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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1111-1115, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956266

ABSTRACT

Intestinal microorganisms are closely related to human health or disease status. Spinal cord injury is a serious traumatic disease of the nervous system. Recent studies have shown that intestinal flora can affect the progression of spinal cord injury. At the same time, intestinal flora is closely related to spinal cord injury complications such as anxiety, depression, aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, constipation, neurocystitis and urinary system infection through intestinal-brain axis, intestinal-lung axis and oral-pulmonary axis. In this paper, the intestinal flora will be used as the starting point to explore the relationship between spinal cord injury, intestinal flora and spinal cord injury complications, providing new ideas for the treatment of spinal cord injury patients and the prevention of complications.

2.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 311-315, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of combining transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with functional electrical stimulation-assisted cycling (FES-cycling) on lower limb motor function early after a stroke.Methods:Thirty-seven survivors of a recent stroke were divided into a tDCS treatment group ( n=18) and a pseudo-stimulation group ( n=19). While receiving routine rehabilitation training and clinical drug treatment, the tDCS treatment group also cycled in response to functional electrical stimulation while simultaneously receiving tDCS anode stimulation of the motor cortex M1 area. The pseudo-stimulation group followed the same protocol but with the tDCS stimulation inactivated. Both groups were treated for 20min daily, 5 days weekly for 4 weeks. Before and after the 4 weeks of treatment, the lower limb motor function, walking ability and ability in the activities of daily living of both groups were evaluated using the Fugl-Meyer assessment scale for the lower extremities (FMA-LE), the timed up and go test (TUGT) and the modified Barthel index (MBI) respectively. Transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to detect each subject′s cerebral cortex motor threshold (CMT) , cortical latency (CL) and central motor conduction time (CMCT) as well as the amplitude (Amp) of the motor evoked potential of the lower limb primary motor cortex (M1 area). Results:After 4 weeks of treatment, the average FMA-LE and MBI scores and TUGT times of the two groups had improved significantly compared with those before treatment. The average FMA-LE score and TUGT time of the tDCS group were significantly better than those of the pseudo-stimulation group. The average CMT, CL and CMCT in both groups were significantly lower than those before the intervention, while the average Amp had increased significantly, but there were significant differences in the average CMT, Amp, CL and CMCT between the two groups after the 4 weeks of treatment.Conclusions:Transcranial direct current stimulation combined with cycling assisted by functional electrical stimulation can effectively stimulate excitability in the motor cortex soon after a stroke. That should promote the recovery of nerve activity and lower limb function.

3.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 741-749, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814969

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the current status on knowledge for unintentional injury and risky behavior among school-age children in Changsha, China, and to provide scientific evidence for the preventive strategies.
@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study was conducted on 866 students who were between 6 and 12 years old in Changsha. Two primary schools were selected by stratified cluster random sampling from all primary schools of Changsha city to collect the information regarding knowledge for unintentional injury and risky behavior occurring in the 6-month period before the survey.
@*RESULTS@#The mean score for knowledge of unintentional injury was 11.83±2.38. The levels of knowledge for unintentional injury differed significantly in child's age, parents' education background and child's injury history (P0.05).
@*CONCLUSION@#It is a common phenomenon in school-age children who are lack of the knowledge for unintentional injury and risky behavior. This study provides useful information on the risk factors for unintentional injury and risky behavior, which would be significant for prevention program.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Accidents , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Parents , Risk Factors , Risk-Taking , Schools , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Wounds and Injuries
4.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 547-552, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420951

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment including ex-utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure to improve the prenatal survival rate of fetus with neck mass.Methods Multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment model were carried out in four pregnancy women with fetal neck mass from September 2007 to February 2010.The model included prenatal assessment and monitoring,EXIT procedure during cesarean section,neonatal reassessment and surgical treatment by the cooperation of obstetricians,neonatologists,children surgeons,sonographers and anesthetists.Results All patients underwent cesarean section after 37gestational weeks.Mean delivery time was 37+4 weeks (37-38+3 weeks); mean birth weight was 2972 g (2600-3250 g); mean operation time was 4 min (2-7 min).The gestational age of primary diagnosis of fetal neck mass was 24-34 gestational weeks.After delivery,the size of neck mass was from 3.0 cm × 2.0 cm × 1.0 cm to 6.2 cm× 5.8 cm × 6.8 cm.The tracheal compression and displacement were found by color doppler ultrasound scan and magnetic resonance imaging in all cases.Two of them were completed with polyhydramnios and the others with normal volume of amniotic fluid.EXIT procedure was successfully carried out during cesarean section.Neonatal reassessment showed the trachea of three infants were obviously compressed and lapsed by enhanced CT; the infants relied on mechanical ventilation after birth and underwent operation on day 6 to 8.Tracheal impression was not presented in one infant and trachea cannula was removed on the second day,operation was not performed.All of those infants had good outcomes.Conclusions The multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment model,including EXIT procedure,is a safe,efficient and feasible strategy,which is necessary for fetus with neck mass.

5.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 767-770, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430464

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the functional profiles of organ transplant patients using the International Classification of Functioning,Disability,and Health (ICF) core set.Methods The patients were enrolled 5 to 10 days after discharge following an organ transplant.The Functional Independence Measure (FIM),Barthel Index (BI) and the ICF core set were used to assess them.Analysis was conducted by grouping the kidney transplant patients (group A) separately from the heart,lung and liver transplant patients (group B).The prevalence of sevcre impairment in each group was calculated and compared.Results Average FIM and BI secores were both significantly higher in group A than in group B.No severe or total impairment was observed in group A,but in group B,the prevalence of 5 categories (ie.b455,b730,s430,d415 and d450) was significantly greater than in group A.The most prevalent were poor exercise tolerance (b455,56.8%),low muscle power (b730,54.5%),difficulty in maintaining a body position (d415,54.5%),and impaired walking (d450,45%) With regard to the environment factors,the prevalence of e110 (products or substances for personal consumption) and e120 (products and technology for personal use in daily living) were both significantly different in the two groups.Conclusion Heart,lung and liver transplant patients transplant demonstrated more impairments than the kidney transplant patients.All the organ transplant patients deserve early evaluation for detecting any possible impairment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 484-485, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958971

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the effect of nursing intervention on the hyponatremia after cervical spinal cord injury. Methods 60 patients with the hyponatremia after cervical spinal cord injury were divided into a control group (n=30) and a nursing intervention group (n=30). The control group was just given a general treatment on hyponatremia, while the nursing intervention group was given a systematic nursing intervention of hyponatremia by the duty nurse concerned. The serum sodium value and the course of disease of the two groups were both analyzed a month after nursing intervention. Results Compared with the control group, the value of serum sodium in the nursing intervention group got a significant rise with a shorter course and a less relapsed cases (P<0.01). Conclusion Nursing intervention may improve the hyponatremia after cervical spinal cord injury.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 777-779, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961461

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the effect of individual rehabilitation nursing guidance on the initiative of rehabilitation therapy of spinalcord injury patients. Methods 50 spinal cord injured patients were divided into conventional group (group A) and individualized group(group B). Group A was given conventional rehabilitation nursing guidance. Group B was given special rehabilitation nursing guidance consideringthe patients' and their families' requirement. Initiative of rehabilitation therapy was assessed between group A and group B beforeand 2 months after intervention. Results Group A had no significant increasing of initiative assessment score (P<0.05) 2 months, while theinitiative assessment score of group B increased significantly (P<0.01), even group B was better than group A (P<0.05) after the intervention.Conclusion Individual rehabilitation nursing guidance may facilitate to improve the initiative of SCI patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 754-757, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961451

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To investigate the acquaintance of secondary spinal cord injury (sSCI) of patients and medical workers. Methods 260 patients with sSCI, 145 nurses and 45 doctors were surveyed by questionnaire on the principle of convenience sampling. Results 20% patients knew about sSCI before injured, 41.5% patients took site protection; 90% nurses and 100% doctors knew about sSCI. Conclusion Related knowledge should be publicized to decrease the rate of sSCI and raise people' consciousness, and medical workers should be strengthened health education.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 229-231, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390310

ABSTRACT

A rat model of metabolic syndrome was induced by high glucose plus high fat diet and treated by tea polyphenols for 10 weeks.The results showed that the levels of fasting blood glucose,triglyceride,cholesterol,low-density lipoprotein cholesterol,and free fatty acid in tea polyphenols treatment group were significantly lower than those in control group(all P<0.05),along with decreased TNF-α,IFN-γ,iNOS mRNA and protein expressions,and IL-1β protein expression in pancreatictissue (all P<0.05).Under electron microscope,more secretory granules in islet beta cells and impoveddisorganization of cellular organ were shown in tea polyphenols treatment group compared with metabolic syndrome group.The results suggest that tea polyphenols are able to protect islet β cells against oxidative damage via inhibiting the production of inflammatory cytokines.

10.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 194-197,215, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540230

ABSTRACT

Objective This article was designed to observe the effects of astragalus polysaccharides (APS) on glucose and lipid metabolism, and on expressions of proxisome proliferator activated receptors-α (PPAR-α) and its downstream genes in diabetic hamsters cardiomyopathy. Methods Forty-five hamsters were divided into 3 groups randomly: normal control group (15 normal hamsters), diabetic control group [15 streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic hamsters], and astragalus polysaccharides (APS)-therapy group (15 STZ-induced diabetic hamsters administered with APS 2 g/kg per day orally for 10 weeks). The levels of insulin, C-peptide, myocardial enzymes, glycosylated serum protein (GSP) and lipoprotein of all hamsters were measured. The ultrastructure of myocardium was studied, and the gene and protein expressions of PPAR-α, FATP and ACS were also detected by fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot. Results It was shown that Compared with DM group, the levels of GSP, myocardial enzymes and lipoprotein of hamsters in APS-therapy group were lower, the myocardial ultrastructure of hamsters in APS-therapy group was well-protected, and the gene and protein expression of PPAR-α, FATP and ACS of hamsters in APS-therapy group were higher. Conclusions APS is partly effective in treating diabetic cardiomyopathy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 440-442, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393337

