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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of 3D printing aortic model for preoperative evaluation and surgical simulation, and to assist interventional treatment of coarctation of the aorta(CoA).Methods:From December 2017 to January 2019, 8 patients with congenital coarctation of the aorta who underwent percutaneous balloon dilatation and covered stent placement in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 7 cases were male and 1 case was female. The age was(32.00±14.93) years old. Before operation, CT data of patients' heart and aorta were collected, reconstructed with Mimics software, and 3D printing technology was used to make the model of patients' aortic lesions. Before operation, the operation simulation was carried out to determine the best operation scheme and estimate the possible situation, and the relevant clinical data of patients during hospitalization and follow-up were collected.Results:One stent graft was successfully implanted into CoA through femoral artery in all 8 patients. The mean diameter of CoA increased from(3.70±2.94) mm before operation to(18.01±1.51) mm immediately after operation( P<0.05), and the mean systolic pressure difference decreased from(83.75±25.44) mmHg before operation to(14.63±8.09) mmHg after operation( P<0.05). The mean systolic blood pressure of the right upper extremity decreased from(204.13±22.31) mmHg before operation to(145.63±32.08) mmHg after operation( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups. During the period of hospitalization and follow-up, no corresponding cardiovascular complications were found. Conclusion:The short-term effect of percutaneous balloon dilatation covered stent implantation on CoA in adolescents and adults is obvious. 3D printing model can reproduce the anatomical model of CoA site of patients individually, which is feasible and effective for the preoperative evaluation of CoA and the preparation of operation plan.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886533

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To discuss the operation skill and clinical effects of using domestic balloon-expandable Prizvalve® transcatheter "valve-in-valve" to treat the degenerated bioprosthesis in the tricuspid position. Methods    All the admitted surgical tricuspid valve bioprosthetic valve replacement patients were evaluated by computerized tomography angiography (CTA), ultrasound, and 3D printing technology, and 2 patients with a degenerated bioprosthesis were selected for tricuspid valve "valve-in-valve" operation. Under general anesthesia, the retro-preset Prizvalve® system was implanted into degenerated tricuspid bioprosthesis via the femoral vein approach under the guidance of transesophageal echocardiographic and fluoroscopic guidance. Results    Transcatheter tricuspid valve implantation was successfully performed in both high-risk patients, and tricuspid regurgitation disappeared immediately. The operation time was 1.25 h and 2.43 h, respectively. There was no serious complication in both patients, and they were discharged from the hospital 7 days after the operation. Conclusion    The clinical effect of the degenerated tricuspid bioprosthetic valve implantation with domestic balloon-expandable valve via femoral vein approach "valve-in-valve" is good. Multimodality imaging and 3D printing technology can safely and effectively guide the implementation of this innovative technique.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886496

