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1.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 275-280, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971487

ABSTRACT

Marine microorganisms, especially marine fungi, have historically proven their value as a prolific source for structurally novel and pharmacologically active secondary metabolites (Deshmukh et al., 2018; Carroll et al., 2022). The corals constitute a dominant part of reefs with the highest biodiversity, and harbor highly diverse and abundant microbial symbionts in their tissue, skeleton, and mucus layer, with species-specific core members that are spatially partitioned across coral microhabitats (Wang WQ et al., 2022). The coral-associated fungi were very recently found to be vital producers of structurally diverse compounds, terpenes, alkaloids, peptides, aromatics, lactones, and steroids. They demonstrate a wide range of bioactivity such as anticancer, antimicrobial, and antifouling activity (Chen et al., 2022). The genetically powerful genus Emericella (Ascomycota), which has marine and terrestrial sources, includes over 30 species and is distributed worldwide. It is considered a rich source of diverse secondary metabolites with antimicrobial activity or cytotoxicity (Alburae et al., 2020). Notably, Emericella nidulans, the sexual state of a classic biosynthetic strain Aspergillus nidulans, was recently reported as an important source of highly methylated polyketides (Li et al., 2019) and isoindolone-containing meroterpenoids (Zhou et al., 2016) with unusual skeletons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspergillus nidulans , Polyketides/chemistry , Anthozoa/microbiology , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Alkaloids
2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1298-1301, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the ultrasonophic features of left atrial appendage aneurysm, and to provide an important reference for the early and accurate diagnosis of left atrial appendage aneurysm.Methods:Patients with atrial appendage aneurysm have no obvious symptoms in the early stage, and there are many difficulties and challenges in diagnosis. This paper analyzed and summarized the diagnostic characteristics of a child with left atrial appendage aneurysm by combining the prenatal and postnatal ultrasonic imaging characteristics.Results:Echocardiography is the first choice for the diagnosis of left atrial appendage aneurysm. Some cases can make precise diagnosis prenatally.Conclusions:Echocardiography is the preferred imaging examination method for evaluating left atrial appendage aneurysm. Multimodal imaging technology can identify and diagnose left atrial appendage aneurysm early and accurately, and provide important basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment plan.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 376-381, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the values of right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain (RVFWLS) by three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3D-STE) in predicting the degree of RV myocardial fibrosis (MF) in patients with end-stage heart failure (HF).Methods:A total of 102 consecutive patients with end-stage HF undergoing heart transplantation were enrolled in the Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from June 2018 to December 2019. Echocardiographic examinations were performed in these patients before heart transplantation. The conventional RV function parameters were obtained, including fractional area change, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion(TAPSE), myocardial performance index, tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity(Tricuspid s′). Two-dimensional (2D) RVFWLS was calculated by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE). Right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume (RVEDV), RV end-systolic volume (RVESV), RV stroke volume (RVSV), RV ejection fraction (RVEF) and 3D-RVFWLS were measured by 3D-STE. The degree of MF was quantified using Masson′s trichrome stain in RV myocardial samples after heart transplantation. Patients were divided into mild, moderate, and severe groups according to the degree of MF on histology, then echocardiographic parameters were compared among the 3 groups. Pearson correlation analysis and the multiple linear regression analysis between echocardiographic parameters and RV MF were analyzed.Results:Compared with patients with mild and moderate MF, 3D-RVFWLS, 2D-RVFWLS and conventional parameters of RV function were significantly decreased in patients with severe MF.RV MF strongly correlated with 3D-RVFWLS ( r=-0.71, P<0.01), modestly correlated with 2D-RVFWLS ( r=-0.53, P<0.01), and weakly correlated with RVFAC, TAPSE, RVEF, Tricuspid s′, RVSV ( r=-0.47, -0.44, -0.35, -0.29, -0.38; all P<0.01). 3D-RVFWLS correlated best with the degree of MF compared with 2D-RVFWLS and conventional RV function parameters ( r=-0.71 vs r=-0.29~-0.53, all P<0.05). A stepwise multivariate analysis showed that 3D-RVFWLS was independently associated with RV MF (β=1.554, P<0.01, adjusted R2=0.539). Conclusions:3D-RVFWLS can provide an important imaging reference for detecting the degree of RV MF in patients with end-stage HF.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 584-591, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910095

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility, accuracy and reproducibility of a novel, fully automated three-dimensional echocardiography right ventricular(RV) quantification software(3D Anto RV) to evaluate the RV volume and RV ejection fraction (RVEF) using artificial intelligence in patients after heart transplantation (HT) comparing with the gold reference-cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR).Methods:Forty-six patients after HT who were scheduled for echocardiogram at their routine follow-up examinations and also agreed to undergo CMR examination within the following 24 hours in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from October 2018 to June 2019 were prospectively included. The right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDV), right ventricular end-systolic volume (RVESV), right ventricular stroke volume (RVSV) and RVEF of HT patients were measured by CMR 3D Auto RV and conventional semi-automated three-dimensional echocardiography RV quantification software (Tomtec 4D RV function 2.0). The results of the 3D Auto RV and conventional semi-automated Tomtec were respectively compared with CMR using paired two-tailed student′s t-tests, Pearson correlation coefficients and Bland-Altman analyses. Results:The feasibility of the 3D Auto RV was 87%.The fully automated analysis realized in 27 (59%) patients by 3D Auto RV and the analysis time required only (12±1)s. The results of the remaining 19 (41%) patients needed manual adjustment and the mean analysis time in manual adjustment was also <2 min that was shorter than the conventional semi-automated three-dimensional echocardiography RV quantification software[(108±15)s vs (160±34)s, P<0.001]. For the results of RV volumes: There were good correlations between the 3D Auto RV and CMR, conventional semi-automated Tomtec and CMR for the measurements of RVEDV, RVESV and RVSV ( r=0.77-0.84, all P<0.001). In addition, compared with CMR, although there were significantly underestimated RV volumes by the 3D Auto RV and conventional semi-automated Tomtec, the negative bias was smaller in the 3D Auto RV than the conventional semi-automated Tomtec. For the results of RVEF: the corresponding RVEF derived from 3D Auto RV and CMR showed an excellent correlation and consistency ( r=0.84, P<0.001; bias=-1.1%, Limit of agreement=-8.1%-6.0%). In addition, the correlations between the manual adjustment by 3D Auto RV and the CMR ( r=0.63-0.72, all P<0.001) was lower than the correlations between the 3D Auto RV and the CMR ( r=0.76-0.82, all P<0.001) for RV volumes and RVEF.Finally, 3D Auto RV had a good reproducibility. Conclusions:The new fully 3D Auto RV quantification software underestimate RV volumes that less than the conventional semi-automated Tomtec. And the 3D Auto RV quantification software can accurately evaluate the RVEF in patients after HT with rapid analysis and higher reproducibility, which may also support the routine adoption of this method during follow-ups of HT patients in the daily clinical workflow.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 340-345, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753924

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aims to examine the association between leptin and postpartum depression symptoms. Methods Two hundred pregnant women were enrolled and their prenatal serum leptin levels were measured by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The state of depression was first assessed on the third day after delivery and reassessed by a telephone follow up on the 42nd day using the Edinburg postnatal depression scale (EPDS) after delivery. Patients with postpartum depression symptoms with EPDS score ≥13 points after 3 days postpartum or 42 days postpartum were recruited as the depressive symptom group. Results The medians and lower and upper quartiles of the prenatal serum leptin levels in the depressive symptom group (the 3rd day) and the control group were 1.36 (1.15, 1.68) μg/L and 1.49 (1.28, 1.91) μg/L, respectively. After normal conversion, the serum leptin level was significantly lower in the depressive symptom group than in the control group (P=0.021). The medians and lower and upper quartiles of the prenatal serum leptin levels in the depressive symptom group (the 42nd day) and the control group were 1.17 (1.01, 1.36) μg/L and 1.50 (1.29, 1.90) μg/L, respectively. After normal conversion, the serum leptin level was significantly lower in the depressive symptom group than in the control group (P<0.001). EPDS scores 3 days postpartum (r=-0.199, P=0.014) and 42 days postpartum (r=-0.254, P=0.002) were negatively correlated with prenatal serum leptin levels. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the prenatal leptin levels were associated with depressive symptoms at 42 days postpartum (OR=0.026, P=0.001). Conclusion Prenatal serum leptin levels may be associated with postpartum depressive symptoms, and high levels of leptin are protective factors for postpartum depression.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 917-920, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701460

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the association between site polymorphism of glutathione S-transferase omega1 (GSTO1) gene (rs4925),arsenic (+3) methyhransferase (As3MT) gene (rs11191439) and susceptibility to endemic arsenic poisoning.Methods All related studies in published papers up to March 1,2018 on association between site polymorphism of As3MT gene,GSTO1 gene and susceptibility to endemic arsenic poisoning were collected by searching PubMed,Embase,CNKI,Wanfang and VIP database.The data were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,and extracted,the quality of included studies was evaluated.The pooled odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated using Review Manager 5.3 software.Publication bias and sensitivity analysis were also assessed.Results A total of 7 case-control studies involving 989 cases and 1 212 controls were included in the Meta-analysis.Individuals carrying at least one allele A at the rs4925 locus of the GSTO1 gene might increase the risk of susceptibility to arsenic poisoning compared with individuals carrying wild homozygous type [AA + CA vs CC,OR (95%CI) =1.37 (1.13,1.65),P < 0.01].There was no statistically significant relationship between susceptibility to arsenic poisoning in individuals with at least one allele C at the rs1 1191439 locus of the As3MT gene compared with individuals carrying wild homozygous type [CC + TC vs TT,OR (95%CI) =1.12 (0.69,1.81),P > 0.05].Conclusions GSTO1 gene rs4925 polymorphism is significantly associated with susceptibility to arsenic poisoning,and the A allele is a risk gene for susceptibility to arsenic poisoning.The As3MT gene rs1 1191439 locus polymorphism is not associated with susceptibility to arsenic poisoning.

7.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 351-355, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616529

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between intracranial atherosclerotic plaque stability and stroke recurrence risk.Methods Forty-eight patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by intracranial atherosclerosis in Guangdong Province Hospital of TCM were analyzed retrospectively.After the Essen Stroke Risk Scale (ESRS) was used to assess the risk factors for the patients,they were divided into either an ESRS ≥3 group (n=21 in the high-risk recurrence group) or an ESRS <3 group (n=27 in the low-risk recurrence group).Both groups of patients underwent high-resolution MR imaging (HR-MRI) examinations of the intracranial guilty vessels (basilar artery or unilateral middle cerebral artery).According to the signal intensity of HR-MRI on the T1-weighted imaging,T2-weighted imaging,and T1 fat suppression sequences,the intracranial atherosclerotic stable plaques and unstable plaques were distinguished.The stabilization of intracranial atherosclerotic plaques was compared in patients of both groups.Results There were significant differences in the age and incidences of hypertension,diabetes mellitus,and unstable plaques in patients of both groups (P<0.05).Further multivariate logistic regression analysis of the four factors showed that the age,hypertension,diabetes,and intracranial atherosclerotic unstable plaques were the high-risk factors for recurrent ischemic stroke (ORs,87.114,159.423,8.942,and 11.551,respectively;95%CIs 4.218-1 799.078,3.235-7 855.957,1.054-75.857,and 1.011-132.043,respectively;all P<0.05).Conclusion In addition to the traditional risk factors such as age,hypertension,and diabetes,the intracranial atherosclerotic unstable plaque is an independent risk factor for high-risk recurrence of ischemic stroke.

8.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 701-705, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512805

ABSTRACT

AIM To compare liver-protective and anti-inflammatory effects of extracts from root,stem,leaf,and flower of Gentiana rigescens.METHODS The mouse model for the immunological liver injury induced by Concanavalin A,and mouse ear swelling model for inflammation caused by dimethylbenzene were used for the comparison of the liver-protective or anti-inflammatory effects of four parts individually.RESULTS Four aqueous extracts of Gentiana rigescens showed the dose-dependent decrease in the activity of ALT and AST in serum and liver index,and alleviation of hepatic tissue injury induced by Concanavalin A in mice.The effects of the extracts from the leaf and root were better than those from the stem and flower.These extracts presented dose-dependent inhibition against the ear swelling caused by dimethylbenzene in mice.The effects of the extracts from the leaf and stem were better than those from the flower and root.CONCLUSION Extracts from the root and leaf of G.rigescens have liver-protective effect,and parts from the stem and leaf have anti-inflammatory effect.

