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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 131-134, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965200

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemic characteristics of varicella and the genetic characteristics of varicella zoster virus (VZV) in Yangzhou in 2021, and to provide a theoretical basis for the scientific prevention and control of varicella in Yangzhou. Methods Descriptive epidemiological analysis was carried out on the varicella outbreaks reported in Yangzhou in 2021. Throat swabs or herpes fluid samples from varicella cases in 2021 were collected, and the viral nucleic acid was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. The genotype and evolutionary relationship of the virus strain were determined according to the 6 SNPs in the ORF22 gene fragment sequence. Results In 2021, there were 20 varicella outbreaks in Yangzhou, involving 147 cases, all of which occurred in kindergartens and primary and secondary schools, and the peak incidence was in the age group of 4-7 years old. The high incidence time of the outbreaks was from May to July, and from November to January of the next year. The varicella vaccination rate of the cases was low, and all were 1-dose vaccination. The gene sequencing results of 8 samples were J/clade 2, and 3 of them had A-C synonymous mutation at position 37997 in ORF22 sequence. Conclusion In 2021, varicella outbreaks in Yangzhou occurred mainly in kindergartens and schools. Preschool children are susceptible, all of which are caused by J/clade 2 varicella-zoster virus. It is suggested to strengthen the monitoring and management of the varicella epidemic situation in schools in the city, and at the same time incorporate the varicella vaccine into the routine immunization program of the city and strengthen 2 doses of varicella vaccination.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3330-3338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999077

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered to be a manifestation of metabolic syndrome and has become one of the chronic diseases that endanger health around the world. There is still a lack of effective therapeutic drugs in clinical practice. Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) has been a popular target for NAFLD research in recent years. Fexaramine (Fex) is a potent and selective agonist of FXR, and its mechanism of action to improve NAFLD is unclear. Therefore, in this study, a mouse model of NAFLD was constructed using a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet and treated with Fex orally for 6 weeks. We evaluated the ameliorative effect of Fex on disorders of glucolipid metabolism in NAFLD mice, and preliminarily explored its potential mechanism of action. The animal experiments were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval number: PZSHUTCM210913011). In this study, it was found that 100 mg·kg-1 Fex significantly inhibited body weight gain, alleviated insulin resistance, improved liver injury and lipid accumulation in NAFLD mice. The effect of Fex on the expression of hepatic intestinal FXR and its target genes in NAFLD mice was further examined. Analysis of serum and hepatic bile acid profiles and expression related to hepatic lipid metabolism. It was found that Fex could stimulate intestinal FXR, promote fibroblast growth factor 15 (FGF15) secretion, inhibit the expression of cytochrome P450 family 7 subfamily A member 1 (CYP7A1), the rate-limiting enzyme of bile acid synthesis in liver, regulate bile acid synthesis by negative feedback, and improve the disorder of bile acid metabolism. At the same time, Fex reduces liver lipid synthesis and absorption, increases fatty acid oxidation, thus improving liver lipid metabolism. This study shows that Fex can improve NAFLD by activating intestinal FXR-FGF15 signal pathway and regulating liver lipid metabolism.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2087-2091, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998495

