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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 182-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and related influencing factors of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(auto-HSCT)as first-line consolidation therapy for newly diagnosed elderly patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma(DLBCL).Methods:Retrospective study of clinical characteristics, therapeutic effect, and prognostic factors of newly diagnosed DLBCL elderly patients with an International Prognostic Index(IPI)score≥3 who underwent auto-HSCT in the Affiliated People's Hospital of Ningbo University from January 2015 to August 2020.Results:Among the 31 patients, 18 were males and 13 were females, with a median age of 65(60-75)years.The 13 cases(41.9%)were involved in 2 sites outside lymph nodes, and 13 cases(41.9%)were involved in bone marrow.IPI medium and high risk(IPI=3 points)was found in 21 cases(67.7%), high risk(≥4 points)in 10 cases(32.2%). Before transplantation, 21(67.7%)patients achieved complete remission(CR), and the other 10(32.3%)patients were in the partial remission(PR). All patients after transplantation achieved hematopoietic reconstitution.The median time for neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 10(9-16)days and 12(8-58)days respectively.During a median follow-up of 20.9(3.1 to 73.0)months after transplantation, transplant-related mortality within 100 days was 3.2%(1/31). The 2-year overall survival(OS)and progression-free survival(PFS)were(77.2±8.4)% and(72.7±8.3)%, respectively.Multivariate Cox analysis showed that the achieved partial remission status before auto-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation[OS( HR=30.064, 95% CI: 2.231-405.209, P=0.010), PFS( HR=9.165, 95% CI: 1.926-43.606, P=0.005)], and CD34 + cell count in graft <3×10 6/kg[OS( HR=12.004, 95% CI: 1.234-116.807, P=0.032), PFS( HR=6.115, 95% CI: 1.325-28.221, P=0.020)]were the independent poor prognostic factor affecting both OS and PFS in elderly lymphoma patients. Conclusions:Auto-HSCT may improve the survival rate of carefully selected elderly patients with DLBCL.Pretransplant disease status and the number of CD34 + cells in the graft are important factors to predict the efficiency of auto-HSCT of the patients.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 794-797, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992376

ABSTRACT

Minimally degenerative nephropathy is one of the common types of primary nephrotic syndrome, and it is currently believed that B lymphocytes are closely related to its pathogenesis. Patients with refractory small degenerative kidney disease require treatment with glucocorticoids combined with immunosuppressant. Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody that consumes B cells. Its use in the treatment of patients with refractory microdegenerative kidney disease can reduce recurrence rate, prolong remission period, and reduce hormone exposure. However, there is no consensus on the treatment plan and adverse reaction response measures, and multicenter, prospective, and large-scale research answers are still needed. This article summarizes the latest progress of rituximab in the treatment of refractory minimal degenerative kidney disease, hoping to provide assistance for the development of clinical treatment strategies.

3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 566-570, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognosis of childhood adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) with cognitive disorder after haploidentical allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT), and to identify risk factors affecting the prognosis.Methods:It was a single-center retrospective study involving 31 ALD children receiving haplo-HSCT in Peking University People′s Hospital from January 2014 to October 2022.Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for the prognosis of childhood ALD following haplo-HSCT. Results:Among the 31 children with ALD, 1 case died of cardiogenic shock during the transplantation, and the remaining had a successful haplo-HSCT.Ten children with ALD had cognitive disorder before haplo-HSCT, including 3 cases with the minimal LOES score ≥10 points and 8 cases with the Neurologic Function Score (NFS)>0 point before haplo-HSCT.Six children had major functional disability (MFD) and 2 cases died due to progression of ALD after haplo-HSCT.Twenty children did not have cognitive disorder before haplo-HSCT, of whom 3 cases had the LOES score≥10 points and 6 cases had NFS>0 before haplo-HSCT.Four children had MFD and 2 cases died due to progression of ALD after haplo-HSCT.For ALD patients without cognitive disorder after haplo-HSCT, the 3-year and 5-year survival rate were 100.0% and 72.9%, respectively, and the 5-year MFD-free survival was 61.6%.For ALD patients with cognitive disorder after haplo-HSCT, the 3-year survival rate was 83.3%.Compared with ALD patients with the LOES score<10 points before haplo-HSCT, those with the LOES score≥10 points had 9.243 times the risk of developing MFD after haplo-HSCT ( P=0.024, 95% CI: 1.332-64.127). Compared with ALD patients without cognitive disorder before haplo-HSCT, ALD patients with cognitive disorder had 9.749 times the risk of developing MFD after haplo-HSCT ( P=0.023, 95% CI: 1.358-66.148). Conclusions:Cognitive disorder and LOES score≥10 points before haplo-HSCT are risk factors for developing MFD in children with ALD following haplo-HSCT.

