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1.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 747-750, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016060

ABSTRACT

Galectin⁃3 is an endogenous lectin with extensive immunomodulatory effects, and plays an important role in inflammatory response, autoimmunity and tumorigenesis. However, the expression of galectin⁃3 in ulcerative colitis (UC) and its relationship with disease activity of UC are unclear. Aims: To detect the expression of galectin⁃3 in colon tissue and serum in UC patients, and explore the relationship between galectin⁃3 and disease activity. Methods: Thirty⁃ three patients with UC diagnosed and treated from March 2019 to December 2019 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were recruited, and 20 paracancerous normal tissue of colon cancer patients were served as controls. The expression of galectin ⁃ 3 in colon tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry SABC. Serum samples of 24 UC patients and 20 healthy controls were collected. Serum level of galectin⁃3 was detected by ELISA. Results: The positive expression rate of galectin⁃3 in colon tissue in UC patients was significantly lower than that in paracancerous normal tissue, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The positive expression rate in mild UC patients was higher than that in moderate to severe UC patients, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The positive expression rate in remission stage was higher than that in active stage, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Serum galectin⁃3 level in UC patients was higher than that in healthy control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Serum galectin ⁃ 3 level in moderate to severe UC patients was higher than that in mild UC group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Serum galectin ⁃ 3 level in active UC patients was higher than that in remission UC patients, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions: In UC patients, the expression of galectin⁃3 in colon tissue and serum are dysregulated, and the expression of galectin⁃3 in colon tissue is decreased, especially in moderate to severe UC, while the serum galectin⁃3 level is opposite to the tissue expression.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 658-662, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912159

ABSTRACT

Data of 55 cases of gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms (G-NENS) with diameter ≤12 mm in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2014 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the methods of endoscopic resection, the patients were divided into two groups: the endoscopic mucosal resection with a cap (EMR-C) group (35 cases) and the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) group (20 cases). The results showed that the success rates of operation, the whole resection rates and the complete resection rates were all 100.0% in the two groups. Compared with the ESD group, the EMR-C group had a shorter median operation time (12.00 min VS 28.35 min, P<0.001), less mean hospitalization costs (21 165.19 yuan VS 28 400.35 yuan, P=0.004), and a similar overall incidence of complications [2.86% (1/35) VS 0, P=1.000]. By March 2020, the recurrence rate of EMR-C group and ESD group were 28.6% (10/35) and 15.0% (3/20), respectively, without significant difference ( P=0.418). It is suggested that for G-NENS with diameter ≤12 mm, without muscular invasion, lymph node metastasis or distant metastasis, EMR-C and ESD are both safe and effective, but EMR-C has more advantages in terms of operation time and hospitalization costs.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 553-557, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of anti-reflux mucosectomy (ARMS) and endoscopic cardial constriction ligation (ECCL) on treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on the data of 48 consecutive patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, who underwent ARMS or ECCL at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from December 2015 to August 2018. Twenty cases were in the ARMS group and 28 cases in the ECCL group. The short-term and long-term efficacies were compared between the two groups.Results:The success rate of operation was 100.0% in the both groups. The operation time of the ECCL group was significantly shorter than that of the ARMS group (8.43±1.59 min VS 34.05±12.35 min, t=-9.227, P<0.001). After 2 months follow-up, the symptom improvement rate of the ECCL group and the ARMS group was 89.3% (25/28) and 60.0% (12/20), respectively ( χ2=4.128, P=0.042). The GERD Q score of the ECCL group was significantly lower than that of the ARMS group (6.24 ±1.22 VS 7.35±1.79, t=-2.400, P=0.023). One year after operation, there were no significant differences in the symptom improvement rate, GERD Q score, DeMeester score and the time percentage of pH<4 between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The long-term clinical effect of ARMS and ECCL is similar, but the short-term clinical effect of ECCL is superior to ARMS.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 682-685, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797797

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the efficacy and safety of the endoscopic anti-reflux mucosectomy for gastroesophageal reflux disease.@*Methods@#Data of 18 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease who underwent endoscopic anti-reflux mucosectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of ZhengZhou University from December 2015 to July 2018 were retrospectively studied. The therapeutic effects (improvement of heartburn and reflux symptoms, 24 h esophageal pH monitoring) and complications were analyzed.@*Results@#Anti-reflux mucosectomy was performed successfully in all patients with successful rate of 100%. ESD was performed in 8 cases and EMR in 10 cases.24 h esophageal pH monitoring results showed that the Demeester score, the time percentage of pH < 4, total reflux events and reflux times of pH < 4 with time longer than 5 minutes after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment (20.16±9.12 VS 74.16±20.03, (2.70±0.88)% VS (6.42±1.37)%, 43.78±19.68 VS 156.56±41.22, 2.89±1.68 VS 9.89±2.95, all P<0.05). No bleeding, perforation or infection was observed after the procedure. During a follow-up period of 3-34 months, symptom relief rate was 89% (16/18). A tightened cardiac was noted in 18 cases and recovery of mucosal damage was found in 16 patients.@*Conclusion@#Anti-reflux mucosectomy is safe, effective and easy to operate for gastroesophageal reflux disease.

5.
Chinese Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 92-95, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742798

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To identify the mental state of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD) patients by analyzing anxiety scale and depression scale. METHODS The LPRD patients who received treatment in Fuzhou General Hospital were studied. The healthy volunteers were recruited as control group. Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to get the individual scores. Mental states of LPRD patients were finally studied through statistical analysis. RESULTS The scores of anxiety and depression in patients with LPRD were significantly higher than those in control group (anxiety score 50.59±7.24 vs 38.76±7.70, depression score 52.90±7.14 vs 40.63±8.17). The incidence of anxiety and depression in patients with LPRD were significantly higher than that in control group (anxiety rate 56.68% vs 9.80%, depression rate 50.98% vs 11.76%). Significant association was detected between ref lux symptom index score and anxiety or depression score in patients with LPRD(r =0.786, r =0.736, P <0.05). Significant association between LPRD and anxiety and depression were concluded. CONCLUSION The results showed that the patients with LPRD are more prone to be anxiety and depression mental state than healthy control group, and the severity of LPRD symptoms is significantly correlated with the anxiety and depression. This suggests that the patient's mental state should also be emphasized as well as antacids treatment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 682-685, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792060

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of the endoscopic anti-reflux mucosectomy for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Methods Data of 18 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease who underwent endoscopic anti-reflux mucosectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of ZhengZhou University from December 2015 to July 2018 were retrospectively studied. The therapeutic effects ( improvement of heartburn and reflux symptoms, 24 h esophageal pH monitoring) and complications were analyzed. Results Anti-reflux mucosectomy was performed successfully in all patients with successful rate of 100%. ESD was performed in 8 cases and EMR in 10 cases. 24 h esophageal pH monitoring results showed that the Demeester score, the time percentage of pH < 4, total reflux events and reflux times of pH < 4 with time longer than 5 minutes after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment (20. 16±9. 12 VS 74. 16±20. 03, (2. 70±0. 88)% VS (6. 42±1. 37)%, 43. 78±19. 68 VS 156. 56±41. 22, 2. 89±1. 68 VS 9. 89±2. 95, all P<0. 05) . No bleeding, perforation or infection was observed after the procedure. During a follow-up period of 3-34 months, symptom relief rate was 89% (16/18). A tightened cardiac was noted in 18 cases and recovery of mucosal damage was found in 16 patients. Conclusion Anti-reflux mucosectomy is safe, effective and easy to operate for gastroesophageal reflux disease.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 327-331, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711522

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the long-term efficacy and complications of peroral endoscopic circular myotomy and full-thickness myotomy for patients with achalasia of cardia. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 53 patients with achalasia of cardia, who underwent peroral endoscopic myotomy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2012 to December 2014 and were followed-up regularly.Twenty-one patients underwent circular myotomy, and the other 32 patients underwent full-thickness myotomy. The postoperative long-term efficacy and gastroesophageal reflux complications of the two groups were compared. Results The effective rate of the circular myotomy group and the full-thickness myotomy group was 90. 5%( 19/21) and 100. 0%( 32/32), respectively ( P= 0. 152). There were no significant differences between the two groups on postoperative Eckardt scores, lower esophageal sphincter pressure and 4 s integrated relaxation pressure ( P > 0. 05 ). The incidence of clinically relevant gastroesophageal reflux of full-thickness myotomy group was higher than that of circular myotomy group (40. 6% VS 14. 3%, χ2=4. 174, P=0. 041). Conclusion The long-term efficacy of circular myotomy is similar to that of full-thickness myotomy, but the incidence of clinically relevant gastroesophageal reflux is higher in full-thickness myotomy.