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) through apical approach for aortic regurgitation of large annulus. Methods    From November 2019 to May 2020, 10 male patients aged 64.50±4.20 years with aortic valve insufficiency (AI) underwent TAVR in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital. The surgical instruments were 29# J-valveTM modified and the patients underwent TAVR under angiography. The preoperative and postoperative cardiac function, valve regurgitation, complications and left ventricular remodeling were summarized by ultrasound and CT before and after TAVR. Results    A total of 10 valves were implanted in 10 patients. Among them, 1 patient was transferred to the aortic arch during the operation and was transferred to surgical aortic valve replacement; the other 9 patients were successfully implanted with J-valve, with 6 patients of cardiac function (NYHA) class Ⅱ, 4 patients of grade Ⅲ. And there was a significant difference between preoperation and postoperation in left ventricular ejection fraction (44.70%±8.78% vs. 39.80%±8.48%, P<0.05) or aortic regurgitation (1.75±0.72 mL vs. 16.51±8.71 mL, P<0.05). After 3 months, the patients' cardiac function was good. Conclusion    TAVR is safe and effective in the treatment of severe valvular disease with AI using J-valve.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of Roy adaptation model combined situational teaching method in pediatric nursing teaching.Methods:A total of 108 nursing students interned in our hospital in 2019 were selected and randomly divided into two groups, among which, 54 nurses who accepted the traditional teaching method were taken as the control group, and 54 ones who adopted Roy adaptation model combined situational teaching method were taken as the research group. The scores of theory and operation skills of the two groups were evaluated before and after teaching, at the same time, the comprehensive ability was assessed and the satisfaction survey was conducted among the students after the teaching. SPSS 20.0 was used for data processing, the scores of theory and operation skills comprehensive ability and nursing students' satisfaction with teaching were described with ( ± s) and t test was performed. Results:After the teaching, the theoretical knowledge and operational skills scores of the two groups were significantly improved than those before the teaching ( P<0.05), and those of all students in the research group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The scores of ability to integrate theory with practice, self-learning ability, communication ability, teamwork ability, independent thinking and problem solving ability, clinical thinking ability in the research group were higher than those in the control group, with statistical differences ( P<0.05). And students in research group had significantly higher overall satisfaction scores on the teaching than those in control group had ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Application of Roy adaptation model combined situational teaching method in pediatric practice teaching can improve the theoretical knowledge and operational level of nursing students, enhance their communication ability and other abilities, and help to improve their satisfaction with teaching.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a girl featuring epilepsy, speech delay and mild mental retardation.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the child and her parents were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to next generation sequencing. Suspected variant was confirmed by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to carry a de novo heterozygous c.3592G>A (p.V1198M) variant of the SMARCA2 gene, which was predicted to be pathogenic by bioinformatic analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome due to heterozygous variant of the SMARCA2 gene.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 414-420, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809979

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyz the current situation of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of methylmalonic acidemia, the phenotypes, biochemical features and genotypes of the patients in the mainland of China, were investigated.@*Methods@#Tottally 1 003 patients of methylmalonic acidemia from 26 provinces and municipalities of the mainland of China were enrolled. The clinical data, biochemical features and gene mutations were studied. Blood aminoacids and acylcarnitines, urine organic acids, and plasma total homocysteine were determined for the biochemical diagnosis. Gene analyses were performed for the genetic study of 661 patients. The patients were treated with individual intervention and long-term follow up. Prenatal diagnoses were carried out for 165 fetuses of the families.@*Results@#Among 1 003 patients (580 boys and 423 girls), 296 cases (29.5%) had isolated methylmalonic acidemia; 707 cases (70.5%) had combined homocysteinemia; 59 patients (5.9%) were detected by newborn screening; 944 patients (94.1%) had the onset at the ages from several minutes after birth to 25 years and diagnosed at 3 days to 25 years of age. The main clinical presentations were psychomotor retardation and metabolic crisis. Multi-organ damage, including hematological abnormalities, pulmonary hypertension, kidney damage, were found. MMACHC, MUT, MMAA, MMAB, HCFC1, SUCLG1, SUCLA2 mutations were found in 631 patients (96.6%) out of 661 patients who accepted gene analysis. MMACHC mutations were detected in 460 patients (94.7%) out of 486 cases of methylmalonic acidemia combined with homocysteinemia. MUT mutations were found in 158 (90.3%) out of 169 cases of isolated methylmalonic acidemia. The development of 59 patients detected by newborn screening were normal; 918 cases (97.2%) were diagnosed after onset accepted the treatment. Forty-five of them completely recovered with normal development. Twenty-six patients (2.7%) died; 873 (92.5%) patients had mild to severe psychomotor retardation. Methylmalonic acidemia were found in 35 out of 165 fetuses by metabolites assay of amniotic fluid and amniocytes gene analysis.@*Conclusion@#Combined methylmalonic acidemia and homocysteinemia is the common type of methylmalonic acidemia in the mainland of China. CblC defect due to MMACHC mutations is the most common type of methylmalonic acidemia combined with homocysteinemia. MUT gene mutations are frequent in the patients with isolated methylmalonic acidemia. Newborn screening is key for the early diagnosis and the better outcome. Combined diagnosis of biochemical assays and gene analysis are reliable for the prenatal diagnosis of methylmalonic acidemia.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 334-337, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708744