4.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 322-324, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978525

ABSTRACT

This case report presents the diagnosis and treatment of a case of cystic echinococcosis misdiagnosed as hepatic cyst. The case had anaphylactic shock caused by extravasation of cyst fluid during extraction of hepatic cyst and suffered from postoperative recurrence of echinococcosis. This case report may provide insights into diagnosis and treatment of cystic echinococcosis among healthcare workers in non-endemic areas.

5.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 508-512, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978418

ABSTRACT

Stroke is a disease with a high disability rate, and often leads to limb dysfunction, especially upper limb motor dysfunction, which significantly affects the patients’ abilities and quality of life. With patients' increasing demand for functional recovery, various therapeutic techniques of rehabilitation medicine have been rapidly developed. As an important active central intervention technology, motor imagery training can be initiated by the patient's brain and activate the sensorimotor network to accelerate the repair of limb functions. The development of preventive medicine has promoted the continuous evolution of the concept of rehabilitation. The strategies of full cycle functional protection and disability prevention have been improved and developed in the clinical and scientific research practice of upper limb rehabilitation after stroke. The motor imagery training can activate the upper limb motor neural network in the early stage of stroke to prevent functional loss; In the recovery period, it can accelerate the neural function remodeling and reduce the upper limb disability; In the later stage after stroke, it can improve the performance of upper limb function in daily life, thus helping patients return to family life and society. This article reviews the research progress in recent years in China and abroad in the application of motor imagery training for the full cycle function protection and disability prevention of stroke.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 349-353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970931

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of a patient with STISS syndrome due to variant of PSMD12 gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and result of genetic testing of a patient who was admitted to Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine on October 4, 2020 were analyzed, together with a review of relevant literature.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor a heterozygous c.601C>T (p.Arg201*) nonsense variant of the PSMD12 gene, which was unreported previously. Clinically, the height of the patient has differed significantly from reported in the literature. An extremely rare case of STISS syndrome due to variant of the PSMD12 gene has been diagnosed.@*CONCLUSION@#Whether the severely short stature is part of the clinical spectrum for PSMD12 gene variants needs to be further explored, and the efficacy and safety of growth hormone therapy has yet to be determined.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , China , Dwarfism , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Syndrome
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 183-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970513

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the anti-depression mechanism of Zuojin Pills based on the plasma constituents, network pharmacology, and experimental verification. UHPLC-TOF-MS was used for qualitative analysis of Zuojin Pills-containing serum. Targets of the plasma constituents and the disease were retrieved from PharmMapper and GeneCards. Then the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed and core targets were screened for GO term enrichment and KEGG pathway enrichment. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was employed construct the "compound-target-pathway" network and the targets and signaling pathways of Zuojin Pills against depression were predicted. CUMS-induced depression mouse model was established to verify the key targets. The results showed that a total of 21 constituents migrating to blood of Zuojin Pills were identified, which were mainly alkaloids. A total of 155 common targets of the constituents and the disease and 67 core targets were screened out. KEGG enrichment and PPI network analysis showed that Zuojin Pills may play a role in the treatment of depression through AMPK/SIRT1, NLRP3, insulin and other targets and pathways. Furthermore, the results of animal experiments showed that Zuojin Pills could significantly improve the depression behaviors of depression, reduce the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in hippocampus and serum, activate AMPK/SIRT1 signaling, and reduce the protein expression of NLRP3. In conclusion, Zuojin Pills may play a role in the treatment of depression by activating AMPK/SIRT1 signaling pathway, and inhibiting NLRP3 activation and neuroinflammation in the hippocampus of mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Network Pharmacology , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Sirtuin 1 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation
8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 658-661, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the application experience and clinical effect of radial artery in total arterial coronary revascularization (TAR) in elderly patients.@*METHODS@#Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients who underwent TAR at the University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Hospital from July 1, 2020 to May 30, 2022. Patients were divided into ≥ 65-year-old group and < 65-year-old group according to age. The radial artery blood flow, diameter, intimal integrity and Allen test were evaluated by ultrasound before operation. The distal ends of radial artery were collected for pathological examination during operation. Coronary artery CT angiography (CTA) was examined postoperatively and follow up. The safety and reliability of ultrasonic assessment of radial artery and application of radial artery in elderly patients with TAR were summarized and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 101 patients received TAR, including 35 cases aged ≥ 65 years old, 66 cases aged < 65 years old; 78 cases used bilateral radial arteries, and 23 cases used unilateral radial arteries. 4 cases of bilateral internal mammary arteries. All the proximal ends of the radial artery were anastomosed to the proximal end of the ascending aorta, 34 cases were performed of "Y" grafts, and 4 cases were sequential anastomoses. There was no in-hospital death and perioperative cardiovascular events. Perioperative cerebral infarction occurred in 3 patients. 1 patients was reoperated for bleeding. Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) assistance was used in 21 patients. Poor wound healing occurred in 2 cases and healed well after debridement. Follow-up of 2 to 20 months after discharge showed no internal mammary artery occlusion and 4 radial artery occlusions; no major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) occurred, and the survival rate was 100%. There was no significant difference in the above perioperative complications and follow-up endpoints between the two age groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#By adjusting the order of bypass anastomosis and optimizing the preoperative evaluation method, radial artery combined with internal mammary artery can obtain better outcome early in TAR, and can be safely and reliably applied to elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Radial Artery/transplantation , Coronary Vessels , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Retrospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 389-397, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981936

