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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 464-467, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982266

ABSTRACT

Medical supply is a key resource for responding to public health emergencies and maintaining people's lives and health. As the medical equipment management department, the medical devices department is mainly responsible for the procurement, supply, technical support, management and coordination of medical equipment and medical consumables, playing an important role in epidemic prevention and control. Through the analysis of the expansion cases of designated hospitals, the experience of emergency management of medical equipment has been accumulated, which has strong practicability and replicability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Public Health , Emergencies , Hospitals , Epidemics
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 756-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981821

ABSTRACT

Epilepsies are a group of chronic neurological disorders characterized by spontaneous recurrent seizures caused by abnormal synchronous firing of neurons and transient brain dysfunction. The underlying mechanisms are complex and not yet fully understood. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, as a condition of excessive accumulation of unfolded and/or misfolded proteins in the ER lumen, has been considered as a pathophysiological mechanism of epilepsy in recent years. ER stress can enhance the protein processing capacity of the ER to restore protein homeostasis through unfolded protein response, which may inhibit protein translation and promote misfolded protein degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. However, persistent ER stress can also cause neuronal apoptosis and loss, which may aggravate the brain damage and epilepsy. This review has summarized the role of ER stress in the pathogenesis of genetic epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress/genetics , Unfolded Protein Response , Endoplasmic Reticulum/pathology , Apoptosis , Epilepsy/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 320-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics, pathogenesis and treatment strategy of congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus(CNDI)combined with hyperuricemia.Methods:The clinical manifestations and laboratory data of an infant patient diagnosed as CNDI with hyperuricemia and his family members were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Whole exome sequencing(WES)was applied to detect the proband′s genome variation of each exon and suspected variants of AVPR2 and ABCG2 were verified by PCR-Sanger sequencing of members from his pedigree. Furthermore, we retrospectively collected the serum uric acid levels of patients(≤14-year-old) with CNDI in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2015 to January 2022.Results:The proband was clinically diagnosed with CNDI and the rest of the family members had no symptoms of polydipsia or polyuria. In addition to the proband, his father was also suffered from hyperuricemia. WES showed that the proband carried a hemizygous AVPR2 gene variation(p.S331R)and a heterozygous ABCG2 gene variation(p.N308K). The former was X-linked recessive inheritance from his mother, and the latter was autosomal dominant inheritance from the father. Fraction excretion of uric acid(FEUA)of the proband and his father with hyperuricemia were 3.1% and 2.7%, respectively. Twelve children(≤14-year-old)were diagnosed with CNDI from the respective study. Among all the cases, 11 patients were male and 1 was female, ranging from 3-month to 14-year-old. Five patients were accompanied with hyperuricemia.Conclusion:Children with CNDI may be complicated with hyperuricemia, and the regimen of hydrochlorothiazide combined with benzbromarone is effective. The pathogenicity of the AVPR2 gene variation(p.S331R)and ABCG2 gene variation(p.N308K)in this pedigree needs to be further studied.

4.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 384-389, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933458

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the clinical impacts of chronic total occlusion (CTO) in acute non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods:A total of 2 271 acute NSTEMI patients underwent primary PCI from China Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry were enrolled in this study and divided into the CTO group and the non-CTO group according to the angiography. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality and mortality during a 2-year follow-up. The secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) including revascularization, death, re-myocardial infarction, heart failure readmission, stroke and major bleeding.Results:Thirteen-point four percent of the total acute NSTEMI patients had concurrent CTO. In-hospital mortality (3.6% vs. 1.4%, P<0.01) and 2-year mortality (9.0% vs. 5.1%, P<0.01) were significantly higher in the CTO group than those in the non-CTO group, respectively. Multiple regression analyses showed that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( HR 7.28, 95% CI 1.50-35.35, P=0.01) was an independent risk factor of in-hospital mortality, and advanced age ( HR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01-1.07, P<0.01), and low levels of ejection fraction ( HR 0.95, 95% CI 0.93-0.98, P<0.01) were independent risk factors of 2-year mortality. CTO ( HR1.67, 95% CI 1.10-2.54, P=0.02) was an independent risk factor of revascularization, but not a risk factor of mortality. Conclusions:Although acute NSTEMI patients concurrent with CTO had higher mortality, CTO was only an independent risk factor of revascularization, but not of mortality. Advanced age and low levels of ejection fraction were independent risk factors of long-term death among acute NSTEMI patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 330-334, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933410

