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1.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 614-620, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992864

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of deep learning radiomics model in the prediction of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) response in breast cancer based on ultrasound images at an early stage.Methods:Between January 2018 and June 2021, 218 patients with breast cancer who underwent NAC were enrolled in the retrospective study. All patients received a full cycle of NAC before surgery and underwent standard ultrasound examination before NAC and after the second cycles of NAC. Of all the patients, 166 patients came from institution 1 (the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University) were allocated into a primary cohort.Based on the architecture of Resnet 50 convolutional neural, a deep learning prediction model was built.Further validation was performed in an external testing cohort ( n=52) from institution 2 (General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command, PLA). The clinical model was constructed using independent clinical variables. To evaluate the predictive performance, areas under the curve (AUCs) of these models and two radiologists were compared by using the DeLong method. Results:The Resnet 50 model predicted the response of NAC with accuracy. The deep learning model, achieving an AUC of 0.923 (95% CI=0.884-0.962) in the primary cohort and an AUC of 0.896 (95% CI=0.807-0.980) in the test cohort, outperformed the clinical model and also performed better than two radiologists′ prediction (all P<0.05). Furthermore, the two radiologists achieved a better predictive efficacy (AUC 0.832 and 0.808 for radiologists 1 and 2, respectively) when assisted by the DL model (all P<0.01). Conclusions:The deep learning radiomics model is able to predict therapy response in the early-stage of NAC for breast cancer patients, which could guide clinicians and provide benefit for timely treatment strategy adjustment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 508-514, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effect of remnant cholesterol (RC) levels on carotid intima thickness (CIT) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by ultra-high frequency ultrasound.Methods:A total of 60 patients with T2DM who received treatment in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from May 2021 to July 2022 were prospectively recruited, and they were divided into a higher RC group (31 cases) and a lower RC group (29 cases) according to the RC levels. Thirty-one age, sex and body mass index(BMI)-matched healthy volunteers were selected as control group. Carotid CIT, carotid media thickness(CMT) and intima-media thickness(CIMT) were measured by 24 MHz ultra-high frequency ultrasound probe. The difference of general clinical data, laboratory indicators and CIMT, CIT, CMT among the three groups were compared, and the influencing factors of CIT in T2DM patients were explored by multivariate regression analysis.Results:①There were no statistical significances in gender, age, BMI, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and CMT among the three groups (all P>0.05). There were no statistical significances in duration of diabetes, fasting blood-glucose and glycated haemoglobin between the two subgroups of T2DM (all P>0.05). ②Compared with the control group, CIMT and CIT were thicker in the T2DM group (both P<0.05). ③CIT was thicker in the higher RC group than in the lower RC group ( P<0.05), while the difference of CIMT was not statistically significant the two groups ( P>0.05). ④Multivariate regression analysis showed that RC was the influence factor of CIT in patients with T2DM(β=0.610, P=0.005). Conclusions:CIT is significantly thicker in T2DM patients with higher RC than in those with lower RC, and RC is the influence factor of CIT, which suggests that more attention should be paid to the detection of RC in T2DM patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 87-92, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995702