ABSTRACT

Male reproductive infections are known to shape the immunological homeostasis of the testes, leading to male infertility. However, the specific pathogenesis of these changes remains poorly understood. Exosomes released in the inflammatory microenvironment are important in communication between the local microenvironment and recipient cells. Here, we aim to identify the immunomodulatory properties of inflammatory testes-derived exosomes (IT-exos) and explore their underlying mechanisms in orchitis. IT-exos were isolated using a uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC)-induced orchitis model and confirmed that IT-exos promoted proinflammatory M1 activation with increasing expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in vitro. We further used small RNA sequencing to identify the differential miRNA profiles in exosomes and primary testicular macrophages (TMs) from normal and UPEC-infected testes, respectively, and identified that miR-155-5p was highly enriched in IT-exos and TMs from inflammatory testes. Further study of bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) transfected with miR-155-5p mimic showed that macrophages polarized to proinflammatory phenotype. In addition, the mice that were administrated IT-exos showed remarkable activation of TM1-like macrophages; however, IT-exos with silencing miR-155-5p showed a decrease in proinflammatory responses. Overall, we demonstrate that miR-155-5p delivered by IT-exos plays an important role in the activation of TM1 in UPEC-induced orchitis. Our study provides a new perspective on the immunological mechanisms underlying inflammation-related male infertility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Mice , Animals , Orchitis , Uropathogenic Escherichia coli/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Phenotype , Infertility, Male/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 709-715, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) and quality of life, the association between CMD and perceived stress, and the mediation effect of perceived stress on the association between CMD and quality of life, and to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of CMD and the improvement of quality of life in these patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Data were collected by the employees' physical examination of a company in Xi'an in 2021. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the association between the status of CMD (divided into three categories: no CMD, presence of one kind of CMD, and with≥2 kinds of CMD (≥2 kinds of CMD were defined as cardiometabolic multimorbidity (CMM)), quality of life, and perceived stress. Mediation analysis with a multi-categorical independent variable was conducted to determine the mediation effect of perceived stress on the association between CMD and quality of life. Results: Among all 4 272 participants, 1 457 (34.1%) participants had one kind of CMD and 677 (15.8%) participants had CMM. The average scores for quality of life and perceived stress were (57.5±15.7) and (16.9±7.9), respectively. Compared with participants without CMD, after adjusting for demographic and lifestyle factors, no statistically significant associations were observed between one kind of CMD and perceived stress or quality of life (both P>0.05). Perceived stress did not mediate the association between one kind of CMD and quality of life. However, participants with CMM had lower quality of life and higher perceived stress than participants without CMD. The relative total effect coefficient c (95%CI) and the relative direct effect coefficient c' (95%CI) between CMM and quality of life were -3.71 (-5.04--2.37) and -2.52 (-3.81--1.24) (both P<0.05), respectively. The relative indirect effect coefficient a2b (95%CI) of perceived stress on the association between CMM and quality of life was -1.18 (-1.62--0.77) (P<0.05). The mediation effect size was 31.8%. Conclusions: CMM is negatively associated with quality of life and positively associated with perceived stress. Perceived stress partially mediates the association between CMM and quality of life. Our results suggest that, in addition to preventing and treating CMM actively, efforts should be taken to relieve the perceived stress of people with CMM to improve their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Stress, Psychological
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 458-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984644

