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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 731-741, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984711

ABSTRACT

Objective: For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) complicated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), both anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy should be applied, but the use of anticoagulation therapy is still poor in these patients in China. The purpose of this study was to explore the status and adherence of antithrombotic therapy in AF patients with ACS and the impact on 1 year clinical outcomes. Methods: Patients with AF hospitalized for ACS were retrospectively included from 6 tertiary hospitals in China between July 2015 and December 2020. According to the use of anticoagulant drugs at discharge, patients were divided into two groups: anticoagulant treatment group and non-anticoagulant treatment group. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the main factors influencing the use of anticoagulant drugs in patients with atrial fibrillation complicated with ACS. Major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) were defined as all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization, and ischemic stroke and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3 bleeding events were also collected at 1 year after discharge. After propensity score matching, Cox proportional hazards models and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to evaluate the effect of anticoagulant treatment and non-anticoagulant treatment on 1-year prognosis. The patients were divided into different groups according to whether anticoagulation was performed at discharge and follow-up, and the sensitivity of the results was analyzed. Results: A total of 664 patients were enrolled, and 273 (41.1%) were treated with anticoagulant therapy, of whom 84 (30.8%) received triple antithrombotic therapy, 91 (33.3%) received double antithrombotic therapy (single antiplatelet combined with anticoagulant), and 98 (35.9%) received single anticoagulant therapy. Three hundred and ninety-one (58.9%) patients were treated with antiplatelet therapy, including 253 (64.7%) with dual antiplatelet therapy and 138 (35.3%) with single antiplatelet therapy. After 1∶1 propensity score matching between the anticoagulant group and the non-anticoagulant group, a total of 218 pairs were matched. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that history of diabetes, HAS-BLED score≥3, and percutaneous coronary intervention were predictors of the absence of anticoagulant therapy, while history of ischemic stroke and persistent atrial fibrillation were predictors of anticoagulant therapy. At 1-year follow-up, 218 patients (79.9%) in the anticoagulant group continued to receive anticoagulant therapy, and 333 patients (85.2%) in the antiplatelet group continued to receive antiplatelet therapy. At 1-year follow-up, 36 MACEs events (13.2%) occurred in the anticoagulant group, and 81 MACEs events (20.7%) in the non-anticoagulant group. HR values and confidence intervals were calculated by Cox proportional risk model. Patients in the non-anticoagulant group faced a higher risk of MACEs (HR=1.802, 95%CI 1.112-2.921, P=0.017), and the risk of bleeding events was similar between the two group (HR=0.825,95%CI 0.397-1.715, P=0.607). Conclusions: History of diabetes, HAS-BLED score≥3, and percutaneous coronary intervention are independent factors for the absence of anticoagulant therapy in patients with AF complicated with ACS. The incidence of MACEs, death and myocardial infarction is lower in the anticoagulant group, and the incidence of bleeding events is similar between the two groups. The risk of bleeding and ischemia/thrombosis should be dynamically assessed during follow-up and antithrombotic regiments should be adjusted accordingly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/adverse effects , Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Anticoagulants , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Hemorrhage , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Stroke
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 228-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984602

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumors are a major health problem in current society. With the improvement of people's living standards and the changes in diet structure, the development trend of gastrointestinal tumors in China is gradually similar to that in developed countries. The incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC) remain high in China. Although targeted therapy and immunotherapy have greatly improved the prognosis of patients in recent years, chemotherapy is still the main means in clinical practice. However, the adverse reactions of chemotherapy often seriously affect the quality of life of patients, and even lead to treatment interruption, thereby affecting the efficacy. Oral Chinese medicine shows unique advantages in enhancing efficiency and reducing toxicity in CRC patients during chemotherapy, but its poor drug experience not only makes it difficult for patients to take it consistently but also affects the popularization of Chinese medicine at this stage. Medicinal and edible herbs (MEHs) are an important part of Chinese medicine and they are mild, delicious, convenient, affordable, nutritious, and safe. Therefore, they may be more suitable for patients with CRC chemotherapy to adhere to treatment. However, their efficacy is often criticized by clinical practitioners. They are only used in the food and health products industry, and their role as Chinese medicines has not been fully utilized. This paper summarized the common traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes and treatment methods during CRC chemotherapy, sorted out the nature, flavor, meridian tropism, and efficacy of MEHs, and reviewed the modern pharmacological research results of MEHs by the method of literature statistics. This study finds that the nature, flavor, meridian tropism, and efficacy of MEHs are in good agreement with the common TCM syndromes and treatment methods during CRC chemotherapy. Moreover, many MEHs have the effects of resisting CRC and alleviating the adverse reactions of chemotherapy. Furthermore, the effectiveness and superior efficacy of MEHs in CRC chemotherapy are initially demonstrated from the theoretical level, but high-quality clinical evidence is still needed to support it. The present study discussed the efficiency-enhancing and toxicity-reducing effects and application advantages of MEHs in CRC patients during chemotherapy to provide references for the clinical promotion of MEHs.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 84-88, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994155

