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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e380223, 2023. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439114

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To explore the role and mechanism of curcumin (Cur) in reducing oxidative stress damage in rats with nephrolithiasis induced by ethylene glycol (EG). Methods: Thirty male rats were divided into normal control, model, positive (10% potassium citrate), Cur-10 (10 mg/kg curcumin) and Cur-20 (20 mg/kg curcumin) groups. Results: The results of kidney tissue section stained by hematoxylin-eosin and von Kossa showed that curcumin treatment can inhibit the formation of kidney stones. The biochemical test results showed that the urea (Ur), creatinine (Cr), uric acid (UA), inorganic phosphorus and Ca2+ concentrations in urine decreased after being treated with curcumin. There were significant differences between different doses of curcumin (P < 0.05). Compared with the Cur-10 group, Cur-20 had a more significant inhibitory effect on malondialdehyde (MDA) (P < 0.05). In addition, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection and immunohistochemical results indicated that the osteopontin (OPN) in the kidney was significantly reduced after curcumin treatment. Conclusion: Curcumin could reduce the oxidative stress damage caused by EG-induced kidney stones.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Ethylene Glycol/analysis , Curcumin/administration & dosage , Osteopontin/analysis , Nephrolithiasis/veterinary
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2677-2684, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999006

ABSTRACT

Chikusetsusaponin IVa (CsIVa) is a natural active monomer of triterpene saponins in the Chinese herbal medicine of Panax japonicus, which has anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and other effects. However, its function and mechanism in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) remain unclear. This study investigated the inhibitory effect and mechanisms of CsIVa on the proliferation of triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. In this study, we found that CsIVa could significantly inhibit the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells and eliminate its potential toxic effect on normal breast cells (MCF-10A). The transcriptome sequencing results showed that the inhibition of proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells by CsIVa was closely related to cell cycle and the pathway regulating cell cycle. Further studies confirmed that CsIVa blocked the cell cycle in G2/M phase by down-regulating the expression of cyclin dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), cyclin B1 and up-regulating the expression of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (p21). Moreover, CsIVa can block cell cycle through inhibiting PI3K/AKT signal pathway. In conclusion, CsIVa regulates the expression of cell cycle related proteins (p21, CDK1, cyclin B1) via inhibiting the activity of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, blocks TNBC cell cycle, and thus exerts its anti-tumor activity.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 576-586, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995020

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of disease burden and risk factors of chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus in China from 1990 to 2019, and to provide reference data for the prevention and control of diabetic kidney disease (DKD).Methods:The Chinese DKD data were obtained from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) database. The morbidity, prevalence, mortality, years lived with disability (YLD), years of life lost (YLL), and disability-adjusted life year (DALY) were used to compare the disease burden of CKD due to type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus from 1990 to 2019. In addition, the risk factors of DKD were analyzed.Results:The numbers of CKD patients due to type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus in China were 574 (95% UI 495-665) and 31 076 (95% UI 28 152-33 909) thousand, and the numbers of new cases were 9 (95% UI 8-11) and 434 (95% UI 390-481) thousand in 2019, respectively. The numbers of death were 13 (95% UI 8-18) and 63 (95% UI 50-77) thousand, respectively. The age groups with the largest number of patients and new cases of CKD due to type 1 diabetes mellitus were 30-34 years old and <5 years old, respectively. The age group with the largest number of patients and new cases of CKD due to type 2 diabetes mellitus were 50-54 years old and 70-74 years old, respectively. From 1990 to 2019, the age-standardized prevalence rate of DKD patients in China was relatively stable, but the age-standardized incidence rate and YLD rate showed an upward trend, while the age-standardized mortality rate, YLL rate, and DALY rate showed a downward trend. The main risk factors associated with DKD death were high fasting plasma glucose, kidney dysfunction, high systolic blood pressure, high body mass index, high sodium diet, and lead exposure. The proportions of DKD death caused by high systolic blood pressure and high body mass index in the Chinese population were still increasing. Conclusions:From 1990 to 2019, the age-standardized incidence and YLD rate of DKD in China shows an upward trend, while the age-standardized prevalence rate is relatively stable, and the age-standardized mortality rate, YLL rate, and DALY rate show a decreasing trend. High fasting glucose, renal failure, high systolic blood pressure, high body mass index, high sodium diet, and lead exposure are risk factors associated with death in DKD patients. With the progress of aging, the disease burden of DKD in China will continuously increase. Future work should be focused on population-specific interventions, taking into consideration the risk factors identified within the study.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 17-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of total laparoscopic surgery vs. open surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods:The clinical data of 45 patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma and 42 patients by open surgery from Mar 2017 to Mar 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:There was no significant difference in demographics, Bismuth classification and excision extension between the two groups (all P>0.05). The laparoscopic surgery used longer time ( t=-1.366, P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss, number of lymph node dissection and postoperative hospital stay favored laparoscopic method( t=0.043, t=0.026, t=-1.852, P<0.05). R 0 radical resection rate,postoperative complications were also in favor of laparoscopic surgery ( χ2=3.216, χ2=2.566, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in postoperative pathology and in hospital expenses (all P>0.05). The 1- and 3-year survival rate of the laparoscopic group was superior (all P<0.05). Conclusions:In spite of longer operational time,patients in laparoscopic hilar cholangiocarcinoma radical resection group have shorter postoperative in hospital stay and longer postoperative survival time.