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the role of donor change in the second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT2) for hematological relapse of malignant hematology after the first transplantation (HSCT1) . Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with relapsed hematological malignancies who received HSCT2 at our single center between Mar 1998 and Dec 2020. A total of 70 patients were enrolled[49 males and 21 females; median age, 31.5 (3-61) yr]. Results: Forty-nine male and 21 female patients were enrolled in the trial. At the time of HSCT2, the median age was 31.5 (3-61) years old. Thirty-one patients were diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia, 23 patients with ALL, and 16 patients with MDS or other malignant hematology disease. Thirty patients had HSCT2 with donor change, and 40 patients underwent HSCT2 without donor change. The median relapse time after HSCT1 was 245.5 (26-2 905) days. After HSCT2, 70 patients had neutrophil engraftment, and 62 (88.6%) had platelet engraftment. The cumulative incidence of platelet engraftment was (93.1±4.7) % in patients with donor change and (86.0±5.7) % in patients without donor change (P=0.636). The cumulative incidence of CMV infection in patients with and without donor change was (64.0±10.3) % and (37.0±7.8) % (P=0.053), respectively. The cumulative incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft versus host disease was (19.4±7.9) % vs (31.3±7.5) %, respectively (P=0.227). The cumulative incidence of TRM 100-day post HSCT2 was (9.2±5.1) % vs (6.7±4.6) % (P=0.648), and the cumulative incidence of chronic graft versus host disease at 1-yr post-HSCT2 was (36.7±11.4) % versus (65.6±9.1) % (P=0.031). With a median follow-up of 767 (271-4 936) days, 38 patients had complete remission (CR), and three patients had persistent disease. The CR rate was 92.7%. The cumulative incidences of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) 2 yr after HSCT2 were 25.8% and 23.7%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of relapse, OS, and DFS was (52.6±11.6) % vs (62.4±11.3) % (P=0.423), (28.3±8.6) % vs (23.8±7.5) % (P=0.643), and (28.3±8.6) % vs (22.3±7.7) % (P=0.787), respectively, in patients with changed donor compared with patients with the original donor. Relapses within 6 months post-HSCT1 and with persistent disease before HSCT2 were risk factors for OS, DFS, and CIR. Disease status before HSCT2 and early relapse (within 6 months post-HSCT1) was an independent risk factor for OS, DFS, and CIR post-HSCT2. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that changing donors did not affect the clinical outcome of HSCT2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Recurrence , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Chronic Disease
12.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 526-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985673