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the clinical efficacy of the Balanced energy system versus the conventional torsional ultrasound system in phacoemulsification surgeries for cataracts with varying nuclear hardness.METHODS: In this study, 120 patients(122 eyes)with age-related cataracts scheduled for surgery between November 2021 and November 2022 at our hospital were randomly divided into two groups: 58 patients(59 eyes)in the experimental group underwent surgery using the Balanced energy system, while 62 patients(63 eyes)in the control group were treated with the conventional torsional ultrasound system. Intraoperative cumulative dissipated energy(CDE), case time(CT), aspiration time(AST), and estimated fluid used(EFU)were recorded. Patients were followed-up for 3mo to examine and record the best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA)and corneal endothelial cell density(ECD), and to calculate the rate of endothelial cell loss.RESULTS: Comparing the intraoperative parameters between the two groups, there was no significant difference in CT(P>0.05), but the CDE, AST and EFU of the patients in the experimental group were lower than those of the control group(P<0.05), and the CDE of patients with grade III nuclear hardness in the experimental group was lower than the control group(P<0.05), CDE, AST and EFU in patients with grade IV nuclear hardness were lower than those in the control group(P<0.05). After 3mo of follow-up, BCVA in both groups improved significantly, and the experimental group recovered faster than the control group. At 3mo after surgery, the ECD of the two groups of patients was reduced compared with that before surgery(P<0.01), but there were no significant differences in ECD and endothelial cell loss rates between the experimental and control groups before and at 3mo after surgery(P>0.05). In grade IV nuclear hardness cataracts, the rate of endothelial cell loss in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group(4.63%±4.10% vs. 6.63%±4.49%, P<0.01).CONCLUSION: The Balanced energy system and the conventional torsional ultrasound system both show high safety and efficiency in phacoemulsification of cataracts with different nuclear hardness. However, the former demonstrates substantial advantages in cases with dense nuclei, offering lower ultrasound energy, shorter aspiration and infusion times, and reduced volume of infusion fluid.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 56-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973359

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the drug resistance phenotype, drug resistance genes and molecular characteristics of clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus in Yangzhou from 2016 to 2020. Methods A total of 71 strains of clindamycin resistant Staphylococcus aureus were collected. Molecular typing of the strains was performed using multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and SNP. Antimicrobial minimal inhibitory concentrations were detected by the method of microdilution broth. Different resistance genes were detected. Results A total of 71 strains of clindamycin resistant Staphylococcus aureus were collected in this study, of which 42 strains (59.15%) were inherently resistant and 29 strains (40.85%) were induced resistant ; 44 strains (61.97%) were found to be methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Among the 71 strains , 18 ST types were found , and the detection rates of mecA and ermB in ST59 strain were higher than those in other ST types. Among the clustered strains, CC59 was inherently resistant. Conclusion The clinically isolated Staphylococcus aureus in Yangzhou has severe drug resistance, especially the resistance to clindamycin. CC59 clone group carries many drug resistance genes, and all of them are MRSA . This study provides reliable data for clinical selection of appropriate drugs and further investigation of the prevalence of clindamycin-resistant strains.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4647-4662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008048

ABSTRACT

Limonene and its derivative perillic acid are widely used in food, cosmetics, health products, medicine and other industries as important bioactive natural products. However, inefficient plant extraction and high energy-consuming chemical synthesis hamper the industrial production of limonene and perillic acid. In this study, limonene synthase from Mentha spicata was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by peroxisome compartmentalization, and the yield of limonene was 0.038 mg/L. The genes involved in limonene synthesis, ERG10, ERG13, tHMGR, ERG12, ERG8, IDI1, MVD1, ERG20ww and tLS, were step-wise expressed via modular engineering to study their effects on limonene yield. The yield of limonene increased to 1.14 mg/L by increasing the precursor module. Using the plasmid with high copy number to express the above key genes, the yield of limonene significantly increased up to 86.74 mg/L, which was 4 337 times higher than that of the original strain. Using the limonene-producing strain as the starting strain, the production of perillic acid was successfully achieved by expressing cytochrome P450 enzyme gene from Salvia miltiorrhiza, and the yield reached 4.42 mg/L. The results may facilitate the construction of cell factory with high yield of monoterpene products by S. cerevisiae.


Subject(s)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Limonene/metabolism , Metabolic Engineering , Monoterpenes/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 650-660, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940971

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility on the preparation of novel negative pressure materials for constructing new matrix of full-thickness skin defect wounds in rats. Methods: The experimental research method was applied. The microstructure of polyurethane foam dressing which was commonly used in negative pressure treatment was observed under scanning electron microscope, and its pore diameter was detected (n=5). Polycaprolactone (PCL) and polybutylene succinate (PBS) were used respectively as raw materials for the preparation of PCL and PBS negative pressure materials by melt spinning technology, with the measured pore diameter of polyurethane foam dressing as the spinning spacing at the spinning rates of 15, 25, and 35 mm/s, respectively. The microstructures of the prepared negative pressure materials were observed under scanning electron microscope, and their fiber diameters were measured. The tensile strength and tensile modulus of the prepared negative pressure materials and polyurethane foam dressing were measured by tensile testing machine and composite testing machine, respectively (n=5), to screen the spinning rate for subsequent preparation of negative pressure materials. Human skin fibroblasts (Fbs) in logarithmic growth phase were co-cultured with PCL negative pressure material and PBS negative pressure material prepared at the selected spinning rate, respectively. After 1, 4, and 7 day (s) of co-culture, the cell activity and adhesion in the materials was detected by living/dead cells detection kit, and the cell proliferation level in the materials was detected by cell counting kit 8 method (n=5). A full-thickness skin defect wound was prepared on the back of 18 5-6 weeks old Sprague-Dawley rats (gender unlimited). Immediately after injury, the injured rats were divided into PCL+polyurethane group, PBS+polyurethane group, and polyurethane alone group according to the random number table (with 6 rats in each group). The wounds were covered with materials containing corresponding component and performed with continuous negative pressure suction at the negative pressure of -16.7 kPa. The wound tissue along with materials directly contacted to the wound (hereinafter referred to as wound specimens) were collected from 3 rats in each group after 7 and 14 days of negative pressure treatment (NPT), respectively. The growth of granulation tissue and the attachment of material to wound surface were observed after hematoxylin-eosin staining, the collagen fiber deposition was observed after Masson staining, and CD34 and interleukin-6 (IL-6) positive cells were detected and counted by immunohistochemical staining. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, analysis of variance for factorial design, least significant difference-t test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Bonferroni correction. Results: The microstructure of polyurethane foam dressing was loose and porous, with the pore diameter of (815±182) μm. The spinning spacing for the subsequent negative pressure material was set as 800 μm. The microstructures of PBS negative pressure material and PCL negative pressure material were regular, with vertically interconnected layers and continuous fibers in even thickness, but the fibers of PBS negative pressure material were straighter than those of PCL negative pressure material. There was no obvious difference in the microstructure of negative pressure materials prepared from the same raw material at different spinning rates. The fiber diameters of PCL negative pressure materials prepared at three spinning rates were similar (P>0.05). The fiber diameters of PBS negative pressure materials prepared at spinning rates of 25 mm/s and 35 mm/s were significantly smaller than the fiber diameter of PBS negative pressure material prepared at the spinning rate of 15 mm/s (with t values of 4.99 and 6.40, respectively, P<0.01). Both the tensile strength and tensile modulus of PCL negative pressure materials prepared at three spinning rates were similar (P>0.05). The tensile strength of PBS negative pressure materials prepared at spinning rates of 15 mm/s and 25 mm/s was significantly lower than that of PBS negative pressure materials prepared at the spinning rate of 35 mm/s (with t values of 9.20 and 8.92, respectively, P<0.01), and the tensile modulus was significantly lower than that of PBS negative pressure materials prepared at the spinning rate of 35 mm/s (with t values of 2.58 and 2.47, respectively, P<0.05). Subsequently, PCL negative pressure material was prepared at the spinning rate of 35 mm/s, and PBS negative pressure material was prepared at the spinning rate of 15 mm/s. After 1, 4, and 7 day (s) of co-culture, the number of human skin Fbs that adhered to PCL negative pressure material and PBS negative pressure material increased with time, and there was no significant difference between the two materials. After 1 and 7 day (s) of co-culture, the proliferation levels of human skin Fbs between the two negative pressure materials were similar (P>0.05). After being co-cultured for 4 days, the proliferation level of human skin Fbs in PBS negative pressure material was significantly higher than that in PCL negative pressure material (t=6.37, P<0.01). After 7 days of NPT, the materials were clearly identifiable and a small amount of collagen fibers were also observed in the wound specimens of rats in the three groups; a small amount of granulation tissue was observed in the wound specimens of rats in polyurethane alone group. After 14 days of NPT, a large number of granulation tissue and collagen fibers were observed in the wound specimens of rats in the three groups; the materials and wound tissue in the wound specimens of rats in PCL+polyurethane group could not be clearly distinguished. After 7 and 14 days of NPT, the collagen fibers in the wound specimens of rats in polyurethane alone group were denser than those in the other two groups. After 7 days of NPT, the number of CD34 positive cells in the wound specimens of rats in PBS+polyurethane group was 14.8±3.6 per 400 times visual field, which was significantly less than 27.8±9.1 in polyurethane alone group (t=3.06, P<0.05); the number of IL-6 positive cells was 60 (49, 72), which was significantly more than 44 (38, 50) in polyurethane alone group (Z=2.41, P<0.05). After 14 days of NPT, the number of IL-6 positive cells in the wound specimens of rats in PBS+polyurethane group was 19 (12, 28) per 400 times visual field, which was significantly more than 3 (1, 10) in PCL+polyurethane group and 9 (2, 13) in polyurethane alone group (with Z values of 2.61 and 2.40, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusions: The prepared PCL negative pressure material and PBS negative pressure material have good biocompatibility, and can successfully construct the new matrix of full-thickness skin defect wounds in rats. PCL negative pressure material is better than PBS negative pressure material in general.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Collagen , Feasibility Studies , Interleukin-6 , Polyurethanes , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skin Abnormalities , Soft Tissue Injuries , Wound Healing
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 276-281, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935211

ABSTRACT

Objective: Systematically summarize the research progress of clinical trials of gastric cancer oncology drugs and the overview of marketed drugs in China from 2012 to 2021, providing data and decision-making evidence for relevant departments. Methods: Based on the registration database of the drug clinical trial registration and information disclosure platform of Food and Drug Administration of China and the data query system of domestic and imported drugs, the information on gastric cancer drug clinical trials, investigational drugs and marketed drugs from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2021 was analyzed, and the differences between Chinese and foreign enterprises in terms of trial scope, trial phase, treatment lines and drug type, effect and mechanism studies were compared. Results: A total of 114 drug clinical trials related to gastric tumor were registered in China from 2012 to 2021, accounting for 3.7% (114/3 041) of all anticancer drug clinical trials in the same period, the registration number showed a significant growth rate after 2016 and reached its peak with 32 trials in 2020. Among them, 85 (74.6%, 85/114) trials were initiated by Chinese pharmaceutical enterprise. Compared with foreign pharmaceutical enterprise, Chinese pharmaceutical enterprise had higher rates of phase I trials (35.3% vs 6.9%, P=0.001), but the rate of international multicenter trials (11.9% vs 67.9%, P<0.001) was relatively low. There were 76 different drugs involved in relevant clinical trials, of which 65 (85.5%) were targeted drugs. For targeted drugs, HER2 is the most common one (14 types), followed by PD-1 and multi-target VEGER. In the past ten years, 3 of 4 marketed drugs for gastric cancer treatment were domestic and included in the national medical insurance directory. Conclusions: From 2012 to 2021, China has made some progress in drug research and development for gastric carcinoma. However, compared with the serious disease burden, it is still insufficient. Targeted strengthening of research and development of investment in many aspects of gastric cancer drugs, such as new target discovery, matured target excavating, combination drug development and early line therapy promotion, is the key work in the future, especially for domestic companies.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Gastrointestinal Agents/therapeutic use , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Pharmaceutical Preparations , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 11-16, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928474

ABSTRACT

Chronic wounds have always been a tough fight in clinical practice, which can not only make patients suffer from pain physically and mentally but also impose a heavy burden on the society. More than one factor is relevant to each step of the development of chronic wounds. Along with the in-depth research, we have realized that figuring out the pathophysiological mechanism of chronic wounds is the foundation of treatment, while wound infection is the key point concerned. The cause of infection should be identified and prevented promptly once diagnosed. This paper mainly describes the mechanism, diagnosis and therapeutic strategies of chronic wound infection, and will put an emphasis on the principle of debridement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Disease , Debridement , Wound Infection/therapy
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1120-1125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928032

