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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927667

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate whether cytokine profiles and virological markers might add value in monitoring the effects of peginterferon (PEG-IFN) therapy for hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg) positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB).@*Methods@#HBeAg positive patients with CHB were treated with PEG-IFN for 48 weeks. Clinical biochemical, and HBV serological indexes, as well as cytokines, were detected at baseline and every 12 weeks.@*Results@#A total of 116 patients with CHB were enrolled in this study; 100 patients completed the 48-week treatment and follow-up, of whom 38 achieved serum HBeAg disappearance, 25 achieved HBeAg seroconversion, 37 showed HBsAg decreases ≥ 1 log 10 IU/mL, 9 showed HBsAg disappearance, and 8 became HBsAb positive. The cytokine levels at baseline and during treatment were similar between the HBeAg disappearance group and non-disappearance group. The disappearance of HBeAg was independently associated with HBeAg levels at weeks 12 and 24, and with the HBeAg decline at week 24 ( P < 0.05). The HBsAg response was independently associated with HBsAg, the HBsAg decline, HBeAg, the HBeAg decline at week 12, and HBsAg at week 24 ( P< 0.05).@*Conclusion@#There was no significant correlation between the response to interferon (IFN) and cytokines during PEG-IFN treatment. The changes in virological markers predicted the response to IFN after 48 weeks.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Cytokines , DNA, Viral , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use
2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1030-1034, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924771

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the onset of liver inflammation and related predictive factors in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection who have normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and a high viral load. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 183 patients with HBeAg-positive chronic HBV infection who had normal ALT and a high viral load and were treated from October 2008 to May 2015, and according to the results of liver biopsy, they were divided into hepatitis group and non- hepatitis group. The t -test or Mann-Whitney U testwas used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data. The predictive factors were analyzed by univariate binary logistic regression, the multivariate binary logistic regression was carried out by stepback method, and the cut-off values were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and Jordan index. Results There were 37 patients (20.2%) in the hepatitis group and 146 patients (79.8%) in the non-hepatitis group. Compared with the non-hepatitis group, the hepatitis group had a significantly lower proportion of male patients (45.9% vs 68.5%, χ 2 =6.508, P =0.011), a significantly higher level of aspartate aminotransferase [24 (21.25~35.55) U/L vs 21.2 (18.08~ 24.65) U/L, Z =-3.344, P =0.001], and a significantly lower log(HBsAg) value [4.4(4.28~4.49) vs 4.46(4.4~4.74), Z =-2.184, P =0.029]. Log(HBsAg) value was a predictive factor for hepatitis (odds ratio=0.077, P =0.017), and the cutoff value of HBsAg was 33884.4I U/mL. Conclusion Among the patients with HBeAg-positive chronic HBV infection who have normal ALT and a high viral load, 20.2% have liver inflammation, and HBsAg may be a predictive factor for liver inflammation.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887715

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the changes in the cytokine profiles of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients undergoing antiviral treatment.@*Methods@#Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients were treated with Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and entecavir (ETV). Clinical biochemistry and cytokines were detected at baseline and every 3 months.@*Results@#In all, 200 patients completed 48 weeks of treatment, 100 in the PEG-IFN group and 100 in the ETV group. During 3-6 months of treatment, compared with baseline, the PEG-IFN group showed a significant decrease in interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-17A (IL-17A), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) ( @*Conclusion@#During antiviral therapy, a change in the cytokine profile occurred; in the aspect of immune control and functional cure, PEG-IFN was significantly better than ETV.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Cytokines/blood , Female , Guanine/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Male , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of students' academic procrastination behavior in medical colleges and universities and its influencing factors, and to put forward suggestions to reduce the academic procrastination of medical students.Methods:A total of 1 327 undergraduate students from three medical colleges and universities in Heilongjiang Province were randomly selected to receive questionnaire investigation on life satisfaction, anxiety, and academic procrastination. SPSS 23.0 was used for data analysis.Results:①The total procrastination scores of medical students were (35.00±8.92) points. ②There were statistical differences in the academic procrastination of medical students with different genders, whether the only children, the reasons for choosing the major, and the level of achievement ( P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in academic procrastination among medical students of different ages and grades ( P > 0.05). ③Medical students' procrastination was positively correlated with their anxiety level ( r = 0.102, P < 0.01), and negatively correlated with life satisfaction ( r = -0.117, P < 0.01). ④Regression analysis showed that the following six predictive variables including the level of achievement, gender, life satisfaction, anxiety, reasons for choosing the major, and whether the only children could effectively explain the variance of 14.2% academic procrastination of medical students. Conclusion:The overall degree of academic procrastination of medical students is higher than that of non-medical students. And the students' achievement level, gender, life satisfaction, anxiety, the reasons for choosing this major and whether the only child are the influencing factors of academic procrastination.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829006