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate Chinese nurses' perception of the nursing work environment and to compare the differences among the eight economic regions in mainland China.Thus,policy-makers and nursing managers can optimize and coordinate resources based on the results of this study.Methods Chinese version of Nursing Working Environment Scale was used in the study.A total of 19,000 nurses from 31 provinces and municipalities in mainland China were investigated.Descriptive analysis,cluster analysis and nuclear density estimation were conducted.Results The average score of the nursing work environment was 4.1 points,which means nurses were somewhat satisfied with their work conditions.Specifically,nurses were most dissatisfied with the basic safeguard dimension (3.4 points),followed by sufficient manpower (3.9 points),career development (4.0) and leadership and management(4.0)dimensions.In addition,the eight economic regions could be divided into three categories(P<0.01)according to the differences of the nursing work environment.The first category included the northeast,northern coastal and middle reaches of the Yellow River economic zone;the second category included eastern coastal economic zone;and the third category included the southern coast,the middle reaches of the Yangtze River,southwest and northwest economic zone.Conclusion The development of the nursing work environment in the vast majority of mainland China is unbalanced and the regional differences are obvious.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 38-42, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712761

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of single utility port and multiple utility ports thoracoscopic lobectomy in the treatment of peripheral lung cancer, and to study the operation skills, relative merit and feasibility of the single utility port thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods The clinical data was analyzed retrospectively for 223 cases with stage Ⅰ orⅡ of peripheral lung cancer who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy from July 2011 to November 2014 in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital. Among 223 cases, 78 cases received single utility port thoracoscopic lobectomy (single utility port group), 145 cases received 2 or 3 utility ports thoracoscopic lobectomy (multiple utility ports group). The clinical outcomes involved time of operation, intraoperative blood loss,chest drainage, postoperative hospital stay, stations of lymph node dissection, numbers of lymph node dissection, rate of turn to open, postoperative complications, 2-year survival rate and disease free survival rate. Results No perioperative death occurred in both groups. There was no statistical difference between single utility port group and multiple utility ports group in operation time [(157.4 ±13.6) min vs. (151.3 ±23.2) min], intraoperative blood loss [(180.77 ±59.97) ml vs.(171.31 ±77.51) ml],chest drainage [(370.26 ±146.09) ml vs. (351.17 ±159.07) ml], lymph node dissection stations (4.29±0.65 vs. 4.21±0.73), lymph node dissection number (11.50±2.30 vs. 11.04±2.29), rate of turn to open [(5.13 % (4/78) vs. 4.83 % (7/145)], incidence of postoperative complications [17.95 % (14/78) vs. 15.86%(23/145)], postoperative hospital stay [(8.74±0.51) d vs. (9.48±0.63) d], 2-year survival rate [96.15 %(75/78) vs. 93.79%(136/145)] and 2-year disease free survival rate [80.77 % (63/78) vs. 82.07 % (119/145)] (all P>0.05). Conclusions The single utility port thoracoscopic lobectomy could achieve the same clinical results as the multiple utility ports. The single utility port thoracoscopic lobectomy is a safe, effective and feasible surgical procedure.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694640

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and molecular genetic characteristics of hypermethioninemia caused by methionine adenosyltransferase deficiency. Methods The clinical data and related gene analysis of hypermethioninemia caused by methionine adenosyltransferase deficiency in 3 children were retrospectively analyzed. The core pedigree analysis was carried out. Results Three children (2 boys and 1 girl) aged from 5 months to 3 years, were from 3 unrelated families. All of them had no family history. One case was found in neonatal screening. One case was onset with pathological jaundice at 1 month old. Another case was found due to tremor and growth retardation at 2 years old. Blood amino acid ester acyl carnitine spectrum analysis showed that all of them had significantly elevated levels of methionine at 134.50-790.67 μmol/L. All children had MAT1A mutation in methionine adenosyltransferase gene. One case was heterozygous mutations with third exon c.274T>C and seventh exon c.895C>T mutation; one case had sixth exon c.757G>A homozygous mutation; and another case had seventh exon c.791G>A homozygous mutation. The core pedigree analysis showed that the mutations were from theirs parents respectively. Conclusions For children with neurologic impairment, methionine metabolic disorders should be considered. Blood amino acids and gene analysis are important methods for confirmation of the diagnosis. Neonatal screening is an effective way to detect this disease.

