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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875675

ABSTRACT

Objective To find the effect of leonurine on LPS-induced macrophages activation and its potential mechanism. Methods Mouse primary peritoneal macrophages were isolated and pretreated for 24 h with LPS and leonurine. MTT assay was used to detect the cell viability of macrophages. The production of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-18 in culture medium were tested by ELISA, and the production of NO was detected by Griess reagent. The mRNA expression of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, TNF-α, iNOS, Arg-1 and CD206 were detected by RT-PCR, and the protein expression of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 were detected by Western blotting. Results LPS can significantly increase the releases of NO、IL-1β、IL-6、TNF-α and IL-18 from macrophages. Leonurine can suppress the expression of pro-inflammatory factor levels, such as IL-1β (P<0.05), IL-18 (P<0.05), NO(P<0.05), IL-6(P<0.05) and TNF-α (P<0.05). Leonurine can decrease the activation of macrophage as well as the expression of NLRP3 Inflammasome.Protein expressions of NLRP3、ASC、caspase-1 were mitigated. Conclution Leonurine exerts beneficial effects through M1/M2 phenotypic differentiation of peritoneal macrophage via inhibiting overactivation of NLRP3 inflammasome. These findings suggest that leonurine might have a therapeutic potential for pelvic inflammatory disease.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879585

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of a child with frontometaphyseal dysplasia 1 (FMD1) due to variant of FLNA gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical phenotype of the patient was analyzed. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out to detect pathogenic genetic variants. Sanger sequencing was used to verify the result in his parents.@*RESULTS@#The 2-year-and-9-month-old boy presented with facial dysmorphism (supraorbital hyperostosis, down-slanting palpebral fissure and ocular hypertelorism), skeletal deformities (bowed lower limbs, right genu valgum, left genu varus, slight deformity of index and middle fingers, and flexion contracture of little fingers). He also had limited left elbow movement. High-throughput sequencing revealed that he has carried a de novo heterogeneous c.3527G>A (p.Gly1176Glu) missense variant of the FLNA gene. The same variant was found in neither parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical manifestations of FMD1 such as joint contracture and bone dysplasia can occur in infancy and deteriorate with age, and require long-term follow-up and treatment. Above finding has expanded the spectrum of FLNA gene variants.


Subject(s)
Child , Filamins/genetics , Forehead/abnormalities , Humans , Infant , Male , Osteochondrodysplasias/genetics , Phenotype , Whole Exome Sequencing
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879534

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for 7 patients with Alström syndrome.@*METHODS@#DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the patients and their parents. Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the patients. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Genetic testing revealed 12 variants of the ALMS1 gene among the 7 patients, including 7 nonsense and 5 frameshift variants, which included c.5418delC (p.Tyr1807Thrfs*23), c.10549C>T (p.Gln3517*), c.9145dupC (p.Thr3049Asnfs*12), c.10819C>T (p.Arg3607*), c.5701_5704delGAGA (p.Glu1901Argfs*18), c.9154_9155delCT (p.Cys3053Serfs*9), c.9460delG (p.Val3154*), c.9379C>T (p.Gln3127*), c.12115C>T (p.Gln4039*), c.1468dupA (p.Thr490Asnfs*15), c.10825C>T (p.Arg3609*) and c.3902C>A (p.Ser1301*). Among these, c.9154_ 9155delCT, c.9460delG, c.9379C>T, and c.1468dupA were unreported previously. Based on the standards and guidelines of American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the c.9379C>T and c.12115C>T variants of the ALMS1 gene were predicted to be likely pathogenic (PVS1+PM2), whilst the other 10 variants were predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+ PM2+ PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#ALMS1 variants probably underlay the Alström syndrome in the 7 patients, and genetic testing can provide a basis for the clinical diagnosis of this syndrome. The discovery of four novel variants has expanded the mutational spectrum of Alström syndrome.


