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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919215

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To evaluate the effect and possible mechanism of growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) on chondrocytes of osteoarthritis (OA). @*Methods@#Articular chondrocytes were cultured and the expression of GHRH receptor in chondrocytes was detected. Then recombinant adenovirus GHRH (Ad- GHRH) was transfected to one group of chondrocytes. The expression of collagen type II, matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in each experimental group was determined by Western blot. @*Results@#The GHRH receptor was expressed in chondrocytes, and this provided a basis for further study of the role of GHRH in chondrocytes. Cell proliferation of the Ad-GHRH group was significantly higher than that of the OA group by CCK-8 assay. Compared with the OA-group, the protein expression of MMP‑13 was decreased in the Ad-GHRH group. Compared with the OA-group, the protein expression of collagen type II, phosphorylated STAT3 (P-STAT3) were increased in the Ad-GHRH group. @*Conclusions@#Our results show that the GHRH receptor is expressed in chondrocytes. GHRH can promote the proliferation of chondrocytes and the synthesis of type II collagen, and increase the extracellular matrix, which is achieved by phosphorylated STAT3 protein.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the new generation of intelligent ICU Unit based on 5G and artificial intelligence technology.Methods:This study was conducted at the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from May 2019 to August 2020. Based on a multidisciplinary team including medical, nursing, hospital management, clinical medical engineering, 5G technology, information technology, artificial intelligence technology, logistics service, etc, was assembled to intelligently design and reconstruct an intelligent ICU Unit of Emergency ICU.Results:Based on 5G technology, a new intelligent ICU unit environment was constructed to realize remote and high-speed interaction of multi-dimensional information in ICU, including intelligent assistance of remote monitoring, remote ward rounds, remote consultation and family visits. An intelligent hospital infection prevention and control system was established including automatic identification and alarm of hand hygiene and personal protection.Conclusions:The new generation of intelligent ICU unit combined with 5G and artificial intelligence technology has changed the mode of medical service for critically ill patients and improved the service level, which is worthy of further exploration and application.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic effects of two comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) methods in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:Ninety-seven patients with newly diagnosed AML at Beijing Hospital from August 2008 to December 2019 were included (≥60 years old). All patients were evaluated by two methods of CGA. One was IACA index proposed by Beijing Hospital, including instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), age, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), albumin; the other was proposed by Italian FIL study group (FIL-CGA), including activities of daily living (ADL), IADL, age, and modified cumulative illness rating score for geriatrics (MCIRS-G).Results:Among 97 patients, 54 patients received standard chemotherapy, 16 with decitabine, 2 with targeted therapy and 25 with the best supportive therapy. The overall response rate (ORR) in 72 treated patients were 67.7%, 33.3% and 0 respectively in fit, unfit and frail groups according to IACA index ( P=0.001). Based on FIL-CGA, the ORRs of fit, unfit and frail groups were 52.5%, 41.7% and 35.0% respectively ( P=0.418). The 1-year OS rates of fit, unfit and frail groups regarding IACA method were 78.7%, 27.7% and 0 respectively ( P<0.01). The 1-year OS rates of fit, unfit and frail groups regarding FIL-CGA method were 67.8%, 28.2% and 13.9% respectively ( P<0.01), while no significant difference was seen between unfit group and frail group ( P=0.111). The early death rates of fit, unfit and frail groups by IACA were 0, 6.0% and 28.6% respectively ( P=0.006), while those by FIL-CGA were 2.3%, 5.9%, 13.9% respectively ( P=0.123). Conclusion:Compared with FIL-CGA method, IACA predicts more effectively the treatment response, survival and early mortality in elderly patients with AML.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 955-960, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909962

ABSTRACT

Thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF)is more common in patients with osteoporosis,which seriously affects the life quality of the elderly. Percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP)and percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)are the conventionally effective strategies for treatment of OVCF,whereas quite a lot OVCF patients still sufferred from residual back pain,affecting postoperative recovery. Bone density,postoperative infection,cement leakage induced nerve injury,fascia injury and facet joint violation may be the potential factors for residual back pain. In this study,the authors review advances in the definition of residual back pain in OVCF after surgery and related risk factors including injured vertebrae,bone density,fascia injury,intravertebral vacuum cleft,cement volume and distribution,surgical related factors including facet joint violation,hoping to provide a reference for clinical treatment.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908880