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects and safety of dydrogesterone (DG) and medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on the treatment in patients with endometrial hyperplasia without atypia (EH). Methods: This was a single-center, open-label, prospective non-inferior randomized controlled phase Ⅲ trial. From February 2019 to November 2021, patients with EH admitted to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University were recruited. Enrolled patients were stratified according to the pathological types of simple hyperplasia (SH) or complex hyperplasia (CH), and were randomised to receive MPA or DG. Untill May 14, 2022, the median follow-up time after complete response (CR) was 9.3 months (1.1-17.2 months). The primary endpoint was the 6-month CR rate (6m-CR rate). The secondary endpoints included the 3-month CR rate (3m-CR rate), adverse events rate, recurrence rate, and pregnancy rate in one year after CR. Results: (1) A total of 292 patients with EH were enrolled in the study with the median age of 39 years (31-45 years). A total of 135 SH patients were randomly assigned to MPA group (n=67) and DG group (n=68), and 157 CH patients were randomly assigned to MPA group (n=79) and DG group (n=78). (2) Among 292 patients, 205 patients enrolled into the primary endpoint analysis, including 92 SH patients and 113 CH patients, with 100 patients in MPA group and 105 in DG group, respectively. The 6m-CR rate of MPA group and DG group were 90.0% (90/100) and 88.6% (93/105) respectively, and there were no statistical significance (χ2=0.11, P=0.741), with the rate difference (RD) was -1.4% (95%CI:-9.9%-7.0%). Stratified by the pathology types, the 6m-CR rate of SH patients was 93.5% (86/92), and MPA group and DG group were respectively 91.1% (41/45) and 95.7% (45/47); and the 6m-CR rate of CH patients was 85.8% (97/113), and MPA group and DG group were 89.1% (49/55) and 82.8% (48/58) respectively. The 6m-CR rates of the two treatments had no statistical significance either (all P>0.05). A total of 194 EH patients enrolled into the secondary endpoint analysis, including 88 SH patients and 106 CH patients, and 96 patients in MPA group and 98 in DG group, respectively. The 3m-CR rate of SH patients were 87.5% (77/88), while the 3m-CR rates of MPA group and DG group were 90.7% (39/43) and 84.4% (38/45), respectively; the 3m-CR rate of CH patients was 66.0% (70/106), and MPA group and DG group had the same 3m-CR rate of 66.0% (35/53). No statistical significance was found between the two treatments both in SH and CH patients (all P>0.05). (3) The incidence of adverse events between MPA group and DG group had no statistical significance (P>0.05). (4) A total of 93 SH patients achieved CR, and the cumulative recurrence rate in one year after CR were 5.9% and 0 in MPA group and DG group, respectively. While 112 CH patients achieved CR, and the cumulative recurrence rate in one year after CR were 8.8% and 6.5% in MPA group and DG group, respectively. There were no statistical significance between two treatment groups (all P>0.05). Among the 93 SH patients, 10 patients had family planning but no pregnancy happened during the follow-up period. Among the 112 CH patients, 21 were actively preparing for pregnancy, and the pregnancy rate and live-birth rate in one year after CR in MPA group were 7/9 and 2/7, while in DG group were respectively 4/12 and 2/4, and there were no statistical significance in pregnancy rate and live-birth rate between the two treatment groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with MPA, DG is of good efficacy and safety in treating EH. DG is a favorable alternative treatment for EH patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Medroxyprogesterone Acetate/adverse effects , Endometrial Hyperplasia/pathology , Dydrogesterone/adverse effects , Hyperplasia , Prospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 976-981, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of different delivery and feeding modes on intestinal microflora in infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) .Methods:A total of 33 infants with AD were enrolled from Department of Dermatology, Wuhan NO.1 Hospital from July 2019 to December 2020, and 30 healthy infants were selected as control group. Then, all infants were grouped according to different delivery and feeding modes: cesarean-delivery AD group (22 cases) , cesarean-delivery control group (19 cases) , spontaneous-delivery AD group (11 cases) , and spontaneous-delivery control group (11 cases) ; mixed-feeding AD group (13 cases) , mixed-feeding control group (11 cases) , formula milk powder-feeding AD group (12 cases) , formula milk powder-feeding control group (11 cases) , breastfeeding AD group (8 cases) , and breastfeeding control group (12 cases) . The total DNA was extracted from the infant feces, PCR was performed to amplify the V1 - V9 regions of bacterial 16S rRNA gene, and PacBio Sequel sequencer was used for high-throughput sequencing. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare the bacterial community composition at genus and species levels, and correlations of relative abundance of differentially abundant bacterial taxa with eosinophil counts and SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) scores were analyzed.Results:In the spontaneous-delivery control group, cesarean-delivery control group, spontaneous-delivery AD group, and cesarean-delivery AD group, the top 5 bacterial genera with high relative abundance were Bifidobacterium, Bacteroides, Veillonella, Streptococcus, and Escherichia. In the formula milk powder-feeding control group, breastfeeding control group, mixed-feeding control group, formula milk powder-feeding AD group, breastfeeding AD group, and mixed-feeding AD group, the top 5 abundant bacterial genera were Bifidobacterium, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Veillonella, and Escherichia. Linear discriminant analysis of effect size (LEfSe) showed no significant difference in the relative abundance of bacterial taxa among different delivery mode groups; among different feeding mode groups, Akkermansia and Akkermansiamuciniphila were the most differentially abundant microbes in the formula milk powder-feeding AD group at genus (LDA = 4.78) and species (LDA = 4.91) levels, respectively. The relative abundance of Akkermansia and Akkermansiamuciniphila (both 9.6% ± 0.72%) was significantly higher in the formula milk powder-feeding AD group than in the formula milk powder-feeding control group (both 2.50% ± 0.83%, Z = 1.66, P = 0.048) , the mixed-feeding AD group (both 0, Z = 2.26, P = 0.012) and the breastfeeding AD group (both 0, Z = 1.85, P = 0.032) . Additionally, the relative abundance of Akkermansia and Akkermansia- muciniphila was positively correlated with SCORAD scores in AD patients ( ρ = 0.384, 0.387, respectively, both P < 0.05) . Conclusion:Different delivery modes did not significantly affect the intestinal flora of AD or healthy infants, and the relative abundance of Akkermansia and Akkermansiamuciniphila increased in the formula milk powder-feeding infants with AD, which may be involved in the occurrence of AD.