ABSTRACT

Since the implementation of drug registration in China, the classification of Chinese medicine has greatly met the needs of public health and effectively guided the transformation, inheritance, and innovation of research achievements on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). In the past 30 years, the development of new Chinese medicine has followed the registration transformation model of " one prescription for single drug". This model refers to the R&D and registration system of modern drugs, and approximates to the " law-abiding" medication method in TCM clinic, while it rarely reflects the sequential therapy of syndrome differentiation and comprehensive treatment with multiple measures. In 2017, Opinions on Deepening the Reform of Review and Approval System and Encouraging the Innovation of Drugs and Medical Devices released by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council pointed out that it is necessary to " establish and improve the registration and technical evaluation system in line with the characteristics of Chinese medicine, and handle the relationship between the traditional advantages of Chinese medicine and the requirements of modern drug research". Therefore, based on the development law and characteristics of TCM, clinical thinking should be highlighted in the current technical requirements and registration system of research and development of Chinese medicine. Based on the current situation of registration supervision of Chinese medicine and the modern drug research in China, the present study analyzed limitations and deficiency of " one prescription for single drug" in the research and development of Chinese medicine. Additionally, a new type of " series prescriptions" was proposed, which was consistent with clinical thinking and clinical reality. This study is expected to contribute to the independent innovation and high-quality development of the TCM industry.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Public Health
10.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 776-780, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954372

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) characteristic chromatogram of different parts of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq., and to compare different parts of the chemical components based on multivariate statistical analysis. Methods:The UPLC was used to establish the fingerprint of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. . The chromatograms were matched to generate the UPLC charactersistic chromatogram of different parts. Based on the variance analysis of single factor, combined with the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) ,Cluster Analysis (CA) and the Partial Orthogonal Least Square Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA) to analyze the differences of different medicinal parts of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq.. Results:16 common peaks of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. were demarcated in crude drugs, compared with the medicinal materials of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq., the peak 13 (tectochhrysin) was lost in the decoction pieces, and the shell were missing peak 5 and peak 6. The results of PCA and CA showed that 15 batches of different medicinal parts of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. can be broadly divided into 3 categories. The OPLS-DA result showed that the value of the peak area of peaks 14 (Nootkatone), 4, 7 and 12 were the main factors affecting the chemical composition of different parts of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. .Conclusion:The fingerprint determination method established in this study is stable and controllable, which could distinguish the different parts of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. .

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2361-2367, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the real experience of the elderly who has felt happy during the time they stayed at nursing homes, and discuss the meaning which is behind their experience during the COVID-19 pandemic, to provide scientific basis for improving their subjective well-being.Methods:Qualitative explanatory phenomenological analysis methods, and semi-structured in-depth interviews were used to interview 21 elderly people living in Guangzhou Songhe Nursing Home. Data analysis and subject extraction were carried out with reference to the Colaizzi 7-step analysis.Results:The real experience of subjective well-being of the elderly in nursing homes has six themes: be satisfied with the nursing home management service, be satisfied with harmonious interpersonal relationship, be satisfied with good health, be satisfied with family support, grateful and expectations for the social support system, be satisfied with and grateful for the epidemic prevention work during the COVID-19 epidemic.Conclusions:The elderly who live in a nursing home with perfect management and service, care for each other, are healthy, receive family and social support, are grateful, and understand family and social support will be more likely to feel happy. Improving the subjective well-being of the elderly in nursing homes requires the coordination and support of nursing homes, the elderly, families, society and other aspects.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 142-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913179

ABSTRACT

Vaccination is an effective way to reduce the morbidity and mortality of infectious diseases. As a needle-free transcutaneous immunization (NF-TCI) vaccination technology, microneedles (MNs), composed of multiple micro-needles orderly attached to a substrate, can overcome the problems of low immune efficiency, poor compliance and waste of resources that exists in the conventional vaccination by injection, thus becoming a research hotspot in biomedicine. The microneedle vaccine can directly break through the stratum corneum barrier of the skin without touching nerves and blood vessels in the dermis, and effectively delivers the vaccine to the immune cells in the skin tissue to initiate the immune response of the body, thus triggering strong humoral and cellular immune processes. Vaccine delivery via the MNs system possesses the advantages of high safety, satisfying immune effect and practical economy, and shows great prospect in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases and antineoplastic therapy. This article reviews the development background of MNs in transcutaneous immunization, the types of vaccine delivery, the factors affecting the immune effect, the problems to be solved and development direction in the future.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2438-2446, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), human mobility restriction measures have raised controversies, partly because of the inconsistent findings. An empirical study is promptly needed to reliably assess the causal effects of the mobility restriction. The purpose of this study was to quantify the causal effects of human mobility restriction on the spread of COVID-19.@*METHODS@#Our study applied the difference-in-difference (DID) model to assess the declines of population mobility at the city level, and used the log-log regression model to examine the effects of population mobility declines on the disease spread measured by cumulative or new cases of COVID-19 over time after adjusting for confounders.@*RESULTS@#The DID model showed that a continual expansion of the relative declines over time in 2020. After 4 weeks, population mobility declined by -54.81% (interquartile range, -65.50% to -43.56%). The accrued population mobility declines were associated with the significant reduction of cumulative COVID-19 cases throughout 6 weeks (ie, 1% decline of population mobility was associated with 0.72% [95% CI: 0.50%-0.93%] reduction of cumulative cases for 1 week, 1.42% 2 weeks, 1.69% 3 weeks, 1.72% 4 weeks, 1.64% 5 weeks, and 1.52% 6 weeks). The impact on the weekly new cases seemed greater in the first 4 weeks but faded thereafter. The effects on cumulative cases differed by cities of different population sizes, with greater effects seen in larger cities.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Persistent population mobility restrictions are well deserved. Implementation of mobility restrictions in major cities with large population sizes may be even more important.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cities , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 760-760, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effect of polygonatum polysaccharide on zebrafish with Alzheimer disease. METHODS Zebrafish were trained in T maze for 7 d. The 40 zebrafish successfully trained were divided into 4 groups:blank group, model group, positive group and polygonatum polysaccharide group. Model group, positive group and polygonatum polysaccharide group were put in AlCl3100μg·L-1 for 6 d. The positive group was exposed to Huperzine A solution 4μg·L-1, and the polygonatum polysaccharide group was exposed to polygonatum polysaccharide solution 6 g·L-1 for 6 d. The model group was not treated, and the blank group was not treated. Each stage of zebrafish was recorded by video, and the time of each group in the EC region was analyzed. After administration, the brain tissue was taken out and the expression of N-cadherin, P38 and p-P38 protein factors was determined by Western blotting. RESULTS In behavior, the analysis of the time spent in the EC area, the blank group, the positive group and the polygonatum polysac?charide group were compared with the model group, respectively, there were statistically significant differences (P<0.05). At the protein level, compared with the model group, the P38 and p-P38 proteins in the positive group and the polygonatum polysaccharide group were down-regulated, while the N-cadherin protein was up-regulated, with statistical difference (P<0.05). CONCLUSION Polygonatum polysaccharide can improve the learning and memory ability of zebrafish with Alzheimer disease by up regulating the protein level of N-cadherin and hindering P38 phosphorylation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1946-1952, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status and influencing factors of quality of life among disabled elderly whose home care services were paid by the long-term care insurance in Guangzhou, in order to provide a scientific evidence for improving their quality of life and improving the long term care insurance system.Methods:A convenience sample of 161 disabled elderly whose home care services were paid by the long-term care insurance were recruited and investigated. A cross-sectional survey was conducted by general information questionnaire, World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Scale, Barthel Index, Self-rating Depression Scale, Self-rating Anxiety Scale and World Health Organization Happiness Index Scale.Results:The score of the quality of life among disabled elderly was 41.17±7.79. And the score of its four dimensions in descending order: environment, social relationships, psychological and physical with (11.38 ± 2.71), (10.36 ± 3.16), (9.86 ± 2.08), (9.56 ± 1.89) points. The multiple linear regression analysis found that frequencies of outdoor activities per week, frequencies of hospitalization in the past year, subjective well-being, depression and anxiety influenced the quality of life of the disabled elderly( P<0.05). Conclusions:The quality of life of disabled elderly is not optimistic. Nurses in home care institutions should formulate personalized nursing intervention based on influencing factors to improve the quality of life of disabled elderly, while providing a basis for optimizing long-term care insurance policies.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 849-857, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886520

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the role and potential mechanisms of neuropilin-1 (NRP1) in the pathogenesis of vein graft failure. Methods    The rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were transfected with NRP1-shRNA adenovirus and negative control adenovirus respectively. Cell counting kit-8, flow cytometry, Transwell and Western blot were used to investigate the effects of inhibition of NRP1 on VSMCs proliferation viability, apoptosis, migration capacity and its downstream signaling pathway protein expression. Results    The proliferation and migration of rat VSMCs could be inhibited after down-regulation of NRP1, and the increase of apoptosis was also observed. Moreover, inhibition of NRP1 significantly reduced Akt and NF-κB phosphorylation in rat VSMCs, but had little effect on activation of ERK1/2. Conclusion    NRP1 may promote vein graft hyperplastic remodeling by regulating the proliferation and migration of VSMCs through PI3K/Akt and NF-κB pathways, but further animal study is required.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3297-3309, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922795

ABSTRACT

Nanoparticles (NPs) have shown potential in cancer therapy, while a single administration conferring a satisfactory outcome is still unavailable. To address this issue, the dissolving microneedles (DMNs) were developed to locally deliver functionalized NPs with combined chemotherapy and photothermal therapy (PTT).

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 430-436, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014354

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the pharmacological mechanism of Weimaining in the treatment of lung ade¬nocarcinoma ( LUAD) , using a network pharmacology and molecular docking approach. Methods The active components and potential targets of Weimanin ( Rhizo- ma Fagopyri Cymosi) were screened out through TCM- SP, TCMID, BATMAN-TCM and ETCM data plat-form, and supplemented with literature. The gene ex¬pression data of LUAD were obtained from the Gen Ex¬pression Omnibus database(GEO) , and the differenti¬ally expressed genes were determined using R software. A protein-protein interaction( PPI) network of intersec¬tion targets was constructed by STRING and visualized by Cytoscape software, and GO functional annotation and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were per¬formed by Metascape platform. Finally, molecular doc¬king studies were carried out to verify the binding of core components and targets. Results Selecting the OB and DL as filter condition, 16 active ingredients and 353 potential targets were involved. MMP-9, MMP-1, CAT and other targets were closely related to LUAD. The KEGG analysis showed that target genes were enriched in several key cancer-related signaling pathways, including the Fluid shear stress and athero¬sclerosis, Pathways in cancer, AGE-RAGE signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, etc. Conclusions The present study investigates the main active compo¬nents, targets and related pathways of Weimaining in the treatment of LUAD, which provides the theoretical basis and ideas for further research.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 9-15, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint and multi-component determination for the substance benchmark of Yiweitang, and to evaluate its quality in combination with chemical pattern recognition method. Method:Fifteen batches of substance benchmark of Yiweitang were prepared, the "Chinese medicine chromatographic fingerprint similarity evaluation system" (2012 edition) was used to calculate similarity. Cluster analysis, principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis were employed to handle the common peaks for evaluating the quality difference among 15 batches of the substance benchmark. The contents of catalpol, verbascoside and methylophiopogonanone A were determined with mobile phase system of acetonitrile-phosphoric acid solution at detection wavelengths of 210 nm and 334 nm. Result:There were 22 common peaks in HPLC fingerprint of the substance benchmark, among them, peaks 1, 9, 12, 14-17, 19 and 20 belonged to Rehmanniae Radix, peaks 3, 4, 6, 7 and 21 belonged to Glehniae Radix, peaks 5 and 22 belonged to Ophiopogonis Radix, peaks 2 and 18 belonged to Polygonati Odorati Rhiaoma, peak 8 was the common peak of Ophiopogonis Radix and Rehmanniae Radix, peak 10 was shared by Ophiopogonis Radix, Polygonati Odorati Rhiaoma<italic> </italic>and<italic> </italic>Rehmanniae Radix, peak 11 was the common peak of these four herbs, and peak 13 was shared by Polygonati Odorati Rhiaoma and Rehmanniae Radix. The similarities between HPLC fingerprints of 15 batches of the substance benchmark and the control fingerprint were all >0.90, the samples could be divided into four categories by three chemical pattern recognition methods. Quantitative analysis showed that the contents of catalpol, verbascoside and methylophiopogonanone A among 15 batches of samples ranged from 0.37% to 1.14%, 0.002% to 0.054% and 0.016% to 0.079%, respectively. Conclusion:The established fingerprint and determination for the substance benchmark of Yiweitang have good separation and high accuracy, which reflect the overall chemical composition characteristics of Yiweitang, and can provide experimental basis for the further development and quality control of the compound preparations of this famous classical formula.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 206-212, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish characteristic chromatogram of Cornus officinalis and its different wine-processedproducts,investigate the differences of chromaticity values,and analyze them with chemical pattern recognition technology.METHODS:UPLC method was adopted. Using loganin as reference,UPLC characteristic chromatograms were drawn for 10batches of C. officinalis and 20 batches of different wine-processed products (stewing with wine,steaming with wine). TCMFingerprint Similarity Evaluation System(2012A edition)was used for similarity evaluation,and common peaks were confirmed.The chromaticity values [lightness(L),red and green tone value(a),yellow and blue tone value(b),color difference value(ΔE)]were determined by spectrophotometer. SPSS 20.0 and SIMCA 14.0 software were used for cluster analysis,principal componentanalysis and partial least squares-discriminant analysis;taking the area of characteristic peak and chromaticity value as indexes,andthe variable importance projection greater than 1 as the standard,the difference markers affecting its quality were screened.RESULTS:There were 6 common peaks in the chromatograms for decoction piece of C. officinalis,7 common peaks forwine-processed C. officinalis(stewing with wine)and wine-processed C. officinalis(steaming with wine). Four components wereidentified as gallic acid,5-hydroxymethylfurfural,morroniside,loganin. 5-hydroxymethylfurfural was produced after processing.The similarity between C. officinalis and different wine-processed products (stewing and steaming with wine) was low(0.869-0.937,0.845-0.944),but the similarity between different wine-processed products was higher than 0.99. ΔL,Δa,Δb and ΔEof C. officinalis decoction pieces and wine-processed C. officinalis decoction pieces(stewing in wine)were -9.42--3.58,-24.92- -15.00,-11.33- -7.00 and 17.01-28.12,respectively. ΔL,Δa,Δb and ΔE of C. officinalis decoction pieces and wine-processed C. officinalis(steaming in wine)decoction pieces were -8.58--2.42,-25.08--13.83,-10.92--6.08,15.58-28.67. ΔL,Δa,Δb and ΔE of wine-processed C. officinalis decoction pieces(stewing and steaming with wine)were -2.17-3.00,-0.75-2.50, 0.25-1.42 and 1.25-3.83,respectively. Results of cluster analysis showed that 30 batches of sample were clustered into two categories,S1-S10 were clustered into one category,and S11-S30 were clustered into other category. Principal component analysis showed that cumulative contribution rate of former two main components was 83.147%. Results of partial least squares-discriminant analysis showed that morroniside,No.5 peak and chromaticity values(L,a,b)were the difference markers affecting its quality. CONCLUSIONS:Established UPLC characteristic chromatogram is stable and feasible,and can be used to rapidly identify C. officinalis and its different wine-processed products. Established chemical mode can be used to identify different wine-processed products.

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