ABSTRACT

Applying the effective teaching design to the teaching of Clinical Medicine Summary can improve the teaching quality of the course, the learning enthusiasm and effectiveness of non-clinical major students, so as to achieve the teaching purpose of the course. Practice has proved that optimizing the professional curriculum content, rationally using the information resources to mobilize students study initiative, improving teachers' own quality to improve teaching methods and means, changing the test standards and assessment methods and other effective teaching designs can significantly improve the teaching quality of the course, the students' learning motivation and learning effect, and achieve the teaching objectives.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the clinical efficacy of Qingfei Xiegantang on chronic inflammation and endothelial function of people of Taiyin constitution with metabolic syndrome (MS). Method:Patients (162 cases) were divided into control group (80 cases) and observation group (82 cases). Both groups got lifestyle intervention and treatment with lipid regulation, blood pressure reduction and hypoglycemia according to MS. Patients in observation group got Qingfei Xiegantang, 1 dose/day. Patients in control group got placebo granules of Qingfei Xiegantang. The treatment lasted for 4 months. Before and after treatment, weight, height, waist (WC), hip, body mass index (BMI) and waist hip ratio (WHR) were calculated. Levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), fasting blood glucose (FBG), 2-hour postprandial blood glucose (2 hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting insulin (FINS) were measured. Insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), insulin sensitivity index (ISI) and islet beta cell function index (HOMA-<italic>β</italic>), systolic blood pressure (SBD), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6), leptin (LP), adiponectin (ADP), nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were detected and recorded. Then the safety was evaluated. Result:Levels of body mass, BMI, WHR, TG, TC, LDL-C, FBG, 2 hPG, HbA1c, HOMA-IR, SBD, DBP, TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IL-6, LP, ET-1 and iNOS were all lower than those in control group. Levels of HDL-C, InISI, HOMA-<italic>β</italic>, ADP, NO and eNOS were higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). And score of syndrome differentiation of Taiyin people was lower than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The compliance rate of BMI in observation group was 70.27% (52/74), which was higher than 53.42% (39/73) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.421, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The compliance rate of blood pressure was 95.95% (71/74), was higher than 84.93% (62/73) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.171, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The compliance rate of blood fat was 87.84% (65/74), which was higher than 72.60% (53/73) (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.386, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Qingfei Xiegantang can regulate the obesity, blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipid components of MS, relieve clinical symptoms, improve IR, insulin sensitivity and islet <italic>β</italic> cell function, reduce inflammatory reaction, and increase vascular endothelial function of people of taiyin constitution with metabolic Syndrome.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 131-134, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862557

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the influence of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) on some inflammatory mediators during the progression of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) and its clinical significance. MethodsA total of 15 patients with HAE who underwent partial liver resection in Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital from June 2018 to September 2019 were enrolled, and the marginal zone of HAE lesion was resected as AE group; 15 normal liver tissue samples collected during the same period of time were selected as control group. Western blot and qRT-PCR were used to measure the protein and mRNA expression of protein kinase R-like ER kinase (PERK), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP), caspase-12, and glucose-regulated protein-78 (GRP-78), and q-PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups; a Pearson correlation analysis was performed to investigate the correlation between two variables. ResultsCompared with the control group, the AE group had significantly higher protein expression levels of PERK, CHOP, caspase-12, and GRP78 (U=4.165, 3.461, 2.577, and 3.344, all P<0.001) and their mRNA expression levels (t= 34003, 4.461, 53.573, and 55.224, all P<0.001). The AE group had significantly higher mRNA expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF than the control group (t=6.090, 12.578, and 53.573, all P<0.001). The protein expression levels of PERK, CHOP, caspase-12, and GRP-78 were positively correlated with the mRNA expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF (all r>0.700, all P≤0.05). ConclusionPositive correlation is observed between the activation of ERS and inflammatory mediators in HAE, and excessive activation of ERS can change the secretion of several inflammatory mediators to exacerbate liver injury, while further studies are needed to clarify the specific mechanism.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878891