ABSTRACT

The data of 10 patients with pituitary metastases were retrospectively analyzed, including tumor origin, clinical features, imaging characteristics, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. The results showed that the average age of 10 patients at the time of consultation was 62.0 years. Nine metastases were originated from lung cancer and one from breast cancer. All patients started with central diabetes insipidus, and some of them accompanied with hypopituitarism, as well as occupancy manifestations such as headache, blurred vision, etc. MRI showed abnormalities in the pituitary stalk and posterior pituitary, four of which showed characteristic " dumbbell-shaped" changes. Three patients with epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR)-mutated lung adenocarcinoma revealed improvement in both primary lesion and pituitary metastases after targeted therapy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 161-164, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933384

ABSTRACT

A case of familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia type 1 (FHH1) was reported detailing the course of diagnosis and treatment. The main clinical manifestations of the patient were recurrent pancreatitis with moderate hypercalcemia and low urinary calcium. The C→T heterozygous missense mutation at nucleotide 2 393 with conversion of codon Pro798 to Leu (p.P155L) in CaSR gene was identified. Serum calcium and parathyroid hormone levels of the patient were decreased significantly after treatment with cinacalcet.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 862-866, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910482

ABSTRACT

In recent years, increasing evidence has shown that hyperthermia is safe, effective and causes low toxicity. Hyperthermia can exert synergistic effect with other treatments, such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy. It has become an important adjuvant anti-tumor treatment secondary to surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and biological treatment. Hyperthermia can improve the efficacy of radiotherapy and chemotherapy by directly inhibiting tumor cells and heat-induced radiosensitizing effect. Hence, hyperthermia is gradually applied in the multimodality treatment of tumors. In this article, we intend to review the research progress on the application of tumor hyperthermia in conventional radiotherapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and new biomaterials.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 579-585, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine associations of sex hormone levels with bone turnover markers(BTMs) among men in the Northeast region of Henan Province.Methods:From December 2015 to March 2016, 707 male subjects were selected from a National Epidemiological Survey-2014(Thyroid Disorders, Iodine status and Diabetes, TIDE)research—Henan sub-center survey by using multistage stratified cluster random sampling. Fasting venous blood was collected to determine the levels of luteinizing hormone(LH), follicle stimulating hormone(FSH), estradiol(E 2), testosterone(T), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS), androstenedione(AD), sex hormone binding globulin(SHBG), dihydrotestosterone(DHT), free testosterone(FT), osteocalcin(OC), pro-collagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide(PINP), C-terminal-cross-linking telopeptide of type 1 collagen(β-CTX), 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], and parathyroid hormone(PTH). Results:A total of 697 men with an average age of(46.6±15.9)years were included in the study. Pearson correlation analysis showed that age was positively associated with LH, FSH, T, and SHBG, while negatively associated with E 2, DHEAS, AD, FT, β-CTX, OC, and PINP, without significant correlation with DHT, 25(OH)D, and PTH. Pearson correlation analysis and linear regression analysis showed that E 2 was negatively associated with β-CTX; T was positively associated with OC, FSH was negatively associated with OC; LH, FSH, and SHBG were negatively associated with PINP; E 2, T, FT, DHT, and AD were positively associated with PINP. After adjusting for age and BMI, linear regression analysis showed that T was still significantly positively associated with OC and PINP, with 0.302 ng/ml and 0.015 ng/ml increasing for OC and PINP every 1 ng/ml increase in T; E 2 and DHT were positively associated with PINP, with 0.250 and 0.047 ng/ml increasing for PINP every 1 pg/ml increase in E 2 and DHT. Conclusions:Age is an important factor influencing sex hormones and BTMs. Serum levels of T, E 2, and DHT are associated with bone formation and bone absorption markers.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 331-337, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824184

