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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492270

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of saxagliptin combined insulin four times to strengthen the vola-tility on blood glucose variability in patients with type 1 diabetes.Methods According to random number table meth-od,60 patients with type 1 diabetes were divided into DPP4 group(28 cases)and the control group(32 cases).The control group was given insulin four times to strengthen the volatility(insulin aspart/insulin lispro +insulin glargine /insulin detemir),the DPP4 group on the basis of insulin four times to strengthen the volatility plus the saxagliptin 5mg/d,all patients into the group after1 -3D and 13 -15D using CGMS(Medtronic)continuously monitor the blood glucose.Results (1)Within the group comparison:the DPP4 group:1 -3d after treatment:MAGE and SDBG,MBG, LAGE,PT10.0,PT3.9 were lower than before treatment,including MAGE [(6.91 ±1.63)mmol/L vs.(6.31 ± 1.42)mmol/L,t =0.993],SDBG[(2.63 ±0.81)mmol/L vs.(2.41 ±0.51)mmol/L,t =0.751],MBG[(11.51 ± 1.24)mmol/L vs.(10.87 ±2.01)mmol/L,t =1.077],LAGE[(9.43 ±1.73)mmol/L vs.(8.56 ±1.97)mmol/L, t =1.125],PT10.0[(12.99 ±5.61)% vs.(9.66 ±5.03)%,t =1.427],PT3.9[(5.51 ±2.43)% vs.(5.07 ± 2.44)%,t =1.141],there were statistically significant differences compared with before treatment(all P 0.05);13 -15d after treatment:MAGE[(6.88 ±1.49)mmol/L vs.(2.97 ±0.86)mmol/L,t =3.021],SDBG[(2.77 ±0.73)mmol/L vs.(1.12 ±0.43)mmol/L,t =1.964],MBG [(11.67 ±1.46)mmol/L vs.(7.44 ±0.93)mmol/L,t =2.760],LAGE[(9.55 ±1.77)mmol/L vs.(6.53 ±1.21)mmol/L, t =2.409],PT10.0[(13.58 ±5.14)% vs.(4.72 ±2.37)%,t =2.657],PT3.9[(5.36 ±2.05)% vs.(3.05 ± 2.60)%,t =1.840]were decreased,there were statistically significant differences compared with before treatment (P 0.05 );13 -15d after treatment:MAGE [(6.91 ±1.63 )mmol/L vs.(6.07 ± 1.36)mmol/L,t =1.223],SDBG[(2.63 ±0.81)mmol/L vs.(1.91 ±0.93)mmol/L,t =0.984],MBG[(11.51 ± 1.24)mmol/L vs.(8.82 ±1.13)mmol/L,t =1.808],LAGE[(9.43 ±1.73)mmol/L vs.(7.06 ±1.57)mmol/L, t =1.963],PT10.0[(12.99 ±5.61)% vs.(6.74 ±3.35)%,t =2.012],PT3.9[(5.51 ±2.43)% vs.(4.73 ± 2.57)%,t =1.541]were decreased,there were statistically significant differences in MBG,LAGE,PT10.0 compared with before treatment(all P <0.05).Group comparision:1 -3d after treatment:the DPP4 group:MAGE[(4.81 ± 1.15)mmol/L vs.(6.31 ±1.42)mmol/L,t =2.351],SDBG[(2.14 ±0.69)mmol/L vs.(2.41 ±0.51)mmol/L, t =1.332],MBG[(9.76 ±1.58)mmol/L vs.(10.87 ±2.01)mmol/L,t =0.856],LAGE[(7.74 ±1.88)mmol/L vs.(8.56 ±1.97)mmol/L,t =2.102],PT10.0 [(7.47 ±4.96)% vs.(9.66 ±5.03)%,t =2.667],PT3.9 [(4.64 ±2.14)% vs.(5.07 ±2.44)%,t =1.890]were all significantly lower than the control group,there were statistically significant differences in MAGE,LAGE,PT10.0 between the two groups(all P <0.05).13 -15d after treatment:the above indictors,the DPP 4 group was decreased obviously compared with the control group,MAGE [(2.97 ±0.86)mmol/L vs.(6.07 ±1.36)mmol/L,t =2.854],SDBG[(1.12 ±0.43)mmol/L vs.(1.91 ± 0.93)mmol/L,t =2.328],MBG[(7.44 ±0.93)mmol/L vs.(8.82 ±1.13)mmol/L,t =2.125],LAGE[(6.53 ± 1.21)mmol/L vs.(7.06 ±1.57)mmol/L,t =2.111],PT10.0[(4.72 ±2.37)% vs.(6.74 ±3.35)%,t =2.312] and PT3.9 [(3.05 ±2.60)% vs.(4.73 ±2.57)%,t =2.237],there were statistically significant differences between the two groups (P <0.05 or P <0.01).Conclusion The combination of DPP4 inhibitors and insulin four renforcement can improve blood glucose fluctuation in patients with type 1 diabetes,reduce the dosage of insulin and not increase incidence of hypoglycemic events.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 606-610, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436831

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods The literature about HRT in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis were searched.Eleven papers were subjected to a Meta-analysis and a heterogeneity test was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of HRT.Results HRT reduced the level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in RA patients (P=0.016),the SMD was-0.22(-0.40,-0.04); improved bone mineral density (BMD) in RA patients (P=0.022),the WMD was 2.83(0.41,5.26); decreased clinical parameters for disease activity evaluations of RA patients (P=0.048),the SMD was-0.19 (-0.38,0.00); decreased the level of C-reactive protein (CRP) in RA patients,the SMD was-0.08 (-0.37,0.21),but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.591).Conclusion The findings from this Meta-analysis indicate that HRT can reduce the ESR level,improve clinical indexes and improve BMD level of RA patients.HRT may suppress disease activity and osteoporosis of RA patients,so it may be used as an auxiliary therapy in the treatment of RA.

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