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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 912-915, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934837

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study conducts a Meta analysis on the epidemiological studies of obesity and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in order to explore the relationship between autism spectrum disorder and obesity in children and adolescents, and to provide some guidance for improving the quality of daily life of children and adolescents with ASD.@*Methods@#PubMed and CNKI (January,2010-January,2022) were systematically searched for literature related to autism spectrum disorders reported the or value by Meta analysis, and compared the weight, BMI acquisition method.@*Results@#A total of 11 literatures were selected for analysis. The total sample included 336 830 participants, including 58 187 patients with ASD and 278 643 patients with normal development. Through Meta analysis, children and adolescents with ASD had a higher risk of obesity than normal people ( OR=1.80, 95%CI = 1.74 -1.86). when stratified by BMI acquisition, autistic patients with BMI obtained from objective measurement, medical records and parents reports had a higher risk of obesity than normal people, and the OR value (95% CI ) was 1.43(1.04-1.96),5.23( 4.44- 6.16),2.57(1.79-3.69). When stratified by age, children and adolescents with ASD aged 14 to 20 years had a higher risk of obesity than normal people. The OR value (95% CI ) was 2.19(1.21-3.94).@*Conclusion@#Compared with healthy peers, children and adolescents with ASD have a higher risk of obesity. ASD patients need guidance in diet and physical activity, especially in adolescence, to prevent obesity or diseases caused by obesity.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905316

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the intervention effects of aquatic therapeutic exercise on functioning and quality of life for children and youth with cerebral palsy within framework of World Health Organization Family International Classifications using systematic review. Methods:Literatures were retrieved and reviewed from the databases of Cochrane Library, PEDro, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Knowledge, Web of Science, OVID, EBSCO, CMCI, CNKI, Wangfang and VIP until May, 2020. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about aquatic therapeutic exercise for children and youth with cerebral palsy for functioning were systematically reviewed. The data were analyzed with RevMan 5.3. Results:Nine RCTs were selected, including 162 children and youth. The score of Gross Motor Function Measure improved significantly after aquatic exercise (WMD = 6.31, 95 %CI 2.57 to 10.06, P < 0.001), as well as daily activities and quality of life. Conclusion:Aquatic therapeutic exercise can help improve the gross motor function of children and youth with cerebral palsy, and has positive effects on function of activity and quality of life.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921774

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to qualitatively analyze the chemical components in Xiaoer Chiqiao Qingre Granules(XRCQ) by UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS/MS and identify its material basis. The absorbed components in plasma were combined for exploring the potential action mechanism by integrated network pharmacology. ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) column and mobile phase system of 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) were used for gradient elution, followed by high resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in both positive and negative ion scanning modes. According to the precise relative molecular mass and MS/MS fragment ions, a total of 124 chemical components were identified in XRCQ by the comparison with references and literature reports, among which 29 compounds were completely confirmed by comparison with reference substances. Then, the main absorbed components of XRCQ in plasma were also analyzed and clarified by UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS/MS. BATMAN-TCM and SwissTargetPrediction were used for target prediction of absorbed components in plasma. Following the plotting of association network with Cytoscape 3.8.2, the core targets were subjected to GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis and a component-target-pathway network was constructed. A total of eight main targets of XRCQ against fever in children were obtained together with eight absorbed components in plasma, including glycyrhydinic acid, hesperidin, emodin, reticuline, daidzein, magnolignan C, magnolignan A, and magnolaldehyde D. It was inferred that XRCQ might improve alimentary system abnormality, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and endocrine disorder through tumor necrosis factor, PI3 K-AKT, and other signaling pathways. The present study comprehensively expounded the chemical profiles of XRCQ and the main absorbed components in plasma and predicted the potential mechanism of XRCQ based on integrated network pharmacology, which has provided certain theoretical reference for the clinical application of XRCQ.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Network Pharmacology , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of aquatic exercise on lower-limb motor function and activities of daily living for patients with stroke. Methods:The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about effects of aquatic therapeutic exercise on stroke patients were recalled from the databases of Cochrane Library, PEDro, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Knowledge, Web of Science, OVID, EBSCO, CMCI, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP. The methodological quality of the included RCTs was evaluated. The data were extracted, and analysed with RevMan 5.3. Results:A total of 23 RCTs that represented 861 participants were evaluated. Compared with the control group, aquatic exercise significantly improved the performance of Berg Balance Scale (WMD = 2.69, 95%CI 1.21 to 4.16,P < 0.001), Timed Up and Go Test (WMD = -1.56, 95%CI -3.07 to -0.05,P < 0.05), Functional Reach Test (WMD = 2.69, 95%CI 1.21 to 4.16,P < 0.001), sway velocity of center of pressure (SVCOP) (left/right) (WMD = -1.38, 95%CI -2.72 to -0.05,P < 0.05), SVCOP (anteroposterior) (WMD = -1.64, 95%CI -3.10 to  -0.18,P < 0.05), walking speed (SMD = 0.33, 95%CI 0.07 to 0.58,P < 0.05), Two Minute Walk Test (WMD = 12.75, 95%CI 4.17 to 21.34,P < 0.01), Functional Ambulation Category (WMD = 0.94, 95%CI 0.67 to 1.20,P < 0.001), muscle strength of knee extensor (WMD = 4.30, 95%CI 1.53 to 7.07,P < 0.01), muscle strength of knee flexor (WMD = 4.80, 95%CI 0.29 to 9.32,P < 0.05), and Functional Independence Measurement (WMD = 6.12, 95%CI 3.98 to 8.27,P < 0.001), but not significantly in the score of modified Barthel Index (WMD = 2.92, 95%CI -6.74 to 12.58,P = 0.55). Conclusion:Aquatic exercise can improve balance, walking and muscle strength of lower extremities of stroke patients, but do not for activities of daily living.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905674