14.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1023-1030, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To characterize the histopathological subtypes and their clinicopathological parameters of gender and onset age by common, rare and sparse primary esophageal malignant tumors (PEMT).Methods:A total of 272 437 patients with PEMT were enrolled in this study, and all of the patients were received radical surgery. The clinicopathological information of the patients was obtained from the database established by the State Key Laboratory of Esophageal Cancer Prevention & Treatment from September 1973 to December 2020, which included the clinical treatment, pathological diagnosis and follow-up information of esophagus and gastric cardia cancers. All patients were diagnosed and classified by the criteria of esophageal tumor histopathological diagnosis and classification (2019) of the World Health Organization (WHO). The esophageal tumors, which were not included in the WHO classification, were analyzed separately according to the postoperative pathological diagnosis. The χ 2 test was performed by the SPSS 25.0 software on count data, and the test standard α=0.05. Results:A total of 32 histopathological types were identified in the enrolled PEMT patients, of which 10 subtypes were not included in the WHO classification. According to the frequency, PEMT were divided into common (esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, ESCC, accounting for 97.1%), rare (esophageal adenocarcinoma, EAC, accounting for 2.3%) and sparse (mainly esophageal small cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, etc., accounting for 0.6%). All the common, rare, and sparse types occurred predominantly in male patients, and the gender difference of rare type was most significant (EAC, male∶ female, 2.67∶1), followed with common type (ESCC, male∶ female, 1.78∶1) and sparse type (male∶ female, 1.71∶1). The common type (ESCC) mainly occurred in the middle thoracic segment (65.2%), while the rare type (EAC) mainly occurred in the lower thoracic segment (56.8%). Among the sparse type, malignant melanoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma were both predominantly located in the lower thoracic segment (51.7%, 66.7%), and the others were mainly in the middle thoracic segment.Conclusion:ESCC is the most common type among the 32 histopathological types of PEMT, followed by EAC as the rare type, and esophageal small cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma as the major sparse type, and all of which are mainly occur in male patients. The common type of ESCC mainly occur in the middle thoracic segment, while the rare type of EAC mainly in the lower thoracic segment. The mainly sparse type of malignant melanoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma predominately occur in the lower thoracic segment, and the remaining sparse types mainly occur in the middle thoracic segment.

15.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 928-932, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of Metagenomic Next-Generation sequencing (mNGS) in infectious patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).Methods:Patients suspected with local or systemic infections were retrospectively included after allo-HSCT in our department from April 2019 to November 2020. Pathogenic microorganisms were tested by mNGS in samples from peripheral blood, cerebrospinal fluid, alveolar lavage Liquid, abscess, etc. Other diagnostic methods such as bacterial/fungal culture, viral PCR detection were simultaneously explored comparing with mNGS results.Results:A total of 112 samples in 83 patients were detected by mNGS, and 34 pathogenic microorganisms were determined. Among these positive samples, 11 strains of bacteria (17 times) with the most common Escherichia coli (4/17) were reported. There were 7 strains of fungi (10 times) detected with primary Candida albicans (7/29). Although arvovirus 30.2% (39/129) were predominantly detected, its diagnostic relevance with infections was not definite. Other pathogenic viruses including cytomegalovirus (CMV) 25.6% (33/129) and Epstein Barr virus (EBV) 14.0% (18/129)were of significance. Comparing with golden diagnostic criteria, the sensitivity of mNGS was 86.5%, and specificity was 45.0%. Regarding single pathogen infection, the consistency of mNGS and conventional methods was 82.9% (29/35), while it was 16/17 in combination infections.Conclusion:mNGS could be a potential method to determine pathogens in patients suspected with infections after allo-HSCT.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 727-731, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956903