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of NG-Test Carba5 for rapid detection of carbapenemases produced by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) strains. Methods:A total of 1 210 CRE strains were collected during 2018-2022 from 77 hospitals in 21 provinces of China and were subjected to NG-Test Carba5 for rapid detection of carbapenemase. The whole genome sequencing (WGS) analysis was referenced as the gold standard method.Results:Overall, the NG-Test Carba5 demonstrated excellent performance in detection of five kinds of carbapenemases [Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC), New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM), imipenemase metallo-β-lactamase (IMP), Verona integron-encoded metallo-beta-lactamase (VIM) and oxacillinase-48-type carbapenemases(OXA-48)] from CRE strains, with a sensitivity of 98.47% (1 161/1 179), specificity of 100% (31/31), and positive predictive value of 100% (1 161/1 161). The sensitivity for detection of NDM, IMP, OXA and VIM reached 100% (307/307), and 97.70% (763/781) for KPC. For 11 strains carrying blaKPC-25, blaKPC-78, or blaKPC-93, NG-Test Carba5 reported positive KPC detection (11/11). For strains carrying blaKPC-33 and blaKPC-77, however, NG-Test Carba5 delivered negative results. Additionally, for those strains co-producing two or three kinds of carbapenemases, NG-Test Carba5 was able to report all of the targets with a sensitivity of 100% (91/91). Conclusions:NG-Test Carba5 showed excellent performance in rapid and accurate detection of carbapenemases from CRE strains. Nonetheless, for those strains with negative results, some other phenotypic and genotypic methods should be implemented alongside to avoid missing targets.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 30-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status quo of disaster preparedness of nursing organization among newly recruited nurses in tertiary grade A hospitals of Zhengzhou city and analyze the influencing factors in order to provide theoretical basis for further improving the standardized training program for newly recruited nurses.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional survey. From December 2021 to March 2022, 964 newly recruited nurses from 4 tertiary grade A hospitals of Zhengzhou city were selected as the survey objects by convenient sampling method. The general information questionnaire and Hospital Nursing Department Disaster Preparedness Scale were used to conduct the questionnaire survey. Disordered multiple classification Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of disaster preparedness of hospital nursing organization.Results:The disaster preparedness score of nursing organization of newly recruited nurses was (37.62 ± 7.57) points. The results of disordered multiple classification Logistic regression showed that the factors influencing the disaster preparedness level of nursing organization of newly recruited nurses were whether they had participated in disaster rescue work and the degree of attention paid by nursing organizations to disaster rescue training (both P<0.05). Conclusions:The disaster preparedness of the nursing organization of newly recruited nurses in tertiary grade A hospitals of Zhengzhou city was at a medium level. Nursing managers should pay attention to the disaster preparedness of newly recruited nurses, develop their core abilities for disaster rescue according to their influencing factors, and incorporate disaster preparedness related contents on the basis of standardized training programs.

5.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 13-16, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004032

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore ways to recruit blood donors effectively, so as to ensure blood supply for hospitals in Shenzhen with good compliance with the requirements concerning COVID-19 prevention and control. 【Methods】 From January 31 to March 31, 2020, a recruiting vanguard lead by Party members aimed at "COVID-19 control, blood supply security" was established. Otherwise, the traditional recruiting (via telephone/SMS) and on-site(on the streets) recruiting were also enhanced. The effects of the above three recruitment methods during this period, relative to the same period in 2019, were counted and analyzed. 【Results】 A total of 19 752 blood donors were recruited, and more were recruited by on-site (15 643, 79.19%) than by telephone and SMS(4 109, 20.81%), as on-site recruitment was more persuasive than the traditional one. The success rates of telephone recruitment and SMS recruitment were 11.66% (2 034 / 17 448) and 3.92% (2 075/52 915), respectively, and both were significantly higher than that in the same period in 2019(7.55% and 2.36%) (P0.05). 【Conclusion】 In times of emergency, efficient recruiting method could be achieved by grouping a vanguard, conducting scientific measures, and carrying out effect evaluation. Besides, preference could be given to donors with local registered residence, middle-age (30~50 years old) and better educated background.

6.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 649-654, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986562

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of circular RNA hsa_circ_0001922 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of prostate cancer cell PC-3 and its underlying molecular mechanism. Methods qRT-PCR and RNA FISH were used to detect the expression level and localization of hsa_circ_0001922 in PC-3 cells respectively. After hsa_circ_0001922 was targeted inhibited, clone formation, Transwell assay and scratch assay were used to detect the proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of PC-3 cells. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of EMT pathway-related molecules after inhibiting hsa_circ_0001922. Results The expression of circular RNA hsa_circ_0001922 was increased in PC-3 cells (P < 0.01) and it existed in the cytoplasm and nucleus. The invasion, migration and invasion abilities were significantly weakened (P < 0.05) after inhibiting hsa_circ_0001922; the expression of E-cadherin mRNA increased (P < 0.05) while the mRNA level of Vimentin decreased (P < 0.05). The results of Western blot were consistent with the above (both P < 0.05). Conclusion The circular RNA hsa_circ_0001922 may promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of PC-3 cells through the EMT pathway.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 173-182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940810

