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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 713-723, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016614

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of Flos Farfarae (FF) fumigation on cigarette smoke-induced lung injury mice, and analyze the metabolic profile of lung tissue by metabolomics. All animal experiments were conducted under the guidance and approval of the Animal Ethics Review Committee of Shanxi University (Approval number: SXULL2019014). By using HS-GC-MS to analyze volatile components of Flos Farfarae, 23 compounds were identified. The results showed that FF fumigation improved the lung tissue morphology of cigarette smoke-induced lung injury mice, lowered the levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). The lung tissue samples were applied for metabolomic analysis based on UHPLC-QTOF MS, the results showed that 70 metabolites were changed in the lung tissue of mice after cigarette exposure, and 35 of them could be regulated, including lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), 12-HETE, adenosine, and xanthine. These metabolites, such as LPC, 12-HETE, adenosine, and xanthine were mainly associated with the body's inflammatory response. It was observed that these metabolites are primarily involved in purine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, phospholipid metabolism, and pyruvate metabolism pathways. These findings suggest that the volatile terpenoids in the FF may regulate the metabolites associated with the inflammatory response in the lung tissue, such as lysophosphatidylcholine, 12-HETE, and adenosine, which could further alleviate lung inflammation induced by cigarette smoke through the metabolic pathways of purine metabolism and others. This study proved the scientific basis of the traditional application of FF fumigation, and provided a theoretical basis for the further product development.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 363-371, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013585

ABSTRACT

Aim To anticipate the mechanism of zuka- mu granules (ZKMG) in the treatment of bronchial asthma, and to confirm the projected outcomes through in vivo tests via using network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. Methods The database was examined for ZKMG targets, active substances, and prospective targets for bronchial asthma. The protein protein interaction network diagram (PPI) and the medication component target network were created using ZKMG and the intersection targets of bronchial asthma. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomics (KEGG) and gene ontology (GO) were used for enrichment analysis, and network pharmacology findings were used for molecular docking, ovalbumin (OVA) intraperitoneal injection was used to create a bronchial asthma model, and in vivo tests were used to confirm how ZKMG affected bronchial asthma. Results There were 176 key targets for ZKMG's treatment of bronchial asthma, most of which involved biological processes like signal transduction, negative regulation of apoptotic processes, and angiogenesis. ZKMG contained 194 potentially active components, including quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, and other important components. Via signaling pathways such TNF, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), cancer pathway, and MAPK, they had therapeutic effects on bronchial asthma. Conclusion Key components had strong binding activity with appropriate targets, according to molecular docking data. In vivo tests showed that ZKMG could reduce p-p38, p-ERKl/2, and p-I

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 440-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of elderly patients with papillary thyroid cancer(PTC)by age grouping.Methods:The patients were divided into three groups according to age at diagnosis: old(≥60 years, 90 cases), middle(40-59 years, 359 cases)and young patients(<40 years, 203 cases). The clinical data of 652 patients with PTC who were admitted to the Department of Thyroid Surgery of Beijing Hospital from December 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into elderly group(≥60 years old, 90 cases), middle-aged group(40-59 years old, 359 cases)and young group(<40 years old, 203 cases). The clinical characteristics, ultrasound characteristics and invasion-related factors of patients in different groups were analyzed by statistical methods.Results:Compared with the young and middle-aged group, the elderly patients with PTC had a higher proportion of microcarcinoma(75.6%, 75.2%, 61.4%, χ2=13.054, P=0.001), less cervical lymph node metastasis(24.4%, 34.3%, 58.1%, χ2=41.650, P<0.001), and lower proportion of metastatic lymph nodes(0.08, 0.14, 0.24, χ2=40.618, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in tumor location and extra glandular invasion among the three age groups(35.56%, 36.2%, 38.4%, χ2=0.959, P=0.545). Conclusions:Compared with the young and middle-aged groups, PTC showed low invasiveness in the elderly population.In addition to surgical treatment, for elderly patients with low-risk clinical characteristics, it is worth performing a further study on whether careful observation or palliative treatment can be selected after comprehensive evaluation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 730-736, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of patellar tilt angle on postoperative outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without patella resurfacing.Methods:A total of 143 patients with end-stage knee osteoarthritis who underwent TKA without patellar replacement in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from October 2020 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 111 females, aged 68.44±6.79 years (range, 52-86 years). Patients were divided into three groups according to the postoperative patellar tilt angle: tilt angle<5° was the mild tilt group (97 cases), 5°≤tilt angle<10° was the moderate tilt group (31 cases), and tilt angle≥10° was the severe tilt group (15 cases). All patients were followed up in the outpatient clinic at 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery, and knee visual analogue score (VAS), Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score and patella Feller score were observed and recorded to compare the postoperative knee pain and function of patients in different patella tilt groups.Results:All patients were followed up for 1.16±0.23 years (range, 1.0-2.0 years). There was no significant difference in baseline data between the groups. There were significant differences in the intra-group comparison of the VAS score before and after surgery among the three groups ( F=51.12, P<0.001; F=36.90, P<0.001; F=15.76, P<0.001). The VAS scores at 3, 6 and 12 months after operation were significantly lower than those before operation ( P<0.05). The knee VAS of the severe group was higher than that of the mild and moderate groups at 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in knee HSS scores before and after surgery among the three groups ( F=81.12, P<0.001; F=36.05, P<0.001; F=32.93, P<0.001). The knee HSS scores at 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery were higher than those before surgery, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The knee HSS scores of the severe tilt group at 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery were lower than those of the mild and moderate groups, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the intra-group comparison of the patella Feller score before and after surgery among the three groups ( F=88.81, P<0.001; F=49.59, P<0.001; F=37.40, P<0.001). The patellar Feller score at 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery was higher than that before surgery, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The patellar Feller score of the severe group at 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery was lower than that of the mild and moderate groups, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Patellar tilt angle after TKA without patellar resurfacing will increase knee pain and limit joint function.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 406-411, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993346