ABSTRACT

e tissue and myocardium, as well as myocardial uhrastructure were well-improved; the gene expressions of PPAR-α and GLUT4 were raised in APSgroup. APS may be partially effective in treating diabetic cardiomyopathy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 694-698, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380316

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate content validity and construct validity of International Classification of Functioning,Disability and Health(ICF)Core Set for patients with organ transplantation.Methods Patients with kidney,liver,heart,or lung transplantation were assessed with ICF Core Set questionnaire,Functional Independence Measure(FIM)and Barthel Index(BI).Content validity was evaluated with frequency and percentage of patients with a problem for each ICF category,while construct validity was evaluated with Spearman correlation between ICF categories with FIM and BI.Results A consecutive sample of 102 patients completed this study.In body functions,10 categories were reported as a problem by more than 30% of the patients,of which 22 categories correlated significantly with FIM or BI.In body structures,structure areas of skin(s810)were reported as a problem by 30% of the patients,of which 3 categories correlated significantly with FIM or BI.In activities and participation,3 categories were reported as a problem by 30% of the patients,of which 15 categories correlated significantly with FIM and BI.In environmental factors,8 categories were reported as a facilitator by 30% of the patients,of which 8 categories correlated significantly with FIM or BI.Conclusion The content validity and construct validity of ICF Core Set for patients early after organ transplantation were good.

13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1021-1022, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977734

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To observe the effect of psychological nursing on anxiety after spinal cord injury.Methods60 inpatients were divided into group A(normal nursing)and group B(additional psychological nursing).They were evaluated with Self-Rating Anxiety Scale(SAS)when they were hospitalized and 1 month later.ResultsThe scores of SAS obviously decreased in both groups 1 month later(P<0.01),while that of group B were more obviously than group A(P<0.01).ConclusionThe routine nursing could relieve the anxiety symptoms of SCI patients.It is more effective in addition with psychological nursing and healthy education.

14.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 49-52, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficiency of maternal serum triple screening for the genetic abnormality in second-trimester and the morbidity of adverse pregnancy outcome in false positive results of the test. Methods: A total of 4 680 pregnant women with singleton pregnancies assigned in Obs & Gyn Hospital, Fudan University, underwent triple screening test (alpha fetoprotein, AFP; human chorionic gonadotropin, HCG and unconjugated estriol, uE3) by fluorescence enzyme immunoassay between 2003 and 2005. The valid MoM (Multiples of Median) value of mid-trimester serum AFP, uE3, and hCG and risk assessments was provided by Beckman Coulter Co. When applied in the prenatal Down syndrome screening service. The study compares the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities with Down syndrome in screen positive women and compares to the MoM value established in the literature. The risks of having a fetus with congenital abnormalities or of developing obstetric complications in the screen positive women with their matched controls.Results:The MoM values for the triple tests of our study are similar to established values of literature. Only 51.01% women with pregnancies agree to receive screening. Amniocentesis utilization rate was 55.12% in the screen-positive pregnancies. The false positive rate was 6.89% and the median of maternal age of the women was 28.13 (range 19 to 49) years old. Chromosomal abnormalities were identified in 21 pregnancies, including 9 cases of trisomy 21.The detection rate was 77.77%. Pregnancies with positive screening results had a significantly higher risk of adverse outcomes than those with negative results (P< 0.05). Whereas there was no difference in the incidences of fetal congenital appearance or skeleton abnormality. Conclusion: Adjusting MoM values of local unaffected populations is limited to increasing the detection rate. Because chromosomal defects have variable exhibitions, amniocentesis utilization is still a choice for screen-positive pregnancies. Screen-positive pregnancies had increased risk of chromosomal abnormalities.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12)1986.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541659

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of tea polyphenols on proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of human thyroid papillary carcinoma cells (CGTH W-3) in vitro. Methods The effects of various concentrations of tea polyphenols on proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of CGTH W-3 cells were observed by MTT assay, plate scarification assay and flow cytometer, respectively. Results Tea polyphenols(50-400 mg/L) inhibited the proliferation of CGTH W-3 cells with dose-and time-dependent manners. The IC_50 of tea polyphenols to CGTH W-3 cells was 240 mg/L (1st day), 229 mg/L (3 rd day), 200 mg/L (5th day) and 118 mg/L (7th day). The cell free zoster which reflected the invasive ability was widened by tea polyphenols. The apoptosis percentage of CGTH W-3 cells incubated with tea polyphenols for 48 h was obviously increased, with 3.51% in control group, 12.61% with 100 mg/L tea polyphenols, 52.97% with 200 mg/L tea polyphenols and 70.79% with 400 mg/L tea polyphenols (all P

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