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1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 140-146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study new biomarkers for the early diagnosis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by analyzing the differences in blood metabolites based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and metabolomics.@*METHODS@#Dried blood spots were collected from 21 infants with ROP (ROP group) and 21 infants without ROP (non-ROP group) who were hospitalized in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2013 to December 2016. LC-MS/MS was used to measure the metabolites, and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis was used to search for differentially expressed metabolites and biomarkers.@*RESULTS@#There was a significant difference in blood metabolic profiles between the ROP and non-ROP groups. The pattern recognition analysis, Score-plot, and weight analysis obtained 10 amino acids with a relatively large difference. Further statistical analysis showed that the ROP group had significant increases in blood levels of glutamic acid, leucine, aspartic acid, ornithine, and glycine compared with the non-ROP group (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that glutamic acid and ornithine had the highest value in diagnosing ROP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Blood metabolites in preterm infants with ROP are different from those without ROP. Glutamic acid and ornithine are the metabolic markers for diagnosing ROP. LC-MS/MS combined with metabolomics analysis has a potential application value in the early identification and diagnosis of ROP.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Infant , Humans , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Infant, Premature , Chromatography, Liquid , Retinopathy of Prematurity/diagnosis , Glutamic Acid , Ornithine
2.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 375-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970218

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and effect of laparoscopy for the treatment of biliary stricture after the biliary dilatation operation. Methods: The clinical data of 78 patients,including 27 males and 51 females aged (48.6±14.2)years(range:17 to 76 years),who presented biliary stricture after biliary dilatation operation from January 2017 to June 2021 in the Department of Minimally Invasive Hepatobiliary Surgery,Hunan Provincial People's Hospital,were retrospectively collected,with 38 cases in the laparoscopy group and 40 cases in the laparotomy group. Of the 78 patients,there were 67 cases of cholangiojejunostomy stricture and 11 cases of stricture of the high intrahepatic bile duct. Statistical methods such as t-test and χ2 test were carried out to compare perioperative clinical data and follow-up information between the two groups. Results: Less intraoperative blood loss((102.6±76.4)ml vs. (162.5±105.9) ml, t=-2.874,P=0.005),shorter postoperative stay length of stay((10.5±3.7)days vs. (14.5±6.4)days, t=-3.379,P=0.001) and shorter waiting time for postoperative anal exhaust((2.0±0.6)days vs. (2.5±0.9)days, t=-2.827,P=0.006) were found in the laparoscopy group than that in the laparotomy group,with statistically significant differences. While there was no statistically difference in the operative time((252.8±54.7)minutes vs. (257.4±68.6)minutes,t=-0.331,P=0.742). Postoperative review and follow-up did not show statistically significant differences between the two groups in the residual stone rate(5.3%(2/38) vs. 5.0%(2/40)) and the incidence of recurrent biliary stricture(5.3%(2/38) vs. 7.5%(3/40))(both P>0.05). Conclusion: Laparoscopy may be safe and effective in the treatment of biliary stricture after the biliary dilatation operation,with less trauma,faster recovery compared to laparotomy.

3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 579-590, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982527

ABSTRACT

Platelets are reprogrammed by cancer via a process called education, which favors cancer development. The transcriptional profile of tumor-educated platelets (TEPs) is skewed and therefore practicable for cancer detection. This intercontinental, hospital-based, diagnostic study included 761 treatment-naïve inpatients with histologically confirmed adnexal masses and 167 healthy controls from nine medical centers (China, n = 3; Netherlands, n = 5; Poland, n = 1) between September 2016 and May 2019. The main outcomes were the performance of TEPs and their combination with CA125 in two Chinese (VC1 and VC2) and the European (VC3) validation cohorts collectively and independently. Exploratory outcome was the value of TEPs in public pan-cancer platelet transcriptome datasets. The AUCs for TEPs in the combined validation cohort, VC1, VC2, and VC3 were 0.918 (95% CI 0.889-0.948), 0.923 (0.855-0.990), 0.918 (0.872-0.963), and 0.887 (0.813-0.960), respectively. Combination of TEPs and CA125 demonstrated an AUC of 0.922 (0.889-0.955) in the combined validation cohort; 0.955 (0.912-0.997) in VC1; 0.939 (0.901-0.977) in VC2; 0.917 (0.824-1.000) in VC3. For subgroup analysis, TEPs exhibited an AUC of 0.858, 0.859, and 0.920 to detect early-stage, borderline, non-epithelial diseases and 0.899 to discriminate ovarian cancer from endometriosis. TEPs had robustness, compatibility, and universality for preoperative diagnosis of ovarian cancer since it withstood validations in populations of different ethnicities, heterogeneous histological subtypes, and early-stage ovarian cancer. However, these observations warrant prospective validations in a larger population before clinical utilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Blood Platelets/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , China
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 410-415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888635

ABSTRACT

Biodegradable vascular stents have better biocompatibility than drug-eluting stents. The blood vessels are rebuilt and degraded after normal physiological functions are restored. Due to it will not stay in the body for a long time and the patients don't need taking anti-rejection drugs all the time, it becomes the focus of attention in the treatment of coronary heart disease. This article introduced the development history of biodegradable stents and reviewed the research status of several different materials of vascular stents (animals or humans)


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Absorbable Implants , Drug-Eluting Stents , Stents
5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 177-181, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923233

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mediating effect of life satisfaction between psychological resilience and depression among medical staffs.METHODS: A total of 472 medical staffs in Shaoguan City were selected as the study subjects by convenience sampling method. The mental health, life satisfaction and depression were investigated and analyzed using the Psychological Resilience Questionnaire, Life Satisfaction Questionnaire and Self-Rating Depression Scale. RESULTS: The scores of mental resilience, life satisfaction and depression were 79.3±17.1, 16.1±6.1 and 53.5±11.8, respectively. There was a negative correlation between mental resilience score and depression score in medical staffs [correlation coefficient(r)=-0.638,P<0.01]. The score of life satisfaction was positively correlated with the scores of mental resilience and its three dimensions of toughness, strength and optimism(r were 0.341, 0.313, 0.306 and 0.336 respectively, all P<0.01). The score of life satisfaction was negatively correlated with the score of depression(r=-0.474,P<0.01). The life satisfaction had mediating role between mental resilience and depression, with the mediating effect value of-0.059, accounting for 13.50% of the total effect. CONCLUSION: Life satisfaction plays a partial intermediary role between mental resilience and depression in medical staffs.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 326-329, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880477

ABSTRACT

Reference interval study and clinical evaluation are crucial supportive researches to demonstrate the intended use of quantitative


Subject(s)
Indicators and Reagents , Reference Values
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 215-218, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880454

ABSTRACT

In this paper, some significant problems, which were found frequently in the products of autoimmune


Subject(s)
Indicators and Reagents
8.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1712-1717, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the genes of common genetic diseases in newborns with the high-throughput sequencing technology based on target gene capture, to study the incidence rate of such diseases, the carrying rate and variant types of pathogenic mutations related to such diseases, and to explore the application value of the high-throughput sequencing technology in screening genetic diseases of newborns.Methods:The heel blood of 1 793 newborns born in Guangdong province from June 2019 to April 2020 were collected, and the exon regions of 138 common genetic disease-related genes in neonates were detected using the high-throughput sequencing technology based on target gene capture.The pathogenicity of the mutations was interpreted according to the " Classification Criteria and Guidelines for Genetic Variation(2017)" , in which known disease and probable disease were considered as positive mutations.The positive mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing technology, and the test results were analyzed with statistical methods.Results:Among the 1 793 newborns, 978 were male and 815 were female.A total of 158 positive cases were screened(8.81%), and 11 positive diseases were detected.Among the positive diseases, there were 41 cases(2.29%)of autosomal recessive deafness type 1A, 40 cases(2.23%)of Gilbert syndrome or Crigler-Najjar syndrome, and 33 cases(1.84%)of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency(1.84%), 19 cases(1.06%)of familial hypercho-lesterolemia, 18 cases(1.00%) of sodium taurocholate cotransporter peptide deficiency disease, 2 cases(0.11%)of mitochondrial non-syndromic deafness, 2 cases(0.11%)of Citrin deficiency, 1 case(0.06%)of holocarboxylase synthase deficiency, 1 case(0.06%)of β-thalassemia and 1 case(0.06%)of metachromatic leukodystrophies.Of all studied cases, 972 carried one or more positive mutations, involving 85 kinds of diseases in total.The diseases with a high carrying rate were Gilbert syndrome or Crigler-Najjar syndrome(359 cases, 20.02%), autosomal recessive deafness type 1A(302 cases, 16.84%), and sodium taurocholate cotransport peptide deficiency disease(291 cases, 16.22%). The high-frequency mutation sites were UGT1A1 gene c. 211G> A, GJB2 gene c .109G> A and SLC10A1 gene c. 800C> T. Conclusions:The common genetic diseases detected in neonates from Guangdong province are autosomal recessive deafness type 1A, Gilbert syndrome or Crigler-Najjar syndrome, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, familial hypercholesterolemia, and sodium taurocholate cotransport peptide deficiency.There are high-frequency carrying mutation sites in the population.Preliminary genetic screening of common neonatal genetic diseases can accumulate data and experience for the development of newborn genetic screening.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 114-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787667

ABSTRACT

To investigate the safety and feasibility of longitudinal transpancreatic U-sutures invaginated pancreatojejunostomy (Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique) in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD). Clinical data of 116 consecutive patients who underwent LPD using Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique in Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from May 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 66 were males and 50 were females. The median age was 58 years old (32-84 yeas old). All 116 patients underwent pure laparoscopic whipple procedure with Child reconstruction method, using Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique. The intraoperative and postoperative data of patients were analyzed. All 116 patients underwent LPD successfully. The mean operative time was (260.3±33.5) minutes (200-620 minutes). The mean time of pancreaticojejunostomy was (18.2±7.6) minutes (14-35 minutes). The mean time of hepaticojejunostomy was (14.6±6.3) minutes (10-25 minutes). The mean time of gastrojejunostomy was (12.0±5.5) minutes (8-20 minutes). The mean estimated blood loss was (106.0±87.6) ml (20-800 ml). Postoperative complications were: 11.2%(13/116) of cases had postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), including 10.3% (12/116) of biochemical fistula and 0.9%(1/116) of grade B POPF, no grade C POPF occurred; 10.3%(12/116) had gastrojejunal anastomotic bleeding; 3.4%(4/116) had hepaticojejunal anastomotic fistula; 3.4%(4/116) had delayed gastric emptying; 4.3% (5/116) had localized abdominal infection; 12.1%(14/116) had pulmonary infection; postoperative mortality were 0(0/116) and 1.7%(2/116) within 30 days and 90 days, respectively. One patient died of massive abdominal bleeding secondary to Gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm rupture, the other patient died of extensive tumor recurrence and metastasis after surgery. Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique is safe and feasible for LPD.It is an option especially for surgeons who have not completed the learning curve of LPD.

10.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 37-41, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665276

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical curative effect of meridian skin region drainage therapy for nerve root type of cervical spondylosis by comparing to the conventional acupuncture. Methods A total of 84 cases of cervical spondylosis were randomly divided into acupuncture group and drainage group,42 cases in each group. The drainage group was given meridian skin region drainage therapy including skin scraping, bloodletting combining with I-shaped acupuncture (acupuncture on Fengchi penetrating Fengfu,C3-C6 spinous process, Dazhui, Jianzhongshu, Jianwaishu), once a day. The acupuncture group was given conventional acupuncture mainly on Ashi points, cervical Jiaji acupoints, combining with Tianzhu, Dazhui, and Houxi, once a day. Seven times constituted one treatment course and the treatment for the two groups lasted 3 courses. During the treatment,time for the relief of the primary symptoms and signs of the two groups was observed,and pain index was evaluated with Visual Analogue Scale(VAS). After treatment , the total clinical efficacy and safety were evaluated,and the recurrence rate was investigated during the follow-up. Results(1)The total clinical efficacy of the drainage group was 95.2% and that of the acupuncture group was 83.3%, and there were significant differences between the two groups(P < 0.05).(2)During the treatment,time for the relief of tenderness, time for the relief of pain, and time for the improvement of range of motion in the drainage group were much shorter than those in the acupuncture group (P<0.01). (3)After treatment,VAS scores of the two groups were decreased(P<0.01 compared with those before treatment),and the decrease in the drainage group was superior to that in the acupuncture group(P < 0.05).(4)The 2-month follow-up showed that the recurrence rate of the drainage group was 17.6%,and that of the acupuncture group was 38.1%,the difference being significant (P<0.05).(5)During the treatment,no obvious adverse event occurred in the two groups. Conclusion Meridian skin region drainage therapy exerts certain therapeutic effect for nerve root type of cervical spondylosis.

11.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 744-747, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845527

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish an optimized method to determine the entrapment efficiencies (EE) of cinobufagin(CBG) and resibufogenin(RBG) in the toad skin extract loaded with solid lipid nanoparticles. Methods: Dialysis, high-speed centrifugation and low-speed centrifugation were selected to determine the entrapment efficiencies of toad skin extract loaded solid lipid nanoparticles. The effects of different dialytic media on the entrapment efficiencies were investigated, then the EE of every method were compared. Results: Different methods had different results of EE, the EE of low-speed centrifugation, high-speed centrifugation and dialysis method in CBG and RBG were (74.00±1.69)% and (75.01±2.05)%,(83.60±0.99)% and (82.51±1.56)%,(91.01±0.75)% and (89.22±0.88)%, respectively. The EE determined by different dialytic media of dialysis were different, but the results did not have the significant differences. Conclusion: Different determination methods of EE have some significant influences on the results of EE, dialysis method is more suitable for the determination of EE for CBG and RBG in the toad skin extract loaded solid lipid nanoparticles.

12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1625-1627, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270906

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To describe a new variation of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) at its entry to larynx.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study including 3 078 consecutive cases received thyroidectomy was performed from January 1998 to December 2008. The age ranged from 15 to 82 years, 2 395 cases were female and 683 cases were male. A total of 4 241 RLNs were exposed successfully for avoiding the injury of the nerve. A kind of variation of the RLN was reported in this study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Forty-four varied RLNs were identified at the entry into the larynx (1.0%, 44/4241). Variation happened at the truck or the branches of RLN entering the larynx far from the posterior cricothyroid joints. The distance from the entry to the back of cricothyroid joints was over 5 mm. Among these, eight RLNs (23.5%, 8/34) walked distally from the dorsal cricothyroid joint without extra laryngeal branches and entered the larynx at the abnormal point. There were four different kinds of sub-variations identified: type I: there was no branch in RLN and the varied RLN entered the larynx far from the posterior cricothyroid joints, total 35 cases (79.6%, 35/44); type II: there were two branches in RLN, one branch entered the larynx at the posterior cricothyroid joints and the other far from the posterior cricothyroid joints, total 5 cases (11.4%, 5/44); type III: there were two branches in RLN, and both branches entered the larynx far from the posterior cricothyroid joints, total 3 cases (6.8%, 3/44); type IV: there were three branches in RLN, the lateral branch of the varied RLN entered the larynx far from the posterior cricothyroid joints, total 1 case (2.2%, 1/44). Four varied RLNs were injured during the operation (9.1%, 4/44).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The variation of RLN reported in this study is more dangerous and should be paid more attention to lower the injury of the nerve.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , Congenital Abnormalities , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroidectomy
13.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676693

ABSTRACT

Objective To study whether the warm ischemia-reperfusion injury can be alleviated if the hepatic glycogen content were increased before liver transplantation.Methods The male SD rats as donors and recipients were divided into groups A,B and C randomly.In group A,the rats were al- lowed access to solid and water ad libitum;In group B,the rats drank glucose liquor for 4 days prior to liver harvesting;In group C,the rats were intravenously injected with 50% glucose besides the protocol in group B 3-4 h prior to liver harvesting.According to the non-heart-beating time(the non- heart-beating time were set into 60,90,120 and 150 min),the rats in groups A,B and C were divided into 4 subgroups,and the orthotopic liver transplantation was performed and the hepatic glycogen and ATP contents were measured.The one-week survival rate and the serum levels of MDA and SOD in the recipients were determined after liver transplantation.Results The hepatic glycogen and ATP con- tents in groups B and C were more than those in group A significantly(P

14.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593343

ABSTRACT

To combine current situation and existing problem of sanitation equipment packaging in military area, perfect organization, special funds and package research of military special useful can be given. The high level of standardization, informationization and containerization of packaging has great significance that improves the ability to protection and pro-motes the development of sanitation equipment packaging on troops.

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