5.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 208-217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973006

ABSTRACT

@#To investigate the influential mechanism of total flavonoids from Abelmoschus Manihot (HKZ) on cytochrome P450 (CYP450) isoforms in human liver microsomes and to verify its effect on the most significantly inhibited subtype CYP2C9 in rats.The inhibitory effects of HKZ on human CYP3A4, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2E1, CYP1A2 and CYP2D6 were evaluated through the cocktail method using ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, then its inhibitory mechanism was investigated and kinetic parameters of enzyme inhibition were calculated By comparing the pharmacokinetic behaviors of tolbutamide after single or multiple administration of 200 mg/kg HKZ and equal dose of CMC-Na in rats, the effects of HKZ on CYP2C11 enzyme (CYP2C9 isoenzyme) was estimated.The results indicated the significant inhibitory effect of HKZ on CYP2C9 and CYP2E1 with IC50 of 3.22 and 8.64 μg/mL, respectively. Also, it showed certain inhibitory ability on other isoforms with IC50 of 20-30 μg/mL.As demonstrated, HKZ may not be a time-dependent inhibitor which competitively inhibited CYP2E1 and CYP2C9 with Ki of 3.84 and 6.33 μg/mL.In contrast, it showed noncompetitive inhibition on CYP3A4 mediated testosterone-6β-hydroxylation and midazolam-4-hydroxylation reaction with Ki of 7.37 and 3.32 μg/mL.It was also a noncompetitive inhibitor of CYP1A2, CYP2D6 and CYPC219 with Ki values of 8.66, 11.49 and 21.94 μg/mL. HKZ did not change the pharmacokinetic parameters of CYP2C11 probe substrate tolbutamide in rat, but it affected the AUC0-t, cmax of 4-hydroxytolubutamide (P < 0.05). Therefore, drug-drug interaction mediated by CYP450 should be considered in clinical study.

6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 16-21, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970440

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of circ_0092315 in the proliferation and invasion of papillary thyroid carcinoma cells. Methods The expression of circ_0092315 in papillary thyroid carcinoma cells was examined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR.The proliferation and invasion of TPC-1 cells was assessed by CCK-8 and Transwell assays.The protein level of high mobility group A2 (HMGA2) was determined by Western blotting.The regulatory relationship of circ_0092315,microRNA-1256 (miR-1256),and HMGA2 was explored by bioinformatics tools,dual-luciferase reporter assay,real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR,and Western blotting. ++++Results circ_0092315 was overexpressed in papillary thyroid carcinoma cells (all P<0.001).circ_0092315 promoted the proliferation and invasion of TPC-1 cells (all P<0.001).The transfection of si-circ_0092315 up-regulated the expression of miR-1256 (P<0.001),and miR-1256 inhibitor up-regulated the protein level of HMGA2 (P<0.001). ++++Conclusion circ_0092315 is overexpressed in TPC-1 cells and it promotes the proliferation and invasion of TPC-1 cells by regulating the miR-1256/HMGA2 axis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Computational Biology , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation , MicroRNAs/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 431-436, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970224