9.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 240-244, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613964

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of Xenon-CT cerebral blood flow perfusion imaging in cerebral revascularization before surgery and efficacy evaluation.Methods The clinical data of 15 patients with symptomatic cerebral artery stenosis/occlusion of anterior circulation were analyzed retrospectively.Eight patients were treated with endovascular stenting,1 was treated with internal carotid endarterectomy,and 6 were treated with superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass grafting.The regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) detected by Xenon CT within 2 weeks before and after procedure and the modified Ranking scale (mRS) scores at 6 months after procedure were compared.Results (1) The mean rCBF value of 12 patients with abnormal blood perfusion of target vessels before procedure was 30±10 ml/(100 g·min) and that was 32±14 ml/(100 g·min) after procedure.Compared with before procedure,the difference was statistically significant (P0.05).(2) The postoperative mRS score was decreased in 8 cases and stable in 7 cases.Compared with before procedure,there were significant differences in mRS scores after procedure in 15 cases (P<0.05).During the follow-up period,none of the patients had new neurological impairment.Conclusion Revascularization can improve the presence of hemodynamic disorders in patients with symptomatic anterior circulation cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion of the target blood vessels in the distal local cerebral perfusion and neurological deficit symptoms.The patients with abnormal perfusion of preoperative Xenon-CT cerebral blood flow perfusion imaging may be more beneficial than those with normal perfusion.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1611-1615, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737883

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the cross-sectional study of depressive and emotional regulation strategies of elderly residents in Yinchuan and their relationship.Methods A total number of 1 043 elderly cases,including 505 from 5 nursing institutions and 538 from 5 communities in Yinchuan city were chosen,from March to May,2016.Depression survey using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS),emotional adjustment strategies were conducted using the Gross Emotional Regulatory Questionnaire and the Rumination Scale.Results The overall incidence rate of depression among the elderly residents appeared as 32.0%,with 35.5% in the communities and 28.3% in the nursing homes and the difference was statistically significant (x2=6.187,P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the incidence of depression among the elderly and the aged in the community (x2=0.066,P=0.798) by the trend analysis method.The score of GDS for the 1 043 elderly was (9.1 ±5.7) points.The scores on cognitive reappraisal in emotional adjustment strategies and on expression inhibition were (26.7 ± 8.0) and (16.3 ± 6.6) points respectively.The score of the rumination was (34.5 ± 11.7) points.There were significant differences in cognitive reappraisal scores on different sex,hobbies and physical exercise (all Ps<0.05) among the elderly.There were significant differences in rumination scores among the elderly with different age,marital status,cultural level,interest (all Ps <0.05) and in the scores of expression inhibition among the elderly with different levels of education and income (all Ps<0.05).There appeared a negative correlation between the depression scores and cognitive reappraisal (r=-0.400,P<0.01) but a positive correlation between the scores of depression and rumination (r=0.652,P<0.01).Conclusion The incidence of depression identified in the elderly residents appeared high and was associated with emotional adjustment strategies,in Yinchuan city.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1611-1615, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736415

