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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 241-247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003847

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the level of occupational health literacy (OHL) and its influencing factors among key populations in China. Methods The front-line workers from 31 provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities, and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps in China were selected as the research subjects using a combination of stratified cluster random sampling and probability proportional sampling. The Occupational Health Literacy Questionnaire of National Key Populations was used to investigate the OHL level. Results In 2022, a total of 340 506 people from 23 industries were surveyed. Among them, 168 455 and 172 051 people were surveyed in the secondary and tertiary industries, respectively. The OHL level of the research subjects was 52.6%. The OHL levels of workers in the secondary and tertiary industries were 56.5% and 48.9%, respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that gender, age, marital status, educational level, household registration, monthly income, employment nature, years of service and industry category were independent influencing factors for OHL level of the research subjects (all P<0.01). Specifically, females had a higher OHL level than males (P<0.01); the older the age, the higher the education level, the higher the monthly income level, the higher the OHL level (all P<0.01); the level of OHL in unmarried people was higher than that in married people (P<0.01); the OHL level of workers with non-agricultural household registration was higher than that of workers with agricultural household registration (P<0.01); the OHL levels of workers in state-owned enterprises, foreign-funded enterprises and public institutions were higher than those in private enterprises (all P<0.01); the level of OHL in the group with 21.0-43.0 years of service was lower than that in the other years of service groups (all P<0.01); the OHL level of workers in the secondary industry was higher than that in the tertiary industry (P<0.01). Conclusion The workers in the key industries selected by the tertiary industry, the private enterprises in the secondary industry, those with more than 21.0 years of service, and the disadvantaged groups with younger age low income, low education level, and the agricultural household registration are the key groups for the improvement of OHL level in the future. Appropriate intervention methods and strategies should be actively explored to improve the OHL of these key populations.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 189-193, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996547

ABSTRACT

Occupational health literacy refers to the awareness and ability of workers to obtain basic knowledge of occupational health, practice healthy working styles and lifestyles, prevent the risk of occupational and work-related diseases, and maintain and promote their own health. In 2022, for the first time, China carried out nationwide monitoring for occupational health literacy of key populations. The National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention was responsible for technical support, formulating the National Technical Plan for Occupational Health Literacy Monitoring and Intervention of Key Populations, and formulating relevant requirements and specifications for monitoring purposes, monitoring scope and objects, sampling methods, monitoring content and methods, organization and implementation of field investigation, and quality control. In addition, the National Occupational Health Literacy Monitoring Questionnaire for Key Groups was provided, and the monitoring and intervention of occupational health literacy for key groups in the second- and third-key industries has been organized nationwide, so as to understand the occupational health literacy of the occupational population in China and provide important support for promotion of high-quality construction of healthy China.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1266-1270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for the construction of intelligent pharmacy and quality control of each link in medical institutions. METHODS The problems, difficulties, and risk points in the links of prescription extraction, allocation, drug resource utilization, prescription and child information verification in pediatric outpatient and emergency pharmacy of our hospital were sorted out to put forward the solutions. The pediatric outpatient and emergency intelligent pharmacy service system of our hospital was established, and its effectiveness was analyzed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS In response to the risk points of drug accumulation, dispensing errors, being prone to complaints or disputes, safety hazards in dispensing, and pharmacist’s incorrect operation in various stages such as payment, taking medicine and dispensing, pediatric outpatient and emergency intelligent pharmacy service system was established in our hospital by adding intelligent queuing links, enabling “QR codes”, introducing devices such as rapid dispensing machines, intelligent drug racks, and intelligent dismantling machines. After using the system, the average outpatient dispensing speed increased from 37.55 s/piece to 16.97 s/piece (direct delivery prescriptions) and 27.10 s/piece (non-direct delivery prescriptions), and the average emergency dispensing speed increased from 26.98 s/piece to 19.61 s/piece (P< 0.01). The walking distance for pharmacists to dispense prescriptions had decreased from 4-16 m/piece to 2-5 m/piece, and the inventory rate had shortened from 2.0-2.2 h/time to 1.5-1.7 h/time. The rate of dispensing error decreased from 0.003% to 0 (P< 0.01). At the same time, the improvement of pharmaceutical service quality has been demonstrated in terms of shortening the waiting time of family members of child, precise drug supplement and helping family members understand medication information. The application of the system can further promote pediatric outpatient and emergency pharmacy services in our hospital.