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the syndrome and treatment rules of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) based on the medical literature and cases with the help of TCM inheritance support system platform (V2.5), thus providing new ideas for TCM to treat COPD. MethodThe medical cases of TCM treating COPD were retrieved from China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, and VIP China Science and Technology Journal Database. The medical cases that met the inclusion literature were collected in a new Word document, and then input into the TCM inheritance support system platform (V2.5) after data standardization. With the help of the algorithm carried by this software, the frequency statistics of "symptoms, syndrome types of TCM, Chinese medicine, and meridians of Chinese medicine" in the included COPD medical cases were performed, and the correlation analysis of the "prescription rules" in the included medical cases was carried out, thus excavating the potential core drug pairs and new prescriptions for the treatment of COPD. ResultA total of 103 articles were included with 126 medical cases and 131 diagnoses and treatments. According to statistics, the common symptoms of COPD were cough, expectoration, chest tightness, and asthma, and the common TCM syndromes included phlegm-heat obstructing lung, phlegm and blood stasis blocking lung, and lung-spleen Qi deficiency. The common TCM treatment methods included clearing heat and resolving phlegm, banking up earth to generate metal, and descending adverse and relieving dyspnea, among which the high-frequency Chinese medicines for the treatment of COPD were Pinelliae Rhizoma, Armeniacae Semen Amarum, Ephedrae Herba, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, and so on. The commonly used drug pairs included Asari Radix et Rhizoma-Pinelliae Rhizoma, Pinelliae Rhizoma-Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, etc. Twelve new prescriptions for the treatment of COPD were found. ConclusionTCM believes that COPD is a lung disease formed by external evil, phlegm, blood stasis, and other pathological factors, with cough, phlegm, and asthma as the main symptoms. The main syndromes of COPD are phlegm-heat obstructing lung, phlegm and blood stasis blocking lung, and lung-spleen qi deficiency. "Strengthening the upright and dispelling evil" is the basic principle of the treatment COPD. In clinical, TCM methods with dispelling phlegm and removing blood stasis, and tonifying lung, spleen, and kidney should be adopted to treat COPD.

8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 168-170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004625

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the recruitment of apheresis platelet donors from relatives and friends of hospital patients and explore the viability of this recruitment mode as the mutual donation was canceled. 【Methods】 The data of 1 025 successfully recruited apheresis platelet donors were selected, and the demographic characteristics in terms of blood donation times, age, gender and qualified blood donation were analyzed by SPSS.20 software. 【Results】 In the recruitment from relatives and friends of hospital patients, the donation rate of male donors(75.29%, 588/781) was higher than that of female donors(68.44%, 167/244), and higher in repeated donors (82.21%, 268/326)than that in first time donors (69.67%, 487/699), and it didn′t differ by age. The top three causes of donor deferral were WBC (4.17%, 43/1 025), ALT(3.84%, 39/1 025) and lipemic blood (3.04%, 31/1 025). The re-donation rate reached 7.8%(59/755). 【Conclusion】 Recruiting apheresis platelet donors from the relatives and friends of hospital patients, as a supplement to voluntary blood donation recruitment, is suitable for the recruitment of first time platelet donors.