Subject(s)
Alstrom Syndrome/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree , Whole Exome Sequencing
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness and safety of middle-column preserved pedicle subtraction closing-opening wedge osteotomy for the treatment of stiff kyphosis.Methods:From January 2016 to April 2018, 12 patients with stiff kyphosis in our department were treated with middle-column preserved pedicle subtraction closing-opening wedge osteotomy. The patients' operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage, surgical complications, low back pain and leg pain visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) score, and SF-36 were recorded.These parameters were compared at preoperative, postoperative, and at the final follow-up. Coronal parameters included lumbar scoliosis Cobb angle, C 7 vertebral body center to humeral vertical line distance (C 7PL-CSVL), whilesagittal parameters includedlumbar Lordosis (LL), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), and sagittalvertical axis (SVA). Results:All of 12 patients successfully completed the operation.The mean operation time was 238.20±65.95 min, the mean intraoperative blood loss was 440.50±133.60 ml.The patients’ODI score was 65.92%±6.96% at the preoperative, and 21.00%±3.19% at the final follow-up. The difference was statistically significant ( t=20.32, P<0.0001).The VAS score of back pain was 6.00±0.95 at preoperative, 2.33±0.89 at 3 months postoperatively, and 1.42±0.51 at the final follow-up. The VAS score of leg pain was 6.91±1.24 at preoperative, 2.50±1.00 at 3 months postoperatively, and1.50±0.52 at the final follow-up. There was significant difference in SF-36 at preoperative and at final follow-up ( P<0.05). The differences in LL, SS, PT and SVA at the preoperative and at final follow-up were statistically significant ( F=17.47, P<0.001; F=5.015, P=0.0125; F=14.66, P<0.001; F=81.11, P<0.001) . There was significant difference in lumbar scoliosis Cobb angle and C 7PL-CSVL at the preoperative and at final follow-up ( F=87.19, P<0.001; F=100.9, P<0.001) . Conclusion:The advantages of this surgical procedure includesimple operation, reducedsurgery time, and shorten intraoperative bleeding, which can effectively relief clinical symptoms, improve the quality of life, correctkyphosis, and maintain the patient's spinal-pelvic balance.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1653-1662, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881557

ABSTRACT

We explored the pharmacodynamic material basis and network regulatory mechanism of Fufang Yuxingcao Mixture (FYM) for the treatment of fever and inflammation. Targets of the 25 compounds in FYM were predicted according to the reverse pharmacophore method and TCMSP, UniProt database. Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment and pathway analysis of the targets was analyzed by Omicsbean software and the Kyoto Gene and Genome Encyclopedia (KEGG) database. A "compound-target-pathway-pharmacological action-effect" network was established with Cytoscape 3.6.1 software. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cell inflammation model was used to verify the anti-inflammatory effects of FYM and its 10 important components. The network pharmacology experiment showed that 25 compounds affected 97 pathways through 211 targets, of which 15 key targets [including RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), insulin (INS), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), interleukin-6 (IL-6), cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN), caspase-3 (CASP3), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), interleukin-8 (IL-8), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), proto-oncogene c-Fos (FOS), tyrosine-protein kinase SRC (SRC), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (MAPK8), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1)] and 46 pathways (including NF-kappa B signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, arachidonic acid metabolism, cAMP signaling pathway, T cell receptor signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway, inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, chemokine signaling pathway, Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, etc.) were related to anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, immune regulation, and analgesia. In vitro cell experiments showed that FYM and the 10 components (including isoquercitrin, luteoloside, baicalein, wogonin, wogonoside, phillyrin, forsythoside A, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, and sweroside) could significantly reduce the expression of nitric oxide (NO), TNF-α and IL-6 in cell supernatants, indicating that the above 10 components may be the key pharmacodynamic material basis of FYM.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879000

ABSTRACT

Due to worldwide abuse of chemical antibiotics and continuous emergence of "superbugs", the harm of bacterial drug resistance to human beings has become more and more serious. Therefore, it is of great significance to look for green antibiotics with a wide range of sources, broad antibacterial spectrum, non-toxicity or low toxicity, environmentally friendliness, diverse active components and low drug resistance. The volatile oil of traditional Chinese medicine is a kind of volatile oily liquid that exists in plants and can be distilled with steam and immiscible with water. Because of its good potential to resist drug-resistant pathogens, it is widely used in food, medicine and other fields. This paper summarized the antibacterial advantages and characteristics of volatile oil of traditional Chinese medicine, and the antibacterial effect and antibacterial mechanism of combined application of volatile oil of traditional Chinese medicine, in order to provide some theoretical basis and study ideas for solving the problem of bacterial drug resistance and developing natural and green antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Infective Agents , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862516