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical effects of portal vein embolization (PVE) with N-butyl cyanoacrylate copolymer (NBCA) and with gelatin sponge (GS) as embolization materials in patients with initially unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:Clinical data of 90 patients with initial unresectable HCC who underwent PVE treatment at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from November 2014 to April 2020 were included. There were 77 males and 13 females, aged 48 (25, 67) years old. Patients were divided into two groups according to the embolization materials selected in PVE: NBCA group ( n=60) and GS group ( n=30). Forty-eight and 18 patients finally underwent secondary hepatectomy in NBCA group (resectable NBCA group) and GS group (resectable GS group), respectively. Clinical data including future liver remnant (FLR) growth rate and secondary hepatectomy rate were analyzed. Survivals after hepatectomy was followed up by telephone, WeChat, and outpatient review. Results:The secondary hepatectomy rate in NBCA group was higher than that in GS group [80%(48/60) vs. 60%(18/30), P=0.043]. The waiting time from primary intervention to secondary hepatectomy in resectable NBCA group was 15 (7, 96) d, which was shorter than that in resectable GS group [40 (28, 118) d, P<0.001]. The FLR growth rate of resectable NBCA group was 9.03 (1.24, 29.64) ml/d, which was faster than that in resectable GS group [3.76 (0.08, 8.03) ml/d, P<0.001]. The recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates of patients in resectable NBCA group were 69.1%, 62.0% and 44.7% at 1, 2 and 3 years after surgery, and the overall survival (OS) rates were 76.4%, 69.5% and 59.6%, respectively. The RFS rates of patients in resectable GS group were 60.6%, 48.5% and 35.4% at 1, 2 and 3 years after surgery, and the OS rates were 66.7%, 60.6% and 42.4%, respectively. There were no significant differences in RFS and OS between two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:PVE with NBCA and GS as embolization material showed good efficacy in patients with initially unresectable HCC. The FLR growth rate and secondary hepatectomy rate of patients using NBCA were better than those of patients using GS.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 489-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of cystic plate approach (CPA) for extrahepatic right hepatic pedicle dissection in minimally invasive anatomical hepatectomy (MIALR).Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 42 patients with primary liver cancer who underwent laparoscopic right hemi-hepatectomy in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University from August 2020 to August 2022 were collected. There were 36 males and 6 females, aged (55±13)years. Of the 42 patients, 25 cases undergoing CPA for extrahepatic right hepatic pedicle dissection were divided into the CPA group, and 17 cases undergoing traditional approach for extrahepatic right hepatic pedicle dissection were divided into the traditional approach group. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( IQR), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the non‐parameter rank sum test. Results:(1) Surgical situations. All patients in the two groups underwent laparos-copic right hemi-hepatectomy successfully, with the surgical margin as negative. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time of dissection of the targeted hepatic pedicle, cases under-going dissection of the trunk of right anterior hepatic pedicle and its operation time, cases under-going dissection of the trunk of right posterior hepatic pedicle and its operation time, cases with hepatic pedicle injury, cases with hepatic tissue injury, cases with dissection space as large and small were 150.00(130.00)minutes, 100.00(100.00)mL, 472.00(201.00)seconds, 10 and 366.00(94.75)seconds, 9 and 564.00(138.50)seconds, 2, 2, 25, 0 in patients of the CPA group, versus 140.00(113.00)minutes, 100.00(125.00)mL, 670.00(107.00)seconds, 8 and 663.00(136.00)seconds, 7 and 783.00(189.00)seconds, 8, 5, 2, 19 in patients of the traditional approach group. There were significant differences in the time of dissection of the targeted hepatic pedicle, time of dissection of the trunk of right anterior hepatic pedicle, time of dissection of the trunk of right posterior hepatic pedicle, hepatic pedicle injury, dissection space between the two groups ( Z=-4.809, -3.254, -3.188, χ2=6.493, 34.314, P<0.05) and there was no significant difference in the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, dissection of the trunk of right anterior hepatic pedicle, dissection of the trunk of right posterior hepatic pedicle, hepatic tissue injury between the two groups ( Z=-0.282, -0.412, χ2=0.095, 0.002, 1.976, P>0.05). (2) Postoperative situations. There was no patient under-going postoperative hemorrhage in both of the two groups. The alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), total bilirubin (TBil) and prothrombin time (PT) at postoperative day 3, cases with postoperative biliary fistula, pathological type of tumor (hepatocellular carcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma) were 68.00(48.50)U/L, 52.00(35.50)U/L, 28.30(12.35)mmol/L, 12.40(2.40)seconds, 2, 21, 4 in patients of the CPA group. The above indicators were 58.00(25.00)U/L, 41.00(19.50)U/L, 26.80(14.25)mmol/L, 12.50(2.95)seconds, 5, 15, 2 in patients of the traditional approach group. There was no significant difference in the ALT, AST, TBil, PT at postoperative day 3, postoperative biliary fistula between the two groups ( Z=-1.218, -1.488, -0.205, -0.320, χ2=1.976, P>0.05), and there was no significant difference in the pathological type of tumor between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Application of CPA for extrahepatic right hepatic pedicle dissection in MIALR is safe and feasible.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 481-488, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety of minimally invasive liver resection for resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) complicated with portal hypertension.Methods:The propensity score matching and retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 807 patients with resectable HCC who underwent minimally invasive liver resection in 8 medical centers, including Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Affiliated with the Zhejiang University School of Medicine et al, from June 2011 to November 2022 were collected. There were 670 males and 137 females, aged 58(50,66)years. Of the 807 patients, 173 cases with portal hypertension were divided into the portal hypertension group, and 634 cases without portal hypertension were divided into the non-portal hypertension group. Observation indicators: (1) propensity score matching and comparison of general data of patients between the two groups after matching; (2) intraoperative and post-operative situations; (3) subgroup analysis. Propensity score matching was done by the 1:1 nearest neighbor matching method, with the caliper setting as 0.001. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was conducted using the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was constructed using the non-parameter rank sun test. Results:(1) Propensity score matching and comparison of general data of patients between the two groups after matching. Of the 807 patients, 268 cases were successfully matched, including 134 cases in the portal hypertension group and 134 cases in the non-portal hypertension group. The elimination of the tumor diameter and robot-assisted surgery confounding bias ensured comparability between the two groups after propensity score matching. (2) Intraoperative and postoperative situations. The occlusion time of porta hepatis, cases with intraoperative blood transfusion, cases with postoperative complication, cases with complication >Ⅱ grade of Clavien-Dindo classification, cases of Clavien-Dindo classification as Ⅰ grade, Ⅱ grade, Ⅲ grade, Ⅳ grade, cases with liver related complication were 27.0(15.0,43.0)minutes, 33, 55, 15, 13, 29, 14, 1, 37 in the portal hypertension group, versus 35.0(22.0,60.0)minutes, 17, 25, 5, 14, 9, 4, 1, 13 in the non-portal hypertension group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=-2.15, χ2=6.30, 16.39, 4.38, 20.72, 14.16, P<0.05). (3) Subgroup analysis. Results of subgroups analysis showed that in cases with major live resection, the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 243.5(174.6,296.3)minutes, 200.0(150.0,600.0)mL, 7.5(6.0,13.0)days in the portal hypertension group, versus 270.0(180.0,314.5)minutes, 200.0 (75.0,450.0)mL, 7.0(5.5,10.0)days in the non-portal hypertension group, showing no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=-0.54, -1.73, -0.92, P>0.05). In cases with non-major live resection, the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 170.0(120.0,227.5)minutes, 100.0(50.0,200.0)mL, 8.0(5.0,10.0)days in the portal hypertension group, versus 170.0(120.0,227.5)minutes, 100.0(50.0,200.0)mL, 7.0(5.5,9.0)days in the non-portal hypertension group, showing no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=-1.39, -0.10, 1.05, P>0.05). In cases with anatomical liver resection, the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 210.0(150.0,285.0)minutes, 150.0(50.0,200.0)mL, 8.0(6.0,9.3)days in the portal hypertension group, versus 225.5(146.3,306.8)minutes, 100.0(50.0,250.0)mL, 7.0(6.0,9.0)days in the non-portal hypertension group, showing no significant difference in the above indica-tors between the two groups ( Z=-0.75, -0.26, -0.91, P>0.05). In cases with non-anatomical liver resection, the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 173.5(120.0,231.5)minutes, 175.0(50.0,300.0)mL, 7.0(5.0,11.0)days in the portal hyper-tension group, versus 186.0(123.0,262.5)minutes, 100.0(50.0,200.0)mL, 7.0(5.0,9.5)days in the non-portal hypertension group, showing no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=-0.97, -1.12, -0.98, P>0.05). Conclusion:Minimally invasive liver resection or even major liver resection is safe and feasible for screened HCC patients complicated with portal hyper-tension, but attention should be paid to the prevention and treatment of postoperative complications.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): E001-E001, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of cystic plate approach (CPA) for extrahepatic right hepatic pedicle dissection in minimally invasive anatomical hepatectomy (MIALR).Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 42 patients with primary liver cancer who underwent laparoscopic right hemi-hepatectomy in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University from August 2020 to August 2022 were collected. There were 36 males and 6 females, aged (55±13)years. Of the 42 patients, 25 cases undergoing CPA for extrahepatic right hepatic pedicle dissection were divided into the CPA group, and 17 cases undergoing traditional approach for extrahepatic right hepatic pedicle dissection were divided into the traditional approach group. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( IQR), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann?Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi?square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the non‐parameter rank sum test. Results:(1) Surgical situations. All patients in the two groups underwent laparoscopic right hemi-hepatectomy successfully, with the surgical margin as negative. The operative time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time of dissection of the targeted hepatic pedicle, cases undergoing dissection of the trunk of right anterior hepatic pedicle and its operation time, cases undergoing dissection of the trunk of right posterior hepatic pedicle and its operation time, cases with hepatic pedicle injury, cases with hepatic tissue injury, cases with dissection space as large and small were 150.00(130.00)minutes, 100.00(100.00)mL, 472.00(201.00)seconds, 10 and 366.00(94.75)seconds, 9 and 564.00(138.50)seconds, 2, 2, 25, 0 in patients of the CPA group, versus 140.00(113.00)minutes, 100.00(125.00)mL, 670.00(107.00)seconds, 8 and 663.00(136.00)seconds, 7 and 783.00(189.00)seconds, 8, 5, 2, 19 in patients of the traditional approach group. There were significant differences in the time of dissection of the targeted hepatic pedicle, time of dissection of the trunk of right anterior hepatic pedicle, time of dissection of the trunk of right posterior hepatic pedicle, hepatic tissue injury, dissection space between the two groups ( Z=-4.809, -3.254, -3.188, χ2=6.493, 34.314, P<0.05) and there was no significant difference in the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, dissection of the trunk of right anterior hepatic pedicle, dissection of the trunk of right posterior hepatic pedicle, hepatic tissue injury between the two groups ( Z=-0.282, -0.412, χ2=0.095, 0.002, 1.976, P>0.05). (2) Postoperative situations. There was no patient undergoing postoperative hemorrhage in both of the two groups. The alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), total bilirubin (TBil) and prothrombin time (PT) at postoperative day 3, cases with postoperative biliary fistula, pathological type of tumor (hepatocellular carcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma) were 68.00(48.50)U/L, 52.00(35.50)U/L, 28.30(12.35)mmol/L, 12.40(2.40)seconds, 2, 21, 4 in patients of the CPA group. The above indicators were 58.00(25.00)U/L, 41.00(19.50)U/L, 26.80(14.25)mmol/L, 12.50(2.95)seconds, 5, 15, 2 in patients of the traditional approach group. There was no significant difference in the ALT, AST, TBil, PT at postoperative day 3, cases with postoperative biliary fistula between the two groups ( Z=-1.218, -1.488, -0.205, -0.320, χ2=1.976, P>0.05), and there was no significant difference in the pathological type of tumor between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Application of CPA for extrahepatic right hepatic pedicle dissection in MIALR is safe and feasible.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 96-108, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979454