9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 724-727, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004464

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the changes of parameters of thromboelastogram (TEG) detection in patients with cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage, and their correlation with routine coagulation indicators, and compare the two methods in detecting coagulation function and status in patients with cerebrovascular disease. 【Methods】 The detection data of 34 cases of cerebral infarction and 102 cases of cerebral hemorrhage, who underwent TEG and routine coagulation test in parallel, in Department of Neurosurgery of our hospital from January 1, 2018 to March 26, 2019 were collected. Fifty healthy subjects, who underwent TEG and routine coagulation tests in the same period, served as the control. The results of TEG and routine coagulation test of the 3 groups were compared and analyzed. 【Results】 Compared with cerebral hemorrhage (group) and the control, R value of cerebral infarction group decreased significantly, while the Angle angle, MA distance, CI value, Fib and D-D levels increased significantly(P<0.05); the K value, Fib, TT, and D-D of cerebral hemorrhage group increased significantly while Angle angle and MA distance decreased significantly compared with other two groups(P<0.05). The R value, K time (min), TT (s), D-D (mg/L), Angle angle (°), MA distance, CI value, and Fib (mmg/L) of cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage group were 5.06±1.71 vs 6.95±4.34, 1.19±0.68 vs 3.43±1.46, 13.89±1.05 vs 18.63±1.25, 1.93±0.25 vs 2.63±0.45, 69.34±10.37 vs 56.54±10.48, 68.34±9.37 vs 54.35±7.48, 2.20±0.31 vs 0.78±0.41, and 380±70.02 vs 354±71.56 (P<0.05). In cerebral infarction group, the R value, APTT, Angle angle, MA, and CI values were positively correlated with Fib (P<0.05); while K time was negatively correlated with Fib ; MA distance with PT/TT; CI value with PT/APTT(P<0.05). In the cerebral hemorrhage group, the R value was positively correlated with PT/APTT; K time with TT; Angle with Fib (P<0.05); R value/K time were negatively correlated with Fib; Angle with TT; CI value with PT (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 For patients with cerebrovascular disease, there is no correlation between TEG indicators and the D-D level of routine coagulation tests; the Angle angle of patients with cerebrovascular disease is positively correlated with the elevated Fib; and MA distance is more useful for diagnosing cerebral infarction than cerebral hemorrhage. TEG is complementary to routine coagulation test, and can be used as a laboratory index for assessing the severity of cerebrovascular disease.

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1388-1391, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003990

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the effects of platelets donation frequency on iron, copper, zinc content and superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity in plasma of blood donors. 【Methods】 128 apheresis platelet donors from August 25, 2020 to August 25, 2021 in our center were divided into 4 groups according to the frequency of platelet donation: first-time donors(n=30) were enrolled as group 1, and donors with 2 to 7 donations(n=23), 8 to 14 donations(n=29), 15 to 24 donations(n=46) within the previous period were group 2, group 3 and group 4. All these donors were males, with the average age of 42 ± 8.3, and had not donated whole blood in the past two years. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS) was used to detect the content of copper, iron and zinc in plasma of different groups of platelet donors. The SOD activity was detected by WST colorimetric kit. All data were statistically analyzed by SPSS 19.0 software. 【Results】 Significant differences in the content of iron and copper, but no in zinc, were noticed in donors of different groups(P0.05). There was no significant difference in zinc content between every two groups(P>0.05). The SOD inhibition rate of blood donors in different groups was not significantly different. 【Conclusion】 The content of plasma iron, copper, and zinc and the SOD activity were not significantly affected if platelet donations were less than 15 times within a year. For those donated platelets more than 15 times within a year, the content of iron was found to decrease and copper to increase. It is suggested that platelet donations more than 15 times is correlated with the content of iron and copper in plasma of blood donors. Therefore, the proportion of iron-rich food should be appropriately increased in the daily diet for high-frequency(≥15 times per year) apheresis platelet donors after blood donation.