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the cross-sectional study of depressive and emotional regulation strategies of elderly residents in Yinchuan and their relationship.Methods A total number of 1 043 elderly cases,including 505 from 5 nursing institutions and 538 from 5 communities in Yinchuan city were chosen,from March to May,2016.Depression survey using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS),emotional adjustment strategies were conducted using the Gross Emotional Regulatory Questionnaire and the Rumination Scale.Results The overall incidence rate of depression among the elderly residents appeared as 32.0%,with 35.5% in the communities and 28.3% in the nursing homes and the difference was statistically significant (x2=6.187,P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the incidence of depression among the elderly and the aged in the community (x2=0.066,P=0.798) by the trend analysis method.The score of GDS for the 1 043 elderly was (9.1 ±5.7) points.The scores on cognitive reappraisal in emotional adjustment strategies and on expression inhibition were (26.7 ± 8.0) and (16.3 ± 6.6) points respectively.The score of the rumination was (34.5 ± 11.7) points.There were significant differences in cognitive reappraisal scores on different sex,hobbies and physical exercise (all Ps<0.05) among the elderly.There were significant differences in rumination scores among the elderly with different age,marital status,cultural level,interest (all Ps <0.05) and in the scores of expression inhibition among the elderly with different levels of education and income (all Ps<0.05).There appeared a negative correlation between the depression scores and cognitive reappraisal (r=-0.400,P<0.01) but a positive correlation between the scores of depression and rumination (r=0.652,P<0.01).Conclusion The incidence of depression identified in the elderly residents appeared high and was associated with emotional adjustment strategies,in Yinchuan city.

12.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 961-966, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664846

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of sodium butyrate on ethanol-seeking behavior and H3K9 acetylation levels in NMDA receptor 2B subunit(NR2B) promoter region in the hippocampus of Wistar rats.To explore the epigenetic mechanism underlying ethanol-seeking behavior.Methods According to random number table,48 male Wistar rats were divided into saline group,sodium butyrate group,ethanol group and sodium butyrate + ethanol group,with 12 rats in each group and administered by intraperitioneal injection respectively.Conditioned place preference (CPP)was used to evaluate the ethanol-seeking behavior.Using Western-blot,real-time PCR and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays,the expression of NR2B protein,NR2BmRNA and the relative level acetylated H3K9 in NR2B promoter region in the hippocampus were determined respectively.Results The CPP test and the CPP score in each group were different (P< 0.05).Compared with the CPP test(261.1 ± 102.2) and the CPP score(48.5±94.6) of saline group,the CPP test ((406.8±109.2),(502.7±72.89)) and the CPP score((198.2± 119.4),(277.5±76.2)) of ethanol group and sodium butyrate + ethanol group were significantly higher(P<0.05),the CPP test(193.4±93.8) and the CPP score (9.7±94.0)of sodium butyrate group were not significantly different(P>0.05).Compared with the ethanol group,CPP test of sodium butyrate + ethanol group was significantly higher(P<0.05).The expression of NR2B protein,NR2BmRNA and acetylated level H3K9 in NR2B promoter region in the hippocampus in each group were different (P< 0.05).Compared with the expression of NR2B protein (1.00 ± 0.28),NR2BmRNA(1.00±0.14) and H3K9 acetylation in NR2B promoter region(1.00±0.25)in the hippocampus of saline group the expression of NR2B protein((1.40±0.34),(1.79±0.30)),NR2BmRNA((1.26±0.16),(1.50±0.08)) and aeetylated level H3K9 in NR2B promoter region ((1.68±0.16),(2.35±0.45)) of ethanol group and sodium butyrate ± ethanol group were significantly higher(P<0.05).The expression of NR2B protein(0.85±0.24),NR2BmRNA(1.05±0.13) and acetylated level H3K9 in NR2B promoter region(0.96±0.41) of sodium butyrate group were not significantly different(P>0.05).Compared with the ethanol group,the expression of NR2B protein,NR2BmRNA and acetylated level H3K9 in NR2B promoter region in the hippocampus of ethanol group,these of sodium butyrate + ethanol group were significantly higher (P<0.05).The CPP score were positively correlated with the expression of NR2B protein (r=0.474,P<0.05).The expression of NR2B protein were positively correlated with the expression of NR2BmRNA (r=0.468,P<0.05).The expression of NR2BmRNA were positively correlated with the expression of H3K9 acetylation in NR2B promoter region(r=0.596,P<0.05),and the CPP score were positively correlated with the expression of H3K9 acetylation in NR2B promoter region (r=0.542,P<0.05).Conclusion The increasing acetylation level of H3K9 in NR2B promoter region in the hippocampus may be one of the epigenetic mechanisms of promoting ethanolseeking behavior,and H3K9 deacetylation in NR2B promoter region in the hippocampus is likely to be a new target for controlling ethanol dependence.