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the radiosensitization effect of low-dose sulfasalazine (SAS) on colorectal cancer (CRC) cells.Methods:Proliferation inhibition effect of SAS on CRC cells was detected by CCK-8 assay, and the concentration of SAS in vitro assays was based on its IC10 value. CRC cells were treated with SAS alone or combined with inhibitors of apoptosis, autophagy, ferroptosis and necroptosis, then cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay. Trypan blue staining, clone formation assay and cell growth curves were used to verify the radiosensitization effect of SAS on CRC cells in vitro. CRC cells were treated with SAS and radiotherapy, then the intracellular contents of lipid peroxidation and the protein levels of GPX4, PTGS2, cleaved PARP and active caspase 3 were evaluated, respectively. Subcutaneous xenograft tumor mouse model was established to further verify the radiosensitization effect of SAS in vivo. Results:High dose (lethal dose) of SAS could induce apoptosis and ferroptosis in CRC cells. Low dose (non-lethal dose) of SAS enhanced the radiosensitivity of CRC cells in vitro, and the radiosensitivity effect of SAS could only be abolished by ferroptosis inhibitor (Fer-1). Low dose of SAS combined with radiotherapy significantly down-regulated the expression of GPX4, whereas increased the intracellular lipid peroxidation levels and the expression of PTGS2. SAS also showed significant radiosensitization effect in subcutaneous xenograft tumor model. Conclusion:Our findings suggest that low-dose SAS could increase the radiosensitivity of CRC cells by promoting ferroptosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 397-402, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935879

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the molecular mechanism of cleft palate in mice induced by 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Methods: The pregnant mice were randomly divided into TCDD-treated group (n=42) and control group (n=42). TCDD-treated group was given by gavage a single dose of TCDD (64 μg/kg) at 8: 00 AM on gestation day 10 (GD10) and the control group was given by gavage the isopyknic corn oil. At GD13-GD15, the fetal mice palate development was observed by HE staining. The mouse embryonic palatal mesenchymal cell proliferation was detected by 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) immunofluorescence. The localization and expression of maternally expressed gene3 (MEG3) in mouse embryonic palatal mesenchymal cells was detected by situ hybridization and real-time PCR (RT-PCR). The key protein expressions of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad signaling pathway in mouse embryonic palatal mesenchyme were analyzed by Western blotting. The interaction of MEG3 and TGF-β receptor Ⅰ (TGF-βRⅠ) was examined by RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP). Results: At GD13 and GD14, compared with the control group, the ratio of BrdU-positive cells in the palatal mesenchyme of TCDD-treated fetuses decreased significantly (GD13, t=6.66, P=0.003; GD14, t=6.56, P=0.003). However, at GD15, the ratio of BrdU-positive cells was significantly increased (t=-5.98, P=0.004). MEG3 was mainly expressed in the nuclei of fetal mouse palatal mesenchymal cells, and the expression of MEG3 in TCDD group was significantly increased at GD13, GD14 and GD15(GD13, t=39.28, P=0.012; GD14, t=18.75, P=0.042; GD15, t=28.36, P=0.045). At GD14, TCDD decreased the levels of p-Smad2 and Smad4 in embryonic palate mesenchymal cells (p-Smad2, t=9.48, P=0.001;Smad4, t=63.10, P=0.001), whereas the expression of Smad7 was significantly increased at GD14 (t=30.77, P<0.001). The results of the RIP experiment showed that the amount of TGF-βRⅠ-bound MEG3 in mouse embryonic palatal mesenchymal cells in the TCDD group (23.940±1.301) was higher than that in the control group (8.537±1.523)(t=24.55, P<0.001). Conclusions: MEG3 is involved in the suppression of mouse embryonic palatal mesenchymal cell proliferation, functioning at least in part via interacting with the TGF-βRⅠ protein and thereby suppressing Smad signaling in the context of TCDD induced cleft palate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Pregnancy , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cleft Palate/genetics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Palate/metabolism , Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins/toxicity
18.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 373-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935814