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of clinical help-seeking of anesthesiologists and analyze the influencing factors of help-seeking behaviors in order to provide a basis for improving the help-seeking ability of anesthesiologists.Methods:The anesthesiologists in 35 public hospitals in Hubei province were investigated using a self-designed questionnaire, and the demographic differences and influencing factors related to help-seeking were analyzed.Results:The score for the help-seeking attitude questionnaire of anesthesiologists was (3.6±0.4). The score for the help-seeking needs sub-questionnaire of anesthesiologists was (2.7±0.6), and the score for the help-seeking behavior sub-questionnaire was (3.0±0.4). The item with the highest score was " special patients or patient emergency needs help", and the item with the lowest score was " self injury potential needs help". There was a statistically significant difference in the scores for the help-seeking needs sub-questionnaire for anesthesiologists of different ages and working years ( P<0.05), and there was no statistically significant difference in the scores for the help-seeking attitude questionnaire and help-seeking behavior sub-questionnaire for anesthesiologists of different genders, ages, professional titles, working years, personnel types, and whether they obtained a doctor′s license ( P>0.05). The percentage of anesthesiologists who believed that " they did not ask for help timely or without asking for help" was 35.4%, and the percentage of anesthesiologists who believed that " colleagues did not ask for help timely or without asking for help" was 50.7%. Among the reasons why the need for help did not translate into help-seeking behavior, the percentage of anesthesiologists who believed that " doctors think they can solve" was the highest (74.0%). Conclusions:Anesthesiologists in public hospitals have a positive attitude towards seeking-help and can better translate the need for help into behaviors. The main reasons for delay in seeking-help or non-seeking-help are inaccurate assessment of their own ability and inability to grasp the opportunity of seeking-help, and targeted training should be carried out to improve the doctors′ help-seeking ability.

4.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 874-880, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989849

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with acute aortic dissection (AAD) through a retrospective and observational study, and to construct an early warning model of AAD that could be used in the emergency room.Methods:The data of 11 583 patients in the Emergency Chest Pain Center from January to December 2019 were retrospectively collected from the Chest Pain Database of Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University. Inclusion criteria: patients with chest pain who attended the Emergency Chest Pain Center between January and December 2019. Exclusion criteria were 1) younger than 18 years, 2) no chest/back pain, 3) patients with incomplete clinical information, and 4) patients with a previous definite diagnosis of aortic dissection who had or had not undergone surgery. The clinical data of 9668 patients with acute chest/back pain were finally collected, excluding 53 patients with previous definite diagnosis of AAD and/or without surgical aortic dissection. A total of 9 615 patients were enrolled as the modeling cohort for early diagnosis of AAD. The patients were divided into the AAD group and non-AAD group according to whether AAD was diagnosed. Risk factors were screened by univariate and multivariate logistic regression, the best fitting model was selected for inclusion in the study, and the early warning model was constructed and visualized based on the nomogram function in R software. The model performance was evaluated by accuracy, specificity, sensitivity, positive likelihood ratio and negative likelihood ratio. The model was validated by a validation cohort of 4808 patients who met the inclusion/exclusion criteria from January 2020 to June 2020 in the Emergency Chest Pain Center of the hospital. The effect of early diagnosis and early warning model was evaluated by calibration curve.Results:After multivariate analysis, the risk factors for AAD were male sex ( OR=0.241, P<0.001), cutting/tear-like pain ( OR=38.309, P<0.001), hypertension ( OR=1.943, P=0.007), high-risk medical history ( OR=12.773, P<0.001), high-risk signs ( OR=7.383, P=0.007), and the first D-dimer value ( OR=1.165, P<0.001), Protective factors include diabetes( OR=0.329, P=0.027) and coronary heart disease ( OR=0.121, P<0.001). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the early diagnosis and warning model constructed by combining the risk factors was 0.939(95 CI:0.909-0.969). Preliminary validation results showed that the AUC of the early diagnosis and warning model was 0.910(95 CI:0.870-0.949). Conclusions:Sex, cutting/tear-like pain, hypertension, high-risk medical history, high-risk signs, and first D-dimer value are independent risk factors for early diagnosis of AAD. The model constructed by these risk factors has a good effect on the early diagnosis and warning of AAD, which is helpful for the early clinical identification of AAD patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 531-539, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989824

