Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 278
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928915

ABSTRACT

Lung volume reduction loop uses bronchoscopic lung volume reduction(BLVR) technology to compress and collapse the necrotic emphysema tissue and exhaust the internal gas to achieve the purpose of lung volume reduction to treat emphysema. After the lung volume reduction loop is implanted into the human body, the compressed part of the lung tissue tends to expand with breathing, which makes the lung volume reduction loop expand into a linear trend periodically. Fatigue resistance is one of the most important performance indexes of the lung volume reduction loop. In the paper, Z-direction vibration fatigue machine was used to simulate the changes of human respiratory cycle movement to test the fatigue performance of lung volume reduction loop, which can provide some reference for the test method of in vitro fatigue performance of lung volume reduction related products in the future.


Subject(s)
Bronchoscopy/methods , Emphysema/surgery , Humans , Lung , Pneumonectomy/methods , Pulmonary Emphysema/surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922582

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, is a major public health issue. The epidemic is unlikely to be contained until the global launch of safe and effective vaccines that could prevent serious illnesses and provide herd immunity. Although most patients have mild flu-like symptoms, some develop severe illnesses accompanied by multiple organ dysfunction. The identification of pathophysiology and early warning biomarkers of a severe type of COVID-19 contribute to the treatment and prevention of serious complications. Here, we review the pathophysiology, early warning indicators, and effective treatment of Chinese and Western Medicine for patients with a severe type of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921673

ABSTRACT

Triptolide(TP), the main active and toxic component of Tripterygium wilfordii, has the limitations of low bioavailability, poor absorption, low concentration in plasma, and small lethal dose. Microneedle(MN), the hybrid of hypodermic needle and transdermal patch, is a physical penetration-enhancing system. Dissolving microneedles(DMNs) can be tailored to specific needs of degradation rate. In this study, the TP-loaded DMNs(DMNs-TP) were prepared with the two-step centrifugation method. The optimal ratio of PVA to PVP K30, water content in matrix solution, demoulding method, and plasticizer for preparing DMNs were investigated with the indexes of formability and mechanical strength. The drug loading capacity was determined by HPLC and morphological characteristics were observed under an optical microscope. The mechanical properties were investigated by H&E staining and Franz diffusion cell was used to detect the in vitro skin permeation characteristics. Through the experiment, we confirmed that the optimal backing material should be PVA and PVP K30(3∶1) and the optimal ratio of matrix material to water should be 3∶4. The prepared DMNs-TP were pyramidal with smooth surface and length of approximately 550 μm. Each patch(2.75 cm~2) had the drug loading capacity of(153.41±2.29) μg, and TP was located in the upper part of the needle. The results of in vitro skin permeation assay demonstrated that the cumulative penetration of TP in DMNs-TP reached 80% in 24 h, while little TP solution penetrated the skin, which proved that DMNs promoted the transdermal delivery of TP.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Diterpenes , Drug Delivery Systems , Epoxy Compounds , Needles , Phenanthrenes , Skin
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for postoperative sleep disturbances in elderly patients undergoing thoracic surgery.Methods:A total of 200 elderly patients of both sexes, aged>65 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiology physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ, scheduled for elective thoracic surgery, were enrolled in the study.Data regarding patient age, gender, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, history of hypertension, history of diabetes mellitus, operation method, type of operation, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, use of intraoperative nerve block and use of dexmedetomidine in patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) were collected.The patients were followed up after operation, the occurrence of postoperative pain at 48 h after operation was recorded, and patients′ subjective sleep quality at 48 h after operation was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Questionnaire (PSQI). Patients were divided into 2 groups according to PSQI score: non-postoperative sleep disturbances group (PSQI score<5) and postoperative sleep disturbances group (PSQI score≥5). A multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the risk factors for postoperative sleep disturbances in elderly patients undergoing thoracic surgery.Results:A total of 169 patients were included in this study, and the incidence of postoperative sleep disturbances was 45%.The results of logistic regression analysis showed that history of preoperative insomnia, BMI≥24 kg/m 2, diabetes mellitus, thoracic surgery, radical resection of lung cancer, radical resection of esophageal cancer, operation time≥120 min and moderate and severe postoperative pain were risk factors for postoperative sleep disturbances in elderly patients undergoing thoracic surgery, and use of intraoperative nerve block and use of dexmedetomidine during PCIA were protective factors for postoperative sleep disturbances in elderly patients ( P<0.05). Conclusion:History of preoperative insomnia, BMI≥24 kg/m 2, diabetes mellitus, thoracic surgery, radical resection of lung cancer, radical resection of esophageal cancer, operation time≥120 min, moderate and severe postoperative pain are risk factors and use of intraoperative nerve block and use of dexmedetomidine during PCIA are protective factors for postoperative sleep disturbances in elderly patients undergoing thoracic surgery.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 948-949, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911159

