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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 313-317, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006081

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the related factors of emotional and behavioral abnormalities in children with overactive bladder (OAB). 【Methods】 OAB children (aged 6 to 16 years) in a survey of 5 032 children from a county in Henan Province during Sep.2022 and Dec.2022 were identified and surveyed with Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). According to the SDQ score, they were divided into abnormal group (SDQ≥20) and normal group. 【Results】 There were 35.7%(137/385) cases in the abnormal group and 64.3% (248/385) in the normal group. Gender, education level of caregivers, body mass index (BMI), age, constipation, enuresis and severity of OAB were significantly associated with emotional and behavioral abnormalities (P<0.05). Children in the abnormal group showed significant differences in emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity symptoms, peer interaction and sleep (P<0.001). Multivariate regression analysis revealed significant differences in gender, educational level of caregi-vers, BMI, age, constipation, enuresis, severity of OAB and PSQI between the two groups (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The prevalence of emotional and behavioral abnormalities is high in children with OAB, which is related to female gender, high BMI, puberty, constipation, enuresis and severity of OAB.

2.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 283-286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006075

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the possibility of using voiding diary (VD) to predict desmopressin diacetate arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) and enuresis alarm (EA) in the treatment of primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE). 【Methods】 A total of 100 children (aged 6 to 14 years) with PMNE treated during Jan.2018 and Oct.2022 were involved. Bladder type was classified with two-week VD. Pseudo-randomization was performed using the Danish REDCap system to group patients into the randomized group and VD group. All patients were treated for 8 weeks. 【Results】 A total of 82 cases met the inclusive criteria. The effective rate was 82.50% (33/40) and 59.52% (25/42) in the VD and randomized groups, respectively, with significant difference (χ2=5.224, P=0.022). In the randomized group, if VD was not considered, the effective rate in the DDAVP and EA subgroups was 81.82% (18/22) and 25.00% (5/20), respectively, with significant difference (χ2=13.625, P=0.000). 【Conclusion】 VD can predict the therapeutic effects of PMNE. It is necessary to record VD for two weeks before selecting appropriate treatment methods. For patients who choose treatment without reference to VD, DDAVP shows better response than EA, but the recurrence rate after discontinuation of treatment requires further follow-up.

3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 426-432, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978404

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the prevalence of overweight or obesity in community patients with schizophrenia in Shanghai and to explore the related factors. MethodsStratified cluster sampling method was used and the general condition, physical examination and laboratory examination data of patients with schizophrenia who voluntarily participated in 2020 free health examination of National Basic Public Health Service were analyzed. ResultsA total of 3 200 patients were included into the study ,and the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 36.75% and 17.19%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that age between 40 and 60 (OR=1.333, 95%CI: 1.030‒1.724), intake of first-generation antipsychotics (OR=1.413, 95%CI: 1.112‒1.796), intake of second-generation antipsychotics (OR=1.573, 95%CI: 1.288‒1.921), high-normal blood pressure (OR=1.549, 95%CI: 1.245‒1.927), high-abnormal blood pressure (OR=2.824, 95%CI: 2.204‒3.619), elevated ALT (OR=1.874, 95%CI: 1.386‒2.535), elevated FBG (OR=1.270, 95%CI: 1.066‒1.513), and elevated TG (OR=1.652, 95%CI: 1.335‒2.044) were the related factors that associated overweight or obesity in patients with schizophrenia. ConclusionOverweight and obesity are highly prevalent among community patients with schizophrenia in Shanghai. Age between 40 and 60, taking first-generation and second-generation antipsychotics, blood pressure higher than 120/80 mmHg, elevated ALT, elevated FBG, and elevated TG are associated with overweight or obesity in patients with schizophrenia. To provide personalized health guidance, medical staff in primary health care institutions should pay more attention to high-risk groups of overweight and obesity in schizophrenia patients at annual physical examination.

4.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 265-271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991003

