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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 801-804, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of children's fluorosis in the coal-burning-borne endemic fluorosis areas (abbreviated as coal-burning fluorosis) in Suojia Miao, Yi and Hui Township (Suojia Township for short) in Liuzhi Tequ, Guizhou Province, and to provide scientific basis for formulating prevention and control strategies and measures.Methods:In 2019, the cluster sampling method was adopted to select children aged 8-12 years old from 6 primary schools in Suojia Township, Liuzhi Tequ, Guizhou Province to conduct a questionnaire survey to collect basic information, and perform dental fluorosis examination and indexing in accordance with the "Diagnosis of Dental Fluorosis" standards. Immediate urine samples were collected from children in April and October, and urinary fluoride content was determined by ion selective electrode method.Results:A total of 1 381 children aged 8-12 years old were investigated, aged (9.84 ± 1.38) years old, including 679 boys and 702 girls. A total of 625 children with dental fluorosis were detected, and the detection rate was 45.26%; the dental fluorosis index was 1.00, and the prevalence intensity was moderate; the main score of dental fluorosis was extremely mild, accounting for 37.00% (511/1 381). The detection rates of dental fluorosis in children aged 8 to 12 years old were 35.10% (106/302), 35.83% (115/321), 47.96% (129/269), 55.23% (153/277), and 57.55% (122/212), respectively; the difference between different ages was statistically significant (χ 2 = 48.949, P < 0.01), and the detection rate of dental fluorosis in children increased with age(χ 2trend = 45.254, P < 0.01).The detection rates of dental fluorosis in boys and girls were 43.59% (296/679) and 46.87% (329/702), respectively, and there was no significant difference between different genders (χ 2 = 1.492, P > 0.05). In April and October, 123 and 107 urine samples of children aged 8-12 years old were tested. The geometric mean of urinary fluoride was 1.55 and 0.47 mg/L, respectively. The urinary fluoride level in April was higher than the normal range (< 1.40 mg/L). Conclusions:Suojia Township in Liuzhi Tequ of Guizhou Province is still a fluorosis area, and there is a big difference in urinary fluorine level in different months, which indicates that the residents in this area may have intermittent high fluorine intake, and prevention and control of endemic fluorosis should be further strengthened.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 641-646, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between gene polymorphism of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and coal-burning endemic fluorosis in Guizhou Province.Methods:In 2018 and 2019, a case-control study was conducted in Bijie City, a typical coal-burning endemic fluorosis area in Guizhou Province, and 260 cases of coal-burning endemic fluorosis patients were selected as case group. According to the "Diagnostic Criteria for Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis" (WS 192-2008), the case group was divided into severe group (130 cases) and mild group (130 cases). At the same time, 130 cases without dental fluorosis and skeletal fluorosis symptoms were chosen as control group in Changshun County, a non-coal-burning endemic fluorosis area in Guizhou Province. Whole blood genomic DNA was extracted, and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR with TaqMan-MGB probe was utilized to type the OPG gene rs2460985, rs2073618, rs6469804 and rs6993813 four single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci of all samples, and genetic model analysis was performed to compare the frequency distribution of its alleles, genotypes and constructed haplotypes in control, mild and severe groups. Results:By Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium test, the genotype frequencies of the four SNP loci all reached genetic balance in control, mild and severe groups ( P > 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in the genotype frequency of OPG gene rs6469804 locus among the three groups (χ 2 = 10.615, P < 0.05), and the difference in the genotype frequency of this locus between the control group and the severe group was statistically significant (χ 2 = 6.784, P < 0.05). The results of genetic model analysis showed that in comparison between the control group and the severe group, the optimal genetic model of rs6469804 locus was the overdominant genetic model, the frequency distribution of genotypes AA + GG and AG in the control group and the severe group was statistically significant [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.94, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 1.16 - 3.23, P < 0.05], genotype AG was a risk factor for coal-burning endemic fluorosis. In comparison between the control group and the mild group, the optimal genetic model of rs2073618 locus was the recessive genetic model, the frequency distribution of genotypes GG + GC and CC in the control group and the mild group was statistically significant ( OR = 3.17, 95% CI: 1.08 - 9.30, P < 0.05), genotype CC was a risk factor for coal-burning endemic fluorosis. In comparison between the control group and the mild group, haplotypes C-C-G-T and T-G-A-C were risk factors for coal-burning endemic fluorosis (adjusted OR = 2.41, 1.98, 95% CI: 1.29 - 4.50, 1.22 - 3.23, P < 0.05); in comparison between the control group and the severe group, haplotype T-G-A-C was a risk factor for coal-burning endemic fluorosis (adjusted OR = 1.87, 95% CI: 1.14 - 3.07, P < 0.05). Conclusion:OPG gene rs6469804 locus genotype AG and rs2073618 locus genotype CC may be risk factors for coal-burning endemic fluorosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754349