ABSTRACT

Carcinoid is a rare clinical disease, especially primary carcinoid of testis. On December 11, 2019, a patient with primary testicular carcinoid was admitted to the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University. The physical examination, color Doppler ultrasound and scrotal CT showed that left testicular tumor. The patient underwent radical orchiectomy and sent for pathology examination on December 14, 2019. Gastroscopy, enteroscopy and CT examination of pelvic and abdominal cavity showed no obvious abnormalities. Postoperative pathology combined with immunohistochemistry was diagnosed as primary carcinoid of testis. The patient was followed up for 23 months with no recurrence.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review and summarize the current research status of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) for the treatment of chronic atrophic gastritis(CAG),provide references and hints for relevant studies,and contribute to the further understanding of TCM and the application of TCM in the treatment of CAG with scientific evidence. Method:The PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched for relevant literature on the treatment of CAG with TCM from their establishment to August 31,2020. Eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and animal studies were included according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,and then the information of the included studies was extracted,summarized,and organized for further analysis. Result:A total of 4 RCTs and 21 animal studies (including 13 papers on compound studies,3 papers on single herb studies,and 5 papers on monomer studies) about TCM treatment for CAG were included in this study. RCTs showed that TCM could work well in improving the pathological state of gastric mucosa and clinical symptoms in patients. However,there were problems of low study quality,and non-uniform diagnostic criteria for gastric mucosal pathology and clinical efficiency evaluation. Animal experiments mainly focused on the study of drug mechanism exploration,and their results showed that TCM treatment of CAG was characterized by multi-target action. However,the animal experiments also had some problems such as inconsistence of CAG animal model establishment,positive drug selection,drug intervention methods as well as intervention cycles among different experiments. Conclusion:The efficacy of TCM in the treatment of CAG has gradually gained global recognition,but there is still a need for further standardization and unification of research methods. In the future,high-quality clinical trials and standardized animal experiments are still needed to conduct in-depth studies on the time for intervention,intervention methods,active ingredients and mechanisms of TCM,so as to make contributions to the full understanding and application of TCM in the treatment of CAG.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the analgesic effects of Wenjing Zhitong prescription (WZP) and explore its possible analgesic mechanisms so as to provide experimental basis for research and development of new Chinese medicine. Method:Analgesic effects of WZP were evaluated by observing the writhing latency and number in the writhing models which were induced by oxytocin in rats as well as those induced by acetic acid and prostaglandin E<sub>1</sub> (PGE<sub>1</sub>), respectively in mice. Effect of WZP on uterine contraction frequency, amplitude and activity were evaluated by observing the oxytocin-induced contraction of uterine smooth muscle in rats and rabbits <italic>in vivo</italic>. In the oxytocin-induced rat writhing models, the content of prostaglandin F<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α </sub></italic>(PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic>) and prostaglandin E<sub>2 </sub>(PGE<sub>2</sub>) in rat uterine tissues and the content of beta-endorphins (<italic>β</italic>-EP) in rat serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and oxytocin receptor (OTR) in rat uterine were tested by Real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) method to investigate the possible molecular mechanism of WZP for its analgesic effect. Result:Results of analgesic effect showed that in oxytocin-induced rat writhing experiment, the number of writhing responses in both the WZP (1.5,3.0 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group was lower than than in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In acetic acid-induced mice writhing experiment, the latency of writhing response in WZP (6.0 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group was significantly prolonged as compared with that in model group <italic>(P</italic><0.01), and the number of writhing response was significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In PGE<sub>1</sub>-induced mice writhing model, the writhing number in WZP (1.5,3.0,6.0 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) groups was significantly lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Results of effect on uterine smooth muscle demonstrated that WZP (0.38,0.75,1.50 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) could significantly reduce the frequency of uterine smooth muscle contraction in rabbits (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), WZP (0.75,1.50,3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) could significantly reduce the contractile amplitude and activity of smooth muscle in the uterus of rats (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Results of molecular mechanisms of analgesic effects showed that the WZP (0.75,1.50,3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) significantly reduced the content of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic> and the ratio of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic> to PGE<sub>2</sub> in the uterine tissue of rats (<italic>P</italic><0.01). In the WZP (3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, the levels of <italic>β</italic>-EP in the serum of rats were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the levels of OTR in uterus of rats in the WZP (1.50,3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Pharmacological studies demonstrated potent analgesic effect of WZP, and such analgesic effect were mediated by significantly inhibiting contraction of uterine smooth muscle, decreasing the contents of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub> </italic>and ratio of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic>/PGE<sub>2</sub>, reducing OTR expression in uterine as well as increasing the amount of <italic>β</italic>-EP in serum.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess whether adjuvant Chinese patent medicines (CPMs) to standard treatment could reduce recurrent bleeding after variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients.@*METHODS@#This study retrospectively collected 555 consecutive patients who recovered from variceal bleeding. A population-based cohort study was established depending on if adjuvant CPMs were administered to prevent rebleeding. A total of 139 patients who had taken ⩾28 cumulative defined daily doses (cDDDs) of CPMs were included in the CPMs cohort, and 416 patients who used 180 cDDDs of CPMs, respectively. The median rebleeding interval in the CPMs cohort was significantly larger compared with the non-CPMs cohort (113.5 vs. 93.0 days; P=0.008).@*CONCLUSION@#Adjuvant CPMs to standard therapy can significantly reduce the incidence of variceal rebleeding and delay the time to rebleeding.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888011