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk stratification value of HEART score combined with cardiac troponin (cTn) in emergency patients with chest pain.Methods:A total of 11 583 patients with chest pain who visited the Emergency Department of Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from January to December 2019 were retrospectively collected. Patients who unfinished 0 h high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) or electrocardiogram diagnosed ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or lost to follow-up were excluded, and 7 057 patients were finally included. The final diagnosis of chest pain and the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events within 6 mon (6 m MACEs) were followed up by telephone and medical history. The HEART score of each patient was calculated by two attending physicians, and the patients were divided into the low-risk group (0-3 points), intermediate-risk group (4-6 points) and high-risk group (7-10 points) according to the final score. The risk stratification performance and safety of HEART score were observed and analyzed. A total of 1 884 patients who completed serial hs-cTnT tests were divided into groups according to HEART score (≤3 as low-risk group) and HEART score combined with serial hs-cTnT pathway (HEART score ≤3 and two hs-cTnT measurements <0.03 ng/mL as the low-risk group). The sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of each diagnostic method were calculated to compare the diagnostic performance of the two predictive values.Results:The patients were divided into 3 groups by HEART score : 2 765 (39.2%) patients in the low-risk group, 3 438 (48.7%) in the intermediate-risk group, and 854 (12.1%) in the high-risk group. The incidence of 6 m MACEs in each group was 1.2%, 18% and 55.3%, respectively. When the low-risk threshold was 2, 23.1% of patients entered the low-risk group and the incidence of 6 m MACEs was 0.9%. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive performance of the HEART score for 6 m MACEs, and the final AUC was 0.831 ( P=0.006, 95% CI: 0.819-0.843). Regarding the occurrence of NSTEMI at the time of this visit, 4 (0.8%) patients were misdiagnosed by using the HEART score alone. Combined with serial troponin detection, the diagnostic SE and NPV were both 100%; at the same time, the diagnostic SE and NPV of 6 m MACEs in patients increased from 98.1% (95% CI: 96.9%-99.1%), 97.9% (95% CI: 96.2%-99%) to 99.1% (95% CI: 97.9%-99.7%) and 98.9% (95% CI: 97.4%-99.6%), the diagnosis SE and NPV of 6 m myocardial infarction and cardiac death in patients increased from 98% (95% CI: 96%-99.2%), 98.6% (95% CI: 97%-99.4%) to 99.2% (95% CI: 97.6%-99.8%) and 99.3% (95% CI: 98.1%-99.9%). Conclusions:The HEART score can be used for risk assessment in emergency patients with chest pain, and a threshold of 2 is recommended for the low-risk group. The diagnostic performance of HEART score combined with serial cTn is better than that of HEART score alone.

6.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 863-870, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988512

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To study the buccolingual inclination of posterior premolars and molars and the curve of Wilson in patients with different sagittal skeletal patterns, to explore the compensation mechanism of horizontal inclination of posterior teeth in patients with different sagittal skeletal patterns and to provide a reference for the control of posterior tooth inclination in the treatment of bone malocclusion.@*Methods@#This study was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee, and informed consent was obtained from the patients. Ninety CBCT scans of adults and ninety scans of adolescents before orthodontic treatment were evaluated in this cross-sectional study. There were 30 skeletal Class I, Class Ⅱ, and Class Ⅲ patients in the adult group and adolescent group. The inclination angles of posterior teeth and the curve of Wilson of first and second molars were measured, and data were analyzed between adolescents and adults with different sagittal skeletal patterns.@*Results @#Compared with skeletal Class Ⅰ adult patients, the upper posterior molar inclination of skeletal Class Ⅱ patients was significantly lower, and the lower posterior molar inclination was significantly higher. Compared with skeletal ClassⅠ adult patients, the upper posterior molar inclination of skeletal Class Ⅲ adult patients was higher, and the lower posterior molar inclination was significantly lower. The Wilson curve of the second molar in skeletal Class Ⅱ adult patients was significantly higher than that in the other groups. Compared with skeletal ClassⅠ adolescent patients, skeletal Class Ⅲ adolescent patients had a significantly higher upper posterior molar inclination; however, no difference was found between the inclination of the posterior teeth between skeletal Class Ⅰ, Class Ⅱ and Class Ⅲ adolescent patients. Comparing adolescent and adult samples, in skeletal Class Ⅱ patients, adults showed more lingual inclination than adolescents in the upper posterior teeth and less lingual inclination in the lower posterior teeth except for the mandibular first molar. Comparing adolescent and adult samples, in skeletal Class Ⅲ patients, adults showed more lingual inclination than adolescents in the lower posterior teeth except for the mandibular second molars and showed no difference in the upper posterior teeth.@*Conclusions@#The inclination of the posterior teeth and the curve of Wilson show significant differences between the three sagittal skeletal patterns. Compared with those of skeletal Class Ⅰ patients, the posterior teeth of skeletal Class Ⅱ patients show more lingual inclination in the upper arch and less lingual inclination in the lower arch. Meanwhile, posterior teeth of skeletal Class Ⅲ patients show more lingual inclination in the lower arch and maintain the inclination in the upper arch.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 724-740, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970403

ABSTRACT

SUN gene is a group of key genes regulating plant growth and development. Here, SUN gene families of strawberry were identified from the genome of the diploid Fragaria vesca, and their physicochemical properties, genes structure, evolution and genes expression were also analyzed. Our results showed that there were thirty-one FvSUN genes in F. vesca and the FvSUNs encoded proteins were classified into seven groups, and the members in the same group showed high similarity in gene structures and conservative motifs. The electronic subcellular localization of FvSUNs was mainly in the nucleus. Collinearity analysis showed that the members of FvSUN gene family were mainly expanded by segmental duplication in F. vesca, and Arabidopsis and F. vesca shared twenty-three pairs of orthologous SUN genes. According to the expression pattern in different tissues shown by the transcriptome data of F. vesca, the FvSUNs gene can be divided into three types: (1) expressed in nearly all tissues, (2) hardly expressed in any tissues, and (3) expressed in special tissues. The gene expression pattern of FvSUNs was further verified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Additionally, the seedlings of F. vesca were treated by different abiotic stresses, and the expression level of 31 FvSUNs genes were assayed by qRT-PCR. The expression of most of the tested genes was induced by cold, high salt or drought stress. Our studies may facilitate revealing the biological function and molecular mechanism of SUN genes in strawberry.