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of LASSO regression prediction of lymph nodes around hepatic artery metastasis based on blood routine index in patients with distant gastric cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 110 patients with distant gastric cancer from June 2018 to February 2022 in Jieshou People′s Hospital were retrospective analyzed. Among them, 43 patients had lymph nodes around hepatic artery metastases (metastasis group), and 67 patients have not lymph nodes around hepatic artery metastases (non-metastasis group). The basic clinical data were recorded; the routine blood test was detected, the indexes including white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, lymphocyte count, platelet count, lymphocyte percentage, acidophil count, basophils count, hemoglobin, red blood cell distribution width (RDW), platelet distribution width (PDW) and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR). The R language 4.1.0 software "grpreg" package was used to establish a Group LASSO Logistic regression analysis model to finally select the factors predicting lymph node around hepatic arterial metastasis in patients with distal gastric cancer. Nomogram were made using R language 3.5.3 software package and rms program package, calculated the consistency index (C-index), and the accuracy of the model was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, NLR and lymphocyte percentage in metastasis group were significantly higher than those in non-metastasis group: (12.16 ± 1.62) × 10 9/L vs. (9.38 ± 2.64) × 10 9/L, (73.36 ± 6.94)% vs. (52.21 ± 6.23)%, 3.23 ± 0.63 vs. 2.35 ± 0.13 and (48.62 ± 3.64)% vs. (31.02 ± 2.94)%, the acidophil count and basophils count were significantly lower than those in non-metastasis group: (0.31 ± 0.03) × 10 9/L vs. (0.36 ± 0.04) × 10 9/L and (0.08 ± 0.01) × 10 9/L vs. (0.09 ± 0.02) × 10 9/L, the degree of differentiation and TNM stage were also worse than those in non-metastasis group, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The nomogram was constructed to predict lymph nodes around hepatic artery metastasis based on the degree of differentiation, TNM stage, white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, NLR, lymphocyte percentage, acidophil count and basophils count in patients with distant gastric cancer, the scores of each indexes were 20.64, 26.42, 32.83, 25.78, 38.46, 35.65, 29.06 and 18.26 scores, the total score (227.10 scores) was the incidence of the nomogram model (29.82%). The validation result showed C-index of 0.819 and 0.806 (95% CI 0.785 to 0.864 and 0.779 to 0.816), and the correction curves for both sets were fitted well to the ideal curve with AUC of 0.801 and 0.810 (95% CI 0.784 to 0.826 and 0.795 to 0.852), and the decision curve showed high net benefit value with threshold probability from 1% to 9%. Conclusions:LASSO regression model combined with white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, NLR, lymphocyte percentage, acidophil count and basophils count is ideal to predict lymph nodes around hepatic artery metastasis in patients with distant gastric cancer.

5.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e4-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967910