4.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 405-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972378

ABSTRACT

Background Healthcare workers suffer from great internal and external pressure and are prone to burnout. Existing studies have shown that depressive symptoms are important influencing factors of burnout, both of which are closely related to job stress. Objective To analyze overall prevalence of burnout among healthcare workers using a new survey tool developed by our team, and to reveal potential influencing factors related to burnout. Methods A cross-sectional multi-center study was conducted in August–October 2019 and June–September 2020, using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling. A total of 8738 healthcare workers from 22 hospitals in 5 provinces (Shandong, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, and Chongqing) of China were selected in this study. A set of survey questionnaires, including the general information questionnaire and the Chinese versions of General Burnout Scale, Core Occupational Stress Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Self-administered Sleep Questionnaire were distributed. Independent samples t-test or one-way ANOVA were employed for inter-group comparison of burnout. Spearman correlation was used to evaluate correlations among burnout, depressive symptoms, and occupational stress. Stepwise linear regression was conducted to identify factors independently associated with burnout. Process plug-in was used to test potential mediating effect of depressive symptoms on occupational stress and burnout. Results Of the 8738 questionnaires distributed, 8456 valid questionnaires were collected, and the recovery rate was 96.77%. Among the 8456 healthcare workers, the prevalence of burnout was 58.0%, that of occupational stress was 31.8%, and that of depressive symptoms was 31.0%. Among those with depressive symptoms and occupational stress, the proportions of burnout were 86.7% and 83.7%, respectively. According to the stepwise linear regression analysis, depressive symptoms, occupational stress, work experience, drinking, and marital status were all independent influencing factors of burnout. Especially, depressive symptoms, social support, and organization and reward had significant influences on burnout (b'=0.455, −0.183, 0.220, P<0.001). Depressive symptoms showed mediating effects on occupational stress (and its subscales) and burnout, and the contribution rates of the mediating effects were 41.00%, 47.02%, 43.44%, 56.62%, and 59.45%, respectively. Conclusion Burnout is a prominent problem among healthcare workers in the 5 provinces, with the prevalence of 58.0%. And nearly 1/3 suffering from depressive symptoms and occupational stress, which has a great impact on burnout.

5.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 382-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972375

ABSTRACT

Background As one of the common tools for job burnout assessment, Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), its reliability and validity across different populations in China have not been examined yet. Objective To evaluate the reliability and validity of General Burnout Scale (GBS) by multiple occupational groups through the translation and preliminary test of MBI-GS. Methods Based on the Special Project of Occupational Hazards in Key Populations led by the Institute of Occupational Health and Poison Control, China CDC, key occupational groups in five typical industries were selected by multi-stage stratified cluster sampling, including teachers, firefighters, manufacturing workers, medical staff, and traffic police. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to evaluate the construct validity of GBS by single-factor, two-factor, and three-factor structure models. The model fitness was assessed by ratio of the chi-square statistic to the respective degrees of freedom (χ2/ν), root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), goodness-of-fit index (GFI), comparative fit index (CFI), and parsimony-adjusted non-normed fit index (PNFI). Spearman correlation analysis was used to calculate the criterion validity of GBS with occupational stress, depressive symptoms, and sleep disorders. Cronbach's α coefficient and composite reliability (CR) coefficient were used to evaluate the internal consistency reliability of GBS. Results A total of 3485 subjects were surveyed in this study, 3375 valid questionnaires were recovered with a valid response rate of 96.84%. The results of CFA showed that in the adjusted three-factor structure model of GBS (exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy), the χ2/ν < 4, the RMSEA ranged from 0.032 to 0.069, the GFI > 0.90, the CFI > 0.90, and the PNFI > 0.70, which illustrated a good fitness than that of the single- or the two-factor structure models in different occupational groups. The Spearman correlation analysis results showed that occupational stress, depressive symptoms, and sleep disorders were positively correlated with exhaustion and cynicism dimensions, and negatively correlated with professional efficacy dimension of the GBS, with the \begin{document}$ \left| r \right| $\end{document} ranging from 0.139 to 0.662 (P<0.05) in overall subjects. For traffic police and firefighters, professional efficacy was not correlated with depressive symptoms or sleep disorders (P>0.05). The Cronbach's α coefficients ranged from 0.819 to 0.899, and the CR values ranged from 0.941 to 0.978 in different occupational groups. Conclusion The GBS shows high reliability and validity, as well as good application effects in different occupational groups.

6.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 653-659, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930491

ABSTRACT

Antipyretic-analgesics are currently one of the most prescribed drugs in children.The clinical application of antipyretic-analgesics for children in our country still have irrational phenomenon, which affects the therapeutic effect and even poses hidden dangers to the safety of children.In this paper, suggestions were put forward from the indications, dosage form/route, dosage suitability, pathophysiological characteristics of children with individual differences and drug interactions in the symptomatic treatment of febrile children, so as to provide reference for the general pharmacists when conducting prescription review.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 402-408, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920894

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for early-stage complications among liver transplant recipients, and to establish and validate a risk prediction model for early-stage complications after transplantation. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 234 patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation in Department of Liver Transplantation, Tianjin First Central Hospital, from January 2016 to December 2018. According to the presence or absence of Clavien-Dindo grade ≥Ⅲ complications after liver transplantation, the patients were divided into complication group with 97 patients and non-complication group with 137 patients. The two groups were compared in terms of the indices including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), blood type, psoas muscle thickness/height (PMTH), Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, total serum bilirubin, serum creatinine, international normalized ratio of prothrombin time, blood urea nitrogen, hemoglobin, white blood cell count, platelet count, amount of intraoperative red blood cell transfusion, amount of frozen plasma transfusion, blood loss, anhepatic phase, time of operation, donor age, donor BMI, cold ischemia time of donor liver, and warm ischemia time of donor liver. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Univariate analysis and the binary logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the risk factors for early-stage complications after liver transplantation, and a risk prediction model for complications after liver transplantation was established based on the method for establishing a scoring system using the logistic model provided by Framingham Research Center. Internal validation of the model was performed by C-index, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test, and the decision curve was used to evaluate the clinical applicability of the model. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the incidence rate of early-stage complications after liver transplantation between the patients with different risk scores. Results Compared with the non-complication group, the complication group had significantly higher MELD score, proportion of patients with low PMTH, total serum bilirubin, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, CONUT score, amount of intraoperative red blood cell transfusion, and amount of frozen plasma transfusion, as well as a significantly lower level of hemoglobin (all P < 0.1). The multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that MELD score (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.104, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.057-1.154, P < 0.05), PMTH ( OR =2.858, 95% CI : 1.451-5.626, P < 0.05), and CONUT score ( OR =1.481, 95% CI : 1.287-1.703, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for grade ≥Ⅲ complications in the early stage after liver transplantation. MELD score, PMTH, and CONUT score were included in a predictive model, and this model had the highest score of 24 points, a C-index of 0.828, an area under the ROC curve of 0.812( P < 0.001), a sensitivity of 0.792, and a specificity of 0.751, suggesting that this predictive model had good discriminatory ability. The calibration curve of this model was close to the reference curve, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test obtained a chi-square value of 8.528( P =0.382), suggesting that this predictive model had a high degree of fitting. The decision curve showed that most patients were able to benefit from the predictive model and achieved a high net benefit rate, suggesting that this predictive model had good clinical applicability. The score of 11 was selected as the cut-off value according to the optimal Youden index of 0.507, and the patients were divided into low-risk (< 8 points) group with 55 patients, moderate-risk (8-10 points) group with 63 patients, high-risk (11-14 points) group with 67 patients, and extremely high-risk (≥15 points) group with 49 patients. These four groups had a 90-day cumulative incidence rate of early-stage postoperative complications of 3.6%, 28.6%, 59.7%, and 75.5%, respectively, and the incidence rate of complications increased with the increase in risk score ( P < 0.001). Conclusion MELD score, PMTH, and CONUT score are independent risk factors for early-stage complications among liver transplant recipients, and the risk prediction model established based on these factors has a high predictive value in high-risk patients.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1081-1085, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924780