Subject(s)
Fragaria/metabolism , Genes, Plant , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Arabidopsis/genetics , Plant Development , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Proteins/metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 584-592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958490

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the light response, retinal inflammation and apoptosis of the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) 1 year after the new type of channelrhodopsin PsCatCh2.0 was transfected into the retina of rd1 mice. Methods:Twenty-four male rd1 mice were randomly divided into rd1 experimental group and rd1 control group, 12 mice in each group. 1.5 μl of recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV)2/2-cytomegalovirus (CMV)- PsCatCh2.0-enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was injected into the vitreous cavity 1 mm below the corneoscleral limbus of mice in the rd1 experimental group, and the same dose of recombinant virus was injected 2 weeks later at temporal side 1 mm below the corneoscleral limbus. One year after virus injection, the light response of RGCs expressing PsCatCh2.0 was recorded by patch clamp technique; the expression of PsCatCh2.0 in the retina was evaluated by immunofluorescence staining; the transfection efficiency of recombinant virus was evaluated by the transfection efficiency of virus and the number of RGCs. Hematoxylineosin staining was performed to measure the inner retinal thickness. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of nuclear factor (NF)-κB p65 in retina; real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the relative expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and Bax mRNA. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase kit was used to observe the apoptosis of retinal cells in each group of mice. Results:One year after the intravitreal injection of recombinant virus, PsCatCh2.0-expressing RGCs can still generate 30 pA photocurrent. The virus PsCatCh2.0-EGFP was mainly transfected into RGCs, and partly transfected into amacrine cells, almost no transfection was seen in bipolar and horizontal cells. There were no significant differences in the number of RGCs and thickness of the inner retina between the rd1 experimental group and the rd1 control group ( F=14.35, 0.05; P>0.05), while the rd1 experimental group NF-κB p65 protein expression, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA quantification were significantly lower than those of rd1 control group ( F=4.61, 5.91, 5.78; P<0.05). The number of red fluorescent apoptotic cells in the retina of mice in the rd1 experimental group was less than that in the rd1 control group, and the Bax mRNA expression was lower than that in the rd1 control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=7.52, P<0.01). Conclusion:One year after intravitreal injection of recombinant virus, the PsCatCh2.0 expressing RGCs can still generate photocurrent. Long term transfection and expression of PsCatCh2.0 has no obvious cytotoxic effect on RGCs, nor it increases the inflammatory effect of the retina of rd1 mice with retinal degeneration.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1468-1472, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993754

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and related risk factors of senile degenerative valvular heart disease(SDHVD), and to provide clinical basis for early prevention intervention of SDHVD.Methods:Clinical data of 1568 elderly patients ≥60 years old hospitalized in our hospital from January 2022 to June 2022 were collected to compare the clinical characteristics and analyze the risk factors of patients in the degenerative heart valve disease group and the non-degenerative heart valve disease group.Results:Age(per 10-year increase)( OR=2.107, 95% CI=1.518-2.924), blood calcium( OR=8.934, 95% CI=2.023-39.447), total cholesterol( OR=1.167, 95% CI=1.044-1.304), female( OR=2.098, 95% CI=1.305-3.374), and reduced mean platelet volume(MPV)( OR=0.818, 95% CI=0.682-0.981)were independent risk factors for the development of SDHVD( P<0.05).Post hoc two-by-two comparisons showed that different degrees of calcification were associated with age( P<0.05); apoA, UA, P, and FT3 were statistically significant in the no-calcification group compared with the control group( P<0.05); E/e′, PASP, and NT-ProBNP were statistically significant in the moderate calcification group compared with the control group( P<0.05); TC was statistically significant in the no-calcification and mild calcification groups compared with the control group There was statistical significance( P<0.05)compared with the control group. Conclusions:Age, blood calcium, total cholesterol, female, and reduced MPV are independent risk factors for SDHVD.

10.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 16-28, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918750

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Adolescents are at a special stage of physical and mental development, which is a susceptible period for mental disorders. Since the outbreak of coronavirus pneumonia in December 2019, long term stress may have negative effects on the mental health of the adolescents. In the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the study was designed to investigate the mental and psychological health of adolescents in China and its possible related factors. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional study design was adopted using a structured questionnaire which were distributed through the Internet to measure depression, anxiety, life events and stress related factors. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses were conducted to process the data. @*Results@#The final sample comprised 795 adolescents. The total detection rate of depression was 76.48% and the total detection rate of anxiety was 33.08%. ANOVA showed that there were significant differences in depression scores in terms of gender, anxiety scores, history of mental disorders, COVID-19 knowledge reserve, family and social contradictions (p<0.05). And there were significant differences in anxiety scores in terms of gender, depression scores, mental health knowledge reserves, family and social contradictions (p<0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that anxiety score, health status and COVID-19 knowledge reserve were positively associated with depression score (p<0.01), and history of psychosocial disorders was negatively associated with depression score (p<0.05); depression score, family and social contradictions were significantly positively correlated with anxiety score (p<0.01), and history of mental disorders was significantly negatively correlated with SDS score (p<0.01). @*Conclusion@#During the outbreak of COVID-19, adolescent students with better understanding of the pandemic, more complete knowledge of mental health, and better family and social relationship had less impact on their mental health. Therefore, to ensure a sound social support system, elaborate health instruction, and family communication and mutual understanding are conducive to alleviating the psychological stress caused by the epidemic, and it is positive for adolescent students to maintain a good mental health.