ABSTRACT

Objective: A method for the determination of acetochlor and its metabolites in urine by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was established. Methods: After cleaned-up by a HLB extraction cartridges, the urine was eluted with 1% acetic acid acetonitrile solution. The target compounds were separated by ACQUITY UPLC®HSS T3 Column (2.1 mm×100 mm×1.8 μm) by using 1% formic acid solution and acetonitrile as mobile phase with gradient elution program, and analyzed in positive electrospray ionization mode by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Results: All the target compounds showed good linear relationships in the range of 1-50 μg/L, and the correlation coefficients (r) were higher than 0.997. The recoveries rates at three different spiked levels for all target compounds in blank matrices were 107.6%-129.1%, and the relative standard deviations (RSD) were 1.5%-9.9% (n=6) . The limits of detection and quantitation of the method were 0.04-0.11 μg/L and 0.15-0.42 μg/L, respectively, and target substances were detected in all urine samples from occupational exposure workers to acetochlor. Conclusion: This method is suitable for rapid screening and analysis of acetochlor and metabolites in urine with the advantages of accuracy, rapidity, simplicity, high sensitivity and good specificity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetonitriles , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Solid Phase Extraction , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Toluidines
19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 619-625, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935334

ABSTRACT

Based on the Global Burden of Disease study 2019, the standardized mortality rate and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) rate of children under 5 years old were selected as evaluation indicators to compare and analyze the current situation and differences of disease burden of children under 5 years old between China and other regions from 1990 to 2019. The change trend and difference of disease burden of children under 5 years old in China were analyzed by sexes. From 1990 to 2019, the all-cause standardized mortality rate of children under 5 years old in China decreased from 1 153.81/100 000 to 160.39/100 000, and the all-cause standardized DALY rate decreased from 104 426.40/100 000 to 16 479.01/100 000. In 2019, neonatal preterm birth, congenital heart anomalies and lower respiratory infections ranked the top three disease burden of children under 5 years old in China. Except that the disease burden of neonatal preterm birth was lower than that in North America, they were much higher than that in Western Europe and North America in the same period. The burden of unintentional injury diseases, including pulmonary aspiration and foreign body in airway and drowning, was higher than that in Western Europe and North America. The standardized mortality and DALY rate of the top ten diseases and injuries in boys and girls under 5 years old in China showed a downward trend (P<0.05), and most of them were higher in boys than girls (P<0.05). From 1990 to 2019, the disease burden of children under 5 years old in China decreased significantly. However, compared other regions, it is still necessary to strengthen the prevention and control of neonatal premature birth, birth defects and unintentional injuries, and take different sex-specific interventions to improve the overall health of children.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Accidental Injuries , China/epidemiology , Cost of Illness , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Risk Factors
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1373-1376, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935016

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the infection characteristics and clinical treatment outcome of patients with fungal keratitis(FK)in Jingzhou area, so as to provide basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment of FK. METHODS: The data of 176 patients with FK diagnosed by etiology in Jingzhou Central Hospital from January 2015 to July 2020 were collected, and the epidemiological characteristics, identification results of fungal strains, drug sensitivity and clinical treatment outcome of the patients were analyzed. RESULTS:Among the 176 patients with FK, 118 were male and 58 were female, and the ratio of male to female is 2.03:1. The age of onset was the largest number of patients in 50-59 years old and 60-69 years old. The peak seasons of onset were April to June and October to December. Risk factors include trauma and possible history of trauma, ocular surface diseases, post ophthalmic surgery, wearing corneal contact lenses and long-term local drug use. The main pathogens were Fusarium(39.8%), aspergillus(30.7%), alternaria(15.9%)and candida(5.1%). The results of drug sensitivity showed that voriconazole and amphotericin B were sensitive, while the drug resistance rate of fluconazole was very high. There were 125 eyes improved or cured after conservative treatment, 12 eyes were injected into corneal stroma, 15 eyes were covered with conjunctival flap or amniotic membrane transplantation, and 21 eyes were treated with corneal transplantation. Enucleation of ocular contents was performed in 8 eyes, including 5 eyes with severe endophthalmitis after conjunctival flap covering. CONCLUSION:The incidence of FK in Jingzhou area is mostly middle-aged and elderly men, mostly caused by corneal trauma in the process of agricultural labor. The main pathogens were fusarium and aspergillus. It is very important to select reasonable antifungal drugs and treatment methods according to the drug sensitivity results.

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