8.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12): 85-89, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700897

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate that brucein D (BD) possesses potent anti-colon cancer activity by inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis in colon adenocarcinoma cell.Methods After human colon cancer cell line PANC-1 was treated with BD (0,5,10,20,30,80)μmol/L for 24,48,72h,the cell proliferation was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8)assay.The apoptosis of colon cancer cells was detected using Annexin V-FITC/PI.The protein expressions of JNK and p-JNK were detected using Western blot.Results After human colon cancer cell line PANC-1 was treated with BD for 24,48,72h,the cell survival rates decreased lower and apoptosis rate increased in concentration-and time-dependent manners.AS the concentration of BD got higher or the time got longer,the protein expression of JNK was down-regulated and that of p-JNK up-regulated significantly.In vivo,with the prolonged administration,the mean volume of xenograft tumor grew slowly.The protein expression of JNK was down-regulated and that of p-JNK up-regulated significantly in colon xenograft tumors cells.Conclusion With the increase of time and BD's concentration,the survival rates of colon cancer HT29 cells could be lower.Instead,the apoptosis rate has increased in a concentration-time-dependent manners.

9.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 623-626, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of the BPPV precision manipulation treatment. Method:With 3D SLICER software we segment structure such as semicircular canal, eye ball, orbital and ear rod from MRI or CT volume data of patients which underwent MRI or CT scaning of inner ear, for measuring the spatial direction of semicircular canals and building semicircular canal modules with standard space coordinate system and embedding into 3D PDF files. Result:With the slice that divide the semicircular canal equally as the semicircular canal plane and the eyeball as reference object to determine whether it is symmetric, it is not only intuitive but also reliable for measuring the angle between the posterior semicircular canal. 3D PDF is intuitive, rotation angle can be adjusted according to the individual differences in the process of manipulation treatment, to observe and demonstrate the theoretical reduction effect before the actual operation. Conclusion:By reconstruction the three-dimensional semicircular canal structure from the inner ear image data of patients and measurement of the semicircular canal space direction, it is of a certain significance for BPPV precision manipulation treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1523-1526, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492275

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between apolipoprotein E gene polymorphism and cerebral infarction in Taishun county.Methods Determination of 112 cases of Taishun Siqian cerebral infarction patients and healthy persons 88 cases of ApoE gene polymorphism,and the cerebral infarction patients were admitted to the hospital for different period of time after the NIHSS score.Results The cerebral infarction group and the control group were ApoE -/3 genotype most were 70.5%(79 /112)and 63.6%(56 /88),both had significant difference(P >0.05);The cerebral infarction group and the control group in terms of ApoE -up to 3,respectively 82.1%(92 /112)and 75.6%(66.5 /88),both had no significant difference (P >0.05).The cerebral infarction group epsilon 4 to 9.8%(11 /112),and was significantly higher than that of the control group 4.0%(3.5 /88);E2 was 6.2% (7 /112), which was significantly lower than that of the control group [19.3% (17 /88)],the differences were significant (χ2 =6.189,7.970,all P 0.05 ).Conclusion Cerebral infarction patients ApoE gene polymorphism and disease progression and prognosis are closely related,ApoE -4 Taishun Siqian cerebral infarction patients predisposing factors.At the same time,the detection of apoE genotype and NIHSS score is helpful to the prognosis of the patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1771-1772, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452377