10.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 894-897, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664966

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical features and genetic etiology of children with cystinuria with onset of kidney stone. Methods The clinical data of 3 children with cystinuria with onset of kidney stone and the gene analysis results of SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 by PCR sequencing were retrospectively analyzed.Results Three male children were from three unrelated families, kidney stone were presented in 2 cases at 1 year old and 1 case at 14 years old. The blood amino acid spectrum was normal in all 3 cases, while the free carnitine were decreased. The urinary amino acid spectrum indicated that cystine, ornithine, arginine,and threonine increased.Gene analysis confirmed that 1 case had homozygous mutations of SLC7A9 gene c.325G>A, and his parents were carriers of c.325G>A heterozygous mutation;other 2 cases had heterozygous mutations of SLC3A1 gene, c.1365delG and c.1113C>A heterozygous mutation in one case, and c.1897_1898insTA and c.1093C>T heterozygous mutation in one case, and their parents were heterozygous mutation carriers. After treatment with potassium citrate and L-carnitine, the conditions were improved in all cases. Conclusions Inherited metabolic disease should be considered for children with kidney stone. Urine amino acid analysis and gene detection are important methods for the diagnosis of cystinuria.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506941

ABSTRACT

[Summary] SIRT3 is a member of the silent information regulator 2 ( Sir2) family, located in the inner mitochondrial membrane, with a strong effect of deacetylation. SIRT3 not only modulates energy metabolism, cell apoptosis, tumor growth, anti-aging etc. , but also plays an important role in the field of cardiovascular diseases. In this review, we summarize recent findings related to SIRT3 with metabolic syndrome and cardiac hypertrophy, to provide a theoretical basis for the further study on the potential role of SIRT3 in cardiovascular diseases.

12.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 553-556, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513832

ABSTRACT

Sirt3 is a kind of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent deacetylases.Sirt3 is localized in mitochondria and has been involved in a wide range of mitochondrial biological functions, such as nutrient oxidation、ATP generation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) detoxification and mitochondrial homeostasis.Sirt3 plays an important role in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases.Increased expression of Sirt3 gene has been associated with extended lifespan of humans.

13.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 39-42,43, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606114

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the incidence and clinical feature of sleep-related breathing disorder in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Methods Thirty-four IPF patients who were measured by polysomnography (PSG) were collected in the Department of Respiration of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital. According to the results of apnea hypoventilation index (AHI), patients were divided into pure IPF group (AHI<5 events/h, n=7) and IPF combined with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (IPF+OSAHS) group (AHI≥5 events/h, n=27). The PSG reports of two groups were analyzed, and the correlation between AHI and pulmonary function and oxygen saturation in sleep and at wake were analyzed. Results (1)Thirty-four IPF patients were all demonstrated sleep disorders, low sleep efficiency, increased proportion of stageⅠand stageⅡand decreased proportion of stageⅢand rapid eye movement (REM). The arousal index and the proportion of stageⅠand stageⅡwere higher in IPF+OSAHS group than those of pure IPF group (P<0.01), while the proportion of stageⅢwas lower in IPF+OSAHS group than that of pure IPF group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in stage REM between two groups. (2)Twenty-seven patients (79%) combined with OSAHS, among which five subjects (15%) were mild OSAHS with 5 events/h≤AHI<15 events/h, and 22 subjects (65%) were moderate-severe with AHI≥15 events/h. The main type of sleep-disorder breathing was hypoventilation, which mainly happened in stage REM. (3) Thirty-four IPF patients showed sleep hypoxemia, and the oxygen desaturation index (ODI) was higher in IPF-OSAHS group than those of pure IPF group (P<0.05). (4)The AHI was positively correlated with body mass index (r=0.791, P<0.05), and was negatively correlated with forced vital capacity (FVC%pred) (r=-0.574, P<0.05) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1%pred) in IPF patients (r=-0.664, P<0.05). The lowest oxygen saturation (LSO2) and mean oxygen saturation (MSO2) in sleep were positively related with oxygen saturation at wake (r=0.421 and r=0.464, P<0.05 respectively). Conclusion The IPF patients show severe sleep disorder and hypoxemia, which can be worsen by OSAHS and produce negative effect on daily life. We should initiate active treatment in patients with sleep-related breathing disorders.