11.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 423-433, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914652

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Sheep-induced pluripotent stem cells (siPSCs) have low reprogramming efficiency, thereby hampering their use in biotechnology and agriculture. Several studies have shown that some microRNAs play an important role in promoting somatic reprogramming in mouse and human. In this study, we investigated the effect of miR-200c-141 on somatic reprogramming in sheep and explored the mechanism of promoting the reprogramming. @*Methods@#and Results: The lentivirus system driven by tetracycline (TET)-on carrying Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc, Klf4, Nanog, Lin28, hTERT, and SV40LT (OSKMNLST) could reprogram sheep kidney cells into pluripotent cells. Overexpression of miR-200c-141 in combination with OSKMNLST could significantly improve the efficiency of sheep iPSC generation (p<0.01). Sheep iPSCs derived from miR-200c-141 showed embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like pluripotent properties, were positive for alkaline phosphatase and some pluripotent markers by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunofluorescence, and were able to differentiate into three germ layers in vitro. Oar-miR-200c was transfected into HEK293FT cells and was able to target the zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) 3’UTR using dual luciferase reporting analysis. Overexpression of oar-miR-200c in SKCs significantly reduced the expression of ZEB1, but increased the expression of E-cadherin by qRT-PCR and western blotting analysis. @*Conclusions@#These results suggest that miR-200c-141 can promote the reprogramming of sheep somatic cells to iPSCs, and oar-miR-200c targeted ZEB1 3’UTR, significantly decreased expression of ZEB1, and increased expression of E-cadherin. Oar-miR-200c may improve the MET process by affecting the TGF-β signaling pathway, thus improving the efficiency of somatic cell reprogramming in sheep.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 605-608, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of synthetic MRI methods in the differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions.Methods:Clinical and imaging data of 93 breast patients confirmed by pathology in the Second Affifiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from May 2019 to April 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent synthetic MRI technique, and the quantitative parameters of T 1, T 2, and proton density (PD) values were measured. Independent samples t-test and Wilcoxon test were used to compare the differences in clinical and imaging characteristics between the benign and malignant breast lesions. ROC curve was used for the comparison of the diagnostic efficacy of the quantitative parameters in differentiating malignant from benign breast lesions. Results:Of the 93 patients with breast lesions, 62 cases were malignant and 31 cases were benign. The quantitative T 2 values for benign and malignant lesions were 103 (93, 126)ms and 83 (77, 90)ms respectively, and the quantitative PD values were 87.7 (72.7, 96.7)pu and 73.5(63.3, 79.4)pu respectively. There were statistically significant differences between benign and malignant lesion( P<0.05). Taking quantitative T 2 values of 90.5 ms and PD values of 84.8 pu as the cut-off value, the area under the ROC curve in differentiating benign from malignant breast lesions were 0.87 and 0.75, accuracy values were 80.6% and 78.5%, specificity values were 87.1% and 54.8%, sensitivity values were 77.4% and 90.3% respectively. Conclusion:Synthetic MRI methods can be applied in the examination of breast lesions and has the potential to be an effective diagnostic method for the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant lesions of breast.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1039-1045, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the carotid artery elasticity in the first-degree relatives of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods:Ninety first-degree relatives of patients with type 2 diabetes who received treatment in the Department of Endocrinology of Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from October 2020 to June 2021 were randomly selected and designated as having a positive family history. Depending on the parental history of diabetes they were divided into three groups: 31 cases of family history positive in father (F), 31 cases of family history positive in mother (M) and 28 cases of family history positive in both father and mother (B). Thirty cases with matched age, height and weight without any history of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and coronary atherosclerotic heart disease in their parents designated as control group were taken for comparison. Real-time intima-media thickness (RIMT) and R-VQS were employed to evaluate common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), distance (Dist), diameter (Diam), hardness coefficient (HC) and pulse wave velocity (PWV). The differences among the groups were compared.Results:①There was no statistical significance in Diam among the four groups ( P>0.05). ②Compared with the control group, the IMT, PWV and HC in subjects with positive family history were increased, while Dist was decreased ( P<0.05). ③Paired comparison of the subjects with positive family history: the IMT, PWV and HC in B group were higher than in F and M group, and Dist was lower than in F and M group ( P<0.05). The PWV and HC in M group were higher than in F group, and Dist was lower than in F group ( P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in IMT between the F and M groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Carotid artery stiffness in the cases with positive family history is significantly higher than the control group. The decrease of carotid elasticity in B group is the most serious, M group takes the second place, while the F group is the least.