ABSTRACT

To assess knowledge of and attitudes toward prophylactic HPV vaccines among the mainland Chinese population and to determine possible influencing factors in order to provide reference data for policymakers to develop HPV vaccination strate-gies in China. Methods: This large-scale national cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted from May 2009 to May 2012. The general population, medical personnel, and school students participated in the investigation. Participants’basic information, as well as their knowledge of and attitudes toward HPV vaccines were collected through questionnaires. Chi-square tests and Logistic re-gression were performed for the statistical analysis. Results: A total of 18,677 people responded effectively, with a median age of 32 (ranging from 15 to 79 years). In terms of vaccine awareness, only 24.5% had heard of prophylactic HPV vaccines and 14.1% knew that HPV vaccines can prevent diseases such as cervical cancer. The good news was that 83.5% of respondents were willing to vaccinate themselves, their partners, or their children. People who knew more about vaccines, the rural population, and female participants were more likely to hold positive attitudes toward vaccination (adjusted ORs were 2.81, 2.14, and 1.25, respectively). Those partici-pants who were reluctant to accept HPV vaccination were concerned mainly about the safety of the vaccines (64.7%). Furthermore, 66.3% of the respondents expected the maximum price of the HPV vaccine to be less than 300 RMB. Conclusions: Mainland Chinese people generally know little about HPV vaccines. However, most of them think positively about the vaccinations after learning about them. It is high time for the government to launch HPV and cervical cancer health education or promotional campaigns to eliminate concerns about HPV vaccine safety. Furthermore, discounted or free vaccines are needed.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 303-308, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881612

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanism of tumor necrosis factor( TNF)-α and its receptor( TNFR) signal transduction pathways in regulating cell apoptosis of alveolar macrophage( AM) in coal workers' pneumoconiosis( CWP).METHODS: Twenty-four coal workers with pneumoconiosis at stage Ⅰ were selected as CWP group and four observation subjects exposed to coal were chosen as observation group by using simple random sampling method. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluids of whole-lung lavage of two groups were collected. AMs were separated and purified. Then they were divided into 6 groups: a control group,a superoxide dismutase( SOD) group,a TNF/TNFR group,an anti-TNF-α antibody group,a Caspase-8 suppression group and a nuclear factor-κB( NF-κB) suppression group. The AMs of 6 groups with corresponding treatment were cultivated. After 24 hours,the cells were harvested and proteins extracted. The relative expression of TNF-α,TNFR1,TNFR2,Caspase-8,Caspase-3,NF-κB P50 and NF-κB P65 protein was detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: The protein relative expression of TNF-α,TNFR2,Caspase-8,Caspase-3,NF-κB P50 and NF-κB P65 in CWP group was significantly higher than those in the observation group( P < 0. 05). The protein relative expression of TNF-α,TNFR1,Caspase-8,Caspase-3 and NF-κB P50 in the TNF/TNFR group and the anti-TNF-αantibody group was lower than that of the control group( P < 0. 05). The above indexes in the anti-TNF-α antibody group were lower than that of the NF-κB suppression group( P < 0. 05). The protein relative expression of TNFR1,Caspase-8and Caspase-3 in the TNF/TNFR group was higher than that of the SOD group and the Caspase-8 suppression group( P <0. 05). The protein relative expression of TNFR1,Caspase-8 and NF-κB P50 in the TNF/TNFR group was lower than that of the NF-κB suppression group( P < 0. 05). Among the CWP patients,the relative expression of TNFR2 and NF-κB P65 in the TNF/TNFR group was lower than that of the control group( P < 0. 05),and higher than that of the SOD group( P <0. 05). CONCLUSION: AM apoptosis mediated by TNF-α/TNFR/NF-κB signal transduction pathway plays an important role in the occurrence and development of CWP. The TNF-α/TNFR/NF-κB signal transduction pathways inhibited or blocked at different stages can affect the expression of proteins related to AM apoptosis.

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