ABSTRACT

A high performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector combined with electrospray ionization ion trap time-of-flight multistage mass spectrometry(HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MS~n, HPLC-MS~n) method was established for qualitative analysis of the chemical components of ethyl acetate extract from Sinopodophylli Fructus. The analysis was performed on a Kromasil 100-5 C_(18)(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) column, with a mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid(A) and acetonitrile(B) for gradient at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1). Electrospray ionization ion trap time-of-flight multistage mass spectrometry was applied for qualitative analysis under positive and negative ion modes. With use of reference substance, characteristic fragmentation and their HR-MS data, 102 components were identified, including 67 flavonoids and 35 lignans. Among them, 45 compounds were reported in Sinopodophylli Fructus for the first time and 19 compounds were identified as new compounds. PharmMapper was used to predict the bioactivity of compounds that were first reported in Sinopodophylli Fructus, and 20 compounds of them were identified to have potential anticancer activity. The results showed that there were many isomers in the ethyl acetate extract of Folium Nelumbinis, and a total of 19 groups of isomers were found. Among them, C_(21)H_(20)O_8 had the highest number of isomers(18 compounds), all of which were α-peltatin or its isomers; C_(21)H_(20)O_7 ranked second, with 10 compounds, all of which were 8-prenylquercetin-3-methyl ether or its isomers. In conclusion, an HPLC-MS~n method was established for qualitative analysis of the ethyl acetate extract(with anti-breast cancer activity) from Sinopodophylli Fructus in this study, which will provide the evidence for clarifying pharmacological active ingredients of the ethyl acetate extract from Sinopodophylli Fructus against breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Fruit , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878878

ABSTRACT

Polysaccharides are macromolecular compounds formed by more than 10 monosaccharide molecules linked by glycosidic bonds. Polysaccharides have a wide range of sources, high safety and low toxicity, with a variety of biological activities, such as anti-tumor, anti-virus, immune regulation, lowering blood glucose, and lowering blood lipids. Type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2 DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, insulin resistance and low inflammation. In recent years, the treatment of T2 DM with polysaccharide has become a research hotspot. Polysaccharides can not only make up for the side effects such as hypoglycemia, weight gain, gastrointestinal injury caused by long-term treatment of acarbose, biguanidine and sulfonylurea, but also play an effective role in reducing glucose by regulating glucose metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammatory response, intestinal flora, etc. In this paper, the research progress of polysaccharides in the treatment of T2 DM was reviewed. In addition, the hot spots such as the hypoglycemic activity of polysaccharides with structural modifications were summarized, providing theoretical guidance for the development of active polysaccharide hypoglycemic medicines and the further study of action mechanism.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Insulin Resistance , Polysaccharides
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877087

ABSTRACT

Objective To employ Logistic regression modeling to analyze the related factors influencing the accuracy of the high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) determination of preservatives in beverages. Methods The HPLC separation was performed on a Zorbax Eclipse Plus C18 column with methanol-ammonium acetate solution as mobile phase. The external standard method was used to determine 5 beverage preservatives. The influencing factors on the measurement accuracy were statistically evaluated with univariate and multivariate analysis. Results Univariate analysis showed that the recovery rate of the added standard in the determination of coffee beverage preservatives by HPLC was affected by the pretreatment method, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the main influencing factors on the accuracy of determination of sorbic acid was the pretreatment method (OR=5.406, P<0.05), while the sample type was a protective factor (OR=0.134, P<0.05). For the determination of benzoic acid, the main factor influencing the accuracy was the sample type (OR=1.112, P<0.05), while the pretreatment method was a protective factor (OR=0.447, P<0.05). Conclusion Logistic regression analysis can identify risk factors for the accuracy of the determination, and provide statistical modeling support for the experimental optimization.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1006-1015, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886979