11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 363-368, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936160

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discover the factors that may affect the use of selective tracheostomy among patients who have undergone head and neck surgeries with free flap reconstruction, so that the patients will not need tracheostomy nor receive the unnecessary treatment.@*METHODS@#Five hundred and thirty-three patients who had undergone head and neck surgery with free flap reconstruction operated by the same team of surgery at Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Peking University School of Stomatology from 2015 to 2016 were reviewed. Three hundred and twenty-one (60.2%) of these patients underwent selective tracheostomy. All the patients' demographic information, operation-related information, prior treatments, comorbidities and complications were recorded and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patients with defects of the tongue, mouth floor, oropharynx and bilateral mandible, who underwent neck dissection and with previous radiotherapy and smoking habit were more likely to get selective tracheostomy. Usage of bulky soft tissue flap might also add to the risk of airway obstruction and the need of selective tracheostomy, while other factors were not significantly related to the risk of postoperative airway obstruction and the patients could be kept safe without selective tracheostomy. Most cases without tracheostomy were kept safe except one case, while 8.39% of the patients with tracheostomy suffered from tracheostomy related complications, mainly pneumonia and hemorrhage of the tracheostomy wound, yet none led to serious consequences or even death.@*CONCLUSION@#Selective tracheostomy is not necessary for patients who have undergone head and neck surgeries with free flap reconstruction except that there are defects at the tongue, oropharynx and mandible. Neck dissection, bulky soft tissue flap reconstruction, previous radiotherapy and smoking habit may also add to the risk of postoperative airway obstruction, while a favorable decision would involve a combination of all the above factors to assure the safety of the postoperative airway for the patients undergone head and neck surgeries with free flap reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Tracheostomy
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 335-339, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936156

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of micro and mini parotid gland tumors and to provide reference for their clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#Patients with parotid gland tumors treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from December 2012 to April 2020 were selected. Relevant clinical data of the patients with tumor diameter ≤20 mm detected by preoperative CT were collected to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of micro and mini parotid gland tumors. And the collected data were divided into two groups with diameter 11-20 mm and diameter ≤10 mm according to tumor diameter measured by preoperative CT. The clinicopathological differences between the two groups were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 067 patients with primary epithelial parotid gland tumors were collected, and 685 patients with tumor diameter ≤20 mm were examined by CT, accounting for 33.1%. The ratio of male to female patients with micro and mini parotid gland tumors was 1 ∶1.93, the average age was (45.3±13.8) years (12-83 years), and the median course of disease was 12 months (1 week to 30 years). Among them, 635 cases (92.7%) were benign tumors, 50 cases (7.3%) were malignant tumors, and the ratio of benign to malignant was 12.7 ∶1. The most common benign tumor was pleomorphic adenoma, and the most common malignant tumor was mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The micro and mini parotid gland tumors were divided into 11-20 mm group (n=611) and ≤10 mm group (n=74), the clinical characteristics comparison of the two groups of gender ratio, average age, course of di-sease had no statistical difference (P>0.05). In the 11-20 mm diameter group, the percentage of benign and malignant tumor was 92.8% (567/611) and 7.2% (44/611) respectively, and the ratio of benign to malignant tumors was 12.9 ∶1. In the ≤10 mm diameter group, the percentage of benign and malignant tumor was 91.9% (68/74) and 8.1% (6/74) respectively, and the ratio of benign to malignant tumors was 11.3 ∶1. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). Fifty patients with malignant tumor were followed up for the median follow-up period of 39.5 months (1-91 months). Local recurrence occurred in 2 patients with one death. The overall 2-year survival rate was 93.7% and the 5-year survival rate was 89.3%.@*CONCLUSION@#The majority of micro and mini parotid gland tumors was benign lesion. There was a good prognosis for micro and mini parotid gland carcinoma. Early surgical treatment was recommended for micro and mini parotid gland tumors.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/surgery , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid/pathology , Parotid Gland , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
13.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200182, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1250254

ABSTRACT

The accessory ß1 subunits, regulating the pharmacological and biophysical properties of BK channels, always undergo post-translational modifications, especially glycosylation. To date, it remains elusive whether the glycosylation contributes to the regulation of BK channels by ß1 subunits. Methods: Herein, we combined the electrophysiological approach with molecular mutations and biochemical manipulation to investigate the function roles of N-glycosylation in ß1 subunits. Results: The results show that deglycosylation of ß1 subunits through double-site mutations (ß1 N80A/N142A or ß1 N80Q/N142Q) could significantly increase the inhibitory potency of iberiotoxin, a specific BK channel blocker. The deglycosylated channels also have a different sensitivity to martentoxin, another BK channel modulator with some remarkable effects as reported before. On the contrary to enhancing effects of martentoxin on glycosylated BK channels under the presence of cytoplasmic Ca2+, deglycosylated channels were not affected by the toxin. However, the deglycosylated channels were surprisingly inhibited by martentoxin under the absence of cytoplasmic Ca2+, while the glycosylated channels were not inhibited under this same condition. In addition, wild type BK (α+ß1) channels treated with PNGase F also showed the same trend of pharmacological results to the mutants. Similar to this modulation of glycosylation on BK channel pharmacology, the deglycosylated forms of the channels were activated at a faster speed than the glycosylated ones. However, the V1/2 and slope were not changed by the glycosylation. Conclusion: The present study reveals that glycosylation is an indispensable determinant of the modulation of ß1-subunit on BK channel pharmacology and its activation. The loss of glycosylation of ß1 subunits could lead to the dysfunction of BK channel, resulting in a pathological state.(AU)


Subject(s)
Glycosylation , Peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl) Asparagine Amidase , Mutation , Pharmacology
14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 502-506, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and safty of robot assisted trans-diaphragmatic intropericardial inferior vena cava occlusion and thrombectomy in treatment of Ⅳa grade tumor thrombus without cardiopulmonary bypass and thoracotomy.Methods:The clinical data of 4 patients with renal cell carcinoma and Ⅳa grade tumor thrombus by robot assisted trans-diaphragmatic intropericardial inferior vena cava occlusion and thrombectomy from January 2013 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 53.5 (53-70) years. The average body mass index was 23.25 (20.7-26.3) kg/m 2. The tumors were located on the right side in 2 cases. The average maximum diameter of the tumor was 8.1 (3.6-11.2) cm.Preoperative tumor thrombus of all patients was classified as Ⅳa. The average preoperative length of tumor thrombus in vena cava was 12.3 (11.8-18.0) cm. All the operations were performed under multidisciplinary cooperation of urology, hepatobiliary, cardiovascular, ultrasound and anesthesiologist team. Surgical procedure: Robot assisted liver mobilization was used to expose the inferior vena cava. Under the guidance of intraoperative ultrasound, the central tendon and pericardium of diaphragm were dissected until the inferior vena cava and right atrium in the superior pericardium were exposed. The first porta hepatis and inferior vena cava were blocked in turn.The vena cava thrombectomy and inferior vena cava reconstruction were performed. Results:All the operations were completed without conversion. The median operation time was 553.5 (338-642) minutes, and the median time of the first porta hepatis occlusion was 18.1 (14-32)minutes. The median blood loss was 1 900(1 000-2 600)ml. All patients were transferred to ICU after operation. The median length of stay in ICU was 7(4-8) days, and the median time of indwelling drainage tube was 8(4-12) days. The average postoperative hospital stay was 13(11-20) days. There were 1 case of grade Ⅱ and 3 cases of grade Ⅲ complications (Clavien classification). One case had paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, one case had lymphatic fistula, one case had pleural effusion with atelectasis, and one case had hepatic and renal insufficiency and lymphatic fistula. The complications were improved after treatment. There was no perioperative death.Conclusions:Robot assisted trans-diaphragmatic intropericardial inferior vena cava occlusion and thrombectomy is an alternative method for the treatment of Ⅳa grade inferior vena cava tumor thrombus. Using this method, Ⅳa grade tumor thrombus can be treated without cardiopulmonary bypass and thoracotomy, with controllable complications and zero perioperative mortality.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 88-93, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Qufeng Juanyin Decoction on bronchial asthma in children (syndrome of wind phlegm blocking lung) during the stage of attack, and the regulatory effect on T helper cell 17 (Th17)/regulatory T cell (Treg) and related factors. Method:One hundred and thirty patients were randomly divided into observation group (65 cases) and control group (65 cases) by random number table. In control group, 61 cases completed the treatment, including 1 fell off or lost visit, 3 was eliminated because of breach of protocol. And in observation group, 63 patients completed the treatment, including 2 cases fell off or lost visit. Both of the groups got Budesonide suspension by atomizer, 1 mg/time, 2 times/day, and severe children were added with Terbutaline Sulfate Aerosol every morning and evening, 2 sprays/time. Patients in control group got Suhuang Zhike capsules, 2 grains/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group got Qufeng Juanyin Decoction, 1 dose/day. The course of treatment lasted for 7 days. Onset and mitigation times of asthma were recorded. And before and after treatment, pulmonary function was evaluated, and daily variation rate of peak expiratory flow (PEF), first second expiratory flow as a percentage of expected (FEV<sub>1</sub>%) and ratio of first second forced expiratory volume (FEV<sub>1</sub>) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were recorded, and scores of syndrome of wind phlegm blocking lung and exhaled nitric oxide were detected. At the first week after the treatment, asthma control test in children (C-ACT) was made. Levels of Th17 cells, Treg cells, interleukin-17 (IL-17), IL-6, IL-10, IL-22 and IL-35 were also detected. And the safety was evaluated. Result:Onset and mitigation times of asthma in observation group were shorter those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The daily variation rate of PEF in observation group was lower than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while levels of FEV<sub>1</sub>% and FEV<sub>1</sub>/FVC were higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Asthma control in observation group was better than that in control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.106, <italic>P</italic><0.05). FeNO and score of syndrome of wind phlegm blocking lung were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of Th17, Th17/Treg, IL-17, IL-6 and IL-22 were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), whereas levels of proportion of Treg cells, IL-10 and IL-35 were higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The total effective rate in observation group was 96.83% (61/63), which was better than 85.25% (52/61) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.141, <italic>P</italic><0.05). And the total effective rate of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome was 98.41% (62/63), which was better than 86.89% (53/61) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.525, <italic>P</italic><0.05). And there was no adverse reaction caused by Qufeng Juanyin Decoction. Conclusion:Qufeng Juanyin Decoction can shorten the course of disease, improve the lung function, regulate the expressions of Th17/Treg cells and related factors, promote the immune balance of Th17 / Treg, reduce airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness, and effectively control the attack of asthma, with a good clinical efficacy and safety on bronchial asthma in children (syndrome of wind phlegm blocking lung) during the stage of attack.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 214-219, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the anatomical characteristics and adjacent relationship of the superior segment of the inferior vena cava during laparoscopic surgery.Methods:In December 2018, two frozen and two fresh adult cadavers were dissected. The chest of the frozen cadavers was opened along the bilateral midline of the clavicle, the anterior pericardial wall was opened, and the superior vena cava and the inferior vena cava was dissected. The abdominal cavity was opened along the midline of the abdomen, the left and right hepatic lobes were turned over, the inferior vena cava and the second hilum of the posterior segment of the liver were exposed, and the hiatus of the inferior vena cava was opened and entered the pericardium.The anatomical characteristics and adjacent relationship of the superior segment of the inferior vena cava were observed, and the length of the superior segment of the inferior vena cava was measured. The fresh frozen cadaver patients underwent laparoscopic surgery.Five 12 mm trocars were placed at the side of umbilicus, right rectus abdominis about 4 cm from umbilicus, midline of abdomen about 6 cm above umbilicus, right axillary front about 2 cm below inferior edge of liver, left midline of clavicle about 2 cm below inferior edge of liver. Laparoscopic-assisted turning of the left and right hepatic lobes, exposing the posterior inferior vena cava and the second hilum of the liver, opening of the vena cava hiatus into the pericardium.The anatomical characteristics and adjacent relationship of the upper diaphragmatic segment of the inferior vena cava were observed.Results:In two autopsies, the inferior vena cava entered the chest through the cava sulcus of the liver and the phrenic foramen cava, and then through the fibrous pericardium into the right atrium. The length from the diaphragm of inferior vena cava to the right atrium was 1.67 cm, 2.57 cm. In laparoscopic operation, the diaphragm entrance of the posterior segment of the liver inferior vena cava, the second hepatic portal and the inferior vena cava could be well exposed.The diaphragm could be opened along the hole of the vena cava with a relatively non vascular anatomical layer of adipose tissue.There was a large anatomical gap between the pericardium and the right atrium, and the inferior vena cava, the superior vena cava and the right atrium could be well exposed, and the whole diaphragm could be completely and continuously exposed from the bottom to the inferior vena cava at the entrance segment of the right atrium.Conclusions:There was a relatively avascular anatomical layer beside the inferior vena cava. During laparoscopic operation, opening the diaphragm through the abdominal cavity could safely enter the pericardium and expose the inferior vena cava, the superior vena cava and the right atrium, which provides a possibility for the removal of Mayo Ⅳ grade inferior vena cava tumor thrombus through this approach.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5072-5079, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921646