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the CT characteristics of hepatitis B cirrhosis, and to predict the risk of bleeding by establishing a predictive model for upper gastrointestinal bleeding in liver cirrhosis. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 101 patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis who were admitted to Tianjin First Central Hospital from January 2015 to June 2021, and these patients were divided into upper gastrointestinal bleeding group and non- bleeding group. The two groups were compared in terms of laboratory findings and CT values in plain scan, arterial phase, portal vein phase, and venous phase measured by contrast-enhanced CT, and the changes in CT values (ΔCT) across different phases were calculated. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U rank sum test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to predict the related risk factors; The discrimination of the model was evaluated by calculating the area under the working characteristic curve of the subjects, and the model calibration criteria were determined by Hosmer-lemeshow. Based on the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, Rstudio4.1.2 R package was used to establish a predictive model, and draws the corresponding ROC curve, calibration curve and clinical decision curve. Results There were significant differences in serum TBil, WBC and PLT levels between the non-bleeding group and the bleeding group (all P < 0.05). There were significant differences in liver-plain, spleen-P-plain and spleen-P-A ΔCT(all P < 0.05). The univariate logistic analysis showed that there were significant differences in leukocytes (odds ratio [ OR ]=0.770, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.624-0.952, P =0.016), platelets ( OR =0.979, 95% CI : 0.965-0.994, P =0.006), liver plain scan ( OR =1.142, 95% CI : 1.058-1.233, P =0.001), ΔCT value of the spleen from portal vein phase to plain scan ( OR =0.979, 95% CI : 0.959-1.000, P =0.050), and ΔCT value of the spleen from portal vein phase to arterial phase ( OR =0.979, 95% CI : 0.944-0.994, P =0.015) between the hepatitis B cirrhosis patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and those without bleeding. The multivariate logistic analysis showed that platelets ( OR =0.968, 95% CI : 0.944-0.993, P =0.011), liver plain phase ( OR =1.148, 95% CI : 1.047-1.259, P =0.003), and ΔCT value of the spleen from portal vein phase to arterial phase ( OR =0.951, 95% CI : 0.908-0.995, P =0.030) were independent risk factors for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. A predictive model for upper gastrointestinal bleeding in hepatitis B cirrhosis was established based on the results of the multivariate logistic analysis, and a calibration curve was plotted. This model had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.801 at the cut-off value of 0.433, with a sensitivity of 81.4% and a specificity of 77.6%. The calibration curve of the model fitted well with the ideal curve. Conclusion There are special ΔCT changes in hepatitis B cirrhosis, and the predictive model based on ΔCT has a good predictive ability for upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 372-376, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880283

ABSTRACT

The echinoderm microtubule associated protein-like 4 (EML4) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) were fractured and fused to become EML4-ALK. Most of these EML4-ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients respond well to the ALK inhibitor. Many patients can benefit from drug target therapy for a long time, and some patients can achieve long-term survival of more than 7 years under the optimized treatment mode. This patient has lung adenocarcinoma positive for EML4-ALK fusion gene, but the treatment outcome is obviously different from that of other patients with lung cancer positive for EML4-ALK fusion gene. After the first to third generations of ALK inhibitor targeted therapy and chemotherapy, the disease progresses rapidly, the drug resistance time is short, the survival time is short, and the benefit is limited. The patient received targeted therapy of Crizotinib, Ceritinib and Lorlatinib successively from July 15, 2019, followed by two chemotherapy courses of Bevacizumab combined with Pemetrexed and Carboplatin. The patient died on September 10, 2020, with a survival of 15 months. At the same time, the treatment showed common adverse reactions of ALK inhibitors. This paper analyzed the therapeutic effect and treatment dilemma of this patient, and provided an exploration direction for the treatment of patients with EML4-ALK fusion gene positive lung cancer.
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10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2917-2923, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To standardize the use of children’s over-the-counter(OTC)drugs in China,control the risk of children’s self medication and ensure the safety of children’s medication. METHODS:The questionnaire was randomly distributed to pharmacy practitioners in retail pharmacies in 13/parents in 16 provinces and municipalities directly under the central government. The results of questionnaire survey were analyzed descriptively. The corresponding suggestions were put forward for the problems existing in the use of OTC drugs for children among pharmacy practitioners in retail pharmacies and parents.RESULTS:Totally 5 367 people filled the questionnaire at pharmacies,and 5 353 questionnaires were filled validly with effective rate of 99.74%;the number of consumers(parents)who filled the questionnaires was 6 111,and 5 094 questionnaires were filled validly with effective rate of 83.36%. The results of survey showed that 93.67% of retail pharmacies were equipped with 1-2licensed pharmacists;most of the employees in pharmacies had college degree(46.59%),and their professional knowledge was relatively weak,and only 30.00% of them were very familiar with pharmaceutical professional knowledge. Pharmacy practitioners could provide basic pharmaceutical care,but they were not sensitive to the information of children’s age and weight;only 44.11%of the practitioners would approve the dosage according to the age and weight of the children;98.09% of pharmacies would regularly conduct OTC drugs knowledge training,but they did not pay attention to the knowledge of children related to drug use. About half of the pharmacy practitioners were very clear about the indications,usage and dosage,precautions of OTC drugs forchildren. About 70% of parents did not fully understand the difference between prescription drugs,green OTC drugs and red OTC drugs,and did not know the risk of home OTC treatment;63.06% of parents chose OTC drugs according to their previous experience, and 23.05% of parents relied on drug advertisements to choose OTC drugs; 92.64% of parents would read the drug instruction carefully before using OTC drugs, but they had blind spots in understanding many contents of the drug instruction. In the process of OTC drug use,46.21% of parents had used adult OTC drugs for their children,and 41.54% of parents did not convert the amount of children;52.89% of parents said that their children suffered from adverse reactions after taking OTC drugs. CONCLUSIONS:The pharmacy practitioners have low education on the whole,professional level needs to be improved,their understanding of children’s OTC drugs is not comprehensive enough,and there is a lack oftraining on children’s medication knowledge. Parents have a poor awareness of children’s OTC drugs,and there are many problems in the process of using children’s OTC drugs,such as inaccurate dosage,using adult’s drugs. It is suggested that we should improve the access standard of pharmacy practitioners and increase the number of licensed pharmacists;organize special training on safe drug use for children to improve the pharmaceutical service ability of pharmacies;strengthen the supervision of retail pharmacies and formulate pharmaceutical care standards for the use of OTC drugs for children;strengthen the publicity and education on rational drug use for children and popularize the knowledge of safe drug use of OTC drugs for children;give full play to the guiding role of pharmacists and pay attention to the medication guidance of parents.

11.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 666-669, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship and clinical value between serum matrix metalloproteinases-3 (MMP-3) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods:By using retrospective study to collect 123 patients with RA diagnosed in our hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 as the RA group. Among the patients, there are 25 males and 98 females, the median age is 60 years old. During the same term, 53 healthy people were selected as the control group, with 12 males and 41 females, the median age is 55 years old. MMP-3, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), rheumatoid facotrs (RF), anti-cyclocitrulline factor (ACCP) in peripheral blood of all subjects were detected. Disease activity score of 28 joints (DAS28) were collected. This research used T test, Spearman correlation analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) to analyze the relationship between MMP-3 and other clinical biochemical indices, and the efficacy of MMP-3 in the diagnosis of RA.Results:Compared with the control group (26.30±14.83)ng/ml, the levels of serum MMP-3 in the RA group (79.71±123.54) ng/ml had significantly increased ( t=-4.95, P<0.001). The serum concentration of MMP-3 in RA patients was significantly correlated with ESR, hs-CRP and DAS28 ( r value were 0.521, 0.372, 0.405 respectively, P<0.001). The area under the curve (AUC) of MMP-3 to diagnose RA was 0.765, and the sensitivity was 64.44%, and the specificity was 75.76%, cut-off of MMP-3 were 32.50 ng/ml. Conclusions:The levels of serum MMP-3 in the RA group had significantly increased. MMP-3 and the disease activity were highly correlated. MMP-3 can be used as an indicator of RA disease activity, also can significantly improve the diagnostic efficacy, treatment and warning of early RA.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1507-1511, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864629

ABSTRACT

Multidrug-resistant organism infection seriously affects the treatment and prognosis of ICU patients. The prevention and control of multidrug-resistant organism infection in hospital has become a common focus of clinical care and nursing. The effectiveness of chlorhexidine bathing for the prevention of multidrug-resistant organism infection in ICU patients were reviewed, and outcomes of the review would be expected to offer references to nursing practice and play a guiding role in reducing the incidence of multidrug-resistant organism infection, decreasing the cost of infection control, ensuring the safety of patient care.

13.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 330-334, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863235

ABSTRACT

Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine were primarily used to treat malaria. With continuous research on their mechanism of action, their application range has gradually expanded to treat serious infectious diseases, rheumatic immune diseases, tumors, etc. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are the two most attractive drugs developed in the past 50 years, and their efficacy in the treatment of various non-malaria diseases has been increasingly recognized by researchers. The results of in-depth research show that chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have antiviral effects against coronavirus, influenza virus and Ebola virus, have significant clinical efficacy in the treatment of rheumatoid diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis, and can enhance the drug sensitivity of tumor cells by combining with classic anticancer drugs. The main adverse reaction of hydroxychloroquine is eye damage, especially retinopathy. Therefore, patients treated with this drug should undergo regular eye examinations. In this review paper, the chemical structure, pharmacokinetics, application status and pharmaceutical care of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine were summarized. This paper looks forward to providing help for the rational use of these two drugs in the future.

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 301-306, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754302

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of vitamin D on platelet reactivity after combined treatment with aspirin and clopidogrel in elderly patients with ischemic stroke??Methods A total of 190 elderly patients with ischemic stroke treated with aspirin and clopidogrel in Beijing Bo′ai Hospital from June 2017 to August 2018 were enrolled in this study??Venous blood was collected for platelet aggregation rate,25?hydroxyvitamin D[25(OH)D] and clinical biochemical indexes during 1~2 weeks??According to 25 (OH) D quartile,the patients were further divided into Q1(≤7??18 μg/L) group ( n=50),Q2: (>7??18-≤9??39 μg/L) group (n=50),Q3: (>9??39-≤13??74 μg/L) group (50),Q4: (>13??74 μg/L) (n=40)??In order to evaluate the effect of calcitriol on platelet aggregation,platelet rich plasma ( PRP) in healthy group (15 cases) and clopidogrel resistance group (15 cases) were treated with calcitriol (10 nmol/L) and saline (37℃ pretreatment for 5 minutes),respectively,and to compare the difference of maximum platelet aggregation rate induced by ADP between the two treatments??Results There were significant differences in ADP? induced maximum platelet aggregation rate ( MPAR) (( 49??36 ± 23??34)%,( 48??80 ± 20??90)%, ( 37??02 ±18??24)%,(36??02± 14??46)%, F= 3??426, P= 0??018) and clopidogrel resistance ( CR)/ clopidogrel sensitive (CS) ratio (30/20,24/26,15/35,10/30,χ2=15??119,P=0??002) among the vitamin D quartiles (increasing)??Moreover, the MPAR and CR showed a decreasing trend with the increase of vitamin D concentration??Logistic regression analysis showed that serum 25( OH) D level was an independent inhibited factor for clopidogrel resistance in elderly patients with ischemic stroke ( Q4 vs Q1, OR=0??699,95%CI 0??582~0??838,P<0??001; Q3 vs Q1,OR=0??848,95%CI 0??755-0??953,P=0??006)??In vitro,compared with physiological saline,the aggregation rates of platelet in healthy group and CR group decreased after calcitriol pretreatment,and the difference was statistically significant ( healthy group: ( 69??8 ± 12??7 )% vs ( 58??6 ±11??5)%,t=12??13,P<0??001;CR group: ( 65??5 ± 8??3)% vs ( 56??3 ± 7??6)%, t=11??48, P <0??001)??Conclusion Vitamin D reduces the high residual platelet reactivity after antiplatelet therapy??Further study is needed to determine whether vitamin D supplementation may improve the efficacy of clopidogrel??

15.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 684-688, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754184