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the needs, demands and utilization levels of health services for residents in Shenzhen, and to provide a basis for the rational allocation of health resources and formulation of relevant policies. Methods Using stratified random sampling, 6 072 residents from 2 365 households in 7 districts of Shenzhen were selected. The residents’ health status, health service demand and utilization were investigated by a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire survey response rate was 98.5%, and there was no significant difference between the sample and the population in age distribution (χ2=5.60,P=0.47). Results The average score of self-health assessment was 84.9. The prevalence rate of chronic diseases was 21.1%. The two-week disease prevalence rate was 21.5%, and the doctor visit rate of the two-week disease was 19.5%. The hospitalization rate was 7.2% in the past year. The average outpatient cost was 500 yuan, and the average cost of hospitalization was 10 567 yuan. The average length of hospital stay was 7.3 days. A total of 652 (55%) patients had their first outpatient visit at the community health service centers, and 82.2% of the families were within 1 kilometer from the nearest medical institutions. Conclusion Compared with that of the national population, the overall health service needs of Shenzhen residents were relatively low, but there is a problem that the hospitalization demand has not been effectively released. The prevention and treatment of chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension should not be ignored, and the construction of the public health system needs to be strengthened. The "health gatekeeper" system has initially taken shape, but the residents' sense of acquisition needs to be further improved.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811605

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of epidemiological history in the screening of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in fever clinic, to improve the efficiency in fever clinic and reduce the incidence of cross infection.@*Methods@#This is a retrospective study. Patients who were admitted to the fever clinic in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 23th, 2020 to February 11th, 2020 included the study. According to epidemiological history, the patients were divided into epidemiological history group (the experimental group) and no epidemiological history group (the control group). The two groups of patients were admitted and treated separately. The clinical data, NEWS score, etiology results, viral pneumonia showed on CT, time of visit, COVID-19 patient ratio, and admission composition ratio were compared between the two groups. The measurement data were presented as the mean ± standard deviation (SD), and the numeration data were expressed as ratio or constituent ratio. The measurement data of normal distribution between the two groups were compared by independent sample t test. The measurement data of skewed distribution are expressed by the median (interquartile range), and the comparison between the two groups is tested by non-parameter. The differences between enumeration data were assessed by chi-square test. A P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*Results@#A total of 2423 patients were included, including 927 patients in the experimental group and 1296 patients in the control group. There were no significant differences in gender, NEWS score and clinical symptoms between the two groups (P> 0.05). The age (35.00 ± 12.80 vs 38.13 ± 15.57 years) , the proportion of fever patients (28.80% vs 32.75%) and waiting time (31.72 vs 58.08 min) of the experimental group were lower than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05). The CT examination ratio (37.54% vs 20.39%), viral pneumonia ratio showed on CT (9.77% vs 2.95%), ratio of examined COVID-19 nucleic acid test (85.44% vs 56.75%), and the admission ratio (16.72% vs 9.63%) of the experimental group were higher than the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P <0.05); There was no significant difference in the positive rates of influenza virus and rhinovirus between the two groups (P> 0.05).@*Conclusion@#It is necessary to adjust the management mode of fever clinic during the Corona Virus Disease 2019, and to manage the patients according to the epidemiological history which can improve the screening efficiency and reduce the risk of cross infection.

9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 357-367, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827872

ABSTRACT

Pediatric cough is a heterogeneous condition in terms of symptoms and the underlying disease mechanisms. Symptom phenotypes hold complicated interactions between each other to form an intricate network structure. This study aims to investigate whether the network structure of pediatric cough symptoms is associated with the prognosis and outcome of patients. A total of 384 cases were derived from the electronic medical records of a highly experienced traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) physician. The data were divided into two groups according to the therapeutic effect, namely, an invalid group (group A with 40 cases of poor efficacy) and a valid group (group B with 344 cases of good efficacy). Several well-established analysis methods, namely, statistical test, correlation analysis, and complex network analysis, were used to analyze the data. This study reports that symptom networks of patients with pediatric cough are related to the effectiveness of treatment: a dense network of symptoms is associated with great difficulty in treatment. Interventions with the most different symptoms in the symptom network may have improved therapeutic effects.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 368-370, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870282

ABSTRACT

Botulinum toxin type A was firstly used to treat two patients with familial benign pemphigus, who showed poor response to conventional therapies. Case 1, a 64-year-old male patient, presented with erythema and erosions on bilateral axillary and inguinal regions for 2 years, and was injected with botulinum toxin type A at a dose of 50 U in the right axillary fossa and right groin separately. Case 2, a 33-year-old female patient, presented with erythema and blisters on bilateral axillary and inguinal regions and the right waist for 9 years, and was injected with botulinum toxin type A at a dose of 25 U in the left axillary fossa, right waist and bilateral groins separately. After the injection of botulinum toxin type A, sweating was inhibited in the 2 patients within 1 week, and skin lesions were gradually attenuated within 2 weeks. One month after the injection, erythema and erosions on bilateral axillary and inguinal regions mostly regressed in the case 1, and no recurrence was observed during 18-month follow-up. Six weeks after the injection, most of the skin lesions regressed in the case 2, only patchy hyperpigmentation was observed, and no obvious new lesions occurred. A few lesions recurred in the case 2 during 10-month follow-up, but were attenuated after the treatment with topical glucocorticoids.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the immunophenotype and cytogenetic characteristics of primary plasma cell leukemia (pPCL), and to evaluate the efficacy of bortezomib and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as main treatment.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted including 42 pPCL patients admitted to Peking University People′s Hospital from January 1998 to March 2019. All patients were followed up until December 31, 2019. The immunophenotype and cytogenetic characteristics were compared with historical data of multiple myeloma (MM). Thirty-nine patients were divided into bortezomib-based group (29 cases) and non-bortezomib group (10 cases). All patients were also divided into hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) group (15 cases) and non-HSCT group (24 cases).Chi-square test was used for efficacy comparison, and Kaplan-Meier method was used for univariate prognostic analysis. Cox proportional hazards model was used for multi-variant analysis.Results:pPCL accounted for 2.6% of the total patients with plasma cell diseases during the same period. There were 22 males and 20 females, with a median age of 50 (30—77) years old at diagnosis. In immunophenotype analysis, tumor cells in pPCL patients also expressed CD38, CD138, CD45, which was similar as patients with MM. However the expression of CXCR4 were more frequently seen in pPCL(73.1% vs. 34.7%, P= 0.000), while intensity of CD9 and CD200 was lower (40.7% vs. 62.5%, P =0.028, 33.3% vs. 58.0%, P=0.021).Overall response rate of bortezomib-based therapy was superior to non-bortezomib therapy (69.0% vs.50.0%). The median survival was 18.2 (0.2—95.7)months, and the 1-and 2-year survival rates were 61.9% and 37.4%, respectively. Multivariate prognostic analysis suggested that age ( P= 0.027) and efficacy( P= 0.035)were significantly correlated with survival.HSCT resulted in superior survival compared with chemotherapy alone(26.8 vs. 8.1 months, P=0.021). Conclusions:Immunophenotypes and cytogenetic abnormalities in patients with pPCL are different from those with multiple myeloma. Bortezomib based regimens improve response rate and survival of pPCL. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation also predicts survival benefits.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869260

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) health literacy and associated factors in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.Methods:Based on the multi-stage stratified sampling method, the questionnaire survey of health literacy of COVID-19 were carried out in 55 599 local residents from12 prefecture-level cities of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region between March 10 and 15, 2020. The questionnaire in details included not only knowledge, attitude and behavior, but also mental health, their scores were calculated using Decimal method. A ≥80% of the correct answer rate of the survey content was regarded as qualified for health literacy. There were 51 722 (93.0%) valid questionnaires, according to the ratio of medical staff to non-medical staff, 32 529 questionnaires were selected for analysis. The health literacy level was defined according to the proportion of qualified people.The credibility and availability of the questionnaires were evaluated by Cronbach′s α coefficient and KMO test. The associated factors were analyzed by Pearson χ 2 test and logistic regression. Results:In Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, the whole level of health literacy of COVID-19 was 85.7%, and their scores were (26.30±2.48). Knowledge, attitude, and behavioral literacy levels were 61.6%, 95.6%, and 96.8%, respectively. Compared with the population of 15-25 years old, the health literacy level of 46-65 years old was the highest ( OR=2.00, 95% CI: 1.78-2.24). The health literacy level of medical staff group ( OR=2.54, 95% CI: 1.30-4.95) was far higher than the non-medical staff group; the population with college or above education level ( OR=10.22, 95% CI: 9.19-11.36) was significantly higher than the population with education level below college. The degree of anxiety was negatively correlated with education level. Conclusions:The health literacy level of COVID-19 in residents in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is relatively high, but the level of knowledge literacy needs to be improved. The main factors affecting the health literacy of COVID-19 among Inner Mongolia residents are age, occupation and education level.

13.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 302-305,C5-2, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of hsa_circ_0019413 in the peripheral blood of patients with primary Sj?gren's syndrome (pSS) and its role in the development of pSS disease.Methods:Microarray screening of circ ribonucleic acid (circRNA) changes was first performed in the peripheral blood of 4 pSS patients and 4 healthy controls. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to verify the difference in the expression of hsa_circ_0019413 in the peripheral blood of 30 pSS patients and 30 controls. By establishing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the potential diagnostic value of hsa_circ_0019413 in peripheral blood was analyzed, and the expression level of hsa_circ_0019413 was correlated with the clinical presentations of patients with pSS.Results:① By microarray analysis, 437 circRNAs were differentially expressed between the two groups (FC≥2.0, P<0.05), of which 365 were up-regulated and 72 were down-regulated. ② The expression level of hsa_circ_0019413 in pSS patients was significantly higher than that in healthy controls by qPCR. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05). It showed that hsa_circ_0019413 in peripheral blood of pSS patients had potential diagnostic value by ROC curve analysis [area under the curve (AUC)=0.883, 95% CI (0.782, 0.984), P<0.01]. ③ The expression level of hsa_circ_0019413 was positively correlated with the ESSDAI, ANA, titer of the pSS patients by correlation analysis ( r=0.721, P=0.012; r=0.625, P=0.040), but not with (immunoglobulin (Ig)G or erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Conclusion:Hsa_circ_0019413 in the peripheral blood may be involved in the development of pSS and may be a biomarker for the diagnosis of pSS.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 303-308, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of middle-column preserved pedicle subtraction closing-opening wedge osteotomy for the treatment of old thoracolumbar compression fractures combined with kyphosis deformity.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed to analyze data of 27 patients with old thoracolumbar compression fractures combined with kyphosis deformity admitted in Taizhou Hospital from January 2010 to January 2017. There were 10 males and 17 females, with age range of 45-75 years (mean, 61.7 years). The injured segments and osteotomy segments included T 11 in 5 patients, T 12 in 10, L 1in 8 and L 2 in 4. Time from initial fracture to surgery was 9-120 months (mean, 23.2 months). According to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) classification, neurological impairment symptoms were detected in 9 patients, including grade C in 1 and grade D in 8. All patients underwent one-level middle-column preserved pedicle subtraction osteotomy. Operation time, blood loss, and perioperative complications were recorded. Before operation, at 3 months after operation and at latest follow-up, kyphosis Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and height of anterior column (AC) as well as posterior column (PC) were measured. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) score were used to evaluate the clinical efficacy. American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) score was used to assess neurological function. Results:All patients were followed up for average 18.1 months (range, 12-34 months). Operation time was (155.2±35.4)minutes (range, 130-250 minutes). Blood loss was (338.1±101.4)ml (range, 150-550 ml). No serious neurological or vascular complications occurred during perioperative period. Kyphosis Cobb angle was (6.0±3.1)° at postoperative 3 months compared to preoperative (46.5±8.5)°( P<0.05), and showed no significant loss at latest follow-up [(7.9±3.8)°] ( P>0.05). SVA was improved significantly from preoperative [42.7(25.5, 78.2)]mm to [5.5(1.2, 7.3)]mm at postoperative 3 months ( P<0.05). AC height was increased by average 16.3 mm at postoperative 3 months compared to the preoperative level ( P<0.05), with no significant change in PC height ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in SVA, AC height and PC height at postoperative 3 months and latest follow-up ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in VAS [(1.7±0.8)points, (2.3±1.4)points] and ODI (17.3±7.5, 19.4±4.3) at postoperative 3 months and at latest follow-up compared to these before operation [(7.7±1.3)points, 61.4±6.2] ( P<0.05), with no significant differences in VAS and ODI at postoperative 3 months and latest follow-up ( P>0.05). No implant failure was noted during follow-up. The osteotomy surface was fused in all patients at postoperative 6 months. At latest follow-up, ASIA grade was improved from grade C to grade D in 1 patient and from grade D to grade E in 8 patients. Conclusion:Middle-column preserved pedicle subtraction closing-opening wedge osteotomy can effectively correct old thoracolumbar fractures with kyphosis, relieve pain and improve nerve function.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 469-476, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866154

ABSTRACT

Objective:By establishing a rat model of experimental autoimmune thyroiditis(EAT), to investigate the effects of different iodine intake on the hippocampal morphology, monoamine neurotransmitters and ethology of the offspring of EAT rats.Methods:A total of 60 female and 20 male Lewis rats with a body weight of 50 - 60 g were selected. Female rats were divided into 4 groups (15 rats in each group) with random number table method according to their body weight: control group (NI group), thyroglobulin group (Tg group), Tg + high iodine Ⅰ group (Tg + HⅠ group), and Tg + high iodine Ⅱ group (Tg + HⅡ group), and the latter three groups were model groups. The contents of iodine in drinking water of the 4 groups were 100 μg/L, 100 μg/L, 20 mg/L and 200 mg/L, respectively. Rats in the model groups were immunized with porcine thyroglobulin (PTg) subcutaneously at multiple sites, and the NI group was injected with normal saline, once every 2 weeks, 3 times in total. The rats in each group were mated in cages according to the ratio of 3 : 1 between female and male. After experiment of the offspring, the urine samples of mother rats were collected within the previous week, urinary iodine concentration was determined by As 3+-Ce 4+ catalytic spectrophotometry; then the mother rats were killed, HE staining was used to observe the changes of thyroid histomorphology and the infiltration of inflammatory cells; serum thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) of mother rats were determined by radioimmunoassay. Brain tissues were collected from 7 days old offspring, hippocampal morphology of 7 days old offspring was observed by toluidine blue staining; the contents of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in brain tissues of 7 days old offspring were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); 30 and 60 days old offspring were used for water maze-location navigation test and open field test. Results:The levels of urinary iodine increased significantly of mother rats in Tg + HⅠ and Tg + HⅡ groups than that in NI group (median, μg/L: 35 380.18, 236 847.16 vs 221.43, P < 0.05). HE staining showed that the thyroid tissue of mother rats in Tg, Tg + HⅠ and Tg + HⅡ groups had different degrees of destruction and inflammatory cells infiltration, and the degree of destruction and infiltration increased with the increase of iodine intake. Compared with NI group, the contents of TgAb and TPOAb in serum of mother rats in Tg, Tg + HⅠ and Tg + HⅡ groups were significantly increased(2.118 4 ± 0.675 1, 2.103 0 ± 0.714 1, 2.783 6 ± 1.084 3 vs 0.790 1 ± 0.101 0, P < 0.05; 1.015 8 ± 0.252 8, 1.019 5 ± 0.202 0, 0.936 6 ± 0.183 4 vs 0.692 2 ± 0.111 9, P < 0.05), and the content of TgAb in Tg + HⅡ group was significantly higher than that in Tg and Tg + HⅠ groups ( P < 0.05). Compared with NI group, the number of hippocampal neurons decreased and relative damage occurred in Tg, Tg + HⅠ and Tg + HⅡ groups of the offspring. Compared with NI group, the NE contents in brain tissues of the offspring in Tg, Tg + HⅠ and Tg + HⅡ groups decreased (pg/ml: 1 232.01 ± 253.45, 1 197.64 ± 222.46, 1 074.40 ± 366.38 vs 1 733.67 ± 158.12, P < 0.05); there were no significant differences in DA and 5-HT contents in brain tissues of offspring in each group ( P > 0.05). In the water maze-location navigation test, the latency of the Tg + HⅡ group on the 4th day of the 30 days old offspring reaching the platform was significantly longer than that of the NI and Tg groups ( P < 0.05). In the open field test, there was no significant difference in 30 and 60 days old offspring in the latency of moving the original quadrant ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:With the increase of iodine intake, the degrees of thyroid tissue destruction and inflammatory cells infiltration in EAT rats increase, and the levels of TgAb in serum increase significantly. Iodine has certain effects on the hippocampal morphology and the level of monoamine neurotransmitters in the brains of the offspring of EAT rats. The effects of different iodine-induced EAT rats on their offspring's learning, memory and spatial exploration are mainly shown in childhood.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865852

ABSTRACT

The lifelong teaching and learning abilities based on training the core competency of ophthalmology residents is a new hot spot in the curriculum design of ophthalmological standardized residency training. In the standardized residency training base of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University Ophthalmic Center, a graded lecturer training curriculum with residents as core has been designed to train the critical thinking, active learning, summarizing and presenting skills of residents at all levels. According to the different tasks, the residents can present themselves through online and offline platforms so that they can gradually grow into different levels of lecturers. Through the graded training of lecturers from low level to high level, step by step, the residents are trained as active learners from the thinking mode, become student-instructors or lecturers from the teaching ability, and be more competent for future study and work.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the size and density of adrenal gland, and the dynamic changes in patients with COVID-19.Methods:Study sample consisted of 67 patients diagnosed as COVID-19 (COVID-19 group) and 70 normal controls. COVID-19 group were divided into two groups: ordinary cases and severe cases. The CT value and thickness of adrenal gland in the control group (uni-temporal) and the COVID-19 group (multi-temporal) were measured, the CT value of adreal/erector spinae were calculated.Results:Compared with the control group, the COVID-19 group had bigger body, medial and lateral branches of bilateral adrenal gland ( P<0.05) . There was no significant difference between the CT value of adrenal/erector spinae for the two groups. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed the thickness of right medial adrenal limb in detecting diffuse adrenal hyperplasia was the best (0.881) . And there was no significant difference in the CT value of adrenal/erector spinae, thickness of bilateral adrenal body, medial and lateral branches in COVID-19 group at different times. Conclusion:The bilateral adrenal glands of COVID-19 patients were slightly swollen, adrenal body, medial and lateral branches were slightly bigger than the normal adrenal glands, but the density was normal, and there were no dynamic changes during the course of the disease.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863940

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of thymus in patients with COVID-19, and to analyze the CT features and dynamic changes of thymus.Methods:Data of 241 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 admitted to Chongqing Three Gorges Central Hospital from Jan. to Mar. 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and 242 consecutive subjects were selected as the control group from Nov. to Dec. 2019. The thymus classification, size, and average CT values between COVID-19 patients and the control group were compared, as well as those among different clinical types for COVID-19 patients, before and after treatment, were analyzed.Results:① The attenuation of the thymus: 64.7% (156/241) complete fatty replacement thymus, 17.8% (43/241) predominantly fatty thymus, 11.2% (27/241) approximately one-half fatty and one-half soft-tissue-attenuation thymus, and 6.2% (15/241) predominantly soft-tissue thymus in COVID-19 patients were found. 48.3% (117/242) complete fatty replacement thymus, 25.6% (62/242) predominantly fatty thymus, 10.3% (25/242) approximately one-half fatty and one-half soft-tissue-attenuation thymus, and 15.7% (38/242) predominantly soft-tissue thymus were found in the control group. Complete fatty replacement thymus was an independent factor affecting COVID-19 in 40 to 59 years old patients ( OR=3.071, P=0.000) . The rate of complete fatty replacement thymus: severe or critical type > common type > mild type. ② Size: There was no statistical difference of the thymus size between COVID-19 patients and the control group ( P>0.05) , no statistical difference among the mild type, common type and severe or critical type ( P>0.05) , no statistical difference between before and after treatment ( P>0.05) , and there was no correlation with treatment duration ( r=0.047, r=0.071) . ③ Density: There was no statistical difference of the CT value of thymus between COVID-19 patients and the control group ( P>0.05) , no statistical difference among the mild, common and severe type ( P>0.05) . One patient had a 17 HU increase in thymus density after treatment, but there was no statistical difference in 78 patients in thymus CT values between before and after treatment ( P>0.05) , and there was no correlation with treatment duration (r=0.013) . Conclusions:COVID-19 patients have a high rate of complete fatty replacement thymus. And the heavier the clinical classification, the higher the rate of complete fatty replacement thymus. Complete fatty replacement thymus is a risk factor for COVID-19 patients in 40 to 59 years old.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863800

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of epidemiological history in the screening of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in fever clinic, to improve the efficiency in fever clinic and reduce the incidence of cross infection.Methods:This is a retrospective study. Patients who were admitted to the Fever Clinic in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 23th, 2020 to February 11th, 2020 were included in the study. According to epidemiological history, the patients were divided into the epidemiological history group (experimental group) and no epidemiological history group (control group). The two groups of patients were admitted and treated separately. The clinical data, NEWS score, etiology results, viral pneumonia showed on CT, time of visit, COVID-19 patient ratio, and admission composition ratio were compared between the two groups. The measurement data were presented as the mean ± standard deviation (SD), and the numeration data were expressed as ratio or constituent ratio. The measurement data of normal distribution between the two groups were compared by independent sample t test. The measurement data of skewed distribution were expressed by the median (interquartile range), and the comparison between the two groups was tested by non-parameter. The differences between enumeration data were assessed by chi-square test. A P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:A total of 2423 patients were included, including 927 patients in the experimental group and 1296 patients in the control group. There were no significant differences in gender, NEWS score and clinical symptoms between the two groups ( P> 0.05). The age (35.00 ± 12.80 vs 38.13 ± 15.57 years) , the proportion of fever patients (28.80% vs 32.75%) and waiting time (31.72 vs 58.08 min) of the experimental group were lower than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05). The CT examination ratio (37.54% vs 20.39%), viral pneumonia ratio shown on CT (9.77% vs 2.95%), ratio of examined COVID-19 nucleic acid test (85.44% vs 56.75%), and the admission ratio (16.72% vs 9.63%) of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P <0.05). There was no significant difference in the positive rates of influenza virus and rhinovirus between the two groups ( P> 0.05). Conclusion:It is necessary to adjust the management mode of fever clinic during the corona virus disease 2019, and to manage the patients according to the epidemiological history which can improve the screening efficiency and reduce the risk of cross infection.

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Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 453-457, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies and transplant outcomes in patients with hematological diseases who underwent matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted in 168 patients with hematological diseases who received MSDT in Peking University People's Hospital from March 2015 to November 2017. All patients received detection of anti-HLA antibodies before transplantation, and the correlation between anti-HLA antibodies and transplant outcomes such as hematopoietic cells implantation, blood product transfusion and prognosis after transplantation were analyzed.Results:Among the 168 patients, 28 (16.7%) were positive for anti-HLA class Ⅰ or class Ⅱ antibodies, and 14 (8.3%) were positive for both anti-HLA class Ⅰ and class Ⅱ antibodies. All patients received neutrophil engraftment, 164 patients (97.9%) received platelet engraftment. Univariate analysis showed that there were no effects of anti-HLA antibodies on neutrophil engraftment and engraftment time, platelet engraftment and engraftment time, the volume of red cell transfusion, the volume of platelet transfusion, overall survival (OS) rate, disease free survival (DFS) rate and transplant-related mortality (TRM) in patients with hematological diseases underwent MSDT (all P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that platelet engraftment was associated with better OS ( HR=0.065, 95% CI 0.017-0.252, P < 0.01), better DFS ( HR=0.083, 95% CI 0.024-0.289, P < 0.01) and lower TRM ( HR=0.094, 95% CI 0.014-0.626, P=0.015). Conclusion:Anti-HLA antibodies have no effect on transplant outcomes of patients with hematological diseases who have received MSDT.

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