ABSTRACT

Polysaccharide is among the main active components of Ganoderma lucidum for tumor prevention and treatment. Howe-ver, it remains unclear whether it has synergy with tumor immunotherapy. This study evaluated the effect of G. lucidum polysaccharides(GLP) on the infiltration of T lymphocytes into tumor and the underlying mechanism, in order to provide a reference for its application in tumor immunotherapy. GLP were prepared by water extraction and alcohol precipitation combined with Sevag method and then given(intraperitoneal injection) to the mice bearing B16-F10 cells at 25, 50 and 100 mg kg~(-1), respectively, to evaluate the effect on tumor growth. The infiltration of CD3~+ and CD8~+ T cells and the expression of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1) in tumor were detected by immunohistochemistry. EA.hy926 cells were treated with 50, 100 and 200 μg·mL~(-1) GLP, and the expression of ICAM-1 was determined by Western blot. The adhesion of EA.hy926 cells treated with GLP was measured with fluorescence-labeled Jurkat cells. To analyze the mechanism based on NF-κB pathway, this study determined the protein levels of nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-κB) p65, alpha inhibitor of NF-κB(IκBα), p-NF-κB p65 and p-IκBα by Western blot. The results showed that GLP can significantly inhibit the tumor growth in mice bearing B16-F10 cells, promote the infiltration of CD3~+ and CD8~+ T cells in tumor, and increase the expression of ICAM-1 in tumor. Meanwhile, GLP could also enhance the expression of ICAM-1 in EA.hy926 cells, thus strengthen the adhesion to Jurkat cells, induce phosphorylation and protein degradation of IκBα, and raise the expression and phosphorylation level of NF-κB p65. These results suggested that GLP could promote the expression of ICAM-1 through NF-κB pathway and further enhance the infiltration of T lymphocytes into tumor, thereby inhibiting tumor growth. This study lays a foundation for the further application of GLP in tumor immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Neoplasms , Polysaccharides , Reishi , Signal Transduction , T-Lymphocytes , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 678-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878894