ABSTRACT

In recent years, laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery have been widely used, and various intraoperative image navigation systems have also developed rapidly. However, the liver itself has a complex vessel and duct system, which increase the difficulty of liver surgery. The augmented reality image navigation system combines the three-dimensional reconstructed image of the liver with the real liver anatomy, which presents the specific relationship between the tumor location and the surrounding vessels for the surgeon. Compared with other intraoperative image navigation methods, augmented reality has its unique advantages. This paper provides an overview of current advances in registration technology in augmented reality image navigation system, and focuses on its applications in liver surgery, including laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery. Finally, the technological problems and difficulties still faced at present are summarized, and future directions worth studying in this field are proposed.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 714-721, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expressions of Notch1 and Hes1 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and their correlations with clinical features.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed on DLBCL samples (54 cases) and lymphadenitis tissues (20 cases) to evaluate the expressions of Notch1 and Hes1, and analyze their correlations with clinical characteristics of patients. Based on Oncomine database, the expressions of Notch1 and Hes1 mRNA and DNA were also explored.@*RESULTS@#IHC result showed that the positive expression rates of Notch1 and Hes1 in DLBCL patients were significantly higher than those in the control group (P <0.05). In DLBCL patients, the expression of Notch1 was closely associated with B symptoms, Ann Arbor stage, lymphocyte count and the level of lactate dehydrogenase (P <0.05), while the expression level of Hes1 was significantly higher in patients with B symptoms (P <0.05). Notch+/Hes1+ expression was found in 21 DLBCL tissues (38.9%), and there was a correlation between Notch1 and Hes1 expression (r =0.296, P <0.05). Bioinformatics analysis (Oncomine database) showed that the mRNA expressions of Notch1 and Hes1 in the Brune dataset were significantly higher than those in the control tissues (P <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expressions of Notch1 and Hes1 in DLBCL are significantly higher than those in lymphadenitis, and correlated with B symptoms and Ann Arbor stage, suggesting that Notch1 and Hes1 play important roles in the occurrence and development of DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line , Clinical Relevance , Lymphadenitis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger
9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2203-2208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954994

ABSTRACT

Objective:Analysis of influencing factors of enteral nutrition interruption in critically ill patients in general surgery department and its impact on prognosis.Methods:A total of 91 cases of critically ill patients in general surgery department were selected who were admitted to the general surgery of General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command of the Chinese People′s Liberation Army in Nanjing from June 2021 to March 2022 by convenient sampling method, demographic and enteral nutrition interruption data were collected,and patients were divided into enteral nutrition interruption group and enteral nutrition uninterrupted group to investigate the analysis of the factors of affecting enteral nutrition interruption and its impact on prognosis by Logistic regression analysis.Results:There were 59 cases in the enteral nutrition interruption group and 32 cases in the enteral nutrition uninterrupted group. There were statistically significant differences in gender, analgesic and sedatives, Gastro-kinetic agent and feeding intolerance between both groups ( χ2 values were 4.51-9.97, all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis results showed that gender ( OR=4.566, 95%CI 1.332-15.657, P<0.05), analgesic and sedatives ( OR=3.437, 95%CI 1.112-10.621, P<0.05), and feeding intolerance ( OR=4.116, 95%CI 1.257-13.479, P<0.05) were the factors of enteral nutrition interruption. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in the number of days of enteral nutrition up to goal in 3 days, 3-7 days and 7 days, albumin,length of stay in intensive care unit, total length of stay and hospitalization expenses between both groups ( Z values were -2.80 - -0.73, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Female, analgesic and sedatives and feeding intolerance are the risk factors of enteral nutrition interruption in critically ill patients in general surgery department, and enteral nutrition interruption has an adverse impact on the prognosis.Medical staff should avoid excessive use of analgesic and sedatives, and do well in feeding tolerance management to reduce the occurrence of enteral nutrition interruption.

10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 172-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935123

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the trend of disease burden of degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) in the Chinese population from 1990 to 2019. Methods: Based on the 2019 Global Burden of Disease database (GBD 2019), the number of patients, the number of new cases, the number of deaths, the disability-adjusted life years (DALY) as well as the prevalence, incidence and death rate, DALY rate and their age-standardized rates were used to analyze the trend of the burden of DMVD in the Chinese population from 1990 to 2019. Results: In 2019, the number of patients, the number of new cases, and the number of deaths with DMVD in China were 461.2, 27.0 and 0.129 ten thousand, respectively, which increased by 209.0%, 199.1% and 13.2% when compared with 1990. In 2019, the age-standardized prevalence, incidence and death rate were 228.1/100 000, 12.7/100 000 and 0.075/100 000, respectively. Compared with 1990, the change of the age-standardized prevalence, incidence and death rate were 32.6%, 42.8% and -54.1%, respectively. In addition, the 2019 data also showed that the age-standardized prevalence and incidence were higher in females than in males (the age-standardized prevalence was 190.1 (181.5-198.9)/100 000 for males and 262.0 (250.3-273.9)/100 000 for females); the age-standardized incidence was 10.5 (10.0-11.0)/100 000 for males and 14.9 (14.3-15.6)/100 000 for females. The age group with the largest number of DMVD patients was 65 to 69 years old, and the highest incidence was 60 to 64 years old. From 1990 to 2019, DALY caused by DMVD showed an upward trend in China, from 46 439 person-years in 1990 to 69 402 person-years in 2019, with an increase of 49.4%. While the age-standardized DALY rate continued to decline, from 5.5/100 000 in 1990 to 3.8/100 000 in 2019, with a drop of 30.8%. The DALY and the age-standardized DALY rate of females were always higher than that of males in different years. Conclusion: From 1990 to 2019, DALY and the age-standardized prevalence and incidence of DMVD in China shows an increasing trend, and the disease burden caused by DMVD is severe in China.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Cost of Illness , Disabled Persons , Incidence , Mitral Valve , Quality-Adjusted Life Years
11.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1247-1252, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate Chinese myocarditis burden and trends in 1990 and 2019.Methods:Based on the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2019 data, the number of patients, the number of new cases, the number of deaths, the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), as well as the morbidity, mortality, DALYs rate and their age-standardized rates were used to analyze the trend and the burden of myocarditis in the Chinese population in 1990 and 2019.Results:In 2019, the number of patients, the number of new cases and the number of deaths with myocarditis in China were 234 900, 275 100 and 13 100 respectively, increasing by 85.62%, 47.51% and 50.22% compared with 1990. The age-standardized incidence and mortality were 16.94/100 000 and 0.92/100 000, respectively. Compared with 1990, the age-standardized incidence in 2019 decreased by 6.06%, and the mortality decreased by 16.04% respectively. The age-standardized incidence and mortality of Chinese male patients with myocarditis were higher than that of female. Compared with 1990, the age group with the largest incidence and mortality of myocarditis in China in 2019 all shifted to the elder group. And, DALYs and age-normalized DALYs due to myocarditis in China showed a decreasing trend in 2019, from 458 600 and 42.51/100 000 in 1990 to 341 300 and 25.39/100 000 in 2019, respectively. The rate of DALYs and age-standardized DALYs in male patients was always higher than female.Conclusions:Compared with 1990, the overall burden of myocarditis in China showed a downward trend in 2019, and the burden of myocarditis in male patients was higher than female. More attention should be paid to the burden of myocarditis in Chinese elderly population.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 98-103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the prognostic value of GELTAMO-IPI for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 238 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients treated in Shanxi Cancer Hospital from September 2011 to March 2016 were collected retrospectively, the risk stratification and prognostic evaluation of the patients were analyzed according to GELTAMO-IPI. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of the patients were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method, COX regression analysis was used to compare the risk of death and progress in each risk group. Harrell's C statistics was used to compare the prognostic stratification ability of each model.@*RESULTS@#The 3-year OS rate statistics showed that both IPI and GELTAMO-IPI could distinguish low risk group and Low-intermediate risk group, but the prognosis stratification ability of IPI was better (IPI: HR=5.085, P0.05). GELTAMO-IPI could distinguish High-intermediate risk group from high risk group (GELTAMO-IPI: HR=2.966, P50%). The results of Harrell's C statistics showed the C-index of IPI and GELTAMO-IPI was 0.687 and 0.721 (P<0.001); the C-index of the predicted PFS was 0.672 and 0.700 (P<0.001). It was suggested that the prognostic stratification ability of GELTAM0-IPI be superior to that of IPI, R-IPI, NCCN-IPI.@*CONCLUSION@#GELTAMO-IPI can make a clear distinction between DLBCL patients with different prognosis, especially for high-risk patients, and the prognostic stratification ability of GELTAMO-IPI is significantly better than that of IPI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 395-403, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878570