ABSTRACT

Lefamulin (BC-3781) is a semi-synthetic pleuromutilin antibiotic, approved for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) by Food and Drug Administration (USA) in August 2019, with the commodity name of Xenleta. It is the first pleuromutilin antibiotics used for systemic treatment of bacterial infections in human. Lefamulin binds to the peptidyl transferase center of the 50S ribosomal subunit to prevent peptide transfer, thus inhibits protein synthesis. Lefamulin displays expanded activity against gram-positive organisms, and also shows high activity against atypical microorganism like Mycoplasma pneumoniae. This review discusses the mechanism, bacterial spectrum of activity, preclinical and clinical data of Lefamulin.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879816

ABSTRACT

A girl, aged 22 months, attended the hospital due to recurrent vulvar rashes for more than half a year. Skin biopsy showed Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and evaluation of systemic conditions showed no systemic involvement. Therefore, the girl was diagnosed with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (skin type). In conclusion, for rashes on the vulva alone, if there are no specific clinical manifestations, the possibility of Langerhans cell histiocytosis should be considered after molluscum contagiosum, sexually transmitted diseases, and Fordyce disease are excluded.


Subject(s)
Developmental Disabilities , Exanthema/etiology , Female , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Infant , Vulvar Diseases/diagnosis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888015

ABSTRACT

In this paper,metabolomics and network pharmacology were used to investigate the bioactive components of Harrisonia perforata and their possible mechanisms of action. Metabolites in the flowers,fruits,branches,leaves and stalks of H. perforata were analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Meanwhile,multiple statistical analysis methods including principal component analysis( PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis( OPLS-DA)were applied to screen and identify differential compounds. With metabolomics method,9 differential compounds were preliminarily identified from leaves and other non-traditional medicinal parts. Subsequently,these compounds were explored by using network pharmacology. With gastrointestinal absorption and drug-likeness as limiting conditions,they were imported into the Swiss ADME,from which 7 compounds with potential medicinal activity were obtained. Then,their targets were predicted by PharmMapper,with Human Protein Targets Only and Normalized Fit Score>0. 9 set as limiting conditions,and 60 standardized potential targets were identified with Uniprot. KEGG( Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) pathway data was obtained using metascape and the " potential active ingredients-target-pathway" network was constructed with Cytoscape 3. 7. 2. The enrichment analysis of KEGG demonstrated that the 60 targets were enriched in 78 signaling pathways( min overlap: 3,P value cutoff: 0. 01,min enrichment: 1. 5),many of which are related to anti-bacteria,anti-inflammation and anti-virus,such as IL-17 signaling pathway,RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway. Finally,depending on the clinical activity of H. perforata,the relevant signaling pathways were analyzed through experimental data and literature. Dehydroconiferyl alcohol was reported to have the anti-inflammatory effect and perforamone D to possess the antimycobacterial activity. The KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that dehydroconiferyl alcohol could act on the Alzheimer's disease( AD) signaling pathway by targeting CDK5 R1 and BACE1. ACh E inhibitor is the most promising drug to treat AD,while dehydroconiferyl alcohol has been proved to inhibit ACh E according to literature. The experimental results revealed that the extract of leaves of H. perforata can effectively inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. These are consistent with the enrichment analysis results of KEGG. This study explored the bioactive components and pharmacodynamics of the leaves of the H. perforata,laying a theoretical foundation for its in-depth development and rational application.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Metabolomics , Simaroubaceae
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887954

ABSTRACT

The mixing process is one of the key operation units for solid preparation of traditional Chinese medicine. The physical properties such as particle size, density and viscosity of the mixture are key factors that need to be controlled, which will directly affect the performance of the preparation molding process and product quality. Subsequent dripping process performance and appearance qua-lity of dripping pills will be affected by dynamic viscosity of materials in the mixing process. Based on this, with mixing process of compound Danshen dripping pills as the object, a feedforward control method for the dripping pill mixing process was established based on the concept of quality by design(QbD). Firstly, critical quality attribute(CQA)-dynamic viscosity, critical material attributes(CMAs)-the moisture content of compound Danshen extract, average molecular weight of polyethylene glycol 6000 and critical process parameter(CPP)-mixing temperature were identified through the analysis of properties for multiple batches of the raw materials and excipients as well as technological mechanism. Then the Box-Behnken experimental design was used to establish the regression model among CMA, CPP and CMA(R■=0.972 0, RMSE =16.24) to obtain the design space. Finally, through the verification of three batches within the design space, the mixing process temperature was adjusted according to the properties of the raw materials and exci-pients to achieve accurate control of the dynamic viscosity attribute. The relative deviation between the actual dynamic viscosity value and the target value was less than 3.0 %. The feedforward control of the mixing process of compound Danshen dripping pills was rea-lized in this study, which can contribute to improving quality consistency of the mixing process intermediates, simultaneously provide a reference for the research on the process quality control of other Chinese medicine dripping pills.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Research Design
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): E006-E006, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811580