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study aims to investigate the effect of modified Baitouwengtang (MBTWD) on tumor growth and the number of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in tumor tissue of MC38 cell tumor-bearing mice with colorectal cancer and explores whether MBTWD mediates the remodeling of TAM phenotype to play an immunologically antitumor effect. MethodFirstly, The C57BL/6 mouse tumor model grafted subcutaneously was established, and then model mice were classified into a model group, positive control group(3 mg·kg-1), and MBTWD groups with high and low dosages(23.43、46.86 g·kg-1), with 10 mice in each group. In addition, 10 healthy mice were set as the blank group, and the changes in body weight, tumor volume, and survival status of mice in each group were observed. Tumor tissue, spleen, and peripheral blood were collected to calculate the tumor volume change, tumor inhibition rate, and spleen mass. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes of tumor tissue, and an immunofluorescence assay was used to detect the expression levels of CD4, CD8, and CD206 in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice. The secretion levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, interleukin (IL)-6, and chemokine (C-C Motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) in peripheral serum were measured by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Secondly, a co-culture model induced by IL-4 in vitro of MC38 cells and murine monocytic macrophage RAW264.7 cells was established. Cell proliferation and activity assay (CCK-8) was used to detect the inhibitory effect of MBTWD containing serum on cell proliferation. A transwell experiment was used to detect the effect of IL-4-induced M2 macrophages on the invasion of MC38 cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of CD86 on the membrane of M2 macrophages induced by IL-4 with MBTWD containing serum. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the effect of MBTWD containing serum on the mRNA expression levels of M1 macrophage-related polarization factors CD86, nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and IL-12, as well as M2 macrophage-related polarization factors CD206, CD163, and IL-10 after co-cultivation. Finally, the protein expression levels of colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R), stimulator of interferon genes (STING), and TANK binding kinase 1 (TBK1) in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice were detected by Western blot. ResultIn vivo experimental results show that compared with the model group, the MBTWD can significantly inhibit the tumor growth of tumor-bearing mice. Immunofluorescence experiments show that the MBTWD can increase the number of CD8+ T cell infiltration in tumor tissue of tumor-bearing mice, reduce the number of CD206+ TAMs infiltration, and down-regulate the secretion levels of cytokines IL-6, TGF-β, and CCL2 in peripheral blood of tumor-bearing mice. The results of in vitro experiments show that the MBTWD containing serum has no obvious inhibitory effect on cell proliferation, but the cell supernatant after co-cultivation with RAW264.7 cells can inhibit the proliferation activity of MC38 cells, and the invasion ability of MC38 cells is enhanced by IL-4-induced M2 macrophages. However, this effect can be inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by the MBTWD containing serum. At the same time, the results of Real-time PCR show that the MBTWD containing serum can up-regulate the mRNA expression levels of M1 macrophage-related polarization factors CD86, iNOS, and IL-12 and down-regulate those of M2 macrophage-related polarization factors CD206, CD163, and IL-10. Flow cytometry results also confirm that the MBTWD containing serum can increase the number of repolarized CD86+ M1 macrophages, indicating that MBTWD can induce M2 macrophages to repolarized M1 macrophages to play an anti-tumor growth role. Finally, Western blot results show that MBTWD can down-regulate the expression of CSF1R protein and up-regulate that of STING and TBK1 proteins in tumor tissue of tumor-bearing mice. ConclusionMBTWD can down-regulate the infiltration number of CD206+ TAMs and increase the infiltration of CD8+ T cells, thereby playing an immunologically antitumor effect on the growth inhibition of colorectal cancer, which may be related to regulating CSF1R signaling and then activating STING/TBK1 signaling pathway to induce phenotypic remodeling of TAMs.

10.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 411-422, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982712

ABSTRACT

Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring bioactive compounds that are widely distributed in various food sources and Traditional Chinese Medicine. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and underlying mechanisms of alkaloid extract from Codonopsis Radix (ACR) in ameliorating hepatic lipid accumulation in a mouse model of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). The results revealed that ACR treatment effectively mitigated the abnormal weight gain and hepatic injury associated with HFD. Furthermore, ACR ameliorated the dysregulated lipid metabolism in NAFLD mice, as evidenced by reductions in serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein levels, accompanied by a concomitant increase in the high-density lipoprotein level. ACR treatment also demonstrated a profound anti-oxidative effect, effectively alleviating HFD-induced oxidative stress and promoting ATP production. These effects were achieved through the up-regulation of the activities of mitochondrial electron transfer chain complexes I, II, IV, and V, in addition to the activation of the AMPK/PGC-1α pathway, suggesting that ACR exhibits therapeutic potential in alleviating the HFD-induced dysregulation of mitochondrial energy metabolism. Moreover, ACR administration mitigated HFD-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and suppressed the overexpression of ubiquitin-specific protease 14 (USP14) in NAFLD mice. In summary, the present study provides compelling evidence supporting the hepatoprotective role of ACR in alleviating lipid deposition in NAFLD by improving energy metabolism and reducing oxidative stress and ER stress. These findings warrant further investigation and merit the development of ACR as a potential therapeutic agent for NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Codonopsis , Liver , Lipid Metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Alkaloids/pharmacology , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Energy Metabolism , Lipids , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Mice, Inbred C57BL
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1032-1039, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985505