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. At present, the in vivo model and traditional cell culture are mainly used in breast cancer researches. However, as high as 90% clinical trials are failed for drugs explored by the above two methods, due to the inherent species differences between humans and animals, as well as the differences in the tissue structure between organs and cells. Therefore, organoid three-dimensional culture is emerging. As a new tumor research model, organoid, a three-dimensional cell complex with spatial structure, has broad application prospects, such as precision medicine, organ transplantation, establishment of refractory disease model, gene therapy and drug research and development. Therefore, organoid is considered as one of the ideal carriers for life science research in the future. Breast cancer, a heterogeneous disease with complex phenotypes, has a low survival rate. Breast cancer organoid can reproduce many key features of human breast cancer, thus, the construction of organoid biological library of breast cancer will provide a new platform for studying the occurrence, development, metastasis and drug resistance mechanism of breast cancer. In this review, we systematically introduce the culture conditions of organoids and their application in breast cancer related research, and the application prospect of organoids.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Culture Techniques , Organoids , Precision Medicine , Research
14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 615-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984062

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To construct a cell line that can stably express human phospholamban(PLN) and initially explore its application in the study of myocardial toxicity mechanism.@*METHODS@#FastCloning method was used to insert the open reading frame sequence of target gene PLN into eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA5/FRT/TO(hereinafter referred to as pDFT) to construct the pDFT-PLN-Flag plasmid. The Flp-InTM T-RExTM 293 cells were generated by cotransfection of the constructed plasmid and pOG44 plasmid to express the target gene. Successfully recombined monoclonal cell lines were screened by hygromycin B resistance. Western blot and indirect immunofluorescence (IFA) were used to examine the expression of the target protein in recombinant cells. After the cell line was exposed to aconitine, it was verified by Western blot to detect changes in PLN protein phosphorylation.@*RESULTS@#After PCR amplification of the recombinant plasmid and DNA electrophoresis, the length of the amplified product is the same as the known PLN gene fragment, which is consistent with the open reading frame (ORF) sequence of the human PLN gene after sequencing. IFA and Western blot showed that the constructed proliferation cell line can stably express high levels of human PLN under induction and regulation. Preliminary results showed that the phosphorylation level of Thr17-PLN decreased after two hours of exposure to 1 μmol/L aconitine.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This human cell line can stably express PLN and can be used to study the mechanism of action of aconitine on the cell at molecular level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Cell Line , Myocardium/metabolism , Phosphorylation
15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 610-613, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910604

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the embedding anastomosis with the intermittent eversion anastomosis on the pancreatic fistula rates after laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD).Methods:The clinical data of 116 patients who underwent LPD at the Center Hospital of Xianyang City affiliated to Xi' an Jiaotong University Health Science Center from March 2016 to March 2020 were retrospectively studied. According to the method of pancreaticojejunostomy used, these patients were divided into the following two groups: the embedding anastomosis group ( n=55) and the intermittent eversion anastomosis group ( n=61). The duration of pancreaticojejunostomy, bilioenterostomy and gastrointestinal anastomoses, and the amounts of intraoperative blood loss and postoperative complication rates were compared between the two groups. Results:Of 116 patients in this study, there were 67 males and 49 females, with a median age of 61.5 years. No perioperative death occurred in the 2 groups. The operation time, digestive tract reconstruction time and pancreaticojejunostomy time in the embedded anastomosis group were (260±20), (65±15) and (35±15) min, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the intermittent eversion anastomosis group (305±25), (81±25) and (45±12) min, (all P<0.05). The grade A and B pancreatic fistula rates in the embedded anastomosis group were 27.3%(15/55) and 21.8%(12/55), respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the intermittent eversion anastomosis group [8.2%(5/61) and 6.6%(4/61)], (all P<0.05). The postoperative hospital stay in the intermittent eversion anastomosis group (10.3±1.1) d was significantly lower than that in the embedding anastomosis group [(15.2±3.2) d, P<0.05]. Conclusion:In LPD, when compared with embedded pancreaticojejunostomy, intermittent eversion pancreaticojejunostomy reduced the postoperative pancreatic fistula rate and shortened the postoperative hospital stay.