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explorethe proper protective measures for pancreaticdiseases treatment during theoutbreak of 2019 coronavirus disease(COVID-19).@*Method@#Clinical data of four cases of patients that suffered COVID-19from February 2nd, 2020 to February 9th, 2020 in pancreatic surgery were reviewed.After the first patientscuffednosocomial infection of COVID-19, the general protective measures in our department wereupdated.Only one patient was admitted to each room alone, with no more than one caregiver.The body temperature of care givers was measuredtwice a day.Primary protections were applied to all staff.The floor was sterilized using disinfectant with an effective chlorine concentration of 1000 mg/L.The protective measures for interventional procedures were as follow.Primary protection was applied to the operators ofcentral venipuncture catheter, percutaneous abdominal/pleural drainage, percutaneous retroperitoneal drainage, percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage and other surgical procedures with local anesthesiaand epidural anesthesia.Secondary protection was applied to the operators of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and surgical procedures with general anesthesia.@*Results@#During Feb 2nd, 2020 to Feb 9th, 2020, four patients in our department were diagnosed with COVID-19, of which one was died of COVID-19, two were cured, and one is still in hospital for COVID-19.After the update ofprotective measures in our department, no more nosocomial infection of COVID-19occurred.Two central venipuncture catheter, three percutaneous abdominal/pleural drainage, one percutaneous retroperitoneal drainage, one percuteneous transhepatic cholecyst drainage and one open surgery with general anesthesia were performed with no infection of operators.@*Conclusions@#The caregivers of patients are potential infection source of COVID-19.Enhanced protective measures including the management measures of caregivers can decrease the risk of nosocomial infection of COVID-19.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): E020-E020, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811528

ABSTRACT

Background@#At the end of 2019, a novel coronavirus outbreak emerged in Wuhan, China, and its causative organism has been subsequently designated the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). The virus has since rapidly spread to all provinces and autonomous regions of China, and to countries outside of China. Patients who become infected with 2019-nCoV may initially develop mild upper respiratory tract symptoms. However, a significant fraction of these patients goes on to subsequently develop serious lower respiratory disease. The effectiveness of adjunctive glucocorticoid therapy uses in the management of 2019-nCoV infected patients with severe lower respiratory tract infections is not clear, and warrants further investigation.@*Methods@#The present study will be conducted as an open-labelled, randomised controlled trial. We will enrol 48 subjects from Chongqing Public Health Medical Center. Each eligible subject will be assigned to an intervention group (methylprednisolone via intravenous injection at a dose of 1-2mg/kg/day for 3 days) or a control group (no glucocorticoid use) randomly, at a 1:1 ratio. Subjects in both groups will be invited for 28 days of follow-up which will be scheduled at 4 consecutive visit points. We will use the clinical improvement rate as our primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints include the timing of clinical improvement after intervention, duration of mechanical ventilation, duration of hospitalization, overall incidence of adverse events, as well as rate of adverse events at each visit, and mortality at 2 and 4 weeks.@*Discussion@#The present coronavirus outbreak is the third serious global coronavirus outbreak in the past two decades. Oral and parenteral glucocorticoids have been used in the management of severe respiratory symptoms in coronavirus-infected patients in the past. However, there remains no definitive evidence in the literature for or against the utilization of systemic glucocorticoids in seriously ill patients with coronavirus-related severe respiratory disease, or indeed in other types of severe respiratory disease. In this study, we hope to discover evidence either supporting or opposing the systemic therapeutic administration of glucocorticoids in severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.@*Trial registration@#ClinicalTrials.gov, ChiCTR2000029386, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=48777.