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the risk intensity and related influencing factors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among high-stress rescue workers, and to provide effective tools for the risk assessment of PTSD in military rescue workers. Method: From June to August 2022, cluster sampling was used to select the high-stress rescue personnel of an Army department as the survey subjects. The acute Stress reaction (ASD) scale and PTSD checklist were used to evaluate the risk of PTSD in military rescue personnel. Multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of PTSD. Results: The age of 4 460 subjects was (24.38±4.072) years old, including 4 396 males (98.6%). The positive rate of initial screening for ASD was 2.85% (127/4 460). The positive rate of PTSD was 0.67% (30/4 460). Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that female, older age, recent trauma exposure history, passive smoking and alcohol consumption were at higher risk of ASD, the values of OR (95%CI) were 4.183 (1.819-9.618), 6.278 (1.363-28.912), 3.094 (1.500-6.379), 2.059 (1.298-3.267) and 2.607 (1.614-4.211), respectively; Lower education level was associated with lower risk of ASD, OR (95%CI) was 0.593 (0.359-0.978); People who are older, thinner, have a history of mental illness, and drink alcohol were at higher risk for PTSD, the values of OR (95%CI) were 20.144 (2.459-165.043), 10.287 (2.218-47.700), 91.104 (8.592-965.980) and 2.866 (1.144-7.180), respectively. Conclusion: Gender, age, education level, passive smoking, alcohol consumption, past history of mental illness and body mass index may be related to the potential risk of PTSD in rescue workers,passive smoking, alcohol consumption, and weight controlling should be focused on to reduce potential risks of PTSD.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/prevention & control , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Risk Assessment , Military Personnel , Alcohol Drinking
12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 401-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981970

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 16 months, attended the hospital due to head and facial erythema for 15 months and vulva erythema for 10 months with aggravation for 5 days. The boy developed perioral and periocular erythema in the neonatal period and had erythema and papules with desquamation and erosion in the neck, armpit, and trigone of vulva in infancy. Blood gas analysis showed metabolic acidosis; the analysis of amino acid and acylcarnitine profiles for inherited metabolic diseases and the analysis of organic acid in urine suggested multiple carboxylase deficiency; genetic testing showed a homozygous mutation of c.1522C>T(p.R508W) in the HLCS gene. Finally the boy was diagnosed with holocarboxylase synthetase deficiency and achieved a good clinical outcome after oral biotin treatment. This article analyzes the clinical data of a child with holocarboxylase synthetase deficiency and summarizes the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of this child, so as to provide ideas for clinicians to diagnose this rare disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Biotin/therapeutic use , Holocarboxylase Synthetase Deficiency/drug therapy , Homozygote , Mutation , Rare Diseases/drug therapy
13.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 692-700, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010076

ABSTRACT

With the development of medical technology, tumor vaccines as a novel precise immunotherapy approach have gradually received attention in clinical applications. Against the backdrop of the global corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, vaccine technology has further advanced. Depending on the types of antigens, tumor vaccines can be divided into whole-cell vaccines, peptide vaccines, messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) vaccines, recombinant virus vaccines, etc. Although some tumor vaccines have been marketed and achieved certain therapeutic effects, the results of tumor vaccines in clinical trials have been unsatisfactory in the past period. With the maturation of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology and the continuous development of bioinformatics, dynamic monitoring of the entire process of tumor subpopulation development has become a reality, which has laid a solid foundation for personalized, neoantigen-centered therapeutic tumor vaccines. This article reviews the recent developments of tumor vaccines of different types, starts with lung cancer and summarizes the achievements of tumor vaccines in clinical applications, and provides an outlook for the future development of antigen-centered tumor vaccines.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Cancer Vaccines/therapeutic use , Antigens, Neoplasm , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoplasms/genetics , Computational Biology , Immunotherapy/methods , Lung
14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 117-122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991918

ABSTRACT

Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterized by the continuous loss of skeletal muscle. The pathogenic mechanism of cancer cachexia remains unknown, and the effectiveness of routine nutritional therapy is limited. The mitochondrial disorder is demonstrated to play an important role in the mechanism of tumor-induced skeletal muscle atrophy, including alterations to the mitochondrial ultrastructure, biogenesis, dynamics, mitophagy, and functions. Interventions targeting mitochondrial alterations provide a potential solution to cancer cachexia and represent a new focus in this research field.

15.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 174-184, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effectiveness and feasibility of cryogenic disinfectants in different cold scenarios and analyze the key points of on-site cryogenic disinfection.@*METHODS@#Qingdao and Suifenhe were selected as application sites for the manual or mechanical spraying of cryogenic disinfectants. The same amount of disinfectant (3,000 mg/L) was applied on cold chain food packaging, cold chain containers, transport vehicles, alpine environments, and article surfaces. The killing log value of the cryogenic disinfectant against the indicator microorganisms ( Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli) was used to evaluate the on-site disinfection effect.@*RESULTS@#When using 3,000 mg/L with an action time of 10 min on the ground in alpine regions, the surface of frozen items, cold-chain containers, and cold chain food packaging in supermarkets, all external surfaces were successfully disinfected, with a pass rate of 100%. The disinfection pass rates for cold chain food packaging and cold chain transport vehicles of centralized supervised warehouses and food processing enterprises were 12.5% (15/120), 81.67% (49/60), and 93.33% (14/15), respectively; yet, the surfaces were not fully sprayed.@*CONCLUSION@#Cryogenic disinfectants are effective in disinfecting alpine environments and the outer packaging of frozen items. The application of cryogenic disinfectants should be regulated to ensure that they cover all surfaces of the disinfected object, thus ensuring effective cryogenic disinfection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disinfectants/pharmacology , Disinfection , Escherichia coli , Staphylococcal Infections , Staphylococcus aureus
16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2420-2428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrieve and obtain relevant evidence of intra-abdominal pressure-oriented enteral nutrition assessment and management in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension, in order to provide evidence-based evidence for clinical medical staff to make enteral nutrition-related clinical decisions for patients with intra-abdominal hypertension.Methods:Systematic retrieval of Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, Chinese Biomedical Literature, UpToDate, PubMed, Cochrane Library, BMJ Best Practice and other English data, as well as domestic and foreign guidelines such as American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, etc. All evidence available on the Internet in both Chinese and English on intra-abdominal pressure-guided enteral nutrition strategies in adults with intra-abdominal hypertension, study types including clinical decision-making, systematic reviews/meta-analyses, evidence summaries, expert consensus, guidelines or related to the subject of this study closely related high-quality original research. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the database to November 2021. The literature evaluation tool was selected according to the research type. Two researchers trained in the evidence-based system independently evaluate the quality of the included literature, fully considering the clinical situation and expert opinions, and completed the evidence. Extracted and summarized.Results:Totally 13 articles were finally included, including 5 guidelines, 3 expert consensuses, 1 evidence summary and 4 original studies, and 29 evidence-based practice evidence of enteral nutrition in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension were collected, including the monitoring timing of enteral pressure, the pressure of enteral high pressure and the way of enteral nutrition, the pressure measurement of the abdominal cavity, the setting of abdominal pressure, the temperature conditions for early start of enteral nutrition, the selection of enteral pressure, the temperature setting of enteral nutrition nine aspects such as speed and regulation of internal nutrition and abdominal compartment syndrome prevention.Conclusions:This study summarizes the best evidence of intra-abdominal pressure management and enteral nutrition therapy in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension, and provides evidence-based basis for risk management, standardizing clinical practice, and ensuring treatment safety. In the stage of evidence transformation, clinical medical staff need to comprehensively weigh the benefits and risks of early enteral nutrition, and integrate evidence in combination with clinical practical application scenarios, so as to form a standardized early enteral nutrition management plan suitable for patients with intra-abdominal hypertension.

17.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 732-736, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006669

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To develop a prognosis model based on CT images using radiomics method for patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) and to investigate the additional prediction value of the imaging features of the contralateral normal femoral head regions for the prognosis prediction. 【Methods】 A total of 51 patients were included in this retrospective study. All the patients had preoperative CT images. For each patient, two regions of interest (ROIs) were involved, including the osteonecrosis region and the contralateral normal femoral head region. A total of 968 radiomics features were extracted for each patient. We made both the univariate and multivariable analyses. Three models were developed based on the features of osteonecrosis region, contralateral normal femoral head region, and both regions. The 10 times of repeated random experiments were used for model construction and validation. The average performance of the 10 times of experiments was reported as the results. 【Results】 For the features of osteonecrosis region, 37 features showed significant predictive value, with the mean AUC value of 0.708 2±0.029 9. The AUC of the constructed prediction model was 0.911 0±0.029 4 and 0.688 6±0.089 3 for the training set and validation set, respectively. For the features of contralateral normal femoral head region, 14 features showed significant predictive value, with the mean AUC value of 0.703 6±0.006 9. The AUC value of the constructed model for the training set and validation set was 0.867 2±0.039 5 and 0.669 0±0.072 6, respectively. For the models developed based on combined features, the AUC value was higher than that of the models developed based on osteonecrosis region features (training set: 0.935 8±0.016 6 vs. validation set: 0.737 9±0.090 8). 【Conclusion】 We developed a novel CT images-based radiomics method to predict postoperative prognosis in patients with ONFH. Furthermore, the features of contralateral normal femoral head region has additional prediction value. Combining the imaging features of osteonecrosis region and contralateral normal femoral head region can obtain more accurate prediction of prognosis in patients with ONFH.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 740-748, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014213