ABSTRACT

Thirteen compounds were isolated and purified from the leaves of Cinnamomum camphora by the macroporous resin,silica gel,and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. Those compounds were further identified by IR,UV,MS,and NMR techniques:( 2 S)-1-( 3″,4″-methylenedioxy phenyl)-3-( 2',6'-dimethoxy-4'-hydroxyphenyl)-propan-2-ol( 1),( 2 R,3 R)-5,7-dimethoxy-3',4'-methylenedioxy flavanol( 2),9-hydroxysesamin( 3),sesamin( 4),piperitol( 5),kobusin( 6),(-)-aptosimon( 7),acuminatolide( 8),1β,11-dihydroxy-5-eudesmene( 9),lasiodiplodin( 10),vanillin( 11),p-hydroxybenzaldehyde( 12),and p-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester( 13). Compound 1 was a novel compound,and compounds 2,6,7,9 and 10 were isolated from Cinnamomum plants for the first time. Compounds 4,7 and 10 were found to possess good inhibitory effect on IL-6 production in LPS-induced BV2 cells at a concentration of 20 μmol·L-1 in the in vitro bioassay,with inhibition rates of 51. 26% ± 4. 13%,67. 82% ± 3. 77% and85. 81%±1. 19%,respectively.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Cinnamomum , Cinnamomum camphora , Plant Leaves
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1584-1592, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887592

