drug group,the difference was statistically significant (P0.05). And there was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions in 2 groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Based on conventional treatment,doxofylline combined with ceftazidime shows better efficacy than doxofylline alone in the treat-ment of elderly patients with chronic emphysema,it can improve pulmonary functions,with better safety.

8.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 616-620, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503604

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and compare the value of B brain natriuretic peptide( BNP)and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide( NT-proBNP)in the diagnosis of heart failure after neonatal asphyxia, and to optimize early clinical diagnosis. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on 124 neonatal asphyxia cases from January 2013 to October 2015,who were divided into heart failure group(53 cases)and control group(71 cases)according to whether complicated with heart failure. Comparison was conducted on BNP,NT-proBNP,cardiac troponin T( cTnT),creatine kinase isoenzyme( CK-MB)through blood sam-pling from femoral vein puncture within 48 h. And Logistic regression analysis was introduced into explore effecting factors of heart failure,besides,correlations between BNP,NT-proBNP and left ventricular ejection fraction( LVEF)of asphyxia children were calculated,and receiver operating characteristic curve( ROC)was introduced into analyzing of BNP and NT-proBNP for diagnostic efficacy of heart failure after neonatal asphyxia. Results Heart failure group whose BNP[(835. 8 ± 154. 7)pg/ml vs. (235. 4 ± 38. 5)pg/ml], NT-proBNP(25 903. 8 pg/ml vs. 6 974. 5 pg/ml),cTnT[(0. 21 ± 0. 06)ng/ml vs. (0. 11 ± 0. 03)ng/ml], CK-MB[(61. 3 ± 11. 7)U/L vs. (40. 8 ± 9. 5)U/L]were significantly higher than those of control group ( P﹤0. 05). Logistic regression analysis indicated BNP and NT-proBNP were closely related with newborn heart failure(ORBNP =3. 013,P﹤0. 001;ORNT-proBNP =3. 808,P=0. 006). BNP and NT-proBNP were both significantly negatively correlated with LVEF(rBNP = -0. 650,P=0. 007;rNT-proBNP = -0. 721,P﹤0. 001). The ROC curve indicated the diagnostic efficacy of BNP and NT-proBNP for heart failure after neonatal as-phyxia were 0. 868,0. 911,with the highest diagnosis cut-off value were 268. 8 pg/ml,3 972. 3 pg/ml,respec-tively. Conclusion BNP and NT proBNP are specific indicators reflecting heart failure after neonatal as-phyxia,and NT-proBNP with higher auxiliary diagnostic efficacy comparatively.

9.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 590-592, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494851

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of respiratory involvement in relapsing polychondritis(RPC). Methods The clinical data of 38 patients with respiratory (larynx, trachea and bronchus) involvement in RPC were retrospectively analyzed. Results The incidence of respiratory involvement in patients with RPC was 51.35%(38/74), and the most common symptoms were cough, wheezing, chest tightness and dyspnea. The incidences of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) increasing, C- reactive protein (CRP) increasing, fibrinogen increasing, D- dimer increased and rheumatoid factor (RF) positive in patients with respiratory involvement were significantly higher than those in patients without respiratory involvement: 47.37% (18/38) vs. 30.56% (11/36), 52.63% (20/38) vs. 33.33% (12/36), 31.58% (12/38) vs. 25.00% (9/36), 21.05% (8/38) vs. 13.89% (5/36) and 36.84%(14/38) vs. 5.56% (2/36), and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). CT was the main method to discover the respiratory involvement, and MRI could detect early cartilage inflammation lesions. Laryngoscope and bronchoscope could early detect mucosa and cartilage damage. Pathology was given priority to lymphocytes and neutrophils infiltration. Some patients had epithelium metaplasia and even canceration. Primary treatment methods were glucocorticoids combined with immunosuppressant. Airway stenosis and infection was the main factors influencing the prognosis of patients. Conclusions The respiratory involvement is not uncommon in RPC, and early CT, MRI, laryngoscope and bronchoscope examination is an important means of early diagnosis.Early glucocorticoid combined immunosuppressive therapy is the key to achieve good prognosis.