18.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1027-1033, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Asarum insigne Diels and develop a sensitive, accurate, and efficient ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (UFLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous quantification of five compounds. METHODS: Chromatographic separation was performed on a Shimadzu shim-pack XR-ODS III column(2.0 mm×75 mm,1.6 μm). The mobile phase was composed of 0.1% aqueous formic acid and methanol and the flow rate was 0.2 mL•min-1. Using the established method, all components could be easily separated within 14 min. All components were detected in multiple reaction monitor mode after positive atmospheric pressure chemical ionization. RESULTS: The method was validated, and had good precision, linearity, lower limit of detection, lower limit of quantification, recovery, and stability. This method was used to determine and compare the contents of five components in different medicinal parts of 11 samples, and the contents of 3,4,5-trimethoxytoluene, 3,5-dimethoxytoluene, methyleugenol in different medicinal parts of Asarum insigne were reported for the first time, which (in ng•mg-1) were as follows: 3,4,5-trimethoxytoluene: 1.5-16.71; 3,5-dimethoxytoluene: 28.59-177.20; methyleugenol: 2.46-22.48; AL-I: 46.39-324.04; 7-OCH3-AL-IV: 12.95-251.04. The content of 7-OCH3-AL-IV and total contents of two aristololactams in roots were lower than those in leaves or flower parts, and the contents of AL-I in flowers (171.9-324.0 ng•mg-1) were higher than those in roots (78.44-124.56 ng•mg-1). For methyleugenol, the contents in roots were lower than those in the other parts. CONCLUSION: It is recommended to remove the leaves, flowers, and rhizomes when using Asarum insigne and use it with extreme caution. The UFLC-MS/MS method established in this study can provide guidance for the quality evaluation and safe clinical use of traditional Chinese medicine derived from Asarum insigne.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872781

ABSTRACT

Texture analyzer is a multifunctional physical property analyzer. Through a variety of test modes such as compression, puncture, shearing and stretching, hardness, adhesion, elasticity, cohesiveness and other physical property parameters are characterized. The results are objective, sensitive, and accurate, which can provide theoretical basis and reference for interpretation of basic theoretical, optimization of prescription technology and quality control research of pharmaceutical preparations. Firstly, the principles, test modes, measurement indexes and measurement data analysis methods of texture analyzer were summarized in this paper. Secondly, the application progress of texture analyzer in solid preparations, semi-solid preparations, liquid preparations, traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces and their intermediates was described in detail, and compared with the commonly used measurement methods of physical property indicators. Finally, the application prospects of texture analyzer and its research contents to be improved were reviewed, so as to facilitate the use of texture analyzer by pharmaceutical researchers to promote the development of related fields of pharmaceutics, and to provide new ideas and methods for the research and development of pharmaceutical preparations.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828016

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases are the most important diseases that endanger national health, and its development process is complex and diverse. Various cardiovascular diseases caused by obesity, such as hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia and atherosclerosis, are interrelated and interacted each other. Diet, as the main means of prevention and treatment, plays an important role in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular disease. Mori Fructus is one of the first ingredients that are listed in medicinal and edible food. With a wide range of applications in daily life, it contains polysaccharides(polysaccharide, APS), anthocyanins(anthocyanin, LCRA), flavonoids and other bioactive ingredients. With a wide range of antioxidant, anti-aging, hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities, these materials exert effects in alleviating diabetes, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and other cardiovascular diseases. In this paper, we retrieved such databases as PubMed, Web of science, CNKI, VTTMS, Wan Fang, and collected literatures about the effect of single administration of mulberry on cardiovascular diseases in the past 15 years, with "mulberry and cardiovascular disease" as the key word, and summarized the latest progress. The results of many experimental studies have showed that different forms of mulberry can significantly alleviate obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia and hypertension, suggesting that the scope of action of Mori Fructus covers different pathological stages of cardiovascular diseases. This paper systematically analyzes and summarizes the application forms, efficacy and the existing problems of these experiments, and provides study thinking and development direction for the utilization and new product design of Mori Fructus-related products in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Cardiovascular Diseases , Fruit , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Morus
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