13.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 737-741, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506479

ABSTRACT

Background:Irritable bowel syndrome(IBS)is a commonly seen functional intestinal disorder. Dietary factors are important factors affecting the abdominal symptoms of IBS patients. Aims:To investigate the effect of dietary factors on abdominal symptoms of IBS and the application of dietary adjustment strategy in patients lived in Xian,Shaanxi Province and the surrounding areas. Methods:Fifty-four outpatients with abdominal complaints who met the Rome Ⅲ criteria of IBS from Feb. 2015 to Jul. 2015 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xian Jiaotong University were enrolled. Twenty healthy volunteers were served as controls. All subjects completed a questionnaire containing issues mainly on IBS symptoms, eating habits,dietary factors causing abdominal symptoms,and the patients’coping styles. Results:Compared with healthy controls,more rice and less spicy food,fatty food,raw/ cold food,acidic beverages and alcohol drinking were observed in diet of IBS patients(P all < 0. 05). Abdominal symptoms of IBS patients could be caused or exacerbated predominantly by cold food(55. 6% ),fatty food(55. 6% ),raw food(48. 1% ),meat(48. 1% )and spicy food (40. 7% ). More than half of the IBS patients(63. 0% ) adopted an elimination diet to minimize their abdominal symptoms. Spicy food(59. 3% ),raw food(48. 1% ),cold food(44. 4% ),fatty food(44. 4% )and meat(37. 0% ) were the most frequently eliminated classes of food. Conclusions:Dietary factors can affect the abdominal symptoms of IBS in patients lived in Xian,Shaanxi Province and the surrounding areas and elimination diet based on foods they perceive as problematic is widely used. The classes of food and eating habits causing abdominal symptoms are quite different between domestic and overseas IBS patients.

14.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 603-605, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500052

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relation between the balloon occlusion test ( BOT) and the anatomy of the circle of Willis ( CW) , and to explore the role of balloon occlusion test in the treatment of internal carotid artery permanent occlusion. Methods Selected the clinical data of 49 patients (52 sides) who had BOT in our hospital from October 2009 to June 2015,and analyzed the relationship be-tween the occurrence rate of anterior communicating artery ( AcoA) / posterior communicating artery ( PcoA) and the positive rate of BOT retrospectively. Results The occurrence rate of the AcoA was 97. 9%, and the occurrence rate of PcoA in one side was 82. 7%. Negative rate BOT accounted for 92. 3% and AcoA occurred in all, while the positive rate accounted for 7. 7%, including 2 cases of right superior ar-teria cerebri anterior combined with ipsilateral PcoAs absence, 1 case of left superior arteria cerebri anterior combined with ipsilateral PcoAs absence, and 1 case of AcoA and PcoAs absence. Conclusion Before the permanent occlusion of the internal carotid artery, it’ s necessary to clarify the redistribution of the compensatory way of blood flow in the AcoA-absent cases. Implementing permanent occlusion for cases with complete circle of Willis would cause less ischemic risk.

15.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 778-783, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670323

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changes of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor 2B subunit (NR2B) expression in the striatum of chronic alcohol exposured rats at different withdrawal time.Methods 72 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into withdrawal 2h group,withdrawal 6h group,withdrawal 12h group,withdrawal 1d group,withdrawal 3d group and control group,and 12 rats in each group.In the 5 withdrawal groups,ethanol was administered in drinking water at the concentration of 6% (V/V) for 16 weeks,and rats in control group were maintained with water.After 16 weeks ethanol was removed and ethanol withdrawal syndromes were evaluated.The expression of NR2B protein in the striatum was measured by immunofluorescence and western blot and the expression of NR2B mRNA in the striatum was measured by realtime PCR.Results Compared with withdrawal scores of control group((1.50±0.80)),scores of withdrawal 2h,6h,12h,1d,3d groups ((10.42±2.50),(15.42± 1.93),(9.25±2.01),(7.67± 1.92),(2.25±0.87) respectively) were higher,and the withdrawal scores of withdrawal 6h group were the highest.Compared with the expression of NR2B fluorescence intensity (2210.00± 178.20),the expression of NR2B protein(0.150±0.009) and the expression of NR2B mRNA(0.006±0.001) in the striatum of control group,the expression of NR2B fluorescence intensity (2710.56 ± 194.21),(5035.16 ± 234.41),(3326.23 ± 378.16),(2570.64 ±177.88),the expression of NR2B protein (0.192±0.008),(1.649±0.205),(0.783±0.109),(0.180±0.009) and the expression of NR2B mRNA (0.026±0.002),(0.351±0.034),(0.248± 0.023),(0.024±0.003) of withdrawal 2h,6h,12h,ld groups were significantly higher (P<0.05),and with the extension of the withdrawal time,the expression was gradually increased.The expression of withdrawal 6h group was the highest,then began to decline,and returned to baseline levels at withdrawal 3 d(P>0.05).Withdrawal scores were positively correlated with the expression of NR2B protein(r=0.719,P<0.01),the expression of NR2B protein was positively correlated with the expression of NR2B mRNA(r=0.937,P<0.01),and the expression of NR2B mRNA was positively correlated with withdrawal scores(r=0.673,P<0.01).Conclusion The expression of NR2B was up-regulated in the striatum of chronic alcohol exposured rats at different withdrawl time.NR2B protein and NR2B mRNA expression is positively correlated with the withdrawal scores,suggesting that regulating the expression of NR2B may be a new target for the treatment of ethanol withdrawal symptoms.

16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 275-278, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778541

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical manifestations of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and related risk factors in patients with liver cirrhosis. MethodsA total of 541 patients with liver cirrhosis who were admitted to the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from April 2008 to April 2015 were included in the study; 76 patients with PVT were enrolled in the study group, and another 76 patients without PVT matched for sex, age, and Child-Pugh class were enrolled in the control group. The clinical data and related indicators were analyzed and compared between the two groups. The t-test was applied for comparison of continuous data between groups, the chi-square test was applied for comparison of categorical data between groups, and the unconditional logistic regression model was used to determine the independent risk factors for PVT in liver cirrhosis. ResultsIn the patients with liver cirrhosis and PVT, 421% (32/76) had an insidious onset and 579% (44/76) had obvious clinical manifestations. Most patients had Child-Pugh class B and C cirrhosis. There were significant differences between the two groups in platelet count, blood glucose, percentage of neutrophils, severe esophageal and gastric varices, plasma D-dimer, portal vein width, and thickness of the spleen (all P<0.05). The unconditional logistic regression model analysis showed that percentage of neutrophils (OR=1.044, P=0.040), plasma D-dimer (OR=0.091, P=0.000), portal vein width (OR=0.030, P=0.008), and thickness of the spleen (OR=0.427, P=0.003) were the influencing factors for PVT. ConclusionPVT may have an insidious onset in patients with liver cirrhosis, or have different clinical manifestations. Cirrhotic PVT usually occurs in patients with advanced liver cirrhosis, and plasma D-dimer, portal vein width, thickness of the spleen, and percentage of neutrophils are the independent influencing factors for PVT in patients with liver cirrhosis.

17.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1009-1011, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747233

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application of endoscopic nasal lateral wall dissection in lesions of the maxillary sinus.@*METHOD@#Ten hospitalized patients with the maxillary sinus lesions were treated with the endoscopic nasal lateral wall dissection.@*RESULT@#All 10 patients were unilateral invasion. Among them, 7 cases were inverted papilloma, 2 cases were recurrent antrochoanal polyps, 1 case was sinusal tooth. The tumors and antrochoanal polyps originated from the every part of the maxillary sinus wall during operation, especially from the anterior and media wall. During 10-62 months follow-up,epithelization of nasal occured and the shape of inferior turbinate was well. All of them had no epiphora.@*CONCLUSION@#Endoscopic nasal lateral wall dissection can remain the function of nasal lacrimal duct and nasal cavity,and may provide a new minimally invasive approach for complete resection of lesions of nasal cavity and the maxillary sinus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dissection , Endoscopy , Lacrimal Apparatus , Maxillary Sinus , Pathology , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Polyps , General Surgery , Papilloma, Inverted , General Surgery , Turbinates
18.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1199-1205, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415375