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There were few studies on real-world data about autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) or allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT) in peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of patients who received auto-HSCT or allo-HSCT in China.@*METHODS@#From July 2007 to June 2017, a total of 128 patients who received auto-HSCT (n  = 72) or allo-HSCT (n  = 56) at eight medical centers across China were included in this study. We retrospectively collected their demographic and clinical data and compared the clinical outcomes between groups.@*RESULTS@#Patients receiving allo-HSCT were more likely to be diagnosed with stage III or IV disease (95% vs. 82%, P = 0.027), bone marrow involvement (42% vs. 15%, P = 0.001), chemotherapy-resistant disease (41% vs. 8%, P = 0.001), and progression disease (32% vs. 4%, P < 0.001) at transplantation than those receiving auto-HSCT. With a median follow-up of 30 (2-143) months, 3-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in the auto-HSCT group were 70%(48/63) and 59%(42/63), respectively. Three-year OS and PFS for allo-HSCT recipients were 46%(27/54) and 44%(29/54), respectively. There was no difference in relapse rate (34%[17/63] in auto-HSCT vs. 29%[15/54] in allo-HSCT, P = 0.840). Three-year non-relapse mortality rate in auto-HSCT recipients was 6%(4/63) compared with 27%(14/54) for allo-HSCT recipients (P = 0.004). Subanalyses showed that patients with lower prognostic index scores for PTCL (PIT) who received auto-HSCT in an upfront setting had a better outcome than patients with higher PIT scores (3-year OS: 85% vs. 40%, P = 0.003). Patients with complete remission (CR) undergoing auto-HSCT had better survival (3-year OS: 88% vs. 48% in allo-HSCT, P = 0.008). For patients beyond CR, the outcome of patients who received allo-HSCT was similar to that in the atuo-HSCT group (3-year OS: 51% vs. 46%, P = 0.300).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study provided real-world data about auto-HSCT and allo-HSCT in China. Auto-HSCT seemed to be associated with better survival for patients in good condition (lower PIT score and/or better disease control). For patients possessing unfavorable characteristics, the survival of patients receiving allo-HSCT group was similar to that in the auto-HSCT group.


Subject(s)
China , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of spinal interleutkin-33 (IL-33) on radicular pain in rats modeling non-compressive lumbar disc herniation.Methods:A total of 80 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a lentivirus negative control group, a low-dose IL-33 recombinant lentivirus group and a high-dose IL-33 group, each of 16. Non-compressive lumbar disc herniation was successfully induced in all except the rats in the sham operation group. Two days later, the model group was injected intrathecally with 10μl of enhanced infection solution. The lentivirus control group received 10μl of negative lentivirus, the low-dose IL-33 recombinant lentivirus group received 5μl of IL-33 recombinant lentivirus and the high-dose IL-33 recombinant lentivirus group received 10μl of IL-33 recombinant lentivirus. The 50% paw withdrawal threshold (50% PWT) was measured one day before the modeling and on the 1 st, 3 rd, 5 th, 7 th, 9 th, 11 th, 13 th, 15 th, 17 th, 19 th, and 21 st day afterward. On the 12 th day the expressions of IL-33 protein and mRNA were evaluated. Results:The average expression of IL-33 protein and mRNA in the model and the lentivirus negative control group increased significantly after the modelling compared with the sham group, while expression in the low- and high-dose IL-33 recombinant lentivirus groups was significantly lower than in the lentivirus negative control group. Compared with one day before the modelling, average 50% PWTs on the affected side decreased significantly in all of the modelling groups. From the 9 th to the 21 st day significantly increased 50% PWTs were observed on the affected side in the low-dose and high-dose IL-33 recombinant lentivirus groups compared with the other two modelling groups. Immunostaining showed significant increase in the expression of IL-33 in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord in the model group, compared with the sham operation group. Significant decrease in the average expression of IL-33 in the spinal dorsal horns was observed in the low-dose and high-dose IL-33 recombinant lentivirus groups. Conclusions:Intervertebral disk herniation may increase the expression of IL-33 in the spinal cord, and may cause radicular pain.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885035