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Early Intervention Denver Model ( Early Start Denver Model,ESDM) on children with autism spectrum disorder( ASD). Methods From May 2017 to April 2018,forty four children aged 2-5 years with ASD were enrolled in the study and were randomly divided into the experimental group(n=20) and the control group (n=20). The experimental group received ESDM rehabilitation intervention and the control group received conventional rehabilitation intervention. Before and 6 months after intervention,all children were assessed by the Psycho-educational Profile-3rd Edition ( PEP-3). Results After 6 months of intervention,the developmental age of cognition (30 (26,34),33(30,44);Z=-3. 728,P<0. 001),imitation (33(29,40),38( 32,43); Z=-2. 010,P=0. 044),expression language (29(23,39),41( 33,50); Z=-3. 923, P<0. 01), receptive language ( 25 ( 20,32),34 ( 28,38); Z=-3. 727,P<0. 01) and fine motor (29(23,41),39(33,47) ;Z=-2. 704,P=0. 007) of the control group were significantly higher than those before intervention. In the experimental group,the developmental age of cognition (25 ( 21,32),37 ( 32,40); Z=-3. 922, P<0. 01),imitation ( 22 ( 17,35),39 ( 38,42); Z= -3. 826,P<0. 01),expression language (30(24,35),47( 37,53); Z=-3. 824,P<0. 01),receptive lan-guage (22(15,32),37(30,43); Z=-3. 924,P<0. 01),fine motor (25(22,33),43(30,52); Z=-3. 924, P<0. 01) and gross motor ( 24(17,38),40(27,43); Z=-3. 523,P<0. 01) were significantly higher than those before intervention. Compared with the control group,the experimental group had significantly greater changes in the five regions:cognition(6(3,10),11(10,20); Z=-2. 821,P=0. 005),expression language (6(4,9),12(7,18); Z=-3. 278,P=0. 001),receptive language(5(3,10),12(7,18); Z=-3. 299,P=0. 001),fine motor (7(1,10),13(10,22); Z=-3. 038,P=0. 002)and gross motor(1(0,10),11(5,16);Z=-2. 568,P=0. 01) of PEP-3 after intervention. Conclusion Both conventional intervention and ESDM intervention can improve the cognitive,expression language,receptive language,imitation and fine motor abili-ty of children with ASD aged from 2 to 5 years,but ESDM intervention is more effective on improving the cog-nitive,language,imitation and fine motor ability of children with ASD.

16.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 385-389, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693612

ABSTRACT

In order to form the expert consensus which researched on the comprehensive individualized protocol of Tuina therapy for Knee osteoarthritis, the preliminary protocol was summarized and formed by analyzing the interviews and published paper. And then the expert consensus method was applied for the protocols of Tuina therapy for KOA. After discussions, the consensus of three protocols according to the classification of KOA main symptomes was researched. In the protocols, 75%~80% of the entries were considered as strong recommendation, and the others were weak recommended. Thus, it is believed that the comprehensive protocols for the treatment of KOA with different Tuina manipulations is feasible and reproducible after standardization.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 427-431, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699323

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of amplitude integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) in full-term newborns with different blood glucose levels,so as to provide clinical evidence for assessing brain function after hypoglycemia.Method Full-term neonates admitted to the neonatal ward of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from June 2014 to May 2016 with the initial diagnosis of hypoglycemia were enrolled to hypoglycemia group.According to the lowest level of blood glucose,infants were assigned to three subgroups,severe hypoglycemia group (< 1.1 mmol/L),moderate hypoglycemia group (1.1 ~ <2.2 mmol/L),and mild hypoglycemia group (2.2 ~ <2.8 mmol/L).Time matched asymptomatic term infants,who were admitted to the neonatal ward due to maternal high risks and with normal blood glucose after birth,were enrolled to control group.A 4 h continuous aEEG monitoring was completed for each infant in hypoglycemia group within 12 h after the blood glucose level stabilized.The newborns in control group were given aEEG examination 72 ~ 120 h after birth,the duration of monitoring was also 4 h.The aEEG scoring was completed and compared by rank sum test.Result A total of 83 neonates were enrolled in hypoglycemia group,including 11 with severe hypoglycemia,32 with moderate hypoglycemia,and 40 with mild hypoglycemia.Another 26 neonates with normal blood glucose level were enrolled in control group.The incidence of pregnancy-induced maternal blood glucose elevation was statistically significant among each group (P < 0.05).The duration of neonatal hypoglycemia in severe hypoglycemia group was longer than that in moderate hypoglycemia group and mild hypoglycemia group [38.3 (20.7,50.4) h vs.20.4(15.3,22.6) h,13.7 (7.8,19.4) h] (P< 0.05).The range of glucose level in severe hypoglycemia group was larger than that in mild and moderate hypoglycemia group [5.0 (4.0,5.5) mmol/Lvs.3.5 (3.0,3.9) mmol/L,3.3 (2.8,3.8) mmol/L] (P < 0.05),but there was no significant difference in the onset of first hypoglycemia between groups (P > 0.05).The aEEG score showed that there was significant difference in total score and sleep-wake cycle score between groups (P < 0.05).The score of sleep-wake cycle in severe hypoglycemia group was significantly lower than that in moderate hypoglycemia group or in mild hypoglycemia group or in the control group (P < 0.05),while there was no significant difference between moderate and mild hypoglycemia groups,and between moderate hypoglycemia and control group (P > 0.05).Conclusion Severe hypoglycemia can lead to neonatal aEEG changes,mainly in the sleep-wake cycle changes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 427-431, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808969