ABSTRACT

AIM: Valproic acid (VPA) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor and is believed to have anti-tumor activity. The present study aims to investigate the effect of VPA on the, apoptosis and cytokine synthesis of human peripheral lymphocytes. METHODS: The activation and cytokine synthesis in lymphocytes in whole blood stimulated with phorbol dibutyrate (PDB) and ionomycin were evaluated with flow cytometry after fluorescent staining. The mitochondrial membrane potential was examined using 3, 3-dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide [DiOC6(3)]staining. RESULTS: VPA at low doses (1 and 5 mmol/L) promoted CD69 expression in activated lymphocytes, whereas it turned to inhibit the expression of CD69 at a high dose (25 mmol/L). Meanwhile, VPA at low doses increased the mitochondrial membrane potential, while a high dose of VPA decreased it in activated lymphocytes. Furthermore, interleukin-2 (IL-2) synthesis was enhanced by low doses of VPA but inhibited by a high dose. However, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) synthesis were dose-dependently enhanced by VPA as compared with those of PDB plus ionomycin-treated cells. CONCLUSION: VPA exerts biphasic effect on the further activation and apoptosis of human peripheral lymphocytes stimulated with mitogens and exhibits differential activity on the synthesis of several important cytokines in human lymphocytes.

19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 239-242, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379870

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of Cancer-Testis antigen NY-ESO-1 in human laryngeal squamous carcinoma (LSC) and to explore its significance in immunotherapeutic application. Methods The expressions of NY-ESO-1 protein in the LSC and in the pathologically positive lymph nodes were detected by PV-9000 Immunohistochemistry. Western blotting was also employed to measure the expressions of NY-ESO-1 in the tumor core region(TC), the tissues at the sites of 0.5cm, 1.0cm away from LSC periphery and the distant normal larynx tissues. Results NY-ESO-1 protein expression was positive in 30 out of 69 (43.48 %) cases of LSC. The expression level of NY-ESO-1 protein were found to significantly decrease by tums in TC and corresponding adjacent tissues (P <0.01). None of the nine normal larynx tissues expressed NY-ESO-1 protein.It did not display an obvious correlation between the expression of NY-ESO-1 with T staging, pathological grading and lymph node metastasis (P >0.05). Its positive expression was found in pathologically positive cervical lymph nodes, which were significantly lower than that in the primary site (P <0.05). Conclusion NY-ESO-1 protein express at high level in human laryngeal squamous carcinoma, and they may play a role in genesis and development of tumors, which suggests that NY-ESO-1 gene might be used as target antigens for immunotherapy of LSC and the further research is necessary.

20.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 820-823, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In order to establish a primary diagnosis model of laryngeal carcinoma, we explore the changes of proteomic spectra in serum from patients with laryngeal carcinoma and healthy controls.@*METHOD@#Proteomic spectra of 32 serum samples from laryngeal carcinoma (18 cases of glottis and 14 of supraglottis) patients and 38 from healthy people whose age and sex was matched were generated by IMAC3-Cu protein chip array and SELDI-TOF-MS (surface was enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry). The discriminatory profiling between cancer and normal samples was analyzed by Biomarker Wizard software and Biomarker Pattern software.@*RESULT@#Fifteen differentially expressed proteins in serum were screened by analysis of proteomic spectra of preoperative patients and normal subjects. Eight proteins (3795.04, 5068.18, 5339.78, 5908.28, 6629.74, 9266.32, 13879.6 and 14037.1) were obtained for making up patterns that was able to class the patients team and normal team correctly. Corresponding correct ratio were 87.50% (28/32) and 86. 84% (33/38).@*CONCLUSION@#SEI.DI-TOF-MS Protein Chip technology is a new tool for the early diagnosis of laryngeal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Blood , Metabolism , Pathology , Case-Control Studies , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Blood , Metabolism , Pathology , Protein Array Analysis , Proteomics , Methods , Software , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
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