10.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2475-2479, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457612

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the effect of total flavonoids and saponins from Huang-Qi Ge-Gen (HQGG) decoction on blood glucose (BG), serum lipid, interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interleukin-15 (IL-15) of liver in diabetes mellitus (DM) rats, in order to investigate their interactions in regulating DM processes. A total of 66 SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, which were the normal group, model group (A1B1), control group, total flavonoids group (A2B1), total saponins group (A1B2), and total flavonoids and saponins group (A2B2), with 11 rats in each group. Except the normal group, other groups were intraperitoneal injected with streptozotocin (STZ). And the experiment was according to 2×2 factorial design experiment scheme. The BG was determined before STZ injection and 7 days after the STZ injection. After 30 days, BG, serum lipid, IL-12 and IL-15 of liver were tested. Related indexes were calculated to the weighted composite score. Main and interactive effect of total flavonoids and saponins were studied according to the factorial design experiment scheme. The results showed that compared with the normal group, all indexes of model group showed statistical differences (P<0.05). Total flavonoids and saponins from HQGG decoction can effectively reduce BG, without any interactions between them. Both the total flavonoids and total saponins can reduce serum cholesterol (CHO), triglyceride (TG), liver IL-12 and IL-15. And there were interactive effects. The single use of herb achieved better effects than the combination. It was concluded that total flavonoids and saponins from HQGG decoction can reduce BG, CHO, TG, and liver IL-12 and IL-15 levels in rats. However, the regulation of total flavonoids and saponins on indexes mentioned above showed no additive effect.

11.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 853-858, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474052

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the inhibitory effects of endogenous hydrogen sulfide, a novel and important gas-eous transmitter generated in mammalian tissues mainly by cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) or cystathionineγ-lyase (CSE) on the apoptosis of the rat hepatic BRL cell line in physiological condition. Methods BRL cells were cultured, and divid-ed randomly into several groups in different phases of the experiment, including negative-siRNA (control) group, CBS siRNA (CBS 1~3) group and CSE siRNA (CSE 1~3) group, which were used to select the most efficient sequences of siRNAs at 48 or 24-hour transfection. Solution group and (CBS+CSE) siRNA group were added to detect the variation of apoptosis. The BRL cell line was observed and evaluated at 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24 hrs after siRNA transfection. When the mechanisms of the apoptosis were detected, CBS/CSE siRNAs were transfected individually or jointly into BRL cells, and compared with nega-tive-siRNA group to examine the variation. The genic and protein expression of CBS/CSE were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot assay. After transfection of CBS/CSE siRNA, the apoptosis of BRL cells was detected by Hoechst stain and flow cytometry (FCM). The mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) changes were observed by fluorescent staining. Western blot assay was used to examine the protein expression of intracytoplasm cytochrome C (Cyt C) and cleaved-caspase 3. Re-sults CBS and CSE were observed in BRL cells. After transfection of CBS/CSE siRNA, endogenous H2S generation de-creased and the apoptosis of BRL cells increased. Accordingly, the expression of intracytoplasm-Cyt C and cleaved-caspase 3 increased. Conclusion The inhibition of endogenous H2S synthesis induced the apoptosis of BRL cells under physiologi-cal condition, which may be involved in mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 532-534, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419655

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe any differences in motor cortex excitability between Parkinson's disease (PD)patients and patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) and to explore whether motor evoked potentials (MEPs) can be used as an electrophysiological indicator for differentiating the 2 diseases.Methods Thirty-four PD patients, 22 MSA patients and 15 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjeets were included in this study. Relaxed motor thresholds (RMTs), central motor conduction time (CMCTs) and MEP amplitudes (AMPs) were recorded in all three groups. The relationships of RMT, CMCT and AMP with the severity of the disease were observed.Results Average RMT in the PD group was significantly lower than that in the MSA and control groups. Average RMT in the MSA group was also significantly lower than that in the control group. There was no significant difference among the three groups with regard to CMCT. AMP in the PD group was significantly higher on average than in the MSA and control groups, but there was no significant difference between the MSA and control groups. RMT decreased and CMCT shortened progressively with the severity of the disease in the PD group, but not in the MSA group.Conclusions There were differences in motor cortex excitability between PD patients and MSA patients. MEP RMTs and CMCTs may be valuable for identifying PD and MSAc but the clinical significance of the amplitude differences remains to be further explored.

13.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 27-29, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414482

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the serum level of interleukin (IL)-1 1, lymphocyte subsets and NK cells in patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), and explore the related factors in the pathogenesis of ITP. Methods The serum level of IL-11, lymphocyte subsets and NK cells were detected by double antibody sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and flow cytometry in 50 ITP patients (ITP group) and 30 controls (control group). Results The platelet in ITP group [ (30.21 ± 19.40) ×109/L] was lower than that in control group [ (207.21 ± 31.55 ) × 109/L] obviously (P < 0.05 ); the serum level of IL-11 in ITP group [(255.72 ± 163.43) ng/L] was significantly higher than that in control group [ (40.60 ± 5.57 ) ng/L ] (P < 0.05 ). The correlation analysis indicated that the blood serum levels of IL- 11 had negative relationship with the platelet (r = -0.557 ,P < 0.05). The percentage of CD3+ and CD4+ T lymphocyte percentage, CD4+/CD8+ in ITP group were lower and the percentage of CD8+ T lymphocyte was higher than those in control group obviously (P < 0.05 ). The percentage of CD3- CD(16+56) +NK cell in ITP group was lower than that in control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion IL-11, lymphocyte subgroup and NK cell change correlate with ITP morbidity closely, and the IL-11 level and the platelet possibly have the negative feedback control action.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 729-732, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392971