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to understand the pharmacodynamic effect of Valeriana jatamansi extract in diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-D) rat model induced by maternal separation combined with three kinds of stress, and observe the changes of endogenous metabolites in feces after intervention to find potential biomarkers and related metabolic pathways. The animal model of IBS-D was established by maternal separation combined with restraint, ice swimming and tail clamping. The therapeutic effect of each dose group of V. jatamansi extract was evaluated in terms of abdominal withdrawal reflex pressure threshold, fecal water content and immobility time of forced swimming test. In addition, rat feces were collected for detection of metabolic profiles of small molecular metabolites with UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS platform, so as to find the biomarkers of differential metabolism with multivariate statistical analysis methods such as principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogon partial least squares discrimination analysis(OPLS-DA). The results showed that as compared with the normal group, the threshold of abdominal withdrawal reflex pressure was decreased, the fecal water content was increased, and the immobility time of forced swimming test was prolonged in the model group. The results of fecal metabonomics showed that the levels of 39 metabolites were down-regulated and those of 37 metabolites were up-re-gulated. Further analysis showed that these metabolites were related to bile acid metabolism, unsaturated fatty acid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, ceramide metabolism and other metabolic pathways. This study proved that the extract of V. jatamansi had definite pharmacodynamic effect on IBS-D model rats, and the mechanism was discussed from the perspective of fecal metabonomics.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Diarrhea , Feces , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/drug therapy , Maternal Deprivation , Metabolomics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Valerian
19.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 908-913, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the predictive value of the HEART, TIMI and GRACE scores for major adversecardiovascular events (MACEs) at 7 and 28 days in patients with actue non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI).Methods:More than 12 000 patients with chest pain from the Emergency Department of Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from October 2017 to October 2018 were studied, including 566 patients with cardiogenic chest pain, 105 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) excluded and 15 patients lost to follow-up. Finally, 109 patients with NSTEMI and 337 non-myocardial patients with cardiogenic chest pain were enrolled. NSTEMI patients were divided into subgroups according to whether MACEs occurred. LSD t-test, Mann-Whitney U test or χ2 test were used to analyze and compare the differences between the two subgroups about the baseline data, clinical data, HEART, TIMI and GRACE scores at the time of visit. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the independent factors of MACEs at 7 and 28 days. And the predictive values of different scores for 7-day MACEs and 28-day MACEs were compared in NSTEMI patients through the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:Compared NSTEMI patients with non-myocardial patients with cardiogenic chest pain, we found a statistically significant differences in sex, past history of coronary heart disease,≥3 risk factors for atherosclerosis, electrocardiogram, high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-cTnT), creatinine value, past history of myocardial infarction, HEART score, TIMI score and GRACE score. In further subgroup analysis of NSTEMI patients who were divided according to whether MACEs occurred, we found previous history of stroke and increased hs-cTnT were statistically different in 7 days after the onset of the disease. The multivariate analysis showed that the previous history of stroke and increased hs-cTnT were independent factors for the occurrence of MACEs at 7 days after the onset of NSTEMI; The previous history of stroke and increased hs-cTnT, electrocardiogram ST segment depression and TIMI score were statistically different at 28 days after the onset of NSTEMI. The multivariate analysis showed that the previous history of stroke and TIMI score were independent factors for the occurrence of MACEs at 28 days after the onset of NSTEMI patients. ROC curve indicated that the predictive value of TIMI score (AUC=0.715, 95% CI: 0.482-0.948) was better than HEART (AUC=0.659, 95% CI: 0.414-0.904) and GRACE scores (AUC=0.587, 95% CI: 0.341-0.833)in predicting MACEs in NSTEMI patients. Conclusions:HEART score, TIMI score and GRACE score can be used to evaluate NSTEMI patients. There is an independent predictive value on TIMI score for the occurrence of 28-day MACEs in NSTEMI patients.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 152-159, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780569

ABSTRACT

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) is the first rate-limiting enzyme of terpenoid biosynthesis in the mevalonic acid pathway (MVA) pathway. It is an important regulatory site in terpenoids metabolism pathway in the cytoplasm. According to the transcriptome database of Cinnamomum camphora, two HMGRs named CcHMGR1 (GenBank: MN163055) and CcHMGR2 (GenBank: MN163056) were cloned by cDNA from C. camphora. The ORF of CcHMGR1 and CcHMGR2 is composed of 1 689 bp and 1 683 bp, respectively, encoding 562 and 560 amino acids. The bioinformatics analysis of CcHMGR1 and CcHMGR2 indicated that the molecular weight of the encoded protein is 59.819 kDa and 59.397 kDa, with a theoretically isoelectric point of 8.20 and 8.61, respectively. There are 2 transmembrane structures without signal peptide existing in the encoded amino acid of CcHMGRs. The analysis of sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree showed that theCcHMGRs belonged to the HMGR family. The camphor is divided into five chemitypes, according to the main chemical compoundsin C. camphora. The results of the real time PCR indicated that the expression level of CcHMGRs in Cineol type was higher than that in Linalool type, iso-nerolidol type, Camphor type and Borneol type. CcHMGRs expressed highest in roots and lowest in branches. In this study, the cDNA full length of CcHMGRs were cloned from C. camphora for the first time. Our results revealed that the expression level of CcHMGRs were different among five chemical types and different plant tissues, and the research provides foundation for further study of the terpenoids biosynthetic pathway in C. camphora.

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