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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905942

ABSTRACT

In this paper, through the collection and collation of ancient materia medica, medical books and medical formulary, combining with modern literature, the historical changes of the name, origin, position, harvesting time, medicinal parts, toxicity, functions and indications, processing methods of Rhododendri Mollis Flos (RMF) were systematically combed and verified, so as to provide reference for clinical application, processing standard and basic research of RMF. According to textual research, RMF is the dried flower of Rhododendron molle. In each historical period, there are many aliases and local names, being with phenomenon of homonyms and synonyms. RMF is mostly wild and planted in a small amount, harvesting time is mostly in March to April. However, the harvesting flowering period is differently described as initial bloom, full bloom and extensive bloom. RMF was first recorded in Shennong Bencaojing (《神农本草经》), but it did not mention its medicinal parts. Then the flowers, fruits, roots are be used as medicine, but flowers are still the main medicinal parts. RMF had a long processing history, included fried, vinegar-fried, wine-fried, steamed, wine-steamed, vinegar-steamed, and many other processing methods in ancient times. However, at present, only raw products are used in clinical practice, and only a few modern books retain the methods of stir-fried and wine-steamed, believing that the processing can reduce toxicity of RMF.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the immunological efficacy of a novel DNA vaccine against West Nile virus (WNV) in a mouse model.Methods:A DNA vaccine VRC-prME expressing the precursor membrane (prM) and envelope protein (E) of WNV Xinjiang strain (XJ11129-3) was constructed and its ability to express virus-like particles was verified in vitro. C57BL/6 mice were immunized twice with VRC-prME via intramuscular injection combined with electroporation with an interval of four weeks. Enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) was used to detect serum antibodies after immunization. WNV (NY99 strain) single-round infectious particles were used to detect neutralizing antibodies. Cellular immune responses were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunoblot assay (ELISPOT) and intracellular cytokine staining (ICS). Results:VRC-prME induced a strong Th1-biased antibody response in mice that could cross-neutralize the WNV (NY99 strain) single-round infectious particles two weeks after the boost immunization. Moreover, the vaccine also elicited antigen-specific multifunctional CD8 + T cell responses (IFN-γ, IL-2, TNF-α). Conclusions:The novel DNA vaccine prepared in this study, expressing the prME protein of WNV XJ11129-3 strain, could induce stronger humoral and cellular immune responses in mice, which was worthy of further research and development for the prevention of WNV infection in China.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 502-505, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884078

ABSTRACT

Objective:The purpose of our study was to assess the clinical value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of retroaortic left renal vein (RLRV) behind abdominal aorta.Methods:The ultrasound images of patients with RLRV diagnosed by ultrasound in Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from 2013 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The general information, clinical symptoms, ultrasound images and other clinical data of the patients were collected and analyzed.Results:RLRV was detected in 16(0.46%) cases of the 3 519 patients from 2013 to 2018 using ultrasonography, and the male to female ratio was 11 to 5. All patients presented with hematuria, including 7 patients with other symptoms, such as left flank pain. Ultrasound were firstly performed in all patients. Of the 16 patients, 15(93.75%) cases were of complete retroaortic type Ⅰ, including 13(81.25%) cases with left renal vein compression and 2(12.5%) cases with complete retroaortic type without left renal vein compression. In 16 cases, 1 case (6.25%) was type Ⅲ, with compression of both branches.Conclusions:Ultrasound may be the preferred method for the left renal vein examination when a clinical suspicion of Nutcracker syndrome is required. Ultrasound can clearly show the left renal vein in most patients, to determine whether the left renal vein is mutated or compressed. Ultrasound has the highest sensitivity for detecting the type Ⅰ, which is not easy to misdiagnose. However, type Ⅲ is easy to misdiagnosis. Whereas the type Ⅱ and type Ⅳ is difficult to detect using ultrasound, which may be related to the limitations of ultrasound imaging.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 497-501, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the ultrasonographic features of internal jugular venous vein pseudo-aneurysm.Methods:The ultrasonographic and clinical features of a patient with internal jugular venous vein pseudo-aneurysm in Union Hospital Affiliated to Huazhong University of Science and Technology were retrospectively analyzed. These characteristics of this patient combined with cases from literatures were summarized.Results:Ultrasound showed that the 38.6 mm×14.0 mm×29.9 mm anechoic area in the soft tissue layer of the left neck communicated with the left internal jugular vein through the 3.8 mm wide breach, and a 12.9 mm×6.6 mm slightly hyperechoic mass was found in the anechoic area. Color Doppler flow imaging showed that the internal jugular vein communicated with the anechoic area through the crevasse. There was no obvious blood flow signal in slightly hyperechoic mass. The bidirectional burr-like blood flow signal could be detected by pulse-wave Doppler. Contrast enhanced ultrasound showed that the contrast agent flowed into the mass from the internal jugular vein through the breach, and the slightly hyperechoic mass appeared the contrast filling defect, and contrast agent was well filled in the rest of the anechoic area. Ultrasound diagnosis: left internal jugular vein pseudoaneurysm with thrombosis. 35 cases of cervical vein pseudo-aneurysm patients were finally included in 23 documents, including 12 males, 23 females, 15 cases on the left side, 20 cases on the right side, 6 cases of the internal jugular vein, 27 cases of the external jugular vein; one case only describes the neck veins and supraclavicular vein in another one case. Among them, 34 cases showed subcutaneous anechoic masses on ultrasound, 1 case showed slightly hyperechoic masses, and 35 cases showed venous wall breaches.Conclusions:Ultrasound examination has high diagnostic value for vein pseudo-aneurysm owing to its convenience, fast and serial observation. Therefore, it is the preferred method and can be widely used in clinical practice. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound can clearly show the blood perfusion, and help to improve the diagnostic confidence of the operator.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896612