ABSTRACT

Background@#in vitro culture of preantral follicles is a promising technology for fertility preservation. @*Objectives@#This study aims to investigate an optimized three-dimensional (3D) fetal bovine serum (FBS)-free preantral follicle culture system having a simple and easy operation. @*Methods@#The isolated follicles from mouse ovaries were randomly divided in an ultra-low attachment 96-well plates supplement with FBS or bovine serum albumin (BSA) culture or encapsulated with an alginate supplement with FBS or BSA culture. Meanwhile, estradiol (E 2 ) concentration was assessed through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of culture supernatants. The diameter of follicular growth was measured, and the lumen of the follicle was photographed. Spindle microtubules of oocytes were detected via immunofluorescence.The ability of oocytes to fertilize was assessed using in vitro fertilization. @*Results@#The diameters were larger for the growing secondary follicles cultured in ultra-low attachment 96-well plates than in the alginate gel on days 6, 8, and 10 (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, the E 2 concentration in the BSA-supplemented medium was significantly higher in the alginate gel than in the other three groups on days 6 and 8 (p < 0.05), and the oocytes in the FBS-free system could complete meiosis and fertilization in vitro. @*Conclusions@#The present study furnishes insights into the mature oocytes obtained from the 3D culture of the preantral follicle by using ultra-low attachment 96-well plate with an FBSfree system in vitro and supports the clinical practices to achieve competent, mature oocytes for in vitro fertilization.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 203-209, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the urodynamic characteristics in parkinsonian-type multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and Parkinson′s disease (PD) patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and to identify the differential diagnostic ability of urodynamic study.Methods:Sixty-eight MSA-P patients and 85 PD patients with LUTS who underwent urodynamic studies and were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from February 2017 to December 2020 were reviewed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the discriminatory power of urodynamic parameters.Results:Compared with PD, patients with MSA-P had shorter disease duration [2.70 (2.05, 3.00) years vs 5.00 (4.00, 6.00) years, Z=-7.44, P<0.001]. In free uroflowmetry (UFM) and pressure-flow study (PFS), patients with MSA-P showed lower maximal flow rate [Qmax; UFM-Qmax 6.00 (3.00, 8.75) ml/s vs 9.00 (6.00, 14.00) ml/s, Z=-4.31, P<0.001; PFS-Qmax[6.00 (3.00, 8.75) ml/s vs 9.00 (6.00, 14.00) ml/s, Z=-4.03, P<0.001] and larger postvoid residual [PVR;UFM-PVR 207.50 (113.75, 280.00) ml vs 45.00 (10.00, 117.50) ml, Z =-6.03, P<0.001; PFS-PVR 269.00 (148.75, 337.50) ml vs 75.00 (20.00, 167.50) ml, Z=-6.55, P<0.001)] with decreased compliance [42.65% (29/68) vs 14.12% (12/85), χ 2=15.68, P<0.001], decreased detrusor pressure at maximun flow rate [PdetQmax; 13.00 (6.00, 27.75) cmH 2O vs 27.00 (15.00, 39.50) cmH 2O, Z=-4.65, P<0.001; 1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa] and impaired contractility [43.00 (34.00, 59.25) vs 79.00 (46.50, 100.00), Z=-5.44, P<0.001]. Compared with the MSA-P patients, detrusor overactivity (DO) was prominent in PD [54.41% (37/68) vs 78.82% (67/85), χ 2=10.34, P=0.001]. The ROC curve results showed that PFS-PVR had highest area under the curve (AUC), which was 0.81 (95% CI 0.74-0.88, P<0.001), followed by UFM-PVR, bladder contractility index and PdetQmax (0.78, 0.76 and 0.72, respectively). Conclusions:Patients with MSA-P showed lower Qmax and larger PVR with decreased bladder compliance and impaired contractility, while patients with PD had higher incidence of DO. The ROC results showed that PFS-PVR had the highest AUC and specificity in the differential diagnosis of MSA-P and PD,indicating that urodynamic study is a useful tool in differential diagnosis of patients with MSA-P and PD with lower urinary tract symptoms.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 302-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the urodynamic characteristics of bladder function in patients with abnormal urination after radical hysterectomy of cervical cancer.Methods:In a prospective self-controlled study, a total of 84 patients with cervical cancer and clinical stage of ⅠB to ⅡA, meeting the preoperative inclusion criteria in our hospital from January 2016 to June 2018 were enrolled.All patients were tested for urodynamic testing 1 week before and 6 months after surgery.Patient bladder function status was observed and evaluated before and after surgery and urodynamic examination results were analyzed.Results:Of 84 study cases, the 58 patients developed abnormal urination after radical surgery, there were no urination abnormalities in 26 cases.There was no significant difference in age, clinical stage and pathological diagnosis between patients with and without urination abnormalities.Abnormal urination after radical surgery included difficulty in urinating(55%), frequent urination with a feeling of urination not complete(34%), stress urinary incontinence(7%), and