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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921699


Whitmania pigra is the most widely distributed species of leeches in the market. In this study, the effect of heavy metal lead pollution on the anticoagulant activity of Wh. pigra was studied and the potential mechanism was explored. Pb(NO_3)_2 was used to contaminate the breeding soil which was then used to rear Wh. pigra for 50 days(lead-contaminated group, LC group), and meanwhile the blank control group(CG group) was set. Proteins were extracted from the obtained leech samples, and the differentially expressed proteins between LC and CG groups were analyzed by label-free proteomics technology. In this study, a total of 152 differentially expressed proteins were screened out, of which 93 proteins were up-regulated and 59 proteins were down-regulated in LC group. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the biological processes enriched with the differentially expressed proteins were mainly vesicle-mediated transport and transport positive regulation; the enriched cell components were mainly endocytosis vesicles and apical plasma membrane; the enriched molecular functions mainly included carbohydrate binding. The differentially expressed proteins were enriched in 76 KEGG pathways, which mainly involved metabolic pathways, biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, and bacterial invasion of epithelial cells. In this study, two differentially expressed proteins with Antistasin domain were presumed, which provides reference for further exploring the regulatory mechanism and signal transduction underlying the effect of lead pollution on the anticoagulant activity of leech.

Animals , Anticoagulants/pharmacology , Environmental Pollution , Leeches , Metals, Heavy , Proteomics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879093


In this experiment, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatographytandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry was established for the determination of caffeine in commercially available Ginkgo Folium. The samples were extracted by ultrasonic method with methanol, and separated on Waters CORTECS T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm), with mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid solution-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution for gradient elution, at flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1); column temperature of 30 ℃, and injection volume of 2 μL. Mass spectrometry was conducted at ESI~+ multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) mode; quantitative analysis was conducted with external standard method. The results showed that in the range of 0.099 6-9.96 ng·mL~(-1), there was a good linear relationship between the mass concentration of caffeine and the peak area, R~2=0.999; the average recovery was 84.51%, with RSD of 6.2%. The results of precision, repeatability and stability showed that the RSD was 5.1%, 5.9%, 7.2%, respectively. The content range of caffeine in 10 batches of Ginkgo Folium was 1.52-60.86 μg·kg~(-1). In conclusion, this method is accurate, reliable and reproducible, which provides a reference for the safety study of Ginkgo Folium.

Caffeine , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ginkgo biloba , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350684


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To use COI gene on the Mauremys reevesii and its adulterants by molecular identification. Search a rapid, accurate method of identification of Teseudinis Carapax et Planstrum and its adulterants.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>We collected 8 species of the authentic and adulterants of teseudinis carapax et planstrum in a nationwide then, extracted DNA, got the COI sequences. Use ContigExpress, Dnaman, Edit Sequence and Mega 5 to analyze the variable site and construct the N-J tree.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compare with the authentic Teseudinis Carapax et Planstrum, the adulterant exist lots of variable site. The N-J tree Indicates that the same genus belong together and each species belong to relatively independent branch.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on the COI gene, the technology of DNA bar code can be a excellent identification of Teseudinis Carapax et Planstrum and its adulterants.</p>

Animals , Base Sequence , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Electron Transport Complex IV , Genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Quality Control , Reptilian Proteins , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Turtles , Classification , Genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346885


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate and collect medicinal resources and methods of prevention and treatment of diseases in Baima Tibetan of Pingwu Sichuan in order to rescue and protect the ethenological medicine.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Through visiting, field survey in four ethnic townships of Baima Tibetan in Pingwu Sichuan as well as referring literatures to collect information and data analysis of them the investigation was carried out.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The investigation area showed rich medical resources. Rheumatism, stomach disease, pharyngitis and trauma are local common diseases which caused by local climate, diet and life style and so on. The Baima Tibetan are good at using local herb singly and simply to treat disease, using cold water medicine and powder snuffing are their own characters.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is an extremely urgent issue to rescue Baima Tibetan medicine which is disappearing by the influence of the Han nationality culture.</p>

China , Ethnology , Drug Therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Methods , Rural Health , Ethnology , Tibet
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263892


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide basis for quality control of Zijingpi, DNA identification was used based on NCBI nucleotide database analysis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Firstly, total DNA of Zijingpi was extracted. Secondly, the ITS sequence was amplified by PCR with universal primer of ITS and PCR products was directly sequenced after purification. Finally, ITS sequence similarity and phylogenetic tree were used for identification.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The ITS sequence information of the mainstream commercial drugs of Zijingpi was obtained.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is firstly reported that the mainstream commercial drugs of Zijingpi was the bark of Schisandra sphenanthera.</p>

DNA, Plant , Genetics , Databases, Nucleic Acid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Quality Control , Schisandra , Classification , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA