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1.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831099

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic features and mutational landscape of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)–related advanced hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) undergoing transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). @*Materials and Methods@#From January 2017 to December 2018, 38 patients newly diagnosed with HBV-related advanced HCC were enrolled in the final analysis. Their pathological tissues and corresponding blood samples before TACE treatment were collected for whole-exome sequencing. Response to TACE was evaluated at 1-3 months after two consecutive use of TACE. Predictive factors were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses in a bivariate Logistic regression model. Enrichment of related pathways of all driver genes were acquired using the gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). @*Results@#Among 38 patients, 23 (60.5%) exhibited TACE failure/refractoriness. Patients with TACE failure/refractoriness showed higher frequency of TP53 mutation than their counterparts (p=0.020). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that only vascular invasion and TP53 mutation were significantly correlated with TACE failure/refractoriness in HBV-related advanced HCC. Of the 16 patients without vascular invasion, eight (50.0%) had TP53 mutations, and TP53 mutation was associated with TACE failure/refractoriness (p=0.041). Moreover, GSEA showed that mitogen-activated protein kinase and apoptosis pathways induced by TP53 mutation were possibly associated with TACE failure/refractoriness. @*Conclusion@#Our study suggested that TP53 mutation was independently related with TACE efficacy, which may work via mitogen-activated protein kinase and apoptosis pathways. These findings may provide evidence to help distinguish patients who will particularly benefit from TACE from those who require more personalized therapeutic regimens and rigorous surveillance in HBV-related advanced HCC.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753291

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane (ESP) block on early postoperative pain and stress response in patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists statusⅠorⅡgrade patients who had underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy from June to December 2018 in Wenzhou People′s Hospital were selected. The patients were divided into combined group 1, combined group 2 and control group according to the random digits table method with 20 cases each. The patients in control group only received patient controlled intravenous anesthesia (PCIA) after surgery. While in combined group 1 and 2, unilateral ESP block was performed before skin cutoff or after surgery under the guidance of ultrasonography, respectively, to replenish PCIA administration. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate, plethysmography index (SPI), state entropy (SE) and reaction entropy (RE) before anesthesia induction, immediately after intubation, at the time of incision, and thoracoscopic cannulation, 30 min after surgery, and at the time of thoracoscopic cannula withdrawal were recorded. The visual analogue score (VAS) at rest and cough extubation immediately and 1, 6, 12, 24, 48 h after extubation were recorded. The compression number of analgesia pump, remedy number of sufentanil and incidence of adverse events 48 h after extubation were recorded. The levels of venous blood norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E) and cortisol immediately after surgery and 24 h after extubation were measured. Results Sixty patients completed the study. There were no statistical difference in intraoperative fluid volume, operation duration, MAP, heart rate, SPI, RE, SE, incidence of adverse events (nausea vomiting, urinary retention and itching) and remedy number of sufentanil (P>0.05). Compared with control group, the rest VAS from extubation immediately to 48 h after extubation and cough VAS from extubation immediately to 24 h after extubation in combined group 1 and 2 were significantly lower than those in control group, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). The compression numbers of analgesia pump 1 to 24 h after extubation in combined group 1 and 2 were significantly lower than those in control group: 1 (0, 1) and 1 (0, 1) times vs. 3 (2, 4) times, 2 (1, 3) and 1 (0, 2) times vs. 5 (2, 7) times, 3 (1, 4) and 3 (2, 5) times vs. 6 (3, 7) times, 1 (0, 1) and 2 (1, 3) times vs. 4 (2, 6) times, 4 (2, 5) and 4 (2, 5) times vs. 6 (3, 8) times, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). Immediately after operation ending, the NE, E and cortisol in combined group 1 were significantly lower than those in control group and combined group 2: (32.7 ± 7.3) ng/L vs. (88.7 ± 11.3) and (80.5 ± 13.4) ng/L, (44.5 ± 9.9) ng/L vs. (59.3 ± 10.2) and (55.6 ± 11.6) ng/L, (4.0 ± 2.6) mg/L vs. (25.4 ± 6.8) and (18.9 ± 5.3) mg/L, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05); there were no statistical differences between control group and combined group 2 (P>0.05). The NE, E and cortisol 24 h after extubation in combined group 1 and 2 were significantly lower than those in control group:(52.3 ± 11.8) and (56.5 ± 14.4) ng/L vs. (160.6 ± 21.7) ng/L, (52.2 ± 13.6) and (51.8 ± 10.5) ng/L vs. (90.3 ± 20.5) ng/L, (6.2 ± 2.1) and (9.4 ± 5.3) mg/L vs. (40.8 ± 9.2) mg/L, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05), there were no statistical differences between combined group 1 and combined group 2 (P>0.05). Conclusions The ultrasound-guided ESP block combined with PCIA can provide favorable postoperative analgesia for thoracic surgery, and ESP block before skin incision, but not after chest closing, can provide better effects in reducing stress response.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753283

