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1.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 824-827, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009436

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of blood group serology and polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) on identification and genotyping of ambiguous ABO blood group. Methods Eighty suspicious ABO blood group samples were identified by serology and polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP). The final blood group type and the strategy of the transfusion of each case were determined according to the results of serology and PCR-SSP. Results 40 cases were confirmed to be subtypes, and the remaining 40 cases were normal types with weakened antigens or missing antibodies due to other reasons. The results of molecular genetic blood group typing based on PCR-SSP were 41 cases of subtypes (There were 3 discrepancies between two methods: one was Ael identified by serological methods, while its gene type was O2O2; one was common type O, while its gene type was BO1; one was type A, while its gene type was AB.) and 39 cases of normal ones. Conclusion Genotyping technology combined with serological typing has an important significance in identification of ABO blood groups.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Genotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Antibodies , DNA Primers
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 168-174, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) characteristics of heart involvement in patients with Fabry disease (AFD).Methods:From January 2018 to March 2021, eight AFD patients [3 males and 5 females, mean age (50±11) years old, range 26-60 years old] confirmed by genetic testing or pathology in Fuwai Hospital were retrospectively included in this study. At the same time, sixteen patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) [6 males and 10 females, mean age (46±15) years old] and 16 healthy individuals [6 males and 10 females, mean age (51±11) years old] were included as controls. The clinical baseline data and CMR data of the patients were collected and analyzed. The CMR data were analyzed using the software CVI42, with the corresponding parameters automatically generated. One-way ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the differences in the parameters among the three groups. Independent-samples t test, Fisher precise test or Mann-Whitney U test were used for the comparison between each two groups. Results:Statistically significant difference was found in renal insufficiency between the HCM group and the AFD group; No other significant difference was found in other clinical factors and ECG results (all P>0.05). CMR results showed that in the AFD group, there were 5 cases with symmetric or roughly symmetric hypertrophy, and 3 with asymmetric hypertrophy. The late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) showed myocardial enhancement in 5 patients, mainly presenting as multiple intermural enhancement, and partially as local subendocardial enhancement. In the HCM group, fourteen cases suffered mainly asymmetric ventricular septal thickening, with or without thickening of other parts of left ventricular wall; and 2 cases had thickening of middle and distal part of the left ventricle. The LGE showed myocardial enhancement in 14 patients, which manifested as focal or patchy enhancement in hypertrophic myocardium, including focal enhancement in the right ventricular insertion of ventricular septum (more common) and subendocardial enhancement in the middle and far segments of left ventricle. Statistically significant difference was found in the differences between the left atrial anterior posterior diameter, the maximum wall thickness of left ventricular, the left ventricular myocardial mass index (LVMI) and the native T 1 value among the three groups (all P<0.001). However, there was no statistically significant difference in the left atrial anterior posterior diameter and the maximum wall thickness of left ventricular between AFD group and HCM group ( P>0.05). The LVMI in AFD group was higher than that in healthy group and HCM group (all P<0.05). Significant difference was found in the native T 1 value among the three groups, with the native T 1 value of the AFD group [(1 177.4±46.0) ms] was significantly lower than that of the healthy group [(1 244.5±34.3) ms] and the HCM group [(1 278.8±41.6) ms], with ( F=13.10, P<0.001). Conclusions:The clinical characteristics of AFD and HCM are quite similar. When AFD is suspected, CMR imaging should be the first choice for imaging examination. Especially, T 1 mapping imaging can provide important information for the diagnosis of AFD.

3.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 187-191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and compare the clinical characteristics, pathogen distributions and outcomes of bacterial meningitis in preterm and term infants.Methods:The data of 252 cases of neonatal bacterial meningitis hospitalized in Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from January 2013 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed and divided into two groups according to gestational age: preterm group( n=64)and term group( n=188). The clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, pathogen distributions and clinical outcomes of the children in two groups were compared. Results:Fever was the most common clinical manifestation in both groups, but the incidences of lethargy, apnea and feeding intolerance in preterm group were significantly higher than those in term group( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the rate of the first hemogram/cerebrospinal fluid abnormality between two groups( P>0.05). Sepsis, subdural effusion and hydrocephalus were the main complications in both groups.The incidence of complications in premature infants was 60.9%(39/64), which was significantly higher than that in full-term infants(44.7%, 84 /188) , with a statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). Escherichia coli and Streptococcus agalactiae were the most common pathogens in the preterm infants, whereas Klebsiella pneumoniae and Streptococcus agalactiae were the most common pathogens in the term infants.There was no statistical difference in the time of positive bacteria turning negative between two groups, but the course of antibiotics in preterm group was significantly longer than that in term group( P<0.05). The clinical cure/improvement rates in the two groups was about 95%, and the difference between two groups was not statistically significant( P>0.05). Conclusion:Early clinical manifestations of bacterial meningitis in preterm infants are atypical and relatively easy to be missed.The incidence of complications is significantly higher than that of full-term infants, and the duration of antibiotic use is longer.However, the clinical cure/improvement rate of premature infants is not worse than that of full-term infants after reasonable and standardized early treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 543-549, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a IgA nephropathy (IgAN) standard dataset for the structured and standardization of IgAN clinical information, which will be beneficial to the integration and utilization of clinical information among different medical institutions. Therefore, the IgAN Expert Collaboration Group composed the "IgA Nephropathy Standard Dataset".Methods:Referring to the domestic information standards, guidelines, data standard and consensus of related fields, based on electronic medical history, the patient identification number was used as the primary key of the system to collect information. By standardizing each data element in the data set, the standardization of the management system in data and information exchange, data collaboration and sharing was ensured, and a quality control system was developed.Results:This standard dataset included 607 data elements and 8 business domains, which were patient information, medical history information, physical examination, laboratory examination, assistant examination, renal pathology, drug treatment, and follow-up, respectively. Each module was composed of module name, data element name, English name, definition, range, reference standard, etc. At the same time, a corresponding quality control system was formulated to evaluate data quality from multiple dimensions such as completeness, standardization, accuracy, timeliness, and security for ensuring the high quality and security of the data.Conclusion:The IgAN standard dataset is established, which will contribute to the structuration and standardization of clinical information of IgAN patients.

5.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 946-950, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908397

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the neurodevelopmental status of very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks at the corrected age of 1 year.Methods:Preterm infants admitted to the Neonatology Department after birth at Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from January 2015 to December 2018 and followed up regularly to the high-risk infants clinic for at least 1 year after discharge were selected as the research subjects.According to the birth weight(BW), preterm infants were divided into very/extremely low birth weight group(BW<1 500 g), low birth weight group(1 500 g<BW<2 500 g)and normal birth weight group(2 500 g≤BW<4 000 g). The neurodevelopment of preterm infants with different BW at the corrected age of 1 year were compared and the influence of perinatal risk factors on neurodevelopment of very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants were analyzed.Results:A total of 270 preterm infants were included in the study, including 95 in the very/extremely low birth weight group, 124 in the low birth weight group, and 51 in the normal birth weight group.At the corrected age of 1 year, adaptability, gross motor, fine motor, language, individual sociability and development quotient(DQ) in the very/extremely low birth weight group were lower than those in the other two groups( P<0.05). The incidence of neurodevelopmental abnormality(DQ<85)in very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants was 42.1%(40/95) at the corrected age of 1 year.The incidence of intracranial hemorrhage in neurodevelopmental abnormality group(85.0%, 34/40) was higher than that in the control group(29.1%, 16/55)( P<0.05). Conclusion:Very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants are at high risk of neurodevelopmental abnormality at the age of 1 year, and intracranial hemorrhage may be a related potential risk factor.Perinatal follow-up care and early intervention should be emphasized to strengthen neurodevelopmental monitoring.

6.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 295-299, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884208

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the report accuracy and risk factors of congenital syphilis (CS), and to provide references of accurate diagnosis for clinicians.Methods:CS notification data, including suspected cases and confirmed cases, were obtained from national notifiable disease reporting system (NNDRS) reported from 2016 to 2019 in Guangzhou City. Information of syphilis infected pregnant women and their children who were diagnosed or excluded with CS during 2012-2019 were extracted from Guangzhou City'the integrated prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, syphilis and hepatitis B virus surveillance system’. Their demographic characteristics, serological test results of syphilis, reporting doctors and treatment regimens were analyzed.Chi-square test was used for univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the influencing factors associated with CS.Results:A total of 95 CS cases were reported in NNDRS, and the reporting accuracy rate was 36.8%(35 cases). The proportion of children younger than 30 days who were reported incorrectly (73.3%(44/60)) was higher than the proportion of those were reported correctly (51.4%(18/35)), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.679, P=0.031). However, the reporting accuracy was not associated with hospital grade, doctor profession and doctor title of reporting ( χ2=0.283, 0.483 and 3.681, respectively, all P>0.05). Maternal age≤24 years (adjusted odds ratio ( aOR)=4.62), titers of non- Treponema pallidum antigen serologic test before treatment≥1∶8 ( aOR=7.56), initiation of antisyphilitic treatment during delivery ( aOR=25.43), no antisyphilitic treatment during pregnancy ( aOR=14.12), and premature delivery ( aOR=8.97) increased the risks of CS (all P<0.01). Conclusions:The reporting accuracy rate of CS is low. Young mothers, high serological titers of non- Treponema pallidum antigen before treatment, initiation of antisyphilitic treatment during delivery or no antisyphilitic treatment during pregnancy, and premature delivery are risk factors for CS. Doctors may focus on collecting this information to assist clinical diagnosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 91-97, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify 49 Aeromonas caviae strains isolated form foodborne and environmental samples and analyze their virulence and antibiotic resistance. Methods:All strains were identified by VITEK and API 20NE. Two housekeeping genes, gryB and rpoD, were amplified by PCR for phylogenetic analysis. Virulence genes including act, alt, ast, lip, ahp, aerA, hlyA, ompA1 and fla were detected by PCR. In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of these strains was tested with AST-GN16 kit. Results:Fifty-four Aeromonas caviae/ Aeromonas hydrophila strains were identified by biochemical tests. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that there were 49 Aeromonas caviae strains, four Aeromonas hydrophila strains and one Aeromonas taiwanensis strain. The positive rates of alt, lip, ompA1, fla, act, aerA and hlyA genes were 100.00%, 100.00%, 79.59%, 14.29%, 2.04%, 2.04% and 2.04%, respectively. None of the isolates carried ast or ahp gene. A total of four virulence gene combination patterns were detected, and the predominant pattern was alt/ lip/ ompA1 (32/49). Antibiotic resistance rates of the Aeromonas caviae strains to ampicillin, cefazolin, cefoxitin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ceftriaxone, trimethoprim/sulfamet hoxoazole and aztreonam were 79.59%, 14.29%, 10.20%, 6.12%, 4.08%, 4.08% and 2.04%, respectively. All strains were susceptible to piparacillin/tazobactam, imipenem, amikacin, gentamicin, levofloxacin, tigacycline and nitrofurantoin. Two multidrug-resistant strains were detected. Conclusions:Aeromonas caviae/ Aeromonas hydrophila can be effectively identified by the housekeeping genes gyrB and rpoD, and the closely related Aeromonas caviae and Aeromonas taiwanensis strains can be identified by rpoD. All Aeromonas caviae strains carried two or more virulence genes and one strain isolated from environment was positive for seven virulence genes. Aeromonas caviae strains were generally resistant to penicillin, which was mainly relate to the production of β-lactamase. No strain was resistant to carbapenems, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines or furans. Multidrug-resistant strains were observed in food and drinking water.

8.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 1025-1030, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of human resources allocation and occupational situation of community child health care medical staff (CCHCMS) in Guangzhou.Methods:A questionnaire survey of job burnout and turnover intention was conducted from January 2 to January 10, 2020 among CCHCMS in 11 districts of Guangzhou. Lorentz curve and Gini coefficient were used to analyze the equity of human resources allocation. Influencing factors of turnover intention of CCHCMS were explored using structural equation model.Results:There were 5.63 CCHCMS per 10 000 children aged 0 to 6 years old, and 0.08 CCHCMS per square kilometer in Guangzhou. According to the distributions of service population and area, the Gini coefficients of CCHCMS were 0.13 and 0.47, respectively. A total of 574 CCHCMS completed the questionnaire survey, and 197 (34.3%) showed higher turnover intention. The constructed structural equation model fit well (RMSEA=0.04, CFI=0.97). The standardized coefficients of the average monthly income before tax, job satisfaction and career burnout on turnover intention were -0.30, -0.46 and 0.22, respectively. Job satisfaction indirectly affected turnover intention through the mediating role of career burnout (standardized cofficient=0.10) . Income and mode of employment were negatively correlated with job burnout, and standardized cofficient were -0.10,-0.16,respectively. The standardized coefficients of education and work area on job satisfaction were -0.16 and 0.20, respectively.Conclusion:The number of CCHCMS in far suburbs of Guangzhou is insufficient. CCHCMS have a high turnover intention. Income, mode of employment, education and work area are the factors that influence the turnover intention of CCHCMS.

9.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 671-673, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of physical growth and neurodevelopmen between small for gestational age (SGA) preterm infants and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) preterm infants, and to promote follow-up management and early intervention in SGA preterm infants after discharge.Methods:Preterm infants, who were born at Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center and received regular follow-up management after discharge in high-risk infants outpatient, were enrolled in this study from January 2015 to December 2018.According to gestational age and birth weight, the participants were divided into SGA group and AGA group.Height, weight, head circumference and Gesell outcomes of infants were observed at 6 months and 12 months of corrected age.Results:A total of 144 preterm infants were included in the study, including 63 cases in SGA group and 81 cases in AGA group. Height, weight and head circumference of the SGA group at 6 months and 12 months of corrected age were all lower than the AGA group ( P<0.05). In addition, adaptability, great movement, language, personal social interaction and development quotient in the SGA group were all lower than those in the AGA group at 6 months of corrected age ( P<0.05), while fine movement was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). At 12 months of corrected age, there were no statistically significant differences in adaptability, macro motor, fine motor, language, social interaction and development quotient between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The physical growth of SGA preterm infants falls for behind that of AGA preterm infants.It is still unable for SGA preterm infants to achieve catch-up growth at 12 months of corrected age, their catch-up period may take longer, but the neurodevelopment can reach the same level of preterm AGA.The clinician should pay more attention to the follow-up management and early intervention after discharge.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 473-477, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805146

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the genotype distribution and molecular epidemiological characteristics of the group A rotavirus (RVA) in domestic sewage, and further explore the importance of environmental surveillance in investigating RVA regional circulation.@*Methods@#Sewage samples were collected monthly in the city of Yantai from January 2014 to December 2016. After concentration, total RNA was extracted, and RVA VP7 and VP4 coding regions were amplified via RT-PCR. PCR products were purified, cloned and Sanger sequenced. Genotyping and phylogenetic analysis was conducted based on the sequences.@*Results@#Thirty-six sewage samples were collected and 86.1% was positive with VP7 and VP4 sequences. A total of 205 VP7 and 239 VP4 nucleotide sequences were obtained, belonging to 4 G genotypes and 6 P genotypes. Among these, G9 (95.6%, 196/205), P[8] (58.6%, 140/239) and P[4] (28.0%, 67/239) were the most common genotypes. Phylogenetic analysis for G9, P[8] and P[4] sequences revealed co-circulation of multiple transmission chains in local population.@*Conclusions@#This study describes the genotype distribution and sequence characteristics of local RVA in Shandong province, and the result demonstrate that surveillance on environmental sewage is an effective way in investigating RVA molecular epidemiology.

11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1296-1298, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800541

ABSTRACT

The data were drawn from injury hospitalization surveillance system in Shandong province. From 2012 to 2018, 164 cases of acute occupational poisoning were reported from five surveillance counties (cities, districts), accounting for 6.11% (164/2 683) of total accidental poisoning cases. The annual average reported incidence of acute occupational poisoning hospitalization was 1.15/100 000. The number of male cases was 3.3 times that of females (126 vs 38). The poisoning cases mainly occurred between January to May in a year and 5-7 AM within a day. Those cases were mainly caused by irritating gases (92 cases, 56.10%) and asphyxiating gases (53 cases, 32.32%), of which chlorine (71 cases) and carbon monoxide (50 cases) were the main reasons. The average hospitalization medical cost of acute occupational poisoning cases was 7 278.81 RMB per case.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 534-538, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810715

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) features of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ApHCM) patients complicating with left ventricular apical aneurysm (LVAA).@*Methods@#CMR confirmed 25 ApHCM patients complicating with LVAA from January 2010 to December 2017 in Fuwai hospital were included in this study, and the baseline clinical data and CMR characteristics were retrospectively analyzed. There were 14 pure ApHCM (hypertrophy limited at the apical segments) complicating with LVAA patients and 11 mixed ApHCM (predominantly apical hypertrophy along with thickening of contiguous non-apical left ventricular region) with LVAA patients.@*Results@#In this patient cohort,age of 84% (21/25) patients ranged between 20-70 years old, and 68% (17/25) were male. There were 68% (17/25) patients with complaint of chest distress symptom, 56% (14/25) with complaint of chest pain, 32% (8/25) with complaint of palpitation,16% (4/25) with complaint of dyspnea, and 12% (3/25) presented as syncope. ST-T segment changes of electrocardiogram were observed in all patients, and giant negative T waves were detected in 80% patients (20/25). The rate of missed diagnosis by echocardiography for detecting ApHCM and LVAA was 16% (4/25) and 68% (17/25), respectively. CMR showed discrete thin-walled dyskinetic or akinetic segment of the most distal portion of the left ventricular chamber in ApHCM patients with LVAA. Transmural late gadolinium enhancement of the aneurysmal rim was detected in 76% (19/25) patients, and the maximum transverse dimension of aneurysm was bigger in patients with transmural late gadolinium enhancement than in patients without transmural late gadolinium enhancement ((22.0±10.8)mm vs. (11.7±4.0) mm, P=0.033).@*Conclusion@#ApHCM with LVAA patients have distinct cardiac clinical features, and CMR is the most useful tool for the accurate and objective evaluation of this disease.

13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 204-208, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810502

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the imaging characteristics and long-term prognosis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy(HCM) patients with or without left ventricular apical aneurysm(LVAA).@*Methods@#Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data from 18 patients diagnosed as HCM complicating with LVAA(HCM-LVAA group), hospitalized and underwent cardiac magentic resonance (CMR) examination in Fuwai Hospital between December 2012 and December 2016. Eighteen age and gender matched patients with HCM diagnosed by CMR served as control(HCM group). Outpatient and in-hospital clinical data as well as follow up results were compared. The major adverse cardiovascular events were defined as malignant arrhythmia events (including sudden cardiac death, ventricular flutter/ventricular fibrillation) and heart failure events (including heart transplantation, progressive heart failure).@*Results@#Compared with HCM group, patients in HCM-LVAA group had a more positive family history of HCM(P=0.04), higher incidence of ST-T segment changes and abnormal Q wave in electrocardiograms (both P<0.01), the CMR derived left ventricular end-diastolic transverse diameter and end-diastolic volume index were also significantly higher (both P<0.05), and delayed enhancement was more significant ((25.26±10.60)% vs. (15.78±7.33)%, t=3.12, P=0.004) in HCM-LVAA group. Moreover, the left ventricular ejection fraction ((54.4±10.6)% vs. (67.5±7.6)%, t=-4.28, P<0.000 1) and the thickness of the apical wall ((3.11±1.05) mm vs. (5.46±1.94) mm, t=-4.49, P<0.000 1) were significantly lower in HCM-LVAA group than in HCM group. The mean follow-up duration was (3.46±1.64) years, 4 patients in HCM-LVAA group (22.2%) developed 4 cardiovascular events, including 1 sudden cardiac death, 3 progressive heart failures. One patient in HCM group developed progressive heart failure.@*Conclusion@#The prognosis of the HCM complicating with LVAA patients is worse than that of HCM patients without LVAA, and the amount of late gadolinium enhancement is higher than that of HCM patients without LVAA.

14.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 114-125, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Segmented cardiac cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for cardiac ventricular volumetric assessment. In patients with difficulty in breath-holding or arrhythmia, this technique may generate images with inadequate quality for diagnosis. Real-time cardiac cine MRI has been developed to address this limitation. We aimed to assess the performance of retrospective electrocardiography-gated real-time cine MRI at 3T for left ventricular (LV) volume and mass measurement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients were consecutively enrolled. A series of short-axis cine images covering the entire left ventricle using both segmented and real-time balanced steady-state free precession cardiac cine MRI were obtained. End-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), stroke volume (SV), ejection fraction (EF), and LV mass were measured. The agreement and correlation of the parameters were assessed. Additionally, image quality was evaluated using European CMR Registry (Euro-CMR) score and structure visibility rating. RESULTS: In patients without difficulty in breath-holding or arrhythmia, no significant difference was found in Euro-CMR score between the two techniques (0.3 ± 0.7 vs. 0.3 ± 0.5, p > 0.05). Good agreements and correlations were found between the techniques for measuring EDV, ESV, EF, SV, and LV mass. In patients with difficulty in breath-holding or arrhythmia, segmented cine MRI had a significant higher Euro-CMR score (2.3 ± 1.2 vs. 0.4 ± 0.5, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Real-time cine MRI at 3T allowed the assessment of LV volume with high accuracy and showed a significantly better image quality compared to that of segmented cine MRI in patients with difficulty in breath-holding and arrhythmia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Diagnosis , Heart Ventricles , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume
15.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 185-191, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746068

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the antimicrobial resistance, distribution of resistance genes and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec ( SCCmec) in 99 strains of mecA gene-positive Staphylococcus epi-dermidis strains isolated from early pregnancy cervical swabs and external environment in Beijing Chaoyang District from 2015 to 2016. Methods Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method was performed to detect the sus-ceptibility of the 99 Staphylococcus epidermidis strains to cefoxitin. Microbroth dilution method was used to test their susceptibility to vancomycin, daptomycin, penicillin, erythromycin, compound sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, gentamicin and chloramphenicol. PCR was used to detect drug re-sistance genes of ermA, ermB, ermC, msrA, norA1, norA2, sul1, sul2, sul3, aac(6')/aph(2″), ant(4', 4″), ant(6) and tetM and to analyze the SCCmec types ofⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳa, Ⅳb, Ⅳc, Ⅳd and Ⅴ. The results were compared with those of capillary electrophoresis. SPSS was used for data analysis. Results All of the 99 mecA-positive Staphylococcus epidermidis strains were sensitive to vancomycin and 93. 94% of them were sensitive to datomycin. The resistance rates to penicillin, erythromycin, cefoxitin, compound sulfame-thoxazole, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, gentamicin and chloramphenicol were 97. 98%, 85. 86%, 79. 80%, 52. 54%, 27. 27%, 43. 43%, 36. 36%, 23. 23% and 11. 11%. The strains that car-ried the genes of norA1, norA2, ermA, ermB, ermC, msrA, sul1, sul2, sul3, aac(6')/aph(2″), ant(4', 4″), ant(6) and tetM accounted for 100%, 93. 94%, 0. 00%, 3. 03%, 17. 17%, 57. 58%, 50. 51%, 12. 12%, 4. 04%, 30. 30%, 8. 08%, 4. 04% and 25. 26%, respectively. Among the 99 strains, 5. 05%, 0%, 43. 43%, 10. 10%, 0. 00%, 3. 03%, 3. 03% and 19. 19% belonged to SCCmecⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳa,Ⅳb,Ⅳc,Ⅳd andⅤ, respectively, and 4. 04% (4/99) were positive to two SCCmec types. The types of 12. 12% (12/99) of the strains were unidentified. Conclusions All of the 99 strains of mecA-positive Staphylococcus epidermidis were sensitive to vancomycin. Among them, the strains carrying multidrug resist-ance genes accounted for 89. 90%. The main mechanisms of resistance to macrolides, sulfonamides and ami-noglycosides in local strains were related to the resistance genes of msrA, sul1 and aac ( 6')/aph ( 2″) . SCCmec Ⅲ was the prevalent type. There were 88. 37% of SCCmec Ⅲ type strains and 75% of unknown type strains carrying multiple resistance genes. Apart from that, the isolated strains of other SCCmecⅢtypes all carried multiple resistance genes.

16.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 161-165, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694658

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics including the morbidity, clinical manifestation, and pathogens of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods Clinical data of all VLBW infants in NICU from January 2011 to December 2013 were collected. According to the results of blood culture, the VLBW infants diagnosed with LOS were divided into confirmed LOS group and clinical LOS group. The morbidity, clinical manifestations, common pathogens, and drug sensitivity of LOS were retrospectively analyzed. Results In 226 VLBW infants, there were 117 cases of LOS with the morbidity at 51.8%. Forty-five infants were confirmed to have LOS by blood culture, accounting for 19.9% (45/226); another 72 infants were diagnosed with clinical LOS, accounting for 31.9% (72/226). The rates of tachycardia and temperature fluctuation in confirmed LOS group were higher than those in clinical LOS group, and there were significant differences (P<0.05). There were 51 strains of pathogenic bacteria, with 32 Gram-negative bacteria (62.7%), 16 Gram-positive bacteria (31.4%), and 3 fungi (5.9%).The common pathogenic bacteria were Klebsiella pneumoniae and coagulase negative Staphylococcus,the most of which were multidrug-resistant bacteria.Conclusions The incidence of LOS in VLBW infants is high. The main clinical manifestations are sudden changes in breathing, heart rate, mental state, and skin color. Although these manifestations are not specific,they could serve as early warning.The common pathogenic bacteria are Klebsiella pneumoniae and coagulase negative Staphylococcus,and both of them are multidrug resistant.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 753-756, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688151

ABSTRACT

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) comprise a group of common neurodevelopmental disorders whose pathogenesis remains unclear. More than 100 genes have been associated with ASDs, some of which have shown to play important roles in the development and function of synapses, a crucial step of information transmission between neurons. Studies have found abnormalities in synaptic transmission, density, and structures in the brains of autistic patients. NRXN-NLGN-SHANK pathway has been associated with synaptic function of the brain, and its primary role is to regulate synaptic formation, elimination, plasticity and maturation. Genes including NRXN, NLGN, SHANK, and PSD95 are involved in the NRXN-NLGN-SHANK pathway. Mutations of such genes may lead to dysfunction of the pathway and ASDs-related phenotypes found in patients and animal models. This paper has provided a review for the research progress made on the mutations of NRXN-NLGN-SHANK pathway related genes and their roles in the pathogenesis of ASDs.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1356-1360, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668933

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the prevalence of full thickness rotator cuff tear in patients with proximal humeral fractures,and the relationships between different risk factors.Methods Data of 113 patients with proximal humeral fractures from January 2014 to January 2016 who underwent surgical treatment were retrospectively analyzed.The general characteristics of patients (age,sex,cause of injury) were recorded and the rotator cuff was evaluated preoperatively on MRI and explored intra-operatively.We calculated and compared the incidence rate of age,sex in patients with and without rotator cuff tear.And the incidence rate of rotator cuff tear in different types of fracture according to Neer classification was calculated.Results The full thickness ro tator cuff tear were indentified in 28 patients (24.8%),and 21 of them had been confirmed by MRI preoperatively.Statistical significant difference was found between patients with rotator cuff tear group (average of 75.11± 10.89 years old) and without rotator cuff tear group (64.68± 13.43) for the age of the patient.Full thickness rotator cuff tear was most common in Neer 3 GT fracture (33.3%,8/54),followed by Neer 2 GT (26.67%,4/15) and Neer 2 SN (17.65,6/34),however,no full thickness rotator was found in Neer 4 type fracture.There were 4 patients with total rotator cuff tear who had symptom of shoulder before the operation.The other 24 patients had no symptom of shoulder.Conclusion Patient age was found as a risk factor for full thickness rotator cuff tear in humeral proximal fractures with the rate of 24.8%.Full thickness rotator cuff tear was most common in Neer 3 GT fracture.

19.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3817-3818, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663212
20.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 101-104, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491321

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between neurodevelopment and early nutritional status of very low birth weight(VLBW)infants in NICU.Methods VLBW infants admitted to NICU of our hospital from January 2013 to December 2014 and received regular follow-up management at our high-risk infant outpatient clinic were retrospectively studied. All infantsˊdevelopmental quotient ( DQ) were evaluated at 3 months of corrected gestational age ( cGA) . DQ ≥130 was defined as excellent, 115-129 above medium, 85-114 medium, 70 -84 below medium and ≤69 abnormal. According to their DQ scores, infants were assigned into two groups, normal neurodevelopment group ( DQ≥85 ) and abnormal neurodevelopment group ( DQ<85 ) . Nutritional status during hospitalization between the two groups were compared.Results A total of 125 VLBW infants were recruited.At three months of cGA, 2 cases ( 1. 6℅) had excellent DQ score; 3 ( 2. 4℅) above medium; 63 ( 50. 4℅) medium;57 (45. 6℅) below medium. 68 cases (54. 4℅) in the normal development group and 57 (45. 6℅) in the abnormal group. The total energy intake, the proportion of enteral energy supply on 4 d, 7 d, 14 d after birth and amino acid supply on 4 d, 7 d were significantly higher in the normal neurodevelopment group than the abnormal group (P<0. 05). Comparing with the abnormal group, weight loss of VLBW infants in the normal neurodevelopment group was less; the time needed to reach birth weight and exclusive enteral nutrition in the normal neurodevelopment group was shorter. The differences were statistically significant between the two groups(P<0.05).Conclusions VLBW infantsˊearly nutritional status may influence their neurodevelopmental outcome.

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