urinary incontinence(4%). Among the 26 patients without urination abnormalities after radical surgery, only one case showed an abnormal urodynamic examination(abnormal bladder sensation). In patients without abnormal urination after surgery, differences in the urodynamic examination findings between pre-and post-surgery were not statistically significant(all P> 0.05). At the same time, in all cases of abnormal urination after radical hysterectomy of cervical cancer, 43 patients(74%)with bladder dysfunction had normal urination pattern before operation, but after operation, the urination abnormality required abdominal pressure.Of the patients with bladder dysfunction after surgery, the maximum flow rate(Qmax)was(12.9±10.3)ml/s, the average flow rate(Qave)was(6.0±4.2)ml/s, the voided volume was(148.0±36.8)ml, voiding time was(32.9±22.1)s, maximum flow time was(11.4±5.0)s, postvoid residual urine was(260.2±219.2)ml, maximal detrusor pressure was(12.1±8.9)cmH 2O, bladder compliance was(16.1±4.3)ml/cmH 2O, normal desire to void was(354.5±204.3)ml, maximal capacity was(587.4±152.5)ml, maximum urethral pressure was(97.6±33.1)cmH 2O, maximum urethral closure pressure was(89.9±36.4)cmH 2O, and function urethral length was(29.6±6.5)mm; In comparison, the above indexes-corresponding values at 1 week before surgery were respectively as follows: the Qmax was(25.1±11.4)ml/s, the Qave was(11.4±6.6)ml/s, the voided volume was(318.6±96.4)ml, voiding time was(29.2±18.5)s, maximum flow time was(6.7±3.9)s, postvoid residual urine was(29.9±21.5)ml, maximal detrusor pressure was(31.9±21.4)cmH 2O, bladder compliance was(78.1±33.9)ml/cmH 2O, normal desire to void was(258.2±185.5)ml, maximal capacity was(335.1±124.9)ml, maximum urethral pressure was(96.4±33.9)cm H 2O, maximum urethral closure pressure was(88.5±35.2)cmH 2O, and function urethral length was(37.2±7.2)mm.It can be seen that Qmax, Qave, voided volume, maximum detrusor pressure, bladder compliance, and functional urethral length in patients with abnormal urination are significantly lower after radical hysterectomy of cervical cancer than before the surgery.While, normal desire to void, maximum capacity, maximum flow time, and postvoid residual urine volume were higher after radical hysterectomy than before surgery( P<0.05). In addition, there was no significant difference in voiding time, maximum urethral pressure and maximum urethral closure pressure between pre-and post-operation.Besides, it is worth noting that there was no significant difference in preoperative urodynamic test results between patients without abnormal urination versus patients with abnormal urination( P>0.05), and the difference in urodynamic test results between the two groups is statistically significant( P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in abnormal urination and in urodynamic test results between different clinical stages and between different pathological types( P>0.05). Conclusions:The characteristics of urinary dynamics in patients with abnormal urination after radical hysterectomy of cervical cancer are mainly manifested as decreased bladder sensory function and abnormal detrusor function.And the urodynamic test can provide objective clinical indicators for early diagnosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 545-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of sacubitril valsartan sodium tablets on serum tenascin-C (TN-C) level and myocardial remodeling in patients of chronic left heart failure (CHF) complicated with renal failure.Methods:A total of 84 patients with chronic left heart failure complicated with renal failure admitted to Qinhuangdao Jungong Hospital from October 2020 to October 2021 were included and divided into the observation group (treated with sacubitril valsartan sodium tablets) and the control group (treated with valsartan), with 42 cases in each group according to the random number table method. The clinical efficacy of the two groups was compared after 3 months of treatment. The TN-C level and cardiac function index left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), troponin T (cTnT) and other index before the treatment and after 3 months of treatment were compared between the two groups.Results:After 3 months of treatment, the total effective rate between the two groups had no significant difference ( P>0.05). After 3 months of treatment, the TN-C level in the observation group was lower than that in the control group: (32.42 ± 4.22) μg/L vs. (37.32 ± 4.86) μg/L; and the LVEF in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: (41.21 ± 5.39)% vs. (37.76 ± 5.45)%, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The LVEDD and cTnT in the two groups had no significant differences ( P>0.05). After 3 months of treatment, neuroendocrine factors norepinephrine, aldosterone, angiotensin Ⅱlevels in the in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (1 668.60 ± 251.19) pmol/L vs. (2 005.86 ± 280.91) pmol/L, (246.97 ± 13.99) ng/L vs. (275.41 ± 19.38) ng/L, (99.68 ± 8.57) ng/L vs. (112.20 ± 9.52) ng/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Sacubitril valsartan sodium tablets have a good effect in the treatment of CHF complicated with renal failure, which can improve the cardiac function and inhibit the over-activation of neuroendocrine hormones.

9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 348-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and clinical significance of Eltrombopag combined with immunosuppression therapy(IST) in the treatment of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) in children.Methods:Clinical data of 63 children with initially diagnosed SAA in the Department of Hematology of Xinxiang Central Hospital from May 2017 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.All of them were all donors without siblings and they were classified into observation group (31 cases) and control group (32 cases). Patients in the observation group received IST combined with Eltrombopag treatment, and those in the control group received IST treatment.The Chi- square test was used to compare the overall remission (OR) rate and complete remission (CR) rate at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months, and incidence of infection and significant bleeding between groups.The t-test was used to compare the application of gra-nulocyte colony stimulating factor, the mean red blood cell transfusion, and the mean platelet infusion volume between groups.Kaplan-Meier method was adopted to analyze the 2-year overall survival (OS) rate and failure-free survival (FFS) rate, followed by the Log- rank test. Results:The 3-month and 6-month OR rate of the observation group were 61.29%(19/31 cases) and 80.64% (25/31 cases), respectively, which was significantly higher than that of the control group [37.50%(12/32 cases) and 59.38%(19/32 cases), χ2=45.27, 43.81, respectively, all P<0.05]. The 3-month and 6-month CR rate of the observation group were 32.26%(10/31 cases) and 45.16%(14 /31 cases), respectively, which was significantly higher than that of the control group [15.62%(5/32 cases) and 28.13%(9/32 cases), χ2=47.02, 48.35, respectively, all P<0.05]. The 12-month OR rate and CR rate in the observation group were 83.87%(26/31 cases), and 64.52%(20/31 cases), respectively, which were 81.25%(26/32 cases), and 59.38%(19/32 cases), respectively in the control group, and no significant differences in them were detected between the two groups (all P>0.05). The total amount of granulocyte colony stimulating factors [(13.58±4.28) doses vs.(23.24±6.68) doses, t=2.591], and the mean infusion volume of red blood cells [(5.48±1.67) U vs.(10.58±3.67) U, t=2.040] and platelets (4.15±2.47) bags vs.(9.15±3.87) bags, t=2.744) used in observation group within 6 months of treatment were significantly lower than those of the control group (all P<0.05). The rate of infection (16.13% vs.43.75%, χ2=47.12) and significant bleeding (16.13% vs.37.50%, χ2=44.52) in the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group (all P<0.05). The 2-year OS rate of the observation group and control group were 93.55% (29/31 cases), and 87.50% (28/32 cases), respectively.No significant difference in the OS rate was found between groups ( P=0.407 3), nor as the 2-year FFS rate(87.10% vs.78.13%, P=0.326 6). Conclusions:IST combined with Eltrombopag can significantly improve the early treatment response rate of SAA children without a sibling identical donor, which can reduce red blood cell and platelet transfusion, and the incidence of infection and bleeding.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1078-1084, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of prevention and treatment of esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EVB) in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients in Ningxia region.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinical data of 820 cirrhotic portal hypertension patients who were admitted to 21 medical centers in Niangxia region from January 2018 to December 2020 were collected, including 85 cases in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region People′s Hospital, 73 cases in the Fifth People′s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, 59 cases in the Wuzhong People′s Hospital, 52 cases in the Qingtongxia People′s Hospital, 50 cases in the Guyuan People′s Hospital, 47 cases in the Yuanzhou District People′s Hospital of Guyuan City, 47 cases in the Yinchuan Second People′s Hospital, 40 cases in the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, 40 cases in the Tongxin People′s Hospital, 35 cases in the Yinchuan First People′s Hospital, 34 cases in the Third People′s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, 32 cases in the Zhongwei People′s Hospital, 30 cases in the Lingwu People′s Hospital, 30 cases in the Wuzhong New District Hospital, 30 cases in the Yanchi People′s Hospital, 29 cases in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28 cases in the Shizuishan Second People′s Hospital, 25 cases in the Shizuishan First People′s Hospital, 21 cases in the Haiyuan People′s Hospital, 20 cases in the Pengyang People′s Hospital, 13 cases in the Longde People′s Hospital. There were 538 males and 282 females, aged (56±13)years. Observation indicators: (1) clinical charac-teristics of cirrhotic portal hypertension patients; (2) overall prevention and treatment of EVB in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients; (3) prevention and treatment of EVB in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients from different grade hospitals. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Results:(1) Clinical characteristics of cirrhotic portal hypertension patients: of 820 cirrhotic portal hypertension patients, 271 cases were in compensated stage and 549 cases were in decompensated stage. Of the 271 cases in compensated stage, there were 183 maels and 88 females, aged (53±12)years. There were 185 Han people, 85 Hui people and 1 case of other ethic group. The etiological data of liver cirrhosis showed 211 cases of viral hepatitis B, 4 cases of alcoholic liver disease, 8 cases of viral hepatitis C, and 48 cases of other etiology. There were 235 cases of Child-Pugh grade A and 36 cases lack of data. Of the 549 cases in decompensated stage, there were 355 males and 194 females, aged (57±14) years. There were 373 Han people, 174 Hui people and 2 cases of other ethic group. The etiological data of liver cirrhosis showed 392 cases of viral hepatitis B, 33 cases of alcoholic liver disease, 10 cases of viral hepatitis C, and 114 cases of other etiology. There were 80 cases of Child-Pugh grade A, 289 cases of grade B, 170 cases of grade C and 10 cases lack of data. (2) Overall prevention and treatment of EVB in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients: of 271 patients in compensated stage, 38 cases received non-selective β-blocker (NSBB) therapy, 16 cases received endoscopic treatment, 6 cases received interventional therapy. Of 549 patients in decompensated stage, 68 cases received NSBB therapy, 46 cases received endoscopic treatment, 28 cases received interventional therapy. (3) Prevention and treatment of EVB in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients from different grade hospitals: of 271 patients in compensated stage, 181 cases came from tertiary hospitals, of which 28 cases received NSBB therapy, 15 cases received endoscopic treatment, 6 cases received interventional therapy. Ninety cases came from secondary hospitals, of which 10 cases received NSBB therapy, 1 cases received endoscopic treatment. There was no significant difference in NSBB for prevention of EVB between tertiary and secondary hospitals ( χ2=0.947, P>0.05), while there was a significant difference in endoscopic treatment for prevention of EVB between tertiary and secondary hospitals ( χ2=5.572, P<0.05). Of 549 patients in decompensated stage, 309 cases came from tertiary hospitals, of which 22 cases received NSBB therapy, 29 cases received endoscopic treatment, 22 cases received interventional therapy. Two hundreds and fourty cases came from secondary hospitals, of which 46 cases received NSBB therapy, 17 cases received endoscopic treatment, 6 cases received interven-tional therapy. There were significant differences in NSBB and interventional therapy for prevention of EVB between tertiary and secondary hospitals ( χ2=18.065, 5.956, P<0.05). Conclusions:The proportion of receiving EUB prevention in cirrhotic portal hypertension in Ningxia is relatively low. For patients with compensated liver cirrhosis, the proportion of NSBB therapy and endoscopic treatment in the secondary hospitals was lower than that in tertiary hospitals. For patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis, the proportion of interventional treatment in secondary hospitals is lower than that of tertiary hospitals, but the proportion of NSBB in secondary hospitals taking is higher than that of tertiary hospitals.