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of Wnt3a on osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSC).@*Methods@#DPSCs were subjected to different concentrations of Wnt3a (0, 5, 20, 50 and 100 μg/L) and at seven days after culture the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was tested. Mineralized nodule formation was examined by alizarin red staining. Osteogenic-related gene expression of bone sialoprotein (BSP), osteocalcin (OCN), collagen type Ⅰ (COL-Ⅰ), Runt-related transcription factor-2 (RUNX2) was examined by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR).@*Results@#After seven days of induction by DPSC, Wnt3a protein could inhibit the ALP activity (concentration 0: 1.076±0.203, 5 μg/L: 0.828±0.118, 20 μg/L: 0.505±0.044, 50 μg/L: 0.499±0.038, 100 μg/L: 0.483±0.060). The expression of OCN in 5 μg/L Wnt3a group (0.092±0.005) was lower than that in culture medium (0.858±0.190)(P<0.05). Alizarin red staining showed that 5 μg/L Wnt3a had no mineralization induction effect on DPSC.@*Conclusions@#Wnt3a could inhibit osteogenic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells.

19.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 18-19,23, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603453

ABSTRACT

The most radiation exposure for children arises from the medical process, and due to their characteristics such as relatively immature,organ development,they are more sensitive to the radiation than a-dults,and have higher risk of radiation related diseases,so medical radiation exposure should not be ignored.

20.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 801-805, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501907

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the functions of microRNA-1 43 (miR-1 43)in esophageal cancer cell line ECA1 09.Methods ECA1 09 cells were transfected with negative control (NC),miR-1 43 mimics or miR-1 43 inhibitors.3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT)assay was per-formed to evaluate the growth of ECA1 09 cells after transfection.Annexin V-FITC /PI apoptosis test kit was used to detect early apoptosis rate in ECA1 09 cells.Transwell migration and invasion assays were conducted to compare the migration and invasion capacity of ECA1 09 among different groups.Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to analyze the mRNA and protein alteration after transfection.Results Three and four days after transfection,compared with NC (absorbance value:0.90 ±0.02 and 1 .09 ±0.07),miR-1 43 mimics inhibited ECA1 09 cell proliferation (absorbance value:0.66 ±0.05 and 0.80 ±0.04),while miR-1 43 inhibi-tors promoted cell proliferation (absorbance value:1 .1 3 ±0.09 and 1 .51 ±0.08),with statistical signifi-cances (F =49.1 6,P =0.000;F =1 00.34,P =0.000).Early-stage apoptosis rates of ECA1 09 transfected with NC,miR-1 43 mimics and miR-1 43 inhibitors were 3.42% ±0.72%,1 1 .63% ±1 .1 5% and 0.94% ± 0.1 0%,respectively,with statistical significance (F =1 51 .61 ,P =0.000).Meanwhile,compared with NC (migration cell number:336 ±1 3,invasion cell number:1 47 ±1 6),miR-1 43 mimics inhibited cell migration (1 48 ±1 6)and invasion (75 ±1 0),while miR-1 43 inhibitors promoted cell migration (51 0 ±1 4)and inva-sion (238 ±1 6),with statistical significances (F =470.99,P =0.000;F =90.04,P =0.000).Compared with NC (1 .00 ±0.00),miR-1 43 mimics down-regulated mRNA (relative expression level 0.22 ±0.08)and protein expression (relative expression level 0.46 ±0.08)of K-ras,whereas miR-1 43 inhibitors up-regulated mRNA (1 .55 ±0.1 2)and protein expression (1 .33 ±0.05)of K-ras (F =1 31 .36,P =0.000;F =88.1 7, P =0.000).Conclusion miR-1 43 functions as a tumor suppressor in esophageal cancer cell line ECA1 09, probably by down-regulating K-ras expression.

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