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for moderate-to-severe pain in postanesthesia care unit (PACU) in the patients undergoing thoracic surgery.Methods:The medical records of patients of both sexes, aged 18-80 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA) physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ, transferred to PACU with tracheal intubation from January 2019 to January 2020, were retrospectively collected.Combined intravenous-inhalational anesthesia was used during surgery.The patient′s age, gender, ASA physical status, smoking history, drinking history, history of non-thoracic surgery, history of hypertension, history of diabetes mellitus, and history of immune system disease were collected.The operation method, type of operation, operation time, intraoperative nerve block and use of opioids and dexmedetomidine were also collected.The consumption of rescue analgesics during PACU, occurrence of nausea and vomiting, and length of stay in PACU were also collected.Patients were divided into moderate-to-severe pain group (VAS score>3 points) and non-moderate-to-severe pain group (VAS score≤3 points) according to the VAS scores at rest and during activity at 10 min after extubation in PACU.Logistic regression analysis was used to identity the risk factors for moderate-to-severe pain in PACU.Results:A total of 1 698 patients were included in this study, the incidence of moderate-to-severe pain at rest was 46.70%, and the incidence of moderate-to-severe pain during activity was 54.12%.The results of logistic regression analysis showed that female, radical resection of esophageal cancer, mediastinal surgery, internal fixation for rib/sternal surgery were risk factors for moderate-to-severe pain in PACU, and increasing age, endoscopic surgery, intraoperative use of nerve block and dexmedetomidine were protective factors for moderate-to-severe pain in PACU in the patients undergoing thoracic surgery ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Female, radical resection of esophageal cancer, mediastinal surgery, and rib/sternal surgery are risk factors for moderate-to-severe pain in PACU in the patients undergoing thoracic surgery; increasing age, endoscopic surgery, intraoperative use of nerve block and dexmedetomidine are protective factors for moderate-to-severe pain in PACU in the patients undergoing thoracic surgery.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 472-477, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883909