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate ultrasonography combined with magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) diagnosis value for fetal brain deformities.Methods The results of ultrasonography and MRI was analysied in 12 fetuses with deformities,which were compared to postnatal,autopsy or other hospital inspection results and evaluated the accuracy.Results In 8 cases,the diagnoses established by ultrasonography were correct.3 cases were misdiagnosed by ultrasonography,1 case was missed the diagnosis.In 11 cases,the diagnoses established by MRI were correct and 1 case was missed the diagnosis.Conclusion Ultrasonography must be choosed in diagnosising fetal skull brain deformities,MRI was supplement to ultrasonography in complicated pregnancies.The combination of ultrasonography and MRI have an important value in guiding pregnant women to determine whether or not to continue the pregnancy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 525-528, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306255

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the results of the first-stage toxicological evaluation of 1 502 pesticide samples.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The classification of the 1 502 pesticide samples was analyzed, and the experimental results of the samples in different years were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Most of the 1 502 pesticide samples were insecticides, accounting for 52.5% of all, followed by bactericides and herbicides. In the 5 years, the proportion of biogenic insecticides showed a significant rising trend (χ² = 11.426, P < 0.05). The proportion of single pesticides was 65.8%; mixed pesticides accounted for 32.7%; original pesticides accounted for only 1.5%. From 2008 to 2012, most pesticides had low toxicity, regardless of the exposure route (via the mouth, skin, or respiratory tract). Acute oral and dermal toxicity tests showed that pesticides with moderate toxicity declined year by year (oral exposure χ² = 18.036, P < 0.01; dermal exposure χ² = 40.482, P < 0.01). There was a small proportion of pesticides with high toxicity. We did not detect any pesticide with extreme toxicity. Acute skin irritation and eye irritation test showed an upward trend in proportion of non-irritating pesticides (χ² = 77.110, P < 0.01; χ² = 12.693, P < 0.05), while the proportion of medium-irritation pesticides decreased significantly (χ² = 18.941, P < 0.01; χ² = 13.129, P < 0.05). Sensitization test showed that all samples were weak sensitizers.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The major type of investigated pesticides was insecticide. Most samples were single pesticides, and there was a certain proportion of mixed pesticides. Novel pesticides such as bio-pesticides are the development tendency. The tested pesticides were mainly low-toxicity pesticides, with a certain proportion of medium- and high-toxicity pesticides. Personal protection should be strengthened during production and use of pesticides.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Pesticides , Classification , Toxicity , Toxicity Tests, Acute
13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 788-791, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442614

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application of liver ultrasound hemodynamic parameters in diagnosing moderate to severe esophageal varices(EV) among patients suffering from portal hypertension.Methods The control group consisted of twenty nine patients without EV.Sixty patients with EV diagnosed by endoscopy were divided into two groups equal in number according to grade of EV.One being mild,the other was moderate to severe.All patients underwent color Doppler flow imaging and contrastenhanced ultrasound,and the dynamic angiography data were collected.Time intensity curves were drawn by software to acquire the arrive time of hepatic artery (HAAT),hepatic vein (HVAT) and portal vein (PVAT).Then HV-HA interval time,PV HA interval time and PV-HV interval time were calculated.The quantitative parameters including HV-HA,PV-HA,PV-HV,damping index (DI) of hepatic vein and portal vein velocity(PVV) were compared.ROC curve was used to assess the value of the parameters above in predicting moderate to severe esophageal varices.Results The difference of PV-HV,PV HA,HV-HA,PVV,DI between the control and the moderate to severe group were statistically significant (P =0.000).PV-HV,PV-HA,HV-HA,DI in moderate to severe group showed statistically significant compared with mild group (P =0.000,P =0.002,P =0.000,P =0.002),however,PVV had no significant (P >0.05) difference between the two groups.Mild group contrasted to the control group,the differences of PV-HA and HV-HA were statistically significant (P =0.000),whereas PV-HV,DI,PVV displayed no significant (P >0.05) difference.The areas under ROC curve of PV-HV,PV-HA,HV-HA,PVV,DI were 0.952,0.775,0.847,0.699,0.808 respectively.The best cutoff value of PV-HV for diagnosing moderate to severe EV was 0.5 second,with sensitivity and specificity of 86.2% and 94.8% respectively.Conclusions The liver ultrasound hemodynamic parameters is helpful in the diagnosis and evaluation of moderate to severe esophageal varices,which is expected to become a new noninvasive method.