14.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1140-1146, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the intervention effect of acceptance commitment therapy on anxiety disorder.Methods:The full-text databases of Web of Science Core Collection, MEDLINE, KCI-Korean Journal Database, SciELO Citation Index, SpringerLink, Pubmed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI Wanfang and Weipu were searched and randomized controlled studies related to acceptance commitment therapy for patients with anxiety disorder were collected.All randomized controlled studies met the criterion were included.Meanwhile, the literature quality of the included literatures was evaluated.The outcome indicators such as anxiety index, psychological flexibility and quality of life index were selected, and RevMan 5.3 software was used to analyze the literature data that met the inclusion criteria.Results:A total of 12 studies with 1 062 patients were included, including 513 cases in ACT group and 549 cases in control group.Meta analysis showed that ACT can effectively reduce anxiety level of patients with anxiety disorder (MD=-0.58, 95% CI: -0.85- -0.32, P<0.001), anxiety level in follow-up period (MD=-0.42, 95% CI: -0.75- -0.08, P=0.01), improving psychological flexibility (MD=0.46, 95% CI: 0.24~0.68, P<0.001); In the study of CBT(cognitive behavioral therapy) as the control group, there was no significant difference between ACT group and control group, among which after intervention (MD =-0.06, 95% CI: -0.47- 0.36, P=0.79), follow-up period (MD = 0.17, 95% CI: -0.07-0.41, P=0.16) .In the study with the control group as the blank control, ACT can reduce the anxiety level of patients with anxiety disorder (MD =-0.76, 95% CI: -0.97- -0.56, P<0.001), and the difference is statistically significant.Excluding the non-blank control study, ACT can reduce the anxiety level of patients with anxiety disorder (MD =-0.82, 95% CI: -1.09--0.55, P<0.001) in the studies where the proportion of women is greater than or equal to 70%.In the study of 50%-70% females, ACT can reduce the anxiety level of patients with anxiety disorder (MD =-0.68, 95% CI: -1.09 --0.28, P=0.01). All the differences were statistically significant.There was no significant difference between ACT and the control group for quality of life(MD=0.24, 95% CI: -0.01-0.49, P=0.06). Conclusion:ACT has a certain effect on patients with anxiety disorder, which not only improves the anxiety level of patients, but also keeps the effect of anxiety improvement during the follow-up period, and the improvement of psychological flexibility has also been verified.The immediate and long-term efficacy of ACT is similar to that of CBT, which further improve the reliability of ACT curative effect.Gender difference has not been confirmed for the therapeutic effect.ACT has no obvious improvement on the quality of life, and the conclusion of this study needs more randomized controlled studies with large samples and high quality to verify it.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 882-885, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822529

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigats the specific changes of brain neuron oscillation in non-clinical high-trait anxiety college students by recording the resting state EEG of high and low trait anxiety subjects.@*Methods@#College students in a university were administered by using the S-TA Inventory, 27% of the number of people before and after the selection were divided into low-specific focus group (15) and high-trait anxiety group(15), based on the STAT score. After pre-processing, the data was divided into five frequency bands of δ(1-<4), θ(4-<8), α(8-<13), β(13-<30), γ(30-100)Hz and every electrode power value of those was calculated respectively. Correlation between power spectrum and trait anxiety scores was investigated.@*Results@#The high-trait anxiety group were in the frontal and central regions (t=3.47, 2.62) of the δ band, the frontal region (t=2.22) of the θ band, the frontal, central, right temporal, and posterior regions (t=2.77, 2.23, 3.65, 2.35) of the β band, the frontal, left temporal, central, right temporal, and posterior regions (t=2.83, 2.22, 2.64, 2.43, 2.09) of the γ band, than that in the low trait anxiety group. Furthermore, in central regions of the δ band; the frontal region of the θ band; the frontal, the central, and posterior regions of the β band; the frontal, left temporal, central, and posterior regions(r=-0.63, -0.51, -0.62, -0.53, -0.54, -0.59, -0.56, -0.55, -0.49) of the γ band, the correlation between trait anxiety scores and the power value were obvious negatively.@*Conclusion@#High trait anxiety college students have lower power spectrum than low trait anxiety college students. The degree of trait anxiety is related to the power spectrum. The changes of brain resting-state electrical signals in high-trait anxiety individuals may be related to the influence of trait anxiety on college students’ attention and working memory.

16.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 711-715, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870188

ABSTRACT

Objective:Mesenteric fat hypertrophy is present in about a quarter of Crohn′s disease (CD) patients and it can be easily detected by bowel ultrasound (US). The purpose of this research was to assess the correlation between mesenteric fat hypertrophy and behavior and activity of CD.Methods:A total of 89 CD patients who admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from August 2018 to November 2019 were recruited in this study. The total CD patients were divided into two groups depending on with or without mesenteric fat hypertrophy by US tests. Crohn′s disease activity index (CDAI), simplified endoscopic score for Crohn′s disease (SES-CD), serum inflammatory indicators and fecal calprotectin were assessed.Results:Mesenteric fat hypertrophy was significantly associated with stricturing behavior (B2, P<0.01). CDAI ( P=0.002) , blood platelet ( P=0.001) , C-reactive protein ( P=0.024) , fecal calprotectin ( P=0.004) and bowel wall thickness ( P<0.01) in patients with mesenteric fat hypertrophy were significantly higher than those without, but not the erythrocyte sedimentation rate ( P=0.110) and SES-CD ( P=0.115) . Serum albumin ( P=0.001) in patients with mesenteric fat hypertrophy was lower than that in patients without mesenteric fat hypertrophy. Conclusion:Mesenteric fat hypertrophy is correlated with intestinal stenosis and disease activity in patients with Crohn′s disease.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 83-86, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863868

ABSTRACT

According to the cause of hyperparathyriodism (HPT) , it can be divided into three types: primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) , secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and tertiary hyperparathyroidism (THPT) . THPT is a state of excessive autonomous excretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH) after longstanding SHPT. In the past, reports of THPT is relatively rare in domestic, which may be related to the understanding and experience of clinicians. With the increase of kidney transplant cases all over the word, the incidence rate has also gradually increased. Therefore, it is especially important to deepen the knowledge of THPT, standardize the medical treatment, and strictly control the indications for surgery.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 230-235, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investgate the application value of low-dose CT scanning in right adrenal vein imaging.Methods A total of 124 patients were enrolled in the study who were suspected as primary aldosteronism and requiring a contrast enhanced CT examination on adrenal glands.Four patients were excluded according to the exclusion criteria,so that the rest 120 patients were divided equally into three groups.Group A was a control group with conventional radiation dose using tube voltage of 120 kV and automatic mA.It was divided into A1,A2 and A3 groups according to arterial phase,portal venous phase and parenchymal phase.Group B was a experimental group with conventional tube voltage of 120 kV and automatic mA,which was divided into B1,B2 and n3 groups according to arterial phase,late arterial phase and portal venous phase.Group C was a low-dose experimental group with a tube voltage of 100 kV and a tube current of 150 mA only in the second phase,the remaining scanning parameters and method were the same as that of group B.The subjective scores of the images of groups A,B and C were statistically analyzed,and the CT values of the right adrenal vein(RAV),the right adrenal gland(RAG),and the fat of anterior abdominal wall at different scan phases were measured.The dose length products (DLP) were recorded and the signal-to-noise ratios (SNR),contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR),effective doses (E) of the three groups were calculated and compared.Results The subjective scores of the two observers were consistent (Kappa value =0.63);the subjective scores of the B2 images were statistically significant (H =7.18,P<0.05).Difference of subjective scores between B2 and A2was statistically significant (t=-18.03,P<0.05).The CT values of RAV,SNR,and CNR of the B2 group were higher than those of the A2 group (t=36.99,6.92,9.02,P<0.05).The radiation dose comparison showed that the effective dose (E) was 45.52% lower in the low-dose group than the conventional dose group with the statistically significant difference(t =12.19,P<0.05).Conclusions Using MDCT scanning technique with lower tube voltage and lower tube current of 100 kV-150 mA,the detection rate of right adrenal vein can reach 95% in the late arterial phase,and the effective dose can be reduced about 45.52% on the basis of ensuring image quality.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 657-660, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817069

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rationality of TLC identification method (3) of (R,S)-epigoitrin in Isatis indigotica stated in 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia (partⅠ) (later abbreviated as pharmacopeia), and make some improvements. METHODS: Three batches I. indigotica were collected and prepared into decoction pieces according to the processing method of I. indigotica in pharmacopoeia. TLC identification of (R,S)-goitrin in I. indigotica decoction piece and medicinal material were conducted according to identification method (3) in pharmacopeia (80% ethanol as solvent for sample treatment, ultrasound extraction); the rationality of pharmacopoeia method was investigated. Then the method was improved by changing the extraction solvent and pretreatment method (method one: using water as solvent, ultrasound extraction; method two: soaking in water for 1 h, then adding into methanol, ultrasound extraction; method three: the sample was wetted and then dried, using 80% methanol as solvent, ultrasound extraction) of samples, and the optimal method was verified. According to the optimal method, the TLC identification of (R,S)-goitrin was detected by using chromatographic plates from different manufacturers, under the conditions of low temperature and low humidity (7 ℃, relative humidity 48%) and high temperature and high humidity (35 ℃, relative humidity 75%) respectively,to investigate the durability of the method. RESULTS: According to the method of pharmacopeia, in the chromatograms of decoction pieces, the same color spots appeared at the corresponding chromatographic positions of reference substance, but no corresponding spots appeared in the medicinal material chromatograms. After the samples were treated by three improvement methods, in medicinal material chromatograms, the same color spots appeared in the corresponding chromatographic positions of reference substances. There were single chromatographic spot after medicinal materials were treated with method one, and there were more spots after medicinal materials were treated with method two and three, and method two consumed less time than method three. The results of validation tests and method durability tests  showed that after the treatment of I. indigotica and its decoction pieces according to method two, the same color spots appeared in the corresponding positions of the decoction pieces and the medicinal materials chromatograms as those of the control. CONCLUSIONS: The improved TLC identification method is effective, the chromatographic spots are clear, and the repeatability is good.

20.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 24-24, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772256

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory orofacial pain, in which substance P (SP) plays an important role, is closely related to the cross-talk between trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons and satellite glial cells (SGCs). SGC activation is emerging as the key mechanism underlying inflammatory pain through different signalling mechanisms, including glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) activation, phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathways, and cytokine upregulation. However, in the TG, the mechanism underlying SP-mediated orofacial pain generated by SGCs is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated whether SP is involved in inflammatory orofacial pain by upregulating interleukin (IL)-1β and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α from SGCs, and we explored whether MAPK signalling pathways mediate the pain process. In the present study, complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) was injected into the whisker pad of rats to induce an inflammatory model in vivo. SP was administered to SGC cultures in vitro to confirm the effect of SP. Facial expression analysis showed that pre-injection of L703,606 (an NK-1 receptor antagonist), U0126 (an inhibitor of MAPK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK] kinase [MEK] 1/2), and SB203580 (an inhibitor of P38) into the TG to induce targeted prevention of the activation of the NK-1 receptor and the phosphorylation of MAPKs significantly suppressed CFA-induced inflammatory allodynia. In addition, SP promoted SGC activation, which was proven by increased GFAP, p-MAPKs, IL-1β and TNF-α in SGCs under inflammatory conditions. Moreover, the increase in IL-1β and TNF-α was suppressed by L703, 606, U0126 and SB203580 in vivo and in vitro. These present findings suggested that SP, released from TG neurons, activated SGCs through the ERK1/2 and P38 pathways and promoted the production of IL-1β and TNF-α from SGCs, contributing to inflammatory orofacial pain associated with peripheral sensitization.

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