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Accumulating evidence has suggested that toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is critically involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of TLR4 in toluene diisocyanate (TDI)-induced allergic airway inflammation. @*Methods@#TLR4−/− and wild-type (WT) C57BL/10J mice were sensitized and challenged with TDI to generate a TDI-induced asthma model. B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) inhibitors, ABT-199 (4 mg/kg) and ABT-737 (4 mg/kg), were intranasally given to TDI-exposed TLR4−/− mice after each challenge. @*Results@#TDI exposure led to increased airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), granulocyte flux, bronchial epithelial shedding and extensive submucosal collagen deposition, which were unexpectedly aggravated by TLR4 deficiency. Following TDI challenge, TLR4−/− mice exhibited down-regulated interleukin-17A and increased colony-stimulating factor 3 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), while WT mice did not. In addition, TLR4 deficiency robustly suppressed the expression of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 and NLR family CARD domain containing 4, decreased caspase-1 activity in TDI-exposed mice, but had no effect on the level of high mobility group box 1 in BALF. Flow cytometry revealed that TDI hampered both neutrophil and eosinophil apoptosis, of which neutrophil apoptosis was further inhibited in TDI-exposed TLR4−/− mice, with marked up-regulation of Bcl-2. Moreover, inhibition of Bcl-2 with either ABT-199 or ABT-737 significantly alleviated neutrophil recruitment by promoting apoptosis. @*Conclusions@#These data indicated that TLR4 deficiency promoted neutrophil infiltration by impairing its apoptosis via up-regulation of Bcl-2, thereby resulting in deteriorated AHR and airway inflammation, which suggests that TLR4 could be a negative regulator of TDI-induced neutrophilic inflammation.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888908

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Accumulating evidence has suggested that toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is critically involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of TLR4 in toluene diisocyanate (TDI)-induced allergic airway inflammation. @*Methods@#TLR4−/− and wild-type (WT) C57BL/10J mice were sensitized and challenged with TDI to generate a TDI-induced asthma model. B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) inhibitors, ABT-199 (4 mg/kg) and ABT-737 (4 mg/kg), were intranasally given to TDI-exposed TLR4−/− mice after each challenge. @*Results@#TDI exposure led to increased airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), granulocyte flux, bronchial epithelial shedding and extensive submucosal collagen deposition, which were unexpectedly aggravated by TLR4 deficiency. Following TDI challenge, TLR4−/− mice exhibited down-regulated interleukin-17A and increased colony-stimulating factor 3 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), while WT mice did not. In addition, TLR4 deficiency robustly suppressed the expression of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 and NLR family CARD domain containing 4, decreased caspase-1 activity in TDI-exposed mice, but had no effect on the level of high mobility group box 1 in BALF. Flow cytometry revealed that TDI hampered both neutrophil and eosinophil apoptosis, of which neutrophil apoptosis was further inhibited in TDI-exposed TLR4−/− mice, with marked up-regulation of Bcl-2. Moreover, inhibition of Bcl-2 with either ABT-199 or ABT-737 significantly alleviated neutrophil recruitment by promoting apoptosis. @*Conclusions@#These data indicated that TLR4 deficiency promoted neutrophil infiltration by impairing its apoptosis via up-regulation of Bcl-2, thereby resulting in deteriorated AHR and airway inflammation, which suggests that TLR4 could be a negative regulator of TDI-induced neutrophilic inflammation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796604

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)and to compare the efficiency of receptor binding domain (RBD) proteins in different forms for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) antibody detection.@*Methods@#The monomeric and trimeric forms of MERS-CoV RBD were expressed in Bac-insect cells, 293T cells and ExpiCHO-S™ expression system and then purified. The purified RBD proteins were identified with native gel electrophoresis and Western blot. Then, an equal amount of each RBD protein was used as coating antigen to establish an ELISA for detecting MERS-CoV IgG titer. For comparison, the newly developed ELISA and the commercial MERS-CoV IgG antibody detection kit (Euroimmune with S1 as the coating antigen) were used to measure the MERS-CoV antibody reference panel supplied by World Health Organization (WHO).@*Results@#The purified monomeric and trimeric MERS-CoV RBD were successfully prepared using 293T cells and ExpiCHO-S™ system. RBD antigens of different forms and from different systems could recognize MERS-CoV specific antibody without having any cross reaction with the sera from healthy adults. The in-house RBD-based ELISA had good detection consistency with the Euroimmune commercial kit. The positive samples showed higher and more concentrated values based on the RBD trimer than the monomer.@*Conclusions@#Novel indirect ELISA methods based on the monomeric and trimeric forms of RBD protein were established. The trimetric form-based ELISA achieved higher detection efficiency than the one using the monomer antigen, suggesting that it could be uses as a competent alternative to the commercial kit.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792035

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)and to compare the efficiency of receptor binding domain (RBD) proteins in different forms for Middle East re-spiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) antibody detection. Methods The monomeric and trimeric forms of MERS-CoV RBD were expressed in Bac-insect cells, 293T cells and ExpiCHO-STM expression sys-tem and then purified. The purified RBD proteins were identified with native gel electrophoresis and Western blot. Then, an equal amount of each RBD protein was used as coating antigen to establish an ELISA for de-tecting MERS-CoV IgG titer. For comparison, the newly developed ELISA and the commercial MERS-CoV IgG antibody detection kit (Euroimmune with S1 as the coating antigen) were used to measure the MERS-CoV antibody reference panel supplied by World Health Organization (WHO). Results The purified mon-omeric and trimeric MERS-CoV RBD were successfully prepared using 293T cells and ExpiCHO-STM system. RBD antigens of different forms and from different systems could recognize MERS-CoV specific antibody without having any cross reaction with the sera from healthy adults. The in-house RBD-based ELISA had good detection consistency with the Euroimmune commercial kit. The positive samples showed higher and more concentrated values based on the RBD trimer than the monomer. Conclusions Novel indirect ELISA methods based on the monomeric and trimeric forms of RBD protein were established. The trimetric form-based ELISA achieved higher detection efficiency than the one using the monomer antigen, suggesting that it could be uses as a competent alternative to the commercial kit.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746080

ABSTRACT

Objective To rapidly establish a mouse model for optical imaging of the dynamical process of pseudotyped Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. Methods In vitro expression in HeLa cells and functions of hDPP4 encoded by recombinant adenovirus Ad5 and pseudo-typed MERS-CoV were verified. The recombinant adenovirus expressing hDPP4 (Ad5-hDPP4) was injected into BALB/ c mice, which were then injected with pseudotyped MERS-CoV expressing firefly luciferase at a titer of 3×107 TCID50(50% tissue culture infective dose) via intrathoracic (I. T. ) or intraperitoneal (I. P. ) injection. MERS-CoV infection and tissue distribution were observed using optical imaging techniques. Re-sults hDPP4 and firefly luciferase were efficiently expressed in HeLa cells. In BALB/ c mice injected with Ad5-hDPP4 via I. P. , firefly luciferase expression were detected in abdomen between 48-96 h after pseudo-typed MERS-CoV infection. The expression of firely luciferase was also detected in chests of BALB/ c mice injected with Ad5-hDPP4 via I. T. around 48 h after pseudotyped MERS-CoV infection. Conclusions This study reported a simple and rapid method for establishing a mouse model for conveniently and dynamically monitoring pseudotyped MERS-CoV infection, which might provide an effective means for in vivo evaluation of neutralizing antibodies or entry inhibitors by visualization with optical imaging techniques.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694602

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genotype of D class of carbapenemase of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in traumatology department, so as to guide the rational use of antibiotics as well as prevent the nosocomial infection. Methods A total of 96 strains of Acinetobacter baumannii were collected in traumatology department. Patient history were analyzed and genotype of carbapenemases of OXA-51,OXA-23,ISAba1-oxa-51 and ISAba1-oxa-23 were analyzed by PCR.Results 70.84% (68/96) of Acinetobacter baumannii were isolated from wound tissue. 12 antibacterial agents were tested, 96 strains of Acinetobacter baumannii showed the highest resistance rate (78.13%) to imipenem and the lowest resistance rate (43.75%) to levofloxacin. Among 23 strains of imipenem-sensitive Acinetobacter baumannii, OXA- 51 gene expression was not detected in 4 strains, however, OXA-23 gene expression were observed in 5 strains. The gene expression rates of OXA-51,OXA-23, ISAba1-oxa-51 and ISAba1-oxa-23 genes were 100%, 95.89%, 79.45% and 71.23% respectively in 73 strains of imipenem-insensitive Acinetobacter baumannii. The rate of gene expression profile of OXA-51+ISAba1-oxa-51+OXA-23+ISAba1-oxa-23 was 65.75% .Conclusion The strains of imipenem-sensitive Acinetobacter baumannii may have the gene expression of OXA-23 of D class of carbapenemase. The main pattern of carbapenemase-producing was OXA-51+ISAba1-oxa-51+OXA-23+ISAba1-oxa-23 in traumatology department,which might be regarded as one of the mechanisms that led to the high resistance of the bacterium of acinetobacter baumannii to carbapenem antibiotics.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4648-4651, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668186

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe clinical efficacy and safety of valsartan combined with hydrochlorothiazide in the treat-ment of chronic renal disease complicated with hypertension. METHODS:A total of 156 chronic kidney disease patients with renal hypertensive were randomly divided into control group and observation group with 78 cases in each group. Control group was given hydrochlorothiazide tablets 25 mg orally,once a day. Observation group was additionally given valsartan capsule 80 mg orally,once a day,on the basis of control group. Treatment course of 2 groups lasted for 4 weeks. Clinical efficacies of 2 groups were observed and compared,and the levels of SBP,DBP,GFR,24 h urine protein quantification,Scr and BUN were observed before and after treatment. The occurrence of ADR was recorded. RESULTS:After treatment,total response rate of observation group was signifi-cantly higher than that of control group,with statistical significance (85.90% vs. 64.10%,P<0.05). Before treatment,there was no statistical significance in SBP,DBP,GFR,24 h urine protein quantification,Scr and BUN between 2 groups(P>0.05). After treatment,SBP,DBP,24 h urine protein quantification,Scr and BUN of 2 groups were significantly lower than before treatment,the observation group was significantly lower than the control group,GFR was significantly higher than before treatment,the observa-tion group was significantly higher than that of control group,with statistical significance(P<0.05). There was no statistical signif-icance in the incidence of ADR between 2 groups(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Valsartan combined with hydrochlorothiazide show good therapeutic efficacy for chronic renal disease complicated with hypertension,and can significantly improve blood pressure and renal function with good safety.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665754

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of multiple sleep latency test (MSLT)in children with narcolepsy, and summarize the clinical features and characteristics of 30 patients. Methods Thirty narcolepsy patients who got treated in Department of Pediatric Neurology,Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University were chosen as the experimental group and 38 healthy children were taken as the healthy control group from January 2014 to September 2016. The sleep latency and sleep onset rapid eye movement periods (SOREMPs)with polysomnography were analyzed in order to find the clinical features of narcolepsy and the follow - up for therapeutic effects was evaluated. Results The narcolepsy patients got their disease at an average age of (7. 50 ± 2. 08)years old,mostly in 6 to 9 years old,the average course of disease was (17. 15 ± 1. 81)months. Thirty narcolepsy patients got excessive daytime sleepi-ness,which also came as the first symptom to hospital,and the sleep latency was (2. 83 ± 1. 36)min,with an average (1. 33 ± 1. 09)times of SOREMPs,while the healthy control group got (10. 40 ± 4. 11)min,and there was significant difference between them(P < 0. 05). Eight patients got limb weakness or cataplexy,3 patients got sleep paralysis and 3 patients had hypnagogic hallucination. Twenty - three patients(76. 7%)got treatment,14 cases (46. 7%)of them got re-lieved in less than 3 months,5 cases (16. 7%)in 3 to 6 months,and another 4 cases (13. 3%)after 6 months,while the other 7 cases (23. 3%)did not get systemic therapy,in which symptoms did not get improved. Conclusion Excessive daytime sleepiness acts as a major clinical symptom in children with narcolepsy,while hypnagogic hallucinations and sleep paralysis are relatively infrequent. The peak incidence was in school age,and MSLT can help make an earlier diagnosis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 1065-1068,1077, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701521

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens causing maxillofacial infection in patients,and provide evidence for rational use of antimicrobial agents in clinical practice.Methods Specimens of patients infected with oral and maxillofacial infection in a hospital between January 2012 and December 2016 were performed microbial culture,pathogens were identified and performed antimicrobial susceptibility testing,distribution of pathogens and antimicrobial resistance were analyzed.Results Of 882 patients with maxillofacial infection,male and female accounted for 32.20% and 67.80% respectively;35.38% and 32.65% of patients aged ~40 years and ~60 years respectively;a total of 145 strains were isolated,88(60.69 %) of which were gram-negative bacteria,mainly Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa;56 (38.62 %) of which were gram-positive bacteria,mainly Staphylococcus aureus.Resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to 16 kinds of an timicrobial agents were a11<50%,resistance rates to imipenem and meropenem were the lowest,both were 3.45%,1 1 strains were extended-spectrum β-lactamases-producing strains;resistance rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to 10 kinds of antimicrobial agents were all<40%.Staphylococcus aureus was susceptible to tigecycline,linezolid,and vancomycin,resistance rate to penicillin was the highest (66.67%),resistance rate to oxacillin was 20.83%.Conclusion The main pathogens causing oral and maxillofacial infection are gram negative bacteria,different pathogens have different antimicrobial resistance,antimicrobial agents should be used rationally during clinical treatment according to antimicrobial susceptibility testing result.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2147-2155, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249019

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background:</b>Core fucosylation (CF), catalyzed by α-1,6 fucosyltransferase (Fut8) in mammals, plays an important role in pathological processes through posttranslational modification of key signaling receptor proteins, including transforming growth factor (TGF)-β receptors and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors. However, its effect on peritoneal fibrosis is unknown. Here, we investigated its influence on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of rat peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) in vitro induced by a high-glucose (HG) culture solution.</p><p><b>Methods:</b>Rat PMCs were first cultured in a HG (2.5%) culture solution to observe the CF expression level (fluorescein isothiocyanate-lens culinaris agglutinin), we next established a knockdown model of rat PMCs in vitro with Fut8 small interfering RNA (siRNA) to observe whether inhibiting CF decreases the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression and protein expression of Fut8 and reverses EMT status. Rat PMCs were randomly divided into control group, mock group (transfected with scrambled siRNA), Fut8 siRNA group, HG group, HG + mock group, and HG + Fut8 siRNA group. Finally, we examined the activation of TGF-β/Smad2/3 signaling and PDGF/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling to observe the influence of CF on them.</p><p><b>Results:</b>CF, Fut8 mRNA, and protein expression were all significantly upregulated in HG- induced EMT model than those in the control rat PMCs (P < 0.05). Fut8 siRNA successfully blocked CF of TGF-β receptors and PDGF receptors and attenuated the EMT status (E-cadherin and α-SMA and phenotypic changes) in HG-induced rat PMCs. In TGF-β/Smad2/3 signaling, Fut8 siRNA did not suppress the protein expression of TGF-β receptors and Smad2/3; however, it significantly suppressed the phosphorylation of Smad2/3 (relative expression folds of HG + Fut8 group vs. HG group: 7.6 ± 0.4 vs. 15.1 ± 0.6, respectively, P < 0.05). In PDGF/ERK signaling, Fut8 siRNA did not suppress the protein expression of PDGF receptors and ERK, but it significantly suppressed the phosphorylation of ERK (relative expression folds of HG + Fut8 group vs. HG group: 8.7 ± 0.9 vs. 15.6 ± 1.2, respectively, P < 0.05). Blocking CF inactivated the activities of TGF-β and PDGF signaling pathways, and subsequently blocked EMT.</p><p><b>Conclusions:</b>These results demonstrate that CF contributes to rat PMC EMT, and that blocking it attenuates EMT. CF regulation is a potential therapeutic target of peritoneal fibrosis.</p>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506624

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the discourse right construction of China’s medical aid to Africa,so as to provide evidenc?es for improving the effect and sustainable development of China’s medical aid to Africa. Methods The documents of the dis?course right that China constructed in the medical aid to Africa were selected at different periods as discourse samples. The achievement and deficiency were analyzed from four aspects,namely confident,charismatic,influential,and dominant. Re?sults China’s medical team made much in the discourse right construction in their aid to Africa,but some China’s medical team members were still too cautious and too low?key. China’s medical team gained the trust of the people of Africa,but the lan?guage communication difficulties still hampered in China’s medical aid to Africa. Chinese medical team were widely praised by the African society,but in the west,some African media,even China’s media still neglected to report China’s doctors. China’s international discourse right were greatly improved,but western countries still dominated the public opinion. Conclusion Chi?na should refer to the actual situation of medical aid to Africa to strengthen the construction of discourse right.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501533

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a CVS-11 pseudovirus particles ( pp)-based assay for detec-tion of neutralizing antibody against rabies virus. Methods An improved rapid fluorescence focus inhibition test ( RFFIT) for detection of neutralizing antibody against rabies virus ( RVNA) was established based on the CVS-11 pseudovirus expressing a luciferase reporter gene. Forty-six human serum samples were analyzed with the improved RFFIT and the results were compared with those by using standard RFFIT. Moreover, the improved RFFIT was used to detect the titers of RVNA in 91 serum samples collected from pet dogs and pet-breeders in Beijing. Results The coincidence rate of the improved RFFIT and the standard RFFIT was 100% regarding to the analysis of 46 human serum samples and 5 negative reference serum samples. Moreo-ver, the RVNA titers of all serum samples obtained with CVS-11 pseudovirus-based assay showed a signifi-cant high correlation with those obtained with standard RFFIT (n=46, r=0. 94, P<0. 000 1). All of the 91 serum samples collected from pet dogs and pet-breeders in Beijing were positive for RVNA as indicated by the improved RFFIT with a mean titer of 33. 01 IU/ml. Conclusion We established an improved RFFIT based on the CVS-11 pp expressing luciferase reporter gene, which might be used as a reliable alternative RFFIT for measuring RVNA titer. Analysis of the 91 serum samples collected in Beijing with the improved RFFIT showed that all samples were positive for RVNA.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500694

ABSTRACT

Narcolepsy is a common chronic sleep disorder attacking adolescence,characterized by a typical tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness,cataplexy,sleep paralysis and hypnagonic/hypnopompic hallucinations,affecting both mental and psychological aspects of children.Thus,making an early diagnosis and therapy is of great importance.Clinical diagnosis mainly depends on the multiple sleep latency test across the video electroencephalogram.In this article,we mainly describe the diagnosis and treatment progress of pediatric narcolepsy and clinical value of video-electroencephalogram.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491512