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different doses of dexmedetomidine (Dex) combined with ropivacaine continuous transverse abdominal plane (TAP) block on analgesia and immune function in patients with laparoscopic colon cancer surgery. Methods Fifty colon cancer patients who had underwent laparoscopic radical resection from January 2017 to May 2018 in Wenzhou People′s Hospital were selected. The patients were divided into group A and group B according to random digits table method with 25 cases each. Group A was treated with 0.75 μg/kg Dex before operation; group B was treated with 1.00 μg/kg Dex before operation, then 2.00 μg/kg Dex continuous analgesia 48 h after operation. Both groups were given 0.375% ropivacaine 40 ml before operation for TAP block, and 0.2% ropivacaine 5 ml/h continuous analgesia 48 h after operation. The visual analogue score (VAS), interferon γ (IFN-γ), interleukin 10 (IL-10), T lymphocyte subsets (CD4+and CD8+) 12, 24 and 48 h after operation and adverse reactions were observed. Results The VAS 12, 24 and 48 h after operation in group B was significantly lower than that in group A: (2.2 ± 0.6) scores vs. (3.1 ± 0.9) scores, (1.6 ± 0.4) scores vs. (2.3 ± 0.8) scores and (1.1 ± 0.3) scores vs. (1.9 ± 0.6) scores, and there was statistical difference (P<0.05). The IFN-γ and CD4+12, 24 and 48 h after operation in group B were significantly higher than those in group A, IFN-γ: (281.6 ± 42.1) ng/L vs. (213.5 ± 37.4) ng/L, (335.7 ± 42.5) ng/L vs. (244.2 ± 36.3) ng/L and (362.4 ± 42.8) ng/L vs. (258.6 ± 36.8) ng/L; CD4 +: 0.186 ± 0.047 vs. 0.163 ± 0.045, 0.265 ± 0.058 vs. 0.215 ± 0.052 and 0.314 ± 0.062 vs. 0.226 ± 0.053. The IL-10 and CD8+were significantly lower than those in group A, IL-10: (263.5 ± 28.7) ng/L vs. (314.2 ± 35.6) ng/L, (225.4 ± 26.9) ng/L vs. (279.5 ± 29.8) ng/L and (206.3 ± 26.1) ng/L vs. (272.1 ± 29.2) ng/L; CD8 +:0.268 ± 0.062 vs. 0.295 ± 0.064, 0.217 ± 0.048 vs. 0.266 ± 0.061 and 0.164 ± 0.036 vs. 0.243 ± 0.055. There were statistical differences (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between 2 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions Different doses of Dex combined with ropivacaine continuous TAP block has good analgesic effect on colon cancer patients who had underwent laparoscopic radical resection. However, high first dose load and continuous combination is better and has less effect on immune function.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744445

ABSTRACT

Objective To obsOrvO thO safOty and OffOct of intraopOrativO cOll salvagO and autologous blood transfusion during cOsarOan sOction with cOntral placOnta prOvia.Methods From April 2015 to March 2016, 25 prOg-nants with cOntral placOnta prOvia diagnosOd by MRI and ultrasound and undOrwOnt sOlOctOd caOsarOan sOction in thO POoplO′s Hospital of WOnzhou wOrO includOd. WhOn thO amount of blood in thO rOcovOry tank was 450 mL or thO obstOtrician rOquirOd, thO wash and rOtransfusion dOvicO was startOd-up. Hb and Hct wOrO mOasurOd bOforO and aftOr thO parturiOnt, and thO blood was rOcovOrOd. ThO blood loss, rOcovOry of blood, blood transfusion, allogOnOic RBC infusion and thO sidO OffOcts aftOr transfusion and 42 d of postpartum wOrO rOcordOd.Results No sOrious complica-tions wOrO rOcordOd in all prOgnants. FivO casOs(20% ) wOrO only rOcovOrOd and thO autologous blood transfusion and transfusion of thO allogOnOic RBC wOrO not carriOd out. In 14 casOs(56% ),only thO autologous blood was rOturnOd to thO puOrpOra. ThO volumO of blood transfusion was 705 mL(430,1 535). Six casOs(24% ) had massivO blOOding during thO opOration,3690 mL(1 900,8 750),and thO autologous blood transfusion volumO was 2939 mL(1 167, 4 206),and thO allogOnOic RBC transfusion was 3.5U(1.5,11.5).Conclusion Autologous blood transfusion can bO usOd safOly in thO caOsarOan sOction of thO cOntral placOnta prOvia, and can rOducO thO allogOnOic RBC transfusion.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612870

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the different doses of dexmedetomidine for prevention of shivering in cesarean section effect in patients with spinal and epidural anesthesia, summarize the clinical experience.MethodsIn 40 cases of spinal epidural anesthesia in cesarean section with large doses of dexmedetomidine for intervention, and classified into control group, according to the in the other 40 patients using small doses of dexmedetomidine for intervention, and classified as the observation group, then observe two groups of patients with chills were compared, the patients were in our hospital from February 2016 to January 2017 were found.ResultsWith comparison of two groups of patients with chills, two group in the overall number of cases no significant difference.The observation group, a total of 9 cases of patients with chills, the control group had 10 cases of chills, while no significant difference between the two groups of shivering grade;the patients in the observation group of 2 cases (5%) had adverse reaction, the control group had 9 (22.5%) cases of adverse reactions,P<0.05 between the two groups showed significant differences.ConclusionDifferent doses of dexmedetomidine on preventing shivering effect analysis of cesarean section in patients with spinal and epidural anesthesia after the discovery, which can play the effect of the intervention in patients with chills, and can reduce the incidence of adverse reactions in patients after surgery, it is worthy of reference.

6.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2454-2458, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498113

ABSTRACT

Aims The purpose of this study is to investigate thediagnostic value of SWEfor fibrosis in patients with CHBand the factorsinfluencing the accuracy. Methods From July 2013 to October 2015, 261 patients with CHB were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University.All patients received SWE, anthropometry measurement, blood cell count, liver function test and virological indicators measurement. Liver fibrosis was staged from F0 to F4 by METAVIR scorebased onliver biopsy results of 133 CHB patients , while 128 patients were diagnosed as decompensated cirrhosis. Diagnostic accuracyof SWE were evaluated by Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (ROC) using liver hepatic pathology and decompensated cirrhosis as gold standards. Logistic model was used to find out confounding factors that influence the accuracy of SWE. Results The Area Under ROC (AUC) for liver stiffness measurement with SWE were 0.891, 0.932 and 0.910 for the diagnosis of significant fibrosis (≥ F2), advanced fibrosis (≥F3) and cirrhosis (F4), respectively. A multifactor logistic regression combined modelwas built and showed that hepatic steatosis will decrease the accuracy of SWE. Conclusion SWE could be a valuable method for the noninvasive liver fibrosis assessment. The accuracy of SWE may be influenced by hepatic steatosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604113

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the acute pain service for analgesia effect and complications of postopera-tive analgesia and satisfaction after cesarean section.Methods 360 patients undergoing cesarean section and postop-erative continue analgesia were randomly divided into two groups.The control group (group C,n =178)was given with routine postoperative self -control analgesia give guidance.In the observation group (group A,n =182),a group for acute pain was founded,and the patients were explained about PCA self -control analgesia related knowledge before operation,together with the APS analgesia group people,the patients were given with postoperative pain management,observed self -control analgesia efficacy and side effects,and gives the corresponding treatment and guidance.The difference of analgesia incomplete and complication were observed such as nausea and vomiting,calm, itchy skin.Questionnaires that postoperative analgesia satisfaction survey were filled inafter discharged.The satisfac-tion of nurse with the APS were observed.Results Postoperative analgesia complication in group A were significantly lower than that in group C(P <0.01,P <0.05),APS analgesic incomplete in group C was significantly higher than groupA (χ2 =11,P <0.01).The satisfaction of PCA in group A were significantly higher than group C (P <0.01, P <0.05),ward nurses job satisfaction also increased significantly (t =2.63,P <0.05).Conclusion Acute pain service effectively improve analgesic quality and reduce related complications after cesarean section increase patients postoperative analgesia satisfaction,increase the ward nurses job satisfaction.

8.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1061-1064, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464422

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the expression of interleukin-21 (IL-21) in patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and its association with HBV-DNA and ALT. Methods Clinical dates and blood specimen were collected from 25 unrelated healthy controls (HC) and 101 independent chronic HBV infected patients, including 25 patients in immune tolerant phase (IT), 25 in immune clearance phase (IC), 26 patients in inactive HBV carrier state (IA) and 25 patients in immune reactive phase (IR). Serum IL-21 levels were measured by Cytometric Bead Array (CBA). IL-21 mRNA and IL-21 receptor mRNA were measured by real-time PCR. Results Chronic HBV-infected patients had higher levels of serum IL-21 and IL-21 mRNA , with P <0.001 for both. In subgroup analysis, both serum IL-21 and IL-21 mRNA levels in IC, IR were higher than those in IT, IA and HC (all P < 0.001). Serum IL-21 level in IA was higher than that in HC and IT (P <0.001, P = 0.036). IL-21R mRNA levels were different between groups. Serum IL-21 level was associated with HBV-DNA (r = -0.472, P < 0.001), but not with ALT. Conclusion IL-21, up-regulated in chronic HBV infection, is associated with immune activity and may play a key role in HBV control.

9.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 58-59,60, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599581

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the nursing cooperation during anterior cruciate ligament(ACL)reconstruction with autogenous quadurpled hamstring tendons under arthroscopic guide.Method Data of 25 cases of ACL reconstruction with autogenous quadrupled hamstring tendons under arthroscopic guide during January 2008 and December 2012 were analyzed and summarized the key points retrospectively.Result All the cases of ACL reconstruction were completed smoothly without any complication.Conclusion Excellent nursing cooperation including well-done preoperative preparation of instruments and accurate surgical cooperation are a guarantee of successful operation.

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