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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 489-504, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929090

ABSTRACT

Studies have shown that spatial attention remarkably affects the trial-to-trial response variability shared between neurons. Difficulty in the attentional task adjusts how much concentration we maintain on what is currently important and what is filtered as irrelevant sensory information. However, how task difficulty mediates the interactions between neurons with separated receptive fields (RFs) that are attended to or attended away is still not clear. We examined spike count correlations between single-unit activities recorded simultaneously in the primary visual cortex (V1) while monkeys performed a spatial attention task with two levels of difficulty. Moreover, the RFs of the two neurons recorded were non-overlapping to allow us to study fluctuations in the correlated responses between competing visual inputs when the focus of attention was allocated to the RF of one neuron. While increasing difficulty in the spatial attention task, spike count correlations were either decreased to become negative between neuronal pairs, implying competition among them, with one neuron (or none) exhibiting attentional enhancement of firing rate, or increased to become positive, suggesting inter-neuronal cooperation, with one of the pair showing attentional suppression of spiking responses. Besides, the modulation of spike count correlations by task difficulty was independent of the attended locations. These findings provide evidence that task difficulty affects the functional interactions between different neuronal pools in V1 when selective attention resolves the spatial competition.


Subject(s)
Animals , Attention/physiology , Macaca mulatta , Neurons/physiology , Photic Stimulation , Primary Visual Cortex , Visual Cortex/physiology
2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 397-402, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935879

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the molecular mechanism of cleft palate in mice induced by 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Methods: The pregnant mice were randomly divided into TCDD-treated group (n=42) and control group (n=42). TCDD-treated group was given by gavage a single dose of TCDD (64 μg/kg) at 8: 00 AM on gestation day 10 (GD10) and the control group was given by gavage the isopyknic corn oil. At GD13-GD15, the fetal mice palate development was observed by HE staining. The mouse embryonic palatal mesenchymal cell proliferation was detected by 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) immunofluorescence. The localization and expression of maternally expressed gene3 (MEG3) in mouse embryonic palatal mesenchymal cells was detected by situ hybridization and real-time PCR (RT-PCR). The key protein expressions of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad signaling pathway in mouse embryonic palatal mesenchyme were analyzed by Western blotting. The interaction of MEG3 and TGF-β receptor Ⅰ (TGF-βRⅠ) was examined by RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP). Results: At GD13 and GD14, compared with the control group, the ratio of BrdU-positive cells in the palatal mesenchyme of TCDD-treated fetuses decreased significantly (GD13, t=6.66, P=0.003; GD14, t=6.56, P=0.003). However, at GD15, the ratio of BrdU-positive cells was significantly increased (t=-5.98, P=0.004). MEG3 was mainly expressed in the nuclei of fetal mouse palatal mesenchymal cells, and the expression of MEG3 in TCDD group was significantly increased at GD13, GD14 and GD15(GD13, t=39.28, P=0.012; GD14, t=18.75, P=0.042; GD15, t=28.36, P=0.045). At GD14, TCDD decreased the levels of p-Smad2 and Smad4 in embryonic palate mesenchymal cells (p-Smad2, t=9.48, P=0.001;Smad4, t=63.10, P=0.001), whereas the expression of Smad7 was significantly increased at GD14 (t=30.77, P<0.001). The results of the RIP experiment showed that the amount of TGF-βRⅠ-bound MEG3 in mouse embryonic palatal mesenchymal cells in the TCDD group (23.940±1.301) was higher than that in the control group (8.537±1.523)(t=24.55, P<0.001). Conclusions: MEG3 is involved in the suppression of mouse embryonic palatal mesenchymal cell proliferation, functioning at least in part via interacting with the TGF-βRⅠ protein and thereby suppressing Smad signaling in the context of TCDD induced cleft palate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cleft Palate/genetics , Female , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Palate/metabolism , Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins/toxicity , Pregnancy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935814

ABSTRACT

Objective: A method for the determination of acetochlor and its metabolites in urine by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was established. Methods: After cleaned-up by a HLB extraction cartridges, the urine was eluted with 1% acetic acid acetonitrile solution. The target compounds were separated by ACQUITY UPLC®HSS T3 Column (2.1 mm×100 mm×1.8 μm) by using 1% formic acid solution and acetonitrile as mobile phase with gradient elution program, and analyzed in positive electrospray ionization mode by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Results: All the target compounds showed good linear relationships in the range of 1-50 μg/L, and the correlation coefficients (r) were higher than 0.997. The recoveries rates at three different spiked levels for all target compounds in blank matrices were 107.6%-129.1%, and the relative standard deviations (RSD) were 1.5%-9.9% (n=6) . The limits of detection and quantitation of the method were 0.04-0.11 μg/L and 0.15-0.42 μg/L, respectively, and target substances were detected in all urine samples from occupational exposure workers to acetochlor. Conclusion: This method is suitable for rapid screening and analysis of acetochlor and metabolites in urine with the advantages of accuracy, rapidity, simplicity, high sensitivity and good specificity.


Subject(s)
Acetonitriles , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Humans , Solid Phase Extraction , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Toluidines
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935334

ABSTRACT

Based on the Global Burden of Disease study 2019, the standardized mortality rate and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) rate of children under 5 years old were selected as evaluation indicators to compare and analyze the current situation and differences of disease burden of children under 5 years old between China and other regions from 1990 to 2019. The change trend and difference of disease burden of children under 5 years old in China were analyzed by sexes. From 1990 to 2019, the all-cause standardized mortality rate of children under 5 years old in China decreased from 1 153.81/100 000 to 160.39/100 000, and the all-cause standardized DALY rate decreased from 104 426.40/100 000 to 16 479.01/100 000. In 2019, neonatal preterm birth, congenital heart anomalies and lower respiratory infections ranked the top three disease burden of children under 5 years old in China. Except that the disease burden of neonatal preterm birth was lower than that in North America, they were much higher than that in Western Europe and North America in the same period. The burden of unintentional injury diseases, including pulmonary aspiration and foreign body in airway and drowning, was higher than that in Western Europe and North America. The standardized mortality and DALY rate of the top ten diseases and injuries in boys and girls under 5 years old in China showed a downward trend (P<0.05), and most of them were higher in boys than girls (P<0.05). From 1990 to 2019, the disease burden of children under 5 years old in China decreased significantly. However, compared other regions, it is still necessary to strengthen the prevention and control of neonatal premature birth, birth defects and unintentional injuries, and take different sex-specific interventions to improve the overall health of children.


Subject(s)
Accidental Injuries , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cost of Illness , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Risk Factors
5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1373-1376, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935016

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the infection characteristics and clinical treatment outcome of patients with fungal keratitis(FK)in Jingzhou area, so as to provide basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment of FK. METHODS: The data of 176 patients with FK diagnosed by etiology in Jingzhou Central Hospital from January 2015 to July 2020 were collected, and the epidemiological characteristics, identification results of fungal strains, drug sensitivity and clinical treatment outcome of the patients were analyzed. RESULTS:Among the 176 patients with FK, 118 were male and 58 were female, and the ratio of male to female is 2.03:1. The age of onset was the largest number of patients in 50-59 years old and 60-69 years old. The peak seasons of onset were April to June and October to December. Risk factors include trauma and possible history of trauma, ocular surface diseases, post ophthalmic surgery, wearing corneal contact lenses and long-term local drug use. The main pathogens were Fusarium(39.8%), aspergillus(30.7%), alternaria(15.9%)and candida(5.1%). The results of drug sensitivity showed that voriconazole and amphotericin B were sensitive, while the drug resistance rate of fluconazole was very high. There were 125 eyes improved or cured after conservative treatment, 12 eyes were injected into corneal stroma, 15 eyes were covered with conjunctival flap or amniotic membrane transplantation, and 21 eyes were treated with corneal transplantation. Enucleation of ocular contents was performed in 8 eyes, including 5 eyes with severe endophthalmitis after conjunctival flap covering. CONCLUSION:The incidence of FK in Jingzhou area is mostly middle-aged and elderly men, mostly caused by corneal trauma in the process of agricultural labor. The main pathogens were fusarium and aspergillus. It is very important to select reasonable antifungal drugs and treatment methods according to the drug sensitivity results.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 327-334, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931546

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the relationship between interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10 gene polymorphisms and autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD).Methods:Literature search was conducted through databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, Embase, Wanfang Database and VIP.com, and domestic and foreign literatures related to IL-6, IL-10 gene polymorphisms and AITD were included in the study. The time limit was from the self-built of the databases to July 2021. Meta-analysis was performed with STATA 16.0 software, the odds ratio ( OR) and 95% confidence interval ( CI) were used as effect indicators, random-effect or fixed-effect model was selected according to the heterogeneity results, and the source of heterogeneity was explored through subgroup analysis. Publication bias was assessed using funnel plots and Egger's test. Results:Finally, 19 literatures were included, all in English. There were 12 studies on IL-6 genes and 11 studies on IL-10 genes, including 4 studies on both IL-6 and IL-10 genes. In the whole population, the loci associated with AITD were IL-6 -174 G/C site (GG vs CC + GC: OR =1.94, 95% CI = 1.01 - 3.76), IL-6 -572 G/C site (GG + GC vs CC: OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.29 - 0.84; GG vs CC + GC: OR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.60 - 0.96; GG + CC vs GC: OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.49 - 0.81), IL-10 -819 T/C site (TT + TC vs CC: OR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.01 - 3.34; T vs C: OR = 1.59, 95% CI = 1.00 - 2.51), and IL-10 -1 082 A/G site (AA + AG vs GG: OR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.64 - 0.92; AA vs GG + AG: OR = 2.03, 95% CI = 1.16 - 3.58; A vs G: OR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.61 - 0.94). The results of subgroup analysis showed that in Asian population, the loci associated with AITD were IL-6 -174 G/C site (GG vs CC + GC: OR = 4.61, 95% CI = 1.11 - 19.23; G vs C: OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.44 - 0.97); IL-6 -572 G/C site (GG vs CC + GC: OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.41 - 0.99; GG + CC vs GC: OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.38 - 0.94); IL-10 -819 T/C site (TT + TC vs CC: OR = 2.51, 95% CI = 1.48 - 4.25; T vs C: OR = 1.91, 95% CI = 1.05 - 3.46); and IL-10 -1 082 A/G site (AA + AG vs GG: OR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.52 - 0.84; AA vs GG + AG: OR = 2.83, 95% CI = 1.54 - 5.21; A vs G: OR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.53 - 0.82). Conclusion:IL-6 -174 G/C, IL-6 -572 G/C, IL-10 -819 T/C and IL-10 -1 082 A/G polymorphisms are associated with the susceptibility to AITD, especially in Asians.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930131

ABSTRACT

Bianzheng was a special gasification law, closely related to metabolism Physiologically. The children's Bianzheng was the internal basis for sound physical and mental development and the dynamic balance of the five internal organs. As to the pathology, children's Bianzheng disorders had an adverse effect on the body. The ancient books found that children's Bianzheng disorders were closely related to the dysfunction of liver and spleen. It was manifested as malnutrition, developmental disorders, and even metabolic syndrome in adulthood. The principle of soothing the liver, relieving depression and strengthening the spleen were proposed to treat the metabolic syndrome, in order to enrich the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theoretical understanding of the metabolic syndrome. The prevention and treatment ideas provide theoretical reference.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940563

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study on the correlation between the apparent color, near-infrared spectroscopy and dynamic changes of index constituent content of samples during the processing of steamed Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and to provide reference for the processing process optimization and quality control of this decoction piece. MethodSamples were dried and crushed by setting three steaming temperature gradients of 100-105, 114-118, 130-136 ℃, and sampled at steaming times of 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 h, respectively. The effects of different steaming temperatures and times on the color and absorption of steamed Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma at different infrared wavelengths were observed, and principal component analysis and cluster analysis were performed on the obtained data by R 4.1.0 and SPSS 21.0 software to observe the changes in color and infrared absorption characteristics of samples. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was employed to determine the content changes of notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Re, 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3 before and after steaming of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, mobile phase was acetonitrile (A)-water (B) for gradient elution (0-30 min, 19%A; 30-60 min, 19%-44%A; 60-78 min, 44%-74%A; 78-80 min, 74%-100%A; 80-86 min, 100%A; 86-87 min, 100%-19%A; 87-95 min, 19%A) with the detection wavelength of 203 nm. ResultDuring the steaming process of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, with the increase of steaming temperature and time, the b* (yellow-blue value), L* (brightness), △E* (comprehensive color difference value) of sample powder showed a decreasing trend, while the a* (red-green value) showed an increasing trend, and the color gradually deepened from gray to brown and dark black. There was no significant difference in the infrared absorption between raw and steamed Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma sample powder in the low and medium wavelength bands, but significant difference in the infrared absorption of high band, especially in the band of 9 600-10 000 cm-1. HPLC showed that the contents of the original components (notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rg1, Re and Rb1) decreased and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3 were newly produced after steaming of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The content proportion of these six index components reached the best when the steaming temperature at 130-136 ℃ and the steaming time of 1 h. ConclusionThe color and infrared absorption of samples are affected by the dynamic changes of chemical composition during the steaming process, and the composition change is the result of the joint influence of steaming temperature and time. In this paper, through multi-dimensional analysis of the apparent color indexes, the change pattern of near-infrared absorption characteristics and the index components of the samples, the different process parameters of steamed Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were evaluated holistically, and the quality transfer pattern of its processing process was initially revealed, which can provide scientific basis for processing optimization and quality evaluation of steamed Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940530

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the correlation between the apparent color, comprehensive sweetness and the content of main components in the preparation of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, so as to lay a foundation for revealing the processing principle of Rehmanniae Radix. MethodThe color of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata sample powder was measured by automatic colorimeter, the contents of 14 active components in samples with different heating time points were determined by high performance liquid chromatography, including 7 glycosides of catalpol, rehmannia glycoside D, leonurine glycoside, 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, verbascoside, isoacteoside and hesperidin, and 7 carbohydrates of D-fructose, glucose, sucrose, melibiose, raffinose, manninotriose and stachyose), and the mobile phase was acetonitrile-water for gradient elution. The comprehensive sweetness difference of sample was calculated by the sweetness of saccharides, SPSS 21.0 was used to analyze the relationship between the color, comprehensive sweetness and the main component contents in the processing of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, the quality comprehensive evaluation index of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata by triangular area method was established. ResultDuring the processing, the color value of the powder increased, and the apparent color of the sample became darker. the content determination results showed that the content of glycosides decreased, monosaccharides and comprehensive sweetness increased with the increase of heating time. The results of correlation analysis showed that chromaticity value, comprehensive sweetness were significant negatively correlated with the content of iridoid glycosides (P<0.01), the chromaticity value was significant positively correlated with the contents of furaldehyde derivatives, phenylethanoid glycosides, flavonoids and comprehensive sweetness was significant positively correlated with the contents of furaldehyde derivatives, phenylethanoid glycosides (P<0.01), and the comprehensive sweetness was positively correlated with the content of flavonoids (P<0.05). After 52 h of processing, the comprehensive evaluation index of samples reached 0.99. ConclusionThe overall trend of cluster analysis of powder chromaticity value of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata is basically consistent with that of naked eyes, the comprehensive quality evaluation of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium can be carried out by combining the three indexes of powder chromaticity value, comprehensive sweetness and glycosides content.

10.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 429-441, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939872

ABSTRACT

The local microenvironment is essential to stem cell-based therapy for ischemic stroke, and spatiotemporal changes of the microenvironment in the pathological process provide vital clues for understanding the therapeutic mechanisms. However, relevant studies on microenvironmental changes were mainly confined in the acute phase of stroke, and long-term changes remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the microenvironmental changes in the subacute and chronic phases of ischemic stroke after stem cell transplantation. Herein, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and neural stem cells (NSCs) were transplanted into the ischemic brain established by middle cerebral artery occlusion surgery. Positron emission tomography imaging and neurological tests were applied to evaluate the metabolic and neurofunctional alterations of rats transplanted with stem cells. Quantitative proteomics was employed to investigate the protein expression profiles in iPSCs-transplanted brain in the subacute and chronic phases of stroke. Compared with NSCs-transplanted rats, significantly increased glucose metabolism and neurofunctional scores were observed in iPSCs-transplanted rats. Subsequent proteomic data of iPSCs-transplanted rats identified a total of 39 differentially expressed proteins in the subacute and chronic phases, which are involved in various ischemic stroke-related biological processes, including neuronal survival, axonal remodeling, antioxidative stress, and mitochondrial function restoration. Taken together, our study indicated that iPSCs have a positive therapeutic effect in ischemic stroke and emphasized the wide-ranging microenvironmental changes in the subacute and chronic phases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Disease Models, Animal , Ischemic Stroke , Proteomics , Rats , Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Stroke/therapy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928856

ABSTRACT

In order to effectively prevent the damage to the human body caused by abnormal oxygen concentration in the medical hyperbaric oxygen chamber, a ZigBee-based medical hyperbaric oxygen chamber oxygen concentration automatic control system is designed. The data acquisition module uses the microprocessor STM32F103C8T6 to receive the oxygen concentration data of each acquisition point, and the ZigBee of the data processing module transmits the processing results to the MSP430G2553 single-chip microcomputer at the receiving end of the slave. The MSP430G2553 single-chip microcomputer uses a self-organizing TS fuzzy neural network (SOTSFNN) and adds activation. The intensity concept realizes automatic control of the oxygen concentration in the hyperbaric oxygen chamber, and controls the buzzer to give an alarm when the oxygen concentration is lower than 19 mg/L and higher than 23 mg/L, and displays the current real-time oxygen concentration through LCD12864. The experimental results show that as the communication distance increases, the packet loss rate of the system is always lower than 5%, and the signal strength under the same communication distance is better; the system can effectively control the oxygen concentration value within the set range, and the oxygen concentration. The control accuracy is high and the stability is good.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Microcomputers , Oxygen
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875675

ABSTRACT

Objective To find the effect of leonurine on LPS-induced macrophages activation and its potential mechanism. Methods Mouse primary peritoneal macrophages were isolated and pretreated for 24 h with LPS and leonurine. MTT assay was used to detect the cell viability of macrophages. The production of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-18 in culture medium were tested by ELISA, and the production of NO was detected by Griess reagent. The mRNA expression of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, TNF-α, iNOS, Arg-1 and CD206 were detected by RT-PCR, and the protein expression of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 were detected by Western blotting. Results LPS can significantly increase the releases of NO、IL-1β、IL-6、TNF-α and IL-18 from macrophages. Leonurine can suppress the expression of pro-inflammatory factor levels, such as IL-1β (P<0.05), IL-18 (P<0.05), NO(P<0.05), IL-6(P<0.05) and TNF-α (P<0.05). Leonurine can decrease the activation of macrophage as well as the expression of NLRP3 Inflammasome.Protein expressions of NLRP3、ASC、caspase-1 were mitigated. Conclution Leonurine exerts beneficial effects through M1/M2 phenotypic differentiation of peritoneal macrophage via inhibiting overactivation of NLRP3 inflammasome. These findings suggest that leonurine might have a therapeutic potential for pelvic inflammatory disease.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908603

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of phacoemulsification+ goniosynechialysis (Phaco-GSL) and Phaco alone for chronic primary angle-closure glaucoma (CPACG) patients with peripheral anterior synechia (PAS)≤180° combined cataract.Methods:A cohort study was performed.Fifty-two eyes with CPACG in 40 patients who underwent Phaco-GSL and Phaco-alone in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from February 2014 to October 2018 were enrolled.The patients were divided into Phaco-GSL group (22 cases, 29 eyes) and Phaco-alone group (18 cases, 23 eyes) according to different surgeries.Goldmann applanation tonometer was used to measure intraocular pressure (IOP) before operation and 1 day, 1 week and 1, 3, 6, 12, 18 months after operation.Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was examined with a standard logarithmic visual acuity chart.The number of anti-glaucoma drugs was calculated in the follow-up duration.The change of PAS was observed by ultrasound biomicroscopy and indentation gonioscopy.The intra- and post-operative complications and their management were analyzed and compared.This research protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (No.S-K1352). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination.Results:There was no significant difference in IOP between the Phaco-GSL group and the Phaco-alone group ( Fgroup=1.569, P=0.223). A significant difference was found in IOP among various time points in different groups ( Ftime=7.762, P<0.01). The IOP of the eyes were significantly reduced at various time points postoperatively in comparison with the preoperative IOP in each group (all at P<0.001). There was no significant intergroup difference in BCVA ( Fgroup=1.996, P=0.172), however, a significant difference was found in BCVA among different time points in both groups ( Ftime=95.737, P<0.01). The postoperative 6- and 18-month BCVA was significantly improved in comparison with before surgery in both groups (all at P<0.001). The number of anti-glaucoma medicines used was significantly decreased at postoperative 1, 6, 12, 18 months in comparison with preoperation in both groups (all at P<0.05), and the anti-glaucoma medicines used in the Phaco-GSL group was less than that in the Phaco-alone group at 6, 12 and 18 months after surgery (all at P<0.05). The ranage of PAS at 18 months after surgery was 45 (0, 90)° and 100 (90, 140)° in the Phaco-GSL group and Phaco-alone group, respectively.The range of PAS in the Phaco-GSL group at postoperative 1, 3, 6, 12, 18 months was significantly smaller than preoperation in the Phaco-alone group (all at P<0.05). The incidence of intra- and post-operative complications in the Phaco-GSL group was significantly higher than that in the Phaco-alone group ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Both Phaco-GSL and Phaco-alone can reduce IOP and improve visual acuity in CPACG with PAS≤180° combined cataract patients.Phaco-GSL can maintain the gonio open and reduce the use of anti-glaucoma medicines and show a good safety.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906283

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on database mining, the high-frequency compatibility of Caryophylli Fols as the core in formulas for treating diarrhea was analyzed, and the network pharmacology was used to elucidate the mechanism of the core drug group containing Caryophylli Fols in the treatment of diarrhea. Method:The online database of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was intelligently crawled by Python 3.8.1 programming, and the compatibility rules of Caryophylli Fols were analyzed, and the TCM with support≥0.30, confidence≥0.90 and lift≥1.00 was set as the core drug group of Caryophylli Fols. The components were searched and screened by TCM Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the disease targets were collected in Therapeutic Target Datebase (TTD), GeneCards and DisGeNET database with "Diarrhea" as the key word. The network diagram of "TCM-ingredients-potential targets" was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.1 software, and the network of protein-protein interaction (PPI) was constructed by STRING 11.0. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis of potential targets was analyzed by R language, and the components of the core drug group were preliminarily verified and evaluated by Discovery Studio Client 2016 software. Result:A total of 155 formulas containing Caryophylli Fols for treating diarrhea were screened, involving 54 TCMs. The analysis of association rules showed that Caryophylli Fols was strongly associated with Myristicae Semen, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Aucklandiae Radix and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma in the treatment of diarrhea. The core drug group composed of these five TCMs involved 119 kinds of TCM ingredients and 114 potential targets, of which 104 potential targets were distributed in the nervous system, and the key targets were tumor protein p53 (TP53), transcription factor activator protein-1 (JUN), mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 (MAPK8), interleukin-6 (IL-6), 90 kDa heat shock protein <italic>α</italic>A1 (HSP90AA1) and so on. GO enrichment analysis mainly involved biological processes such as the regulation of neurotransmitter levels, blood circulation, hormone-mediated signal pathway and regulation of chemical synaptic transmission. IL-17 signal pathway, helper T cell 17 (Th17) cell differentiation, epidermal growth factor receptor and salmonella infection in KEGG pathways were closely related to the treatment of diarrhea. Molecular docking showed that the key target protein had high affinity with quercetin, kaempferol and <italic>β</italic>-sitosterol. Conclusion:The multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways involved in the core drug group of Caryophylli Fols are closely related to inflammation and nervous system, so it is speculated that it may treat diarrhea by repairing intestinal shielding integrity and regulating the levels of neurotransmitters.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888010

ABSTRACT

This study explores the emulsifying material basis of Angelicae Sinensis Radix volatile oil (ASRVO) based on partial least squares (PLS) method and hydrophile-lipophile balance (HLB) value.The turbidity of ASRVO emulsion samples from Gansu,Yunnan,and Qinghai was determined and the chemical components in the emulsion were analyzed by GC-MS.The PLS model was established with the chemical components as the independent variable and the turbidity as the dependent variable and evaluated with indexes R~2X and R~2Y.The chemical components which were in positive correlation with the turbidity were selected and the HLB values were calculated to determine the emulsification material basis of ASRVO.The PLS models for the 81 emulsion samples had high R~2X and R~2Y values,which showed good fitting ability.Seven chemical components,2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol,trans-ligustilide,3-butylidene-1(3H)-isobenzofuranone,dodecane,1-methyl-4-(1-methylethylidene)-cyclohexene,trans-beta-ocimene,and decane,had positive correlation with turbidity.Particularly,the HLB value of 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol was 4.4,which was the HLB range of surfactants to be emulsifiers and 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol was positively correlated with turbidity of the ASRVO emulsion samples from the main producing area.Therefore,2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol was the emulsifying material basis of ASRVO.The selected emulsifying substances can lay a foundation for exploring the emulsification mechanism and demulsification solution of ASRVO.


Subject(s)
China , Emulsions , Least-Squares Analysis , Oils, Volatile , Surface-Active Agents
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1959-1966, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887632

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS@#Cancer is one of the main causes of death worldwide, seriously threatening human health and life expectancy. We aimed to analyze the cancer incidence and mortality rates during 2016 in Zhejiang Province, Southeast China.@*METHODS@#Data were collected from 14 population-based cancer registries across Zhejiang Province of China. Cancer incidence and mortality rates stratified by sex and region were analyzed. The crude rate, age-standardized rate, age-specific and region-specific rate, and cumulative rate were calculated. The proportions of 10 common cancers in different groups and the incidence and mortality rates of the top five cancers in different age groups were also calculated. The Chinese national census of 2000 and the world Segi population was used for calculating the age-standardized incidence and mortality rates.@*RESULTS@#The 14 cancer registries covered a population of 14,250,844 individuals, accounting for 29.13% of the population of Zhejiang Province. The total reported cancer cases and deaths were 55,835 and 27,013, respectively. The proportion of morphological verification (MV%) was 78.95% of the population, and percentage of incident cases identified through death certificates only (DCO%) was 1.23% with a mortality-to-incidence ratio (M/I ratio) of 0.48. The crude incidence rate in Zhejiang cancer registration areas was 391.80/105; the age-standardized incidence rate of the Chinese standard population (ASIRC) and the age-standardized incidence rate of the world standard population (ASIRW) were 229.76/105 and 220.96/105, respectively. The incidence rate in men was higher than that in women. The incidence rate increased rapidly after 45 years of age and peaked in individuals aged 80 to 84 years. The top 10 incidence rates of cancers were lung cancer, female breast cancer, thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, prostate cancer, cervical cancer, esophageal cancer, and pancreatic cancer (from highest to lowest). The crude mortality rate in Zhejiang cancer registration areas was 189.55/105; the age-standardized mortality rate of the Chinese standard population (ASMRC) and the age-standardized mortality rate of the world standard population (ASMRW) were 94.46/105 and 93.42/105, respectively. The mortality rate in men was higher than that in women, and the male population in rural areas was higher than that in urban areas. The cancer mortality rate increased rapidly after 50 years of age and peaked in individuals aged 85+ years. The top 10 mortality rates of cancers were lung cancer, liver cancer, stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, esophageal cancer, female breast cancer, prostate cancer, lymphoma, and leukemia (from highest to lowest).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lung cancer, female breast cancer, thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, liver cancer, and stomach cancer were the most common cancers in Zhejiang Province. Effective prevention and control measures should be established after considering the different characteristics of cancers in urban and rural areas.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Registries , Rural Population , Urban Population
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886764

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistance protein 1 (PfMDR1), chloroquine resistance transporter (PfCRT) and Kelch 13 (PfK13) genes in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, so as to provide insights into the development of the malaria control strategy in local areas. Methods A total of 85 peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with Plasmodium falciparum infections in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea in 2018 and 2019, and genomic DNA was extracted. The PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes were amplified using a nested PCR assay. The amplification products were sequenced, and the gene sequences were aligned. Results There were no mutations associated with artemisinin resistance in PfK13 gene in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, while drug-resistant mutations were detected in PfMDR1 and PfCRT genes, and the proportions of PfMDR1_N86Y, PfMDR1_Y184F and PfCRT_K76T mutations were 35.29% (30/85), 72.94% (62/85) and 24.71% (21/85), respectively. Conclusion There are mutations in PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes in P. falciparum isolates from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886102

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation of college students' knowledge, attitude and practice of new infectious diseases, to explore the influencing factors, and to provide references for the prevention and control of new infectious diseases among college students. Methods During the epidemic period, questionnaire on college students' knowledge, attitude and practice of new infectious diseases was used to conduct an online survey of college students nationwide. Results There were significant differences in the scores of knowledge among the students of different gender, major and province (F values were -8.26, 15.30, P < 0.01); The compliance rates of wearing masks and washing hands among the students of different gender were different (P < 0.01); The score of cognition level outside Hubei Province was higher than that in Hubei Province (P < 0.01); The compliance rates of wearing masks among the students with or without suspected cases were different (P < 0.05); There was a significant difference in the compliance rate of home quarantine between Hubei Province and other provinces (P < 0.01); There was a significant difference in the belief scores of college students of different majors (P < 0.01); The sources of Covid-19 knowledge included microblog, Wechat, QQ, and major forums, accounting for 95.1%, TV, radio, and newspaper, accounting for 89.5%, news website, accounting for 86.4%, family or friends, accounting for 64.50%, and community Village Committee propaganda, accounting for58.50%. College Students' knowledge and belief were positively correlated with behaviors (β = 0.079, 0.076, P < 0.05). Conclusion In view of the different characteristics of college students, different publicity plans should be formulated. The key to improve their prevention and control behavior is to strengthen the publicity of new infectious diseases knowledge and enhance their belief.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness and safety of middle-column preserved pedicle subtraction closing-opening wedge osteotomy for the treatment of stiff kyphosis.Methods:From January 2016 to April 2018, 12 patients with stiff kyphosis in our department were treated with middle-column preserved pedicle subtraction closing-opening wedge osteotomy. The patients' operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage, surgical complications, low back pain and leg pain visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) score, and SF-36 were recorded.These parameters were compared at preoperative, postoperative, and at the final follow-up. Coronal parameters included lumbar scoliosis Cobb angle, C 7 vertebral body center to humeral vertical line distance (C 7PL-CSVL), whilesagittal parameters includedlumbar Lordosis (LL), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), and sagittalvertical axis (SVA). Results:All of 12 patients successfully completed the operation.The mean operation time was 238.20±65.95 min, the mean intraoperative blood loss was 440.50±133.60 ml.The patients’ODI score was 65.92%±6.96% at the preoperative, and 21.00%±3.19% at the final follow-up. The difference was statistically significant ( t=20.32, P<0.0001).The VAS score of back pain was 6.00±0.95 at preoperative, 2.33±0.89 at 3 months postoperatively, and 1.42±0.51 at the final follow-up. The VAS score of leg pain was 6.91±1.24 at preoperative, 2.50±1.00 at 3 months postoperatively, and1.50±0.52 at the final follow-up. There was significant difference in SF-36 at preoperative and at final follow-up ( P<0.05). The differences in LL, SS, PT and SVA at the preoperative and at final follow-up were statistically significant ( F=17.47, P<0.001; F=5.015, P=0.0125; F=14.66, P<0.001; F=81.11, P<0.001) . There was significant difference in lumbar scoliosis Cobb angle and C 7PL-CSVL at the preoperative and at final follow-up ( F=87.19, P<0.001; F=100.9, P<0.001) . Conclusion:The advantages of this surgical procedure includesimple operation, reducedsurgery time, and shorten intraoperative bleeding, which can effectively relief clinical symptoms, improve the quality of life, correctkyphosis, and maintain the patient's spinal-pelvic balance.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1653-1662, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881557

ABSTRACT

We explored the pharmacodynamic material basis and network regulatory mechanism of Fufang Yuxingcao Mixture (FYM) for the treatment of fever and inflammation. Targets of the 25 compounds in FYM were predicted according to the reverse pharmacophore method and TCMSP, UniProt database. Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment and pathway analysis of the targets was analyzed by Omicsbean software and the Kyoto Gene and Genome Encyclopedia (KEGG) database. A "compound-target-pathway-pharmacological action-effect" network was established with Cytoscape 3.6.1 software. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cell inflammation model was used to verify the anti-inflammatory effects of FYM and its 10 important components. The network pharmacology experiment showed that 25 compounds affected 97 pathways through 211 targets, of which 15 key targets [including RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), insulin (INS), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), interleukin-6 (IL-6), cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN), caspase-3 (CASP3), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), interleukin-8 (IL-8), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), proto-oncogene c-Fos (FOS), tyrosine-protein kinase SRC (SRC), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (MAPK8), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1)] and 46 pathways (including NF-kappa B signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, arachidonic acid metabolism, cAMP signaling pathway, T cell receptor signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway, inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, chemokine signaling pathway, Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, etc.) were related to anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, immune regulation, and analgesia. In vitro cell experiments showed that FYM and the 10 components (including isoquercitrin, luteoloside, baicalein, wogonin, wogonoside, phillyrin, forsythoside A, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, and sweroside) could significantly reduce the expression of nitric oxide (NO), TNF-α and IL-6 in cell supernatants, indicating that the above 10 components may be the key pharmacodynamic material basis of FYM.

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