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical features of non-conclusion seizures(NCS)in infants less than 1 -year-old,and the diagnostic and differential diagnostic value of video electroencephalography (VEEG).Methods A total of 30 NCS patients were took the regular electroencephalography at the first 20 minutes before VEEG monitoring which continued 2 to 4 hours in order to compare the differences between the two monitoring methods,then all patients were taken follow-up after one month,two months,and three months.Results Three cases attacks(accounting for 10.0%)were found by regular electroencephalograph-y,while 23 attacks(accounting for 76.7%)were found by VEEG following no epileptic discharge,either.All patients were found to be corporality NCS,having no psychogenic NCS,among which,19 patients(accounting for 63.3%)were non epileptic tonic-closure seizures,including 2 patients always keeping eyes staring at somewhere,2 patients gritted teeth or grinned,1 patient often put head back,1 patient stretched the neck or necking down,2 patients shrug his shoulders,9 patients shook head,and another 2 always put forth his strength, with or without stiffness,limb jitter,or made face red;on the other,7 patients (accounting for 23.3%)were benign myoclonus,another 4(accounting for 13.3%)were benign non epileptic infant spasm,no other types were found.Nobody had any antiepileptic therapies,15 of them have no more attacks in less than one month,7 in two months,1 in three months,and another 7 appeared occasionly under the conditions of great happiness,extreme an-ger or been raged.Conclusion VEEG have irreplaceable diagnostic and differential diagnostic value in infants less than 1 -year-old with NCS,and play an important role in monitoring the development of NCS.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486208

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the development strategy of novel T cell based vaccine against HCV infection.Methods BALB/c mice were primed with pSCK-based DNA vaccine and boosted with type 5 adenoviral vector-based vaccine, which expressed the structural proteins ( Core, E1 and E2) de-rived from a Chinese HCV patient (genotype 1b, Hebei strain).Enzyme linked immunospot assay (ELIS-POT) and intracellular cytokine staining ( ICS) were used to analyze the elicited antigen-specific immune re-sponses and the efficacy of cross-protection.Results Immunization of mice with the prime-boost vaccination strategy elicited stronger T cell immune responses against multiple HCV antigens than using the DNA vac-cines alone, especially the IFN-γ-secreting T cell responses against E1 protein as indicated by ELISPOT as-say.ICS data indicated that the prime-boost regimen elicited more TNF-α-producing CD4+and IFN-γ-produ-cing CD8+T cells against E1 protein and high levels of IFN-γ-producing CD4+and CD8+T cells against E2 protein in comparison with immunization with DNA vaccines.Moreover, the prime-boost vaccination was ca-pable of eliciting effective cross-protection in a surrogate challenge model based on a recombinant heterolo-gous HCV (JFH1, 2a) vaccinia virus.Conclusion The prime-boost vaccination using DNA and rAd5-based vaccine expressing HCV structural antigens induced significant cellular immune response and cross-protection in mice, suggesting the possibility of using it as a promising T cell based vaccine against HCV in-fection.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483723

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare and screen out monoclonal antibodies against the receptor bind-ing domain (RBD) of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus ( MERS-CoV) spike ( S) protein in mice. Methods The RBD of MERS-CoV S protein expressed in the insect-baculovirus system was purified and then used to immunize the female BALB/ c mice. The spleen cells collected from the mice were fused with myeloma Sp2 / 0 cells. The positive hybridoma cells were obtained by using limited dilution method. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA), Western blot assay and neutralization test based on the MERS-CoV pseudovirus were performed for further screening and identification. Results Twelve strains of hybridoma cells that produced the monoclonal antibodies against RBD of MERS-CoV S protein were screened out. All of the 12 monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) could have specific reaction with the RBD of MERS-CoV S protein as indicated by the results of ELISA. Of the 12 McAbs, two were identified as the immunoglobulin M (IgM) isotype and the rest were IgG1 isotype by using double antibodies sandwich ELISA. Four McAbs including 1F1, 2E4, 3C3 and 3E6 were identified as having neutralizing activity by the neutralization test based on MERS-CoV pseudovirus. Results of the Western blot assay showed that the four McAbs (1F1, 2E4, 3C3 and 3E6) could have specific reaction with the RBD of MERS-CoV S protein, but no cross-reac-tion with that of SARS-CoV S protein. Conclusion Twelve mouse-derived McAbs against the RBD of MERS-CoV S protein were obtained. The prepared hybridoma cells showed the characteristics of high speci-ficity and stability in antibody secretion. Four out of the 12 McAbs were proved to have neutralizing activity.

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