11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1037-1040, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907898

ABSTRACT

Pediatric neurogenic bladder (PNB) is mostly caused by the dysplasia of lumbosacral spinal cord and nerve, and there is no effective treatment available at present.Bladder fibrosis occurs frequently in PNB, and the prevention and treatment of PNB fibrosis is still a challenge worldwide.Most PNBs develop bladder fibrosis over time, which is characterized by the thickened bladder wall, decreased bladder compliance, and obstruction of the bladder outlet.According to some studies, bladder fibrosis is not only related to bladder smooth muscle cells, but also epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells of bladder.However, the mechanism of fibrosis remains unclear.It has been reported that it is associated with the changes of transforming growth factor-β 1 (TGF-β 1)/ Smad, bladder high pressure and related angiotensin Ⅱ signal pathways.Although anti-fibrotic therapies that target a variety of factors have been employed in animal models, the clinical validation is still needed.It is required to conduct a further exploration on whether early clean intermittent catheterization could prevent the fibrosis in PNB patients with increased residual urine.In this paper, the research progress in PNB fibrosis would be reviewed, in order to provide reference for clinical practice.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 886-889, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the urodynamic and clinical features of detrusor underactivity(DU)in elderly men aged 60 years and over.Methods:Five hundred and seventy-three men aged 60 years and over underwent urodynamic measurements due to dysuria were retrospectively analyzed.According to the urodynamic parameters of bladder contractibility index(BCI)and bladder outlet obstruction index(BOOI), they were divided into the three groups: only detrusor underactivity(DU group)(BCI<100 and BOOI<20), only bladder outlet obstruction(BOO group)(BCI≥100 and BOOI≥40), and the combined non-DU and non-BOO group(NDB group)(BCI≥100 and BOOI<20). The urodynamic and clinical features were compared between the three groups.Results:The internalized 323 patients meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into 3 groups: 75 in the DU, 207 in the BOO and 41 in the NDB.The age was higher in DU and BOO groups than in NDB group( P<0.05). The DU group versus the NDB group showed the higher levels or values in the volume at first desire(FDV)[(279±80)ml vs.(238±72)ml], the proportions of incomplete bladder emptying(41% vs.17%), urine flow interruption(39% vs.15%)and retention(26% vs.7%), and the lower levels in the voiding efficiency(VE)[(61±32)% vs.(110±41)%], (all P<0.05). The DU group vs.the BOO group showed the increased levels or values in the FDV[(279±80)ml vs.(206±67)ml]and maximum cytometric capacity(MCC)(353±113 ml vs.281±94 ml)and the proportions of urine flow interruption(39% vs.22%), TURP(26% vs.6%), and retention(26% vs.14%), and the decreased levels or values in the VE[(61±32)% vs.(78±37%)], the proportions of DO(41% vs.77%), urgency(26% vs.43%)and nocturia(23% vs.39%)(all P<0.05). Conclusions:The main urodynamic and clinical features are manifested as the reduction of bladder sensation and bladder emptying rate, urine flow interruption, urinary retention and having a TURP history in elderly man with detrusor underactivity.The proportions of DU and BOO are increased along with aging.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 604-614, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878585

ABSTRACT

Proton-pumping rhodopsin (PPR) is a simple photosystem widely distributed in nature. By binding to retinal, PPR can transfer protons from the cytoplasmic to the extracellular side of the membrane under illumination, creating a proton motive force (PMF) to synthesize ATP. The conversion of light into chemical energy by introducing rhodopsin into nonphotosynthetic engineered strains could contribute to promoting growth, increasing production and improving cell tolerance of microbial hosts. Gloeorhodopsin (GR) is a PPR from Gloeobacter violaceus PCC 7421. We expressed GR heterologously in Escherichia coli and verified its functional activity. GR could properly function as a light-driven proton pump and its absorption maximum was at 539 nm. We observed that GR was mainly located on the cell membrane and no inclusion body could be found. After increasing expression level by ribosome binding site optimization, intracellular ATP increased, suggesting that GR could supply additional energy to heterologous hosts under given conditions.


Subject(s)
Cyanobacteria/metabolism , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Proton Pumps , Rhodopsin/metabolism , Rhodopsins, Microbial/metabolism
14.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 563-569, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the function and possible mechanism of Fufang-Zhongjiefeng aerosol in the treatment of chronic pharyngitis. Method:Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, low-, medium-, and high-dose Fufang-Zhongjiefeng aerosol group, and positive drug group, with 10 rats in each group. Except the normal group, the pharynx of other groups were injected with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GAS) to establish chronic pharyngitis rat model. After the modeling, the low-, medium-, and high-dose Fufang-Zhongjiefeng aerosol groups were sonicated with 20 ml of 0.9% normal saline to dissolve the Fufang-Zhongjiefeng aerosol 2.33, 4.66, 9.32 g/kg, respectively. The normal group and the model group were given the same volume of normal saline, and the positive drug group was intraperitoneally injected with ampicillin sodium 0.93 g/kg once a day for 14 days. The pathological changes of pharyngeal mucosa were detected by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and nterleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum were detected by Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). The expression levels of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 protein in pharyngeal mucosa were detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression levels of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 mRNA in pharyngeal mucosa were detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Results:Compared with the model group, the serum TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 levels of rats in the Fufang-Zhongjiefeng aerosol low-, medium-, high-dose group and the positive drug group were significantly reduced ( P<0.05). The expression of TLR-4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 protein in the pharyngeal mucosal tissue of rats in the low-, medium-, high-dose Fufang-Zhongjiefeng aerosol group and the positive drug group were significantly reduced ( P<0.05). The expressions of TLR-4 mRNA (1.17 ± 0.41, 2.44 ± 1.06, 1.25 ± 0.34 vs. 3.87 ± 1.43), MyD88 mRNA (1.15 ± 0.53, 1.75 ± 0.36, 1.09 ± 0.14 vs. 2.44 ± 0.19), and NF-κB p65 mRNA (1.97 ± 0.51, 2.64 ± 0.26, 2.31 ± 0.44 vs. 5.08 ± 0.34) in the pharyngeal mucosa tissue of rats in the medium-, high-dose group and the positive drug group were significantly reduced ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Fufang-Zhongjiefeng aerosol can effectively treat chronic pharyngitis, which could inhibit the expression of TLR-4, MyD88, and NF-κB to reduce the expression of inflammatory factors so as to play the rold of anti-inflammatory effect.