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of nutritional risk (NRS2002) and malnutrition inhospitalized stroke patient and their nutritional intervention. Methods The stroke patients admitted to three de-partments of vascular neurology ward including cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction and subarachnoid hemor-rhage in Beijing Tiantan Hospital from January 2018 to January 2019 were recruited using cluster sampling. Nutri-tional risk screening 2002 ( NRS 2002) was used to screen the nutritional risk of inpatients Malnutrition was as-sessed by criteria:(1) body mass index (BMI) <18. 5 kg/m2 with poorer general condition from January 2018 to January 2019;(2) Global leadership initiative on malnutrition ( GLIM) criteria were used except whole body muscle mass measurement from October 2018 to January 2019. The nutritional intervention for patients were closely observed during hospitalization. Results A total of 1532 patients were registered and1036 patients were included in the final analysis considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The prevalence of nutritional risk was 33. 0% ( 342/1036) . The prevalence of malnutrition based on BMI and GLIM criteria was 0. 9%( 9/1036) and 2. 5% (10/393) respectively. Among the 342 patients with nutritional risk, 112 patients received nutritional support therapy by tube feeding, but only 29 patients received nutritional support that met guideline standards. 81 patients received not standard nutritional support, and 2 patients received highly unregulated nutritional sup-port. No patients received sugar and electrolyte infusion, oral nutritional supplements ( ONS) , oral nutritional a-gents and compound nutrition intervention. The other 230 patients took hospital diet. Conclusion The prevalence of nutritional risk in hospitalized patients with cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction or subarachnoid hemorrhage was high, and the prevalence of malnutrition was extremely low. There was a low proportion of nutri-tional support. High quality of large sample cohort studies will be conducted to show whether reasonable applica-tion of nutritional support therapy in patients with nutritional risk can improve patient outcome.

10.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 673-679, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797396

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations with sex hormone levels and cardiovascular risk factors.@*Methods@#A total of 697 male subjects were obtained from the thyroid disorders, lodine status and diabetes: a national epidemiological survey-2014 (TIDE) research--Henan sub-center survey through multistage stratified cluster random sampling from December 2015 to March 2016. The associations between 25(OH)D and sex hormones or cardiovascular risk factors were analyzed by linear regression analyses.@*Results@#The age of the subjects was (46.6±15.9) years (19-85 years). Proportions of vitamin D deficient, vitamin D intermediate and vitamin D optimal were 9.3%, 13.1% and 77.6%, respectively. More subjects with vitamin D deficient were in urban area than in rural area (13.3% vs. 5.7%, P=0.001). After fully adjusting for age, residence area, economic status, education, body mass index, waist circumference, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), hypertension, diabetes, triglyceride, high-density lipoproteincholesterol, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and uric acid, linear regression analyses showed that every 25 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D levels increased lg FT(FT=free testosterone) by 0.013ng/L (β=0.013, P=0.036), lg DHT (DHT=dihydrotestosterone) by 0.030 ng/L (β=0.030, P=0.019), and lg AD (AD=androstenedione) by 0.019 μg/L (β=0.019, P=0.008). After fully adjusting for age, residence area, economic status and education, every 25 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D levels lowered glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) by 0.051% (β=-0.051, P=0.027).@*Conclusions@#Higher 25(OH)D concentrations in men were associated with higher FT, DHT, AD and lower HbA1c levels.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 297-304, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810562

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic value of the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) and global registry of acute coronary events (GRACE) risk scores for in-hospital mortality in Chinese non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients.@*Methods@#Data of present study derived from the prospective, multi-center registry trial of Chinese AMI (CAMI). Among 31 provinces, municipalities or autonomous districts in China, at least one tertiary and secondary hospital was selected. From January 2013 to September 2014, 5 896 consecutive non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients who were admitted to 107 hospitals within 7 days of symptom onset were enrolled. For each patient, TIMI and GRACE risk scores were calculated using specific variables collected at admission. Their prognostic value was evaluated by the endpoint of in-hospital mortality.@*Results@#Among 5 896 NSTEMI patients (age was (65.4±12.1) years old), 68.2% (n=4 020) were males. The in-hospital mortality was 6.0% (n=353) and the median length of hospital stay was 10.0 (7.0, 13.0) days. The incidence of pre-hospital cardiac arrest was 3.6% (n=213) among 5 896 NSTEMI patients. Six hundreds and forty five patients (10.9%) received primary percutaneous coronary intervention, and 6 patients underwent emergent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (0.1%), and the median time of reperfusion was 529.5 (256.0, 1 065.0) minutes. The prescription percentage of statins, β-blocker, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin Ⅱ receptor blockers, and aldosterone antagonists were 94.8% (n=5 587), 71.7% (n=4 228), 65.5% (n=3 864) and 26.0% (n=1 533) respectively. The area under the curve of GRACE risk score for in-hospital mortality (0.7930 (95%CI 0.767-0.818)) was better than that of TIMI risk score (0.5588 (95%CI 0.532-0.586), P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#GRACE risk score demonstrates better predictive accuracy than TIMI risk score for in-hospital mortality in NSTEMI patients in this patient cohort.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 229-232, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756526

ABSTRACT

Objective Clinical research is a critical procedure for the development of medicine.Reliability of the clinical research finding is determined by the quality of study design and analysis courses.It will also further impact the guideline development and clinical practice.This study was focus on the evaluation of clinical research quality during its whole process.Methods Subjects of this study were the clinical summary reports from a government funded project which were submitted in 2016.Standardized data collecting form had been used to capture the key features regarding to the quality of study design and data analysis.After the review of data accuracy,descriptive analysis had been carried to interpret the observed findings both for design and analysis aspects.Results There were 67 project summary reports included in our analysis.The top three investigated therapeutic areas were oncology,cardiovascular/cerebrovascular diseases and orthopedics (19.4 %,11.9 % and 11.9 %).Most of studies fulfilled the evaluation criteria according to their original plan.94 % studies were strictly compliance with the original protocol with no interim amendment.Meanwhile,the report on sample size determination and appropriate use of multi-variable analysis should be improved.Conclusions Usually,clinical research program can fulfill the evaluate goal according to funding requirements.But the methodology quality should be paid more attention.It is highly suggested to cooperate with the professional statistical team and do continuous improvement effort to enhance the validity of study findings.

13.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 673-679, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755759

ABSTRACT

To examine associations of 25?hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations with sex hormone levels and cardiovascular risk factors. Methods A total of 697 male subjects were obtained from the thyroid disorders, lodine status and diabetes: a national epidemiological survey?2014 (TIDE) research??Henan sub?center survey through multistage stratified cluster random sampling from December 2015 to March 2016. The associations between 25(OH)D and sex hormones or cardiovascular risk factors were analyzed by linear regression analyses. Results The age of the subjects was (46.6 ± 15.9) years (19?85 years). Proportions of vitamin D deficient, vitamin D intermediate and vitamin D optimal were 9.3%, 13.1% and 77.6%, respectively. More subjects with vitamin D deficient were in urban area than in rural area (13.3% vs. 5.7%, P=0.001). After fully adjusting for age, residence area, economic status, education, body mass index, waist circumference, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA?IR), hypertension, diabetes, triglyceride, high?density lipoproteincholesterol, total cholesterol, low?density lipoprotein cholesterol and uric acid, linear regression analyses showed that every 25 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D levels increased lg FT(FT=free testosterone) by 0.013ng/L (β=0.013, P=0.036), lg DHT (DHT=dihydrotestosterone) by 0.030 ng/L (β=0.030, P=0.019), and lg AD (AD=androstenedione) by 0.019 μg/L (β=0.019, P=0.008). After fully adjusting for age, residence area, economic status and education, every 25 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D levels lowered glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) by 0.051% (β=-0.051, P=0.027). Conclusions Higher 25(OH)D concentrations in men were associated with higher FT, DHT, AD and lower HbA1c levels.

14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 805-814, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772360

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is one of the highest morbidity and mortality in the world and it is very important to find an effective anti-tumor method. Microwave hyperthermia, a new treatment technology, has been getting more and more attention. This study was designed to investigate the effects of microwave hyperthermia combined with gemcitabine on the proliferation and apoptosis of human lung squamous cell carcinoma (NCI-H1703 and NCI-H2170) in vitro.@*METHODS@#The proliferation of cells treated with microwave hyperthermia, the effect of gemcitabine on cell proliferation and the proliferation of cells treated with different methods of microwave hyperthermia and gemcitabine were detected by CCK-8 assay. Colony formation assay was used to measure the colony formation of human lung squamous cell carcinoma cells. Flow cytometry assay was used to detect the total apoptosis rates of the treated cells. Caspase-3, Caspase-8 activity assay was used to detect the activity of Caspase-3, Caspase-8 enzyme in each group of cells. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of control group, AC-DEVD (Caspase-3 inhibitor) group, thermalization combined group, and thermal AC-DEVD combined group on cell proliferation. The levels of p53, Caspase-3, Cleaved-Caspase-3, PARP, Bax and BCL-2 protein expression were detected using Western blot assay.@*RESULTS@#Our results demonstrated that microwave hyperthermia inhibited the proliferation of lung squamous cell carcinoma. The IC₅₀ values of gemcitabine for the two cells were 8.89 μmol/L and 44.18 μmol/L, respectively. The first chemotherapy after microwave hyperthermia has synergistic effect on the two lung squamous cell carcinoma cells and can significantly inhibit the cell clone formation (P0.05). Furthermore, Western blot analysis showed that microwave hyperthermia combined with gemcitabine could up-regulate the p53, Caspase-3, Cleaved-Caspase-3, Cleaved-PARP and Bax protein expression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Microwave hyperthermia combined with gemcitabine remarkably inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of human lung squamous cell carcinoma in vitro. This effect may be associated with the activation of p53, cleavage of PARP protein, and induced the Caspase-3 dependent apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Radiation Effects , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Pathology , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Radiation Effects , Combined Modality Therapy , Deoxycytidine , Pharmacology , Hyperthermia, Induced , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Microwaves
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 416-424, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735074

ABSTRACT

Objective Fuwai Spider Track Map (FSTM) is a scientific performance appraisal system established by the scientific research department of Fuwai Hospital.This study aimed to apply FSTM to the ranking and evaluation of scientific and technological influence and competitiveness of tertiary hospitals in China,comparison also conducted with othertraditional systems.Methods Tertiary hospitals consecutively selected as the national top 100 tertiary hospitals for 4 years from 2014 to 2017,according to the scientific and technological influence ranking list published in the official website of the Institute of Medical Information of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,were included.Total score,number of hospital staff and beds of these hospitals,accessed from the official website,were taking into account as reference data.Re-evaluation and ranking using FSTM was performed to evaluate and rank the scientific and technological influence and competitiveness.Besides,comparison analysis with traditional methods was conducted to identify the differences and similarities,advantages and disadvantages.Results The total quantity index and the per capita index represent the total research productivity and effectiveness,in other words,scientific and technological influence and competitiveness,respectively.The FSTM may integrate both indexes and avoid the disadvantages of single dimension evaluation.Conclusions Unlike the static results of traditional system,as a 3-dimentional method,FSTM may not only perform comprehensive but also evaluation of type,stratification and classification.It makes the hospitals in same type more comparable and provides multiple references for decision makers bv offering guidance and reference for the evaluation objects.

16.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 436-442, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711947

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influencing factors on clinical response to conbercept for diabetic maeular edema (DME).Methods A total of 51 patients (51 eyes) with DME who underwent intravitreal injection of conbercept were included in this retrospective study.The general information (age,sex,body mass index,smoking history,drinking history),blood glucose indicators (duration of diabetes,fasting blood glucose,HbA 1 c),blood pressure indicators (history of hypertension,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure),lipid indicators [total cholesterol (TC),high-density lipoprotein (HDL),apolipoprotein A (APOA)],biochemical indicators [neutrophil concentration,hemoglobin (HB),serum creatinine (Scr)] were collected.The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and macular central macular thickness (CMT) before and after treatment were comparatively analyzed.CMT reduced not less than 20% and BCVA increased by 2 lines as effective standards.Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to determine the factors affecting the efficacy ofintravitreal injection ofconbercept in patients with DME.Results Univariate analysis showed that diastolic blood pressure,HDL,serum neutrophil concentration,baseline CMT and baseline BCVA were associated with edema regression (P< 0.05);HbA 1 c was associated with vision improvement (P< 0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was a history of smoking (OR=0.122,95% CI 0.017-0.887),low diastolic blood pressure (OR=0.850,95%CI 0.748-0.966),low HDL (OR=0.007,95%CI 0.000 1-0.440),thin baseline CMT (OR=0.986,95%CI 0.977-0.995) were independent risk factors for failure outcome of edema regression (P<0.05);long duration of diabetes (OR=1.191,95%CI 1.011-1.404),high APOA (OR=l.007,95% CI 1.000-1.013) were independent risk factors for failure outcome of vision improvement.Age,fasting blood glucose,systolic blood pressure,TC,HB,Scr and other indicators had no effect on the efficacy of edema regression and vision improvement after treatment (P> 0.05).Conclusions Smoking history,long duration of diabetes,low diastolic blood pressure,low HDL level,high APOA level and thin baseline CMT are independent risk factors for the treatment of DME with intravitreal injection of conbercept.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 362-370, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709950

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms ( SNPs) of FOXO1 gene and type 2 diabetic nephropathy(T2DN). Methods A total of 654 Chinese Han patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM;394 without and 260 with T2DN) were enrolled. Six FOXO1 gene tags SNPs were selected using the Hapmap database. The genotypes of six SNPs in FOXO1 were determined by PCR-RFLP, and the clinical characteristics of the subjects were also evaluated. The interaction of SNPs with these clinical factors was analyzed by multiple factor reduction(MDR) method. Results After adjusting for age, gender, DM course, body mass index ( BMI ) , HbA1C , total cholesterol ( TC ) , triglycerides ( TG ) , high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ( HDL-C ) , low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ( LDL-C ) , hypertension history, DM family history, smoking, and drinking, FOXO1 rs17446614 variant genotype was significantly associated with an increased risk of T2DN, while rs17446593 variant genotype was associated with a decreased T2DN risk. In the stratified analysis of risk factors, the correlation between rs17446614 and T2DN was unrelated with patient' s gender, hypertension history, and blood TC level. Simultaneously, rs17446614 variant genotype significantly increased the risk of T2DN in people older than 60 years,BMI less than 24 kg/m2 , LDL-C less than or equal to 3. 5 mmol/L , or DM family history. rs2721068 variant genotype significantly decreased the risk of T2DN in people less than 60 years old or without DM family history. rs2951787 variant genotype significantly increased the risk of T2DN in people with DM duration longer than 10 years or with DM family history. A variant genotype rs17592236 significantly increased the risk of T2DN in male or TC higher than 5 mmol/L. A variant genotype rs17446593 significantly decreased the risk of T2DN in male or those DM duration longer than 10 years, or BMI≥24 kg/m2 . The interactions among rs17446614, DM duration, TC, and hypertension history were also observed. Conclusion The genetic variants rs17446614, rs2721068, rs2951787, rs17592236, and rs17446593 in FoxO1 may contribute to the risk of T2DN in T2DM patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 273-277,281, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611079

ABSTRACT

Objective The ‘Spider Track Map (Fuwai)’is an innovative tool for comprehensive evaluation of scientific research performance.It was developed jointly by the Science & Research de partment and Medical Research & Biometrics Center in Fuwai Hospital.This tool aims to evaluate the development of scientific performances in 3 consecutive years of targeted departments,which will be considered to assess the technological competitiveness of each department.Methods The key variables were the number of projects,funding,awards,publications and patents during the last three years.After standardization,the weighted sum of those variables was calculated.Then the ‘Spider Track Map (Fuwai) ’ could be generated and the evaluation conclusion would be obtained after stratification.Results The ‘Spider Track Map (Fuwai)’ method had been used to evaluate the scientific research performance in 2015.The excellent research departments had been successfully elected and rewarded.Conclusions Beside the excellent department election,the method can also identify different feature of performance including improved,retrogressive,high efficiency or no changes.This multidimensional tool provides the reference to administrators for scientific commendation and reward and also the guid ing and alerting for specific department.

19.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 52-59, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508274

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the affinity and interaction of a folate receptor targeted rhapontion(RHA)conjugate (FRHA)with human serum albumins(HSA). Method The interaction between FRHA and HSA under physiological conditions was investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy,UV-visual(vis)spectroscopy and circular dichroism(CD)spectroscopy. Great attempts were made to investigate their interaction mechanism regarding the quenching mechanism,the specific binding site,the type of inter-action force,and the effect of FRHA on the micro-environmental and conformational changes in HSA molecules. Results The forma-tion of the complex of FRHA-HSA would lead to fluorescence quenching. The corresponding values of Ka were 1.4322 × 105,1.1793 × 105,0.9334 × 105 and 0.7896 × 105 L/mol when the temperature were 298,302,306,and 310 K,respectively. The enthalpy change (ΔH)and entropy change(ΔS)were calculated to be-38.772 kJ/mol and-31.39 J/(mol·K),indicating that van der Waals force and hydrogen bonds played major roles in stabilizing the complex. Conclusion The interaction process of the formation of FRHA-HSA is spontaneous. The negative values of enthalpy change(ΔH)and entropy change(ΔS)indicate that van der Waals force and hydrogen bonds play major roles in stabilizing the complex. The conformational investigation reveals theα-helical structure is decreased and the microenvironment of HSA is changed upon the addition of FRHA. The fluorescence quenching of HSA caused by FRHA is static quenching. Furthermore,the results of site marker competitive experiment suggest that FRHA binds to the sub-domainⅡA of HSA.

20.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 12-16, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508048

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate reperfusion and secondary preventive drug therapy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients in provincial, city and county levels hospitals of China. Methods:A total of 18,967 STEMI patients within 7 days of symptom onset from 2013-01-01 to 2014-09-30 were enrolled by China acute myocardial infarction (CAMI) registry study group from 107 hospitals covering 31 provinces/autonomous regions, cities and counties in China;223 patients were excluded for key information missing. Demographic data, reperfusion as primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI), thrombolytic therapy (TT) and secondary preventive drug therapy as aspirin, P2Y12 inhibitors, statins,β-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor antagonist (ARB) were analyzed and compared among 3 levels of hospitals. Results:There were 9,885/18,744 (52.7%) patients received reperfusion including 8,038 (42.9%) pPCI and 1,847 (9.9%) TT. Reperfusion rate in provincial hospital (61.8%, 4041/6537) was higher than city hospital (49.1%, 4728/9625) and county hospital (43.2%, 1116/2582), P Conclusion:In CAMI Registry, 70.8%arrived hospital within12 h of symptom onset had been treated by reperfusion therapy in China; the reperfusion rate in county hospital was obviously lower. The secondary preventive drug therapy condition was similar among 3 levels of hospitals.

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