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the related factors affecting the functional outcome of adult spinal cord injury and to establish a predictive model. Methods:A retrospective analysis was made on the medical records of 110 adult spinal cord injured patients with paraplegia from September, 2016 to December, 2018. Quantitative indicators that affected functional outcome were systematically collected, including age, length of stay, number of other diagnostic, number of complications, number of comorbidities, number of operations, days from onset to rehabilitation intervention, and the total scores of Lower Extremity Motor Subscore (LEMS), light touch (LT), pin prick (PP) and modified Barthel Index (MBI) at admission (MBIa) and discharge (MBId), the change values and change rates of MBI were calculated. The correlation coefficients among variables were analyzed. Multivariate linear regression models were established for the MBI total score at discharge and change of MBI score from admission to discharge (MBIc). Results:MBId was significantly correlated with MBIa, the total score of LEMS at admission (LEMSa), the total score of PP at admission, the total score of LT at admission, the number of days from onset to rehabilitation intervention, the number of operations and the number of comorbidities. The fitted regression equation was: MBId = 28.24 + 0.52 × MBIa + 0.24 × LEMSa - 1.23 × number of comorbidities (R2 = 0.64, P < 0.001). The MBIc was significantly correlated with MBIa, the days from onset to rehabilitation intervention and the length of stay. The fitted regression equation was: MBIc = 18.44 - 0.29 × MBIa + 0.06 × length of stay (R2 = 0.29, P < 0.001). Conclusion:The spinal cord injured patients with better functional status, higher motor score and less comorbidity at admission, and longer hospitalization have better functional recovery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905529

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of mobile medical technology in aquatic rehabilitation assessment for patients with spinal cord injury. Methods:From November, 2017 to April, 2018, 72 patients with spinal cord injury accepted aquatic exercise were randomly divided into control group (n = 36) and experimental group (n = 36). All the patients were assessed with Water Orientation Assessment of Alyn (WOTA), using paper scale for the control group, mobile scale for the experimental group, twice. The time for assessment and for recall was recorded. The accuracy of results and variety between assessment was compared. Results:The time for assessment and for recall was less in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 10.492, P < 0.001), with more accuracy of standard total score, the variety of total score and standard total score (χ2 > 4.545, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Compared with the paper-based assessment, the assessment based on mobile technology may improve work efficiency.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744574

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of aquatic treadmill training on walking function in stroke patients.Methods From July, 2015 to October, 2017, 33 patients with cerebral infarction were randomly divided into control group (n = 16) and treatment group (n = 17).The control group accepted routine water exercise, while the treatment group accepted aquatic treadmill training in addition, for six weeks. They were assessed with Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), 2 Minute Walk Test (2MWT) and gait analysis before and after six weeks of treatment.Results All the indexes improved in both groups after treatment (t> 2.536, P < 0.05), and the performance of BBS, TUG, 2 MWT, and gait analysis indexes of length, speed and width of steps improved more in the treatment group than in the control group (t> 2.057, P < 0.05). The incidence of improvement was more in in the treatment group than in the control group (χ2= 33, P < 0.001) Conclusion Aquatic treadmill training can improve the walking function for stroke patients.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 852-856, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687029

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>Since the advent of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology a decade ago, enormous progress has been made in stem cell biology and regenerative medicine. Human iPSCs have been widely used for disease modeling, drug discovery, and cell therapy development. In this review, we discuss the progress in applications of iPSC technology that are particularly relevant to drug discovery and regenerative medicine, and consider the remaining challenges and the emerging opportunities in the field.</p><p><b>Data Sources</b>Articles in this review were searched from PubMed database from January 2014 to December 2017.</p><p><b>Study Selection</b>Original articles about iPSCs and cardiovascular diseases were included and analyzed.</p><p><b>Results</b>iPSC holds great promises for human disease modeling, drug discovery, and stem cell-based therapy, and this potential is only beginning to be realized. However, several important issues remain to be addressed.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>The recent availability of human cardiomyocytes derived from iPSCs opens new opportunities to build in vitro models of cardiac disease, screening for new drugs and patient-specific cardiac therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Therapeutics , Embryonic Stem Cells , Physiology , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Physiology , Regenerative Medicine , Methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923887

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To translate the Water Orientation Test of Alyn 2 (WOTA2) into Chinese, and to study its reliability and validity for patients with spinal cord injury. Methods After authorizing, the English version WOTA2 scale and its training package were translated into Chinese. From January to September, 2018, 137 patients with spinal cord injury were evaluated with the Chinese version WOTA2 by two evaluators independently, and evaluated again three days later by one of the evaluators. The Cronbach's α, Spearman-Brown coefficient, intra-group correlation coefficient (ICC) and Kappa coefficient were calculated to evaluate the reliability. Content Validity Index (CVI) of items (I-CVI) and scale (S-CVI) were used to evaluate the content validity, and factors analysis was used to evaluate the structure validity. Results The Cronbach's α was 0.947 in all items of the scale, 0.890 in mental adjustment items and 0.954 in aquatic skills items. Pearson correlation coefficient of the half scales separated by odd and even items was 0.948, and the Spearman-Brown coefficient was 0.973. The ICC of test-retest was 0.965 in total score, 0.965 in centesimal system total score, 0.847 in mental adjustment score and 0.970 in aquatic skills score. The ICC of inter-testers was 0.964 in total score, 0.965 in centesimal system total score, 0.847 in mental adjustment score and 0.970 in aquatic skills score. The Kappa coefficient was 0.528 to 0.927 in test-retest and 0.528 to 0.927 in inter-testers. The I-CVI was 0.8 to 1.0 and S-CVI was 0.63. Factors analysis extracted four factors, which met the theory, and contributed 67% of cumulative variance. Conclusion The Chinese version WOTA2 is good in reliability and validity for patients with spinal cord injury, and can be used in the clinical practice of aquatic therapeutic exercise in China.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278700

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the value of absolute lymphocyte count/absolute monocyte count (ALC/AMC) and its effect on prognosis in patients with primary follicular lymphoma treated with rituximab combined with cyclophosphamide + doxorubicin + vincristine + prednisone (R-CHOP) chemotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy patients with primary follicular lymphomawere in our hospital were treated with R-CHOP chemotherapy, the ALC/AMC value of peripheral blood was recorded, and the prognosis was assessed by the international prognostic index.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to the scores of the international prognostic index, 30 (42.86%) patients with score of 0-1 were enrolled in low-risk group, 21(30.00%), patients with score of 2 were enrolled in as the intermediate-risk group and 19 patients(27.14%) with score of 3-5 were enrolled in high-risk group. In the 3 group, the total effective rate of the low-risk group was the highest (95.24%), second was the intermediate-risk group (86.67%) and the total effective rate of the high-risk group was the lowest (78.95%), which showed that the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); the progression-free survival(PFS) rate of 3 years in the low risk group was the highest (90%), followed by the intermediate-risk group (76.19%), and the PFS rate of the high-risk group was the lowest (52.63%)(P<0.05). The total effective rate of ALC/AMC<4.7 group was significantly lower than that of ALC/AMC ≥4.7 group (68.63% vs 89.47%) (P<0.05), and the PFS rate of 3 years was lower than that of ALC/AMC≥4.7 group (70.59% vs 89.47%) (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that ALC/AMC value in the peripheral blood was an independent prognostic factor for patients with follicular lymphoma (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The value of ALC/AMC in the peripheral blood may be an important marker for evaluation of prognosis in patients with primary follicular lymphoma treated with R-CHOP chemotherapy, which helps to assess the patient' s immune and tumor microenvironment.</p>

11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 395-399, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808742

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and short-term effect of CT guided cryoablation for malignant chest wall or pleural involvement.@*Methods@#To follow up 22 patients with chest wall or pleural involvement of various malignancies who underwent cryoablation from January 2012 to January 2015 by conducting postoperative 1-, 3- and 6-month enhanced CT, MRI or PET-CT examinations, respectively, evaluate local curative effect, and observe their progression-free survival (PFS), postoperative pain remission and complications after the cryoablation.@*Results@#A total of 22 patients with 27 lesions received 26 times of argon-helium cryoablation. According to the coverage situation of immediate postoperative ice balls on the lesions, they were divided into a complete coverage group (Group A with 18 patients) and a partial coverage group (Group B with 4 patients). 1 month later, 15 patients′ tumors were completely ablated, and 3 had residue and thus received the second cryoablation in Group A, while all patients′ tumors had residue in Group B. 3 months later, 17 patients′ tumors were completely ablated, and 1 had residue and thus received another cryoablation in Group A, while all patients′ residual tumors enlarged in different extent in group B. 6 months later, all lesions were ablated in group A while all patients′ residual tumors enlarged in group B. For the 22 patients, their preoperative, and postoperative 1-week, 1-month, 3-month, and 6-month VAS scores were 4.95±0.57, 1.45±0.35, 1.45±0.35, 1.64±1.71, and 2.00±2.35, respectively. The differences in the preoperative, postoperative 1-week, and postoperative 1-month scores are significant statistically (P<0.05), and the difference in the postoperative 1-month and 6-month scores is also with statistical significance (P=0.03). For all patients, their post-operative 1-week, 1-month, 3-monte and 6-month pain remission rates are 90.9%(20/22), 90.9%(20/22), 86.4% (19/22)and 81.8%(18/22), respectively. With a median follow-up of 13.5 months, the median PFS is 7 months. The adverse effect after argon-helium cryoablation involved transitory worsened pain (16 cases), pleural effusion (5 cases, including 3 underwent closed drainage), fever (5 cases), and hemoptysis (3 cases).@*Conclusion@#CT guided argon-helium cryoablation is a safe and effective method to treat malignant chest wall or pleural involvement.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 195-200, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808387

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the predictive and prognostic significance of high-sensitivity modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (HS-mGPS) on the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer.@*Methods@#117 patients with advanced gastric cancer received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with SOX (oxaliplatin+ S1) or mFOLFOX 6(oxaliplatin+ CF+ 5-FU) regimen. HS-mGPS was calculated according to blood C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration and serum albumin (ALB) level. The correlation between HS-mGPS and clinicopathological characteristics was determined and the predictors of survival were analyzed.@*Results@#117 patients with stage ⅡB (43 cases), stage Ⅲ (60), and stage Ⅳ (14) received preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The overall response rate of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was 61.5%(72/117), and the tumor control rate was 88.0% (103/117), with a pathological response rate of 91.5% (107/117). The R0 resection rate was 81.2% (95/117). The median disease-free survival (DFS) was 21.0 (95% CI 6.4-35.6) months. The median overall survival (OS) was 39.0 (95% CI 21.4-56.6) months. Higher HS-mGPS was associated with higher T stage, local lymph-node metastasis, distant metastasis, lower chemotherapy overall response rate and lower pathological response rate (all P<0.05). The univariate analysis and multivariate analysis showed that higher HS-mGPS, presence of local lymph-node metastasis and non R0 resection were associated with poorer DFS and OS (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#HS-mGPS can be used to predict the benefits of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and as an independent prognostic factor for survival in patients with advanced gastric cancer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513280

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of action observation therapy on upper-extremity motor function after ischemic stroke and on the motor cortex using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).Methods Forty patients with ischemic stroke were randomly assigned to an observational group (n =20) or a control group (n =20).Both groups received conventional rehabilitation,while the observational group was additionally provided with action observation therapy for 8 weeks.Both groups were assessed using the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) and the Barthel index (BI) before and after the 8 weeks of treatment and functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed before treatment.Two months after the treatment,nine patients of the experimental group and 8 of the control group who continued to receive their respective treatments after discharge were again assessed using functional magnetic resonance imaging.Results After the treatment the average FMA score and BI score of both the observational group and the control group had increased significantly.The increase in the average FMA score of the observational group was significantly greater than that of the control group.However,there was no significant difference between the two groups in the increases in BI score after 8 weeks of treatment.The fMRI results showed that there was a significantly greater rise in activity in the bilateral precentral gyrus,parietal lobe and the supplementary motor area of the patients in the observational group after the treatment compared with the control group.Conclusion Action observation therapy can improve upper extremity motor function and performance in the activities of daily living after ischemic stroke and induce changes in the excitability of the cerebral motor cortex.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609461

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of action observation therapy on upper-extremity motor function and ability in the activities of daily living after cerebral infarction.Methods Forty-one cerebral infarction survivors were randomly assigned to an observation group (n =21) or a control group (n =20).Both groups were given the conventional rehabilitation treatment,while the observation group additionally received action observation therapy 20 mins per day,6 times per week for 8 weeks.Before and after the 8 weeks of treatment,both groups were assessed using the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA),Wolf's motor function test (WMFT) and the modified Barthel index (MBI).Results Before the intervention there was no significant difference between the groups in any of the measurements.After the 8 weeks of treatment,all of the results in the treatment group were significantly better,on average,than those of the control group.Conclusions Action observation therapy can improve upper-extremity motor function and ability in the activities of daily living after stroke.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510042

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of infrasound on expression of calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and tau pro-tein in hippocampus of rats. Methods Fifty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into control group (n=8), 1-day group (n=8), 7-day group (n=8) and 14-day group (n=32), and the 14-day group was subgrouped as 1-hour, 6-hour, 24-hour, 48-hour subgroups, naming after the time after infrasound exposure, 8 in each subgroup. All the test groups were put in an infrasound field with 8 Hz, 130 dB for 2 hours daily, while the control group was put in the infrasound instrument without infrasound exposure for 2 hours daily. The expression of pT286-CaMKII and tau protein in hippocampus was detected with immunohistochemisty, Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunoabsor-bent assay. Results The expression of pT286-CaMKII was the most in 14-day group (F>14.912, P36.229, P<0.001), and secondary in 7-day group (P<0.05). For 14-day group, the expression of tau protein was the most in 1-hour and 6-hour subgroups, and dropped down in 24-hour subgroup, although more than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Exposure of 8 Hz, 130 dB infrasound may induce phosphorylation of CaMKII and tau protein, and the expression of tau protein in hippocampal cells in rat, which may disturb their learning and memory function.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616576

ABSTRACT

With the development of science and technology, and the emergence of artificial intelligence, wearable technology is becom-ing a hot topic in the field of rehabilitation medicine. Wearable technology is characterized by miniaturization, intelligency and convenience, and has been widely researched and applied in many fields, such as neurological rehabilitation, orthopaedic rehabilitation, spinal cord injury rehabilitation and rehabilitation for senile degenerative diseases. The further research may focus on the reliability of signals under dynamic monitoring, the comfortable feeling during long-term use of wearable devices, the data security based on personal privacy, and so on.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614161