14.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 306-309,317, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621510

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for detection of Campylobacter jejuni.Methods Six sets of primers were designed to recognize Campylobacter jejuni specific gene hipO.One was selected as the optimal primer and its specificity and sensitivity to Campylobacter jejuni were evaluated by LAMP reaction in 60 minutes at 62℃.Results The results recorded by the turbidity meter showed that the sensitivity of LAMP with a detection limit of 6.97×102 copies/μl was ten times that of PCR.Conclusion LAMP is a potential and valuable method of detection of Campylobacter jejuni due to its rapidity,simplicity,low cost and accuracy.It is especially suitable for grass-roots medical units.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617308

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the polysomnology results along with mandibular titrated advancement using oral appliance to treat obstructive sleep apnea and hyponea syndrome(OSAHS).Methods: Several electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang) were systematically searched up to September 2015.There was no restriction of language or source of information.All randomized clinical trials (RCT) and before-after trials (BAT) comparing at least two different mandibular advancements were included.Two independent reviewers selected the studies, extracted data and evaluated risk of bias by quality assessment.Data were pooled using a fixed-effects model, and the summary effect measure was calculated by risk ratio (RR) and 95%CI.Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software.Results: Two RCTs and five BATs were included in the review.Among the five BATs, two of them were randomized, while the other three were not.Outcomes including apnea hypopnea index (AHI), oxygen desaturation index (ODI), success rate (reduction of AHI or ODI >50%), normalization rate (AHI or ODI<10/h) were assessed in this review.Based on the trial design and quality assessment, four studies were included for meta-analysis.No significant difference in the success rate was found between the group with 50% of the maximal mandibular advancement (MMA) and the group with 75% of MMA [I2=0%, RR=0.93, with 95%CI (0.80, 1.09)].No significant dif-ference in the normalization rate was found between the 50% of MMA and 75% of MMA groups [I2=45%, RR=0.85, with 95%CI (0.68, 1.06)].Subgroup analysis displayed that the severity of OSAHS before treatment was a potential factor affecting the normalization rate.Conclusion: Based on current available evidence, the success rate and normalization rate for treating OSAHS in the patients with 75% MMA were not found to be significantly higher than those with 50% MMA.Due to small simple size in this meta-analysis, the results of the present study should be interpreted with caution.Further prospective studies are needed to strengthen the evidence.

16.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 783-786, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502848

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnosis of cystinosis.Methods The clinical and biochemical information, and gene detection results in a child with cystinosis was retrospective analyzed.Results Four-year-old female presented with photophobia and corneal crystal was found by ophthalmic examination at 2 years old, bilateral kidney stone was found, accompanied by development delay and rickets at 3 years old. Gas chromatography analysis in urine showed that a variety of amino acids were increased, and urine sugar and urinary micro-protein were also increased, which were in accordance with fanconi syndrome. The blood free carnitine was decreased, ester acyl carnitine spectrum was normal, and multi-amino acids such as lysine, valine and arginine were decreased. Gene analysis showed a homozygous mutation of c.696C>G (p.323 N>K) inCTNS gene, which was a known mutation. Both her parents were carrier of heterozygous mutation of c.696C>G inCTNS gene.Conclusion Child with kidney stone, renal damage, combined by multi-system damage such as eyes, bone, and thyroid should be paid attention to identify the cystinosis.

17.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 814-818, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501549

ABSTRACT

Objective To find simple and effective methods of preservation for Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteriophages.Methods The plaque forming unit( PFU) of surviving phages under different preservation conditions and temperatures at different time points was determined.Results and Conclusion The titers of phiAxp-1 and phiAxp-2 main-tained at the initial 1010 PFU/ml, and that of phiAxp-3 decreased slightly from 1011 PFU/ml to 1010 PFU/ml 16 months after the three Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteriophages were stored in glycerol and dimethyl sulfoxide at -80℃, -20℃and 4℃.When stored in chloroform at 4℃for 16 months, the titers of all the three phages decreased slightly but were higher than at other temperatures (-80℃, -20℃, room temperature, and 37℃) .Thus these methods can effectively preserve Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteriophages.

