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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899144

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The rate of donepezil discontinuation and the underlying reasons for discontinuation in Asian patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are currently unknown. We aimed to determine the treatment discontinuation rates in AD patients who had newly been prescribed donepezil in routine clinical practice in Asia. @*Methods@#This 1-year observational study involved 38 institutions in seven Asian countries, and it evaluated 398 participants aged 50–90 years with a diagnosis of probable AD and on newly prescribed donepezil monotherapy. The primary endpoint was the rate of donepezil discontinuation over 1 year. Secondary endpoints included the reason for discontinuation,treatment duration, changes in cognitive function over the 1-year study period, and compliance as assessed using a clinician rating scale (CRS) and visual analog scale (VAS). @*Results@#Donepezil was discontinued in 83 (20.9%) patients, most commonly due to an adverse event (43.4%). The mean treatment duration was 103.67 days in patients who discontinued. Among patients whose cognitive function was assessed at baseline and 1 year, there were no significant changes in scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and Trail-Making Test–Black and White scores, whereas the Clinical Dementia Rating score increased significantly (p<0.001). Treatment compliance at 1 year was 96.8% (306/316) on the CRS and 92.6±14.1% (mean±standard deviation) on the VAS. @*Conclusions@#In patients on newly prescribed donepezil, the primary reason for discontinuation was an adverse event. Cognitive assessments revealed no significant worsening at 1 year, indicating that continuous donepezil treatment contributes to the maintenance of cognitive function.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891440