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen out the potential key genes of endotoxin tolerance (ET), and to provide theoretical and experimental evidence for treatment and prognosis of sepsis.Methods:①Experiment 1 (gene chip and bioinformatics analysis): ET related data set GSE47783 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). The data set was obtained from lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated mouse macrophages to establish sepsis model (LPS group) and ET model (ET group). IDEP 0.92 software was used to screen differential expressed gene (DEG) between the two groups, analyze gene ontology (GO), and locate the main functions and signaling pathways of differential genes. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of DEG was constructed by the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes Database (STRING) to screen core genes hepatitis A virus cell membrane protein receptor 2 (HAVCR2) for following up validation study. ②Experiment 2 (reproduction of mouse macrophage RAW264.7 model): RAW264.7 cells were cultured in vitro, the ET model (ET group, cells were cultured with 10 μg/L LPS for 24 hours and then with 100 μg/L LPS for 4 hours) and sepsis model (LPS group, cells were cultured with 100 μg/L LPS for 4 hours) were reproduced by LPS stimulation. Phosphate buffer saline (PBS) group was given equal volume of solvent PBS for 4 hours. The mRNA and protein expressions of HAVCR2 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting. ③Experiment 3 (RAW264.7 cells transfected with HAVCR2 lentiviral vector): to further clarify whether HAVCR2 was involved in the formation of ET, after knockdown of HAVCR2 in RAW264.7 cells by lentiviral short hairpin RNA (shRNA) technology, the ET model (HAVCR2 --ET group) was constructed again, and the control group (ET group) without knockdown of HAVCR2 was set up. RT-qPCR method was used to detect the mRNA expressions of macrophage polarization key proteins [arginase 1 (ARG1), CD206, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2)] in cells. Results:①Experiment 1: a total of 1 013 DEG were identified, compared with LPS group, 521 genes were up-regulated and 492 genes were down-regulated in ET group. The function of these DEG was to increase biosynthesis and reduce inflammatory reaction. Signal pathways were mainly enriched in Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) , NOD like receptor, Toll-like receptor (TLR), TNF, hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). The first up-regulated HAVCR2 in the ET group was selected as the target of the study. ②Experiment 2: the results of in vitro experiment showed that the mRNA expression of HAVCR2 after high-dose LPS stimulation was down-regulated as compared with PBS group, and the mRNA expression of HAVCR2 in ET group was significantly higher than that in LPS group (2 -ΔΔCT: 1.10±0.10 vs. 0.60±0.10, P < 0.05). The results of Western blotting were consistent with RT-qPCR results. ③Experiment 3: the mRNA expressions of ARG1 and CD206 in HAVCR2 --ET group were significantly lower than those in ET group [ARG1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCT): 0.50±0.10 vs. 1.00±0.10, CD206 (2 -ΔΔCT): 0.73±0.10 vs. 1.00±0.10], and the mRNA expressions of TNF-α and IL-1β were significantly higher than those in ET group [TNF-α mRNA (2 -ΔΔCT): 2.20±0.10 vs. 1.00±0.10, IL-1β mRNA (2 -ΔΔCT): 9.00±0.10 vs. 1.00±0.10), with significant differences (all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of NOS2 mRNA between the two groups. Conclusion:HAVCR2 is involved in the regulation of inflammatory factors downstream of sepsis and the formation of ET, which is expected to become a new therapeutic target of sepsis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of self-made simple gastric simulation in nursing clinical teaching of machine gastric lavage.Methods:A total of 90 subjects were selected from the four-year nursing undergraduates of Dalian Medical University from July 2018 to December 2019 by the convenience sampling method. According to the chronological order, they were divided into the control group and the experimental group by different teaching modes with 45 cases in each group.Control group from July 2018 to March 2019 received the traditional teaching mode, experimental group from April 2019 to December 2019 received the self-made simple simulation of the stomach in gastric lavage machine surgery nursing clinical teaching pattern.After the internship, teaching quality was evaluated by gastric lavage machine theory and operation of nursing students, and the teaching effect of nursing students' satisfaction questionnaire was investigated.Results:The theoretical and operational scores of the students were (86.89±3.79), (91.33±2.15) points in the experimental group,and (74.64±7.78), (76.84±5.71) points in the control group, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( t values were 9.48, 15.92, P<0.01). Students to stimulate interest in learning, students participate in the trial group, ability, improve the learning initiative, increase the clinical thinking ability, empathy and compassion, deepen nursing connotation, like teachers teaching form seven dimensions of satisfaction score were (4.26±0.53), (4.18 ±0.57), (4.16±0.55), (4.21±0.51), (4.13±0.54), (4.06±0.59), (4.24±0.54) points in the experimental group, and (2.66±0.92), (2.61±0.85), (2.35±0.83), (2.72±0.89), (2.45±0.81), (2.70±0.89), (2.59±0.86) points in the control group, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( t values were 8.55-11.99, P<0.01). Conclusions:The clinical teaching application model of self-made simple gastric simulation in machine gastric lavage can significantly improve the quality and satisfaction of clinical nursing teaching.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 355-372, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881141

ABSTRACT

Tropomyosin receptor kinase A, B and C (TRKA, TRKB and TRKC), which are well-known members of the cell surface receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family, are encoded by the neurotrophic receptor tyrosine kinase 1, 2 and 3 (