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of aquatic Taiji Quan on balance function of patients with incomplete spinal cord injury. Methods From March to December, 2015, 30 patients with incomplete spinal cord injury received aquatic Taiji Quan exercise based on rou-tine rehabilitation, 30 minutes every day, five times a week for five weeks. They were assessed with Berg Balance Scale (BBS) before and after exercise. Dynamic balance function and static balance function were also assessed with Active Balancer assessment. Results The BBS score significantly improved after exercise (t=-9.652, P3.528, Z>-2.590, P0.05). The dynamic stability limit range enlarged (t=-4.516, P<0.01), and the time to target significantly shortened (t=4.530, P<0.001). Conclusion Aquatic Taiji Quan can improve the balance function of patients with incomplete spinal cord injury.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341577

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the prognosis and predictive values of preoperative Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) for adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction(AEG) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study of 322 AEG patients who received operation between January 2007 and March 2010 in Henan Provincial People's Hospital was performed. Clinical data, pathological characteristics, laboratory parameters and survival data were collected. The GPS was calculated based on C-reactive protein(CRP) and serum albumin(ALB) levels. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of GPS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 322 patients, 0, 1, 2 of GPS were 192, 104 and 26 patients respectively. The median follow-up was 37 (4-73) months. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, median diseases-free survival (DFS) of GPS 0, 1, 2 was 47.0 (95% CI: 31.6-62.4), 15.0 (95% CI: 11.8-8.2) and 4.7 (95% CI: 3.8-5.6) months (P<0.01), and median overall survival (OS) was out of reach, 20.6 (95% CI: 15.8-25.4) and 7.0 (95% CI: 5.8-8.2) months (P<0.01). Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that GPS was an independent predictor of DFS (P<0.01) and OS (P<0.01) of AEG.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GPS is an effective predictor of survival in AEG.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , C-Reactive Protein , Disease-Free Survival , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagogastric Junction , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469200

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of action observation therapy based on mirror neuron theory on upper-extremity motor function and performance in activities of daily living(ADL) after stroke.Methods Eightyone stroke patients were randomly assigned to an observational group (41 cases) or a control group (40cases).Both groups received conventional rehabilitation,and the observational group also received action observation therapy for 16 weeks,10 times per week.Upper-extremity motor function and ADL performance were assessed before treatment using the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) and the Barthel index (BI) and then again after 4,8 and 16 weeks of treatment.Results The average FMA scores and BI scores in the observational group at the 4th week (32.50 ± 9.32 and 67.41 ± 16.81),the 8th week (36.35 ± 8.32 and 78.74 ± 15.63) and the 16 th week (41.32 ± 13.45 and 93.85 ± 13.45) had increased significantly compared with the pre-treatment assessment and were significantly better than at the same time point for the control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion Action observation therapy based on mirror neuron theory can promote the recovery of upper-extremity motor function and ADL performance after stroke.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464468

ABSTRACT

Objective To translate the Water Orientation Test of Alyn 1 (WOTA1) into Chinese and investigate the test-retest reliability, inter-rater reliability and validity of this Chinese Version. Methods The Water Orientation Test of Alyn 1 was translated from English into Chinese. 25 children with cerebral palsy were tested with Chinese Version of WOTA1 by 2 raters. One of the raters accessed the same chil-dren again after 2 days. While the children were assessed with Brief Assessment of Motor Function (BAMF). The scores from both raters, twice of one rater, and of WOTA1 and of BAMF were analyzed with Pearson correlation coefficient. Results The correlation coefficient of test-retest of WOTA1 total score is 0.992 (95%CI:0.982-0.996), and it was 0.887 to 1.000 of the scores of items. The correlation coefficient of inter-rater of total score is 0.992 (95%CI:0.980-0.998), and it was 0.748 to 1.000 of the scores of items. The correlation coefficient be-tween scores of WOTA1 and BAMF was 0.926 (P<0.01). Conclusion The Chinese Version of WOTA1 is good reliable and valid to assess the motor function in hydrotherapy pool.

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