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Moxifloxacin (MFX) shows good activity against and can be a possible antibiotic therapy to treat infection; however, other studies have shown a lower or no activity. We aimed to evaluate MFX activity against using zebrafish (ZF) model .@*Methods@#A formulation of labeled with CM-Dil was micro-injected into ZF. Survival curves were determined by recording dead ZF every day. ZF were lysed, and colony-forming units (CFUs) were enumerated. Bacteria dissemination and fluorescence intensity in ZF were analyzed. Inhibition rates of MFX and azithromycin (AZM, positive control) were determined and compared.@*Results@#Significantly increased survival rate was observed with different AZM concentrations. However, increasing MFX concentration did not result in a significant decrease in ZF survival curve. No significant differences in bacterial burdens by CFU loads were observed between AZM and MFX groups at various concentrations. Bacterial fluorescence intensity in ZF was significantly correlated with AZM concentration. However, with increasing MFX concentration, fluorescence intensity decreased slightly when observed under fluorescence microscope. Transferring rates at various concentrations were comparable between the MFX and AZM groups, with no significant difference.@*Conclusion@#MFX showed limited efficacy against using ZF model. Its activity needs to be confirmed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Moxifloxacin , Pharmacology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Drug Therapy , Mycobacterium abscessus , Zebrafish
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744154

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of work-family conflict on job satisfaction and turnover intention of anesthesiologists in Heilongjiang Province.Methods Questionnaire survey was used for data collection.Descriptive statistics,Pearson correlation analysis and multivariate linear hierarchy regression analysis were performed to analyze the impact of work-family conflict on job satisfaction and turnover intention of anesthesiologists.Results The average value of work-family conflict among anesthesiologists was (2.99 ± 0.57).The finding indicated that work-family conflict of anesthesiologists had a significant negative effect on job satisfaction (β=-0.248,P<0.01) and a positive effect on turnover intention (β=0.329,P<0.01).Conclusion Anesthesiologists' work-family conflict is above the middle level in Heilongjiang Province.The work-family conflict of anesthesiologists can reduce job satisfaction and increase turnover intention.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792191

ABSTRACT

Objective To indentify the cognitive status of Chinese patients to acne and the influencing factors to theirs' cognitive status,so as to provide solid evidences for the prevention and treatment of acne.Methods A self-designed questionnaire was made to conduct this survey of 16,156 acne patients,who seeked to the treatment in the dermatological departments from 112 hospitals in China.The survey consisted of several parts,including the general status of patients,the patients' cognition of occurrence,development and risk factors of acne,whether the first choice was seeking treatment at the hospital when the patients had acne and the condition of selection of skin care products.The factors were analyzed,which could impact the cognition of the patients' behavior of treatment,how did the patients' cognition to influence their medical behavior and skin care as well as the consistency of assessment of the severity of acne by doctors and patients themselves.Results The acne patients studied had the best knowledge of "acne is a skin disease","it not only occurs in the period of adolescence" and "the disease can be prevented and cured",which accordingly accounted for 80.65%,69.16% and 65.49% of the total patients respectively.However,the awareness of acne patients to heredity,high sugar and dairy products as risk factors for acne was insufficient,which accounted for 48.72%,42.40% and 18.25% of the total patients,respectively.Gender,age,educational level,occupation and health knowledge were the main factors affecting the cognitive level of patients;the survey also found that men,patient with educational level of junior high or even lower educational condition,occupation of labor workers or farmers and patients were lack of health education with poor knowledge of the genetics and dietary were risk factors for acne;patients with age over 36 years or with mild illness had poor knowledge of dietary risk factors for acne;the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The analysis of the influence of cognitive status on medical treatment behavior and skin care showed that the better the cognition,the higher the probability of patients would choose medical treatment as the first choice as well as choosing functional skin care products;the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The consistency of assessment of the severity of acne by doctors and patients was poor (Kappa value <0.4),and the assessment of severity of acne by patients was more serious than doctors' assessment.Conclusions Patient's cognitive status will affect their medical behavior and skin care,and there is also a phenomenon that patients have a more serious assessment of their acne condition.It is suggested that health education for acne patients should be strengthened in clinical medicine so as to improve their knowledge of acne as well as preventing from acne effectively.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805385

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation between the frequency and function of early plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) and the treatment response in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B receiving entecavir (ETV).@*Methods@#Patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B were enrolled. Antiviral therapy with ETV, serum serological markerso hepatitis B virs (HBV) infection and liver function (HBV DNA load, HBsAg/anti-HBs, HBeAg and anti-HBe levels, and ALT levels) were monitored every three months before and during treatment; the efficacy of ETV was assessed by changes in the level of HBV DNA. Peripheral venous blood was collected before treatment, at 12 weeks and 24 weeks, respectively. Flow cytometry was used to detect the frequency of peripheral blood pDC and the surface co-stimulatory molecule CD86. The baseline and early treatment (12 weeks and 24 weeks) pDC frequency and functional changes were analyzed.@*Results@#Of the 100 patients with chronic hepatitis B, 45 patients received ETV treatment and 48 weeks of follow-up. Within 48 weeks of ETV treatment, HBsAg levels decreased by 0.53±0.78 log IU/mL; HBeAg decreased by 816.61S/CO, and HBeAg seroconversion occurred in 4 cases; HBV DNA content decreased by 6.04±1.12 log IU/mL, in 33 cases (73%) the HBV DNA became undetectable, in 43 cases ALT kept normal continuously for more than 3 months. In the early stage of ETV treatment, pDC% increased significantly, CD86+ pDC%, CD86MFI and CD86ABC showed no significant changes. In ETV-treated HBV DNA responders, pDC% increased significantly, CD86+ pDC%, CD86MFI and CD86ABC showed no significant changes; HBV DNA non-responders had a significant increase in pDC%, but CD86+ pDC% decreased significantly, and CD86MFI and CD86ABC showed no significant changes. The decrease in HBsAg and HBeAg levels in ETV treated patients was not significantly associated with early pDC%, CD86+ pDC%, CD86MFI and CD86ABC changes.@*Conclusions@#ETV treatment can directly inhibit the replication of HBV DNA, but does not enhance the function of immune cells.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805155

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the factors associated with efficacy of nucleos(t)ide analogues with sequential interferon in HBeAg positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients.@*Method@#HBeAg positive CHB patients treated with nucleoside analogue (NA) treatment received PEG-IFN α-2a 180 μg subcutaneously once weekly.NA was continually used with PEG-IFNα-2a during the first 12 weeks. HBsAg/HBeAg level and HBV DNA load were observed in the sequential pre-treatment (baseline) period, 12 th, 24 th, 36 th, 48 th and 72 nd weeks of sequential therapy in all patients.@*Result@#Of the 56 HBeAg-positive CHB patients, 5 (23.1%) achieved HBsAg loss/seroconversion, the baseline HBsAg level in HBsAg loss/seroconversion group was lower than that of the patients in the group that did not achieve HBsAg loss/seroconversion (2.750 lg IU/ml vs. 3.699 lg IU/ml, t=0.955, P=0.000); the difference was statistically significant in HBsAg decreased at the 12 th, 24 th, 36 th, 48 th week in the course of sequential therapy (0.913 vs 0.149, 2.847 vs 0.189, 4.378 vs 0.248, 4.587 vs 0.274 lg IU/ml) (t=-2.950, P=0.040; t=-8.732, P=0.009; t=-8.483, P=0.001; t=-8.214, P=0.003); 11(19.6%) achieved HBeAg loss/ seroconversion, the HBeAg baseline level in HBeAg loss/seroconversion group was lower than the patients in the group that not achieved HBeAg loss/seroconversion (1.217 lgS/CO vs 1.884 lgS/CO, t=2.061, P=0.044); the difference was statistically significant in HBsAg, HBeAg decreased at 24 th, 36 th, 48 th week in the course of sequential therapy between the two groups (1.330 vs 0.205, 2.084 vs 0.258, 1.972 vs 0.284, lg IU/ml; 1.168 vs 0.455, 1.363 vs 0.461, 1.177 vs 0.447, lg S/CO) (t=2.238, P=0.049; t=2.619, P=0.025; t=2.278, P=0.048); (t=2.273, P=0.043; t=3.415, P=0.001; t=2.271, P=0.049).@*Conclusions@#To HBeAg-positive CHB, lower baseline HBsAg, HBeAg level and HBsAg, HBeAg decreased earlier were could predict easier achievement of HBs(e)Ag loss/seroconversion.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804968

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of HBsAg status and content in neonatal venous blood to predict HBV mother-to-children transmission.@*Methods@#The study candidates from a prospective study about HBV mother-to-children transmission blocking who were hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity, hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) positivity, and HBV DNA levels >105 IU/ml.All of their infants were enrolled.200 IU of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG)was injected within 6 hours after birth, and 200 IU HBIG was voluntarily selected 1 month after birth.All infants according to 0-1-6 month standard procedure were given 10 or 20 μg of hepatitis B vaccine. Pregnancy women before birth, and infants at the time of birth, 1-month and 7-month after birth, venous blood was tested for HBV virus and serological markers to assess the association with success of mother-to-children transmission blocking.@*Results@#530 pregnant women and 530 neonates were enrolled. 60.75% at birth and 86.02% at birth for one month children were HBsAg-negative. The successful transmission in HBsAg-negative neonates was 100.00%. According to the receiver operating characteristic curve, the AUC of HBsAg content≥0.35 IU/ml at birth predicted to block failure was 0.979. The sensitivity was 85.60%, and the specificity was 100.00%. The AUC of HBsAg content≥0.18 IU/ ml at one month after birth predicted to block failure was 0.988, the sensitivity was 89.40%, and the specificity was 100.00%.@*Conclusions@#The HBsAg level in venous blood at birth and 1 month after birth can predict the failure of HBV mother-to-children transmission, and the neonates with HBsAg positivity in venous blood are a high-risk group that may block failure.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804967

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the baseline characteristics of HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients with poor response to entecavir (ETV).@*Methods@#A retrospective study of 70 patients who were partial virologic responders to ETV in Beijing Ditan Hospital from January 2016 to January 2019 was conducted. Data of HBeAg quantification, HBV DNA quantification, value of alanine amimnotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin (TBIL), albumin (ALB), and creatinine (Cre) levels at baseline and follow-up point were collected. According to HBV DNA level after 48 weeks, patients were divided into high response group (2 log10 IU/ml≤HBV DNA≤3 log10 IU/ml) and low response group (HBV DNA>3 log10 IU/m). The independent sample t test was used to compare the measurement data between the two groups; the χ2 test was used to compare the categorical data between the two groups.@*Results@#There were significant differences in the level of TBIL between the two groups before initiating the antiviral treatment (P<0.05). The difference of HBV DNA quantification and TBIL decline degree at 12 weeks were statistically significant (P<0.05). Comparison of HBV DNA quantification, ALT level, ALT decline degree and TBIL decline degree at 24 weeks were also statistically significant (P< 0.05).@*Conclusions@#Baseline TBIL levels, HBV DNA levels and ALT decline degree after 24 weeks are influencing factors that affect the efficiency of antiviral response.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804833

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We aimed to evaluate changes towards liver fibrosis during entecavir(ETV)treatment by non-invasive fibrosis markers in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who need antiviral therapy.@*Methods@#Totally 303 HBeAg negative treatment-naive CHB patients were enrolled and liver biopsy was performed before starting antiviral therapy in this study. Totally 196 patients who need antiviral therapy were treated with ETV for at least 3 years. A clinical and virological evaluation was performed at baseline and again after 1, 2 and 3 years during ETV treatment. AST-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) was used to assess dynamic changes of liver fibrosis in HBeAg negative CHB patients after 1, 2, 3 years of ETV treatment.@*Results@#All enrolled patients experienced liver biopsy at baseline. According to Metavir fibrosis stages, F1, F2, F3 and F4 patients were 107, 125, 54 and 17, respectively. The APRI score enabled the correct identification of patients with severe fibrosis (METAVIR F3-F4). The APRI values significantly decreased in F2 and F3 patients after 1 year ETV therapy (P<0.01). But for F4 patients, APRI values decreased significantly at year 3 (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#APRI values decreased significantly during ETV treatment in HBeAg-negative CHB patients indicating that these noninvasive fibrosis tests might be useful for monitoring improvement of liver fibrosis and assessing treatment efficacy during long-term ETV treatment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804720

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of hepatoprotective drugs on the performance of APRI for diagnosing liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB).@*Methods@#Patients with CHB who underwent a percutaneous liver biopsy were recruited and divided into hepatoprotective drugs using group and hepatoprotective drugs free group. Grouping was carried out according to the types of commonly used hepatoprotective drugs, and controls were matched for each groups by stage of liver fibrosis and age from hepatoprotective drugs free group. The performance of APRI for diagnosing significant fibrosis and cirrhosis was evaluated and compared between each experimental groups and control groups using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.@*Results@#A total of 1447 patients were enrolled, including 60 using glycyrrhizin, 54 using silymarin, 63 using traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) containing schisandra, and 113 using more than one hepatoprotective drug. In patients using glycyrrhizin, the sensitivity of APRI to predict significant fibrosis was higher than its control group. In patients using more than one hepatoprotective drug, the sensitivity of APRI to exclude significant fibrosis was higher than its control group; the area under ROC curve of APRI to diagnose significant fibrosis, the specificity of APRI to exclude and predict significant fibrosis were all lower than its control group. In patients using glycyrrhizin and patients using more than one hepatoprotective drug, the specificity of APRI to exclude cirrhosis were both lower than their control groups. In patients using silymarin and patients using TCM, the performance of APRI to diagnose significant fibrosis and cirrhosis was comparable with their control groups.@*Conclusions@#Glycyrrhizin and combination of hepatoprotective drugs would have significant impact on the performance of APRI for diagnosing liver fibrosis in CHB, silymarin and TCM containing schisandra would have less impact.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804620

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between the efficacy of peg-IFN and the complexity of TP and RT regions of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in chronic hepatitis B.@*Methods@#Patients with HBeAg positive, HBV DNA positive chronic hepatitis B were given peg-interferon 180 μg once a week for subcutaneous injection, and baseline information was collected from baseline and after 12 weeks’ treatment. The baseline HBV DNA TP and RT fragments were amplified, database, high-throughput sequencing, and the average genetic distance calculation.@*Results@#Data of 108 patients were analyzed by logistic regression. RT area fragment Markov distance and TP area fragment Shannon quotient for HBV DNA response were calculated. ALT level is good for HBeAg response. HBsAg level is bad for HBsAg response.@*Conclusions@#The complexity of the baseline TP and RT regions may be associated with the efficacy of peg-interferon therapy for CHB.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753464

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the current situation of the career plateau among anesthesiologists and analyze the impact of occupational stressors on it. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted on the anesthesiologists. A total of 300 questionnaires were distributed and 278 questionnaires were effectively collected. Statistical analysis using SPSS 19.0 was performed to assess the status quo of career plateau among anesthesiologists. Pearson correlation analysis and stepwise regression analysis were used to analyze the influence of occupational stressors on career plateau . Results The average value of occupational stressors among anesthesiologists was (3.22±0.55), and the average value of career plateau was (3.90±0.70). Occupational interest in the occupational stressors of anesthesiologists is negatively correlated with the occupational plateau (r=-0.552, P<0.01), and career development is negatively correlated with occupational plateau (r=-0.541, P<0.01) as well. Both occupational interest and career development show a negative predictive effect on the career plateau (β=-0.359, P<0.01 andβ=-0.334, P<0.01, respectively). Conclusion Career plateau among anesthesiologists is at a medium-to-high level. Occupational interest and occupational development in occupational stressors have a negative predictive effect on occupational plateaus, so hospital managers should pay attention to them.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 756-764, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810222

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss is seldom achieved with nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients but may be enhanced by switching to finite pegylated-interferon (Peg-IFN) alfa-2a. We assessed HBsAg loss with 48- and 96-week Peg-IFN alfa-2a in chronic hepatitis B patients with partial response to a previous NA.@*Methods@#Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients who achieved HBeAg loss and hepatitis B virus DNA < 200 IU/mL with previous adefovir, lamivudine or entecavir treatment were randomized 1:1 to receive Peg-IFN alfa-2a for 48 (n = 153) or 96 weeks (n = 150). The primary endpoint of this study was HBsAg loss at end of treatment. The ClinicalTrials.gov identifier is NCT01464281.@*Results@#At the end of 48 and 96 weeks' treatment, 14.4% (22/153) and 20.7% (31/150) of patients, respectively, who switched from NA to Peg-IFN alfa-2a cleared HBsAg. Rates were similar irrespective of prior NA or baseline HBeAg seroconversion. Among those who cleared HBsAg by the end of 48 and 96 weeks' treatment, 77.8% (14/18) and 71.4% (20/28), respectively, sustained HBsAg loss for a further 48 weeks. Baseline HBsAg < 1 500 IU/mL and week 24 HBsAg < 200 IU/mL were associated with the highest rates of HBsAg loss at the end of both 48- and 96-week treatment (51.4% and 58.7%, respectively). Importantly, extending treatment from 48 to 96 weeks enabled 48.3% (14/29) more patients to achieve HBsAg loss.@*Conclusion@#Patients on long-term NA who are unlikely to meet therapeutic goals can achieve high rates of HBsAg loss by switching to Peg-IFN alfa-2a. HBsAg loss rates may be improved for some patients by extending treatment from 48 to 96 weeks, although the differences in our study cohort were not statistically significant. Baseline and on-treatment HBsAg may predict HBsAg loss with Peg-IFN alfa-2a.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806519

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the factors associated with efficacy of nucleos(t)ide analogues with sequential interferon in HBeAg negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients.@*Methods@#HBeAg negative CHB patients with NA treatment received PEG-IFNα 2a 180 μg subcutaneously once weekly. NA was continually used with PEG-IFN 2a during the first 12 weeks. HBsAg level and HBV DNA load were observed in the sequential pre-treatment (baseline), 12th, 24th, 36th, 48th, 72nd and 96th weeks of sequential therapy in all patients.@*Results@#Of the 26 HBeAg negative CHB patients, 6 (23.1%) achieved HBsAg loss/seroconversion. The comparison between HBsAg loss/ seroconversion group and the group not achieved HBsAg loss/ seroconversion showed that the baseline HBsAg level in HBsAg loss/seroconversion group was 2.210 log10IU/ml, was lower than (t=-4.252, P=0.000) HBsAg-positive patients (3.385 log10IU/ml) in the groupp that not achieved HBsAg loss/seroconversion, the difference was statistically significant in HBsAg decreased at 72nd, 96th week in the course of sequential therapy (3.511 vs. 0.723log10IU/ml, 4.291 vs. 0.737 log10IU/ml) (t=6.712, P=0.000, t=13.319; P=0.000, 0.00); the difference was not statistically significant in age, gender and NA therapy time between the two groups; 12 (46.2%) of patients achieved sustained virologic response (SVR), the baseline of HBsAg level was 2.575 log10IU/ml, was less than (t=-4.319, P=0.000) the patients who did not achieve SVR (3.576 log10IU/ml), the difference was statistically significant in HBsAg decrease of each time in the course of sequential therapy between the two groups (0.612 vs. 0.088, 1.192 vs. 0.107, 1.566 vs. 0.167, 1.817 vs. 0.176, 2.424 vs. 0.193, 2.188 vs. 0.014, log10IU/ml) (t=3.109, 4.717, 4.500, 4.544, 5.560, 4.265, P=0.008, 0.010, 0.001, 0.001, 0.000, 0.003), the difference was not statistically significant in gender and NA therapy time, the difference was statistically significant in age (30.8 vs. 39.9 years) ( t=-2.219, P=0.038). Of 9 CHB patients whose baseline HBV DNA were positive, 5 patients (55.6%) had HBV DNA loss after sequential treatment, the patients whose HBV DNA loss with HBsAg decreased at 12th week in the course of sequential therapy, but there was no influence in the HBsAg decrease/loss after 12th week, the difference was not statistically significant in age, gender, NA therapy time, HBsAg and HBsAg decrease in the course of sequential therapy between HBV DNA-negative and HBV DNA-positive groups.@*Conclusions@#To HBeAg-negative CHB, patients with low baseline HBsAg (2 log10 IU/ml level) and significantly lower HBsAg decrease early were more likely to receive SVR. Among them, prolonged interferon therapy is easier to achieve HBsAg loss/seroconversion.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806333

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of network communication, the traditional teaching mode of infectious diseases can not meet the needs of new age. Network teaching has been paid more and more attention, showing the incomparable advantages of traditional teaching.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805912

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the persistent viral response rate (SVR) in patients with refractory chronic hepatitis C after interferon (IFN) (peginterferon 360 μg qw) and ribavirin (PR) therapy failure. The SVR of patients with refractory chronic hepatitis C was improved by PR combined with direct antiviral agents (DAA) and proper extension of the course of therapy was applied.@*Methods@#Seventeen cases of refractory chronic hepatitis C after IFN(peginterferon 360 μg qw) and ribavirin therapy failure were given PR combined with DAA treatment. The side effects were observed and corresponding adjustments were made on drug dosage, and SVR was recorded.@*Results@#The 17 cases completed the whole course of treatment with PR combined with DAA for 24 weeks. All the 17 patients obtained rapid viralogical response (RVR) and SVR. After treatment, the SVR rate was 100% in patients including those with virologic relapse, retreated or previously non-responsive patients with refractory chronic hepatitis C. The adverse reaction of PR combined with DAA 24 weeks was generally mild.@*Conclusions@#The use of PR combined with DAA re-treatment in patients with refractory chronic hepatitis C can achieve SVR and shorten the treatment time. PR combined with DAA re-therapy is one of effective treatments to improve the rate of sustained viral response in patients with refractory chronic hepatitis C.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805903

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the differences in frequency and function of natural killer cells (NK) between chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and acute hepatitis B (AHB).@*Methods@#Patients with AHB and those with CHB in immune active (IA) phase were enrolled. The frequencies of NK, CD56dimNK, CD56brightNK and the expression of functional molecules IFNAR2 and NKp46 on the surface of NK cells were detected respectively among patients with CHB in IA phase, patients with AHB, and those recovered from AHB. At the same time, their correlations with ALT, HBV DNA and HBV markers were analyzed.@*Results@#Between IA and AHB, the frequencies of NK cells and NKp46dim NK cells in AHB cases were significantly lower than those in IA cases, but the frequency of NKp46high NK cells in AHB was higher than that in IA. For patients who recovered from AHB, the frequency of NK cells and NKp46dim NK cells increased; the varied ranges of frequencies of CD56dimNK, IFNAR2+ NK and NKp46+ NK cells were on the rise, while the frequency of NKp46high NK cells decreased after the recovery from AHB, and the varied ranges of CD56brightNK and IFNAR2MFI, NKp46MFI decreased. In AHB, HBVDNA loads were positively correlated with ALT levels. Before and after the recovery of AHB: ΔHBV DNA and ΔALT, Δ NK/LY (%) were positively correlated; ΔALT and ΔNKp46highNK/NK(%), ΔNKp46MFI, ΔIFNAR2MFI were positively correlated.@*Conclusions@#In CHB immune active phase, the activity of peripheral blood NK cells was too weak to remove the virus, but NK cells play an important role in eliminating the viruses and mediating liver tissue inflammation in AHB.

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