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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511456

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an HPLC method for simultaneous contents determination of paeoniflorin, protocatechuic acid and chlorogenic acid in Penyanjing Capsule. Methods The chromatographic separation was performed on a SHIMADZU VP-ODS-C18 column (4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm); the column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃; A gradient elution of acetonitrile-0.15% phosphoric acid aqueous solution was adopted at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min; The UV detection wavelengths were at 231, 255, and 326 nm; The injection volume was 20 μL. Results Paeoniflorin, protocatechuic acid and chlorogenic acid could be separated efficiently with this condition. The regression equation was Y=1546.4128X+127.0756 (r=0.9999), Y=2925.8468X+2204.1076 (r=0.9998), Y=893.9045X-261.7315 (r=0.9994), respectively. Paeoniflorin, protocatechuic acid and chlorogenic acid were linear in the range of 150.054–1254.50 ng, 162.33–1352.75 ng, 11.43–95.25 ng, and the average recoveries were 97.60%, 102.09% and 98.52%. Conclusion The method is simple, convenient and accurate, which can be used to the quality control of Penyanjing Capsule.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247768

ABSTRACT

With human placed in the whole nature, by following the biologic evolution path, the property of channel structure for "imprinting template" in meridian andwas explored with supramolecular chemistry. In the history of biologic evolution, each molecule in "molecule society" gradually developed into various highly-ordered supramolecular bodies based on self-identification, self-assembly, self-organization, self-replicating of"imprinting template", and thereby the original biochemical system was established, and finally evolved into human. In the forming process of supramolecular bodies, the channel structure of"imprinting template" in guest supramolecular bodies would be kept by host supramolecular bodies, and communicate with the outside to exchange materials, energy, information, otherwise life phenomenon could not continue, for which it was the chemical nature of biolo-gical supramolecular bodies for body to develop meridian. Therefore, the human was a gigantic and complicated supramolecules body in biological nature, and possessed the supramolecules "imprinting template" at each stage of evolution, for which the meridians were formed. When meridians converged, acupoints appeared; when acupointsconverged,appeared. With the promotion of the blood from heart, according to"imprinting template", the guest supramolecular bodies and host meridian produced-analysis, which was the-phenomenon of guest in meridian. It presented asimage of physiology and pathology as well as action regularities of medication and acupuncture tolerance, by which current various meridian viewpoints could be explained and propose the hypothesis of meridian supramolecular bodies. The meridian and its phenomenon was decide by its "imprinting template" of supramolecular bodies and self-reaction regularities, which abided through the living nature. This was the substance for meridian biology.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494139

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pharmacokinetic features of ferulaic acid, senkyunolide A and ligustilide in Buyang Huanwu associated prescriptions (Buyang HuanwuDecoction andNaojianTablets).MethodsHPLC-DAD was applied for simultaneous determination plasma concentration of three ingredients with jugular venous cannula rats after intragastric administration ofBuyang Huanwu associated prescriptions. The pharmacolinetic parameters of each ingredient was calculated by DAS2.0, and then the total quantum statistical moment (TQSM) standard similarity was used to measure the overall pharmacokinetics behaviors.Results There were great differences in the three ingredients after the administration of two prescriptions, while the total quantum statistical parameters were very closely. The TQSM pharmacokinetic parameters of the three components inBuyang HuanwuDecoction andNaojian Tablets showed that AUC, MRT, VRT were 240.6 and 133.0, 3.192 min and 3.259 min, 21.59 min2and 19.75 min2, respectively.The similarity was up to 0.977 8.Conclusion The metabolic processes in vivo ofBuyang Huanwu Decoction andNaojianTablets have similarities. The efficacy of Chinese herbal compounds mostly depends on the multi-components overall contributions.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490066

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Experiments have demonstrated that biological membranes can be usedtorecon struct thetendon she athandin hibit exogenou shealing of thetendon.Therefore,the semembrane sprovide a good bed for tendon gliding and reduce tendon adhesion. OBJECTIVE:To compare the effectsof acelular amniotic membrane and medical membraneagainst tendon adhesion during the repair oftendon sheath defects. METHODS:ToesIIIfrom the bipeds of 66 leghorns were chosen to prepare tendon injury and tendon sheath defect models, which were randomly divided into three groups (n=22 per group). Amnion group were repaired with acelular amniotic membrane, medical membrane group with absorbable membrane, and control group had no treatment on tendon sheath defects. Gross, histological and biomechanical tests of each group were performed at 2, 4, 8, 12 weeks after surgery. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:At 12 weeks after surgery, in the amniotic membrane and medical membrane groups, the tendon sheath formed completely, and the tendon healed well, with no adhesion, but in the control group, there was serious tendon adhesion. At 8 weeks after surgery, the number of synovial cells in the false sheath was highest in the amniotic membrane group sequentially followed by the medical membrane group and control group. In the amniotic membrane group, the rough endoplasmic reticulum expanded highly and secreted exuberantly in the matrix, while in the control group, the synovial cells presented with messy arrangement, and expanded vacuoles in the matrix were weaker than those in the other two groups. At 12 weeks after surgery, fibroblasts were arrayedtidily in layerwith dense structure in the medical membrane and amniotic membrane groups;but in the control group, fibroblasts were distributed disorderly with loose structure. Tendon sliding distance and total flexor toe angle in the amniotic membrane and medical filmgroups were significantly larger than those in the control group (P < 0.05),butthere was no significant difference between the medical membrane and amniotic membrane groups. Additionally, the maximum tensile fracture strength had no significant difference among three groups at 12 weeks after surgery. These results indicate that both amniotic membrane and medical membrane can markedlyprotect the tendon from exogenous healing and adhesion.

5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 369-374, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486113

ABSTRACT

Objective Studies show that the abnormal ex-pressions of APC and survivin play important roles in the development and progression of colon cancer .Survivin shRNA and APC double gene co-expression lentiviral vector was constructed to observe whether it could be successfully expressed in HT-29 colon cancer cells and whether it could impact on colon cancer cell apoptosis . Methods We selected the best shRNA interference fragment from the construc-tion of three pairs of complementary shRNA fragments and connected it with the effective fragment of APC ( aa1020-1698 ) to construct a double gene co-expression lentiviral vector .HT-29 cells were divid-ed into experimental group , empty loading group and blank group .HT-29 cells were observed by fluorescence microscopy after infec-tion.Survivin and APC expression levels were observed by real time PCR and western blot .Apoptosis was detected by caspase-3 activi-ty assay. Results ①We successfully constructed three pairs of shRNA sequences and proved that they had no human gene homolo -gous to the rest.Real time PCR analysis showed that the best sequence was shRNA 3.②After the sequence alignment of constructed shRNA vectors, three pairs of shRNA sequences were completely the same with the first designed sequence .Green fluorescence was observed in HT-29 cells by fluorescence microscope .The survivin content in experiment group (31.71 ±1.49) was significantly de-creased compared with empty loading group (100 ±0) and blank group(95.12 ±2.15)(P<0.05).The expression level of APC mR-NA was significantly increased compared with empty loading group (0 ±0) and blank group(0.51 ±0.15)(P<0.05).③The relative ratio of apoptosis in experiment group (0.573 ±0.050) was significantly increased compared with empty loading group (0.390 ± 0.040) and blank group(0.407 ±0.030)(P<0.05). Conclusion We have successfully constructed survivin-shRNA-APC double gene co-expression lentiviral vector which can be successfully expressed in HT-29 colon cancer cells , providing references for subse-quent gene therapy by the use of the carrier .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438294

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to analyze characteristics of Chinese Materia Medica ( CMM ) preparations in order to identify the long-term development direction of this discipline and suggest key questions and strategies to solve the problems. According to the development track of CMM preparation, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) basic theories and modern new drug research techniques were combined with the author's experiences on modernization study of TCM. This article discussed key issues of CMM preparation development direction, characteristics and is-sues need to be solved and their countermeasures. The results showed that the development direction for CMM preparation discipline should entirety unify CMM preparation system. The medical resource should be convenient which include animal, plant and mineral products. The single determinacy (effectiveness, stability and controlled) and compatibility (prediction, optimization and lowest toxin) will be applied in the guidance of CMM preparation system. In order to achieve goals mentioned above, key issues need to be solved are efficiency categories for in-gredients, genetical stabilities and one sampling charge, emigration rules of properties among ingredients, the ki-netic and stable rules of ingredient extraction, controlled rules for integral models or for disorder and torrent, e-valuation rules in vivo and in vitro, microscopic and macroscopic qualities, determinacy for single administration and compatibility for combination applications. It was concluded that the CMM preparation is a series of integral unified effective ingredient preparations that behave the determinacy for single administration and compatibility for combination applications.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293165

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To eluciate and establish a new population pharmacokinetic mathematical models and parameter calculation for the multiple components in the Chinese Matria Medica Formula (CMMF) through analyses of population pharmacokinetic parameter calculation for single compounds.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The model was been set up by statistic moment principle to form a new population pharmacokinetics for the mutiple components in CMMF according to the single compound population pharmacokinetic parameter calculation principle.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>It have been established the mathematical model for the population pharmacokinetic model for CMMF that consisted of a series of parameters: 1) total quantum zero moment as AUC(T), 2) first moment as MRT(T), mean residence time of metabolism, 3) second moment as VRT(T), variance of mean residence time of metabolism, 4) total body clearance CL(T), 5) total apparent volum V(T), 6) 95% of total ingredient metabolic time interval PI(T)(0.95), 7) 95% of total ingredient accumulation metabolic time interval Pa(T)(0.95) etc that were correlated with single population pharmacokinetic parameters.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The population pharmacokinetic model and parameter calculation for CMMF can be established on the bases of single compound population pharmacokinetics by way of total quantum statistic moment principle to be expansived taylor expression at point of population parameter typical values to divide population pharmacokinetic total quantum statistical moment parameters into the four term of typical value, fixed effect, biologic variation and experiment error.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Biological , Pharmacokinetics
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