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects of low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on motor function and affective disorder in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods Twenty PD patients were performed by 1 Hz rTMS therapy for 15 days and 10 matched patients were performed sham stimulation. Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Unified Parkinson' s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) were assessed before and 15 days after rTMS treatment. Results After treatment with rTMS, the motor function was improved, and UPDRS total score and UPDRS-Ⅰ , UPDRS-Ⅱ, UPDRS-Ⅲ scores were decreased. UPDRS score was decreased from (38.45±17.33) to (30.95± 17.00) (t=6.780,P<0.01). At the same time, HAMD score was decreased from (12.15±7.62) to (8.75±7.31 ) (t = 5.101, P<0.01 ). The scores of somatization, blockage and sleep disorders were lowered after treatment, but the HAMA score had no significant change(t=1.757, P>0.05). The rigidity of PD patients was improved obviously. All indexes had no improvement in sham stimulation group. Conclusions Low frequency rTMS may improve motor dysfunction and affective disorder in PD patients .

15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 10491-10494, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404513

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Increased expression of survivin in various tumor tissues can regulate cell proliferation, division, and plays an important role in protecting cells from apoptosis.OBJECTIVE: To construct the specific micro RNA (miRNA) expression vector that can block the C_(57)BL mice survivin gene by RNA interference (RNAi) technique.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: The single sample observation was performed at the experimental center of Department of Neurology, The First Afliliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from June to November 2008.MATERIALS: Ring-shaped pcDNA~(TM)6.2-GW/EmGFPmiR and BLOCK-iT~(TM) Pol II miR RNA interfered Expression Vector Kit with EmGFP was produced by Invitrogen Company. DH5a E. coli was preserved at the laboratory. Xho I and BamH I enzyme, spectinomycin were provided by Shanghai Sangon Biological Engineering Technology & Services Co., Ltd.METHODS: According to sequence of mRNA of C_(57)BL mice survivin provided by Genebank, four pairs of specific oligonucleotide sequences were designed and synthesized by using the software. The annealed oligonucleotide fragment was sub-cloned into pcDNA~(TM)6.2-GW/EmGFPmiR expression vector by gene clone technique and transformed into DH5a E. coli, subsequently, a single colony was incubated into liquid medium containing spectionmycin. Finally the plasmid was extracted.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The recombinant vector was identified by sequencing and agarose gel electrophoresis.RESULTS: The sequencing revealed that insertion element was correctly cloned into the vector without nucleotide mutation, absence or insertion abnormality. The result of double enzyme digestion demonstrated that the fragment length was coincidence with expectation.CONCLUSION: The C_(57)BL mice survivin miRNA expression vector is successfully constructed.

16.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 3-6, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381341

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes in and the regularity of brainstem evoked potentials (BA-EPs) in Parkiuson's disease (PD) as an objective criterion for early diagnosis and assessment. Methods Thirty-five healthy SD rats were divided into two groups at random. Twenty-two rats were in the experimental group and 13 in the control group. The rats were injected with 8 μg of 6-OHDA solution in the right substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and the right ventral tegmentum area (VTA) to create a PD model. The BAEPs of the rats in the experimental group were recorded in a quiet shielded room before the 6-OHDA injection, and one week and two weeks after injec-tion. The control group rats were injected with saline (Ns) and their BAEPs were recorded at the corresponding times. One week and two weeks later, the model rats were injected with apomorphine (APO) and their rotating cycles were counted. Results The Ⅱ , Ⅳ, andV PLs and the Ⅲ-Ⅴ IPLs on the fight ears of the experimental group were prolonged significantly compared with the control group one week after APO injection. There was no significant differ-ence in the BAEPs of the left ears after the first week. After two weeks, the Ⅱ , Ⅳ, and Ⅴ PLs and the Ⅲ-Ⅴ, and Ⅰ-Ⅴ IPLs of the right ears in the experimental group were prolonged significantly compared with the controls and the Ⅳ, and Ⅴ PLs and the Ⅲ -Ⅴ , and Ⅰ-Ⅴ IPLs on their left ears were prolonged significantly. Conclusion In the early course of a PD model in rats, their BAEPs show abnormal changes, which indicates that BAEP could be an ob-jective criterion for early diagnosis and assessment of PD. BAEP may serve as one index of damage in PD. The Ⅲ-Ⅴ PL and Ⅰ-Ⅴ iPL are sensitive indices of PD.

17.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 529-533, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380625

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on motor function and excitability of motor cortex in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and to study the mechanism of PD from the electrophysiology. Methods Twenty-eight patients with PD received 1 Hz rTMS therapy for 15 d. Thirty normal volunteers were enrolled as controls. Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and motor evoked potential (MEP) were adopted as assessment indicators. The excitability of motor cortex was assessed by rest motor threshold (RMT), central motor conduction time (CMCT) and the amplitude of MEP. Results The initial RMTs and CMCTs of PD patients were significantly lower than those of the controls, but MEP amplitudes were not significantly different. After rTMS treatment, motor function of PD patients improved, RMTs increased and CMCTs prolonged. Conclusion In PD patients, motor function disorder and increased motor cortical excitability were observed. Low frequency rTMS may inhibit these changes to some extent.

18.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 614-617, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380494

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation(rTMS)on Parkinson's plus syndrome(PPS).Methods Fifteen in-patients with PPS were studied between 2005 and 2008.The patients received 1 Hz rTMS at an intensity 30%over the threshold.The rTMS was applied on the hand representive area of the bilateral first motor cortex,50 stimulations on each side,5 arrays,for 5 min,once daily for 15 d.Hamilton's depression scale(HAMD),Hamilton's anxiety scale(HAMA),the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale(UPDRS,which can be subdivided into UPDRS Ⅰ,UPDRS Ⅱ and UPDRS Ⅲ),an activities of daily living scale(ADL),the mini-mental state examination(MMSE)and motor evoked potential(MEP)were assessed before and immediately after 15 d of rTMS treatment. Results Average HAMD,HAMA,UPDRS,UPDRS Ⅱ and UPDRS Ⅲ scores all decreased,and ADL scores increased significantly after treatment,while UPDRSⅠand MMSE scores were unchanged before and after treatment.No significant changes in resting motor threshold or central motor conduction time of the MEP were observed after rTMS treatment. Conclusion Clinical symptoms of PPS patients improved after rTMS treatment and side effects were few.Depression,anxiety,motor function and ability in the activities of daily living improved greatly.Repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation is a potential treatment for PPS patients.There may be no correlation between the effective mechanism of rTMS and cortex excitation.

19.
Journal of Chongqing Medical University ; (12)2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-580173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of survivin expression on the mature process of dendritic cells from mouse bone marrow. Methods:The cells in marrow as the precurosor of the dendritic cells were taken from mouse in bioclean condition. Then the iDC were induced by the precurosor of DCs with GM-CSF and IL-4 in medium. ThemDC were induced by the precurosor of DCs with GM-CSF,IL-4,and TNF-? in medium. Survivin was compared by RT-PCR,and Western-bolt among these three stages. Results:The RT-PCR showed that the expression ratios of survivin mRNA among the precurosor of DCs,iDC,and mDC were(0.735?0.081),(0.596?0.073,P

20.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 307-10, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449644

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of Kangfengshi Granules (KFSG) on expressions of the mRNAs of osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) in bone tissues of rats with collagen-induced arthritis. METHODS: Forty SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal control group, untreated group, cyclosporine A (CsA)-treated group and KFSG-treated group. Except the rats in the normal control group, all the other rats received subcutaneous injection of collagen II to establish collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) models. Then the rats in each group were fed normal saline or corresponding drugs for four weeks. Total RNA was extracted from carpal and digital bones. The expressions of OPG, RANKL and M-CSF mRNAs were examined by real-time PCR. RESULTS: The total incidence of arthritis induced by collagen II in the rats was approximately 90%. The expression levels of RANKL and M-CSF mRNAs and the RANKL mRNA/OPG mRNA ratio in the untreated group, KFSG-treated group and CsA-treated group were all significantly higher than those in the normal control group, while the expression levels of OPG mRNA in those three groups were significantly lower than that in the normal control group. The expression level of OPG mRNA in the KFSG-treated group was obviously higher while the expression level of M-CSF mRNA and the RANKL mRNA/OPG mRNA ratio in the same group were both lower as compared with those in the untreated group. CONCLUSION: The molecular mechanism of effects of KFSG on bone erosion and destruction induced by rheumatoid arthritis is closely correlated with up-regulating the expression of OPG mRNA, down-regulating the expression of M-CSF mRNA and RANKL mRNA/OPG mRNA ratio.

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