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The rate of donepezil discontinuation and the underlying reasons for discontinuation in Asian patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are currently unknown. We aimed to determine the treatment discontinuation rates in AD patients who had newly been prescribed donepezil in routine clinical practice in Asia. @*Methods@#This 1-year observational study involved 38 institutions in seven Asian countries, and it evaluated 398 participants aged 50–90 years with a diagnosis of probable AD and on newly prescribed donepezil monotherapy. The primary endpoint was the rate of donepezil discontinuation over 1 year. Secondary endpoints included the reason for discontinuation,treatment duration, changes in cognitive function over the 1-year study period, and compliance as assessed using a clinician rating scale (CRS) and visual analog scale (VAS). @*Results@#Donepezil was discontinued in 83 (20.9%) patients, most commonly due to an adverse event (43.4%). The mean treatment duration was 103.67 days in patients who discontinued. Among patients whose cognitive function was assessed at baseline and 1 year, there were no significant changes in scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and Trail-Making Test–Black and White scores, whereas the Clinical Dementia Rating score increased significantly (p<0.001). Treatment compliance at 1 year was 96.8% (306/316) on the CRS and 92.6±14.1% (mean±standard deviation) on the VAS. @*Conclusions@#In patients on newly prescribed donepezil, the primary reason for discontinuation was an adverse event. Cognitive assessments revealed no significant worsening at 1 year, indicating that continuous donepezil treatment contributes to the maintenance of cognitive function.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the concept and clinical practice of general practitioners in community health service centers (CHCs) on the use of antiplatelet drugs (APD) to prevent cardiovascular diseases(CVD).Methods:Based on the eastern, western, southern and northern regions of the country, 350 CHCs were selected from 11 cities across the country with stratified sampling method for study sites, and one general practitioner was selected from each CHC. The questionnaire survey was conducted from March 12 to April 20, 2018 among 350 participants. The content of the questionnaire included the situation of CVD patients, application of APD in primary/secondary prevention of CVD (schemes and regimes), the prescription concept of APD, and influencing factors.Results:Total 350 valid questionnaires were recovered. The survey showed that among all patients general practitioners routinely took care, 46% (30%, 60%) were hypertensive patients; 96.6% (338/350) of the general practitioners said that they had carried out primary prevention, mainly for patients with hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia or carotid artery plaque, and 34% (20%, 45%) of the patients had taken primary prevention drugs; the use of APD only accounted for 47% (35%, 60%) , among which 87% (80%, 95%) was aspirin. The main impediments were lack of awareness of disease from patients[ (8.0±1.4) points] and lack of awareness of primary prophylaxis from general practitioners[ (7.3±1.4) points]. The survey also showed that 28% (20%, 35%) and 17% (10%, 20%) patients were diagnosed as coronary heart disease and stroke, respectively; 83% (80%, 95%) of patients with coronary heart disease or stroke used APD for secondary prophylaxis; for coronary heart disease patients, 82% (70%, 95%) taking aspirin or clopidogrel, 18% (5%, 30%) taking aspirin and clopidogrel for 11 months; for stroke patients, 85% (80%, 95%) taking aspirin or clopidogrel, 15% (5%, 20%) taking aspirin and clopidogrel for 9 months. Compared with clopidogrel, aspirin had a relatively high score for clinical experience (8.3±1.1) and reasonable cost of treatment (8.3±1.3) .Most coronary heart disease patients (68%±15%) and stroke patients (70%±17%) took APD regularly. The lack of knowledge of disease [(8.4±1.1) points] and awareness of regular medication [(8.2±1.2) points] were the main factors affecting compliance of patients.Conclusion:The use of APD in primary prevention of CVD for general practitioners is insufficient, and there is still a big gap between the standardization and the practice in secondary prevention; in particular, the selection of APDs and treatment course should strictly follow the guidelines.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the status of antihypertensive therapy knowledge and hypertension management among general practitioners in community health centers (CHCs) in China.Methods:Based on the eastern, western, southern and northern regions of the country, 350 CHCs were selected from 11 cities across the country with stratified sampling method for study sites, and one general practitioner was selected from each CHC. The questionnaire survey was conducted from March 12 to April 20, 2018 among 350 participants. The content of the questionnaire included the proportion of hypertensive patients in the consultation, treatment target rate, antihypertensive drugs and protocol, the medication compliance, follow-up, blood pressure self-measurement, and the impact of hierachical medical system on CHC.Results:Total 350 valid questionnaires were recovered. The survey showed that: (1) Among the patients treated by general practitioners, 46% (30%, 60%) were hypertensive patients including 41% (40%, 55%) with primary hypertension and 42% (40%, 50%) with secondary hypertension; 72% (60%, 80%) of the patients had comorbidities, including dyslipidemia, diabetes, and coronary heart disease. (2) Western medicine was the main antihypertensive treatment [90% (82%, 100%) ], calcium channel blockers were the most commonly used antihypertensive drug [46%(30%,60%)], the therapeutic protocol was mainly single agent [35% (25%, 50%) ]or free combination [50% (40%, 60%) ]; the stable(9.1±0.8), long-acting (9.0±0.9) and high standard reaching rate (8.1±1.1) antihypertensive drugs were first considered, and the standard reaching rate of hypertension treatment was 61% (50%, 75%) . (3) The regular follow-up rate, adherence to blood pressure self-test rate and long-term regular medication rate was 60%(50%,70%), 51%(40%,70%) and 65%(50%,70%), respectively. The factors affecting patients′ compliance were history of cardiovascular diseases (8.4±1.1)and patients′ cognition of disease(8.3±1.1). General practitioners believed that the positive effects of the hierarchical diagnosis and treatment system include helping to establish a closer relationship with patients [62.6% (219/350)] and improving patient compliance for community preferential reimbursement policies[58.6% (205/350) ]. The challenges faced by CHC included higher patient expectations [52.8% (185/350)] and increased outpatient visits [52.6% (184/350)]. Insufficient diagnostic equipment [68.3% (239/350)], inadequate dispensing [52.3% (183/350)] and other issues restricted the development of CHC, and the clinical competence of general practitioners [51.7% (181/350)] need to be improved.Conclusion:Patients with hypertension account for about half of the total number of visits in community health service centers, and most of them are comorbid with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases or risk factors. The long-term treatment compliance and self-management of blood pressure need to be further improved.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734452

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in assessing antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV).Methods Fifteen patients (7 males,8 females,age (66±11) years) with AAV between January 2015 and June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 6 patients diagnosed as granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA),7 diagnosed as microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and 2 diagnosed as eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA).All patients underwent 18 F-FDG PET/CT and the image features were observed and analyzed.The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the positive lesion was measured.The relationship between the SUVmax and C reactive protein (CRP) was analyzed with Pearson correlation.The SUVmax and the number of lesion sites were compared by two-sample t test between the CRP-elevated and CRP-normal patients.Results A total of 56 lesions in the 14 of 15 AAV patients were detected by PET/CT.The positive findings distributed in 15 tissues and organs,including the nasopharynxes (n =9),lungs (n =9),kidneys (n =8),spleen (n =6),lymph nodes (n =6),bone marrow (n =4),skin (n =3),prostate (n =2),aortas (n =2),vertebral soft tissues (n =2),orbita (n =1),parotid gland (n =1),thyroid gland (n =1),liver (n =1) and pancreas (n=1).The 60.7% (34/56) of lesions were clinically unsuspected occult lesions.GPA lesions mainly invaded the nasopharynxes,lungs and kidneys;MPA lesions mainly invaded the kidneys and spleen;EGPA lesions mainly invaded the nasopharynxes,lymph nodes and bone marrow.There was no significant correlation between the level of CRP and the SUVmax of AAV lesions (r=0.462,P>0.05).No differences in the SUVmax were observed between patients with elevated CRP levels and those with normal CRP levels (t=1.451,P>0.05).But more lesion sites were observed in patients with elevated CRP (t=3.456,P<0.05).Conclusions 18F-FDG PET/CT shows positive findings in multiple sites in AAV patients,including clinically unsuspected sites.This imaging technique may be a useful tool for diagnosis and evaluation of AAV.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1304-1307, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816595

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the urination behavior in spring among college students in Hebei Province.@*Methods@#In March 2017, the subjects were recruited in a college in Baoding, Hebei Province. And 156 students completed the investigation. The urine samples of 24 hour was collected for 3 consecutive days by special device, and the volume, the voids and the time of urine were measured.@*Results@#The average volume of urine per day was 1 279 mL, the average void of urine per day was 6.2, and the average volume of urine per time was 209 mL. The volume of urine and void were mainly at the time of after lunch, the volume, the proportion of the volume and void of urine were 406 mL, 31.0% and 1.7 times respectively. The volumes and the voids of urine were different in different time periods(P<0.05). The volume of urine, the proportion of the volume and the voids of urine were mainly at the time of morning, followed by the afternoon. The average volume of urine per day was 535 mL, the proportion of the volume was 44.1% and the average void of urine was 2.3, in the morning. There were significant differences in the voids of urine, the volumes of urine and the voids of urine in different time periods between boys and girls(χ2=73.71, 47.48, 34.92; 35.17, 21.30, 20.69; 37.02, 25.30, 15.32, P<0.05). The void of urine was negatively correlated with the average volume of urine per time(r=-0.61, P<0.01); the volume of urine was positively correlated with the average volume of urine per time(r=0.79, P<0.01); the void was not correlated with the volume of urine(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The urination behaviour of college students in Hebei Province was mainly at the time of after lunch, in the morning and in the afternoon. The college students had unhealthy urination behavior, which was in need of related health education.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 361-369, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711119

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway is involved in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of peritoneal mesothelial cells in uremic peritoneal dialysis (PD) rats.Methods A total of 48 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly separated into six groups:normal control group (NC group,n=8),sham group (n=8),uremic group (n=8),PD group (n=8),S3I-201 control group (n=8) and S3I-201 group (n=8).Uremic model generated by 5/6 nephrectomy surgery in rats was established.The rats of PD group,S3I-201 control group and S3I-201 group received daily infusion of 4.25% glucose-based peritoneal dialysate fluid (3 ml/100 g) from PD catheters for 28 days.Rats of S3I-201 group were injected with STAT3 inhibitor S3I-201 (2.5 mg/kg) solution from the catheters every other day;the same dose of the solvent of S3I-201 was simultaneously given to S3I-201 control group rats.After PD for 28 days,peritoneal function,pathologic changes,and microvessel density (MVD) were evaluated.Creatinine,urea nitrogen and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentration in blood and dialysate,and protein and mRNA levels of phospho-JAK2 (p-JAK2),phospho-STAT3 (p-STAT3),E-cadherin,alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in peritoneum were determined.Results Uremia and peritoneal dialysate could aggravate the peritoneal function and elevate peritoneal thickness and MVD.They could also increased the concentration of IL-6 in blood and dialysate and the expression levels of α-SMA,VEGF,p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 in peritoneum,while lowering E-cadherin expression in peritoneum.These manifestations were even more remarkable in PD group compared to those in uremic group.There was no statistical difference between the S3I-201 control group and the PD group as regards all the index (all P > 0.05).Compared with the S3I-201 control group,the rats treated with S3I-201 showed better peritoneal function.S3I-201 could reduce peritoneal thickness (P<0.05),MVD (P<0.05),the concentration of IL-6 in blood and dialysate,the mRNA and protein expression of α-SMA,VEGF,p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 (all P < 0.05),while enhance the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin (all P < 0.05).Conclusions After STAT3 is inhibited,the peritoneal thickness,MVD and IL-6 concentration in PD rats are decreased,and EMT is also inhibited,while peritoneal function is improved.The JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway may thus be involved in the process of EMT of peritoneum in uremic peritoneal dialysis rats by regulating the expression of IL-6.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 87-93, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711090

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of red cell distribution width (RDW) with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related mortality in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 207 patients who initiated CAPD for more than 3 months between July 2005 and March 2016 in the First Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University.Baseline data on demographic,clinical and biochemical variables as well as comorbidities were obtained;medications and clinic outcomes were recorded.According to receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) analysis,patients were divided into high RDW (RDW > 15.1%) and low RDW (RDW≤ 15.1%) groups.The data of two groups were compared and Spearman's correlation analysis was used to explore the association of RDW with clinical and biochemical parameters.Survival curves were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method.Cox regression model was employed to analyze risk factors of all-cause and CVD-related mortality.Results In this study,207 CAPD patients were enrolled.The overall median survival time was 80 months.And the median survival time of high RDW group (68 patients) and low RDW group (139 patients) were 59 months and 96 months,respectively.There were statistical differences in diastole pressure,hemoglobin,hematocrit,serum albumin,intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH),eGFR,cholesterol,lipoprotein a,4-hour dialysate-to-plasma ratio for creatinine (4hD/Pcr),total Ccr (P < 0.05,respectively);the two groups also varied in the proportion of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,cardiovascular disease and hyperlipidemia,as well as in the use of iron supplements,angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin Ⅱ receptor blockers (ARB),and beta-receptor blockers (P<0.05,respectively).Cardiovascular event was a leading cause of mortality.Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the high RDW group had higher all-cause and CVD-related mortality compared with the low RDW group (P < 0.01).The 1-year,3-year,and 5-year patient survivals of the high RDW and low RDW group were 87.97% vs 97.01%,58.02% vs 81.53%,and 41.62% vs 67.96%,respectively,demonstrating significant differences (P=0.001).Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that high RDW was independent risk factor for all-cause mortality (HR=1.212,95%CI:1.007-1.458,P=0.042) and CVD-related mortality (HR=1.697,95% CI:1.030-2.795,P=0.038).Conclusion RDW is associated with mortality risks in CAPD patients and can be stratified as a valuable indicator for the risk of death.

9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 731-742, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687742

ABSTRACT

CAR-T cell therapy that targets surface antigens to kill tumor cells specifically has recently become another cornerstone in tumor immunotherapy. In this study, a lentiviral expression plasmid of CAR targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) was constructed by genetic engineering. The recombinant plasmid was co-transfected with other packaging plasmids into HEK293T cells by calcium phosphate precipitation to generate lenti-car, which are CAR lentiviral particles. HER2-specific CAR-T cells were obtained by transducing human peripheral blood mononuclear cells with lenti-car. Their specific inhibitory effects on HER2-positive and HER2-negative tumor cells were analyzed in vitro. The constructed CAR-T cells were specifically activated by HER2-expressing tumor cells as indicated by secretion of IFN-γ and IL-2. The inhibitory rate on HER2-positive SK-OV-3 cell line was (58.47±1.72)%, significantly higher than that on the mock-treated control group (P<0.05). The inhibitory rate on HER2-negative K562 cell lines was (11.74±2.37)%, which was not significantly different from that on the control group (P>0.05). Furthermore, when we transfected a HER2-expressing vector into K562, the inhibitory rate increased to (30.41±7.59)%, which was higher than that on HER2-negative K562 (P<0.05). Thus, the constructed second-generation HER2-specific CAR-T cells specifically suppressed growth of tumor cells overexpressing HER2 protein, suggesting that HER2-specific CAR-T cells might prove useful for immunotherapy of HER2-positive cancer.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2695-2698, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498115

ABSTRACT

Objective Retrospectively evaluate low dose computed tomography (CT) as part of a combined 18F-NaF positron emission tomography (18F-NaFPET/CT) examination in lung cancer patients suspected of bone metastases. Methods 118 of 122 lesions with increased uptake of 18F-NaF were assessed. Characteristics of bone metastases on CT images were reviewed by radiologists. Results 27 of 47 metastases presented as sites of increased uptake with corresponding lytic or sclerotic changes on low dose CT. Other 20 show normal or non-specific appearing bone on CT. Most benign lesions (67 of 71,94%)have a benign appearance on low-dose CT. Conclusions Low dose CT images were useful in precisely diagnosing bone metastasis. Negative low dose CT appearance to the abnormal foci on PET may be a reliable sign of metastases.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477636

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of 18F-FDG,11C-MET and 11C-CHO PET/CT in the differentiation of C6 glioma from different kinds of inflammation in experimental rat models.Methods (1) A total of 48 male SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups by the random number table:group 1 and 2 consisted of 8 rats bearing both C6 glioma and turpentine oil-induced acute inflammation;group 3 and 4 consisted of 8 rats bearing both C6 glioma and turpentine oil-induced chronic inflammation;group 5 and 6 consisted of 8 rats bearing both C6 glioma and BCG-induced granuloma.(2) 18F-FDG and 11C-MET PET/CT were performed on rats of group 1,3 and 5;18F-FDG and 11C-CHO PET/CT were performed on rats of group 2,4 and 6.The lesion-to-muscle ratios and tumor selectivity index (SI) were calculated.(3)After the PET/CT imaging,the lesions were excised.Immunohistochemical staining was used to demonstrate the situation of Glut-1,HIF-1α and CD98.(4)Two-sample t test,Nemenyi test and nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis H test were used for statistical analyses.Results (1) 18 F-FDG and 11 C-MET uptake in C6 glioma were higher than those in different inflammatory tissues(t--1.425-3.901,all P<0.05).The 11 C-CHO uptake among different lesions were not significant (t =0.031-3.901,all P>0.05).In group 1 and 5 models,SIMET(4.22±2.96 and 4.89±2.08) was significantly higher than SIFDG(1.77±0.86 and 1.72±0.77;t =2.717and 2.490,both P<0.05);but iu group 3 models,SIMET(3.84±2.71) was not significantly higher than SIFDG(2.28± 1.14;t =2.082,P>0.05).(2) Immunohistochemical study showed that there were significant differences in the expression of HIF-1 α,CD98 among different lesions (H =17.810,26.540,both P < 0.05),and no significances of expression of Glut-1 among different lesions (H=5.940,P>0.05).Nemenyi test showed that there was significant difference for CD98 expression between C6 glioma and acute inflammation,C6 glioma and granuloma (x2=5.504,9.345,both P<O.05),and for HIF-1α and CD98 expression between C6 glioma and chronic inflammation (x2 =-5.938,2.128,both P<0.05).Conclusions Compared with 18F-FDG and 11 C-CHO,11 C-MET has better tumor specificity.11 C-CHO PET/CT is not suitable for the differentiation of tumor and inflammation because of its lowest specificity.

12.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; (6): 177-180, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468240

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the pattern of cognitive impairments mainly caused by the white matter lesions(WML) in the frontal lobe in patients with subcortical ischemic vascular disease (SIVD).Methods Fifty SIVD patients were divided into severe WML group (visual score >3, n=27) and mild WML group(visual score ≤3, n=23) according to their severities of the WML in frontal lobe .Seven patients without SIVD were collected as controls .All patients underwent a set of neuropsychological battery ,and the results were analyzed .Results There was no statistical significance among three groups on basic data .Compared with mild WML group and control group , non frontal white matter scores and numbers of lacunes in frontal lobe of severe WML group were significantly higher ( all P=0.000).Compared with mild WML group,the Montreal cognitive assessment scale in severe WML group were significantly lower ( P=0.047 ) , and scores related to the executive function were significantly lower ( P=0.006 ) , even after adjusting the numbers of lacunes in frontal lobe ,there was statistically significant difference (P=0.038). Multiple regression confirmed that the Z scores of executive functions were mainly affected by white matter lesions located in the frontal lobe ( P=0.000 ) .Conclusion WML located in the frontal lobe mainly affect the executive function in patients with SIVD .

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431056

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of individual template assisting permanent interstitial brachytherapy for skull base region.Methods From August 2010 to June 2012,20 patients with recurrent malignancies of skull base region received 125I seed permanent implantation.Before implanting,all patients underwent CT scan,the data were stored in Dicom format and imported into brachytherapy treatment planning system (BTPS).The preplan were finished by BTPS.Then,the digital model based on virtual needle and skin CT slices was reconstructed by Mimics and Geomagic.According to the digital model,the individual template was made from medical light-cured resin using rapid forming machine.During implanting,needles were inserted under the individual template assistance and 125I seeds were implanted according to preplan.After implanting,implantation quality was evaluated by 2D and 3D CT images and BTPS.The needles and seed distribution were observed.The actual dose distribution of target volumes D90,V100 and V150 was calculated.The complications were recorded within 72 hours.Results Interstitial implantation of 20 patients were performed successfully and efficiently under the individual template assistance without serious complications.Because of containing the virtual needle positioning and face surface feature information at the same time,the individual template significantly improved precision of needle location and orientation.The actuarial median number of 125I seeds implanted was 70 (range,20-172),and actuarial median D90,V100 and V150 was 181.6 Gy (127.4-279.6 Gy),98.2% (94.6%-100%),43.2% (24.3%-52.2%),respectively.The seed distribution and dosimetric quality were well controlled.Conclusions The method of individual template assisting permanent interstitial brachytherapy for skull base region is feasible,which can improve the accuracy of needle position placement.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430561

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors and imaging features of silent brain infarction (SBI).Methods The patient with SBI from the clinic were enrolled in the study,and the patients with symptomatic non-lacunar infarction served as controls.The risk factors and imaging features of both groups were compared.Results Among 145 patients with SBI,133 (91.72%) had two or more lesions,mainly in the centrum semiovale (73.10%).The proportion of patients with white matter lesions in the group of SBI in a single location was significantly lower than that in the group of SBI in multiple locations (41.67% vs.73.68% ;x2 =5.484,P =0.019).Compared to the patients with SBI,the age in patents with symptomatic non-lacunar infarction was older (72.42 ± 11.79 vs.67.03 ± 12.04 years; t =3.545,P =0.000),the proportions of male (63.55% vs.46.21% ;x2 =7.447,P =0.006),hypertension (80.37% vs.64.14% ; x2 =7.887,P =0.005) and atrial fibrillation (31.78% vs.8.97%,x2 =21.113,P =0.000),as well as the levels of fasting glucose (6.09 ±1.23 mmol/Lvs.5.65± 1.18 mmol/L; t=2.863,P=0.005),total cholesterol (5.53± 0.74 mmol/Lvs.5.27 ± 0.90 mmol/L; t =2.554,P =0.011),triglycerides (1.89 ± 0.20 mmol/L vs.1.77 ± 0.18 mmol/L; t =4.910,P=0.000) and homocysteine (1 4.88 ±4.97 mmol/L vs.11.94 ±4.61 mmol/L; t =4.432,P =0.000)were higher.However,the lipoprotein (a) level was lower (0.18 ± 0.06 g/L vs.0.27 ± 0.18 g/L; t =-5.489,P =0.000).Among patients with SBI,33.8% and 43.5% had lesions in two and three locations,respectively;among patients with symptomatic non-lacunar infarction,66.4% and 27.1% had lesions in a single location and two locations,respectively (P < 0.001).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lipoprotein (a)was the independent risk factor for SBI (odds ratio 5.988,95% confidence interval 2.421-14.706; P =0.000).Conclusions Although they shared a variety of common risk factors,patients with SBI had less atherosclerotic risk factors than those with symptomatic non-lacunar infarction.Most patients with SBI had lesions in multiple locations.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 769-773, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430420

ABSTRACT

Objective To respectively analyze the patterns and possible predictors of recurrent strokes among patients with initial ischemic stroke.Methods Three hundred and sixty-one patients with recurrent strokes (acute ischemic stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage) after initial ischemic strokes were collected from Jan 2004 to Dec 2009.The data about conventional risk factors such as smoking,heavy alcohol drinking,hypertension,diabetes,hyperlipidemia,heart diseases,head trauma,migraine,family history of cardiovascular disease,and the use of preventive medications were collected and analyzed among patients with different types of recurrent strokes.Results Patients (n =361) were divided into ischemic stroke group (n =321) and hemorrhagic stroke group (n =40) according to the recurrent stroke type.The ischemic stroke group was further divided into the anterior circulation stroke subgroup (n =234),the posterior circulation stroke subgroup (n =75) and watershed cerebral infarction or multiple infarction subgroup (n =12).Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that older age at initial stroke onset (OR =1.036,95 % CI 1.006-1.067,P =0.02) and hyperlipidemia (OR =2.253,95 % CI 1.092-4.647,P =0.028) were both the independent risk factors for the recurrent ischemic stroke.Comparing the subgroups,multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that atrial fibrillation (OR =4.217,95% CI 1.489-11.942,P =0.007) was the independent risk factor for the recurrent ischemic stroke in the posterior circulation territory.Conclusion Aging and hyperlipidemia are possible predictors of recurrent ischemic stroke after the initial ischemic stroke which would be useful for individualized secondary prevention of stroke.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 259-263, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428718

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the reproducibility of long-term blood pressure variability in ischemic stroke and the association between the variability and cerebral microbleeds.Methods Patients with ischemic stroke at the previous 1-6 months were consecutively recruited and followed up 12-18 months.Blood pressure measurements were taken at every interview.Blood pressure variability indicated visit-to visit variability and was quantified by calculating the maximum ( Max),standard deviation (SD) and coefficient of variation (CV).For these variability might positively correlated with mean of blood pressure,the additional variability measure,SD independent of mean (SDIM),was also calculated.To determine the reproducibility of mean and variability measurements,the intraclass correlation (ICC) was also calculated.MRI was performed at baseline and the end of the study.Cerebral microbleeds were rated using Microbleed Anatomical Rating Scale (MARS).Multiple Logistic regression was used to assess the association between the visit-to-visit blood pressure variability and cerebral microbleeds.Results A total of 720 patients were recruited,of whom 595 (82.6%) subjects were present for 14 blood pressure readings during follow-up.The visit-to-visit blood variability measurements were moderately reproducible according to the ICC:0.46-0.72 for systolic blood pressure (SBP) and 0.42-0.69 for diastolic blood pressure ( DBP),respectively,P <0.01 for all measures.Patients with cerebral microbleeds were more likely to have higher mean blood pressure and variability for both SBP and DBP regardless the distribution of cerebral microbleeds.Being SBP Max,SBP SD,SBP CV,SBP SDIM(OR=1.036,95% CI l.021-1.052,P=0.000; OR=1.060,95%CI 1.001-1.122,P =0.046; OR =1.084,95% CI 1.000-1.175,P =0.049; OR =1.065,95% CI 1.002-1.132,P =0.044) and DBP SD,DBP CV ( OR =1.111,95% CI 1.000-1.233,P =0.049;OR =1.091,95% CI 1.001-1.190,P =0.047) were the independently risk factors of cercbral microbleeds at deep region; SBP Max( OR =1.049,95% CI 1.029-1.068,P =0.000) and DBP SD、DBP CV(OR =1.236,95% CI 1.107-1.379,P=0.000;OR =1.188,95% CI 1.087-1.298,P=0.000)independently associated with cerebral microbleeds at infratentorial location.There was no significant relation between the long-term variability of blood pressure and cerebral microbleeds at lobar region. Conclusions This study indicates that long-term blood pressure variability is substantial and independently associated with cerebral microbleeds in deep or infratentorial but not with that in lobar region.The different relations between the variability and cerebral microbleeds might indicate the heterogenic mechanisms of cerebral microbleeds.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427412

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare distribution difference in risk factors of patients with first-ever ischemic stroke (IS) of different age and gender.Methods A total of 1027 patients admitted to the neurological department in Shanghai Renji Hospital with first-ever IS were recruited and divided into young adult group ( < 50 years old),middle-aged group (50-80 years old),and very old group ( > 80 years old)according to their ages.Risk factor analysis included history of smoking,high alcohol consumption,hypertension (HT),diabetes mellitus (DM),heart diseases,atrial fibrillation (AF) and family history of cardiovascular diseases.Results Female patients were globally older than male patients (71.1 vs 65.7,P < 0.001 ) at the first attack of IS and having higher prevalence of DM (26.8% vs 19.2%,P =0.004 ),heart diseases (28.8% vs 19.2%,P<0.001) and AF (7.6% vs 3.9%,P=0.009).However,female patients were less likely to drink heavily ( 1.0% vs 31.6%,P <0.001 ) or smoke (4.4% vs 59.9%,P <0.001 ) than the male patients.The rates of smoking and heavy drinking in young adult group were higher than that in other two groups.Patients in very old group had higher prevalence of heart diseases and AF but lower proportion of positive family cardiovascular diseases history than patients in other two groups.HT and DM were equally frequent among three groups.In young adult group,female patients were more likely to have heart diseases and family history of heart diseases (P =0.015 and P =0.048).In middle-old group,HT,DM,heart disease and AF were more common in women than in men (P =0.021,P =0.004,P =0.001 and P =0.039).Conclusion There are differences in risk factor distribution in patients with first-ever IS of different age and gender.Therefore,screening and health education should be performed in allusion to different risk factors.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427219