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effeets of Salvianolie aeirl A (SAA) on platelet recruitment, activation and neutrophils in heart of myocardial infarction ( Ml ) mice.Methods C57BL/6 mice were randomly divid¬ed into: Sham operation group.Ml model group, SAA (5, 10 mg • kg 1 ) group, tirofiban (Tirofiban, 0.87 mg • kg ' ) group, using tail vein injection for 3 d.Echocardiography and HE staining were used to detect mouse heart function and infarct area; 1HC, FCS, ELISA, Western blot and other methods were used to explore the inhibitory effect of SAA on platelet and neutrophil activation.Results Compared with Ml group, SAA could improve the cardiac function and cardiac physiology changes of Ml mice, reduce the ex¬pression of CD42c in myocardial tissue and CD62p in peripheral blood without affecting tail bleeding time, reduce ADP-induced platelet activation and increase p- VASP/VASP ratio, reduce the ratio of p-PI3K/PI3K and p-AKT/AKT, reduce the expression of CD45, Ly6G, CXCL1 and CXCL2 in myocardial tissue, re¬duce the expression of complement component C3aR in myocardial tissue, and reduce C3a-induced NE and MPO, MMP9, LF level.Conclusions SAA has an anti-platelet activation effect by inhibiting the PI3K/ AKT and VASP pathways and an anti-neutrophil acti¬vation effect by inhibiting the expression of C3aR and C3a.

19.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1346-1351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012994

ABSTRACT

With the continuous improvement of the ethics committee status and the rapid growth of ethical review projects, the ethics committee urgently needs to establish an evaluation mechanism for continuous improvement. In view of a series of problems faced by the ethics committee in its daily management and operation, this paper discussed the concept and measures of introducing quality assurance and quality improvement into the ethics committee. Through comparing the advantages and disadvantages of the three models of quality assurance and quality improvement, this paper summarized the practical experience, further determined the internal evaluation, improvement model and evaluation elements of ethics committee, constantly improve the internal evaluation system of the ethics committee, strengthen the education and training of the ethics committee, and implement the whole chain electronic review, so as to improve the operation efficiency and review ability of the ethics committee, and provide sufficient ethical protection for the protection of the rights and interests of subjects.

20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1362-1368, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969796

ABSTRACT

Objective: To inhibit the stemness maintenance potential of endometrial cancer and increase the sensitivity of endometrial cancer side population cells to chemotherapy drugs by inducing extensive deSUMOylation modification of proteins. Methods: Flow cytometry was used to sort and culture CD133(+) CD44(+) KLE endometrial cancer cell clone spheres. Protein expression level of small ubiquitin-related modifier 1 (SUMO1) and two stemness maintenance genes of tumor side population cells, octamer binding transcription factor-4 (Oct4) and sex determining region Y-box2 (Sox2), were detected by western blotting method. Lentivirus-mediated Sentrin/SUMO-specific proteases 1 (SENP1) gene was stably transfected into KLE side population cells. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expressions of SENP1, SUMO1, Oct4 and Sox2. The clone formation rate was compared between KLE side population cells with or without SENP1 overexpression. Flow cytometry was applied to detect cell cycle changes. 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazole-2)-2, 5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) experiment and flow cytometry apoptosis method were used to detect the chemosensitivity of the side population of endometrial cancer cells to cisplatin. Tumor-bearing mouse models of endometrial cancer were established to detect the effect of SENP1 overexpression on the chemotherapy sensitivity of cisplatin. Results: Compared with CD133(-)CD44(-) KLE cells, CD133(+) CD44(+) KLE side population cells could form clonal spheres and express higher levels of SUMO1, Oct4 and Sox2 proteins (P<0.05). Compared with KLE side population cells that were not transfected with SENP1 gene, the expression level of SENP1 protein in KLE side population cells overexpressing SUMO1、Oct4 and Sox2 were lower. The clonal sphere formation rate was reduced from (25.67±5.44)% to (7.46±1.42)%, and cell cycle shifted from G(0)/G(1) phase to G(2) phase. IC(50) of cisplatin decreased from (55.46±6.14) μg/ml to (11.55±3.12) μg/ml, and cell apoptosis rate increased from (9.76±2.09)% to (16.79±3.44)%. Overexpression of SENP1 could reduce the tumorigenesis rate of KLE side population cells in vivo and increase their chemotherapy sensitivity to cisplatin (P<0.05). Conclusion: Overexpression of SENP1 can induce protein deSUMOylation modification, inhibit the stemness maintenance potential of endometrial cancer side population cells, and enhance their chemotherapy sensitivity, which provides a new reference for gene therapy of endometrial cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Cysteine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Endometrial Neoplasms/genetics , Side-Population Cells/pathology , Sumoylation
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