15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 360-362, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870293

ABSTRACT

Three cases of flagellate shiitake mushroom dermatitis caused by Pleurotus ostreatus, Auricularia auricula, and Flammulina velutipes respectively were reported. Case 1, a 45-year-old male patient, developed multiple flagellate erythematous patches and papules on the trunk, axillae and abdomen without any subjective discomfort 8 hours after ingestion of a large amount of grilled Pleurotus ostreatus. Case 2, a 33-year-old female patient, developed multiple flagellate erythematous patches with mild swelling and itching on the back 1.5 days after consuming a fresh Auricularia auricula salad, and millet-sized papules were densely distributed on the erythematous patches. Case 3, a 54-year-old female patient, developed cord-like, flagellate edematous erythema and papules on the neck, trunk and proximal extremities 72 hours after consuming Flammulina velutipes. Histopathological examination of the dorsal lesions in case 3 showed epidermal spongiosis, intraepidermal blisters, papillary dermal edema, superficial dermal vasodilation, erythrocyte extravasation, inflammatory infiltration composed mainly of lymphocytes around dilated blood vessels, and a few scattered eosinophils. The 3 patients were all diagnosed with flagellate shiitake mushroom dermatitis. Case 1 received no treatment, while cases 2 and 3 were symptomatically treated with topical fluticasone propionate ointment, and achieved recovery of skin lesions after 1 week.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1006-1010, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the urodynamic characteristics in Parkinson's disease(PD)versus multiple system atrophy(MSA)patients with lower urinary tract symptoms(LUTS).Methods:We performed a retrospective study in PD and MSA patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University and undergone urodynamic examinations from January 2016 to June 2019.A total of 178 patients, mean age(59.2±9.7)years were enrolled, with 64 PD patients, 74 MSA patients and 40 normal controls.Urodynamic parameters included maximum flow rate(Qmax), post-voided residual urine volume(PVR), bladder compliance(BC), overactive bladder(OAB), maximum cystometric capacity(MCC)and detrusor pressure at maximum flow rate(PdetQmax). Bladder function was assessed.Results:Frequent urination(68.8%)was the most common LUTS in PD patients, as opposed to urinary retention(91.9%)in MSA patients.The Qmax, PdetQmax and incidence of OAB were higher and the PVR were lower in PD patients than in MSA patients [free-flow(FF)-Qmax: (13.5±7.1)ml/s vs.(10.1±5.2)ml/s, U=26.98, P<0.01]; pressure-flow study(PFS)-Qmax: [(13.6±5.7)ml/s vs.(10.5±3.3)ml/s, U=34.90, P<0.01]; PFS-PdetQmax: [(23.9±11.3)cm H 2O vs.(16.3±8.6)cmH 2O, U=35.04, P<0.01]; OAB: (46.9% vs.27.0%, χ2=5.85, P<0.01); FF-PVR: [(30.4±20.0)ml vs.(161.7±79.8)ml, U=-71.81, P<0.01]; PFS-PVR: [(65.9±30.7)ml vs.(212.6±83.0)ml, U=-65.29, P<0.01]. Compared with the control group, the incidences of OAB and PFS-PVR were increased and the MCC and PdetQmax were decreased in the PD group(OAB: 46.9% vs.7.5%, χ2=6.15, P<0.018); PFS-PVR: [(65.9±30.7)ml vs.(22.2±10.4)ml, U=47.25, P<0.01]; MCC: [(305.1±79.7)ml vs.(389.6±65.2)ml, U=-52.13, P<0.01]; PdetQmax: [(23.9±11.3)cmH 2O vs.(37.3±10.3)cmH 2O, U=-49.88, P<0.01]. Compared also with the control group, the MSA group had a lower Qmax, PdetQmax and MCC, FF-Qmax: [(10.1±5.2)ml/s vs.(16.3±4.7)ml/s, U=-50.11, P<0.01]; PFS-Qmax: [(10.5±3.3)ml/s vs.(13.1±5.0)ml/s, U=-27.54, P<0.05]; PdetQmax: [(16.3±8.6)cmH 2O vs.(37.3±10.3)cmH 2O, U=-84.92, P<0.01]; MCC: [(284.3±71.8)ml vs.(389.6±65.2)ml, U=-39.31, P<0.01], a higher PVR, lower bladder compliance(BC)and a higher incidence of OAB(FF-PVR: [(161.7±79.8)ml vs.(22.0±13.0)ml, U=84.82, P<0.01]; PFS-PVR: [(212.6±83.0)ml vs.(22.2±10.4)ml, U=112.54, P<0.01]; BC: (28.4% vs.7.5%, χ2=6.81, P<0.01); OAB: (27.0% vs.7.5%, χ2=17.62, P<0.01). Conclusions:PD and MSA patients with LUTS have bladder dysfunction.MSA patients have more serious bladder dysfunction than PD patients.