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the major clinical manifestations and their effect on prognosis in patients with posterior circulation stroke (PCS).Methods The clinical data of 129 consecutive hospitalized patients with acute PCS confirmed by clinical and imaging were registered prospectively,and they were followed up for 3 months.The patients were divided into a good prognosis group (modified Rankin scale [ mRS] score ≤ 2) and a poor prognosis group (mRS score ≥ 3) according to their mRS scores.Results 90.7% patients had 4 to 12 symptoms and signs,only 1 presented an isolated symptom.The most common symptoms and signs were unilateral.Crossed paralysis (1.6%) or quadriplegia (0.8% ) was rare.Univariate analysis showed that the symptoms of unilateral limb weakness (relative risk [RR] 1.262,95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.030-1.546; P =0.030),slurred speech (RR 1.434,95%CI 1.133 - 1.816; P=0.004),dysphagia (RR 2.216,95% CI 1.131 -4.341; P =0.017),and the signs of decreased unilateral muscle strength (RR 1.288,95% CI1.047-1.583; P=0.021),central facial/tongue paralysis (RR 1.467,95%CI 1.164- 1.850; P=0.002),dysarthria (RR 1.468,95%CI 1.154- 1.867; P=0.002),ocular motor dysfunction (RR 3.073,95%CI1.346 - 7.017; P =0.005),and conscious disturbance (RR 5.736,95% CI 1.268 - 25.946; P =0.023) were the risk factors for poor prognosis,while ataxia (RR O.478,95% CI 0.284 -0.804; P =0.002) was associated with good prognosis.Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that after adjusted for all risk factors,the baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) (odds ratio [ OR] 1.513,95% CI1.107-2.066; P=0.009),dysarthria (OR,7.11,95% CI 1.207-41.877; P=0.030),ocular motor dysfunction (OR 8.653,95% CI 1.230- 60.887; P=0.030),and large-artery atherosclerotic stroke (OR5.482,95% CI 1.008 -29.803; P =0.049) were the independent risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with PCS,while ataxia (OR 0.251,95% CI 0.067- 0.941; P=0.040) was independently associated with good prognosis of the patients.Conclusions The clinical manifestations in patients with PCS are complex,the majority of their symptoms and signs are unilateral.Most of the patients showed a variety of symptoms,and the isolated symptoms axe rare.Some symptoms and signs may indicate the prognosis of patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420862

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Objective To analyze the factors affecting on early efficacy of intravenous thrombolysis with atleplase.Methods The clinical data of 100 acute cerebral infarction patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis with atleplase were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into early effective group and ineffective group,whieh assessed by National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) with criteria of whether there were > 3 or not at 24 hours after therapy.Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to determine the differences of clinical data between the two groups.Results Univariate analysis revealed that the early improvement was significantly associated with favorable outcome at 3 month (P =0.000).Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that the systolic pressure at baseline was moderately positively associated with early improvement (OR 1.031,95% CI 1.008-1.056,P =0.009).Conclusion Moderately lower baseline systolic pressure is associated with early improvement after thrombolytic therapy which is associated with favorable outcome at 3 month.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421294

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in neuroimaging between large artery atherosclerosis and small subcortical infarction (SSI). Methods The consecutive hospitalized patients with acute SSI were divided into large atherosclerotic stroke group and small-artery occlusive stroke group according to the evidence-based etiolologic classification of ischemic stroke (the SSS-TOAST criteria). The neuroimaging features between the two groups were compared.Results A total of 118 patients with SSI were recruited. Seven patients with cardiogenic cerebral embolism were excluded from the study. Three were stroke of other determined etiology and 7 were cryptogenic stroke. Twenty-six patients in the large artery atherosclerotic stroke group had new infarcts (3.69 ± 5. 79), 50% of them were multiple lesions, mainly a half oval in the center (P <0. 01); 75 patients in the small-artery occlusive stroke group had new infarcts (1.08 ±0. 51), only 3 (3.7%) were mltiple lesions, and they were in the different artery territories.Compared to the large atherosclerotic stroke group, the white matter lesions was more severe in the small-artery occlusive stroke group (P =0. 04), and most of them were accompanied by silent infarction (P =0. 012). Conclusions The large atherosclerotic SSI was mostly multiple infarcts in a half oval in the center, while the small artery occlusive SSI was mostly single infarct, and was usually accompanied by severe white matter lesions and silent infarction.

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