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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885165


Objective:Donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) serological negative status may have an adverse effect on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), while there is inadequate data for Chinese people. This study is to explore the impact of donor CMV serological status on the outcome of CMV seropositive patients receiving allo-HSCT.Methods:Our study retrospectively analyzed 16 CMV seropositive patients with hematological malignancies receiving allogeneic grafts from CMV seronegative donors (antibody IgG negative) at Peking University People′s Hospital from March 2013 to March 2020, which was defined as D -/R + group. The other 64 CMV seropositive patients receiving grafts from CMV seropositive donors at the same period of time were selected as matched controls through a propensity score with 1∶4 depending on age, disease state and donor-recipient relationship (D +/R + group). Results:Patients in D -/R + group developed CMV DNAemia later than patients in the D +/R + group (+37 days vs. +31 days after allo-HSCT, P=0.011), but the duration of CMV DNAemia in D -/R + group was longer than that of D +/R + group (99 days vs. 34 days, P=0.012). The rate of CMV reactivation 4 times or more in D -/R + group was 4/16, significantly higher than that of D +/R + group (4.7%, 3/64, P=0.01). The incidences of refractory CMV DNAemia (14/16 vs. 56.3%, P=0.021) and CMV disease (4/16 vs. 4.7%, P=0.01) in D -/R + group were both higher than those in D +/R + group. In addition, the application of CMV-CTL as the second-line antiviral treatment in D -/R + group was more than that in D +/R + group. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis suggested that CMV serological negativity is an independent risk factor for refractory CMV DNAemia and the duration of CMV infection. The cumulative incidence of aGVHDⅡ-Ⅳ, cGVHD, 3-year probability of NRM, overall survival, and the cumulative incidence of relapse were all comparable in two groups. Conclusions:Although there is no significant effect on OS and NRM, the incidence of refractory CMV DNAemia, the frequency of virus reactivation, and the development of CMV disease in D -/R + group are higher than those in controls. Therefore, CMV seropositive donors are preferred for CMV seropositive patients.

Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 453-457, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862870


Objective:To explore the relationship between anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies and transplant outcomes in patients with hematological diseases who underwent matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted in 168 patients with hematological diseases who received MSDT in Peking University People's Hospital from March 2015 to November 2017. All patients received detection of anti-HLA antibodies before transplantation, and the correlation between anti-HLA antibodies and transplant outcomes such as hematopoietic cells implantation, blood product transfusion and prognosis after transplantation were analyzed.Results:Among the 168 patients, 28 (16.7%) were positive for anti-HLA class Ⅰ or class Ⅱ antibodies, and 14 (8.3%) were positive for both anti-HLA class Ⅰ and class Ⅱ antibodies. All patients received neutrophil engraftment, 164 patients (97.9%) received platelet engraftment. Univariate analysis showed that there were no effects of anti-HLA antibodies on neutrophil engraftment and engraftment time, platelet engraftment and engraftment time, the volume of red cell transfusion, the volume of platelet transfusion, overall survival (OS) rate, disease free survival (DFS) rate and transplant-related mortality (TRM) in patients with hematological diseases underwent MSDT (all P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that platelet engraftment was associated with better OS ( HR=0.065, 95% CI 0.017-0.252, P < 0.01), better DFS ( HR=0.083, 95% CI 0.024-0.289, P < 0.01) and lower TRM ( HR=0.094, 95% CI 0.014-0.626, P=0.015). Conclusion:Anti-HLA antibodies have no effect on transplant outcomes of patients with hematological diseases who have received MSDT.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485172


Objective To investigate the value of 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18 FDG)positron emission tomography and computer tomography (PET/CT)in the diagnosis and localization of ectopic ACTH syndrome (EAS)induced by lung cancer,and to increase the accuracy rate of diagnosis of EAS.Methods 8 patients were histopathologically proven to be lung cancer.18 FDG PET/CT wholebody and brain scan were performed;magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),99m Tc-octreotide (OCT)imaging and inferior petrosal sinus sampling (IPSS)were done in all patients.On 18 FDG PET/CT images,the SUVmax values of lesions and the SUVmax ratio of lesion tissue to normal lung tissue were calculated.Results ① 8 patients with EAS included 2 cases of carciniod,4 cases of atypical carciniod,and 2 cases of small cell lung cancer.The ACTH levels in inferior petrosal sinus and peripheral veins of 8 patients had no difference.②The chest CT showed there were pulmonary nodules in 6 cases (75%),among them 2 cases were atypical lesions.5 cases of pituitary adenomas were found by MRI (25%),and OCT imaging was positive in 2 cases (25%).③The 18 FDG PET/CT showed nodular,mass like or patch samples with high metabolic activity in 8 cases (100%)of pulmonary lesions.The SUVmax of tumor was 0.72 to 14.05 (3.67±4.68),and the ratio of SUVmax of lesion tissue to normal lung tissue was 1.69 to 27.54 (8.14 ± 9.63).18 FDG hypermetabolism was found in 8 cases of bilateral adrenal hyperplasia,while 4 cases showed pituitary tumor.Conclusion Lung cancer is a common source of EAS,especially carcinoid.18 FDG PET may show lower glucose metabolism.18 FDG PET/CT should be used as an assisted method to diagnose EAS.