18.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 505-509,518, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603335

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the valproate concentration in plasma of epilepsy patients by HPLC, and compare with the re-sults of chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay ( CMIA) to evaluate the consistency of the two methods. Methods:HPLC and CMIA was respectively applied to determine the plasma concentration of valproate in 230 epileptic patients. The correlation of the two methods was studied by Passing-Bablok regression and Bland-Altman method. Results:The regression equation of the determination re-sults of HPLC (Y) and CMIA (X) was Y=1. 069 7X+2. 338 2 (R2 =0. 969, n=230), which showed promising correlation. Bland-Altman analysis showed that the consistency of the two methods was poor, and the values of HPLC were higher. Conclusion: HPLC and CMIA used for the determination of valproate plasma concentration show good correlation. However, the consistency is poor and there is system error. In the clinical treatment, adjustment and choice should be paid more attention.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487201

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of traditional Chinese medical constitution types with menstrual cycle of sub-health state women, thus to explore the affectability of diseases during menstrual cycle. Methods Sub-health State Questionnaire and Menstruation State Questionnaire established in our previous study were used for the epidemiological survey of 330 women outpatients aged 20-45 years admitted by the disease-preventive department of Tianhe District Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Results In 330 cases, the cases of sub-health state accounted for 64.5%, in which 21.5%had pure sub-health state without any chronic diseases, and 43.0% had sub-health state together with some diseases. The diseases of hyperplasia of mammary glands, vaginitis, cervical spondylosis, hyperlipemia, chronic appendagitis, and uterus myoma had higher morbidity rate in order. At premenstrual phase, constitution types of Qi stagnation, damp heat, and blood stasis had the higher incidences; at menstruation phase, Qi stagnation, blood stasis, and damp heat had the higher incidences; at postmenstrual phase, yang deficiency, Qi deficiency, and damp heat had the higher incidences. Most of the sub-health state women had the complex constitution types, accounting for 93%. Conclusion Traditional Chinese medical constitution types are correlated with menstral cycle of sub-health state women, and show some effects on the affectability and progress of diseases. The investigation results of dynamic changes and the distribution of traditional Chinese medical constitution types during menstrual cycle will supply some evidence for the prevention and treatment of irregular menstruation and sub-health state of the women with Chinese medine.

20.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 802-806, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479615

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the changes and clinical significance of serum heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) and soluble ST2 protein (sST2) in children with chronic heart failure (CHF).MethodsThirty-nine children with CHF and 30 healthy children were recruited. Serum levels of H-FABP and sST2 were determined by ELISA, The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and fractional shortening of the left ventricle (LVFS) were measured by two-dimensional echocardiog-raphy.ResultsIn 39 children with CHF, 15 males and 24 females, aged 2 months to 14 years, included 27 cases of endocardial ifbroelastosis (EFE) and 12 cases of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). According to the cardiac functional grading standard, the children with CHF were divided into 10 cases with cardiac function II, 15 cases with cardiac function III, and 14 cases with cardiac function IV. The mean levels of H-FABP, sST2 and NT-Pro-BNP in children with CHF at stage of heart failure and heart failure remission were statistically higher than those in the healthy children (allP0.05). The Spearman correlation analysis showed that, in children with CHF at stage of heart failure, the serum H-FABP level was positively correlated with NT-Pro-BNP, sST2 and cardiac function (r=0.402、0.621、0.644,P<0.05). Serum sST2 level was positively correlated with NT-Pro-BNP and cardiac function (r = 0.501、0.678,P<0.05), and was negatively correlated with LVEF and LVFS (r=?0.340、?0.329, P<0.05).ConclusionsH-FABP and sST2 are involved in the development of heart failure. H-FABP and sST2 can be used as reference indices for clinical diagnosis and assessment of CHF.

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