16.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 750-754, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effects of exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSC)on ischemia-reperfusion injury(IRI)in mice.Methods:A total of 30 C57BL/6 mice were randomly grouped into 6 groups of control, Norm-BMSC-exo, Hypo-BMSC-exo, IRI, Norm-BMSC-exo+ IRI and Hypo-BMSC-exo+ IRI.The model for IRI(25 min)was constructed.The serum levels of creatinine(Cr)and blood urea nitrogen(BUN)and histomorphology were examined at 24 h post-reperfusion.The levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β)monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP-1)and interleukin-10 (IL-10)were measured.The survival rate was observed for 7 days post-IRI.We also detected macrophage polarization glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation(OXPHOS).Results:Compared with IRI group, Norm-BMSC-exo+ IRI group showed low levels of creatinine(Cr)and blood urea nitrogen(BUN)and mild pathological injury.The protective effects were enhanced in Hypo-BMSC-exo+ IRI group.BMSC-exo pretreatment could significantly improve the survival rate of mice post-IRI.Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR)revealed that BMSC-exo significantly lowered the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, MCP-1 and elevated the level of IL-10.BMSC exosomes polarized macrophage toward an M2 phenotype.And Hypo-exo could reprogramme macrophages to undergo a metabolic switch toward OXPHOS and away from glycolysis.Conclusions:Hypo-BMSC-exo could improve kidney injury via inducing M2 polarization in macrophages through promoting OXPHOS and suppressing glycolysis.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6204-6215, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921778

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of rhein(RH) on the apoptosis and autophagy of human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) induced by hydrogen peroxide(H_2O_2) and its underlying mechanism. The oxidative damage model in HUVECs was established and the cells were divided into different treatment groups. Cell survival rate was detected by MTT assay, apoptosis by Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining and Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining, autophagy by Ad-mCherry-GFP-LC3 B adenovirus transfection, and protein expression by Western blot. The results showed that RH could protect cells by increasing the cell survival rate in a dose-dependent manner, decreasing the expression of apoptosis-related proteins(Bax and cleaved caspase-3) and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2, elevating the expression of Bcl-2, up-regulating the expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3)-Ⅱ, and down-regulating the expression of p62. Adenovirus transfection results showed that RH could increase the green and red spots, as well as the yellow spots. However, after the addition of autophagy inhibitor 3-MA, autophagy was reduced and apoptosis was increased. RH could enhance the expression of silent information regulator 2 related enzyme 1(SIRT1). The addition of SIRT1 inhibitor EX-527 reduced the protective effect of RH and cell viability. The addition of 3-MA had no effect on the expression of SIRT1 protein, but the expression of SIRT1 and LC3-Ⅱ proteins decreased and the expression of p62 increased after the addition of EX-527. After RH treatment, the phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase(AMPK) increased, while that of the mechanistic target of rapamycin(mTOR) decreased in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, this effect could be weakened by the AMPK inhibitor compound C. RH may enhance autophagy through SIRT1/AMPK/mTOR pathway to reduce H_2O_2-induced apoptosis of HUVECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anthraquinones , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Hydrogen Peroxide , Signal Transduction
18.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 354-357, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988376

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the methylation status of ZIC1 gene in peripheral blood and lung cancer tissues of NSCLC patients and its prognostic significance. Methods We took the peripheral blood, cancer tissues and adjacent tissues of 95 NSCLC patients. The peripheral blood of 95 healthy people was taken as control group. MSP was used to compare the detection rate of ZIC1 methylation between peripheral blood and cancer tissues. And we analyzed the correlation of ZIC1 methylation in peripheral blood and cancer tissues with the clinicopathological factors of NSCLC patients. Results The methylation detection rates of ZIC1 in peripheral blood and lung cancer tissues in NSCLC patients were significantly higher than those in peripheral blood of healthy people and adjacent tissues of NSCLC patients (P < 0.05), and the sensitivity and specificity of ZIC1 methylation in the diagnosis of tumor tissues were higher. The positive rate of ZIC1 gene methylation in peripheral blood and tumor tissues of NSCLC patients was significantly correlated with tumor diameter, metastasis, stage and pleural effusion (P < 0.05). Conclusion The methylation of ZIC1 gene is related to the occurrence, development, metastasis and stage of NSCLC. It may be used as a diagnostic and prognostic indicator of NSCLC.

19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1198-1205, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941422

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between the levels of serum soluble CD137 (sCD137) and membrane-bound CD137 (mCD137) and the occurrence of ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Consecutive patients with acute STEMI, who underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the Department of Cardiology, Jiangsu University Affiliated Hospital from May 2019 to September 2020, were enrolled. According to the absence or presence of IRI, patients were divided into IRI group and non-IRI group. Clinical data of the two groups were collected and compared. sCD137 level was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Ficoll density gradient centrifugation was used to separate peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and RNA was extracted, mCD137 mRNA expression level was detected by PCR. Serum sCD137 levels and the mCD137 mRNA levels of PBMC before, after PCI and 24 hours after PCI were compared. The correlation between serum sCD137 level, PBMC mCD137 mRNA level and clinical indicators was observed. The univariate and multivariate logistic binary regression analyses were performed to evaluate the related risk factors of IRI. ROC curve was used to analyze the predictive value of defined parameters for IRI. Results: A total of 112 STEMI patients were enrolled. There were 42 cases (of which 33 were males (78.6%), mean age was (58.6±12.7) years) in non-IRI group and 70 cases(of which 56 were males (80.0%), mean age was (64.5±11.6) years) in IRI group. Compared with the non-IRI group, patients in the IRI group had longer hospital stays, older age, lower rates of obesity, lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure at admission, higher proportion of the the right coronary artery as culprit vessel, lower rate of the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin-Ⅱ receptor blocker/angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor, higher levels of urea nitrogen and creatinine, lower glomerular filtration rate, lower triglycerides, higher D-dimer and B-type natriuretic peptidemax, higher proportion of Killip grade Ⅳ and cardiovascular adverse events (all P<0.05). sCD137 levels at the preoperative, postoperative and 24 hours after surgery were significantly higher in the IRI group than in the non-IRI group, while the mRNA levels of CD137 was similar between the two groups. The level of sCD137 in patients after PCI was lower than that before operation, the level of mCD137 mRNA was higher than that before operation (P<0.05). Serum sCD137 levels were positively correlated with hospitalization days, age, B-type natriuretic peptide, creatinine, ischemic time, C Reactive protein (CRP) and CRP/albumin (P<0.05), and negatively correlated with body mass index, glomerular filtration rate and albumin (P<0.05). The mCD137 mRNA expression level of PBMC was positively correlated with hospital stay, age, B-type natriuretic peptide, ischemic time, CRP and CRP/albumin (P<0.05), and negatively correlated with body mass index, glomerular filtration rate, albumin (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher sCD137 (OR=1.038, 95%CI: 1.009-1.069), aspartate aminotransferase, (OR=1.029, 95%CI: 1.009-1.050) and lower albumin (OR=0.829, 95%CI: 0.703-0.829) before surgery were independent risk factors of IRI (P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the area under the curve of sCD137 was 0.672 (95%CI: 0.574-0.770, P=0.002) for the prediction of IRI, the best cut-off value was 28.43×10-3 μg/L with sensitivity of 95.2% and specificity of 48.6%. Conclusion: The significantly increased level of sCD137 in acute STEMI patients is positively correlated with reperfusion injury, which is an independent risk factor of IRI and may be related to the prognosis of patients with IRI.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Reperfusion Injury , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1101-1105, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879362

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effects of inside-out technique and outside-in technique for the treatment of idiopathic frozen shoulder under arthroscopy.@*METHODS@#From April 2015 to July 2019, 65 patients with primary frozen shoulder were divided into observation group and control group according to different treatment methods. In observation group, there were 32 cases, including 14 males and 18 females, aged 48 to 64 (54.82±5.35) years old, 18 cases on the right side and 14 cases on the left side. The course of disease was 4 to 10 (7.76±1.19) months. The patients were treated with outside in technique. In control group, there were 33 cases, 16 males and 17 females, aged 45 to 62 (54.64±4.16) years old, 18 cases on the right side and 15 cases on the left side. The course of disease was 5 to 9 (7.65±1.24) months. The patients were treated with inside out technique. The operation time, hospitalization days and treatment cost were compared between the two groups. Constant-Murley function score before and after the operation andthe shoulder joint range of motion one month after operation were compared to evaluate the clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All 65 patients were followed up for 9 to 17 months with an average follow up time of (11.34±2.24) months. Compared with control group, operation time in observation group was shorter[(55.53± 10.23) min vs (85.58±13.39) min], and functional scores of Constant-Murley after surgery were significantly changed in both groups compared with that before surgery(@*CONCLUSION@#The two arthroscopic release schemes have achieved satisfactory results for thetreatment of primary frozen shoulder, and the shoulder joint function and pain degree have been effectively improved. Compared with the inside-out technique, the outside in release technique is more direct, the operation is simpler and the operation time is shorter. It has certain advantages in releasing operation for primary frozen shoulder.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy , Bursitis/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome
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