14.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 762-766, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419373

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the right ventricular (RV) performance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (2-DM) by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI),and to explore the clinical value of RV longitudinal strain and strain rate.Methods Thirty-seven patients with 2-DM only and thirtyone patients coexisting diabetes and hypertension (DM + HTN) were studied.Thirty-nine healthy age matched persons served as control subjects.In each patient a conventional two-dimensional echocardiography was performed and also an echocardiographic study with strain/strain rate imaging was studied.Analysis of RV longitudinal systolic strain were obtained in the apical four-chamber view of the RV for the assessment of the RV free wall(F-PLSS),interventricular septum (S-PLSS) and the global RV wall (G-PLSS).The entire RV longitudinal peak systolic strain rate (G-SRs),peak early-diastolic strain rate (G-SRe) and peak late-diastolic strain rate (G-SRa) were performed in the apical four-chamber view.Results Compared with controls,F-PLSS,S-PLSS,G-PLSS,G-SRs and G-SRe were decreased in 2-DM and DM + HTN (all P <0.01),with lower values in DM + HTN (P <0.05).In the patients coexisting diabetes and hypertension,G-SRa was significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05).Compared with 2-DM,this difference was not significant in controls and DM + HTN (P >0.05).Conclusions No matte the patients of 2-DM with or without hypertension,the early changes of RV dysfunction can be found by 2D-STI.Patients coexisting diabetes and hypertension may have worse RV dysfunction.

15.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 439-442, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325484

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the immune response of silicotic rats to sheep red blood cells(SRBC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Silicotic rats were immunized with SRBC by tracheal instillation(Group 1) or intraperitoneal injection (Group 2), and non-silicotic rats were immunized by tracheal instillation as normal control(Group 3). The levels of serum hemolytic index(HC50) were measured on 7, 12, 20, 25, and 32 days after primary immunization and 5, 12, 15 days after the second immunization. Special anti-SRBC IgG was measured with ELISA(A490 nm) on 12, 20, 25, 32 days and 5, 12, 15, 27 days respectively. Delayed-type hypersensitivity(DTH) to SRBC was measured 20 days after second immunization and DTH reaction was determined at 24, 48, 72, and 96 h after administration. Total cell count and cell populations in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF), lung associated lymph node(LALN) and spleen weight, special IgG secreted from spleen cells were measured at the end of the experiment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HC50 of Group 1(47.4 +/- 1.0, 52.2 +/- 4.6, 31.1 +/- 11.9, 43.8 +/- 3.5, 33.6 +/- 16.8, 49.0 +/- 2.3, 92.9 +/- 20.2, 87.7 +/- 5.2) were statistically higher than those of Group 3(40.4 +/- 10.6, 2.8 +/- 2.5, 0.8 +/- 0.6, 6.6 +/- 5.8, 1.4 +/- 0.1, 36.5 +/- 16.5, 53.0 +/- 33.2, 2.6 +/- 2.2). The special anti-SRBC IgG response in Group 1(1.67 +/- 0.19, 1.98 +/- 0.36, 1.12 +/- 0.50, 1.38 +/- 0.30, 2.75 +/- 0.15, 2.60 +/- 0.28, 2.86 +/- 0.10, 2.50 +/- 0.20) were much stronger than those in Group 3 (0.59 +/- 0.30, 0.56 +/- 0.21, 0.21 +/- 0.16, 0.22 +/- 0.01, 0.81 +/- 0.25, 0.74 +/- 0.25, 0.69 +/- 0.26, 1.38 +/- 0.41). Furthermore, the results of DTH showed positive response and the ratios for diameter of skin rash > 5 mm at 24, 48, 72, 96 h were 16/16, 16/16, 16/16, 15/16 respectively in Group 1, while those in Group 3 were 8/15, 1/15, 1/15, 1/15 respectively. Total cell count in the BALF, LALN and spleen weight, and special IgG secreted from spleen cells in Group 1 were higher too. Group 2 expressed almost of the same but with mild immunologic responses as Group 1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Silicosis-induced extremely strong DTH and over-response of humoral immunity to some antigens may contribute to the likelihood of silicosis complicated with tuberculosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Erythrocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Hypersensitivity, Delayed , Immunization , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Sheep , Silicosis , Allergy and Immunology
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