17.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 528-530, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863025

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis has been increasing year by year.Although traditional drugs have been shown to be effective in preventing process of pulmonary fibrosis, their side effects are high and application is limited.Cell, cytokine, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition all participate in the process of pulmonary fibrosis, and HDAC8 also plays an important role in these related processes.The researchers found that HDAC8 contributes to pulmonary fibrosis, and that HDAC8 inhibitors have the potential to treat IPF and other fibrotic lung diseases.In this paper, the research progress of the relationship between HDAC8 gene and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in recent years is reviewed.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 890-894, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855795

ABSTRACT

AIM: To discuss the standardized management methods of drug clinical trial instruments and equipment based on the analysis of current situation of the management in drug clinical trial instruments and equipment in institutions. METHODS: Through literature searching and our experience, we analyzed the nowadays problems in management of instruments and equipment, established and improved the management system, refined the standard operating procedures, promoted information management, and strengthened the construction of professional team of instrument and equipment management or database. RESULTS: The implementation of dedicated management ensured the whole implementation management, reduced the frequency in management problems, and improved the professional level of instrument and equipment management. CONCLUSION: The construction of standardized instrument and equipment management system is the premise of standardized development of drug clinical trials, which improves the management level of drug clinical trial instruments and equipment, ensures the authenticity and accuracy of trial data, and effectively enhances the quality of following drug clinical trials.

19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 750-753, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755648

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes in myocardial glucose transporter 4 ( GLUT4 ) membrane translocation in the rats with high-level spinal cord injury ( SCI ) . Methods Thirty-six clean-grade healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 250-300 g, were divided into 3 groups using a random number table method: control group (group C, n=6), sham operation group (group S, n=6) and high-level SCI group (group SCI, n=24). The model of SCI was established by a modified Allen's method in anesthetized rats. The spinal cord was only exposed in group S. Six rats were selected in C and S groups and at 4, 12, 24 and 48 h after SCI ( T1-4 ) in group SCI, and blood samples were taken from the abdominal aorta to measure the activities of serum creatine kinase and creatine kinase isoenzyme-MB. The rats were then sacrificed, and myocardial specimens were collected for microscopic examination of the ultra-structure ( with a transmission electron microscope) and for determination of ATP weight ratio, phosphoryla-tion of insulin receptor substrate-1 tyrosine and expression of GLUT4 in cell membrane ( by Western blot) . Results Compared with C and S groups, the serum creatine kinase and creatine kinase isoenzyme-MB ac-tivities were significantly increased at T1-4 , the ATP weight ratio was decreased, the expression of GLUT4 in myocardial cell membrane was down-regulated, the expression of phosphorylated insulin receptor sub-strate-1 tyrosine in myocaradium was down-regulated at T2,3 (P<0. 05), and the pathological changes of myocardial tissues were found in group SCI. There was no significant difference in the indexes mentioned a-bove between group C and group S ( P>0. 05) . Conclusion The mechanism of myocardial energy metabo-lism disorder may be related to the reduced membrane translocation of GLUT4 in the rats with high-level SCI.

20.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 754-759, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796883

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between sleep and laryngopharyngeal reflux disease by epidemiological approaches.@*Methods@#From May 1, 2017 to April 30, 2018, data of age, gender, height, weight, smoking, alcohol consumption, constipation and high fat diet in patients in Otorhinolaryngology specialist clinic, the Eighth Medical Center, General Hospital of the Chinese PLA were retrospectively analyzed. Reflux Symptom Index (RSI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)were filled. According to RSI scores, patients were divided into case group and control group. The differences of the above indicators between the two groups were compared by Stata 12.0 software, and the risk factors of LPRD were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression.@*Results@#A total of 908 patients were enrolled, including 166 in the case group and 742 in the control group. There was no significant difference in BMI, smoking, drinking, constipation and high fat diet between the two groups (all P>0.05). The PSQI, anxiety and depression score of the case group were higher than those of the control group. The anxiety and depression scores of the patients with sleep disorders in the case group were significantly higher than those of the normal sleepers (all P<0.05). RSI of the patients with sleep disorders was higher than that of the patients with normal sleep(9.5[4.0,16.0]vs. 5.0[1.0,10.0], Z=-6.07, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that sleep disorder was the risk factors of LPRD (OR=2.59, 95%CI 1.75-3.84).@*Conclusions@#Sleep disorder is related to the occurrence of LPRD. The association between LPRD and sleep disturbances is bidirectional. Sleep disorder may also be related to the anxiety and depression in LPRD patients. Handling sleep disorder timely may benefit LPRD patients.

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