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and summarize the clinical features of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) patients treated in 10 years, so as to provide evidence to improve current diagnosis and corresponding treatment strategies of PLA.Methods:The clinical symptoms, signs, laboratory and imaging findings, etiology and different treatments as well as corresponding efficacy and prognosis of PLA patients treated in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University during January 2010 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The chi-square was used to evaluate the differences of the categorical variables.Results:A total of 528 PLA cases were included in this study.Diabetes mellitus (46.8%, 247/528), biliary tract diseases (34.7%, 183/528) and previous hepatobiliary surgery history (19.7%, 104/528) were three most common risk factors leading to PLA. Fever (80.9%, 427/528), loss of appetite (53.6%, 283/528) and abdominal pain (51.9%, 274/528) were most common clinical manifestations. The accuracies of ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were 95.5%(472/494), 97.0%(384/396), and 96.8%(92/95), respectively. The positive rate of pus culture (70.9%, 168/237) was higher than that of blood culture (20.0%, 42/210), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=115.746, P<0.01). The top three most common bacteria were Klebsiella pneumoniae (122 strains), Escherichia coli (29 strains) and Enterococcus faecium (10 strains). The drug resistance rate of Klebsiella pneumoniae to ampicillin was as high as 97.4%(112/115). The treatment programs included 200 cases of sole antibiotic treatments. Based on the antibiotic treatment, imaging guided percutaneous puncture therapy was the most commonly used treatment (45.6%, 241/528), included imaging guided percutaneous puncture and drainage (29.0%, 153/528) and imaging guided percutaneous catheterization (16.7%, 88/528). The surgical treatments included surgical catheter drainage (5.5%, 29/528) and surgical hepatectomy(11.0%, 58/528). The total number of cured cases was 495, and the cure rate was 93.8%. Conclusions:The common clinical manifestations of PLA are fever, loss of appetite, abdominal pain. Ultrasound is a routine and effective method to detect liver abscess. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the most common pathogen. Imaging guided percutaneous puncture is the most common treatment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908929

ABSTRACT

The teaching of orthognathic surgery is difficult because it is complex and emphasizes the combination of theory and practice. The traditional teaching method focuses on theoretical teaching, but due to the limitation of conditions, it is difficult for students to master the operation. In this paper, we apply the digital three-dimensional surgical simulation system combined with 3D printing in specialist training of orthognathic surgery. Digital software and 3D printing are applied in the theoretical teaching, surgical operation, summary and reflection to combine practical teaching with theoretical teaching, so as to stimulate the subjective initiative of the students. The results showed that the teaching evaluation of the experimental group [(3.89±0.84) points] was better than that of the control group [(2.91±1.21) points]. The application of digital three-dimensional surgical simulation system combined with 3D printing has achieved satisfactory results.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908303

ABSTRACT

In order to meet the needs of national development and people′s health, the development of nursing education is facing unprecedented challenges. Nursing practice teaching undertakes the important task of providing talents for the national health cause, and it is urgent to explore a teaching mode that can adapt to the development of the times. In order to provide reference for the further development of clinical nursing education in China, we can establish the clinical nursing practice teaching mode with professional competence as the core from the aspects of clarifying the current situation, innovating the teaching model and improving the ideological and political education quality.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880035

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#From January 2005 to December 2013, 83 patients with refractory/recurrent CD20@*RESULTS@#All the patient achieved complete response. The median follow.up time was 39 months. Both the two groups collected peripheral blood stem cells successfully, and had no difference in hematopoietic reconstitution time. Three patients in treatment group and six patients in control group relapsed and the three year overall survival and EFS in treatment group was significantly higher than that in control group, that is(93.0% vs 73.1%, P=0.037) and (89.5% vs 65.4%, P=0.034), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that: compared with the treatment group in which using R in the whole courses(before and after transplantation, and collection of stem cells) was superior to the control group in both OS and EFS, with the OS 97% vs 87.5% (P>0.05) and EFS 97% vs 76.2% (P=0.05) respectively. While stratified by the different courses of rituximab, the OS was 88.9% (1-2 courses, 9 cases), 93.1% (3-4 courses, 29 cases), 94.7%(more than 5 courses,19 cases), and EFS was 77.8%, 89.7% and 94.7%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#For the patients with refractory/recurrent CD20


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hodgkin Disease , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL